DE202012005654U1 - Sowing barn for raising livestock in small group housing - Google Patents

Sowing barn for raising livestock in small group housing

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Publication number
DE202012005654U1
DE202012005654U1 DE202012005654U DE202012005654U DE202012005654U1 DE 202012005654 U1 DE202012005654 U1 DE 202012005654U1 DE 202012005654 U DE202012005654 U DE 202012005654U DE 202012005654 U DE202012005654 U DE 202012005654U DE 202012005654 U1 DE202012005654 U1 DE 202012005654U1
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area
livestock
preceding
characterized
animal
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DE202012005654U
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German (de)
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BIG DUTCHMAN INTERNATIONAL GMBH, DE
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BIG DUTCHMAN PIG EQUIPMENT GmbH
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Priority to DE202012005654U priority Critical patent/DE202012005654U1/en
Priority claimed from DE102013210936.9A external-priority patent/DE102013210936B4/en
Publication of DE202012005654U1 publication Critical patent/DE202012005654U1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/02Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
    • A01K1/0209Feeding pens for pigs or cattle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/02Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/02Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
    • A01K1/0218Farrowing or weaning crates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/06Devices for fastening animals, e.g. halters, toggles, neck-bars or chain fastenings
    • A01K1/0613Devices for immobilisation or restraint of animals, e.g. chutes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K29/00Other apparatus for animal husbandry
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K29/00Other apparatus for animal husbandry
    • A01K29/005Monitoring or measuring activity, e.g. detecting heat or mating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61DVETERINARY INSTRUMENTS, IMPLEMENTS, TOOLS, OR METHODS
    • A61D3/00Appliances for supporting or fettering animals for operative purposes

Abstract

Sow barn, comprising: a) a residence area (10) adapted to receive a plurality of livestock free-running, b) a treatment area (20) separated from the location area (10) by first separation elements, which is formed around at least one livestock c) a litter area (200) separated from the dwelling area (10) and the treatment area (20) by second separation elements, which is designed to accommodate a plurality of livestock for a period before and after the litter and to new-born livestock; d) a central feed station (100), the feed station (100) comprising: - a feed stand (113) with feeding station for receiving feed by exactly one livestock - an entrance area connected to the location area (10) and preferably the litter area (200), to allow livestock access to the feed stand (113), - a detection device (130 with a first detection unit for Erfa ssung a body state of a livestock, and - an exit area with a Nutztierleitvorrichtung containing at least one movable actuator-actuated guide and is adapted to the livestock from the feed station (100) either in the residence area (10) or in the treatment area (20) or optionally in the throwing area, and - an electronic data processing unit, which is signal technically coupled to the first detection unit (130) for receiving a detection signal and which is signal technically coupled to the Nutztierleitvorrichtung for transmitting a drive signal for aktuatorbetätigte guide in response to the detection signal and which is designed to generate a drive signal for the Nutztierleitvorrichtung in response to the detection signal.

Description

  • The invention relates to a sow house for raising livestock.
  • Livestock rearing is practiced in today's farms with the aim of a species-appropriate and economic attitude of the animals. It is subject to legal framework conditions by national and regional regulations, which contain numerous specifications, such as stocking density, animal hygiene or, for example, the question of the freedom of movement of individual animals.
  • It is generally known, with the aim of avoiding diseases and their spread and mutual injuries to closely control domestic animals in the rearing process, this can be understood as a veterinary control as well as a control by the breeder himself. It is also known to segregate animals from the group keeping out of the result of such controls, for example, to isolate them and to treat diseases in individual animals or to bring out mother animals that are about to throw from the group of animals and accommodate in litter boxes , For this purpose, it is known to keep various livestock houses available to allow the subdivision of a livestock group and the isolated housing individual livestock or it is known to keep available within a sow shed different, separated areas between which the animals laid by the livestock owner through corresponding connecting passages can be.
  • In historical husbandry concepts up to the beginning of the 20th century livestock were still kept in larger groups, which were inhomogeneous, so livestock included different ages, pregnant and non-pregnant animals and possibly even male and female animals in community, separated from each other group attitude. Such husbandry concepts were usually associated with a spatially close cohabitation of the owner to the animals. However, these husbandry concepts have long since ceased to be used because they have proved to be too inefficient, and to a great extent, from the farmer's personal knowledge and remembrance of each individual animal of the group, as well as intensive personal observation of the animals within the group by the farmer depend. For the automation of animal-specific husbandry measures, such as automated individual feeding, medication, segregation, examination or individual forms of husbandry, these husbandry concepts have proved unsuitable.
  • In modern housing concepts used today, the livestock are therefore kept mainly in individual housing or in smaller groups. These groups are - if one disregards the common attitude of a mother sowing with the fresh piglets - always homogeneously composed, that is, in such a group of a modern housing concept are included farm animals that have substantially the same age, a similar growth behavior, feed intake behavior or have substantially the same characteristics in terms of breeding behavior (eg gestation stage). Even in individual housing modern livestock stables are structured so that livestock are kept with the aforementioned same properties in the neighborhood, so are kept in a single designated stable area, so in this area are livestock, which make consistent in the attitude requirements to the farmer ,
  • While the keeping of livestock in individual housing and homogenous small group housing has proven to be efficient with regard to feeding, logistics and numerous other housing activities of the animals, this type of housing has proved to be unfavorable with regard to the social behavior of the animals, since a social-typical group formation with natural hierarchies is prevented becomes. In modern housing concepts, this causes problems in the behavior of the animals among themselves, which were less observed in the historical housing concepts. These problems can be addressed by giving more space to animals and by controlling animals more closely and sorting out problematic animals in their social behavior.
  • The disadvantage is on the one hand the considerable space required for this purpose and on the other hand, the required regular control by trained personnel in the form of livestock owner or veterinary. Both circumstances are cost-triggering factors in livestock rearing, so that from a cost-saving point of view recurrent cases occur in which the control is not carried out in a sufficiently close-meshed manner or room requirements are not met. This has a detrimental effect on the health and welfare of the animals, leading to diseases, delayed detection of such diseases and spread of diseases within the population. Overall, this has adverse effects on both the economy and the welfare of the animals.
  • It is also known and customary to keep a mother with their newborn cubs together in a group, thereby promoting the development of the piglets and natural mammals the piglet is allowed. Although this concept of keeping is considered well-proven, it entails a relatively high outlay for the feeding of the dam, as each mother has to be individually offered within the delimited area in which the family group lives and be fed by the mother. A disadvantage has also shown a small space for movement of the mother in this type of housing. Family-group farming is therefore often relatively intensive for the farmer and requires regular monitoring and intervention to meet the animals' needs for food, run-time and medical care. A separation of the mother animal from the piglets is sometimes necessary due to injury of the piglets by the mother and makes the attitude more difficult.
  • It is an object of the invention to provide a sow house and a method for raising livestock, which allow a more economical and at the same time species-appropriate livestock rearing in a better manner than currently known.
  • A further object of the invention is to provide a sow house and a method for livestock rearing, which are able to detect changes in farm animals faster and at the same time to allow economic rearing.
  • Another object of the invention is to enable improved housing of dams and fresh-born cubs in a stable or stable area, especially for sows and piglets.
  • Finally, another object of the invention is to provide a stable concept for an economically efficient and at the same time improved attitude for the social behavior of the animals.
  • These objects are achieved according to the invention by a sow barn comprising:
    • a) a residence area, which is designed to receive a plurality of livestock free-running,
    • b) a treatment area separated from the occupied area by first separation elements and configured to receive at least one livestock animal,
    • c) a litter area separated from the location area and the treatment area by second separation elements, which is designed to accommodate a plurality of livestock for a period before and after the litter and to new-born livestock,
    • (d) a central feeding station comprising the feeding station: - a feed stand ( 113 ) with feeding station for receiving feed by exactly one livestock animal - an entrance area coinciding with the residence area ( 10 ) and preferably the throwing area ( 200 ) to allow livestock access to the feed stand ( 113 ), - a detection device ( 130 with a first detection unit for detecting a body condition of a farm animal, and - an exit area with a livestock guide device, which contains at least one movable, actuator-actuated guide element and is designed to transport the livestock from the feed station ( 100 ) optionally in the residence area ( 10 ) or in the treatment area ( 20 ) or optionally in the throwing area, and - an electronic data processing unit connected to the first detection unit ( 130 ) is technically coupled to receive a detection signal and which is technically coupled to the Nutztierleitvorrichtung for sending a drive signal for aktuatorbetätigte guide in response to the detection signal signal and which is designed to generate a drive signal for the Nutztierleitvorrichtung in response to the detection signal.
  • Furthermore, this object is achieved by a method for raising livestock in a nursery, comprising the steps:
    • Keeping the animals in a common area with access to a central feeding station,
    • Enabling the livestock to enter the feeding station autonomously from the habitation area and possibly from a litter area, detecting a body condition of the livestock, for example a state of intoxication and / or a pregnancy status of the livestock in the central feeding station,
    • - Guiding the livestock by means of a aktuatorbetätigten Tierleiteinrichtung from the central feed station in the residence area or a treatment area when a noise condition has been detected or if necessary. In the litter area when a pregnancy status, in particular a over a predetermined period existing pregnancy status has been detected.
  • The sow barn according to the invention is initially characterized in that it is divided into at least three different areas, namely a residence area, a treatment area and a litter area. These areas are separated from each other by corresponding dividing elements such as walls, barriers or the like, so that it is not possible for any livestock to move directly from one of these three areas in one of the other areas. In the sow barn according to the invention thus sows in the various production phases, which can also be as empty, pregnant or piglet leading, as well as piglets are kept.
  • The sow house according to the invention also has a central feed station. This feed station is arranged to have an exit area that selectively directs a farm animal leaving the feed station to one of the three areas of the sow house. This makes it possible to selectively guide a farm animal that has taken feed in the feeding station in the residence area, the treatment area or the throwing area. This guiding function can typically be achieved by means of corresponding actuators, for example pneumatically or hydraulically operated doors, guide gratings or the like.
  • The livestock enter the feed station through an entrance area that can be reached from the livestock at least from the lounge area and preferably also from the litter area. In the feeding station the livestock receive their preferably animal-specific feed rations and the feeding station is therefore visited as such by the animals once or several times a day. The central feed station can be constructed in different ways. In principle, it is preferably provided that a single animal is separated in a feed stand in order to detect a body condition on this animal standing in the feed stand by means of the detection unit. In addition to this feed stand with detection unit, the feed station can comprise one or more further feed stands, which are likewise equipped with a detection unit or which are without detection unit. For example, the feed station may comprise two feed stands, each having a detection unit, wherein the detection units need not be designed to detect one and the same body condition, but may also be designed to detect different body conditions. In addition to these two feed stands with detection unit, one or more feed stands without detection unit can also be contained in the feed station. Such a structure of the feeding station is useful, for example, when the farm animals are to be fed only once a day to a specific detection unit to detect a body condition, but visit the feeding station several times a day to receive feed several times a day. In such an embodiment, it is then advantageous, for example, to identify the livestock before or when entering the feeding station, for example by a corresponding reading of a data carrier on the animal or by capturing animal-specific body characteristics and the animal thus recognized according to the intended body state detection or one already Conducted body state detection in one of the multiple feed stands. Animals in which a particular body condition has already been detected on that day are either sent to a feed stand with a detection unit which detects another body condition still to be measured on that day, or if no further body condition is to be measured on that day. These animals are directed to a feed stand, where they only receive food, but has no detection unit.
  • In principle, the feed stand, which has a detection unit, can also have further detection units in order to examine a farm animal, which stands in the feed stand, either simultaneously or alternatively with two or more detection units. Thus, in livestock previously recognized by automatic recognition of body characteristics or read-out from a data carrier on the animal, it can be decided, based on stored data on that animal, which contain particular body conditions from previous measurements, whether that livestock is another Capture a body condition must be supplied and which body condition must be detected. For example, in the case of a livestock which has been identified as pregnant in a previous measurement, an examination for nocturnalness can be dispensed with, or a pregnancy study can be omitted or a safety examination can only be carried out after a certain period of time since pregnancy has been established Determine the course of pregnancy.
  • A feeding stand may also include one or more means for implementing other animal health measures, such as massage devices, cooling or ventilating devices, ophthalmic care, foot care or toe care equipment.
  • The body condition, which is determined in the central feed station on the farm animal, may include different body conditions. For example, vital parameters such as the body temperature and / or the pulse rate of the farm animal can be detected, as well as contours of the farm animal, which allow a statement on the well-being or certain developments of the farm animal, are detected by an image capture or scanning of the farm animal. Furthermore, for example, the weight of the livestock can be determined in the central feed station, in addition to the above-described individual detection of such body conditions also several of these body conditions can be determined simultaneously or successively in the feed station in the course of an investigation on the farm animal to generate a statement from this.
  • In particular, it is further preferred that the body state (s) of the farm animal determined be aligned with body condition data from previous measurements. This storage of the body conditions required for this purpose preferably takes place with assignment to an animal-identifying code which is stored, for example, on a data medium carried by the animal or which is assigned on the basis of the detection of an animal-specific body feature, for example one of its image recognition or a detection of a body contour. becomes. The data stored in this way can be stored, on the one hand, on a data carrier which the farm animal carries itself, in order to ensure an ongoing allocation of the relevant data to the farm animal, even if the farm animal from a central storage system of that sow stable in the course of a relocation, a sale or the like is led out. Data can furthermore be stored, in particular, in a central data system, which is used for the management of the sow stable. Based on the data thus stored, intelligent guidance and examination of the animal can then be performed. On the one hand, this intelligent line includes the forwarding of the livestock to specific detection units in order to determine specific body conditions of the livestock. Furthermore, this intelligent forwarding can take place in terms of time, in that the livestock is supplied to specific detection units only at specific time intervals, in order to avoid unnecessary multiple-use examinations burdening the livestock. Thus, for example, a pregnancy examination can be performed at intervals having a rhythm of 3 or 5 days, as well as a determination of the intoxication of livestock can take place in such multi-day intervals. Between two investigations to determine the noise should preferably be at least 6 to 8 hours. A pregnancy examination preferably takes place in a time window of 18 to 30 days after an insemination procedure, in particular in a time window of 20 to 28 days after an insemination procedure. In a time window of 40 to 50 days after an insemination procedure, a further pregnancy examination may preferably be carried out as a safety examination. A pregnancy study of a single animal is preferably carried out for a maximum of three consecutive days.
  • Still further, the animal can be treated in the feeding station. This treatment of the animal can be carried out independently or as a function of a detected body condition of the animal and preferably takes place in an automated manner. Thus, for example, as a function of a detected state of the body, medication can be administered into the animal's feed or, depending on a detected high level of noise, insemination of the animal can take place by means of an automated device. Likewise, depending on the identification of the animal and its age determined from the stored data or the time interval to a previous treatment, a vaccination, color marking or the like can be done to identify the animal with the color mark later easily and a manual sorting by the To subject livestock owners.
  • In addition to a device provided for this purpose for dispensing feed to the livestock and for receiving feed by the livestock, the feed station further comprises at least one detection unit. This detection unit is designed to detect a condition of a farm animal. Thus, for example, a state of intoxication of the animal can be detected, d. H. a condition in which a female farm animal would be ready to conceive. Furthermore, for example, a pregnancy status can be detected by a detection unit, i. H. a condition in which a female farm animal is pregnant. Depending on the signal of this detection device, the animal is then selectively guided from the feeding place into one of the three areas.
  • The invention has the advantage that the entire stable architecture in the form of the central feeding place with direct exit into one of the three areas and access from the residence area and preferably the throwing area in connection with the functional units at the feeding place, namely in particular the detection device and the control of a Guide device in the output area of the feeding place in dependence of the detection signal, a largely autonomous and at the same time appropriate welfare of the animals allows, without this a close-meshed control by specialized personnel would be required. This is achieved by a periodically visited by the animals, the feeding station, equipped with detection devices and assigned depending on the signals of these detection devices livestock from the feeding area in areas that correspond to a corresponding, detected state of the farm animal for the further attitude , In particular, the individual animals also receive a much larger freewheeling facility than conventional barn concepts.
  • The inventively provided Nutztierleitvorrichtung, for example, be designed such that the actuator-actuated guide element can be realized by one or more doors, which can be opened or closed by the actuator. In this case, the exit of the livestock is directed into the corresponding area, that only the door is opened, which in the corresponding area leads. In another implementation, the guide element can be represented by a pivotable grid element, which alternatively clears the way to one or the other output and blocks the other. Furthermore, combinations of these constructive implementations for two, three or more exit ports from the invention are encompassed.
  • According to a first preferred embodiment it is provided that the Nutztierleitvorrichtung is designed to guide a farm animal from the feed station by means of the at least one guide element either in the residence area, the treatment area or in the throwing area. According to this development, a livestock can be automatically forwarded from the feed station in either one of the three areas by the Nutztierleitvorrichtung is actuated by the actuator accordingly. The Nutztierleitvorrichtung can in this case comprise a single or more, independently movable guide elements. With this training, it is possible that a farm animal, which is detected in the feeding station by means of the detection unit as ready for treatment or in need of treatment, is directed into the treatment area, there to make an example, veterinary or other manual treatment on the animal. Furthermore, animals that are detected by the detection unit as pregnant, are passed from the feeding station in the litter area, this forwarding can also be performed depending on a progress of the pregnancy, for example such that the livestock only a predetermined period before the calculated Birth will be directed to the throwing area and otherwise be previously directed to the lounge area. In this embodiment, the feeding station assumes the function of a triple diverter which, depending on the detection signal, automates the livestock and directs it daily to a region adapted and provided for the condition of the livestock.
  • Furthermore, it can preferably be provided that the first detection unit is designed to detect a state of intoxication of the livestock and forward it as a detection signal to the data processing unit. According to this development, a state of intoxication, that is H. a receptive state recorded for a female farm animal. This can be done, for example, by invasive methods, other non-invasive diagnostic methods or behavioral pattern analysis of the farm animal. The detection signal thus obtained can then be used to forward a livestock, which has a state of intoxication, in a treatment area, there to undergo a insemination process. Alternatively, the insemination can also be done directly in the feeding station.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment, it is provided that the detection device comprises a second detection unit which is designed to detect a pregnancy status of the farm animal and to pass it on to the data processing unit as a detection signal. Such a pregnancy examination can be carried out, for example, by means of a second detection unit designed as an ultrasound sensor; however, invasive or non-invasive other diagnostic methods can also be used here. Pregnancy testing may result in different livestock forwarding when pregnancy is found to be positive, as pregnant livestock can and should be kept in a group for the greater part of their gestation with the other animals. Consequently, it is only at a late stage of pregnancy that it is necessary to transfer the animal to the litter area from the feeding station. The detection unit may be designed for this purpose to differentiate different progress of pregnancy.
  • In principle, however, the first or second detection unit or a further detection unit arranged at the detection device or in the feed station can also be designed according to the invention for individually recognizing a livestock, for example by reading out a data element or signal generator arranged on the livestock such as an RFID tag or detecting a body contour of the farm animal. This livestock identification can take place in the feed station itself, but alternatively the detection unit can also comprise a livestock identification device, which is arranged in the entrance area of the feed station, to determine whether a livestock eligible for food intake stands in this entry area and selectively allows the livestock to enter the feed station , In this case, for example, the signal detected by this in the input area arranged identification device for individual livestock detection can also be used by the data processing unit.
  • The livestock identification by means of the detection unit, in combination with a detection unit designed for the detection of pregnancy, has the advantage that data for the pregnancy detection of a livestock can be stored in the data processing unit so that the progress of the pregnancy can be determined on the basis of the first detection of a pregnancy and its storage after date Timing can be tracked and determined by means of a clock within the data processing unit, so that at a certain time of pregnancy, a forwarding of this livestock can be done in the throwing area.
  • The sow house according to the invention can be further developed by an incentive residence area for a male farm animal, which is separated from the residence area, the treatment area and the throw area by separating elements and arranged such that from the feed station an optical, olfactory and / or acoustic perception of appropriate Signals from the incentive residence area is possible. An incentive residence area can be used to detect a state of intoxication of a female farm animal in a simplified manner, since this can be determined by the reaction of the female farm animal to a male farm animal which is located in the incentive residence area. To determine the detection unit may be equipped with optical or mechanical sensing sensors, image capture devices or the like. For the perception of the male animal, it is to be made possible here that the male animal can be visually perceived from the feeding station, odors of the male animal or noises of the male animal can be forwarded from the stimulus residence area into the feeding station, so that the female farm animal which is in the feeding station Feeding station stands by one or more of these perceptive possibilities an incentive receives and the reaction of the female farm animal can be detected on this incentive.
  • It is further preferred to train the sow house by means for selectively blocking or releasing the optical, olfactory and / or acoustic perception of corresponding signals from the incentive residence area, preferably selected from the following list:
    • - movable screens,
    • Sound opening and a movable soundproofing means for soundproof closing of this sound opening,
    • Acoustic means for emitting an acoustic signal,
    • Olfactory means for delivering an olfactory signal or for removing an existing olfactory signal,
    and by control means for driving this / these means (s).
  • When incentives are provided by a male animal in the incentive area, it is often advantageous if these incentives can also be shut off, thereby causing the female farm to move from the feeding station to another area. For this purpose, appropriate blocking means for the respective incentives of optical, olfactory or acoustic nature are provided. Thus, the optical incentive can be stopped by corresponding obstructing the visual paths. The acoustic stimulus can be stopped by corresponding sound-tight closure between the stimulus living area and the feeding station, alternatively or additionally, but also by emitting superimposed acoustic signals by acoustic means. The olfactory stimuli can be stopped by delivering an olfactory signal, for example, spraying disinfectants or other fragrances. In particular, these means for disabling incentives from the incentive residence area may be controlled simultaneously by appropriate control means to stop all stimuli emanating from the male animal in the stimulus residence area at a matching time and thereby move the female farm animal to leave the feeding station. The olfactory agents may also be designed to remove an existing olfactory signal. This removal of the existing olfactory signal can be achieved, for example, by means of aeration, an air environment zone via a blower and / or an extraction of existing air from the area of the central feed station.
  • Furthermore, the invention can be developed by an animal identification unit arranged in the region of the central feed station, in particular a readout unit for a data element arranged on the livestock with an animal-specific identification code, and in that the data processing unit is signal-technically coupled to the animal identification unit for transmitting an identification code of one located in the central feed station Livestock to the data processing unit. With this training, it becomes possible to recognize a farm animal within the feeding station or at the entrance or before the entry. This recognition can be carried out in particular by reading out a data element attached to the livestock, for example an RFID tag affixed to the animal's ear, a subcutaneously implanted data element or the like. Alternatively, the animal recognition unit can also scan the animal on the basis of anatomical data recognize an image capture and evaluation. The animal recognition can also be done by reading out biometric recognition features, for example via iris recognition. Furthermore, animal identification may take place by a video surveillance in the barn, which is coupled to the animal recognition unit such that the information about which animal is approaching the feed station and seeks access, is transmitted from the video surveillance to the animal recognition unit. By the animal identification data of the animal from previous measurements can be assigned and called up and the data of the animal determined in the feeding place are assigned to the animal and stored. For this purpose, in particular the data processing unit may comprise an electronic storage unit, whereby it is made possible, based on data that has been previously stored to the animal individually and the new data and / or a time lapse, to make a decision to forward the animal from the feeding place. Furthermore, the data collected and assigned to the animal can be used for monitoring the animal population, for statistical purposes and the like, and for this purpose can be transmitted to corresponding evaluation units or evaluated accordingly within the data processing unit. Thus, for example, an evaluation of the weight distribution and the average weight within the group of livestock is possible on the basis of a trained for weight measurement detection unit in the feeding station and it can reflect developments of these weights and be used for optimizing the attitude or monitoring the course of a pregnancy.
  • In this case, the animal recognition unit can furthermore preferably be arranged in the entry area of the feeding station and the data processing unit can be designed to control an access door to the feeding station as a function of the signal of the animal recognition unit for opening and closing and to store status data of livestock from earlier detection measurements in an electronic storage unit. Thus, the animal can be detected prior to entry and, for example, when stored in the data processing unit, that this farm animal has already completely absorbed its daily ration of feed. The access of the animal to the food stand will be denied.
  • It is even further preferred if the central feed station comprises a weighing device coupled to the data processing unit for detecting the weight of a livestock standing in the feed stand and the central data processing unit has an electronic data store for storing a plurality of weight data of a plurality of sows in a time series assigned to the respective sow , With this weight recording, a better check of relevant animal parameters and targeted removal of the animals or signal storage is possible.
  • Still further, it is preferred that the data processing unit is adapted to store the time of the presence of a livestock in the central feeding station with the animal identification code, to compare the livestock presence times on successive days and to deviate the presence time of a single livestock between two Days to generate an electronic signal for more than a predetermined period of time, and / or to store the order of livestock presence in the central feeding station based on the animal identification codes of the individual animals to compare the occupancy order of the livestock on successive days and a deviation the position of a single livestock in the presence order to generate an electronic signal for more than a predetermined number of positions between two days, With this training, it becomes possible that Tie People who visit the feeding station one day outside of their habits, for example, are delayed in time or elsewhere in the group, and if this deviation exceeds a normal spread, it is used to output a signal. This signal may be an alarm, for example, the signal can also be used to control the Tierleitvorrichtung to direct such an eye-catching animal in the treatment area.
  • It is even further preferred that the data processing unit is designed to record weight measurements of the livestock on the basis of the animal identification codes of the individual animals, to compare the weight measurement of a livestock on successive days and / or to compare the weight measurement of a livestock with a previously stored normative weight development curve and / or a deviation of the measured weight of the individual livestock by more than a predetermined weight difference from the weight of the previous day, in particular in a weight reduction or a deviation of the measured weight of the individual livestock by more than a predetermined weight difference from that in the data processing unit stored setpoint taken from the normative weight development curve to generate an electronic signal. This training makes it possible to subject the animals kept in the sow stall daily weight control and so unusual weight developments, ie, for example, weight stagnation or decline, but also to gain weight below an expected target value and to issue a warning signal, a control of Tierleitvorrichtung or to use in any other way.
  • In this case, the data processing unit can be designed, in particular, to calculate a target weight value for a pregnant livestock, which is calculated on the basis of the stored normative weight development curve as a function of the insemination date, the amount of feed, the live weight at the insemination date, and / or the throwing power of the previous litter of the livestock , In this case, the data processing unit is designed to store animal-specific data, in particular insemination dates, the amount of feed, the live weight at the time of insemination, and / or the throwing power of the previous litter of the livestock and retrieve them when a corresponding farm animal is recognized by the animal identification code. It has been shown that especially in pregnant farm animals a daily observation of the course of the weight development can be used to a rapid detection of diseases. However, in order to take into account animal-specific different weight developments, for the purpose of a high accuracy of the prognosis, the listed parameters or at least one or more parameters thereof in the calculation of the setpoint to include in order to achieve a meaningful result.
  • According to a further aspect of the invention, a throwing box is provided with a box access door having a lower door section and an upper door section to be moved separately from said lower door section, the height of the substantially horizontal separation between the lower and upper door sections being above the floor in FIG the throwing box is such that young animals can not overcome the lower door section when the upper door section is open and mother animals can overcome the lower door section with the upper door section open.
  • Such a box access door can thus regulate the access to or exit from the throwing box. The box access door is horizontally divided into two sections, so that a selective passage through the box access door is regulated. The box access door can perform various functions here:
    • a) On the one hand, the lower portion of the door may be closed and the upper portion may be open, allowing a mother to enter and exit the litter box, but this access for the kittens is blocked.
    • b) Furthermore, both door sections can be opened, whereby a mother and young animals leave the throwing box and can enter the throwing box.
    • c) Furthermore, the lower door section can be opened and the upper door section closed so that only the young animals can leave the throwing box and re-enter, but not the dam.
    • d) Furthermore, it is possible to one-sidedly lock the upper and / or the lower door section in such a way that the animals can press the respective door sections in one direction but not in the other direction, so that a one-way function arises. For example, the animals can be let into the box, but not let out again, or vice versa, to effect collection of the animals in the throwing box or outside the throwing box. This one-way function can be used only for the lower, only for the upper or for both door sections, to achieve a selective collection of mother and mother animals.
  • In this case, it is preferred in particular that the height of the lower door section is designed such that, with the upper door section closed and the lower door section open, maternal animals can not pass underneath the upper door section. The height of the lower door section is thus preferably selected so that the lower door section is high enough so that piglets can not pass the box access door with the lower door section closed and the upper section opened, and at the same time low enough for mother animals to be closed when the upper door section is closed and the lower one open Door section the box access door can not pass.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment of the sow barn, it is provided that the throwing area comprises a throwing living area and a plurality of throwing boxes, preferably of the aforementioned throwing boxes, which are separated from the throwing living area by separating elements and a respective box access door and in which at least one of the box access doors is divided into a lower door section and an upper door section to be moved separately from said lower door section, the height of the substantially horizontal separation between the lower and upper door sections above the floor in the throwing box being such that when the upper door section is opened, juveniles do not can overcome and dams can overcome the lower door section with the upper door section open.
  • With this preferred embodiment, the throwing area is advantageously divided into a throwing area and in this case a littering area is provided, in which several mother animals and / or young animals can be present. In the provided plurality of litter boxes can each be a single mother and young animals. The litter boxes are preferably separated from each other and have box access doors have box access doors, which regulate access between the throwing box and the litter box area. Preferably, the box doors are developed as described above.
  • With this training, it is possible to specifically control the entry of juveniles and dams from the throwing boxes into the dwelling area and from the dwelling area to the throwing boxes. This is particularly important if the access to the central feeding point is possible from the littering area to a individual feeding of dams in the throwing boxes until a certain time after the litter and to allow access of the dams to the central feeding place from this particular time after the litter.
  • In a preferred embodiment, a protective device is arranged at an upper end of the lower door section, which reduces or avoids injuries to the dams when crossing the lower door section. The protective device is preferably formed substantially cylindrical and further preferably releasably attached to the lower door portion or the throwing box.
  • This design has the advantage that the risk of injury to dams, in particular the risk of Gesäugeverletzung, when leaving or entering the throwing box on the closed lower door section through the open upper door section is reduced or completely avoided. The protective device may be formed, for example, as a plastic roller. The protective device may have a longitudinal slot with which it can be attached to the upper edge of the lower door portion. Alternatively or additionally, the protective device can be detachably fastened to the throwing box, for example to a wall or to door jambs of the box access door.
  • A preferred embodiment provides that the height of the substantially horizontal separation between the lower door portion and the upper door portion is variable.
  • The lower door section and / or the protective device can preferably be extended upward, for example telescopically or by placing additional parts. Alternatively or additionally, the lower door portion and / or the protective device can be arranged in a vertically variable position, i. H. be mounted in a higher position. This can lead to gaps between the bottom and the lower end of the lower door section or between the upper end of the lower door section and the protective device. However, as long as these gaps are so small that they can not be passed by piglets, the functionality of the box access door is not affected. Also, the upper door portion may preferably be variably changed in the vertical direction, either by extension or attachment at different heights.
  • Such a variable embodiment, in particular of the lower door portion and / or the protection device, makes it possible to adjust the height, for example, to the size of the dam and / or the size of the growing piglets. In this way it can be ensured that an adjusted height of the substantially horizontal separation between the lower door section and the upper door section can be set both for mothers of different sizes and over the duration of the piglet rearing process. In this way, a passage height, which is an upper edge of the combination of the lower door section and the protective device, can be adapted to the size of a dam and / or the piglet growth.
  • A further embodiment provides that the protective device can be variably fixed relative to the lower door section in a vertical direction.
  • This can be realized, for example, by a height-adjustable attachment of the protective device, by means of which the protective device can be fastened in different positions in the vertical direction over the lower door section. Even with this variant, the above-mentioned advantages of height adjustment can be realized.
  • Another embodiment provides that the box access door, in particular the lower door section and / or the upper door section and / or the protective device can be controlled automatically.
  • In this way, not only a manual operation of the box access door and its elements is possible, but also an automatic control, in particular an opening or closing the box access door or the lower door section and / or the upper door section and / or the protective device. This automatic control can preferably be carried out remotely, for example by a higher-level control device in a sow house.
  • It is particularly preferred that a control of the box access door, in particular of the lower door section and / or the upper door section and / or the protective device is pneumatically, electrically, hydraulically or mechanically.
  • For example, pneumatic cylinders, hydraulic cylinders, linear drives and / or cable pull mechanisms can be used for the control.
  • It is further preferred that a control for opening and / or closing the box access door, in particular the lower door section and / or the upper door section and / or the protection device, according to one or more predetermined criteria, for example, depending on the time of day, depending on the age of the piglets dependent from an identification of a mother animal or dependent from a specific event, such as a fire or other emergency.
  • In this way, opening and closing times of the box access door and its elements can be preprogrammed, in particular as a function of the time of day and / or the piglet age. Animal-specific control can also be provided, preferably in cooperation with an animal recognition unit which can read out animal-specific features or properties and, depending on this, can control the box access door and its elements. Furthermore, an event-controlled activation of advantage, for example, in a fire that can be detected, for example, an elevated temperature, or any other emergency all doors open to allow the animals to escape and thus a rapid evacuation of a stable.
  • It is particularly preferred that the upper door portion is formed lattice-shaped.
  • A grid-like design of the upper door section has the advantage that more light is incident on the throwing box, especially in an area near the box access door. Another advantage is that animals located in the throwing box, in particular dams, can enter into social contact with animals outside the box, e.g. B. by visual contact or olfactory signals. Further, the animals in the throwing box by a lattice-shaped upper door section and persons who approach the throwing box, recognize early and are not surprised when a person enters or intervenes in the throwing box. These aspects can significantly reduce stress reactions of the animals, which is of great advantage in particular for mothers who have to feed piglets and reduces negative influences on the rearing process.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the throwing box has a first area and a second area, the first area being in the form of a preferred litter box stay area and the second area being in the form of an excrement area.
  • It is particularly preferred that
    • - The first area is arranged closer to the box access door than that of the second area, and / or
    • - The first region has a higher temperature than the second region, and / or
    • - The second area has a stronger air flow than the first area, and / or
    • - The first region has a different optical property than the second region, and / or
    • The second area has a lower brightness than the first area, and / or
    • The first region has a different olfactory property than the second region, and / or
    • - The first area has a different acoustic property than the second area.
  • Preferably, a first area of the litter box located closer to the box access door serves as a litter box stay area, particularly a piglet stay area, and a second area of the litter box located closer to the box access door opposite end of the litter box as an area where the animals secrete their excrement ,
  • It is particularly preferred that a higher temperature prevails in the first region than in the second region. For generating the higher temperature, heating means, such as infrared lamps, are preferably provided. Particularly in piglet rearing, it is advantageous if a piglet nest, in which the young piglets preferably remain, is arranged in the first temperature range with the higher temperature.
  • Furthermore, it is preferred that in the second region a stronger air flow prevails than in the first region, d. H. that in the first region substantially a low air movement or air velocity prevails than in the second region. In this way, animals located in the throw box can be motivated to use the first area as a litter box stay area and to visit the second area only for a short time for taking up food and / or water and / or for excreting excreta.
  • Further alternative or additional measures to motivate the animals to use the first area as a boxing box area and to visit the second area only for a short time may be selected from the following non-exhaustive list of preferred examples: for example, the second area may be replaced by a blackout, Aeration with higher air flow, with olfactory signals and / or with acoustic signals are made more unattractive than the first area. Furthermore, appropriate measures in the first area may be provided to make them more attractive, for example by a lower air flow, a normal bright illumination, preferred olfactory, optical or acoustic signals.
  • Preferably, suitable devices are provided for generating such different area characteristics, such as ventilation devices, lighting devices, devices for emitting olfactory signals or loudspeakers for emitting acoustic signals. For generating optical signals, for example Be provided light games or lighting devices with specific spectra.
  • Still further preferred is that in a throwing box a movable bottom is arranged, which is formed by a driven endless conveyor belt and which preferably has a conveying direction away from the box access door. With such a configuration, the area of the throwing box can be kept clean in a particularly simple and high-quality manner by a slow movement of the endless conveyor belt, by removing contaminants from the throwing box by the movement of the endless conveyor belt and the conveyor belt in the area of deflection devices of the conveyor belt or in the region of Untertrums the endless conveyor belt is subjected to a cleaning.
  • Furthermore, it is preferred if the box access door extends over the entire width of the endless conveyor belt. Alternatively, it is preferred that the box access door extends only over a part of the width of the endless conveyor belt and in particular not centrally, but is arranged at the edge, for example, to make room for a piglet nest.
  • The sow barn according to the invention can be further developed by a central juvenile feed station in the litter area, comprising the young animal feed station:
    • a. a feeding stand with a feeding station for the admission of feed by exactly one young animal,
    • b. an entrance area connected to the litter area and having a first selective barrier adapted to allow livestock from the litter area access to the livestock area and to prevent livestock larger than pups from entering the livestock area;
    • c. at least one detection unit for detecting a body condition of a farm animal, in particular a weighing device or a size measuring device, and
    • d. a livestock guide device including at least one moveable actuator-actuated baffle and configured to selectively direct the pup from the hens feed station back into the litter area or into a growth area;
    • e. an electronic data processing unit, which is signal-technically coupled to the detection unit for receiving a detection signal and which is signal-technically coupled to the Nutztierleitvorrichtung for transmitting a drive signal for the actuator-actuated guide element in response to the detection signal.
  • With this training, a feeding station for juveniles, which are no longer nursed by the mother, in the litter area is provided, whereby a feeding of the young animals is made possible by a central feed station. The juvenile animal feed station is designed in this case likewise to effect a selective forwarding of the juvenile to one of at least two different regions on the basis of a body state of the farm animal detected by a detection unit. Thus, for example, a young animal, which is still in an early elevator phase and has not yet exceeded a corresponding predetermined size or a corresponding predetermined weight, be led from the juvenile feed station back into the litter area, whereas a young animal, which a certain size or a has exceeded a certain weight and thus is in an advanced rearing phase, is directed to a nursery area separated from the litter area to receive development thereon, further feeding, feeding and the like.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment, the sow barn can be further developed by a second selective barrier device, which is designed to prevent juveniles from accessing the central feed station and to allow livestock that are larger than juveniles to access the central feed station. By means of this second selective blocking device, it is made possible that mother animals from the throwing area gain access to the central feeding station, whereas juveniles, which are not yet mature enough for the feed delivered in the central feeding station, are denied access. Basically, this selective access can be done by an animal detection in the entrance area of the feed station. However, because often the kittens do not carry any animal identification data and data elements, it is often advantageous to provide a selective barrier which may, for example, be in a barrier high enough to prevent the juveniles from overcoming the dams but allows an overcoming.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment, in one or more areas, in particular in all areas of the sow barn according to the invention, an area or facilities can be provided which serve to animate the animals to play. These may, for example, be areas in which balls, chewing objects or other objects to be manipulated by the animal are arranged and can be reached by the animals. Furthermore, games that work with optical stimuli for the animals, such as light games, can be provided. It is particularly preferred to monitor one, several or all game areas by means of a monitoring device such that the activity of the individual animals in this game area can be determined. These Monitoring device can be configured in a simple form so that the mere entry of the game area is detected by a farm animal and the livestock entering the game area is identified. About this statement, whether certain livestock are found in the game areas at all can then preferably also be determined whether the farm animal actively moves in the game area, for example by means of appropriate image analysis or by bearing data transmitters that are attached to the livestock so as to determine whether the animals have been active or inactive within the games area. The data thus obtained may then preferably be used in such a way that livestock identified as atypical with regard to their activity behavior by the monitoring device of the gaming area, for example because they are significantly more inactive or active than other livestock or as a predetermined normal value, are displayed to the livestock owner, to be able to examine these animals. In particular, such an identified inactive livestock in the feed station may be appropriately directed into the treatment area or provided with a color marker to address or signal the inactive state with such treatment. Significantly reduced activity can be detected in automated form when one or more of the following parameters is detected:
    • - The animal enters the game area rarely or not at all compared to other livestock within the sow stable or has very short attendance times, or
    • - The animal behaves more inactively within the game area than other farm animals of the sow stable, for example by traversing smaller distances within the game area or moving at a lower speed within the game area.
  • In a correspondingly reverse evaluation manner, a significantly increased atypical activity can be ascertained by a high frequency of visits, long presence times, large distances traveled within the gaming area and / or high speeds therein. These parameters can be performed, for example, by means of an animal recognition unit in the gaming area, in particular combined with a digital video surveillance of the gaming area and image evaluation of the video recordings, by tracking the sows within the gaming area by means of contour recognition.
  • A further preferred embodiment of the sow house is characterized by a water management device with an animal recognition unit, wherein the water management device is arranged and adapted to control the output of water to a farm animal through a utility tank in response to a signal from the animal recognition unit and / or a heat management device arranged and configured to transfer heat, in particular heat recovered from exhaust air, from a first area of the sow house or an adjacent house to a second area of the sow house, in particular into the throw area, and / or heat from a first area of a throw box, in particular one Sauliegefläche, in a second area of a throwing box, in particular a piglet nest to transfer.
  • Preferably, the water management device is connected to a data processing device or has such a device, wherein in the data processing device information about individual animal water discharge quantities can be detected and stored. The water management device is preferably designed to block the release of water by the utility troughs for a specific farm animal, if for this farm animal, the animal-specific maximum amount of water in a given period, for example 24 hours, has already been delivered. A water management device has the advantage that playing with water by the livestock and the associated waste of water can be reduced.
  • Thermal management in a sow house is preferred, since there are different heat demands with different amounts of heat generated in different housing areas. Thus, for example, the littering area with juveniles, in particular the throwing boxes and therein the piglet nests, have an increased heat requirement. In fattening stables, which may be located adjacent to livestock rearing houses, however, more heat is often generated than is needed. In exhaust air systems, which are equipped with heat exchangers, for example, the heat can be recovered and the areas in a sow house, where there is an increased heat demand, are supplied. Alternatively or additionally, the heat transfer can also be realized over a smaller distance by dissipating the heat generated by a dam in a throwing box, for example, over a lying surface and, preferably via appropriate heat exchangers and / or heat transfer media, to a piglet nest in the throwing box.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment, a first and a second central feed station in the sow house spaced from each other and the first feed station comprises a first detection unit which is adapted to detect a body feature of a farm animal, the second feed station comprises a second, different from the first detection unit to the Detecting a second, different from the first body feature body feature of a farm animal is formed. With this training, a simplified structure of the feed stations is achieved and at the same time achieves a higher capacity for feed intake or detection on the farm animals within the sow stable. The feed stations can be constructed the same in principle, but have different detection units.
  • According to this preferred embodiment, the sow house according to the invention may also comprise two or more feeding stations. These feed stations are preferably both directly accessible from the living area for the animals. According to a first variant, the outputs of the respective feeding stations can be connected both to the treatment area and to the litter area of the sow house in order to be able to guide livestock from the feeding stations into the respective areas. Alternatively, more than one treatment area or more than one litter area may be present in the sow house, and the feeding stations do not route the livestock to a single treatment area or litter area but instead have their own litter areas or treatment areas. The embodiment with a plurality of feed stations has the advantage that overall higher capacities for feeding and status recording on the farm animals can be provided with the further advantage of avoiding grouping and congestion in the entry area of a feed station. The feeding stations can be designed to match each other, in particular they can be designed in such a way that the same body state or the same body conditions can be determined in the feeding stations on the livestock.
  • In a variant of this, the feeding stations can also be designed differently, in particular in such a way different that the feeding stations are designed to detect different body conditions of the animals. Thus, in a first feed station, a first body state of a farm animal can be determined by means of a correspondingly formed detection unit and in a second feed station a second body state different from the first body state can be determined on a farm animal by means of a suitably designed detection unit.
  • It is further preferred to provide a Nutztierleitvorrichtung for guiding the livestock to either the first or the second central feed station in the sow house. The variant with several feed stations in a sow house can by means of the livestock guiding device lead the livestock from one area, in particular from the area of residence, to one of several feeding stations. These guiding means for guiding the livestock can be designed in different ways. Thus, for example, a conducting agent can in principle be designed in such a way that it distributes the productive animals as uniformly as possible to the several central feeding stations in order to avoid group formation at a single feeding station. The aim of this type of guiding agent is to achieve efficient feed intake and use of the multiple feeding stations. The management of livestock can be done for example by appropriate optical means, such as a light control, acoustic means or olfactory agents. These means can be delivered depending on the time of day, generally time-dependent or depending on previous measurements and signal times derived therefrom.
  • In addition to this on the entire population and possibly in certain temporal rhythms taking place lead the livestock and an animal-specific management of livestock can be provided by appropriate Leitmittel. In this animal-specific management livestock are selectively fed to a specific central feed station in order to be able to subject them there, for example, a specific state recognition. Thus, for example, a control may be included in the sow house according to the invention, which detects a farm animal in the entrance area of a first central feed station and makes use of previous measurement of the so-identified farm animal. If these previous measurements indicate that this livestock can be subjected to a sensible and, for example, temporal or biological examination in the central feed station in whose input area it is located in order to detect a specific body condition, this control device controls the input area of the central feed station so that this farm animal can reach a feed stand in this feeding station. Otherwise, if the livestock is not to be fed to a state detection in this central feed station, but must be fed to a state detection in another central feed station, the livestock is not allowed access to a feed stand in this first central feed station. The rejected animal will then either go to another central feeding station on its own initiative. This may optionally be supported by appropriate routing means.
  • In a particularly preferred embodiment, a multi-functional unit for carrying out measures on livestock, in particular pigs, is integrated in the central feed station. This multi-functional unit preferably comprises a first receiving area for receiving a body area of exactly one farm animal, in particular a pork neck, having an entrance and an exit, whereby a livestock can enter through the entrance into the receiving area and exit the exit from the receiving area, and with a first functional unit for performing a measure on a livestock, and a second receiving area for receiving a body region of exactly one livestock, in particular a pork neck, having an entrance and an exit, whereby a livestock can enter the reception area through the entrance and exit the reception area from the exit, and with a second functional unit for performing a measure on a livestock wherein the receiving areas coupled to each other and movable, in particular movable, are arranged so that either one of the receiving areas is arranged in a central position, from which a farm animal can enter the receiving area.
  • The multi-functional unit is particularly suitable for pig husbandry and piggery, which are also referred to below as an application example. However, the multifunctional unit can also be used in the housing and rearing of other farm animals.
  • With a multifunction unit with a first and a second recording area, d. H. With a device that provides different areas in which, for example, examinations or treatments can be carried out, these measures, in particular various measures, can be carried out on livestock in a particularly economical and reliable manner.
  • The two receiving areas of the multi-functional unit are each designed to accommodate at least a part, namely a body area, of exactly one livestock. A receiving area can be, for example, a three-dimensional, approximately cuboid area into which a farm animal can pass through an entrance and through an exit. Preferably, the livestock can run independently into the receiving area and run out of this. The direction in which a livestock returns through the entrance into the receiving area and out of the exit of the receiving area may be referred to as the passage direction of the receiving area. The receiving area is preferably delimited by side walls, grating or the like so that a farm animal can reach the receiving area only through the entrance and leave only through the exit again. Input and / or output of the receiving area can be designed to be closed. A receiving area can be defined for example by two sufficiently high, substantially parallel side boundaries, wherein the bottom of the receiving area is formed by a stable floor and the receiving area is open at the top. The side boundaries are preferably sufficiently high that a livestock can not overcome them. In the case of flying or flying farm animals, an upper boundary of the receiving area is also advantageous. Input and output of the receiving area may be formed between the side boundaries.
  • A receiving area is preferably dimensioned such that at least a part of a farm animal finds room therein. In particular, it is preferred if a trunk of a farm animal can be accommodated in the receiving area. By this is meant, for example, that a pig with his head first runs through the entrance into the receiving area and leaves with his head the receiving area through the exit again, but is from the neck to the tail including the legs standing in the receiving area. It is particularly preferred if at least the rear part of a farm animal can be accommodated in the receiving area. Alternatively, the receiving area can be dimensioned such that a smaller body area of a farm animal or the entire farm animal find space in it. The standing position of a livestock in the receiving area can be defined by a front and / or rear boundary, in order to ensure in this way that the livestock is at a certain position in the receiving area with respect to the passage direction.
  • The first and second receiving areas each have a first or second functional unit for carrying out at least one measure on a farm animal. Preferably, the first and second functional units differ, so that different measures can be carried out on a livestock in the first and second receiving areas. Furthermore, two or more functional units may be provided in a receiving area, for example, to increase the reliability in a redundant embodiment with two identical functional units or to increase the number in a receiving area feasible various measures in design with different functional units. The first and / or the second functional unit may preferably be designed as a detection unit for detecting a body condition of a farm animal. Furthermore, it is preferred that the first and / or second functional unit comprises and / or can be connected to a data evaluation device.
  • Possible measures that can be performed by the functional units include, for example, temperature measurements, body fat measurements, pregnancy studies, Noise detection, vaccinations, medication, hoof care, eye care or massage.
  • Preferably, it is possible to optionally arrange the first or the second receiving area in a central position. In the central position, preferably only one receiving area can always be arranged. This central position is a position from which a livestock can pass through the entrance into the receiving area, which is in the central position. The central position is preferably a position within the feeding station. For this purpose, for example, the entrance area can be provided with a door or a closable passage, which can block or release the access of livestock from the entrance of the reception area. It is particularly preferred if the entrance area is designed to recognize individual farm animals, for example by reading out a data carrier or data element arranged on the livestock, for example an RFID tag attached to the animal's ear or a subcutaneously implanted data element, and depending on this livestock identification to release or block access to the entrance of the reception area located in the central position. Furthermore, it is preferred that the one of the two receiving areas, which is not in the central position, can not be entered by a farm animal.
  • The receiving areas are preferably movable, in particular movable, designed. Moving the receiving areas can be done for example by manual intervention of a livestock owner or his staff, but preferably driven for example by an electric motor. For this purpose, the receiving areas are coupled to each other, for example mechanically and / or control technology, so that the paths of the receiving areas are matched to one another in such a way that the receiving area determined in a situation is movable into the central position. The central position need not necessarily be centered, but each of the receiving areas must be movable to the central position.
  • It is preferred that the feeding station is provided at the exit of the receiving area arranged in the central position. Furthermore, it is preferred that the exit area with the livestock guide adjoins the exit of the receiving area in the central position. In particular, it is preferred that the Nutztierleitvorrichtung the livestock depending on the action carried out and / or their result in a particular area directs.
  • The multifunction unit has the advantage that different functions can be provided at one and the same location at a central position by selectively arranging the first or second receiving area. A livestock entering the central position through the entrance area will be directed to those of the two reception areas located in the central position. In this way, the implementation of different measures can be carried out on livestock with less complexity in animal and space management: The livestock must have access only to the central position, regardless of which of the measures to be carried out. The moving, in particular method, the receiving areas can be done quickly and efficiently, especially if a favorable arrangement and coupling of the receiving areas is chosen, as shown in more detail below. The space required to carry out the different measures is small, since only the space required for another measure to be performed, namely the second receiving area, is additionally depicted. The rest of the stable architecture, in particular living areas and the entrance area, on the other hand, have to be designed only for the one central position, which is advantageously located in the feeding station; In this central position, however, different receiving areas can be provided for carrying out different measures with minimal space requirements. This has the particular advantage that a close-meshed implementation of measures can be particularly easily realized by the regular and independent frequenting of the feed station by the livestock.
  • The multi-functional unit can also comprise more than two receiving areas, wherein preferably further receiving areas are analogous or similar to the first and / or second receiving area and preferably each have at least one further functional unit for performing a measure identical to the first and / or second functional unit or is formed differently from these. Even when several receiving areas are provided, it is preferred that in each case only one of the receiving areas can be arranged in the central position, but in principle all receiving areas can be moved into the central position.
  • Preferably, the multifunction unit has a control unit which is designed to arrange one of the receiving areas in the central position, depending on an input signal, in particular a signal of a livestock identification device or an animal identification unit.
  • Particular advantages arise when it is made dependent on an input signal, whether the first or the second receiving area is moved to the central position or there remains arranged. If, for example, the signal of a livestock identification device is used as the input signal, which preferably controls the access of livestock to the central position, that of the receiving areas can be arranged in the central position, which is designed to carry out the measure required for the identified livestock.
  • It is particularly preferred that the first functional unit is a noise detection unit which is designed to detect a state of intoxication of the farm animal. The noise detection unit is preferably also configured to pass on the determined state of intoxication of the livestock as a detection signal to a data processing unit. Such a data processing unit may be part of or connected to the multifunction unit.
  • Preferably, the noise detection unit is formed as a device as shown in FIG EP 1 300 119 B1 is described.
  • In a particularly preferred embodiment, the noise detection unit comprises a simulation device which is designed and arranged to come into contact with one or more body locations of a farm animal and to exert a pressure and / or a movement. It is particularly preferred if the simulation device is designed and arranged to come into contact with the flanks and the back of a pig's swamp and to exert a pressure and / or a movement.
  • With this simulation device, the natural insemination process can be simulated by popping a male farm animal on the hindquarters of a female farm animal. By evaluating the behavior of the female farm animal in this situation conclusions about the state of intoxication can be drawn. For example, when a sow is noisy and is jumped by a boar, it falls into a typical for the noise typical low-motion rigidity. If, when the simulation device is activated, this rigid state is detected, there is an indication of the noisy nature of the livestock.
  • The simulation device preferably comprises a plurality of actuator-actuated, in particular pneumatically actuated, simulation elements. Preferably, two of the simulation elements are arranged laterally substantially vertically to the touch of the flanks of a farm animal. Preferably, another of the simulation elements is arranged substantially horizontally for contacting the back of a farm animal. By the two lateral and the upper simulation element can be simulated in a particularly advantageous manner, the emergence of a male farm animal. These simulation elements may, for example, be designed in the shape of a roll and comprise a plastic material.
  • After a livestock has entered the receiving area, the two laterally arranged simulation elements are preferably moved substantially horizontally toward the livestock to exert pressure on the flanks. The substantially horizontally arranged simulation element is preferably moved down to exert pressure on the back of the farm animal from above. The horizontal simulation element and / or the lateral simulation elements may then preferably perform a regular forward-backward movement to simulate movements of a male farm animal.
  • As an alternative or in addition to the simulation device, the noise detection unit preferably has an optical recognition device with which one or more body features and / or behavioral characteristics of a farm animal can be detected and preferably evaluated.
  • With a camera and preferably a corresponding image analysis, it can be determined, for example in combination with the simulation device described above, whether the noise-typical rigid state occurs, so that a noise condition can be deduced on the basis of this behavior characteristic. Alternatively or additionally, it is also possible, for example with a camera, to use a body feature, such as a vulvar killing, to detect a state of intoxication.
  • Furthermore, the noise detection unit may additionally or alternatively comprise means for detecting behavioral characteristics of a farm animal. In addition to optical means, such as a camera, this can be, for example, means for the mechanical or acoustic detection of movements of a farm animal. The means may for example be designed as motion sensors or noise sensors.
  • By detecting and evaluating two or more different features, the reliability of determining a state of intoxication can be increased.
  • Particularly preferred is an embodiment in which the horizontal simulation element and / or the lateral simulation elements perform a rolling movement only from the rear end of the animal in the direction of the animal center, there removed from the animal and returned to the rear end, from where the movement can be repeated and be controlled by means of a correspondingly designed control device so. This is preferably due to the anatomy of the livestock, especially sows: The relatively far-reaching buttocks with the pelvic bone of a sow would result in a rolling movement of the simulation elements from the middle to the back of the animal to a wedging of the simulation elements and thus to pain in the animal. Also due to the anatomy of the spine, the horizontal simulation element should only roll forward from the animal's end. Furthermore, a front-to-back movement would counteract an animal's escape reflex, which is undesirable.
  • In order to further reduce the burden on the animal, it is further preferred that the lateral simulation elements be passively tracked lateral movements of the animal. As a result, the animal can move laterally, while at the same time the pressure can be maintained substantially uniformly by the lateral simulation elements. This can be achieved according to the invention in particular by the two lateral simulation elements being fastened to a common holding frame and being able to be actuated actuated relative to the frame in order to exert the lateral pressure on the flanks of the animal. The holding frame itself, however, is guided horizontally movable and can passively follow the movement of the sow.
  • Furthermore, it is preferred that the multifunction unit, in particular noise detection unit, has the above-described means for selectively blocking or releasing the optical, olfactory and / or acoustic perception of corresponding signals from an activation exposure area, preferably selected from the following list:
    • - movable screens,
    • Sound opening and a movable soundproofing means for soundproof closing of this sound opening,
    • Acoustic means for emitting an acoustic signal,
    • Olfactory agents for delivering an olfactory signal or for removing an existing olfactory signal,
    and by control means for driving this / these means (s).
  • In a further preferred embodiment, it is provided that the second functional unit is a pregnancy detection unit which is designed to determine a pregnancy status of the farm animal and is preferably further configured to pass on the detected pregnancy status of the farm animal as a detection signal to a data processing unit.
  • In particular, it is preferred that the pregnancy detection unit is designed as a device for pregnancy testing on livestock, as shown in the DE 20 2010 012 336 U1 is described.
  • Furthermore, it is particularly preferred for the first and second receiving regions to be arranged adjacent to one another in such a way that a first passage direction which extends from the entrance to the exit of the first receiving area and a second passage direction which extends from the entrance to the exit of the second receiving area are arranged parallel to each other. This preferred arrangement of the two receiving areas parallel to each other allows a particularly space-saving design and movability movability of the two receiving areas in the central position.
  • It is particularly preferred that the first and second receiving area are movable together on a straight path, in particular movable, are arranged. In particular, it is preferable to arrange the straight path orthogonal to a direction of passage extending from the entrance to the exit of the first and / or second receiving area. Preferably, the two mutually parallel receiving areas between an arrangement in which the first receiving area is in the central position in a second arrangement in which the second receiving area is in the central position, on a straight path back and forth movable, in particular movable , This embodiment is preferred because it saves space and has short and straight paths.
  • According to a further aspect, a multi-functional unit for implementing measures on livestock, in particular pigs, is provided, comprising a first receiving area for receiving a body area of exactly one livestock, in particular a pig's swamp, with an entrance and an exit, wherein a livestock through the entrance in enter the receiving area and can emerge from the exit from the receiving area, and with a first functional unit for performing a measure on a farm animal, and a second receiving area for receiving a body area of exactly one livestock, in particular a pig's swamp, with an input and an output wherein a livestock can enter through the entrance into the receiving area and exit from the exit from the receiving area, and with a second functional unit for performing a measure on a farm animal, which is characterized in that the Receiving areas are accessible via a common input area, from which a farm animal, preferably in response to a result of an animal identification measure, optionally in one of the two reception areas can be directed. This embodiment may also be a preferred embodiment of one of the above-described multifunction units.
  • According to this aspect or this embodiment, the possibility is created to provide animal-specific access to two different receiving areas starting from an entrance area, so that measures can be taken in parallel on two livestock. By animal-specific control can also be specified, which livestock gets into which receiving area with which functional unit, which is particularly advantageous in different training of the functional units.
  • It is further preferred that the each of the two receiving areas having an output area with a Nutztierleitvorrichtung, and Nutztierleitvorrichtungen are designed such that a farm animal in each of the output areas can be passed through the Nutztierleitvorrichtung in a first or a second area, preferably in dependence a measure carried out in the respective reception area and / or its result.
  • In this way, a selection or separation of the livestock can take place when they leave the multi-functional unit, for example, depending on which measure was performed on the farm animal or depending on a result, for example, carried out by a functional unit investigation.
  • In particular, it is preferable that the first area into which a farm animal can be guided from one of the exit areas is identical to the first area into which a farm animal can be guided from the other of the exit areas and is preferably a residence area, and each second areas into which a livestock can be guided out of the exit areas are separate areas and preferably a treatment area and a litter area.
  • This embodiment is particularly advantageous in a stable architecture that provides different areas for the livestock. For example, the multifunction unit can be accessible from a residence area and can also guide livestock from both exit areas back into the occupied area. In addition, livestock can be led into each of a further area, which differs from the first area, preferably the residence area, of each of the exit areas. Thus, a separation is made possible, which can be based on a preselection, in which the two receiving areas a farm animal is directed. From one of the two exit areas, in which the functional unit is preferably a noise detection unit, preferably a residence area and a treatment area are accessible from the other of the two exit areas, in which the functional unit is preferably a pregnancy detection unit, preferably the residence area and a throw area.
  • For all of the mentioned aspects and embodiments of the multifunctional unit, it is further preferred that one of the two or both receiving areas each have a feeding site for receiving feed by exactly one livestock, preferably a receiving area with a feeding site being part of a feeding stand.
  • The combination of the provided in the receiving areas functional units for implementing measures with a feed supply has the advantage that the livestock are motivated to visit the multifunction unit regularly voluntarily and thus can be ensured that a close-meshed implementation of measures on the livestock is possible.
  • Further details of the multifunctional unit are described in the applicant's parallel utility model application of the same date.
  • The invention is implemented according to a further aspect by the above-described method for raising livestock. For the course of this process, the training opportunities and detailed embodiments, reference is made to the above description. For this purpose, it is to be understood that the respective process sequences underlying the further training of the sow stable are also included in the invention as a further development of the method according to the invention.
  • A preferred embodiment of the invention will be explained with reference to the accompanying figures. Show it:
  • 1 a schematic plan view of a piglet rearing house according to the invention;
  • 2 : An enlarged view of a feed station of piglet rearing stalls according to 1 ;
  • 3 a first three-dimensional view of a multifunction unit for integration in a feed station;
  • 4 a second three-dimensional view of the multifunction unit according to 3 ;
  • 5 : a section through the multifunction unit according to 4 ;
  • 6 a side view of the multifunction unit according to 3 ;
  • 7 a three-dimensional view of an exemplary embodiment of a throw box according to the invention with closed box access door;
  • 8th : the throwing box according to 7 with opened upper door section and closed lower door section;
  • 9 : the throwing box according to 7 with closed upper door section and remote lower door section; and
  • 10 : the throwing box according to 7 with opened upper door section and remote lower door section.
  • The piglet rearing house includes a common area 10 that is adjacent to a treatment area 20 and of this by blocking elements 11 . 12 is separated, so that an independent transition of the sows from the common area in the treatment area and vice versa is not possible. An independent transition is to be understood as meaning that a sow can move from one to the other without the intervention of a person responsible for the breeding.
  • Furthermore, adjacent to the residence area and the treatment area is a throw area 200 arranged, which in turn is so separated from the residence area and the treatment area by separating elements that an independent transition of animals from one to the other area is not possible.
  • Central in the pig breeding barn according to the invention is a feeding station 100 arranged. The feeding station 100 has an entrance area 110 , the two entrance doors 111 . 112 includes. Through the front door 111 sows can enter the feeding station from the common area and have access to a feeding station 113 to get. Through the front door 112 sows from the litter area can enter the feeding station and gain access to the feeding site. The entrance doors 111 . 112 are equipped with animal detection sensors, so that it is detected which sow is in front of the door and can be determined by means of a data comparison with a data storage unit, whether this sow has already received the daily ration assigned to her feed or not. Depending on this adjustment, the respective sow is allowed or not allowed access to the feeding site by the respective entrance door being unlocked or not.
  • In the feeding station is a detection unit 130 arranged, which on a sow who is in the feeding place, can detect a state. On the one hand, this detection unit is designed to carry out a pregnancy examination by means of an ultrasound examination. If a pregnancy is determined on the animal and further determined on the basis of animal identification and stored data that the pregnancy has progressed so far that within a predetermined period of the litter of the young is to be expected, the pregnant sow from the feeding place in the Guided throw area. This line is made by appropriate actuator actuation of control devices 141 . 142 . 143 in the exit area 140 the feeding station. Pregnant dams, whose gestation lasts only for a predetermined period of time and in which the litter is not to be expected within the predetermined period of time, are actuated by appropriate actuator actuation of the guide devices in the exit region 140 back to the lounge area 10 directed. In 2 is the feeding station 100 with a two-part exit area 140 Shown: A first exit area 140a corresponds to the in 1 illustrated output range 140 , In addition, there is a second output area 140b provided, which represents an additional Leitmöglichkeit for livestock.
  • Furthermore, the detection unit comprises 130 a noise detection device. For this purpose, adjacent to the feeding site is a boar area 40 formed, which is separated from the other areas, so that a boar can move only in this area and can not leave the area independently. Between boar area 40 and feeding place 113 is through a viewing window 41 allows the sow in the feeding site to perceive the boar visually, acoustically and by smell. In the behavior of the sow in response to these perceptions, a state of intoxication can be detected. Thus, it can be determined by appropriate image acquisition or mechanical movement detection of the sow, whether this lapses in the perception of the boar in a rigid state or is largely unimpressed by the boar or shows an escape behavior. If a state of intoxication is determined on the basis of the entering rigid state of the sow, the sow is activated in the exit area by appropriate actuation of the guide elements 140 the feeding station in the treatment area 20 headed there to perform insemination of the sow. In order to prevent the sow from remaining in the feeding place, the stimuli emanating from the boar are created by closing the window 41 , Spraying a disinfectant in their effect prevented, so that the sow is induced to leave the feeding place.
  • By correspondingly manually or automatically operated doors 42 it is possible the boar from the incentive stay area 40 in the treatment area 20 to carry out a natural fertilization of the sow.
  • A sow located in the treatment area can not be independently returned to the occupied area, but must instead by opening a corresponding transitional door 12 be transferred there.
  • The throwing area 200 is subdivided into a dwelling area 210 and several throw boxes 220a f. Every throw box 220a -F is through a horizontally separated door 221a -F with two separately opening door sections from the dormitory area 210 separated and preferably has a movable bottom in the form of an endless conveyor belt. The endless conveyor belt is oriented such that it makes a slow movement towards the door to the dwelling area, thereby keeping the throwing boxes clean 220a -F causes.
  • Mothers and kittens can stay in the litter boxes and in the litter room. The respective access is controlled by appropriate control of the doors and door sections between the throwing boxes and the throwing residence area. Furthermore, dams from the dormitory area can be accessed via the front door 112 into the central feeding station 100 be directed. As long as, as determined by the animal detection sensors, that the mother is to continue to be available for the breeding of juveniles, the respective mother is led from the feed station back into the throwing area. After a predetermined period of time, when the juveniles are separated from the mother, the mother animal leaves the feeding station 100 in the animal stay area 10 directed.
  • The cubs can be moved from the animal stay area to a central poultry feed station 230 enter. Here, depending on the age of the juveniles, a distribution of these juveniles in a first juvenile feed area 231 for small cubs and a second poultry feed area 232 for big animals. From the fields 231 . 232 The kittens may return independently back to the littering area, preferably through one-way gates which allow only the young animals to exit the littering area, but not into the hatchery areas 231 . 231 from the dormitory area.
  • Access of the young to the central feeding station 100 is not possible and is due to lack of a corresponding animal detection signal by the animal detection sensor on the door 112 prevented. Alternatively or additionally, a selective blocking device could be provided which can not be overcome by the juveniles, but which can be overcome by dams to reach the entrance area of the central feeding station.
  • Distribution of kittens on the area 231 or 232 takes place depending on the weight of the kittens in the input selection area 235 the young animal feed station is measured. In principle it can be provided that juveniles, which have exceeded a certain weight, in the feeding area 232 be kept for large young animals to be moved from there after a few days in another stable area. Furthermore, it is possible that young animals from the area 232 in the lounge area 10 transgress what is achieved by automatically operated or manually opened doors.
  • In the 3 to 6 is an embodiment of a multifunction unit 5 for implementing measures on pigs. The multifunction unit 5 includes a first receiving area 500 with an entrance 510 and an exit 530 and a second recording area 600 with an entrance 610 and an exit 630 , The passage directions of the two receiving areas 500 . 600 , each from the entrance 510 . 610 to the exit 530 . 630 extend are arranged parallel to each other.
  • The two parallel receiving areas are coupled together and together via the electric motor 710 a drive unit 700 and the toothed rack rails 720 driven, so that they are arranged to be movable on a straight path orthogonal to the passage directions. The two receiving areas point to their respective frame racks 550 . 650 arranged rolls 740 on that in corresponding rails 730 run. The rails 730 as well as the toothed rack rails 720 are dimensioned such that both the first receiving area 500 as well as the second recording area 600 optionally can be arranged in a central position that a certain position of the respective receiving area in the longitudinal direction of the rails 730 or toothed rack rails 720 equivalent.
  • The first and second recording areas are in the 3 to 6 illustrated embodiment of frame racks 550 . 650 limited. At the lateral boundaries can, preferably removable, side walls 520 . 620 be arranged. In 3 is the first recording area without the in 4 shown first side wall 520 shown to release the view into the first recording area. The inputs 510 . 610 and outputs 530 . 630 extend between each two sufficiently high, substantially parallel side boundaries. At the bottom, the receiving areas are limited by the footprint on which the multifunction unit 5 is arranged, for example, a stable floor.
  • The reception areas 500 . 600 are sized so that a pig through the respective entrance 510 . 610 can get into the recording area and through the respective output 530 . 630 the respective recording area 500 . 600 can leave again. The reception areas 500 . 600 In particular, they are so long in the direction of passage that they can take up a pig's puddle, that is to say that a pig can be arranged standing approximately in the receiving area from neck to tail. The pig's head can protrude through the respective exit into an exit area in which, for example, a feed dispenser can be arranged.
  • The first recording area 500 has a first functional unit 540 on, which is designed as a noise detection unit. The second recording area 600 has a second functional unit 640 on that as a pregnancy detection unit 800 is trained.
  • In the in 3 the situation shown is, for example, the second receiving area 600 in the central position. The rails 730 as well as the toothed rack rails 720 extend over the second receiving area 600 out in sufficient length so that the two receiving areas 500 . 600 can be moved so that the first receiving area 500 located in the central position. Preferably located in the direction of passage in front of the central position, that is in 3 before the second recording area 600 , the entrance area 110 a feeding station 100 a piglet rearing stable. Preferably, in the entrance area 110 the entry of pigs to the entrance of the receiving area located in the central position is blocked or released, preferably as a function of a signal of the livestock identification device. Preferably, such a signal of a livestock identification device is also used to control which of the receiving areas 500 . 600 to move or remain in the central position, depending on which livestock access over the entrance area 110 obtained. To the exit of the central area receiving area, in 3 thus the second recording area 600 , an exit area preferably closes 140 with a Nutztierleitvorrichtung with at least one actuator-actuated guide element, whereby a pig, preferably in response to the signal of the livestock identification device and / or the action taken and / or its result, in two, three or more different subsequent areas can be passed. The design of the receiving areas 500 . 600 their coupling and mobility as well as their integration into access and exit areas as well as other elements of a sow house are independent of the type of functional units used and can also be used with other than those in the 3 to 6 shown functional units are used.
  • For example, if a sow walks through the entrance area 110 the multifunction unit approaches and is recognized by a livestock identification device as previously non-pregnant and not inseminated livestock, the multifunction device is preferably controlled so that the receiving area 500 with the noise detection unit 540 is in the central position and the sow is examined to see whether a state of intoxication and an insemination process can be initiated. If this is the case, the non-pregnant pig, identified as being noisy, can leave the receiving area 500 in the central position by a subsequent Nutztierleitvorrichtung in the treatment area 20 where an insemination procedure can be carried out. If the noise detection indicates that there is no intoxication state, the sow can enter the residence area through a livestock guide device 10 be directed.
  • Be a sow in the entrance area 110 recognized by the livestock identification device as a pregnant or inseminated livestock, the multifunction unit is preferably controlled so that the second receiving area 600 with the pregnancy detection unit 640 is in the central position and a pregnant sow is examined for the progress of pregnancy or a sow inseminated for the presence of a pregnancy. Depending on the outcome of the pregnancy test, sows whose pregnancy has progressed so far that a piglet can be expected to die within a certain time window, can enter a litter area through the livestock incubator following the exit 210 whereas the sows, whose gestation is still at an early stage, pass through the livestock rearing facility to a residence area 10 can be directed.
  • The noise detection unit 540 comprises a simulation device with two lateral, substantially vertically aligned simulation elements 541 . 542 to touch the flanks of a sow. The two lateral simulation elements 541 . 542 are preferably formed as plastic rollers. By means of preferably pneumatic actuators, the lateral simulation elements can exert pressure on the flanks of the sow and optionally perform a forward-backward movement in the direction of passage. The noise detection unit 540 also has a substantially horizontally oriented simulation element 543 to touch the back of the sow. Also the horizontal simulation element 543 is preferably formed as a plastic roller and can be pressed by a preferably pneumatic actuator from above the back of the sow and optionally carry out a forward-backward movement in the direction of passage to simulate the popping and the movements of a boar. The simulation elements 541 . 542 . 543 are on a movable holding and actuating device 560 arranged.
  • The following is the pregnancy detection unit 800 trained second functional unit 640 shown in more detail. At the second reception area 600 two longitudinal struts extend 821 . 822 parallel and symmetrical to the direction of passage of a front frame strut to a rear frame strut and are connected to the frame 650 welded. A vertical strut 830 is above the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 arranged and extends in the vertical direction. The vertical strut 830 is horizontal along the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 displaceable. On the vertical strut 830 is a recording block 840 vertically displaceable. The recording block 840 can by means of an actuator in the vertical direction along the vertical strut 830 be moved. Due to the combined translational displacement of the vertical strut 830 along the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 and the recording block 840 along the vertical strut 830 can the recording block 840 in two axes each in a particular, by the dimensions of the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 and the vertical strut 830 defined area are moved and positioned.
  • At the recording block 840 is a strap 850 attached, extending in a horizontal direction and perpendicular to the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 through the recording block 840 extends. The coat hanger 850 is outside the recording block 840 curved downward on both sides and extends in this way laterally outside of the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 , two sections of the bracket extending laterally of the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 vertically down. At the end of the vertically downwardly extending sections is on both sides in each case a multi-link link chain 861 . 862 attached to the temple tips and extends vertically downwards. At the end of this particular link chain 861 . 862 is a holder 871 . 872 arranged. The holder 871 . 872 is adapted to receive an ultrasonic probe.
  • The 3 to 6 show the pregnancy detection unit 800 in a position in which the receiving block 840 almost to the lower end of the vertical strut 830 is lowered. In this lowered position, the bracket extends 50 down to the lounge area and the bar 50 arranged link chains 61 . 62 run laterally along the body of a farm animal. By lowering the recording block 840 along the vertical strut 830 and prior, simultaneous or subsequent method of vertical strut 830 along the longitudinal struts 821 can the brackets 871 . 872 be positioned with the ultrasound measuring heads arranged thereon on the farm animal to be examined in the region of a desired measuring position. For the purpose of such positioning, an outline photograph of the livestock can be taken from above or from the side, in order thereby to determine the desired measuring position on the basis of an image evaluation and pre-stored data on corresponding measuring positions. For this purpose, one or more corresponding image recording devices may be provided.
  • The coat hanger 850 is in the recording block 840 pivoted and can move by pivoting about a horizontal axis such that the brackets 871 . 872 at the end of the link chains 861 . 862 Forward or backward movements of the farm animal can follow.
  • As in particular from 3 to recognize, includes each link chain 861 . 862 a plurality of chain links. Each chain link is pivotally connected to the adjacent chain link. This pivotal connection is provided by an axis that is horizontal and parallel to the longitudinal struts 821 . 822 runs. The pivot axes of the link chains 861 . 862 lie close to the outside of the chain links inside the link chain.
  • Furthermore, runs inside the link chain 861 . 862 Preferably, a cable extending from the lower chain link connected to the holder, starting in the direction of the upper chain link and from there on through the interior of the retaining clip 850 runs. In the area next to the recording block 840 is this cable from the receiving bracket 850 led out and can by an actuator 841 be put under train. The actuator 841 at the same time puts those in the link chain 861 and the link chain 862 running two cables under train. The cables run near the inner wall of the link chains 861 . 862 and thus spaced from the pivot axes of the chain links of these link chains 861 . 862 , As a result, when the cables are put under tension, a torque acting about these pivot axes is created, which causes the cables to move link chains 861 . 862 deform such that they occupy an outwardly convex and thus inwardly concave shape and in this case the brackets 871 . 872 to move towards each other.
  • This, caused by train to the cables deformation of the link chains 861 . 862 and movement of the brackets 871 . 872 causes the link chains 861 . 862 attach to the body surface of the farm animal in a virtually pressure-free manner and the brackets 871 . 872 to the desired measuring position of such kind introduce that in the brackets 871 . 872 recorded ultrasonic head hangs on the skin surface.
  • The 7 to 10 show an exemplary embodiment of a throwing box 1000 in different opening states.
  • The throwing box 1000 has a box access door 1100 with a lower door section 1110 and a separate from this lower door section 1110 to be moved upper door section 1120 on. The box access door 1100 is in a throwbox frame with walls 1001 integrated that over posts 1002 are connected, including the door jambs for the box access door 1100 as a post 1002 can be trained.
  • In 7 is the box access door 1100 the throwing box 1000 completely closed, in 10 however, completely open. 8th shows a partial opening situation in which only the upper door section 1120 opened, but the lower is closed. In 9 another partial opening situation is shown in which only the lower door section 1110 opened, but the upper is closed.
  • The lower door section 1110 is formed in the embodiment shown here flat closed, whereas the upper door portion 1120 latticed with struts 1121 is trained.
  • Due to the lattice-shaped design of the upper door section 1120 can put more light in the throwing box 1000 in particular, in a preferred throwing box stay area 1220 near the box access door 1100 , Mother animals in the throwing box 1000 can through the grid in social contact with outside the throwing box 1000 maternal animals occur, z. B. by visual contact or olfactory signals. Even people who are throwing box 1000 can be recognized earlier by the animals.
  • The upper door section 1120 can in the closed state, as in the 7 and 9 represented by a locking mechanism 1122 in its closed position on a door jamb 1002 be fixed.
  • At an upper end of the lower door section 1110 is a protection device 1111 arranged, which is designed here as a plastic roller. This protection device 1111 in particular serves, with the upper door section open 1120 Injuries to animals at an upper edge of the lower door section 1110 to avoid or reduce.
  • In the in the 7 to 10 illustrated embodiment, the lower door section 1110 and the protection device 1111 with fasteners 1101 at the door jamb 1002 the box access door 1100 releasably secured. Both the lower door section 1110 as well as the protection device 1111 are completely removable in this embodiment, the upper door section 1120 however, is pivotable about a vertical axis on a box access door post 1002 arranged. In an alternative embodiment, the lower door section 1110 and / or the protection device 1111 be arranged pivotable about a vertical axis and possibly a locking mechanism similar to the locking mechanism 1122 of the upper door section 1120 exhibit. Likewise, the upper door section 1120 also be designed to be completely detachable and preferably with fasteners similar to the fasteners 1101 of the lower door section 1110 and the protection device 1111 at the door jamb 1002 the box access door 1100 be releasably attached.
  • The division of the box access door 1100 in a lower door section 1110 and an upper door section 1120 has the advantage that these door sections can be opened separately from each other and thus control of animal movements in and out of the throwing box can be done. In the in 8th the situation shown is only the upper door section 1120 open. The lower door section 1110 with the protective device arranged above it 1111 has a height above the ground 1200 in the throwing box 1000 on, the young can not overcome. Also with opened upper door section 1200 The piglets thus remain within the throwing box as they pass through the lower door section 1110 leaving the throwing box 1000 be prevented. Adult mothers, on the other hand, can use the lower door section 1110 overcome and with open top door section 1120 the throw box 1000 leave. In order to avoid injury to the dams, especially on their Gesäuge, is designed as a plastic roller protection device 1111 arranged at an upper end of the lower door portion.
  • The protection device 1111 is relative to the lower door section 1110 can be variably fixed in a vertical direction. These are in the lower door section 1110 slots 1112 with fixing elements 1113 provided with which the relative height of the protection device 1111 to the upper end of the lower door section 1110 can be set variably. It is also preferred that the fasteners 1101 vertically in variable positions on the door jamb 1002 can be attached. In this way, a passage height, which is an upper edge of the combination of the lower door section 1110 and protection device 1111 is adapted to the size of a dam and / or to the piglet growth. Preferably, the protection device 1111 For this purpose, a longitudinal slot, which has a height adjustment corresponding vertical extent.
  • Also in the in 9 shown opening situation is the upper door section 1120 closed and over the locking mechanism 1122 fixed in this closed position. The lower door section 1110 as well as the protection device 1111 are removed. In this in 9 Opening situation shown in the throwing box 1000 Piglets are leaving this easily, because the lower door section 1110 is removed. However, dams can with closed upper door section 1120 the box access door 1100 not happen, because the height of the free space under the upper door section 1120 not enough to allow a mother to pass through.
  • In the in 10 shown opening situation of the throwing box 1000 is like in 8th the upper door section 1120 opened and as in 9 the lower door section 1110 as well as the protection device 1111 removed, ie in 10 is the box access door 1100 fully open. In this opening situation, both piglets and dams can open the box access door 1100 happen as you like.
  • The throwing box has a floor 1200 which is preferably formed by a driven endless conveyor belt and which can preferably be moved continuously or discontinuously in a conveying direction F directed away from the box access door. In the throw box 1000 are also preferably a feeding point 1320 as well as an impregnation device 1310 arranged. The throwing box 1000 preferably has a wet area and a dry area. The wet area is preferably in one of the box access door 1100 spaced area 1210 trained, in which also the feeding place 1320 and the soaking device 1310 are arranged and the animals prefer to secrete their excrement. Adjacent to the box access door 1100 is preferably a dry area in the area 1220 educated. The throwing box 1000 is further preferably formed and optionally provided with corresponding tempering, that two temperature ranges are formed, of which the first temperature range 1220 has a higher temperature and closer to the box access door 1100 is arranged and the second temperature range in a farther from the box access door 1100 spaced area 1210 is arranged and has a lower temperature. Preferably, the wet area and the low-temperature second temperature range are substantially in the same range 1210 formed and also the dry area and the higher tempered first temperature range in the same area 1220 educated. This area 1220 may also be referred to as a preferred piglet residence area in which a piglet nest is preferably formed.
  • Such a configuration with different temperature zones and preferably a wet and a dry area has the advantage that an area 1220 in the litter box, in which piglets are preferably present, is warm and dry and a separate or spaced area 1210 the litter box, where the mother sow can eat, drink and excrete excretions, is designed as a cooler wet area. In particular in combination with a trained as endless conveyor belt bottom 1200 , which is moved continuously or discontinuously in the conveying direction F, this embodiment has the advantage that excrement, leftover food or leaked from the potion and not absorbed by the animal water are transported out of the throwing box and the degree of contamination of the throwing box, especially in a preferred piglet stay area 1220 , can be kept low.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • EP 1300119 B1 [0098]
    • DE 202010012336 U1 [0111]

Claims (52)

  1. Sow barn comprising: a) a recreation area ( 10 ) adapted to freely receive a plurality of livestock b) one of the residence area ( 10 ) treated by first separation elements treatment area ( 20 ), which is designed to accommodate at least one livestock, c) one of the residence area ( 10 ) and the treatment area ( 20 ) separated by second separating elements throwing area ( 200 ) adapted to receive a plurality of livestock for a period before and after littering and around newborn livestock, d) a central feeding station ( 100 ), the feeding station ( 100 ) comprising: - a feed stand ( 113 ) with feeding station for receiving feed by exactly one livestock animal - an entrance area coinciding with the residence area ( 10 ) and preferably the throwing area ( 200 ) to allow livestock access to the feed stand ( 113 ), - a detection device ( 130 with a first detection unit for detecting a body condition of a farm animal, and - an exit area with a livestock guide device, which contains at least one movable, actuator-actuated guide element and is designed to transport the livestock from the feed station ( 100 ) optionally in the residence area ( 10 ) or in the treatment area ( 20 ) or optionally in the throwing area, and - an electronic data processing unit connected to the first detection unit ( 130 ) is signal-technically coupled to receive a detection signal and which is signal-technically coupled to the Nutztierleitvorrichtung for transmitting a drive signal for aktuatorbetätigte the guide element in response to the detection signal and which is designed to generate a drive signal for the Nutztierleitvorrichtung in response to the detection signal.
  2. Sow barn according to claim 1, characterized in that the first detection unit ( 130 ) is designed to detect a state of intoxication of the farm animal and pass it on to the data processing unit as a detection signal.
  3. Sow barn according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the detection device ( 130 ) comprises a second detection unit, which is designed to determine a pregnancy state of the farm animal and to pass it on as detection signal to the data processing unit.
  4. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by an incentive stay area ( 40 ) for a male livestock living in the habitat ( 10 ), the treatment area ( 20 ) and the throw area ( 200 ) is separated by separating elements and which is arranged such that from the feeding station ( 100 ) an optical, olfactory and / or acoustic perception of corresponding signals from the incentive residence area ( 40 ) is possible.
  5. Sow barn according to claim 4, characterized by means ( 41 ) for optionally blocking or releasing the optical, olfactory and / or auditory perception of corresponding signals from the incentive residence area ( 40 ), preferably selected from the following list: - movable screens, - sound opening and a movable soundproofing means for soundproofing of this soundhole, - acoustic means for emitting an acoustic signal, olfactory means for delivering an olfactory signal or removing - an existing olfactory signal, and by control means for driving this / these means (s).
  6. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by an animal identification unit arranged in the region of the central feed station, in particular a read-out unit for a data element arranged on the livestock with an animal-specific identification code, and in that the data processing unit is signal-technically coupled to the animal identification unit for transmitting an identification code in the central one Feed animal located livestock to the data processing unit.
  7. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the animal identification unit is arranged in the entrance area of the feeding station and that the data processing unit is designed to To control an access door to the feeding place in accordance with the signal of the animal recognition unit for opening and closing, To store state data of livestock from previous detection measurements in an electronic storage unit.
  8. The sow shed according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the central feeding station comprises a weighing device coupled to the data processing unit for detecting the weight of a livestock standing in the feed stand and the central data processing unit has an electronic data store for storing several Weight data from several sows in a time series assigned to the respective sow.
  9. A sow house according to one of the preceding claims 6-8, characterized in that the data processing unit is adapted to - To store the time of the presence of a farm animal in the central feed station with the animal identification code - To compare the presence times of a farm animal on successive days together and - In case of a deviation of the presence time of a single farm animal between two days to generate an electronic signal for more than a predetermined period of time. and / or um To store the order of livestock presence in the central feeding station on the basis of the animal identification codes of each animal, - Compare the presence order of the livestock on successive days together and In the event of a deviation of the position of a single livestock in the presence order, to generate an electronic signal by more than a predetermined number of positions between two days,
  10. A sow house according to one of the preceding claims 6-9, characterized in that the data processing unit is adapted to - to record weight measurements of the livestock on the basis of the animal identification codes of the individual animals, - Compare the weight measurement of a farm animal on consecutive days and / or To compare the weight measurement of a livestock with a previously stored normative weight development curve and / or In the case of a deviation of the measured weight of the individual livestock by more than a predetermined weight difference from the weight of the previous day, in particular if the weight of the individual livestock is reduced by more than a predetermined weight difference from that stored in the data processing unit, especially if the weight is reduced or The normative weight development curve derived setpoint to generate an electronic signal.
  11. A sow house according to the preceding claim 10, characterized in that the data processing unit is adapted to calculate a target weight value for a pregnant farm animal, depending on the insemination date, the amount of feed, the live weight on insemination date, and / or the throwing power of the previous litter of the farm animal is calculated on the basis of the stored normative weight development curve.
  12. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the throwing area ( 200 ) a littering area ( 210 ) and a plurality of throwing boxes ( 220a -F), which are separated by separating elements and a respective box access door from the throwing residence area.
  13. A sow house according to the preceding claim 11, characterized in that at least one of the box access doors is divided into a lower door section and an upper door section to be moved separately from said lower door section, the height of the substantially horizontal separation between the lower and upper door sections being above a Soil in the throw box is such that pups can not overcome the lower door section when the upper door section is open and dams can overcome the lower door section with the upper door section open.
  14. Sow barn according to the preceding claim 12 or 13, characterized in that in a throwing box a movable bottom is arranged, which is formed by a driven endless conveyor belt and which preferably has a conveying direction away from the box access door.
  15. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by a central juvenile feed station in the litter area ( 200 ), the juvenile feed station comprising: a. a feed stand with a feeding station for the feeding of feed by exactly one young animal, b. an entrance area that coincides with the throw area ( 200 ) and having a first selective barrier means adapted to catch juveniles from the litter area ( 200 ) to allow access to the feed stand and deny access to the feed stand for livestock larger than juveniles, c. at least one detection unit for detecting a body condition of a farm animal, in particular a weighing device or a size measuring device, and d. a livestock guide device including at least one movable, actuator-actuated guide element and adapted to move the baby optionally from the juvenile feed station back into the litter area (FIG. 200 ) or in a nursery area, e. an electronic data processing unit which is signal-technically coupled to the detection unit for receiving a detection signal and the signaling device with the Nutztierleitvorrichtung is coupled to transmit a drive signal for the actuator-actuated guide element in response to the detection signal.
  16. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by a second selective barrier device, which is designed to allow juveniles access to the central feed station ( 100 ) and livestock, which are larger than juveniles, access to the central feeding station ( 100 ).
  17. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by one or more game facilities for the livestock and preferably one or more with the Datenverarbeitunbgseinheit signal technically coupled monitoring device for detecting the activity of the individual animals at the / the game device (s).
  18. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, marked by A water management device having an animal recognition unit, wherein the water management device is arranged and designed to control the output of water to a farm animal by means of a livestock farm in response to a signal of the animal recognition unit, and or A thermal management device which is arranged and configured to transfer heat, in particular heat recovered from exhaust air, from a first area of the sow house or an adjacent house to a second area of the sow house, in particular into the throw area, and / or heat from a first area a throwing box, in particular a Sauliegefläche, in a second area of a throwing box, in particular a piglet nest to transfer.
  19. Sow barn according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a first and a second central feed station are spaced apart in the sow house and that The first feeding station comprises a first detection unit which is designed to detect a body feature of a farm animal, - The second feed station comprises a second, different from the first detection unit, which is designed to detect a second, different from the first body feature body feature of a farm animal.
  20. A sow house according to the preceding claim, characterized by a livestock guide device for guiding the livestock to either the first or the second central feeding station,
  21. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) for implementing measures on livestock, in particular pigs, comprising a first reception area ( 500 ) for receiving a body area of exactly one livestock, in particular a pig's swamp, with an entrance ( 510 ) and an output ( 530 ), wherein a livestock can enter through the entrance into the receiving area and exit from the exit from the receiving area, and with a first functional unit ( 540 ) for carrying out a measure on a farm animal, and a second receiving area ( 600 ) for receiving a body area of exactly one livestock, in particular a pig's swamp, with an entrance ( 600 ) and an output ( 630 ), wherein a livestock can enter through the entrance into the receiving area and exit from the exit from the receiving area, and with a second functional unit ( 640 ) for carrying out a measure on a farm animal, characterized in that the receiving areas ( 500 . 600 ) are coupled to each other and movably arranged so that either one of the receiving areas is arranged in a central position, from which a farm animal can enter the receiving area.
  22. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to the preceding claim, characterized by a control unit, which is formed, depending on an input signal, in particular a signal of a livestock identification device, one of the receiving areas ( 500 . 600 ) in the central position.
  23. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the two preceding claims, characterized in that the first functional unit ( 540 ) is a noise detection unit, which is designed to detect a state of intoxication of the farm animal and preferably further adapted to pass the detected state of intoxication of the farm animal as a detection signal to a data processing unit.
  24. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the noise detection unit ( 540 ) comprises a simulation device which is designed and arranged to come into contact with one or more body sites of a farm animal, in particular on the flanks and on the back of a pig's swamp, and to exert a pressure and / or a movement.
  25. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the simulation device comprises a plurality of actuator-actuated simulation elements, wherein preferably two of the simulation elements ( 541 . 542 ) laterally substantially vertically to the contact of the flanks of a farm animal and preferably one of the simulation elements ( 543 ) are arranged substantially horizontally to the touch of the back of a farm animal.
  26. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-25, characterized in that the noise detection unit ( 540 ) has an optical detection device, with which one or more body features and / or behavioral characteristics of a farm animal can be detected and preferably evaluated.
  27. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-26, characterized in that the noise detection unit ( 540 ) Comprises means for detecting behavioral characteristics of a farm animal.
  28. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-27, characterized by means ( 540 ) for optionally blocking or releasing the optical, olfactory and / or auditory perception of corresponding signals from an incentive exposure area, preferably selected from the following list: - movable screens, - sound opening and a movable sound stop means for soundproof closing of this sound opening, - acoustic means for dispensing an acoustic signal, - olfactory means for delivering an olfactory signal or for removing an existing olfactory signal, and control means for driving that / these means (s).
  29. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-28, characterized in that the second functional unit ( 640 ) a pregnancy detection unit ( 800 ), which is designed to detect a gestation condition of the farm animal and is preferably further adapted to pass on the determined pregnancy status of the farm animal as a detection signal to a data processing unit.
  30. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-29, characterized in that the first and second receiving area ( 500 . 600 ) are arranged adjacent to each other in such a way that a first passage direction extending from the entrance ( 510 ) to the exit ( 530 ) of the first receiving area, and a second passage direction extending from the entrance ( 610 ) to the exit ( 630 ) of the second receiving area, are arranged parallel to each other.
  31. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-30, characterized in that the first and second receiving areas ( 500 . 600 ) are arranged together movable on a straight path.
  32. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the straight track is orthogonal to one of the entrance ( 510 . 610 ) to the exit ( 530 . 630 ) of the first and / or second receiving area ( 500 . 600 ) is arranged extending passage direction.
  33. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims or the preamble of claim 21, wherein the receiving areas ( 500 . 600 ) are accessible via a common entrance area, from which a livestock, preferably depending on a result of an animal identification measure, can be selectively directed into one of the two reception areas.
  34. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the each of the two receiving areas has an exit area with a livestock guide, and the livestock guide devices are designed such that a livestock in each of the exit areas can be guided by the livestock guide into a first or a second area, preferably as a function of a measure carried out in the respective receiving area and / or its result.
  35. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the first area into which a livestock can be directed from one of the exit areas is identical to the first area into which a livestock can be led out of the other of the exit areas and is preferably a residence area , and the respective second areas, into which a livestock can be guided out of the exit areas, are separate areas and preferably a treatment area and a litter area.
  36. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-35, characterized in that one of the two or both receiving areas each having a feeding point for receiving feed by exactly one livestock, preferably form a receiving area with a feeding place a feed stand.
  37. Multifunction unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-36, characterized in that the multifunction unit more than two receiving areas, wherein preferably further receiving areas are formed analogously or similar to the first and / or second receiving area and preferably each have at least one further functional unit for performing a measure that is identical to or different from the first and / or second functional unit ,
  38. Feeding station ( 100 ) for feeding to exactly one livestock, comprising, a feed stand, a feeding site for receiving feed by exactly one livestock, an entrance area to allow livestock from this entrance area access to the feed stand, an exit area to the livestock exit from the feed stand characterized in that the feeding stand is a multifunctional unit ( 5 ) according to one of the preceding claims 21-37.
  39. Throwing box ( 1000 ) for a sow house, preferably a sow house according to one of the preceding claims 1-20, with a box access door ( 1100 ) divided into a lower door section and an upper door section to be moved separately from this lower door section, the height of the substantially horizontal separation between the lower and upper door sections above a floor in the throwing box being such that the rear door section is juvenile can not overcome with open upper door section and dams can overcome the lower door section with the upper door section open.
  40. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that at an upper end of the lower door section ( 1110 ) a protective device ( 1111 ), the injuries of the dams when crossing the lower door section ( 1110 ) reduces or avoids.
  41. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the two preceding claims, characterized in that the protective device ( 1111 ) is formed substantially cylindrical.
  42. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-41, characterized in that the protective device ( 1111 ) releasably attached to the lower door section ( 1110 ) or the throwing box ( 1000 ) is attached.
  43. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-42, characterized in that the height of the substantially horizontal separation between the lower door section ( 1110 ) and the upper door section ( 1120 ) is variable.
  44. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 40-43, characterized in that the protective device ( 1111 ) relative to the lower door section ( 1110 ) is variably fixable in a vertical direction.
  45. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-44, characterized in that the box access door ( 1100 ), in particular the lower door section ( 1110 ) and / or the upper door section ( 1120 ) and / or the protective device ( 1111 ) can be controlled automatically.
  46. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-45, characterized in that a control of the box access door ( 1100 ), in particular the lower door section ( 1110 ) and / or the upper door section ( 1120 ) and / or the protective device ( 1111 ) takes place pneumatically, electrically, hydraulically or mechanically.
  47. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-46, characterized in that a control for opening and / or closing the box access door ( 1100 ), in particular the lower door section ( 1110 ) and / or the upper door section ( 1120 ) and / or the protective device ( 1111 ), according to one or more predetermined criteria.
  48. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-47, characterized in that the upper door section ( 1120 ) is formed lattice-shaped.
  49. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-48, characterized in that the throwing box ( 1000 ) a first area ( 1210 ) and a second area ( 1220 ), wherein the first area is formed as a preferred litter box stay area and the second area is designed as a waste area.
  50. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-49, characterized in that - the first area ( 1210 ) closer to the box access door ( 1100 ) is arranged as the second area ( 1220 ), and / or - the first area ( 1210 ) has a higher temperature than the second region ( 1220 ), and / or the second area ( 1210 ) has a stronger air flow than the first area ( 1220 ), and / or - the first area ( 1210 ) has a different optical property than the second region ( 1220 ), and / or the second area ( 1210 ) has a lower brightness than the first area ( 1220 ), and / or - the first area ( 1210 ) has a different olfactory property than the second region ( 1220 ), and / or - the first area ( 1210 ) has a different acoustic characteristic than the second region ( 1220 ).
  51. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-50, characterized by a movable floor, which is formed by a driven endless conveyor belt and which preferably has a conveying direction from the box access door ( 1100 ) away.
  52. Throwing box ( 1000 ) according to one of the preceding claims 39-51, characterized in that the box access door ( 1100 ) extends over the entire width of the endless conveyor belt.
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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2034365A1 (en) * 1970-07-10 1972-01-13
WO1986006581A1 (en) * 1985-05-17 1986-11-20 Andersson Karl Arne Installation for pig production
DE3701864A1 (en) * 1987-01-23 1988-08-04 Buschhoff Th Ag Arrangement for request feeding of pigs
GB2266650A (en) * 1992-05-09 1993-11-10 Henman James Edward Barrier for containing piglets
DE69911748T2 (en) * 1998-03-03 2004-07-01 Kristoffer Larsen Innovation A/S Animal breeding plant
DE10350844A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-06-02 Westfaliasurge Gmbh Animal treatment method e.g. for dairy cattle, by identifying the animal, determining if treatment is required, and performing animal-specific treatment
DE69434630T2 (en) * 1993-08-16 2006-10-05 Maasland N.V. Device for automatic milking of animals
EP1300119B1 (en) 2001-10-04 2010-12-08 Lely Enterprises AG A device for detecting the condition of heat on an animal, a positioning device, a stable provided with a positioning device and a method of detecting a condition of heat
DE202010012336U1 (en) 2010-09-15 2012-01-02 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Device for pregnancy detection
US8132538B1 (en) * 2006-06-08 2012-03-13 Schick Paul H System and method for gestation of sows in large pen gestation facilities

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2034365A1 (en) * 1970-07-10 1972-01-13
WO1986006581A1 (en) * 1985-05-17 1986-11-20 Andersson Karl Arne Installation for pig production
DE3701864A1 (en) * 1987-01-23 1988-08-04 Buschhoff Th Ag Arrangement for request feeding of pigs
GB2266650A (en) * 1992-05-09 1993-11-10 Henman James Edward Barrier for containing piglets
DE69434630T2 (en) * 1993-08-16 2006-10-05 Maasland N.V. Device for automatic milking of animals
DE69911748T2 (en) * 1998-03-03 2004-07-01 Kristoffer Larsen Innovation A/S Animal breeding plant
EP1300119B1 (en) 2001-10-04 2010-12-08 Lely Enterprises AG A device for detecting the condition of heat on an animal, a positioning device, a stable provided with a positioning device and a method of detecting a condition of heat
DE10350844A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-06-02 Westfaliasurge Gmbh Animal treatment method e.g. for dairy cattle, by identifying the animal, determining if treatment is required, and performing animal-specific treatment
US8132538B1 (en) * 2006-06-08 2012-03-13 Schick Paul H System and method for gestation of sows in large pen gestation facilities
DE202010012336U1 (en) 2010-09-15 2012-01-02 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Device for pregnancy detection

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