DE202010016776U1 - Protective device against ballistic and shock wave-like blast - Google Patents

Protective device against ballistic and shock wave-like blast

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Publication number
DE202010016776U1
DE202010016776U1 DE202010016776U DE202010016776U DE202010016776U1 DE 202010016776 U1 DE202010016776 U1 DE 202010016776U1 DE 202010016776 U DE202010016776 U DE 202010016776U DE 202010016776 U DE202010016776 U DE 202010016776U DE 202010016776 U1 DE202010016776 U1 DE 202010016776U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
armor
gel
schott
bulkhead
characterized
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
DE202010016776U
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
Original Assignee
Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH filed Critical Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
Priority to DE202010016776U priority Critical patent/DE202010016776U1/en
Publication of DE202010016776U1 publication Critical patent/DE202010016776U1/en
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0414Layered armour containing ceramic material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/007Reactive armour; Dynamic armour
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0442Layered armour containing metal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0471Layered armour containing fibre- or fabric-reinforced layers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • F41H7/04Armour construction

Abstract

Schott armor with a filling (1), characterized in that the filling is a gel (3) or a stronger material, such as silicone, silicone rubber or silicone elastomer, etc.

Description

  • The solution deals with a protective device against ballistic and shockwave blast / threat of vehicles and buildings as well as other mobile and stationary objects. In order to keep the dead weight low, it is proposed to incorporate gel chambers between bulkhead walls, so that the known protective effect of bulkhead walls can be maintained.
  • Various protective devices against mining claims and / or projectiles, etc. are well known in the art. That's how it describes DE 196 05 230 A1 a mine protection device, which consists of a metal housing, in which a plastic plate and a foam core are used.
  • A wall for protection against shaped charges and balancing missiles knows the DE 31 22 367 C1 , Here, the spaces between the intermediate walls are filled with a liquid or with a brittle solid material having a different shock wave impedance than the intermediate walls.
  • A similar direction suggests the DE 31 12 729 A1 one. In this case, the protective device is provided in the form of hoses or other containers which are filled with a liquid or water.
  • Sandwitch plates consist essentially of a layer structure of metal plate, rigid foam plate, plastics and structural elements ( EP 0 897 097 A2 ).
  • As a rule, however, stronger armor offers bulkhead armor, with and without filling, etc. Bulkhead armor without filling requires a large bulkhead space to distribute the energy density. In addition to the required space, these are also very difficult. Bulkhead armor with fillings such as sand, for their part, are also very heavy.
  • The DE 79 15 552 U1 describes an armor having at least one hard outer layer and at least one softer inner layer, while the DE 29 21 854 C1 indicates a method for producing a multilayer steel armor. The DE 78 14 554 U1 claims for itself that an armor wall is attached to at least one non-metallic, dimensionally stable, vibration or sound and shock absorbing body to or in a supporting structure.
  • From the DE 10 2009 012 251 A1 a protective device for protecting an object against projectile-forming mines is known, which consists of at least two metal plates arranged parallel to each other, which are connected to each other only in a frictional connection in the edge region.
  • Here, the solution sets the task to show a light but effective protection device, which realizes the known effect of a Schott armor preserving even greater protection.
  • The object is achieved by the features of the protection claim 1. Advantageous embodiments are listed in the subclaims.
  • The solution is based on the idea to create a Schott armor with filling, the filling has a low weight with optimum protection. As sufficient filling gel has been shown, which is housed or divided into chambers, between the bulkhead armor and in the bulkhead armor is integrated. The bulkheads themselves can form the chambers. The term "gel" also includes somewhat firmer materials, such as silicone, silicone rubber or silicone elastomer, etc.
  • The pressure load at a blasting is distributed evenly on all bulkheads, so that the protective effect of all bulkheads occur simultaneously, so also on the first layers of the outer layer and on the side bulkheads.
  • The gel chamber armor consists of the general bulkhead construction. The bulkhead space is filled by a gel chamber element, preferably accurately.
  • Due to the threat load, the material lying in the direction of threat is pushed into the bulkhead space. Since the gel is (almost) volume-constant, a correspondingly high pressure builds up in the bulkhead space, which acts on all bulkhead sides at the same time. In this case, the bulkhead armor materials are subjected to bending, even when the outer layer of the protective layer. The pressure occurring in the bulkhead space also supports the material lying in the direction of threat. If anything, there is at most a slight remaining deflection of the rear material into the interior.
  • The advantage of this solution is, inter alia, that already existing bulkhead armor can be retrofitted and upgraded with these gel chambers. Since the outer armor layer may be thinner, a smaller space is needed. The device is also self-vibration damping and heat insulating constructed. Thermal insulation is known to have the advantage of a poor IR signature.
  • With reference to a simple embodiment with drawing, the solution will be explained in more detail. It shows:
  • 1 a schematic representation of the basic idea of the solution,
  • 2a to d variants of the integration of the Schott armor 1 ,
  • 1 shows a structure of a Schott armor 10 - here a gel chamber armor module 10 - with a filling 1 consisting of gel 3 , With 5 the object armor or object wall is marked, the outer bulkhead, pointing to the threat, with 6 , The chamber 7 also has sidewalls 8th on. The bulkheads 5 . 6 - also the side walls 8th - may consist of composite and layer structures, such as steel fiber composite, ceramic steel, etc.
  • The 2a -D show different arrangements.
  • In 2a became the gel chamber armor module 10 out 1 arranged in a row next to each other.
  • In 2 B these were integrated in multiple layers.
  • 2c shows a variant of the chamber 7 as a mat 9 , The mats 9 For their part, they can flexibly adapt to the contours of the bulkhead armor or the module 10 be adjusted.
  • 2d shows a variant of the gel chamber armor modules, which can be optimally integrated into a Jallo protective structure. The mats can also be adapted for other components.
  • The gel chamber armor modules 10 can optionally be built as an add-on and fastened to the object wall, such as tub or tower, via screw connections, etc. The effect of these modules 10 can be reinforced by forming steels (eg u-profiles, hollow profiles, etc.).
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • DE 19605230 A1 [0002]
    • DE 3122367 C1 [0003]
    • DE 3112729 A1 [0004]
    • EP 0897097 A2 [0005]
    • DE 7915552 U1 [0007]
    • DE 2921854 C1 [0007]
    • DE 7814554 U1 [0007]
    • DE 102009012251 A1 [0008]

Claims (5)

  1. Schott armor with a filling ( 1 ), characterized in that the filling is a gel ( 3 ) or a stronger material, such as silicone, silicone rubber or silicone elastomer etc.
  2. Schott armor according to claim 1, characterized in that the walls ( 5 . 6 . 8th ) of the bulkhead armor a primary chamber ( 7 ) for the uptake of the gel ( 3 ) form.
  3. Schott armor according to claim 1, characterized in that a mat ( 9 ) for receiving the gel ( 3 ) serves.
  4. Schott armor according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the bulkhead walls ( 5 . 6 . 8th ) of composite and layer structures, such as steel fiber composite, ceramic steel, etc., may exist.
  5. Schott armor according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that they form a gel chamber armor module.
DE202010016776U 2010-12-18 2010-12-18 Protective device against ballistic and shock wave-like blast Expired - Lifetime DE202010016776U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202010016776U DE202010016776U1 (en) 2010-12-18 2010-12-18 Protective device against ballistic and shock wave-like blast

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202010016776U DE202010016776U1 (en) 2010-12-18 2010-12-18 Protective device against ballistic and shock wave-like blast

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE202010016776U1 true DE202010016776U1 (en) 2011-02-24

Family

ID=43663066

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE202010016776U Expired - Lifetime DE202010016776U1 (en) 2010-12-18 2010-12-18 Protective device against ballistic and shock wave-like blast

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE202010016776U1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102014101865A1 (en) 2014-02-14 2015-08-20 Thomas Lange Protection module for the construction of armor

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE7915552U1 (en) 1979-05-30 1979-11-28 Thyssen Industrie Ag Maschinenbau, 5810 Witten, De
DE7814554U1 (en) 1978-05-13 1981-04-30 Thyssen Industrie Ag Maschinenbau, 5810 Witten, De
DE3112729A1 (en) 1981-03-31 1982-10-21 Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm Means for protecting industrial plants from blast waves and projectiles
DE2921854C1 (en) 1979-05-30 1990-11-15 Thyssen Ind Ag Maschb A method of manufacturing a group consisting of multi-layer steel armor
DE3122367C1 (en) 1981-06-05 1994-12-22 Deutsche Aerospace Wall for protection against shaped charges and kinetic-energy projectiles
DE19605230A1 (en) 1996-02-13 1997-08-14 Gerd Dr Ing Kellner Anti-mine protection system for military vehicle
EP0897097A2 (en) 1997-08-13 1999-02-17 Gerd Kellner Sandwich plate for protection from explosive mines
DE102009012251A1 (en) 2009-03-07 2010-09-09 Rheinmetall Landsysteme Gmbh Protective device for protecting an object against projectile-forming mines

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE7814554U1 (en) 1978-05-13 1981-04-30 Thyssen Industrie Ag Maschinenbau, 5810 Witten, De
DE7915552U1 (en) 1979-05-30 1979-11-28 Thyssen Industrie Ag Maschinenbau, 5810 Witten, De
DE2921854C1 (en) 1979-05-30 1990-11-15 Thyssen Ind Ag Maschb A method of manufacturing a group consisting of multi-layer steel armor
DE3112729A1 (en) 1981-03-31 1982-10-21 Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm Means for protecting industrial plants from blast waves and projectiles
DE3122367C1 (en) 1981-06-05 1994-12-22 Deutsche Aerospace Wall for protection against shaped charges and kinetic-energy projectiles
DE19605230A1 (en) 1996-02-13 1997-08-14 Gerd Dr Ing Kellner Anti-mine protection system for military vehicle
EP0897097A2 (en) 1997-08-13 1999-02-17 Gerd Kellner Sandwich plate for protection from explosive mines
DE102009012251A1 (en) 2009-03-07 2010-09-09 Rheinmetall Landsysteme Gmbh Protective device for protecting an object against projectile-forming mines

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102014101865A1 (en) 2014-02-14 2015-08-20 Thomas Lange Protection module for the construction of armor

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
R207 Utility model specification

Effective date: 20110331

R163 Identified publications notified

Effective date: 20111117

R081 Change of applicant/patentee

Owner name: RHEINMETALL LANDSYSTEME GMBH, DE

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: RHEINMETALL LANDSYSTEME GMBH, 24107 KIEL, DE

Effective date: 20131024

R082 Change of representative

Representative=s name: THUL PATENTANWALTSGESELLSCHAFT MBH, DE

Effective date: 20131024

R150 Term of protection extended to 6 years

Effective date: 20140116

R157 Lapse of ip right after 6 years