DE202008008565U1 - Modular trial implant system - Google Patents

Modular trial implant system

Info

Publication number
DE202008008565U1
DE202008008565U1 DE200820008565 DE202008008565U DE202008008565U1 DE 202008008565 U1 DE202008008565 U1 DE 202008008565U1 DE 200820008565 DE200820008565 DE 200820008565 DE 202008008565 U DE202008008565 U DE 202008008565U DE 202008008565 U1 DE202008008565 U1 DE 202008008565U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
trial implant
characterized
system according
trial
part
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
DE200820008565
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Aesculap AG
Original Assignee
Aesculap AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Aesculap AG filed Critical Aesculap AG
Priority to DE200820008565 priority Critical patent/DE202008008565U1/en
Publication of DE202008008565U1 publication Critical patent/DE202008008565U1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4684Trial or dummy prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/34Acetabular cups
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30405Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by screwing complementary threads machined on the parts themselves
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30476Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements locked by an additional locking mechanism
    • A61F2002/305Snap connection
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30604Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for modular
    • A61F2002/30616Sets comprising a plurality of prosthetic parts of different sizes or orientations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/3611Heads or epiphyseal parts of femur
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements

Abstract

modular Trial implant system (10) comprising at least one trial implant (18; 118), which has at least a first and at least a second, connectable to the at least one first trial implant part (12; 112) second trial implant part (16; 116).

Description

  • The The present invention relates to a trial implant system comprising at least one trial implant.
  • In Surgery, especially in hip arthroplasty, will be performed intraoperatively Rehearsal positions performed, a range of motion, the so-called "range of motion" (ROM), the tape tension and, if necessary a leg length change to consider. It is known trial implants in the form of sockets as well in the form of joint stems use. In particular, the physiological requirements of each Patients optimally meet and also on the latest findings to be able to react to tribology, In recent years, the tendency has been to get bigger and bigger the articulation partner, so for example, joint socket and condyle in an artificial hip joint, use. The consequence of this is that the number of for an operation To be kept trial implants continuously increased and even further increases. This means, on the one hand, that these trial implants are kept ready Need to become, and secondly, that also by the larger number of trial implants a larger cleaning and reprocessing effort must be operated. For example are in a trial implant system comprising rod ends with five different ones Stems (S, M, L, XL, XXL) and three different diameters, (for Example 28 mm, 32 mm and 36 mm), to provide a total of 15 different sample heads. The same applies to the Sample journals and lateralized variants of sample journals. All in all would be one increasingly unmanageable Number of trial implants required before implantation the actual implant, size and position to be able to determine the same optimally.
  • It It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a trial implant system to improve the type described above so that it is the same applications a lower number of components.
  • These The object is achieved by a modular trial implant system comprising at least one trial implant, which at least a first and at least one second, with the at least one first trial implant part connectable second Trial implant part comprises.
  • The proposed according to the invention solution allows in particular, to separate sample implant parameters by, for example, a first trial implant parameter to the at least one first trial implant part and a second trial implant parameter the at least a second trial implant part is assigned. As a result of that the at least one first and the at least one second trial implant parts preferably configured such that the first and second trial implant parts can be freely combined with each other, so can the number of Total required trial implant parts are significantly reduced. Based on the example mentioned above, this means that, for example five first trial implant parts sufficient around the five different neck lengths map. If the first five Trial implant parts in addition all have the same head diameter, additionally two with the five first trial implant parts connectable second implant parts with different head diameters, to a total of the required fifteen variants train. Thus, in this case only five first and two second, so a total of only seven trial implant parts required. The invention allows that is, to significantly reduce the number of trial implants, Case of considered example even less than half. All in all so can the costs for reduce the provision of the trial implant system, as well as effort and costs for the cleaning. Furthermore, such a trial implant system in the future without Further supplemented by corresponding further implant parts, for example, to graduate sample implant parameters even finer or at all consider additional trial implant subparameters.
  • In order to the individual trial implant parts can be optimally cleaned is it cheap, if the at least one first and the at least one second trial implant part detachable with each other are connectable. So can also intraoperatively an adaptation by unclasp of trial implant parts and reconnecting other trial implant parts be reached with each other.
  • A Connection of the at least one first and at least one second Trial implant parts together will be particularly easy if at least a connecting device for connecting the at least one first and the at least one second trial implant part in a trial implantation position is provided.
  • The construction of the at least one connecting device becomes particularly simple if the at least one connecting device comprises at least one first and at least one second connecting element, if the one connecting element is arranged on the at least one trial implant part and if the other connecting element is arranged on the at least one second trial implant part and if the at least one connecting element a first and the at least one second connecting element are formed corresponding to each other and in the Imp lantation position are engaged. The first and second connecting elements can in principle be designed as desired. Preferably, they are designed so that separation of the trial implant parts is reliably prevented unless at least a minimum release force is applied or a corresponding release instrument is used to detach the trial implant parts from each other.
  • One a particularly simple construction of the connecting device can, for example be achieved in that they in the form of a latching and / or screw connection and / or force and / or positive connection is formed. In other words, this means that the first and second trial implant parts, which are connected together and a trial implant or form a part of the same, non-positively and / or positively with each other can be connected. Alternatively or in addition can They also by appropriate locking or screw to each other secured or connected to each other.
  • Especially without additional Instruments or tools can the first and second trial implant parts are connected together be if the at least one first and the at least one second Connecting element in the form of mutually corresponding latching elements are formed. Preferably, at least one of the locking elements relative to the other latching element with which it is engaged to be held, movably attached to one of the trial implant parts, so a simple snap or latch when bringing together allow the trial implant parts to be joined together.
  • The Production and construction of the locking elements becomes particularly easy if the one locking element in the form of an annular groove or a Ringnutabschnitts or if the corresponding other locking element in the form of a Annular bead or an annular bead portion is formed, which Ring bead or annular bead sections in the trial implantation position immersed or engaged in the annular groove or the Ringnutabschnitt. In particular, an annular bead or annular bead portion may also be Engage locking element in the form of a locking edge at least partially, then in the sense of a time-open annular groove or a laterally opened Ringnutabschnitts is formed.
  • On The first and second trial implant parts can be easily handled also connect to each other, if that at least a first and / or the at least one second connecting element in the form of corresponding Recordings and projections are formed, the force in the trial implantation and / or form-fitting interconnected and / or bolted together. Conceivable Here are in particular peg-shaped projections and corresponding recordings, for example in the form of blind holes or Holes, which engage the fasteners on enable easy way. In addition, still can further rest or Connecting elements should be provided to make a connection between to stabilize the trial implant parts. In particular, the Shots and tabs too be provided with threaded portions so as to screw the To enable trial implant parts with each other.
  • A optimum securing of the trial implant parts to be connected to each other in the trial implantation position can be achieved by the at least one first and the at least one second latching element are arranged on the corresponding receptacles and projections. So be furthermore, no further additional Parts or elements needed to connect the trial implant parts together.
  • Cheap is it, if that one of the at least two fasteners one Innerthrindeabschnitt and the other of the at least two connecting elements a corresponding male threaded portion exhibit. So can the fasteners screwed together and the trial implant parts thereby be interconnected.
  • Around an operator in a simple way connecting and dissolving the To allow trial implant parts, it is advantageous if the connecting device rotationally symmetric with respect to a trial implant longitudinal axis is trained. Furthermore, so can the preparation of the trial implant parts be simplified.
  • The The number of trial implant parts required can be further reduced, if the at least one first trial implant part has a basic body of the Trial implant system forms. In particular, the base body can be such be designed to define two trial implant parameters, for example, a head diameter and a neck length. By appropriate combination with a second trial implant part, which changes one of the two trial implant parameters, if the trial implant parts are connected together, so a trial implant system with a minimal number of trial implant parts or components to be provided.
  • The stability of the trial implant can be easily improved by if the at least one first trial implant part is integrally formed is.
  • advantageously, the at least one second trial implant part is integrally formed. This elevated especially the stability of the trial implant system. Furthermore, so can the production and Construction of the trial implant parts can be further simplified.
  • conveniently, are at least two differently shaped first trial implant parts intended. In particular, they are so differently shaped that they have a first trial implant parameter, for example a neck length or a head diameter, define that at the different shaped first trial implant parts are different. Become For example, the at least two differently shaped first Trial implant parts connected to the same second trial implant part, Thus, corresponding combination possibilities of the trial implant parts miteinan der and a reduced number for the trial implant system total required components.
  • Preferably are at least two differently shaped second trial implant parts intended. These allow it, especially if they have a Trial implant parameters vary by their different shape, by appropriate connection with one or more first trial implant parts to form a plurality of different trial implants in total.
  • advantageously, the at least one first trial implant part defines at least two trial implant partial parameters. In particular, it may be the at least two trial implant partial parameters around trial implant parameters act. For example, it may be at a trial implant parameters a trial implant for use in connection with implantation an artificial one hip around a neck length or a joint head diameter. Preferably, this is Embodiment of a basic body realized the trial implant. This makes it possible, by connecting the first trial implant part with a second trial implant part, to vary one of the two trial implant partial parameters. It is in particular for minimizing the total number of components of the Trial implant system, if all the first trial implant parts contain at least two trial implant subparameters each define an identical value for the same trial implant subparameter exhibit. This can be, for example, a neck length or act around a condyle diameter.
  • Cheap is it, if the at least two differently shaped first Trial implant parts in at least a first trial implant partial parameter differ. Thus, especially if another trial implant partial parameter in the differently shaped first trial implant parts identical is, for example, by a single further second trial implant part, that with the at least two differently shaped first trial implant parts connectable, in each case another trial implant can be formed. For doubling the number of samples that can be combined from the trial implant parts Trial implants are only one more in such a case second trial implant part required.
  • Preferably are two, three, four, five, six or more first trial implant parts.
  • Conveniently, two, three, four, five, six or more second trial implant parts connectable to the at least one trial implant part are provided. In particular, it is thus possible to form a total of N = N 1 × N 2 trial implants with N 1 first trial implant parts and N 2 second trial implant parts. For this purpose, only N G = N 1 + N 2 trial implant parts or components are required.
  • Further It may be advantageous if the at least one second trial implant part defined at least two trial implant part parameters. To this Way, the number of required components of the trial implant system be further reduced.
  • conveniently, differ the at least two differently shaped second trial implant parts in at least one second trial implant subparameter. Thereby can by combination with the at least two differently shaped ones second trial implant parts with a single other first Trial implant part at least two trial implants are formed.
  • conveniently, the at least one trial implant forms at least one part a first trial joint part of an artificial trial joint. It can also a total of a first sample hinge part of the artificial Forming trial joint. The trial implant itself comprises at least a first and at least a second trial implant part.
  • In order to the trial implants in conjunction with a surgical procedure for implanting an artificial hip can be used it beneficial if the artificial Sample joint an artificial one sample hip with a sample jig and a probing head.
  • Conveniently, the trial implant system comprises at least one trial implant in the form of a probing probe. This can be in one piece or releasably connectable be formed with a test jibe. Optionally, the probing head may also include a neck portion.
  • Around to further reduce the number of components of the trial implant system is it cheap if the sample joint head a joint head part and a connecting part includes. In particular, both the condyle as well as the connecting part in each case at least define an implant part parameter, for example the condyle a condyle diameter and the connecting part a neck length. This allows, out of a total number of trial implant parts, the the sum of the number of joint head parts and connecting parts provided corresponds to form as many probing heads as the product the number of condylar parts and the connecting parts corresponds.
  • Preferably the at least one first trial implant part comprises the condyle part and the connecting part. It can in particular be integrally formed be and simultaneously define two trial implant sub-parameters, namely, for example, one that is a property of the condyle describes or defines, and one which is a property of Connection parts describes or defines.
  • According to one preferred embodiment of Invention may be provided that the connecting part a neck includes, in which a peg-shaped Neck portion of a joint shaft is insertable for connecting the Sampling head with the joint shaft. At the joint shaft can in particular, it is a rehearsal or one already The joint shaft implanted in a bone of the patient Acting implant prosthesis. By this particular embodiment of the connecting part it is possible even after insertion of the prosthetic stem to be implanted optimal condyle corresponding to the respective physiology to determine the joint prosthesis, by trying different Sample rod ends, which are connected to the joint shaft.
  • advantageously, is the at least one second trial implant part in the form of a Conrod head shell formed. With the condyle shell can open simple manner by connecting to a condyle of the first implant part its diameter can be increased. By connecting the first and second trial implant parts so easily another, modular trial implant be formed.
  • Especially is it cheap when the condyle shell is connectable to the condyle. this makes possible it, only in each case by attaching a condyle shell on the condyle to change its diameter. Optionally also condyle shells of different sizes be designed so that they can be connected together and with a condyle. On that way the total number of components included in the trial implant system reduce further.
  • Preferably the sample cone head defines at least two trial implant subparameters. The Probegelenktkopf can then, for example, by connecting with further trial implant parts are varied, depending on Ausgestal device of the trial implant part, two or more trial implant partial parameters can be varied at the same time.
  • Especially simple and efficient the structure of the trial implant system, if the at least one trial implant part parameter defined by the sample steering head defines a condyle diameter of the trial implant. So can by simple connection with other trial implant parts of Rod end diameter can be varied, for example by applying or snap-on of condyle shells onto the sample conical head.
  • advantageously, defines the at least one defined by the Probegelenkkopf second Trial implant partial parameter a connecting length of the Trial implant. The connecting part length can in particular also a neck length Define the probing head. Optionally, with trial implant parts, which are connectable to the connecting part, by appropriate Choice of different lengths of Connecting parts varies a connecting part length of the trial implant become.
  • According to one preferred embodiment of The invention may further be provided that the at least one first trial implant part a first trial implant partial parameter defined and that the connectable to him at least a second Trial implant part a larger first Trial implant subparameter defined. For example, so by Connecting the first and second trial implant parts together a condyle diameter can be increased, if indeed the condyle diameter forming a trial implant partial parameter of the second trial implant part is greater than that of the first Trial implant part to which the second trial implant part is connected becomes.
  • Alternatively, it may also be advantageous if the at least one first trial implant part defines a first trial implant part parameter and if the one second trial implant part that can be connected to it defines a smaller first trial implant part parameter. For example, this off For example, to match the sample jaw pan with its socket insert to a smaller diameter condyle.
  • Preferably The first trial implant subparameter defines a minimum connection pitch. The Connecting part length can then easily, for example, by connecting with others Connecting parts in the desired Way extended become.
  • Around by connecting to a second trial implant part, a condyle diameter of the trial implant can be easily enlarged, it is beneficial if the at least one first trial implant part has a minimum condyle diameter Are defined.
  • conveniently, is the at least one first trial implant part with at least two second trial implant parts connectable. He can, of course, too with three, four, five, be connectable six or more second implant parts. So can in a simple way by increasing the number of components of the trial implant system around another component the number of total implantable trial implants multiplied become.
  • So In particular, the number of trial implants in a simple manner be multiplied by only one more component if the at least one second trial implant part having at least two first ones Trial implant parts is connectable. All in all, any permutations can be made the provided trial implant parts by connecting them be achieved.
  • Preferably For example, the trial implant system includes a trial implant in the form of a trial implant socket insert connectable to a sample socket or socket which engages with a corresponding probing head can be brought. Thus, the appropriate joint socket can also be used for a condyle with associated Pfanneneinsatz be determined by trial and error. After determination the appropriate size of the socket insert can then be the appropriate pan insert for the training of the artificial Joint connected to the socket after implanting the same become. The pan inserts are preferably designed to fit with matching probing heads, this in particular means sample steering heads with corresponding condyle diameters, can be connected to check also a mobility of the joint.
  • conveniently, For example, the socket insert comprises a socket insert and a socket connection part. The separation of the pan insert in the two parts makes it possible for example, by varying them only one trial implant partial parameter each to vary. It should be noted that pan insert and pan connection part also in one piece trained together or permanently fixed or insoluble with each other can be connected.
  • advantageously, the at least one first trial implant part comprises the socket insert part and the connecting part. In particular, it is possible, a basic type of education to construct a pan insert and optionally with second Trial implant parts to connect through the socket insert and / or the pan connection part defined parameters targeted to vary.
  • Preferably is the at least one second trial implant part in the form of a Einsatzverkleinerungsteils trained. This one is special suitable, pan inserts to downsize, that is, for example an inner diameter of the socket insert. Such Einsatzverkleinerungsteile be also referred to as "diameter reductions" or just as "reductions".
  • On a simple way, an inner diameter of the socket insert be reduced when the insert reduction part with the pan insert is connectable. conveniently, have the pan insert part and the Einsatzverkleinerungsteil different values for the same trial implant subparameter.
  • Around an optimal adaptation of an artificial To allow joints to a physiology of the patient, it is advantageous when the socket insert defines at least two trial implant part parameters. So can in particular successively, that is, for example successively, trial implant partial parameters specifically varies and trial implants are formed, the a physiology of the patient are well adapted.
  • Advantageous it is when the at least one of the pan insert defined first Trial implant subparameter has a socket insert inner diameter of the trial implant. So can by selecting appropriate cup liners and associated Einsatzverkleinerungsteile an optimal to the joint head inner diameter be specified.
  • In order to additionally vary a distance between the condyle and socket, it is advantageous if the at least one of the pans insert defined second trial implant part parameters defined a ladle height of the trial implant.
  • advantageously, the at least one first trial implant part defines a minimum Pan height. The pan height to increase can then in particular easily by connecting the at least a first trial implant part with a second trial implant part be achieved.
  • optional It may also be advantageous if the at least one first trial implant part a maximum pan height Are defined.
  • On simple way can Trial implants are formed with different inner tube diameters or pan insert inner diameters, if the at least a first trial implant part has a maximum cup insert inner diameter Are defined. A reduction of the pan insert inner diameter can then be achieved in particular by inserting a pan reduction insert in the pan insert.
  • to Training of probing joints is beneficial if at least one corresponding to the at least one proboscis trained trained pan insert is provided.
  • Of Further, it is convenient if the trial implant system comprises at least one trial stem, with which the sample joint head is connectable. So can the trial implant system in particular also be used to a suitable joint shaft choose or train a probationary association.
  • Further it is advantageous if the trial implant system at least one Sampling pan comprises, with which the at least one pan insert is connectable. So you can also try out which ones Probgelenkpfanne optimally fits the physiology of the patient.
  • The following description of preferred embodiments of the invention used in conjunction with the drawings for further explanation. Show it:
  • 1a a perspective view of a first embodiment of a trial implant;
  • 1b : A partially cut exploded view of the trial implant 1a ;
  • 2a : a longitudinal sectional view of the two-part trial implant 1a ;
  • 2 B : a longitudinal sectional view analog 2a a trial implant with a modified first implant part or a second trial implant base body;
  • 2c : a longitudinal sectional view analog 2a another trial implant part of the trial implant system with a third implant trial body;
  • 2d : a longitudinal sectional view analog 2a another trial implant with a fourth trial implant body;
  • 3 : is a schematic overview of longitudinal sectional views of twelve trial implants of a trial implant system comprising four first and two second trial implant parts;
  • 4a to 4d : Longitudinal views analogous to 2a to 2d of four trial implants of an alternative embodiment of a modular trial implant system;
  • 5a to 5d : Longitudinal views analogous to 2a to 2d of four trial implants of another embodiment of a modular trial implant system;
  • 6a a longitudinal sectional view of another trial implant of a trial implant system;
  • 6b : a longitudinal sectional view analog 6a another trial implant;
  • 6c : a longitudinal sectional view analog 6a another trial implant;
  • 7 3 is an overview of longitudinal sectional views of a modular trial implant system comprising three first and two second trial implant parts;
  • 8a to 8c : Longitudinal views analogous to 6a to 6c additional trial implants of an alternative trial implant system;
  • 9a to 9c : Longitudinal views analogous to 6a to 6c of trial implants of another trial implant system;
  • 10 a longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment of a trial implant;
  • 11 a longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment of a trial implant;
  • 12 a longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment of a trial implant;
  • 13 a longitudinal sectional view of a white the embodiment of a trial implant; and
  • 14 : A longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment of a trial implant.
  • In 3 is a total with the reference numeral 10 provided with a modular trial implant system comprising four trial implant parts juxtaposed in the bottom row 12a . 12b . 12c and 12d , which basic body 14a to 14d of the trial implant system 10 form. Further, the trial implant system includes 10 two second trial implant parts 16a and 16b which, as in the middle and upper row in 3 represented, each with one of the main body 14a to 14b are detachably connectable to the training of trial implants 18e to 18l , The basic body 14a to 14d themselves form integrally formed trial implants 18a to 18d , even without connection to a second trial implant part 16a or 16b ,
  • The trial implant system 10 thus comprises four first trial implant parts 12a to 12d and two second trial implant parts 16a and 16b , Overall, as in 3 represented by permutation of the components twelve trial implants 18a to 18l form.
  • At the in 3 shown trial implants 18a to 18l they are parts of a first probing joint part of an artificial probing joint, namely probing journals 20a to 20l an artificial trial hip joint.
  • Every first trial implant part 12 comprises a substantially spherical condylar part 22 and a substantially sleeve-shaped connecting part 24 with a pointing in the distal direction, a hollow cylindrical neck 26 forming recess, in which a pin-shaped neck portion 28 a joint shaft 30 is insertable for connecting the trial implant 18 with the joint shaft 30 , At the joint shaft 30 it may be a trial joint or the definitive joint stem to be implanted.
  • The condyle 22 is substantially hemispherical in shape, but has a plane on the proximal side, perpendicular to a longitudinal axis 32 of the trial implant 18 extending stop surface 34 on. Furthermore, the condyle is part 22 with a coaxial to the longitudinal axis 32 extending bore 36 equipped, which has an inner diameter which is about only one third of the inner diameter of the neck 28 is.
  • Distal side is the neck 26 from a plurality of distally directed, finger-like protrusions 40 limited. An outer contour of the connecting part 24 tapers to the distal end 38 slightly conical. Furthermore, an outer diameter of the connecting part 24 slightly smaller than a diameter of the substantially hemispherical condyle 22 , In a sectional view, in particular in 3 Thus, a base body which essentially has a sleeve shape in longitudinal section results in good recognition 14 ,
  • The second implant parts 16 are in the form of a condyle shell 42 formed, whose outer contour substantially corresponds to that of a hemisphere. In total, every second trial implant part 16 formed in the form of a shell, wherein a shell thickness of the second trial implant part 16b thicker than that of the second trial implant part 16a , as in particular in 3 clearly visible. An inner contour 44 the condyle shell 42 is essentially hollow spherical. Pointing in the distal direction is a stop surface 34 corresponding level, a part of the inner contour 44 defining stop surface 46 formed when the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 are connected to each other, at least partially directly abut each other.
  • Furthermore, the condyle shell 42 also with a concentric to the longitudinal axis 32 oriented hole 48 provided, the inner diameter of the bore 36 equivalent. The holes 36 and 48 are arranged so that when the trial implant parts 12 and 16 interconnected, a common, coaxial with the longitudinal axis 32 running hollow cylindrical channel arises.
  • An inner diameter of the hollow spherical inner contour 44 the second trial implant parts 16a and 16b is corresponding to an outer diameter of the spherical condyle 22 of the basic body 14d formed so that the condyle part 22 of the basic body 14d essentially form-fitting in the of the inner contour 44 limited recess of the second trial implant part 16a respectively 16b intervenes. This is especially good in 2d as well as the trial implants shown on the left in the three rows 18d . 18h and 18l in 3 to recognize.
  • Because only two second trial implant parts 16a and 16b are provided, the inner contour 44 but identical, are the inner contour 44 defining inner surfaces of the second trial implant parts 16a and 16b at the substantially hemispherical outer surfaces of the condyle parts 22 the main body 14a to 14c not flat. In order to achieve a defined positioning, here are the stop surfaces 34 and 46 provided with which an exact positioning of the condyle parts 22 relative to the distal end 38 the main body 14 pretend.
  • For connecting the first and second sample joint parts 12 and 16 In a trial implantation position, a connection device is used 50 , The connec tion device 50 comprises a first connecting element 52 , which at the first trial implant part 12 is arranged, and a second connecting element 54 , which at the second trial implant part 16 is arranged. In the trial implant system 10 are the fasteners 52 and 54 integral with the trial implant parts 12 and 16 educated. Overall, the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 each formed in one piece.
  • The first connection element 52 is in the form of an annular groove 58 formed substantially in an equatorial plane 56 of the condyle 22 arranged and from the longitudinal axis 32 pointing radially outward. The ring groove 58 is also concentric with the longitudinal axis 32 educated. A groove bottom 60 the ring groove 58 runs concentrically around the longitudinal axis 32 , Groove side surfaces 62 and 64 which the annular groove 58 limit laterally, each extending at a slight angle relative to the equatorial plane 56 , so that in cross section a substantially trough or trapezoidal annular groove 58 is trained.
  • The second connection element 44 is formed by a ring projection 66 , which with the ring groove 58 can be brought into engagement. He stands by the inner contour 44 in the radial direction on the longitudinal axis 32 pointing in the area of a distal end 68 of the second trial implant part 16 at about the equatorial level 56 the condyle shell 42 in front.
  • Thus the ring projection 66 in the ring groove 58 can intervene at all, are starting from the distal end 68 evenly distributed over a circumference pointing in the proximal direction incisions 70 formed, which between them several bowl lobes 72 define which can swing out radially outward. So it is possible to use the second trial implant part 16 on the condyle 22 of the first trial implant part 12 set up and push in the distal direction, wherein by sliding on the second connec tion elements 54 on the condyle 22 the bowl lobes 72 swing slightly outward in the radial direction, but when the second connecting element 54 the equatorial plane 56 reached, again in the radial direction on the longitudinal axis 32 spring back.
  • A protrusion side surface inclined substantially in the proximal direction 74 is corresponding to the groove side surfaces 64 inclined and abuts directly on this, when the ring protrusion 66 in the ring groove 58 dips. It should be noted that due to the incisions 70 the second connecting element 54 is divided into a plurality of annular projection sections. Overall, by training the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 as described, a simple snapping and latching of the trial implant parts 12 and 16 possible in the trial implantation position. Furthermore, the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 if necessary, be separated again.
  • The trial implants 18 define two trial implant subparameters 76 and 78 , The trial implant subparameter 76 defines a diameter of the condyle 22 , All basic bodies 14 have the same outer diameter. The second trial implant subparameter 78 defines a connecting part or neck length 78 , which is defined by a distance of the distal end 38 of the first trial implant part 12 from a center 80 of the condyle 72 parallel to the longitudinal axis 32 , In the trial implant system 10 the basic bodies differ 14a to 14d each in the second trial implant subparameter 78 , This is the largest in the body 14a and gradually takes up to the main body 14d from. The first trial implant subparameter 76 For example, it can define a diameter of 28 mm, 32 mm and 36 mm. These outer diameters are defined by the condyle parts 22 the main body 14a to 14d or through the second trial implant parts 16a and 16b ,
  • Overall, it is available with the four available first trial implant parts 12a to 12d and the two second trial implant parts 16a and 16b possible, a total of twelve different trial implants 18a to 18l to combine. Thus, only half as many components are required as with a total of integrally formed trial implants, with which the possible combinations of the seven different trial implant partial parameters 76 and 78 can be combined.
  • The in the 4a to 4d shown trial implants 18i to 18l agree in their basic structure with those in the 2a to 2d shown trial implants 18i to 18l match. They differ only in the structure of the connection device 50 , The second connection element 54 is in the in the 4a to 4d illustrated variant in cross section not trapezoidal, but as a halbblinsenförmiger, in the direction of the longitudinal axis 32 formed facing, convex curved annular projection. The first connection element 52 is correspondingly in the form of an annular groove 58 formed, which from the longitudinal axis 32 pointing in the radial direction pointing hollow concave is curved. This embodiment of the connection device 50 allows the formation of a snap or snap connection for connecting the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 together.
  • In the in the 1 to 3 shown trial implants 18 serve the stop surfaces 34 and 46 to the center 80 between the main body 14 and the condyle shells 42 to correct. This is necessary because a linearity jump between each neck length from diameter to diameter of the condyle 22 varied. Alternatively, different or other forms of spacers may be provided, for example threads, the abutment surfaces already described 34 and 46 or only in a recess dipping pegs. This is exemplary in the 5a to 5d shown. In the in the 5a to 5d shown second trial implant parts 16b is no stop surface 46 provided, but instead one parallel to the longitudinal axis 32 in the distal direction protruding pin 82 , which in a correspondingly formed and pointing in the proximal direction, concentric with the longitudinal axis 32 trained recess of the condyle 22 is trained. Optionally, to secure a connection or to adjust a position of the center 80 optionally a threaded connection can be provided, which is an external thread 86 on the cone 82 and an internal thread 88 at the reception 84 includes, which are formed corresponding to each other and a screwing of the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 enable each other. The connection device 50 is in the in the 5a to 5d illustrated embodiment identical to that in the 2a to 2d illustrated connection device 50 educated.
  • The trial implant system 10 may also optionally or alternatively also sample socket inserts 120 include, for example, the in 7 shown cup inserts 120a to 120i , They are as exemplary in 6b for the pan insert 120e shown with a joint socket 190 , in particular a sample jig or a final to be implanted in the body of a patient socket, connected or connectable, in a known manner. At the socket 190 It may in particular be a screw with a screw thread 192 act, which can be screwed into a not shown pelvic bone of a patient. The pan inserts 120 include a pan insert 122 and a pan connection part 124 , The pan connection part 124 serves in particular to the respective pan insert 120 with the socket 190 connect to.
  • The modularity of the cup inserts 120 corresponds to that in connection with the trial implants described above 18 explained principle. The first trial implant parts 112a . 112b and 112c as in the bottom row in 7 each define two trial implant sub-parameters 176 and 178 , The trial implant subparameter 176 defines an inner diameter of a joint surface 194a based on a center point 180 when the pan insert 120 with one of the probing heads described above 20 connected to the midpoint 80 coincides. The further trial implant partial parameter 178 defines an outer shape or an outer diameter of the first trial implant part 112 , The trial implant subparameter 178 is at the first trial implant part 112a larger than the trial implant part 112c , The pan insert 120c is thus for small sockets 190 suitable, the pan insert 120b for middle and the pan insert 120a for large sockets 190 ,
  • Second trial implant parts 116a and 116b Make use reduction parts 142a and 142b , With them, it is possible by connecting with the pan inserts 122 the first trial implant parts 112 the trial implant subparameter 176 to vary, that is the inner diameter of the articular surface 194a defined cavity. The inner diameters are corresponding to the trial implant part parameters 76 formed, that is, for example, is an inner diameter of the body 114a to 114c 36 mm, with insert reduction part 142a 32 mm and the insert reduction part 142b 28 mm.
  • Overall, thus, with three main bodies 114a to 114c and two insert reduction parts 142a and 142b nine different ladle inserts 120 be formed as in 7 shown.
  • To connect the second trial implant parts 116 with the first trial implant parts 112 again serves a connection device 150 with first and second connecting elements 152 and 154 attached to the first and second trial implant parts, respectively 112 and 116 are arranged or formed. The first connection element 152 is in turn defined by one in the direction of the longitudinal axis 132 the trial implant 118a to 118i pointing ring groove 158 which is transverse to the longitudinal axis 132 extending groove side surface 162 having. The groove side surface 162 forms a latching surface for a pointing in the proximal direction protrusion side surface 174 one the second connecting element 154 forming annular projection 168 on the second trial implant part 116 , To the snap or snap connection between the first and second trial implant parts 116 and 118 in turn are starting from a distal end of the second trial implant part 116 in the proximal direction cuts 170 formed between the bowl lobes 172 to the insert reduction part 142 define so that the ring protrusion 166 is divided into individual annular projection sections, but which are slightly movable in the radial direction. This allows, when inserting the Einsatzverkleinerungsteile 142 in through the articular surfaces 194 limited shots, a sliding and latching of the second fasteners 154 in the first connecting elements 152 ,
  • The basic idea is therefore with all trial implants 118 to form a modular trial pan, wherein the largest diameter of the articulation partners through the Einsatzverkleinerungsteile 142 is reducible. The connection of the first and second trial implant parts 112 and 116 can be done as described by snapping or latching, but also by screwing or screwing and / or by any other releasable connection method. Corresponding displacements of the centers 180 be between the different sizes of Einsatzverkleinerungsteile 142 realized by yourself.
  • In the in the 8a to 8c shown cup inserts 120d to 120f is the connection device 150 something from the trial implants 118 in the 6a to 6c provided designed differently. The second connection element 154 is in the form of a ring-shaped projection 166 formed, the first connecting element 152 again in the form of an annular groove 158 but with a groove bottom 160 , other than concentric to the longitudinal axis 132 oriented at the in the 6a to 6c illustrated embodiments, relative to the longitudinal axis 132 is inclined and has something in the distal direction. Otherwise, they differ in the 6 and 8th illustrated trial implants 118 Not.
  • In the 9a to 9c are three more ladle inserts 120d to 120f represented, in turn, essentially only by the formation of the connecting device 150 differ. Here, however, no snap connection or locking connection is provided, but a screw. At the insert reduction part 142 is one in the proximal direction concentric to the longitudinal axis 132 protruding pin 182 formed, which in a corresponding, hollow cylindrical receptacle 184 at the base body 114 intervenes. The pin 182 and the recording 184 can already be sufficiently formed by appropriate dimensioning for a clamp. To ensure a permanent and secure connection, the pin is 182 with an external thread 186 and the recording 184 with an external thread 186 corresponding internal thread 188 provided so that the first and second trial implant parts 112 and 116 can be bolted together in a simple way. To facilitate the connection is a distal-facing tool holder 196 into the articular surface 194c incorporated, preferably in the form of a hexagon socket or a Innenvielrund into which a corresponding end of a Einschraubwerkzeugs not shown can engage.
  • Alternatively, the trial implants 18 like the one in 10 exemplified trial implant 18i also screwed together. For this purpose, a connection device 50 provided, which first and second connecting elements 52 and 54 comprises, in the form of internally threaded and externally threaded portions, in particular starting from the distal end 68 of the second trial implant part 16 an internally threaded portion is out forms. A corresponding external thread section is approximately in the region of the equatorial plane 56 formed on a trial implant part, so that the two trial implant parts 12 and 16 can be screwed together. Otherwise, the trial implants 18 analogous to the in 7 formed trained.
  • An alternative snap connection between the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 is in 11 for example on the trial implant 18i shown. The connection device 50 includes first and second connecting elements 52 and 54 , That is, a locking edge which defines a substantially distally facing abutment surface and the shell flaps 72 projecting and in the radial direction on the longitudinal axis 32 pointing out latch 66 in a trial implantation position in which the trial implant parts 12 and 16 are interconnected, as in 11 shown, the locking edge 64 engage behind.
  • Another type of connection between the first trial implantation parts 12 and 16 is in 12 for example on the trial implant 18i shown. One from the second trial implant part 16 pointing in the distal direction protruding pin 82 is corresponding to the hole 36 at the first trial implant part 12a educated. The connecting device serves to connect the two parts in the trial implantation position 50 which is a radial from the longitudinal axis 32 pointing away, ring-bead-like projection 66 on the cone 82 which in the trial implantation position into a corresponding annular groove 56 , which is a second fasteners 54 defined, engages the bore. Other fasteners are not required to join the trial implant parts in this case.
  • A variant of related 12 described connection device 50 is at the in 13 exemplified sample implant 18i realized. In this case, the first connecting element forms 52 an annular groove on the pin 82 , in which one on the longitudinal axis 32 pointing ring-shaped, at the bore 36 arranged projection 66 of the first trial implant 12 intervenes in the trial implantation position.
  • It should be noted at this point that, where this is mechanically possible, the connecting elements of the connecting devices which are connected with one another and are in particular engaged in the trial implantation position 50 respectively 150 optionally can be arranged on one or the other trial implant part. In this respect, the embodiments described in connection with the figures are purely exemplary.
  • Finally, another variant of a connecting device is used by way of example in connection with the in 14 shown trial implant 18i described and illustrated. The in the variants, as in the 12 and 13 are shown, provided pin 82 tapers slightly conically in the distal direction. Conversely, the bore widens 36 corresponding to its proximal end correspondingly slightly conical. This allows the pin 82 in the consequently conically tapered bore in the distal direction 36 use until a connection is achieved via a frictional engagement. Thus, one uses cone clamping to benefit the first and second trial implant parts 12 and 16 to connect with each other in the trial implantation position.
  • The in connection with the 10 to 14 described connecting devices are analogous in principle to the cup inserts 120 transferable. In other words, the connecting devices could 150 analogous to those associated with the 10 to 14 described connecting devices 50 be educated.
  • The trial implants 18 may be wholly or partly made of metal or plastic. Preferably, the trial are implant parts 12 and 16 each formed in one piece.

Claims (53)

  1. Modular trial implant system ( 10 ) comprising at least one trial implant ( 18 ; 118 ), which has at least one first and at least one second, with the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ; 112 ) connectable second trial implant part ( 16 ; 116 ).
  2. Trial implant system according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one first and the at least one second trial implant part ( 12 . 16 ; 112 . 116 ) are releasably connectable to each other.
  3. Trial implant system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized by at least one connecting device ( 50 ; 150 ) for connecting the at least one first and the at least one second trial implant part ( 12 . 16 ; 112 . 116 ) in a trial implantation position.
  4. Trial implant system according to claim 3, characterized in that the at least one connecting device ( 50 ; 150 ) at least a first and at least one second connecting element ( 52 . 54 ; 152 . 154 ) that the one connecting element ( 52 ; 152 ) on at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ; 112 ) and that the other connecting element ( 54 ; 154 ) on at least one second trial implant part ( 16 ; 116 ) is arranged and that the at least one first and the at least one second connecting element ( 52 . 54 ; 152 . 154 ) are formed corresponding to each other and are engaged in the trial implantation position.
  5. Trial implant system according to claim 3 or 4, characterized in that the at least one connecting device ( 50 ; 150 ) in the form of egg ner locking and / or screw connection and / or force and / or positive connection is formed.
  6. Trial implant system according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the at least one first and / or the at least one second connecting element ( 52 . 54 ; 152 . 154 ) in the form of mutually corresponding locking elements ( 58 . 66 ; 158 . 166 ) are formed.
  7. Trial implant system according to claim 6, characterized in that the one latching element ( 58 ; 158 ) in the form of an annular groove ( 58 ; 158 ) or a Ringnutabschnitts and that the corresponding other locking element ( 66 ; 166 ) in the form of an annular bead ( 66 ; 166 ) or an annular bead portion is formed, which annular bead ( 66 ; 166 ) or annular bead portion in the trial implantation position in the annular groove ( 58 ; 158 ) or the annular groove portion dips or engages.
  8. Trial implant system according to one of claims 4 to 7, characterized in that the at least one first and / or the at least one second connecting element ( 52 . 54 ; 152 . 154 ) in the form of corresponding recordings ( 36 ; 58 ; 158 ) and projections ( 66 ; 82 ; 166 ) are formed, which in the trial implantation position positively and / or positively connected with each other and / or are screwed together.
  9. Trial implant system according to claim 8, since characterized in that the at least one first and the at least one second latching element ( 52 . 54 ) on the corresponding recordings ( 36 ) and projections ( 82 ) are arranged.
  10. Trial implant system according to one of claims 4 to 9, characterized in that the one of the at least two connecting elements ( 52 . 54 ; 152 . 154 ) an internally threaded portion ( 88 ; 188 ) and the other of the at least two connecting elements ( 52 . 54 ; 152 . 154 ) a corresponding external thread section ( 86 ; 186 ) exhibit.
  11. Trial implant system according to one of claims 3 to 10, characterized in that the connecting device ( 50 ; 150 ) rotationally symmetric with respect to a trial implant longitudinal axis ( 32 ; 132 ) is trained.
  12. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ; 112 ) a basic body ( 14 ; 114 ) of the trial implant system ( 10 ).
  13. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ; 112 ) is integrally formed.
  14. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one second trial implant part ( 16 ; 116 ) is integrally formed.
  15. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by at least two differently shaped first trial implant parts ( 12 ; 112 ).
  16. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by at least two differently shaped second trial implant parts ( 16 ; 116 ).
  17. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ; 112 ) at least two trial implant sub-parameters ( 76 . 78 ; 176 . 178 ) Are defined.
  18. Trial implant system according to claim 17, characterized in that the at least two differently shaped first trial implant parts ( 12 ; 112 ) in at least a first trial implant subparameter ( 76 ; 176 ).
  19. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by two, three, four, five, six or more first trial implant parts ( 12 ; 112 ).
  20. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by two, three, four, five, six or more with the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ; 112 ) connectable second trial implant parts ( 16 ; 116 ).
  21. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one second trial implant part ( 16 ; 116 ) at least two trial implant sub-parameters ( 76 . 78 ; 176 . 178 ) Are defined.
  22. Trial implant system according to claim 21, characterized in that the at least two differently shaped second trial implant parts ( 16 ; 116 ) in at least one second trial implant subparameter ( 76 . 78 ; 176 . 178 ).
  23. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one trial implant ( 18 ; 118 ) forms at least a part of a first probing joint part of an artificial probing joint.
  24. Trial implant system according to claim 23, characterized in that the artificial sample joint is an artificial trial hip joint with a sample joint pan ( 120 . 190 ) and a probing head ( 20 ).
  25. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by at least one trial implant ( 18 ) in the form of a probing head ( 20 ).
  26. Trial implant system according to claim 25, characterized in that the sample cone head ( 20 ) a condyle ( 22 ) and a connecting part ( 24 ).
  27. Trial implant system according to claim 26, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ) the condyle ( 22 ) and the connecting part ( 24 ).
  28. Trial implant system according to claim 26 or 27, characterized in that the connecting part ( 24 ) a neck recording ( 26 ) into which a pin-shaped neck portion ( 28 ) of a joint shaft ( 30 ) is insertable for connecting the Probenegelenkkopfs ( 20 ) with the joint shaft ( 30 ).
  29. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one second trial implant part ( 16 ) in the form of a condyle shell ( 42 ) is trained.
  30. Trial implant system according to claim 29, characterized in that the condyle ( 42 ) with the condyle ( 22 ) is connectable.
  31. Trial implant system according to any one of claims 25 to 30, characterized in that the sample cone head ( 20 ) at least two trial implant sub-parameters ( 76 . 78 ) Are defined.
  32. Trial implant system according to claim 31, characterized in that the at least one of the proboscis ( 20 ) first trial implant partial parameters ( 76 ) a condyle diameter of the trial implant ( 18 ) Are defined.
  33. Trial implant system according to claim 31 or 32, characterized in that the at least one of the proboscis ( 20 ) defined second trial implant subparameter ( 78 ) a connecting part length of the trial implant ( 18 ) Are defined.
  34. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ) a first trial implant subparameter ( 76 ) and that the at least one second trial implant part ( 16 ) a larger first trial implant subparameter ( 76 ) Are defined.
  35. Trial implant system according to one of claims 1 to 33, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 112 ) a first trial implant subparameter ( 176 ) and that the at least one second trial implant part ( 116 ) a smaller first trial implant partial parameter ( 176 ) Are defined.
  36. Trial implant system according to claim 34 or 35, characterized in that the second trial implant partial parameter ( 178 ) defines a minimum connection length.
  37. Trial implant system according to one of claims 34 to 36, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ) defines a minimum joint head diameter.
  38. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 12 ; 112 ) with at least two second trial implant parts ( 16 ; 116 ) is connectable.
  39. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one second trial implant part ( 16 ; 116 ) with at least two first trial implant parts ( 12 ; 112 ) is connectable.
  40. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by a trial implant ( 118 ) in the form of a with a sample joint pan ( 190 ) or socket ( 190 ) connectable socket insert ( 120 ), which with a corresponding probing 20 ) is engageable.
  41. Trial implant system according to claim 40, characterized in that the socket insert ( 120 ) a pan insert part ( 122 ) and a socket connection part ( 124 ).
  42. Trial implant system according to claim 41, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 112 ) the pan insert part ( 122 ) and the connecting part ( 124 ).
  43. Trial implant system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one second trial implant part ( 116 ) in the form of an insert reduction part ( 142 ) is trained.
  44. Trial implant system according to claim 43, characterized in that the insert reduction part ( 142 ) with the pan insert part ( 122 ) is connectable.
  45. Trial implant system according to one of claims 42 to 44, characterized in that the socket insert ( 120 ) at least two trial implant sub-parameters ( 176 ; 178 ) Are defined.
  46. Trial implant system according to claim 45, characterized in that the at least one of the socket insert ( 120 ) first trial implant partial parameters ( 176 ) a cup insert inner diameter of the trial implant ( 118 ) is defined.
  47. Trial implant system according to claim 45 or 46, characterized in that the at least one of the socket insert ( 120 ) defined second trial implant subparameter ( 178 ) a ladle height of the trial implant ( 118 ) Are defined.
  48. Trial implant system according to claim 47, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 112 ) defines a minimum pan height.
  49. Trial implant system according to claim 47, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 112 ) defines a maximum ladle height.
  50. Trial implant system according to one of claims 46 to 49, characterized in that the at least one first trial implant part ( 112 ) a maximum pan insert inside diameter ( 176 ) Are defined.
  51. Trial implant system according to one of claims 40 to 50, characterized by at least one corresponding to at least one proboscis ( 20 ) trained pan insert ( 120 ).
  52. Trial implant system according to one of Claims 25 to 51, characterized by at least one test shaft ( 30 ), with which the probing 20 ) is connectable.
  53. Trial implant system according to one of claims 40 to 52, characterized by at least one sample jig ( 190 ), with which the at least one pan insert ( 120 ) is connectable.
DE200820008565 2008-06-18 2008-06-18 Modular trial implant system Expired - Lifetime DE202008008565U1 (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010129660A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 Biomet Manufacturing Corp. Acetabular cup system
EP2429456A2 (en) * 2009-05-07 2012-03-21 Smith&Nephew, Inc. Modular trial heads for a prosthetic
EP2668930A1 (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-12-04 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Lateral entry insert for cup trial
US8663334B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2014-03-04 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Lateral entry insert for cup trial
US9421106B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2016-08-23 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Reverse shoulder baseplate with alignment guide for glenosphere
US10390972B2 (en) 2016-01-15 2019-08-27 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Humeral trial adaptor

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010129660A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 Biomet Manufacturing Corp. Acetabular cup system
US9820853B2 (en) 2009-05-06 2017-11-21 Biomet Manufacturing, Llc Acetabular cup system
EP2429456A2 (en) * 2009-05-07 2012-03-21 Smith&Nephew, Inc. Modular trial heads for a prosthetic
EP2429456A4 (en) * 2009-05-07 2014-09-03 Smith & Nephew Inc Modular trial heads for a prosthetic
US9421106B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2016-08-23 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Reverse shoulder baseplate with alignment guide for glenosphere
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US8906102B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2014-12-09 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Lateral entry insert for cup trial
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