DE202008008231U1 - Solar collector without pipe for heating water - Google Patents

Solar collector without pipe for heating water

Info

Publication number
DE202008008231U1
DE202008008231U1 DE202008008231U DE202008008231U DE202008008231U1 DE 202008008231 U1 DE202008008231 U1 DE 202008008231U1 DE 202008008231 U DE202008008231 U DE 202008008231U DE 202008008231 U DE202008008231 U DE 202008008231U DE 202008008231 U1 DE202008008231 U1 DE 202008008231U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
high
characterized
fiber layer
solar collector
energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
DE202008008231U
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tarakcioglu Isik Karsiyaka
Original Assignee
Tarakcioglu Isik Karsiyaka
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tarakcioglu Isik Karsiyaka filed Critical Tarakcioglu Isik Karsiyaka
Priority to DE202008008231U priority Critical patent/DE202008008231U1/en
Publication of DE202008008231U1 publication Critical patent/DE202008008231U1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/80Solar heat collectors using working fluids comprising porous material or permeable masses directly contacting the working fluids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

High-power solar collectors with a collector body (3) which can be positioned according to the geographical position, characterized in that it comprises:
At least one fibrous layer (1) positioned in the body (3) and having capillaries capable of absorbing solar energy to enable the solar collectors to convert solar energy into energy to a maximum extent,
- At least one fluid (2) with a high heat transfer capacity, with a low freezing temperature and a high boiling temperature.

Description

  • The The present invention relates to the use of textile surfaces instead of piping for the flow of water in solar panels used for the purpose of heating Water can be used.
  • by virtue of the fact that fossil fuels are not renewable energy sources and therefore will be used up after a certain time, as well as due to the threat of global warming, which is under the influence the greenhouse effect that takes place when burning this Fuels generated carbon dioxide is causing, the importance increases of alternative energy sources more and more.
  • From renewable and clean alternative energy sources, such as Example of hydroelectric energy, solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy, geothermal energy, and so on solar energy is the simplest and most commonly used source of energy.
  • Different as the conversion of solar energy into electrical energy below Use of photovoltaic batteries, finds the heating of water by solar energy already a very common today Application. Although different materials and designs used, is the common aspect of the current solar panels for heating of water in that the water heats up when it passes through the pipes flows, which are arranged in the collector.
  • Even though they are dependent differences in the structure of the collector and the material used An important part of the cost of solar panels caused by the pipes through which the water flows. The bigger the entire surface area the piping through which the water flows as it traverses the collector, this means the smaller the diameter of the pipes, and the larger the Length of Piping is the higher is the efficiency of the collector. Also the costs for the construction and the maintenance of the collector rise in parallel. Thanks to the present invention, solar panels, in which water can be heated with high efficiency, without the need be built on expensive and complicated piping systems.
  • The Principle of the invention is that water, rather than through Piping through black or dark colored textile surfaces in the Solar panels are pouring, to heat water.
  • The Textile surfaces, such as fabrics, felt, and so on, can either by weaving or by working the yarns formed from fibers or obtained directly from the fibers (for example by felting) become. In all textile surfaces There are tens of thousands and hundreds of thousands of capillaries in between the fibers.
  • If the water by means of a perforated or slotted pipe in a precisely distributed manner along the width of the collector fed from the upper edge to the front surface of a textile surface which is in a vertical or inclined position to a rear area is that water-impermeable is coated, then the water penetrates due to the capillary receptivity the textile surface in the textile surface one, whereupon the water travels through the capillaries in the textile surface trickles down.
  • 1 shows a perspective view of the solar collector without a pipeline according to a representative embodiment of the invention.
  • 1
    fiber layer
    2
    fluid
    3
    radiator
  • In the solar collector without a pipe for heating water, in 1 For example, the water may pass through heating, rather than through conduits, through single or multi-layered scrunched or non-scrim textile surfaces made hydrophobic by applying a weaving, knitting or non-weaving (non-woven, non-knitted) surface technique. hydrophilic fibers which are black or dark colored or formed from a mixture thereof.
  • In the high-performance solar collector, which has a collector body ( 3 ), which is positioned according to the geographical position, the solar panels can use solar energy by means of at least one fiber layer ( 1 ) in the body ( 3 ) and has the capillaries that absorb the solar energy converted to energy to a maximum extent. By means of at least one fluid ( 2 ), that of the fiber layer ( 1 ) absorbs absorbed solar energy to the collection tank and has a high heat transfer capacity, a low freezing temperature and a high boiling temperature, the solar collectors can convert the solar energy into energy to a maximum extent.
  • The fiber layer ( 1 ) can be a hydrophobic, hydrophilic textile with a dark color or a mixture thereof. According to another embodiment, the fiber layer ( 1 ) a hydrophobic hydrophilic knitted element having a dark color, or a mixture thereof. According to a further embodiment, the fiber layer ( 1 ) a single or multi-layered structure formed by non-weaving, non-weaving / non-working surface techniques in a dark color. The fiber layer ( 1 ) is preferably a layer with a dimpled or unvarnished textile surface in a dark color.
  • Based on the conditions of use, the fluid ( 2 ) an oil mixture having a high heat transfer capacity and a low freezing temperature. The fluid ( 2 ) heats the air under normal operating conditions. In another embodiment, the fluid ( 2 ) Heat water or another liquid.
  • The fiber structure ( 1 ) is preferably a textile product. Depending on characteristics, such as the type of textile surface (woven, knitted, non-woven surface), the texture of the textile surface (spaces, density, thickness, texture, creased or not creased, roughened or smooth, etc.), the structure of the yarn in the case that the surface is not woven (number, twist, and so on), the properties of the fiber used (hydrophobic, hydrophilic, mixture, thinness, length, etc.) Time required for the water to flow (seeps) from the top of a one meter long textile surface positioned at an angle of 45 ° to its lower edge, for a period of time ranging from a few seconds up to is more than 10 minutes, and this is also based on the flow rate of the supplied water.
  • The fiber layer ( 1 ) has tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands of fibers. The surface areas of the textile surfaces through which the water flows are much larger than the surface areas of the other materials. The absorption of the solar rays incident on the textile surfaces by the black or dark colored textile surfaces as well as the transfer of them to the water, which is in the tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands of capillaries between the fibers, take place with a very high efficiency.
  • Of the Evaporating part of the water that starts to be absorbed by solar energy to warm, lead, even slightly first to a formation of haze and then to a condensation on the cold Collector glass, especially during the winter months. This phenomenon, which reduces the efficiency is when the glass is heated and, in one even shorter Time when using Thermopane eliminated.
  • The System can by directly heating the Water, that is, by directly using the obtained hot water, and also by guiding the obtained hot water through a heat exchanger be operated to enable that this is the water outside of the same indirectly warms up. In the case of indirect operation, the manufacturing and operating costs are light and the efficiency is reduced slightly, but the problem of limescale formation can be avoided on textile surfaces and even the condensation problem on the glass can be eliminated Be sure to add a suitable liquid with a high boiling temperature instead of water in this closed System is circulated.
  • According to the invention is therefore used in this solar collector, which is used for heating Water, the water (or a suitable liquid, if indirect heating desired by water ), so that it heats up instead of piping through single or multi-layered, dimpled or non-knotted textile surfaces performed by applying one of web, real or non-web (non-web non-effective) surface techniques hydrophobic, hydrophilic, black or dark colored fibers or a mixture thereof.

Claims (6)

  1. High-power solar collectors with a collector body ( 3 ) positionable according to the geographical position, characterized in that it comprises: - at least one fiber layer ( 1 ) in the body ( 3 ) and having capillaries capable of absorbing the solar energy to allow the solar collectors to convert the solar energy into energy to a maximum extent, at least one fluid ( 2 ) with a high heat transfer capacity, a low freezing temperature and a high boiling temperature.
  2. High-power solar collector according to claim 1, characterized in that the fiber layer ( 1 ) is a hydrophobic or hydrophilic woven fabric in a dark color and / or a mixture thereof.
  3. High-power solar collector according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the fiber layer ( 1 ) is a hydrophobic or hydrophilic knitted element in a dark color and / or a mixture thereof.
  4. High-power solar collector according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the fiber layer ( 1 ) is a multi-layered or single-layered, dark-colored surface formed by non-weaving, non-weaving / non-knitting surface techniques.
  5. High-power solar collector according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the fiber layer ( 1 ) is a layer with a dimpled or unvarnished textile surface in a dark color.
  6. High-power solar collector according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the fluid ( 2 ) is an oil mixture having a high heat transfer capacity and a low freezing temperature.
DE202008008231U 2008-06-19 2008-06-19 Solar collector without pipe for heating water Expired - Lifetime DE202008008231U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202008008231U DE202008008231U1 (en) 2008-06-19 2008-06-19 Solar collector without pipe for heating water

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202008008231U DE202008008231U1 (en) 2008-06-19 2008-06-19 Solar collector without pipe for heating water

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE202008008231U1 true DE202008008231U1 (en) 2008-09-11

Family

ID=39744627

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE202008008231U Expired - Lifetime DE202008008231U1 (en) 2008-06-19 2008-06-19 Solar collector without pipe for heating water

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE202008008231U1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010093339A3 (en) * 2009-02-16 2010-11-11 Isik Tarakcioglu Textile based solar collector
WO2012143177A3 (en) * 2011-04-18 2013-03-14 Sandvik Materials Technology Deutschland Gmbh Flat-plate solar collector, method for producing a flat-plate solar collector and solar thermal system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010093339A3 (en) * 2009-02-16 2010-11-11 Isik Tarakcioglu Textile based solar collector
WO2012143177A3 (en) * 2011-04-18 2013-03-14 Sandvik Materials Technology Deutschland Gmbh Flat-plate solar collector, method for producing a flat-plate solar collector and solar thermal system

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
R207 Utility model specification

Effective date: 20081016

R156 Lapse of ip right after 3 years

Effective date: 20120103