DE19725712A1 - Process for producing a soundproofing element for buildings - Google Patents

Process for producing a soundproofing element for buildings

Info

Publication number
DE19725712A1
DE19725712A1 DE19725712A DE19725712A DE19725712A1 DE 19725712 A1 DE19725712 A1 DE 19725712A1 DE 19725712 A DE19725712 A DE 19725712A DE 19725712 A DE19725712 A DE 19725712A DE 19725712 A1 DE19725712 A1 DE 19725712A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
characterized
method according
mat
buildings
producing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE19725712A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Arne Petersohn
Original Assignee
Arne Petersohn
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19720082 priority Critical
Application filed by Arne Petersohn filed Critical Arne Petersohn
Priority to DE19725712A priority patent/DE19725712A1/en
Priority claimed from EP98108701A external-priority patent/EP0878589A3/en
Publication of DE19725712A1 publication Critical patent/DE19725712A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/82Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to sound only
    • E04B1/84Sound-absorbing elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/82Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to sound only
    • E04B1/84Sound-absorbing elements
    • E04B1/86Sound-absorbing elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B2001/742Use of special materials; Materials having special structures or shape
    • E04B2001/745Vegetal products, e.g. plant stems, barks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B2001/742Use of special materials; Materials having special structures or shape
    • E04B2001/746Recycled materials, e.g. made of used tires, bumpers or newspapers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/82Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to sound only
    • E04B1/84Sound-absorbing elements
    • E04B2001/8457Solid slabs or blocks
    • E04B2001/8461Solid slabs or blocks layered
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/20Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in buildings, dwellings or related infrastructures
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/241Thermal insulation technologies with adaptation potential
    • Y02A30/244Thermal insulation technologies with adaptation potential characterized by the use of locally available building materials
    • Y02A30/245Thermal insulation technologies with adaptation potential characterized by the use of locally available building materials of vegetal origin, e.g. thatching or straw

Description

The invention relates to a method for producing a Soundproofing element for buildings, especially for application on floors and / or ceilings and / or for installation as Fillings in components such as doors.

The improvement of sound insulation in apartments, houses and office space is becoming increasingly important for the quality of the Living and working in these rooms. In the past was due to cost reasons, ignorance or because of lack of regulations not always sufficient on the Sound insulation respected. Therefore, not only in new buildings, but also a significant one, especially for renovations Need for additional measures necessary to get one to achieve today's sound insulation chen. Because the necessary interventions in the existing Building fabric depend on many factors and often even are not permitted by installing additional  Materials tried to provide the necessary sound insulation to reach.

To achieve sound insulation, always "Spring mass systems" used. The "mass" is usually from Masonry, partitions or ceilings shown, provided that The construction and the building material meet this requirement. The "spring" form porous systems that control airborne sound record and destroy the sound energy by friction. Such porous systems are often used for thermal protection. Unfortunately, this is usually in the foreground, and it becomes the low acoustic performance of the thermal insulation systems considered sufficient for sound insulation.

Also found as thermal insulation elements in the past Cotton fibers in the form of needled fleeces or as Carpets or the like. Application. However, a fleece has that Disadvantage that there is no smooth or flat surface bil det. Therefore, these needled nonwovens can only be used with great difficulty can be combined with other fabrics. Furthermore needled fleeces have a higher density.

Also used in the past as soundproofing elements Plastic-based foams used. Own them a low density and thus poor acoustics effectiveness.

The present invention is based on the object Procedure of the above Kind of develop with at the expense manufactured effective way soundproofing elements can be.

To solve this problem, the recycled tree wool fibers are pressed into a plate or mat.

According to the circular economy law, reprocessed raw materials and used in the economy  cycle are transferred. Cotton fibers fall especially when recycling automobiles or when Recycling of textile assembly sections industry, etc.

This creates large amounts of cotton fibers, one of which must be used for other purposes. In the present In this case, they are primarily intended for the production of Soundproofing elements are used.

According to the present method, the cotton fibers distributed and stored by an air flow so that a Fleece of any thickness with an unordered fiber layer arises. A binder is then preferred for this nonwoven added. The binder is again preferably a thermosetting or thermoplastic, phenolic resin-free binder, so that ent speaking environmental requirements is taken into account. According to the invention, water glass can also be used to solidify the Fleece can be used. The fleece is then under pressure, usually in a press, to a plate or mat pressed. This plate or mat is given by the Press pressure a strength that lasts for many years Functionality guaranteed. In contrast to the as Impact sound insulation offered materials, such as corrugated cardboard, Foam sheet or the like drops the plate according to the invention not after a short time in itself, but remains stable.

The mats or plates are opened by the pressing process a thickness adjusted to the application and can now also be used with other materials, such as nonwovens or foils combined as vapor barriers or barriers the. In combination with a heavy film, tree wool mat and heavy film an independent "spring-mass system", which is very beneficial.  

The cotton fiber has a special structure good acoustic properties. According to the present Er It should be used for the following sound insulation tasks be placed:

1. Impact sound insulation

E.g. the cotton plate serves as a base under real wooden parquet, laminate floors and wooden floors of all kinds for ver reduction of the impact sound. So far parquet and other foot floors are not glued to the subsurface fig documents for moisture and sound insulation available ten or prescribed. These documents are ge separates from the flooring material and must also be ge be laid separately. According to the present invention, for whom independent protection is also sought a soundproofing material and in particular the one mentioned above Cotton mat already at the manufacturer to the wood or la mini panels are glued so that when laying the One step is no longer required. Because the documents are common are offered as rolls, they must be before Embarrassed to be rolled out a day or two in advance, so that they lie flat on the floor without any problems. The Invention is therefore not just a win through Reduce the work of the parquet installer, but it there is no longer any temporal gain necessary treatment of the documents. As glued Sound insulation material can also be cork, for example.

To above all, the effectiveness of the cotton mat in the Be rich of low frequencies, it can improve on the the side facing the parquet with a film of paper or plastic.  

2. Wall coverings

If walls are clad with wood or plastic panels, so can be through a layer of cotton panels that underneath hung, nailed or ge easily on the wall be stuck, the soundproofing can be significantly improved. Here, too, a missing mass, e.g. B. in old buildings, by combining the cotton plate with the heavy foil to be replaced.

3. Door panels for soundproof doors

The need for soundproof doors - especially for the Apartment entrance doors - constantly increasing. The use thick wooden doors, as they can be purchased in stores, are opposed to the considerable costs of converting the Door frames and the anchoring of the frames in the wall gently. The combination of two tree according to the invention wool panels with a heavy film in between pass the dB reductions required by DIN the strength of a normal apartment door.

Claims (8)

1. A method for producing a soundproofing element for buildings, in particular for application to floors, walls and / or ceilings and / or for introduction as fillings in components such as doors, characterized in that recycled cotton fibers are pressed into a plate or mat.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the fibers are preferred with one before pressing thermosetting or thermoplastic free of phenolic resin Binder are added.
3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the fibers before pressing with water glass as a bandage to be transferred medium.
4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized records that on the plate or mat a cover fleece and / or a film is applied.
5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that a heavy film is used as the film.
6. Process for producing a soundproofing element for Buildings in particular for application to floors, walls and / or ceilings, characterized in that soundproofing material is glued to wood or laminate panels, be before this is interpreted.  
7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the soundproofing material made from recycled cotton fibers exists, which are pressed into a plate or mat.
8. The method according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in net that between the soundproofing material and the Panels inlaid a sheet of paper or plastic becomes.
DE19725712A 1997-05-14 1997-06-18 Process for producing a soundproofing element for buildings Withdrawn DE19725712A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19720082 1997-05-14
DE19725712A DE19725712A1 (en) 1997-05-14 1997-06-18 Process for producing a soundproofing element for buildings

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19725712A DE19725712A1 (en) 1997-05-14 1997-06-18 Process for producing a soundproofing element for buildings
EP98108701A EP0878589A3 (en) 1997-05-14 1998-05-13 Method for manufactoring a sound absorbing element for buildings

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE19725712A1 true DE19725712A1 (en) 1998-11-19

Family

ID=7829370

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE19725712A Withdrawn DE19725712A1 (en) 1997-05-14 1997-06-18 Process for producing a soundproofing element for buildings

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE19725712A1 (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19832721A1 (en) * 1998-07-21 2000-01-27 Sandler C H Gmbh Composite sheet for use as outer layer in an expanded foam sandwich comprises a natural fiber textile layer, an extensible layer, and a thermoplastic layer which penetrates into the other layers and acts as bonding agent
DE10151614C1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2003-04-24 Kaindl Wals M Floor panel has a sound-improving layer provided on its bottom side which is attached by means of an amino plastic material
DE102005002303A1 (en) * 2005-01-17 2006-07-27 Pelzer Acoustic Products Gmbh Floor or wall comprises mineral or ceramic outer surface, adhesive layer and insulating layer containing fibrous support material
DE102005021662A1 (en) * 2005-05-06 2006-11-16 Johannes Schulte Floor tile has insulating layer located between backing plate and wear layer and formed by heavy foil
DE202016100525U1 (en) 2016-02-03 2016-05-09 Michael Eisele Schallabsorptionslement

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19832721A1 (en) * 1998-07-21 2000-01-27 Sandler C H Gmbh Composite sheet for use as outer layer in an expanded foam sandwich comprises a natural fiber textile layer, an extensible layer, and a thermoplastic layer which penetrates into the other layers and acts as bonding agent
DE10151614C1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2003-04-24 Kaindl Wals M Floor panel has a sound-improving layer provided on its bottom side which is attached by means of an amino plastic material
DE102005002303A1 (en) * 2005-01-17 2006-07-27 Pelzer Acoustic Products Gmbh Floor or wall comprises mineral or ceramic outer surface, adhesive layer and insulating layer containing fibrous support material
DE102005021662A1 (en) * 2005-05-06 2006-11-16 Johannes Schulte Floor tile has insulating layer located between backing plate and wear layer and formed by heavy foil
DE202016100525U1 (en) 2016-02-03 2016-05-09 Michael Eisele Schallabsorptionslement

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
8139 Disposal/non-payment of the annual fee