DE19721870A1 - Metal wind instrument with valve block, mouth-piece and curved slide piece - Google Patents

Metal wind instrument with valve block, mouth-piece and curved slide piece

Info

Publication number
DE19721870A1
DE19721870A1 DE19721870A DE19721870A DE19721870A1 DE 19721870 A1 DE19721870 A1 DE 19721870A1 DE 19721870 A DE19721870 A DE 19721870A DE 19721870 A DE19721870 A DE 19721870A DE 19721870 A1 DE19721870 A1 DE 19721870A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
sliding
bend
valve block
assigned
valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE19721870A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Ronald Dietze
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DIETZE, RONALD, 09111 CHEMNITZ, DE
Original Assignee
Ronald Dietze
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ronald Dietze filed Critical Ronald Dietze
Priority to DE19721870A priority Critical patent/DE19721870A1/en
Publication of DE19721870A1 publication Critical patent/DE19721870A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/10Lip-reed wind instruments, i.e. using the vibration of the musician's lips, e.g. cornets, trumpets, trombones or French horns
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/01Tuning devices

Abstract

The valve block (1) contains at least three valves with curved pipes of different lengths. The mouthpiece (2) and sound-pipe (3) have a movable curved slide piece (4). The whole length of the pipe which can be altered by the curved pipe is greater than the pipe length for a half-tone. The dampened positioning stops (41) are arranged in at least two separate positions. the valve block has holders (14) for the valve-playing hand.

Description

The invention relates to a brass instrument with a valve block, containing at least three valves, to which pipe elbows of different lengths are assigned are, with a mouth pipe and with a sound tube, the mouth and / or Sound tube is assigned a sliding slide.

A brass instrument of the type mentioned is u. a. through DE 17 72 973 A1 known. The trumpet described there has a usual one Valve block with three valves. Each valve (three-way valve) has a pipe bend assigned a certain length, which is the root of the trumpet by one certain size changed.

The pipe bends can each be provided with an adjustable sliding bend Adjustment is made for the purpose of adjusting the tones. One of these sliding arches usually it is that of the third valve - is also adjustable during the game.

The player can thus correct the tone currently being played.  

The tones of one can be combined with the valve control of a certain area.

In addition, the length of the leadpipe is within narrow limits bar. The same applies to the sound tube.

One leg of the slide bend of the sound tube is on a fixed inner one Pipe section axially displaceable, so that a largely exact adjustment of the Pitch of the instrument becomes possible.

Once the optimal position of the sound tube has been found, this position is fixed. The The sound tube and the slide bow remain in this position during the game.

Such a trumpet is very well suited for playing in the usual form. You can change the pitch of the trumpet by moving the sound tube in Set limits and the critical tones, especially that of the third venti correct les.

However, you are not able to play so-called bendings. Ben It should be understood here that tones start from an output level, gradually changing to a different pitch. Such a the way of playing known from the guitar is very tight on the trumpets Set limits. Such tone changes are usually only with the Lips playable. However, the corresponding skills are very rare to be found.

DE 35 19 154 A1 describes a trumpet as prior art ben, in which each valve is assigned an adjustable sliding bend.  

However, these sliding arches are fixed after setting the tones, one Correction during the game is provided for at most on one slide.

This document also describes a trumpet using keys three mechanical linkages are operated, each adjustable with the help of one Slide the key on each key to change the pitch. With the Be actuation of the key, the slide bend is moved from a starting position into the posi tion shifted in which the desired tone can be realized.

Such an arrangement does not allow a normal playing of pieces of music because each tone by gradually changing its frequency from one Root tone to the target tone must be varied.

Playing common music with step-wise adjustable pitches is included such a trumpet is not possible.

The international patent application WO 80/02885 describes a trumpet a so-called control rod is arranged. This control rod has Coupling elements to several sliding bends, one of which Glide bend is also assigned to the leadpipe.

This control rod is over the thumb of the game hand for the valves Lever linkage movable and is suitable - coordinated to each other - the Gleitbo to adjust the third valve and the sliding elbow of the leadpipe.

This arrangement is also unsatisfactory. Gradual tonver Realize changes only in the sense of a tone correction.  

The present invention is intended to achieve the object in addition to a clean one Play with the valves another variation of the pitch after one Complement curve shape with gradual transition to neighboring tones.

The trumpet should be playable clean and largely arbitrary Coordination of tones with gradual transition and tones with gradual Enable transition. The requirements for the trumpet player should limited in skill.

According to the invention the object is characterized by the features of claim 1 solved easily. The essence of the invention is that subsequently eats every note - starting in a certain, fixed starting position of the sliding arc - by gradually changing the position of the sliding bend over long distances, a gradual change in tone can be triggered.

It should be noted, however, that after this gradual over ganges or after the sound-free or sounding resetting of the sliding bends in is held in a precisely defined position and playing with the levels Tones changed wisely taking into account the current position certain new pitch of the trumpet is continued.

The range of playing options for the combined valve-train trumpet can be significantly expanded by the invention.

By designing the positioning for the slide bend according to claim 2 ensures that the default setting of the trumpet after each changing tones quickly and regularly is guaranteed and the Ab measurements of the trumpet can be kept to a minimum.  

With the arrangement of locking elements in several positions, one can Playing the trumpet successively in several pitches and the transitions Gradually shape between the pitches. By adjusting the rest elements along the trajectory of the slide can be used for any pitch adjust cleanly.

With the arrangement of drive elements for the sliding bend according to claim 4 you can meet the requirements for the player regarding the necessary coor reduce dination ability.

The program control of the engine can perform regular coordination actions by recording and evaluating the respective actual conditions without any problems To run.

With the arrangement of the mouth and sound tube to the valve block - after Claim 5 - you can get the usual high pitch of a trumpet and additionally ensure the gradual variation of the tones.

The support rail defined in claim 6 with a holding loop ensures a the trumpet is held securely by the playing hand for the valves, so that the Game hand for the slide arch is largely freed from the holding function.

With the embodiment according to claim 7 you can the area of bending enlarge without changing the overall dimensions and pitch.  

The invention will be explained in more detail below using two exemplary embodiments will. In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is a side view of a trumpet, in which the slip-sheet is associated with the sound tube,

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the trumpet according to Fig. 1, wherein the hopper of the acoustic tube has been partially omitted with the aim of a better illustration of the functional elements,

Fig. 3 shows a second variant of the trumpet according to the invention, in which the adjustable slide bend is assigned to the leadpipe and

Fig. 4 is a plan view of the trumpet of FIG. 3.

The valve block 1 forms the load-bearing basic element of the trumpet according to FIG. 1 . This valve block 1 consists of four valves, which are designed and operated in a conventional manner.

A pipe bend of a certain length is assigned to each of these valves, so that each valve is used to produce a different tone. Through the Kombina tation of the effects of several valves, tones can be gradually adjusted within of a wide range can be neatly graduated.

In the present case, the mouth pipe 2 opens after a short distance into the valve 11 which is closest to the mouth piece 21 .

At the last valve 12 , which is furthest away from the mouthpiece 21 , a fixed sliding tube 31 is fastened, on which one leg of the sliding arc 4 can slide. This sliding tube 31 is part of the sound tube 3 .

The end of the sound tube 3 is attached to the side of the valve block 1 . It has on its lower side a sliding tube 32 on which the sliding arch 4 can slide with its second leg. This sliding tube 32 and the sliding tube 31 on the last valve 12 have a length of at least 10 cm.

With trumpets of the usual pitch, this glide length can be extended to 15 cm and more. The sliding arch 4 has a handle 42 .

A further handle 13 and or 13 'can be attached to the valve body 1 , into which the player inserts the thumb of his left hand. With the index or middle finger of this hand, the player grips the handle 42 on the sliding arch 4 . The player is thereby able to move the slide bow 4 sensitively within the possible glide path and without tearing the trumpet.

To define the respective position of the slide bow 4 , in which the trumpet can play tones in a predetermined pitch, is a guide rail 5 with elastic locking elements 51 , 52 , 53 arranged below the slide bow 4 - attached to the lower part of the valve block 1 , which are adjustable and lockable along the sliding path of the sliding arc 4 .

A cam 41 on the sliding arc 4 works together with the locking elements 51 , 52 , 53 . If the cam 41 is located between two elevations of an elastic locking element 51 , 52 , 53 , it automatically moves the sliding arch 4 into a position which corresponds to the lowest point of the respective locking element 51 , 52 , 53 . The valves can be played with a clean pitch.

Experience has shown that after a bend has been carried out, it is necessary to bring the slide arch 4 back into the starting position quickly and exactly - as toneless as possible. This goal is supported by the spring 43 , which pulls the sliding arch 4 into the effective area of the locking element 53 .

The spring 43 detects the sliding arc 4 in the region of the handle 42 and pulls it in the direction of the spring hook 54 on the guide rail 5 . A spiral spring is shown in FIG. 1. It is also possible to use rubber springs. These work completely silently.

Instead of a single guide rail 5 , two separate rails can also be provided. One of the rails is assigned to sliding bend 4 and the other to sliding bend 123 . For reasons of stability, it is advisable to connect the outer ends of both rails to one another.

The design of the handles can be varied in a variation of the shape shown. The important thing here is that convenient and safe handling is possible. An individually adapted shape cannot be ruled out. For example, it is also possible to provide a plurality of handles in different positions, as is shown in the example of the rings 13 and 13 'in FIG. 1.

This manual displacement of the sliding arc 4 shown here can of course also be carried out with the help of a position-oriented controlled motor. This motor, which is not shown here, can be fastened to the valve block 1 and move the slide bend 4 via a spindle.

This motor can control and amplifier in a conventional manner units are assigned that have programs with which the engine for example, a corresponding bending after a certain key signal can perform or the trumpet is automatically transferred to a different pitch.

Using appropriate sensors, this program can detect the respective position of the motor and thus of the sliding arc 4 and take this into account when selecting and executing the program.

The program can also control a shutter which enables the slide arches 4 , 123 to be reset soundlessly. The energy for this motor can be provided via a flexible cable and / or a battery.

The additionally possible spectrum of the tones of a trumpet naturally requires - while maintaining a maximum tube length - an additional variable tube length. This additional tube length can be obtained by shortening the mouth tube 2 and / or sound tube 3 if the overall pitch of the trumpet should not undergo a fundamental change.

The embodiment according to FIGS. 1 and 2 represents an optimized embodiment in this sense.

The design of the valve block 1 and its assignment to the mouth pipe 2 and sound pipe 3 make an important contribution to solving this problem.

The fourth valve 12 ( FIG. 1), which is not shown here regularly, is intended to expand the range of tones into the low register, where the sliding arch 4 remains unactuated in its position.

With the fourth valve 12 , intonation corrections can also be carried out with certain auxiliary handles. This fourth valve 12 is an essential feature of the trumpet described.

The pipe bend of this fourth valve 12 can be made adjustable - in the same way as the sliding bend 4 of the sound pipe 3 .

For this purpose, 12 slide tubes 121 , 122 are attached to the valve body here.

The slide bend 123 can be moved manually between the locking element 56 and the stop 128 by means of the handle 124 . The spring 126 supports the reset process. It pulls this sliding elbow 123 with the spring hook 125 to firmly hold the spring hook 55 on the guide rail 5 .

The handle 124 of this slide arch 123 can be operated independently of the handle 42 of the slide arm 4 but also simultaneously with this handle 42 . When the valve 12 is pressed, the variable tones and the range of the so-called. Bendings can be enlarged. In the case of the embodiment according to FIG. 1, a bending of 2.5 tones can be achieved.

In the case of the described trumpet, it is necessary to assign the function of the left hand almost exclusively to the operation of the handles 42 and 124 of the sliding arches 4 and 123 . The right hand, which was used almost exclusively to operate the valves, must now also take over the holding function for the instrument.

This purpose is served by the loop 14 , which is attached to the lower region of the valve block 1 . This loop 14 can u. U. can be combined with a support rail 64 , as shown in Fig. 4.

In FIGS. 3 and 4, another embodiment is shown of a trumpet according to the invention. The valve block 6 has only three valves here.

The sliding bend 74 , which can be adjusted over a large distance, is assigned to the leadpipe 7 here. The fixed part of the mouth pipe 7 , which also carries the mouthpiece 71 , is held in the upper region of the valve block 6 . The first leg of the slide bend 74 slides on this fixed leadpipe 7 , which - designed as a slide tube 72 - extends far behind the valve block 6 .

The second sliding tube 73 of the mouth tube 7 is connected to the last valve 61 of the valve block 6 and extends parallel to the upper, fixed part of the mouth tube 7 . The lower leg of the sliding arc 74 slides on it.

A spring 75 is assigned to the sliding arch 74 here. It pulls the sliding arc 74 in the direction of the spring hook 94 on the guide rail 9 .

The guide rail 9 is here U-shaped for the purpose of its stabilization. It carries displaceable and lockable locking elements 91 , 92 , 93 . This locking elements 91 , 92 , 93 interact with a corresponding stop or Noc ken 77 on the sliding arc 74 . With them you can fix the position of the Gleitbo gene 74 in the position in which clean tones can be generated in the desired pitch with the valves.

The locking elements 77 ; 91 , 92 , 93 can be designed so that corresponding elastic inclined sliding surfaces - as shown in the locking elements 51 , 52 , 53 in Fig. 1 - center the sliding arc 74 in the desired position even when it is by the left hand - with support the spring 75 - was not exactly stopped.

The sound tube 8 is assigned to the first valve 62 here. The first valve 62 is located close to the mouthpiece 71 .

Also in this embodiment of the trumpet as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, it is necessary to liberate the left hand from the holding function largely.

For this purpose, 6 support rails 63 and 64 are attached to the valve block here. The lower support rail 64 also has side support brackets, which largely produce the form fit between the hand and the instrument without impairing the mobility of the fingers.

The thumb can be inserted into the ring 65 . The upper support rail 63 then fixes the instrument exactly in the playing position. It is avoided that the game hand touches the sound tube 8 .

In particular, the lower support rail 64 can be designed in very different ways. It is possible to assign an adjustable loop to it. It is also conceivable to design them as an open U-profile.

In both variants of this trumpet, it is the case that the sliding arch 4 , 123 ; As a rule, a game with gradually changing tones is temporarily completed by a long, gradually changing tone towards a higher or lower pitch.

After this gradual change in tone has ended, the player pauses the blowing for a short time. During this time, the sliding arch is either by hand and / or spring returned to its starting position. He can also in a new position in which the trumpet is in a different pitch can be continued.

The possible variations of the game thus expand compared to Playing style of the traditional trumpet essential. The player surrender new possibilities for the design of his game.  

Reference list

1

Valve block

11

Valve (near mouthpiece)

111

Elbows

12th

Valve (far from mouthpiece)

121

Sliding tube

122

Sliding tube

123

Sliding bend

124

Handle

125

Spring hook

126

feather

127

Cams (locking element)

128

attack

13

,

13

'' Retaining ring

14

loop

2nd

Leadpipe

21

Mouthpiece

3rd

Sound tube

31

Guide tube (firmly on the valve

12th

connected)

32

Sliding tube

4th

Sliding bend

41

Cams (locking element)

42

Handle

43

feather

5

Guide rail

51

Locking element

52

Locking element

53

Locking element

54

Spring hook

55

Spring hook

56

Locking element (for sliding bends

123

)

6

Valve block

61

Valve

62

Valve

63

Support rail

64

Support rail

65

Retaining ring

7

Leadpipe

71

Mouthpiece

72

Sliding tube

73

Sliding tube

74

Sliding bend

75

feather

76

Handle

8th

Sound tube

9

Guide rail

91

Locking element

92

Locking element

93

Locking element

94

Spring hook

Claims (7)

1. Brass instrument
  • - With a valve block ( 1 , 6 ) containing at least three valves, to which pipe elbows of different lengths are assigned,
  • - With a leadpipe ( 2 , 7 ) and with a sound tube ( 3 , 8 )
  • - wherein the mouth and / or sound tube ( 2 , 7 ; 3 , 8 ) is assigned a displaceable slide bend ( 4 , 74 ),
characterized by
that the total pipe length that can be changed by the sliding bend ( 4 , 123 , 74 ) is greater than the pipe length related to half a tone,
that damping stops ( 41 ; 51 , 52 , 53 ; 56 , 128 ; 91 , 92 , 93 ) which position the sliding arc ( 4 , 123 , 74 ) are assigned in at least two positions which are at a distance from one another and
that on the valve block ( 1 , 6 ) holding means ( 14 ; 63 , 64 , 65 , 14 ) for the game hand of the valves are arranged.
2. Brass instrument according to claim 1, characterized in
that one of the stops ( 51 , 91 , 128 ) for the sliding bend ( 4 , 123 , 74 ) is arranged ( 51 ; 128 ) in the region of its highest tone directly on the valve block ( 1 , 6 ) and
that each slide bend ( 4 , 123 , 74 ) is assigned a return spring ( 43 , 126 , 75 ) in the respective outer position.
3. Brass instrument according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the sliding arch ( 4 , 74 ) is assigned a latching arrangement ( 51 , 52 , 53 ; 91 , 92 , 93 ) for more than two positions,
  • - Of which a locking element ( 41 , 127 , 77 ) on the slide bend ( 4 , 123 , 74 ) and
  • at least two further latching elements ( 51 , 52 , 53 ; 56 , 128 ; 91 , 92 , 93 ) are arranged on a guide rail ( 5 ; 9 ) firmly held on the valve block ( 1 , 6 ), and are arranged such that they can be fixed,
  • - A detent position ( 51 , 52 ; 91 , 92 ) with long, elastic centering bevels are provided at least in the range of two tones.
4. Brass instrument according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in
that the sliding bend ( 4 , 74 ) is assigned a position-oriented controlled motor with thrust gear and control unit, and
that the control unit has at least programs for executing continuous tone changes.
5. Brass instrument according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in
that the mouth pipe ( 2 ) opens into the valve ( 11 ) which is the mouthpiece ( 21 ) closest and
that the sound tube ( 3 ) begins at the valve ( 12 ) facing away from the mouthpiece ( 21 ).
6. Brass instrument according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the valve block ( 1 , 6 ) is assigned at least one support rail ( 63 , 64 ) and / or a holding loop ( 14 ) for the game hand of the valves.
7. Brass instrument according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in
that the pipe bend of the fourth valve ( 12 ) is equipped with a sliding bend ( 123 ) and
that this slide arc ( 123 ) has a return spring ( 126 ) and locking elements ( 56 , 128 ) in at least two positions.
DE19721870A 1997-05-16 1997-05-16 Metal wind instrument with valve block, mouth-piece and curved slide piece Withdrawn DE19721870A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19721870A DE19721870A1 (en) 1997-05-16 1997-05-16 Metal wind instrument with valve block, mouth-piece and curved slide piece

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19721870A DE19721870A1 (en) 1997-05-16 1997-05-16 Metal wind instrument with valve block, mouth-piece and curved slide piece

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE19721870A1 true DE19721870A1 (en) 1998-11-19

Family

ID=7830460

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE19721870A Withdrawn DE19721870A1 (en) 1997-05-16 1997-05-16 Metal wind instrument with valve block, mouth-piece and curved slide piece

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE19721870A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1837854A3 (en) * 2006-03-24 2015-05-27 Yamaha Corporation Wind musical instrument equipped with slide and supporting system for assisting player in performance

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE200583C (en) *
US1317065A (en) * 1919-09-23 baker
US1330806A (en) * 1919-01-25 1920-02-17 Holton Frank Musical wind instrument
DE337267C (en) * 1920-10-28 1921-05-27 Paul Suchy Wind instrument with Kesselmundstueck and a plurality of trains which are telescopically guided one above the other
US2738696A (en) * 1952-11-05 1956-03-20 Ritterbach Siegfried Tone adjusting means for brass wind instruments
US3847051A (en) * 1974-01-11 1974-11-12 J Miller Hand support attachment for a trumpet or like instrument
DE3519154A1 (en) * 1985-05-29 1986-12-04 Ulrich Nolte Intonation slide and lengthening push-in slides for brass instruments
US4841829A (en) * 1987-12-17 1989-06-27 Lehmann Walter J Device for supporting the weight of a clarinet

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE200583C (en) *
US1317065A (en) * 1919-09-23 baker
US1330806A (en) * 1919-01-25 1920-02-17 Holton Frank Musical wind instrument
DE337267C (en) * 1920-10-28 1921-05-27 Paul Suchy Wind instrument with Kesselmundstueck and a plurality of trains which are telescopically guided one above the other
US2738696A (en) * 1952-11-05 1956-03-20 Ritterbach Siegfried Tone adjusting means for brass wind instruments
US3847051A (en) * 1974-01-11 1974-11-12 J Miller Hand support attachment for a trumpet or like instrument
DE3519154A1 (en) * 1985-05-29 1986-12-04 Ulrich Nolte Intonation slide and lengthening push-in slides for brass instruments
US4841829A (en) * 1987-12-17 1989-06-27 Lehmann Walter J Device for supporting the weight of a clarinet

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1837854A3 (en) * 2006-03-24 2015-05-27 Yamaha Corporation Wind musical instrument equipped with slide and supporting system for assisting player in performance

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8127 New person/name/address of the applicant

Owner name: DIETZE, RONALD, 09111 CHEMNITZ, DE

8139 Disposal/non-payment of the annual fee