DE19650176A1 - Car apparatus for automatic, mobile emergency call - Google Patents

Car apparatus for automatic, mobile emergency call

Info

Publication number
DE19650176A1
DE19650176A1 DE19650176A DE19650176A DE19650176A1 DE 19650176 A1 DE19650176 A1 DE 19650176A1 DE 19650176 A DE19650176 A DE 19650176A DE 19650176 A DE19650176 A DE 19650176A DE 19650176 A1 DE19650176 A1 DE 19650176A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
emergency call
vehicle
computer
telecommunication
emergency
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE19650176A
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FIEDLER HOLGER DIPL ING TU
Original Assignee
FIEDLER HOLGER DIPL ING TU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FIEDLER HOLGER DIPL ING TU filed Critical FIEDLER HOLGER DIPL ING TU
Priority to DE19650176A priority Critical patent/DE19650176A1/en
Publication of DE19650176A1 publication Critical patent/DE19650176A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/016Personal emergency signalling and security systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M11/00Telephonic communication systems adapted for combination with other electrical systems
    • H04M11/04Telephonic communication systems adapted for combination with other electrical systems with fire, police, burglar, or other alarm systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/90Services for handling of emergency or hazardous situations, e.g. earthquake and tsunami warning systems [ETWS]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/50Connection management for emergency connections
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R16/00Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for
    • B60R16/02Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements
    • B60R16/03Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements for supply of electrical power to vehicle subsystems or for
    • B60R16/0315Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements for supply of electrical power to vehicle subsystems or for using multiplexing techniques

Abstract

The signal processing computer picks-up, via at least one input, limit values from car sensors, such as air bag sensors, recording life thread situations. The computer receives the car geographic position from a position monitor via at least one other input. At least one computer output is coupled to at least one telecommunication apparatus. The memory of the computer, or communication apparatus contains emergency frequency, or the phone number, and an emergency text. On recognition of an emergency situation, the computer activates the communication apparatus and transmits the emergency call and location data.

Description

Stationary devices for notifying the police, doctor or fire brigade are known Risk of death. For example, emergency pillars are set up along highways. The disadvantage here is that by the spatial distance between the emergency site and the nearest emergency column Delay occurs between the time of the emergency and the transmission of the call for help. If the accident victim is physically unable to reach the emergency column, a third person must first appear, to get help.

Communication devices such as stationary and mobile telephones are also known Communication of people seeking help and providing help. The disadvantage is that in emergencies, where the victim is unable to initiate the emergency call only after the appearance of one the emergency call can be sent to another person.

Furthermore, devices for the physical protection of vehicle occupants are known, which react to typical emergency features. The best known are the airbag for vehicles and the belt tensioner. Sensors for determining the inclination of vehicles are also known. Of further sensors are known which detect the deformation of body parts.

Devices for determining the geographical position of a vehicle are also known; on the one hand as a navigation system for the driver, on the other hand as a logistics aid for Transport company or to determine the situation in the event of theft.

To solve the task of automatically notifying people in an emergency, is a device designed according to the marked part of the claims.

The "device in vehicles for automatic notification of helpers Danger to life "is briefly called mobile emergency call in the following.

A special feature of the inventive device is u. a. in the fact that in traffic accidents in Depends on the degree of likely risk to the occupants and regardless of the Occupants or third parties make an emergency call stating the location to those providing assistance is sent.

Developments of the invention are the subject of the dependent claims.  

The invention is described below with reference to the figures using an application example.

The mobile emergency call consists of an information processing device with inputs and outputs, which receives information from sensors, processes and this information via transmitter forwards to helpers.

The information processing device, for example a programmable logic controller, a single-board computer or a PC in its various forms, hereinafter referred to as computer ( 1 ), detects limit values from external or integrated sensors ( 2 ), which register emergency situations. These are, for example, acceleration sensors, such as those used for triggering airbags or belt tensioners. Or there are position sensors that register that a certain inclination angle of a vehicle has been exceeded. Other sensors, such as deformation sensors for body parts, can be used. As soon as certain accelerations, deformations, spatial positions or other physical values are exceeded, this is registered by the computer ( 1 ). The values of discretely measuring sensors are stored in the memory of the computer ( 1 ).

Information from an occupant recognition system ( 3 ) integrated in the mobile emergency call or from an external occupant recognition system is also stored in the memory of the computer ( 1 ). This is primarily information about the number of passengers. This information can also be entered manually using a control panel ( 4 ). Then this information is automatically provided with a probability note, which is sent with an emergency call. The medical data of the occupants can be entered into the memory of the computer ( 1 ) via the control panel, a reading device or another wired or wireless data input.

The computer ( 1 ) of the mobile emergency call receives the geographic location of the vehicle via a geographic location determination system. This can be an external geographic location system ( 5 ) integrated into the mobile emergency call or coupled to the mobile emergency call. Or, in the case of an emergency call, the telecommunications network targets it. In order to have the information about the geographical location available even in the event of a possible destruction of the location system in the event of an emergency, the geographical location of a recent time is recorded in the memory of the computer ( 1 ) and overwritten again and again. Saving in the order of seconds is sensible and sufficiently precise for the location determination, otherwise the last information is not updated as long as no exact location determination is possible, for example in tunnels. In the computer ( 1 ) of the mobile emergency call, the country or part of the country in which the vehicle is currently located is identified on the basis of the geographic location and the comparison with stored values. Due to the country recognition, data to be sent in an emergency can be translated into the language of the country of residence or into an internationally widespread language using a translation program and stored in the memory of the computer ( 1 ). When a new geographic region is recognized, it is re-translated and saved.

The computer ( 1 ) has an output for transmitting the emergency call as machine-readable signals or as a voice output.

The computer ( 1 ) of the mobile emergency call is connected to an external or a telecommunication device ( 6 ) integrated in the vehicle emergency call. In the memory of the computer ( 1 ) of the mobile emergency call, the emergency call frequencies or destination addresses required for producing and maintaining the telecommunications - for example telephone numbers of the first aid - are recorded. For example, radio telephones or emergency transmitters can be used as the telecommunication device.

If the computer ( 1 ) uses sensors ( 2 ) to identify an emergency situation, the information stored in the memory of the computer ( 1 ) is sent via the telecommunications devices ( 6 ) in the vehicle. The microphone and loudspeaker are activated via an integrated hands-free system ( 7 ) that is integrated in the mobile emergency call. This enables linguistic communication between the vehicle occupants and the persons providing assistance without lifting the handset.

The control panel ( 4 ) of the mobile emergency call has the option to give the all-clear, by triggering which the emergency call is ended. It can thus be shown to the persons providing assistance that the accident occurred without personal injury. The all-clear option consists of a key combination, a code number or other multiple entries, which prevents accidental termination of the emergency call. When the all-clear is triggered, a memory area of the computer ( 1 ) is activated, which sends a corresponding note to the persons providing assistance.

The mobile emergency call has a self-sufficient energy source ( 8 ). These can be accumulators, for example, which are maintained by the electrical system of the vehicle.

The invention has been described above using an exemplary embodiment. It is understood that Changes and modifications are possible without thereby that of the invention underlying inventive concept is left.

Reference list

1 calculator
2 accident sensors
3 occupant detection system
4 control panel
5 geographic positioning system
6 telecommunication device
7 speakerphone
8 self-sufficient energy source

Claims (12)

1. Device in vehicles for the automatic notification of persons providing assistance in the event of danger to life, in short called a mobile emergency call, characterized in that
that the mobile emergency call consists of an information processing device, called a computer for short,
that the computer detects limit values from vehicle sensors, for example an airbag sensor, which register life-threatening situations, via at least one input,
that the computer receives the geographic position of the vehicle from a geographic positioning system via at least one further input,
that the computer is connected to at least one telecommunication device via at least one output,
that the emergency frequency or the emergency telephone number and an emergency text are in the memory of the computer or in the memory of the telecommunication device, the computer activating at least one telecommunication device upon detection of a life-threatening situation and sending the emergency call text and the geographic location description.
2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one sensor for Detection of life-threatening situations is an integral part of the vehicle emergency call.
3. Device according to claim 1 and 2, characterized in that at least one Location determination system is an integral part of the vehicle emergency call.
4. Apparatus according to claim 1, 2 and 3, characterized in that at least one Telecommunication device is an integral part of the vehicle emergency call.
5. The device according to claim 1, 2, 3 and 4, characterized in that one of the vehicle Independently functioning energy source is an integral part of the vehicle emergency call.
6. The device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, further comprising a Occupant detection system, characterized in that the vehicle emergency call provides information about the Number of occupants sent.
7. The device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, characterized in that the Vehicle emergency call has a control panel with which the number of occupants is entered manually can be.
8. The device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, characterized in that the Vehicle emergency call has a control panel, with the help of which the vehicle occupants by entering a Codes or a key combination can interrupt the emergency call and an all-clear call is sent.
9. The device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, characterized in that the Vehicle emergency call has a voice conversion system with the help of which to be sent Information can be transmitted with a voice over a radio telephone network.
10. The device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, characterized in that the Vehicle emergency call is an input device for entering medical information about the Vehicle occupants, which stores this information and sends it in an emergency can.
11. The device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10, further consisting of a Telecommunication device with hands-free function, characterized in that the Vehicle emergency call activates the hands-free function of the telecommunication system when sending an emergency call.
12. The apparatus of claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, further consisting of an electronic translator, characterized in that the vehicle emergency call  compares geographic location with default tables and linguistically when crossing Regions the text of the emergency call, the geographic location and the information about the occupants translated into the respective national language or an internationally used language.
DE19650176A 1996-12-04 1996-12-04 Car apparatus for automatic, mobile emergency call Withdrawn DE19650176A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19650176A DE19650176A1 (en) 1996-12-04 1996-12-04 Car apparatus for automatic, mobile emergency call

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19650176A DE19650176A1 (en) 1996-12-04 1996-12-04 Car apparatus for automatic, mobile emergency call

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE19650176A1 true DE19650176A1 (en) 1997-06-05

Family

ID=7813546

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE19650176A Withdrawn DE19650176A1 (en) 1996-12-04 1996-12-04 Car apparatus for automatic, mobile emergency call

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE19650176A1 (en)

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19730221A1 (en) * 1997-07-15 1999-01-21 Stn Atlas Elektronik Gmbh Portable, satellite-based communication device
DE19743138A1 (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-04-01 Mannesmann Vdo Ag Emergency current supply for car emergency and/or accident call system
EP0915443A2 (en) * 1997-11-06 1999-05-12 GRUNDIG Aktiengesellschaft Device for transmitting emergency signals from a motor vehicle
DE19755075A1 (en) * 1997-12-11 1999-06-17 Joerg Guenther Wittwer Mobile alarm and emergency call system
DE19757362A1 (en) * 1997-12-22 1999-06-24 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd Power supply device, in particular for a radio telephone in a motor vehicle
EP1051014A2 (en) * 1999-03-25 2000-11-08 Georg Atzkern Mobile telephone with an emergency call function
DE19925152A1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2000-12-07 Pro Elektronik Gmbh Battery-powered hands-free device has loudspeaker, microphone, electronic circuit and battery associated with electronic circuit that is independent of external, central voltage source
DE19838662C2 (en) * 1998-08-25 2001-05-23 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd Communication device with emergency battery and method for setting it up
EP1103936A2 (en) 1999-11-27 2001-05-30 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Emergency call device for vehicle
DE19854047C2 (en) * 1998-11-24 2001-10-04 Peter Langbein Mobile monitoring device for vehicle drivers
DE10061577A1 (en) * 2000-12-11 2002-04-04 Siemens Ag Accident victim medical data system has radio linked units and data bank does not need card readers
WO2002035819A2 (en) * 2000-10-26 2002-05-02 Zingher Joseph P Automatic distress notification
WO2002056624A2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-07-18 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Emergency call signalling using mobile telecommunications devices
DE10110535A1 (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-09-19 Gerald Neubauer Speaker phone installation for use in car either with portable or car-fixed mobile telephone, comprises data exchange unit with control module for connection of navigation module to mobile telephone
EP1440854A2 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-07-28 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for automatic selection of one or several subscriber identifications
EP1626560A1 (en) 2004-08-11 2006-02-15 Deutsche Telekom AG Telematics emergency calls by sending a SMS and setting up a telephone connection
EP1835781A2 (en) * 2006-03-14 2007-09-19 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for making an emergency call using a mobile communication terminal
DE102006022525A1 (en) * 2006-05-15 2007-11-22 Fendt, Günter Motor vehicle e.g. lorry, driver alerting method for automatic emergency call system, involves providing possibility for vehicle driver to deactivate emergency call before outputting call and after event of emergency during small interval
DE102008015840A1 (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-10 Continental Teves Ag & Co. Ohg Vehicle emergency call for transmission of additional or changed data
US7567169B2 (en) 2003-08-23 2009-07-28 Daimler Ag Device pertaining to a motor vehicle, used to provide data relating to an accident
DE102008060567A1 (en) * 2008-12-04 2010-06-10 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Motor vehicle for use with e.g. airbag system, has mobile communication device setting emergency call for generating transmission ratio of voice message whose language is selected depending on country code of mobile communication system
DE102009018293A1 (en) * 2009-04-21 2010-11-11 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing data- or telephone connection of vehicle with service provider or emergency service over telecommunication connection, involves providing releasing device in motor vehicle
WO2011059515A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-19 Atx Group, Inc. Emergency call hybrid architecture
DE102009056233A1 (en) * 2009-11-28 2011-06-01 Volkswagen Ag Method for operating control device of vehicle e.g. passenger car, involves establishing emergency call connection within predetermined time over telephone i.e. mobile phone, that is connected with control device
DE102014115160A1 (en) * 2014-10-17 2016-04-21 App-Sec-Network UG (haftungsbeschränkt) Automated triggering of an emergency call
WO2018014890A1 (en) 2016-07-21 2018-01-25 Continental Automotive Gmbh Method for operating a safety-critical control device for a motor vehicle, and corresponding motor vehicle

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19730221C2 (en) * 1997-07-15 1999-07-15 Stn Atlas Elektronik Gmbh Satellite-based communication device
DE19730221A1 (en) * 1997-07-15 1999-01-21 Stn Atlas Elektronik Gmbh Portable, satellite-based communication device
DE19743138A1 (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-04-01 Mannesmann Vdo Ag Emergency current supply for car emergency and/or accident call system
EP0915443A2 (en) * 1997-11-06 1999-05-12 GRUNDIG Aktiengesellschaft Device for transmitting emergency signals from a motor vehicle
DE19748992A1 (en) * 1997-11-06 1999-05-20 Grundig Ag Device for sending emergency signals from a motor vehicle
EP0915443A3 (en) * 1997-11-06 1999-12-08 GRUNDIG Aktiengesellschaft Device for transmitting emergency signals from a motor vehicle
DE19755075A1 (en) * 1997-12-11 1999-06-17 Joerg Guenther Wittwer Mobile alarm and emergency call system
US6330463B1 (en) 1997-12-22 2001-12-11 Nokia Mobile Phones Limited Voltage supply apparatus, in particular for a radio telephone in a motor vehicle
DE19757362A1 (en) * 1997-12-22 1999-06-24 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd Power supply device, in particular for a radio telephone in a motor vehicle
DE19838662C2 (en) * 1998-08-25 2001-05-23 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd Communication device with emergency battery and method for setting it up
DE19854047C2 (en) * 1998-11-24 2001-10-04 Peter Langbein Mobile monitoring device for vehicle drivers
EP1051014A2 (en) * 1999-03-25 2000-11-08 Georg Atzkern Mobile telephone with an emergency call function
EP1051014A3 (en) * 1999-03-25 2002-10-09 Georg Atzkern Mobile telephone with an emergency call function
DE19925152A1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2000-12-07 Pro Elektronik Gmbh Battery-powered hands-free device has loudspeaker, microphone, electronic circuit and battery associated with electronic circuit that is independent of external, central voltage source
DE19957190A1 (en) * 1999-11-27 2001-05-31 Volkswagen Ag Emergency call device for vehicles
EP1103936A2 (en) 1999-11-27 2001-05-30 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Emergency call device for vehicle
WO2002035819A2 (en) * 2000-10-26 2002-05-02 Zingher Joseph P Automatic distress notification
WO2002035819A3 (en) * 2000-10-26 2002-08-08 Abraham R Zingher Automatic distress notification
DE10061577A1 (en) * 2000-12-11 2002-04-04 Siemens Ag Accident victim medical data system has radio linked units and data bank does not need card readers
WO2002056624A2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-07-18 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Emergency call signalling using mobile telecommunications devices
WO2002056624A3 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-10-10 Siegfried Baer Emergency call signalling using mobile telecommunications devices
US7215941B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2007-05-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Emergency call signaling via mobile telecommunications devices
DE10110535A1 (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-09-19 Gerald Neubauer Speaker phone installation for use in car either with portable or car-fixed mobile telephone, comprises data exchange unit with control module for connection of navigation module to mobile telephone
EP1440854A2 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-07-28 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for automatic selection of one or several subscriber identifications
EP1440854A3 (en) * 2003-01-21 2005-06-15 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for automatic selection of one or several subscriber identifications
US7567169B2 (en) 2003-08-23 2009-07-28 Daimler Ag Device pertaining to a motor vehicle, used to provide data relating to an accident
DE102004039636A1 (en) * 2004-08-11 2006-02-23 Deutsche Telekom Ag Method and device for handling international telematics emergency calls
EP1626560A1 (en) 2004-08-11 2006-02-15 Deutsche Telekom AG Telematics emergency calls by sending a SMS and setting up a telephone connection
EP1835781A2 (en) * 2006-03-14 2007-09-19 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for making an emergency call using a mobile communication terminal
EP1835781A3 (en) * 2006-03-14 2012-12-26 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for making an emergency call using a mobile communication terminal
DE102006022525B4 (en) * 2006-05-15 2010-11-18 Fendt, Günter Time-delayed automatic emergency call with deactivation option
DE102006022525A1 (en) * 2006-05-15 2007-11-22 Fendt, Günter Motor vehicle e.g. lorry, driver alerting method for automatic emergency call system, involves providing possibility for vehicle driver to deactivate emergency call before outputting call and after event of emergency during small interval
DE102008015840A1 (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-10 Continental Teves Ag & Co. Ohg Vehicle emergency call for transmission of additional or changed data
US8254875B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2012-08-28 Continental Teves Ag & Co. Ohg Vehicle emergency call system for transmitting additional or modified data
DE102008060567A1 (en) * 2008-12-04 2010-06-10 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Motor vehicle for use with e.g. airbag system, has mobile communication device setting emergency call for generating transmission ratio of voice message whose language is selected depending on country code of mobile communication system
DE102009018293A1 (en) * 2009-04-21 2010-11-11 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing data- or telephone connection of vehicle with service provider or emergency service over telecommunication connection, involves providing releasing device in motor vehicle
WO2011059515A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-19 Atx Group, Inc. Emergency call hybrid architecture
DE102009056233A1 (en) * 2009-11-28 2011-06-01 Volkswagen Ag Method for operating control device of vehicle e.g. passenger car, involves establishing emergency call connection within predetermined time over telephone i.e. mobile phone, that is connected with control device
DE102014115160A1 (en) * 2014-10-17 2016-04-21 App-Sec-Network UG (haftungsbeschränkt) Automated triggering of an emergency call
EP3010213B1 (en) 2014-10-17 2018-01-24 App-Sec-Network UG (haftungsbeschränkt) Automatic sending of an emergency message in case of an emergency call
WO2018014890A1 (en) 2016-07-21 2018-01-25 Continental Automotive Gmbh Method for operating a safety-critical control device for a motor vehicle, and corresponding motor vehicle

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Legal Events

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OAV Applicant agreed to the publication of the unexamined application as to paragraph 31 lit. 2 z1
8122 Nonbinding interest in granting licences declared
8139 Disposal/non-payment of the annual fee