DE19634369C1 - Guide for parallel-sliding door on vehicle bodywork with support element - Google Patents

Guide for parallel-sliding door on vehicle bodywork with support element

Info

Publication number
DE19634369C1
DE19634369C1 DE1996134369 DE19634369A DE19634369C1 DE 19634369 C1 DE19634369 C1 DE 19634369C1 DE 1996134369 DE1996134369 DE 1996134369 DE 19634369 A DE19634369 A DE 19634369A DE 19634369 C1 DE19634369 C1 DE 19634369C1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
sliding door
roller
door
guide rail
closing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
DE1996134369
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Steffen Breunig
Oliver Hasenoehrl
Berthold Dipl Ing Klein
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Daimler AG
Original Assignee
Daimler Benz AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Daimler Benz AG filed Critical Daimler Benz AG
Priority to DE1996134369 priority Critical patent/DE19634369C1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE19634369C1 publication Critical patent/DE19634369C1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/10Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane
    • E05D15/1005Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane the wing being supported on arms movable in horizontal planes
    • E05D15/101Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane the wing being supported on arms movable in horizontal planes specially adapted for vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/06Doors arranged at the vehicle sides slidable; foldable
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/06Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/10Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane
    • E05D2015/1028Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane with only the wing moving transversely
    • E05D2015/1031Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane with only the wing moving transversely the wing supported on arms extending from the carriage
    • E05D2015/1034Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding horizontally more or less in their own plane movable out of one plane into a second parallel plane with only the wing moving transversely the wing supported on arms extending from the carriage the carriage having means for preventing rotation of the wing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors

Abstract

The sliding door (11) opens parallel to the bodywork (13) and completely exposes the door-opening (12). The support element is held by a carriage (18) on rollers running along a straight guide-rail fixed to the bodywork. A closure roller runs along the guide-rail into a circle-arc-shaped closure-groove at the end of the door-closing movement. Each guide rail with closure groove is positioned on the top and bottom edge of the inside of the door-opening. The support elements between the sliding door and the carriage are in the form of connecting rod parallelograms the two connecting rods of which with vertical axles are linked near the top and bottom end of the sliding door and roller-carriage. The closure rollers are each fixed to a connecting rod.

Description

The invention relates to a device for guiding swing-out sliding door on a vehicle body, in particular a motor vehicle, according to the preamble of Claim 1.

In a known device of this type (DE-AS 14 80 612) is the guide rail on the outside of the body wall arranged in the middle of the sliding door and extends up to Door opening. The support member is as one with the roller carriage rigidly connected bracket formed on the in Door closing and sliding direction at the rear end of the sliding door this is fixed with a vertically aligned joint axis is. Inside the door opening is on the upper edge of the body another guide rail attached, one on the Sliding door with horizontally aligned axis another roller is running. The other guide rail is on the end facing away from the middle guide rail Door opening arched inwards so that at the end of the Door closing and sliding movement also that away from the support arm End of the sliding door towards the vehicle body is forced and thus in the door closed position Sliding door flush at both ends in the vehicle body  lies in. One of the rollers of the roller carriage serves Roller with horizontally aligned roller axis for Support down and a roller with vertical Aligned roller axis to guide the door across Sliding direction. The distance from the roller with vertically arranged roller axis arranged on the roller carriage Locking roller with also vertically aligned Roller axis is at the front in the door closing / sliding direction Arranged end of the roller carriage and runs at the end of the Door closing sliding movement in the at the front end of the middle guide rail which continues seamlessly, ins Interior closing groove curved towards the body.

In a sliding door for vehicles, which is also known (DE-AS 12 18 290) the guide device comprises two upper and two lower guide rails that are parallel to each other the side wall of the vehicle body are attached and on the one hand with one inside the body arched closing curve and on the other hand with are provided with a stop. With two castors each vertical roller axes on the two upper and lower Supporting members supporting guide rails each have three arms rigidly connected to each other. One arm is over a torsion bar connected to the sliding door, the the other two arms each carry one at their free end of the two rollers.

The invention has for its object a device to guide a swing-out sliding door on one Vehicle body, in particular for motor vehicles, the to create the type mentioned, in which an outside visible on the side wall of the body Guide rail is avoided.  

The task is in a device in the preamble of Claim 1 defined genus according to the invention the features in the characterizing part of claim 1 solved.

The device according to the invention has the advantage that If the outer guide rail lacks a smooth surface Exterior skin of the vehicle body can be maintained, so that there is less wind noise and the body design not subject to constraints imposed by the sliding door becomes. At the same time, the annoying pollution is also eliminated the open guide rail and a certain stiffness the sliding movement with accompanying extreme Noise generation due to greasing of the rollers in the external guide rail to avoid a Danger of contamination for the driver must be avoided. Likewise, there is no longer any risk of corrosion the outer guide rail. By training the Support members between sliding door and roller carriage as Handlebar parallelograms can make the door opening much larger made and the guide rails can be much shorter are kept so that their required installation space is reduced. The now inside the door opening in Inner guide rails are fewer at risk of corrosion and can be easily serviced, greased if necessary will.

Advantageous embodiments of the invention Device with appropriate training and Embodiments of the invention are in the further Claims specified.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing Embodiments described in more detail below. It each show in a schematic representation:  

Fig. 1 is a side view of a passenger car with a swing-door, in the closed state,

Fig. 2 is a plan view of a device for guiding the sliding door to the vehicle body of the passenger vehicle in Fig. 1,

Fig. 3 shows a detail of the device in Fig. 2 in a perspective view;

Fig. 4 to 6 shows a modified device for guiding the sliding door in three different positions, namely with the sliding door closed ( Fig. 4), with the sliding door open ( Fig. 5) and with the sliding door fully open ( Fig. 6).

The passenger car sketched in a side view in FIG. 1 has a rear side door, which is designed as a swing-out sliding door 11 . In its closed position shown in the drawing, in which it covers a door opening 12 extending from the vehicle roof to the vehicle floor in the side wall of the vehicle body 13 , it lies flush with the side wall of the vehicle body 13 . In its open position, in which it completely opens the door opening 12, it projects at a distance from the side wall of the vehicle body 13 and in the example of the passenger car in FIG. 1 partially covers its rear wheel.

The device for guiding the sliding door 11 on the vehicle body 13 is shown schematically in plan view in FIG. 2 and in perspective in detail in FIG. 3. In Fig. 2, 14 and 15 denote the B-pillar and C-pillar 15 of the vehicle body 13 , which limit the door opening 12 in the vehicle longitudinal direction front and rear. The device comprises two straight guide rails 16 , 17 , both of which are arranged in the region of the door opening 12 . One guide rail 16 is fastened at the top to the roof frame of the vehicle body 13 and the other guide rail 17 is flush-mounted at the bottom in the vehicle floor of the vehicle body 13 . The two guide rails 16 , 17 are indicated schematically in FIG. 1. In FIGS. 2 and 3, only the upper guide rail 16 is shown in each case. The two guide rails 16 , 17 are identical, so that only the guide rail 16 is referred to. A roller carriage 18 ( FIGS. 2 and 3) is guided in a longitudinally displaceable manner in each guide rail 16 , 17 and, for this purpose, has two rollers 20 , 21 with horizontally aligned roller axes 22 , 23 . The rollers 20 , 21 roll on a lower guide surface 161 of the guide rail 16 . Each roller carriage 18 is articulated to the inside of the sliding door 11 via a handlebar parallelogram consisting of two links 24 , 25 , namely the upper roller carriage 18 in the upper guide rail 16 near the upper edge of the sliding door 11 and the lower roller carriage 18 in the lower one Guide rail 17 near the lower edge of the sliding door 11 . The four end joint axes of the links 24 , 25 are designated 241 , 242 and 251 , 252 ( FIG. 2). The sliding door-side articulated axes 242 and 252 of the two links 24 , 25 are arranged on a support bracket 26 , which in turn is firmly screwed to the sliding door 11 .

A boom 27 strives from the front link 24 of the two link parallelograms in the door-closing sliding movement, at the free end of which a closing roller 28 is rotatably arranged. The roller axis 29 of the closing roller 28, which is also guided in the guide rail 16 or 17 , is oriented vertically, i.e. points in the same direction as the articulated axes 241-252 of the handlebar parallelogram, and is on the two lateral guide surfaces 162 , 163 ( FIG. 3) Guide rail 16 out. In the lateral guide surface 162 pointing towards the sliding door 11 , an arcuate closing groove 30 extends from the guide rail 16 or 17 , specifically at the point in which the closing roller 28 comes to rest when the roller carriage 18 assumes its end position when the door is in the closed position. is in the guide rail 16 and 17 as far as possible in the direction of the door closure. This position of the roller carriage 18 is shown in FIG. 2. In this position of the roller carriage 18 , the center of curvature of the closing groove 30 coincides with the hinge axis 241 on the roller carriage side of the link 24 carrying the arm 27 with the closing roller 28 .

In the modified device shown in Fig. 4-6, the links 24, 25 of the two parallelograms are angled approximately in the middle at an obtuse angle, so that the two angled parts 24 a and 24 b or 25 a and 25 b enclose an obtuse angle with each other. The bend in the links 24 , 25 is made in opposite directions, so that the two obtuse angles of the links 24 and 25 face each other in the link parallelogram. The angling of the two links 24 and 25 is such that in the door closed position the angled part 25 b articulated on the sliding door side of the rear link 25 in the door closing / sliding direction rests flat on the angled part 24 a articulated on the roller carriage side of the front arm 24 ( FIG. 4).

The operation of the described device for guiding the swing-out sliding door 11 on the vehicle body 13 is briefly explained on the basis of the various positions of the sliding door in FIGS. 4-6:
In the closed state of the sliding door 11 , the roller carriage 18 is in its door closing end position, as outlined in FIG. 4. The two links 24 , 25 of the two link parallelograms each lie flat on top of each other with their sections 24 a and 25 b, and the sliding door 11 lies flush in the vehicle body 13, closing the door panel 12 . During the opening process, the roller carriage 18 initially remains in this end position, and only the sliding door 11 pivots out through the two parallelograms on the upper and lower edge of the sliding door 11 , the pivoting movement being forced by the closing rollers 28 running in the two locking grooves 30 until the two locking rollers 28 emerge from the locking grooves 30 and enter the upper and lower guide rails 16 and 17 , respectively. This state is shown in Fig. 5. Until then, the roller carriage 18 is held immovably in each guide rail 16 or 17 , and the sliding door 11 only swings out parallel to the vehicle. As soon as the closing rollers 28 have entered the straight guide rails 16 , 17 , a movement of the roller carriages 18 of the two guide rails 16 , 17 is possible. Since the roller carriages 18 and the two closing rollers 28 remain in the guide rails 16 , 17 during the movement, it is not possible to fold the sliding door 11 into the parallel link diagrams. The sliding door 11 can now be pushed back until the two roller carriages 18 have reached their end position at the other end of the guide rails 16 , 17 . This position of the roller carriage 18 when the sliding door 11 is fully open is shown in FIG. 6.

To close the sliding door 11 , by sliding the sliding door 11 , the roller carriage 18 in each guide rail 16 , 17 is first moved into its foremost door closing end position, as shown in FIG. 5. Each handlebar parallelogram then pivots again when the locking rollers 28 are immersed in the locking grooves 29 , and the sliding door 11 is closed ( FIG. 4).

Claims (7)

1.Device for guiding a swing-out sliding door on a vehicle body, in particular a motor vehicle, which, in its closed position covering a door opening, lies largely flush in the vehicle body and is in its open position fully opening the door opening with a parallel distance in front of the vehicle body, with an articulated with the sliding door connected support member, with a roller carriage holding the support member, which has running rollers in a guide rail fixed on the body side, and with a closing roller guided in the guide rail, which at the end of the door closing-sliding movement runs into a closing groove extending from the guide rail, characterized in that one guide rail ( 16 , 17 ) with a closing groove ( 30 ) is arranged inside the door opening ( 12 ) at its upper and lower edge, that in each guide rail ( 16 , 17 ) a roller carriage ( 18 ) runs that the support eder are formed between the sliding door ( 11 ) and roller carriage ( 18 ) as handlebar parallelograms, each of which has both links ( 24 , 25 ) with vertically extending articulated axes ( 241 , 242 , 251 , 252 ) near the upper and lower ends of the sliding door ( 11 ) and articulated on the roller carriage ( 18 ), that the locking rollers ( 28 ) are fixed to one handlebar ( 24 ) of the handlebar parallelograms, that the guide rails ( 16 , 17 ) are rectilinear and that the locking grooves ( 30 ) are each one of the guide rail ( 16 , 17 ) towards the sliding door ( 11 ) is designed with an arcuate groove whose center of curvature in the end position of the roller carriage ( 18 ) with the roller carriage-side articulation axis ( 241 ) of the link ( 24 ) carrying the locking roller ( 28 ) coincides.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the closing roller ( 28 ) is fixed to the front handlebar ( 24 ) in the sliding door closing direction.
3. Device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the closing roller (28) is arranged at the end of abstrebenden from the handlebar (24) jib (27).
4. Device according to one of claims 1-3, characterized in that the rollers ( 20 , 21 ) with horizontally aligned roller axes ( 22 , 23 ) are mounted on the roller carriage ( 18 ).
5. Device according to one of claims 1-4, characterized in that the upper guide rail ( 16 ) in the roof area of the vehicle body ( 13 ) is arranged and the lower guide rail ( 17 ) is inserted flush in the body floor.
6. Device according to one of claims 1-5, characterized in that the links ( 24 , 25 ) of each parallelogram of the handlebar are angled at an obtuse center and that the bends in the parallelogram of the handlebars face each other.
7. Apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that the angling of the link (24, 25) is taken in each parallelogram linkage so that in the closed position of the sliding door (11) of the sliding door side hinged bending neck (b 25) of the in door closing direction of sliding rear handlebar ( 25 ) lies flat on the angled part ( 24 a) of the front handlebar ( 24 ) articulated on the roller carriage.
DE1996134369 1996-08-26 1996-08-26 Guide for parallel-sliding door on vehicle bodywork with support element Expired - Fee Related DE19634369C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1996134369 DE19634369C1 (en) 1996-08-26 1996-08-26 Guide for parallel-sliding door on vehicle bodywork with support element

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1996134369 DE19634369C1 (en) 1996-08-26 1996-08-26 Guide for parallel-sliding door on vehicle bodywork with support element
FR9710607A FR2752868B1 (en) 1996-08-26 1997-08-25 Device for guiding a sliding and pivoting door on a vehicle body
US08/917,513 US5921613A (en) 1996-08-26 1997-08-26 Arrangement for guiding a swing-out sliding door on a vehicle body

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE19634369C1 true DE19634369C1 (en) 1997-09-18

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DE1996134369 Expired - Fee Related DE19634369C1 (en) 1996-08-26 1996-08-26 Guide for parallel-sliding door on vehicle bodywork with support element

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US (1) US5921613A (en)
DE (1) DE19634369C1 (en)
FR (1) FR2752868B1 (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10300158B3 (en) * 2003-01-07 2004-03-11 Thyssenkrupp Automotive Ag Automobile sliding door guiding device has deflection element at end of guide rail element for altering movement of sliding door upon reaching fully open position
WO2004103749A1 (en) 2003-05-16 2004-12-02 Kiekert Aktiengesellschaft Motor vehicle
DE10326241A1 (en) * 2003-06-11 2005-01-05 Thyssenkrupp Automotive Ag Guide mechanism for pivotable sliding door for vehicles comprises a carriage whose hinged parts divide the translatory door opening/closing motion between two guide rails
DE10343717A1 (en) * 2003-09-20 2005-04-21 Edscha Ag Sliding door system for motor vehicles with a roller element running in a rail
DE202004021803U1 (en) 2003-09-20 2011-02-24 Edscha Engineering Gmbh Guide system for a sliding door
US7703242B2 (en) 2003-09-20 2010-04-27 Edscha Ag Guiding system for a sliding door
DE102004005170A1 (en) * 2004-02-02 2005-08-25 Klima-Delta Gmbh Window
DE102004005170B4 (en) * 2004-02-02 2006-06-01 Klima-Delta Gmbh Window
DE102004011903B4 (en) * 2004-03-11 2007-05-10 Iav Gmbh Ingenieurgesellschaft Auto Und Verkehr Device for guiding a swing-out sliding door on a vehicle body
WO2006005572A1 (en) * 2004-07-13 2006-01-19 Daimlerchrysler Ag Sliding door system
DE102004033759A1 (en) * 2004-07-13 2006-02-09 Daimlerchrysler Ag Sliding door system
EP1752602A2 (en) 2005-08-12 2007-02-14 Rainer Hardt Raising and sliding window
CZ302278B6 (en) * 2005-12-22 2011-01-26 Škoda Auto a. s. Device for guiding side sliding door of motor vehicle
WO2008135119A1 (en) * 2007-05-07 2008-11-13 Daimler Ag Pivoting and sliding mechanism for a door of a motor vehicle
WO2009024561A1 (en) 2007-08-17 2009-02-26 Rainer Hardt Window and window fitting
DE102007039069A1 (en) 2007-08-17 2009-02-26 Rainer Hardt Window and window fitting
DE102008021266A1 (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-11-05 GM Global Technology Operations, Inc., Detroit Sliding door for motor vehicle, particularly passenger car, has holder fastened on door, and has carriage guided by guide rail of vehicle, where holder and carriage are components of four-unit swivel joint
EP2127928A3 (en) * 2008-05-30 2012-02-22 DURA Automotive Body & Glass Systems GmbH Sliding door for a vehicle

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FR2752868B1 (en) 2000-09-15
FR2752868A1 (en) 1998-03-06
US5921613A (en) 1999-07-13

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