DE19507230A1 - Process for applying transfer printing inks to wood - Google Patents

Process for applying transfer printing inks to wood

Info

Publication number
DE19507230A1
DE19507230A1 DE1995107230 DE19507230A DE19507230A1 DE 19507230 A1 DE19507230 A1 DE 19507230A1 DE 1995107230 DE1995107230 DE 1995107230 DE 19507230 A DE19507230 A DE 19507230A DE 19507230 A1 DE19507230 A1 DE 19507230A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
wood
transfer printing
printing inks
lacquer
printed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
DE1995107230
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Thomas Kerle
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
EIDOS GmbH
Original Assignee
EIDOS GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by EIDOS GmbH filed Critical EIDOS GmbH
Priority to DE1995107230 priority Critical patent/DE19507230A1/en
Publication of DE19507230A1 publication Critical patent/DE19507230A1/en
Ceased legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D183/00Coating compositions based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing silicon, with or without sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, or carbon only; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D183/02Polysilicates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D7/00Processes, other than flocking, specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to particular surfaces or for applying particular liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D7/06Processes, other than flocking, specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to particular surfaces or for applying particular liquids or other fluent materials to wood
    • B05D7/08Processes, other than flocking, specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to particular surfaces or for applying particular liquids or other fluent materials to wood using synthetic lacquers or varnishes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/0011Pre-treatment or treatment during printing of the recording material, e.g. heating, irradiating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44FSPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES
    • B44F9/00Designs imitating natural patterns
    • B44F9/02Designs imitating natural patterns wood grain effects
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D1/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, based on inorganic substances
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/0041Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper
    • B41M5/0052Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper by thermal printing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/0041Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper
    • B41M5/0076Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper on wooden surfaces, leather, linoleum, skin, or flowers

Abstract

Wood is printed using transfer printing inks by a process in which the wood is pre-treated with a lacquer free from natural resins, ecologically water-based, and retaining the character of the wood. Pref. lacquer is of an ormocer (organically modified ceramic) type. The process is used both for small pieces and large panels.

Description

Die Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zum Bedrucken von Holz mittels Transferdruck-Verfahren. Dabei handelt es sich um Materialien, deren Oberflächen von vornherein keine ausreichende Affinität zu den Farbstoffen des angewendeten Transfer-Druckverfahrens aufweisen.The invention relates to a method for printing wood using the transfer printing process. It refers to Materials whose surfaces are not sufficient from the outset Affinity for the dyes of the transfer printing process used exhibit.
Stand der TechnikState of the art
Unsere heutige Zeit steht zunehmend im Zeichen der Ökologie und der umweltrelevanten Gedanken.Our times are increasingly characterized by ecology and of environmentally relevant thoughts.
Die vorliegende Erfindung hat genau dies verinnerlicht.This is exactly what the present invention has internalized.
Bisher wurde die Oberfläche von Holz mit lösungsmittelhaltigen Lacken und Lacksystemen auf Basis von natürlichen Harzen regelrecht versiegelt um dadurch eine Affinität zu den Transferdruckfarben herzustellen.So far, the surface of wood has been solvent-based Paints and paint systems based on natural resins literally sealed to have an affinity for them To produce transfer printing inks.
Dadurch geht nicht nur der Holzcharakter verloren, aus dem Holzstück wird ein Lackstück, sondern man mißachtet auch die ökologischen Anforderungen unserer Zeit.This means that not only the character of the wood is lost, from which A piece of wood becomes a piece of lacquer, but you also disregard it ecological requirements of our time.
Die AufgabenstellungThe task
Der vorliegenden Erfindung liegt daher die Aufgabe zugrunde, ein neues und verbessertes Verfahren zum Bedrucken von Holz mittels Transfer-Druckverfahren anzugeben, wobei davon ausgegangen wird, daß dieses Holz von vornherein keine ausreichende Affinität zu Transferfarbstoffen aufweist.The present invention is therefore based on the object new and improved process for printing wood  by means of transfer printing, assuming is that this wood does not have sufficient affinity from the outset to transfer dyes.
Mit Rücksicht hierauf sollen Verfahrensmaßnahmen angegeben werden, welche nun gerade das Bedrucken von Holz der vorgenannten Art mittels Transferdruck erlaubt.In consideration of this, procedural measures should be specified, which is now the printing of wood of the aforementioned type allowed by means of transfer printing.
Insbesondere soll im Hinblick auf die wie oben erläuterten Schwierigkeiten beim Bedrucken von Holz ein neuer Weg gewiesen werden, der letztendlich zu Endprodukten mit zufriedenstellenden ökologischen Werten führt, andererseits aber auch einem Naturprodukt seinen charakteristischen Wesenszug erhält.In particular, with regard to those as explained above Difficulties in printing wood have shown a new way that ultimately become end products with satisfactory leads to ecological values, but also to one Natural product gets its characteristic trait.
Diese Aufgabe wird gemäß Erfindung dadurch gelöst, daß die zu bedruckenden Substratoberflächen zunächst in der Weise ausgerüstet oder vorbehandelt werden, daß auf dieser Oberfläche ein von natürlichen Harzen freier Lack aufgetragen wird, welcher die Transferdruckfarben aufnehmen und fixieren kann.This object is achieved in that the to be printed Substrate surfaces are first equipped in this way or be pretreated that one of natural resin free varnish is applied, which the Can absorb and fix transfer printing inks.
Beim Bedrucken oder Einfärben der Oberflächen von Holz ergibt sich aufgrund des erfindungsgemäßen Verfahrens der außerordentliche Vorteil, daß die relevanten Echtheiten trotz Einsatz von Transferfarben gegeben sind.When printing or coloring the surfaces of wood it results due to the inventive method, the extraordinary Advantage that the relevant fastness properties despite the use of Transfer colors are given.
Der von natürlichen Harzen freie Lackauftrag enthält kaum Lösungsmittel und Formaldehyd wird auf der Ware nur frei unterhalb des z. B. für Baby-Kleidung relevanten Wertes von 20 ppm. The paint application, which is free of natural resins, contains hardly any solvents and formaldehyde is only free on the goods below the e.g. B. for baby clothes relevant value of 20 ppm.  
Mit ganz besonderem Vorteil wird auf die zu bedruckenden Substrat- Oberflächen ein Ormocere-Lack aufgetragen.With particular advantage is the substrate to be printed on Ormocere varnish applied to the surfaces.
Bei den in einem Informationsblatt des Fraunhofer-Instituts für Silikatforschung in Würzburg beschriebenen Ormocer-Lacksystemen handelt es sich um eine neue Stoffklasse, die zwischen anorganischen und organischen Polymeren eingeordnet werden kann. Ormocere (Organically Modified Ceramics) - wie gelb hochbelichtet - werden über den Sol-Gel-Prozeß hergestellt durch gezielte Hydrolyse und Kondensation von Alkoxiden, z. B. des Siliciums, Aluminiums, Titans oder Zirkons. Durch diesen Prozeß wird ein anorganisches Netzwerk aufgebaut. Über entsprechend derivatisierte Kieselsäureester können zusätzliche organische Gruppen eingebracht werden, die einerseits zur Funktionalisierung, andererseits zur Ausbildung definierter Polymersysteme genutzt werden.In an information sheet from the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate research in Würzburg described Ormocer coating systems is a new class of substances between inorganic and organic polymers can be classified. Ormocere (Organically Modified Ceramics) - like yellow highly exposed - are produced by targeted through the sol-gel process Hydrolysis and condensation of alkoxides, e.g. B. the silicon, Aluminum, titanium or zircon. Through this process, a inorganic network built. Via correspondingly derivatized Silica esters can introduce additional organic groups become functionalization on the one hand, and on the other can be used to form defined polymer systems.
Beispielexample
Auf die zu bedruckenden Oberflächen von fertigen Holzartikeln (z. B. Kinderspielwürfel) wird ein von natürlichen Harzen freier Lack bzw. ein Ormocer-Lack aufgetragen, der sich um die einzelnen Holzfasern herumlegt oder in diese Holzfasern einzieht, ohne die natürlichen Holzporen zu verschließen und damit den Holzcharakter zu beeinträchtigen.On the surfaces of finished wooden articles to be printed (e.g. Children's play cubes) a varnish free of natural resins or an Ormocer varnish is applied, which is about the individual Lays around wood fibers or feeds into these wood fibers without the to close natural wood pores and thus the wood character to affect.
Danach wird z. B. unter Hitzeeinwirkung (200-220°C) die Farbe in das Substrat sublimiert.Then z. B. under the influence of heat (200-220 ° C) Color sublimates into the substrate.

Claims (3)

1. Verfahren zum Bedrucken von Holz, deren Oberflächen von vornherein keine ausreichende Affinität zu den Transferdruck- Farben aufweisen, wobei die zu bedruckende Holzoberfläche zunächst in der Weise ausgerüstet oder vorbehandelt wird, daß auf diese Oberflächen Lack aufgetragen wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Lack ein von natürlichen Harzen freier Lack ist, welcher die Transferdruckfarbe aufnimmt und fixiert, ökologisch auf wasserlöslicher Basis aufgebaut ist und den Charakter des Holzes erhält.1. A method for printing wood, the surfaces of which do not have sufficient affinity for the transfer printing inks from the outset, the wooden surface to be printed being first equipped or pretreated in such a way that lacquer is applied to these surfaces, characterized in that the lacquer is a varnish free of natural resins, which absorbs and fixes the transfer printing ink, is ecologically based on water-soluble and maintains the character of the wood.
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auf die zu bedruckenden Holzoberflächen ein Ormocer-Lack aufgetragen wird.2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that on the an Ormocer varnish is applied to the wooden surfaces to be printed.
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß man damit im Stückteilbereich (z. B. Klötzchen) wie auch im Großholzbereich (z. B. Holzbreite 1,50 m) drucken kann.3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that one can use it in the partial section (e.g. blocks) as well as in the Large wood area (e.g. wood width 1.50 m) can print.
DE1995107230 1995-03-02 1995-03-02 Process for applying transfer printing inks to wood Ceased DE19507230A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1995107230 DE19507230A1 (en) 1995-03-02 1995-03-02 Process for applying transfer printing inks to wood

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1995107230 DE19507230A1 (en) 1995-03-02 1995-03-02 Process for applying transfer printing inks to wood

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE19507230A1 true DE19507230A1 (en) 1996-09-12

Family

ID=7755416

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE1995107230 Ceased DE19507230A1 (en) 1995-03-02 1995-03-02 Process for applying transfer printing inks to wood

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE19507230A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998039165A1 (en) * 1997-02-20 1998-09-11 Tero Juhani Turunen The ecological postcard
WO1999001297A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-14 Leo Stumpp Method for restoring damaged wooden surfaces
DE19736000A1 (en) * 1997-08-19 1999-02-25 Heberndorfer Leistenfabrik Direct goods labeling method
DE19751115A1 (en) * 1997-11-18 1999-05-20 Cruciger & Steffens Schreinere Decorated furniture panel

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4126096A1 (en) * 1991-08-07 1993-02-11 Thomas Kerle METHOD FOR PRINTING SUBSTRATES BY TRANSFER PRINTING METHOD

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4126096A1 (en) * 1991-08-07 1993-02-11 Thomas Kerle METHOD FOR PRINTING SUBSTRATES BY TRANSFER PRINTING METHOD

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998039165A1 (en) * 1997-02-20 1998-09-11 Tero Juhani Turunen The ecological postcard
WO1999001297A1 (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-01-14 Leo Stumpp Method for restoring damaged wooden surfaces
DE19736000A1 (en) * 1997-08-19 1999-02-25 Heberndorfer Leistenfabrik Direct goods labeling method
DE19751115A1 (en) * 1997-11-18 1999-05-20 Cruciger & Steffens Schreinere Decorated furniture panel

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OP8 Request for examination as to paragraph 44 patent law
8131 Rejection