DE10350844A1 - Animal treatment method e.g. for dairy cattle, by identifying the animal, determining if treatment is required, and performing animal-specific treatment - Google Patents

Animal treatment method e.g. for dairy cattle, by identifying the animal, determining if treatment is required, and performing animal-specific treatment

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Publication number
DE10350844A1
DE10350844A1 DE2003150844 DE10350844A DE10350844A1 DE 10350844 A1 DE10350844 A1 DE 10350844A1 DE 2003150844 DE2003150844 DE 2003150844 DE 10350844 A DE10350844 A DE 10350844A DE 10350844 A1 DE10350844 A1 DE 10350844A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
animal
device
treatment
sensor
method according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE2003150844
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Jelto Dipl.-Agr.-Ing. Harms
Ulrike Ruffer
Ute Schulz
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WESTFALIASURGE GMBH, 59199 BöNEN, DE
Original Assignee
WestfaliaSurge GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WestfaliaSurge GmbH filed Critical WestfaliaSurge GmbH
Priority to DE2003150844 priority Critical patent/DE10350844A1/en
Publication of DE10350844A1 publication Critical patent/DE10350844A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/12Milking stations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K11/00Marking of animals
    • A01K11/006Automatic identification systems for animals, e.g. electronic devices, transponders for animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K29/00Other apparatus for animal husbandry
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K29/00Other apparatus for animal husbandry
    • A01K29/005Monitoring or measuring activity, e.g. detecting heat or mating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61DVETERINARY INSTRUMENTS, IMPLEMENTS, TOOLS, OR METHODS
    • A61D17/00Devices for indicating trouble during labour of animals ; Methods or instruments for detecting pregnancy-related states of animals

Abstract

The method involves identifying the animal (6), and checking if the animal should be treated at this time. The requisites for treatment of the animal are provided, so that treatment can be carried out. Animal-specific treatment is performed if the animal requires treatment. The method preferably involves checking the physical health, the activity and/or temperature of the animal, or examining its excrement or milk. Independent claims are included for apparatus for performing the method.

Description

  • Of the The subject of the patent application relates to a method as well to a device for carrying out an animal-related treatment.
  • Even though the invention below for the use in dairy cattle is described, it is pointed out that the use also in meat-supplying cattle or animals generally possible. Furthermore, the use in breeding animals or even wild animals, e.g. in the zoo or the like, possible.
  • In dairy cattle, the dairy animals are subject to a strict health control, since even the raw milk as food for used for human consumption. So may cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep and mares, of which milk is obtained as food, no identifiable Signs of disturbance of the Have health status. Here is not only the State of health of the udder but the state of health of the udder of the whole animal.
  • The overall condition of an animal can be determined, for example, from its heartbeat, temperature, blood pressure, etc. For this the beats EP 0 728 413 B1 that a milking box has an inwardly hinged, medical device. For example, this device measures the animal's heartbeat, temperature, or blood pressure and provides the results of the measurement to a computer. With the aid of the aforementioned parameters, the state of health of an animal in the computer is kept up to date. When a parameter measured by the medical device deviates from an average value entered for the above-mentioned parameters in the computer, the farmer is made aware thereof by, for example, a computer printout. A deviation from the parameters may be an indication to the farmer that an animal is ill or, for example, is fervent.
  • The health monitoring of dairy cattle, which is done by the fact that a temperature control of individual animals is made, is also by the DE 199 00 089 A1 known. In this case, preferably, a measurement of the temperature of the udder.
  • By the DE 199 00 089 A1 It is also known that the analysis of milk given off by an animal can provide information on the health of the animal by appropriate selection of suitable parameters, for example the conductivity of the milk. By analyzing the milk, for example, certain metabolic disorders and feeding errors, such as ketoses and, to a certain extent, acidosis, can also be measured by measuring fat; Protein and ketone bodies are determined. Other illnesses can not be detected by the milk or only inadequately. It should also be taken into account that a considerable amount of laboratory work is necessary for the analysis of the milk.
  • With ever-growing Herds and in particular when using automatic milking systems it's getting harder and more complicated for the dairy farmer to make pathogenic changes to identify the dairy cattle.
  • A late Detecting animals that have changed their health can lead to performance losses to total loss. The Animals eat less, the milk yield goes back and it comes to a weight loss. Before visible clinical disorders lies a more or less long period of time in which the pathological changes but not in performance of the animal. The earliest the development of a Illness, the sooner it is possible, with appropriate countermeasures both a performance penalty as well as a disease to forestall directly. This does not apply only for an early one Detection of a pathogenic change, but in particular also for prophylaxis.
  • Of the The present invention is based on the object, a method to carry out to suggest an animal-related treatment, which automatically carried out can be. In particular, a method is sought, which with a small staff effort is feasible.
  • These Objective is achieved by a method of implementation an animal-related treatment with the features of claim 1 solved. Advantageous developments of the method according to the invention are the subject of dependent Claims.
  • The method according to the invention for carrying out an animal-related treatment is characterized in that first the determination of an animal-specific parameter takes place. After determination, it is checked whether the animal should be treated or not. This measure ensures that only such an animal is subjected to treatment, which is also intended for this purpose. The determination of whether an animal is undergoing treatment gene or not, can be made dependent on very different parameters.
  • So For example, there is a possibility that animal-specific data are deposited, from which results that an animal should be treated. In the animal-individual For example, data may be longer term Reflect treatment plan. In addition, there is the possibility that the review is up to date performed on the animal becomes. For example, if a recent check of the animal reveals that in the animal, exceeded a certain characteristic or a characteristic area left, it is then subjected to treatment in response.
  • Does that Result of the review that the animal is to undergo treatment, it may be a method of administration be determined for suitable in the present case. Depending on the administration method become the for the implementation provided the means of administration. Then you can the administration was carried out become. In the implementation The procedure ensures that the country specific statutory regulations and in particular the drug law Regulations are complied with.
  • By this method of the invention can a prophylactic treatment of the animal will be carried out. There is also the possibility that pathological changes of the animal at a very early age Time to be determined if a corresponding sensor is available. Checking if e.g. a dairy cattle should undergo treatment or not, can for example be carried out in a milking, feeding or animal box. Whether and how an animal should be cared for or treated can be described e.g. after a veterinary Investigation be decided. There is a possibility in the selection area, in the exit area, or in the pass-through area at least a review of the Animals or dairy cattle. Preferably, an identification and Treatment takes place in places that every animal has to pass anyway. This is of particular advantage since e.g. It is difficult with large animal herds and elaborate for the operator is to identify animals on sight.
  • The Treatment of an animal takes place after determination of the animal-individual Parameters are essentially automatic, in particular fully automatic. Furthermore can the animals have a recognition means, e.g. in the form of responders, to identify the animals. Also possible is an animal identification via ear tags, Microchips, bolus and the like more. A suitable animal individual Parameter is e.g. the weight of the animal. Also size, width and length can be suitable parameters. Also the fur, skin or feather texture can be a suitable parameter.
  • The inventive method to carry out Animal-related treatment can be done in cowsheds. However, this is not absolutely necessary. There is also the possibility mobile devices having corresponding devices, for example, to provide on a pasture, so that the animals can or must pass through this mobile device.
  • Especially it is preferred that the treatment be for maintenance and / or enhancement the health of the animal serves.
  • If an animal at the time of identification of a treatment or Supply should be subjected or not, is also dependent on the physical condition of the animal or dairy cattle. The physical Constitution can be checked. in this connection Preferably, an outer and inner review of the physical condition of the animal. The external constitution of the animal can be done, for example, by the activity of the animal is determined. Here, for example, the behavior of the animal before / or during a milking process detected. The detection can be done by means of a monitoring system, which has cameras take place. Also a muscle tone monitoring is advantageous. A statement about The physical condition of the animal may be the observation of the iris of the eye of an animal.
  • One Parameters for the state of health of the animal can be determined. For example, can a temperature measurement takes place directly or indirectly. In a direct Measurement is the measured value by means of a temperature sensor, the immediate comes into contact with the dairy cattle, determined. In an indirect Temperature measurement, for example, the radiant heat of the Dairy cattle are determined.
  • By collecting the excrement of a dairy cattle, measurements of the temperature of the excrement, for example, can provide information about the physical condition of the animal, as in the EP 1 312 311 A1 described. An embodiment of the method is possible in which the excrements of the dairy cattle are collected and examined with regard to their health status. In this case, at least an analysis of at least part of the excrement of the animal takes place, from which conclusions about the state of health of the animal can be drawn. The collection of the excrements is preferably carried out immediately after the excretion of the excrement. That caught up gene excretion can be analyzed in terms of at least one preferably physical characteristic. The physical parameters obtained in this way are preferably checked as to whether at least the one physical parameter lies within a predetermined tolerance field. If this is the case, a positive state of health can be attested to the animal. If the check leads to at least one physical parameter within a predetermined tolerance field, to the fact that this physical parameter is outside the tolerance field, a pathogenic change in the health status of the animal can be assumed. At least part of the feces is examined. However, it is also possible that only the excreted urine is examined. The examination of urine and faeces and other excrements is possible.
  • Statements about the Health status of the animal can be achieved by at least one physical and / or chemical characteristic we least part of a milking. A characteristic is e.g. the conductivity of the milking. The ph value of the milk is also a characteristic already during one Milking process can be determined. In addition, the consistency may be milk that is milked. In particular, can the amount of milk, the flow of milk, the color or color changes or electrical or capacitive properties of the milk become. This data can be considered as Decision basis for the implementation a possible Treatment as well as for the determination of the treatment method and possibly other parameters used become. contains flakes of milk, this is an indication of a possible disease of the Animal.
  • The in the identification of the animal and / or in the review of the animal Health data of the animal obtained data are preferred stored, so that provided historical data of the animal can be. From the temporal change the parameters can also the course of the state of health can be determined. This is particularly advantageous if the animal of a treatment was subjected. Based on experience, another can Course of health predicted from the onset of treatment become. Corresponds to the actual course the health of the animal during the veterinary prescribed treatment does not follow the predicted course, so can the animal is separated from the herd.
  • Out the course of the state of health can also the disease frequency be determined. Are the periods between diseases outside of a tolerance field, it may be assumed that the animal may be especially vulnerable is. Is an accumulation same clinical pictures especially in a plurality of animals before, it may be concluded that, where appropriate by inadequate or incorrect feeding or husbandry, for example inadequate stable hygiene, the health of the animals strong impaired becomes. The inventive method allows thus not only a time-saving and efficient implementation of a Animal or dairy cattle-related treatment, but also the possibility Provide decision support to the operator of the livestock by the state of health in the event of a change in the structure or the Operating the livestock operation can be influenced.
  • is specified or determined that the animal concerned supplies should be, so are the for provided the treatment necessary funds. In a preferred Development of the invention is an animal-specific dose and / or composition an agent, in particular a pharmaceutical agent, a Vitamin preparation, a feed supplement, preferably provided a mineral feed supplement and the dairy cattle. This may be a prophylactic Treatment method, for example, by administration of vitamin supplements or appropriately designed feed supplements of health status At least one animal kept stable and increased its defenses become.
  • The for the Treatment provided funds are preferably with a carrier administered. In the carrier These are, for example, water or feed (in particular Bait or concentrated feed). The uptake of the agent is preferably monitored. You can do this appropriate systems can be provided. A relatively simple method the surveillance The inclusion of the agent can be done by the means provided in a forage and / or water bowl weighing device becomes. The supervision can also by means of a camera system and / or a sensor system respectively.
  • at the implementation the treatment can in addition to the characteristics of a Animal also takes into account other data become. These may be, for example, parameters, the one about the pasture area, the weather conditions or the season. For example, it is known that a certain pasture area, according to experience stronger with Parasites infested, or weather conditions and season conclusion can give this over A herd management program will be considered and the animals be treated in a more targeted way.
  • Parasite control is one for the animal husbandry significant point. An effective preventive parasite control is necessary under the conditions of a cost-oriented production. It forms part of a health prophylaxis, as well as others Treatment concepts or measures in certain circumstances limited in their efficiency become.
  • to Treatment is also in the sense of health prophylaxis or parasite control suggested that one, in particular animal-specific, dose and / or Composition of an agent, a parasiticide, is brought into contact with an animal. To bring that in contact The remedy can be done by the animal or dairy cattle provided with the means, preferably watered. Also a brushing or spraying is possible. In particular, the remedy may be on the back of the animal from neck to the tail root be infused. The problem is the application in animals with long coat. Therefore, they should preferably be shorn beforehand. The application of the agent can by means of specially trained Devices take place. For example, a passage through which the animals have to go through, with a spray or pouring device be educated. The application of the agent can be done by that an animal is the process when passing through a light barrier triggers. The application can be on the way in or out of the stall while driving through or on an animal scale or in an animal box. It there is also the possibility to fix the animals.
  • For the dose the agent is recorded an animal-specific characteristic. This can e.g. to be the animal weight. That needed Animal weight may already be at an earlier date, for example in the stable above an animal scale has been determined. There is also the possibility Equip the animal box directly with a scale or an existing one Rebuild Libra and so the current weight and thus a current dosage of to determine the agent to be applied.
  • Prefers is fully automatic in the application of the at least one agent execution of the procedure. This also causes a contact of an operator with the means reduced to a minimum, to a possible impairment of the Exclude operator.
  • preferably, As described above, the dose of the agent or the respective Dose of the different agents to be applied, determined on a case-by-case basis. This takes into account animal-individual Characteristics, such as e.g. Weight, age, race, group membership, performance, gestational stage, Heat, food intake and the like more. These parameters can be up to date be captured or stored in memory as historical data.
  • A individually adjusted dosage and selection of the treatment Bears animals to minimize the amount of agent used and thus to increase profitability. Furthermore, environmental pollution is reduced.
  • In Dairy farms have a significant risk of transmission from infectious agents to and into the mammary gland. Udder diseases apply therefore in many countries with a developed dairy industry as the most significant damage factor in animal production.
  • Around to keep the teatcups as free as possible of pathogens additionally to a successful treatment e.g. with a vitamin liquid or an infusion preparation following the milking, a dipping takes place. Dryers Dipping is possible without prior milking.
  • The Treatment of the animal can not be done just by having one Agent administered or contacted with the animal is, but also by the fact that the animal, for example, irradiated becomes. This may preferably be a light or heat or Red light or laser or UV irradiation act, especially then takes place when a change e.g. a hardening of the udder and / or a change the joints are present. Irradiation may not work with others, either mentioned problems are used. To promote vitamin D formation in animals, it is advantageous if the animal is exposed to UV radiation becomes. There is also the possibility Areas of the animal, in particular the leg areas of the animal by means of Ultrasound, preferably low-frequency ultrasound, to be irradiated, thus strengthening the bone substance is achieved.
  • If an animal has undergone treatment or care, it is of particular advantage according to a further embodiment of the method if the animal is identified. With the identification of the animal is preferably also the treatment method, in particular the funds used, deposited the animal, so that it can be checked whether a further treatment of the animal on the one hand makes sense and on the other hand. If there is an incompatibility of two or more agents, this can be noted in the herd management system. It can also be issued a corresponding information to the operator. Basically, data on any treatment that is performed on an animal are stored in the herd management, so that a precise documentation of the treatment present.
  • The Documentation should be in addition to the periods in which the treatments carried out were also informed about give the type and extent of treatment. This will be done accordingly designed according to the respective legal requirements. Single or all Data collected in connection with the treatment of an animal or won also to a preferably mobile receiving part, which is an operator or an operator stands, transfers become. The labeling can be done, for example, by applying a color done. The coloring can also provide information about the Type of treatment.
  • Of the The present invention is also based on the object, a device to carry out to develop animal-related treatment, which is already in place existing milking systems or dairy cattle farms can be integrated.
  • These Objective is achieved by a device for carrying out a animal-related treatment with the features of claim 18 solved. advantageous Further developments and embodiments of the device are the subject the dependent claims.
  • The inventive device to carry out an animal-related treatment has an identification device by means of which an identification of at least one animal such as e.g. of a dairy cattle is achieved. To check if that is identified Animal to undergo treatment is a verification device intended. A treatment device is provided which at least the for an implementation provides at least one treatment necessary means. The Treatment device can by the selection device with the in their stored control and / or control codes are activated.
  • By This embodiment of the device for carrying out an animal-related treatment may have different Acts are performed on the animals. Standing the device also animal-specific data available, for example, in are stored in a memory, animal-specific actions carried out become. The device as such can be designed as a self-sufficient system become. There is also the possibility of the Device in existing milking systems or animal operations integrate, so that a subsequent equipment such an animal operation can be realized.
  • Around an adequate one Method of treatment or care is determined after a advantageous embodiment of the device proposed that the verification device has at least one measuring device. The measuring device provides at least one signal which at least one state size of the physical Constitution of the animal corresponds. Based on the signal content can be checked whether the identified animal should be treated or not. This would be For example, then the case when the signal of the measuring device is compared with a predetermined signal content and found is that the deviation between the actual signal and the deposited Signal outside a tolerance field is located. Depending on the size of the tolerance as well as the nature and meaning of the signal is determined by the selector selected an appropriate method of treatment. When selecting animal-specific Data taken into account become.
  • The physical condition of the animal can be physical and / or determined chemical or other parameters become. The determination can be passive or active. At a active determination of a characteristic For example, determines the weight or determines the milk yield or the age considered. When a characteristic is determined preferably no un mediate intervention on the animal. For determination a characteristic can a sensor unit can be used. The sensor unit preferably contains at least one sensor and / or a sensor system, which is selected from a group of sensors and / or sensor systems, wherein the Group a sensor for temperature measurement, a sensor for measurement an electrical characteristic, in particular a conductivity, capacity or inductance, a sensor for determining a viscosity, a sensor for determining a pH, a motion sensor, a pressure sensor, a sensor for Determination of the transmitted light, a sensor for determination of the reflected light, an image sensor, and the like includes. Dependent on of the configuration of the sensor unit may differ from this Characteristics provided become.
  • A information about The health status of an animal can be explained by excrement of an animal. For this purpose, the device according to the invention a catcher for catching excrements of an animal exhibit.
  • Preferably Is it possible, in that by the verification device a selection device connected thereto is activated. In the selection device is then at least one Treatment method in the form of control or regulating signals deposited.
  • According to another advantageous Ausgestal tion of the device, such as in a milking parlor, it is proposed that a removal device for removing at least a portion of a milking is provided. The extraction of at least a portion of a milk for analysis of the milked milk is known per se. The analysis of such a milk provides data that serve as decision criteria, whether the milk is usable for human consumption or not. In addition, these data can provide information about the health status of an animal. Depending on the form in which a meaningful change in the milk is present, it is possible to conclude on certain clinical pictures which can be eliminated by the use of certain treatment methods.
  • To a further advantageous embodiment of the device is proposed that this has a stimulus. through the stimulator is an animal such. a dairy cattle, at least exposed to a stimulus. The animal's reaction to the stimulus becomes registered and evaluated. The registration of the reaction can for example, by means of an image processing system. Dependent on From the result of the evaluation can be a treatment of the animal carried out become. For further verification of possibly necessary treatment can also combinations of different diagnostic procedures be used.
  • By the treatment device of the device are those for performing a Treatment necessary funds provided. These are preferably provided by means of a dispenser. This acts it is in particular a dispenser, preferably an animal-specific dose and / or composition of an agent, in particular a pharmaceutical agent, a vitamin preparation, a feed supplement, preferably a mineral feed supplement provides. The provision can be carried out with the aid of a carrier respectively. For example, it is possible to use the agent with water to mix and provide to the identified animal. The recording of the agent is preferably monitored, to ensure that the animal actually takes the remedy. After taking the potion is cleaned so that subsequent Animals leading to the potions arrive, not in contact with the means, which for a previous Animal was destined to arrive.
  • The Dispensing device may also be a pouring unit and / or a spray unit exhibit. By means of a casting unit and / or a spray unit can liquid or foaming Means be brought into contact with the animal. With the means These may be, for example, vitamin supplements or parasiticides act.
  • To the Applying a means is according to a further advantageous embodiment the device proposed that the dispenser at least a handling system, preferably a robot. The Handling system, in particular the robot is designed such that this, for example, by means of a sponge a preparation on a specific location of the carcass, or an area of the carcass applying. This may be the preparation To deal with care products that are applied to the udder of the animal become.
  • Around Ensure that an animal is not exposed to treatment methods which mutually reinforce or negatively influence one another or even incompatible are, it is proposed that the device at least one marking device having. The labeling device provides information about the conducted Treatment, in particular the funds used, and the duration of the treatment associated with the animal deposited. This can be a deposit in the identification means act that bears the animal. The marking device can be designed such that it on the body of the animal makes a mark. At the mark it can For example, it is a color mark, which is also a contains multicolor code, what information about the performed Treatment gives.
  • The inventive device is for a stationary one Operation suitable. Particularly advantageous is the device when this is mobile, and this creates the opportunity To arrange the device, for example, on a pasture.
  • The Device can be used in different areas of an animal Operation arranged. The device may be a milking device have or be connected to it. Then the health status can be an animal to be checked during milking and depending of which a treatment of the animal can be carried out.
  • According to a further inventive concept, an arrangement is provided which comprises at least one area in which at least one milking animal can be present and at least one device according to one of claims 18 to 33. Preferred is an arrangement in which at least two areas are provided, wherein two adjacent areas are connected to each other so that at least one device is provided in the connection path, so that an animal when changing from one area to the other area, the at least one device happens. This will ensure that the animals will identify when moving from one area to the second area be verified and / or verified.
  • Further Details and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the in the Drawing illustrated embodiments explains without the subject of the invention to these embodiments is limited.
  • It demonstrate:
  • 1 A first embodiment of a device for carrying out an animal-related treatment,
  • 2 schematically a second embodiment of a device,
  • 3 schematically an embodiment of a mobile device and
  • 4 an embodiment of an arrangement with a device for performing an animal-related treatment.
  • The 1 schematically shows a first embodiment of an apparatus for performing an animal-related treatment. The device comprises an identification device 1 with whose help an animal such as a dairy cattle 6 is identified. After identification of the dairy cattle is using a verification device 2 Check if the identified dairy cattle 6 should be treated or not. Between the identification device 1 and the verification device 6 there is a communication connection 7 , In the communication connection 7 it may be a line, in particular an electrical or optical line. The communication between the identification device 1 and the verification device 2 can also be wireless.
  • Is by the verification device 2 found that the dairy cattle 6 is to be subjected to a treatment, the verification device transmits a corresponding signal to a selection device 3 , In the selection device different methods of treatment of a dairy cattle in the form of control and / or control signals are stored. According to predetermined criteria, a method of treatment suitable for the dairy cattle is selected.
  • The selection device controls a treatment device 4 which provides necessary funds to carry out at least one treatment.
  • With the selection device 3 can be a data processing system 5 be connected so that data of individual animals are provided to a herd. The data may also include historical characteristics that may be considered when selecting a suitable treatment method.
  • 2 shows a second embodiment of an apparatus for performing an animal-related treatment. The device comprises a box 8th An animal passing through an entrance 9 enter and over an exit 10 can leave. The animal can be fixed in the box. This means that the animal is at least limited in terms of its possibilities of movement. The entrance 9 can be opened or closed. For this purpose, in the illustrated embodiment, a goal 11 provided, which is formed double-leaf. This is not mandatory. The gate 11 is movable between a closed and an open position. So that an animal, which is in the box 8th being able to leave this one too will score 12 which is the exit 10 at least during treatment, open.
  • A in the box 8th The animal is located by means of the identification device 1 identified. The verification device 2 has in the illustrated embodiment, three measuring devices 13 each providing at least one signal corresponding to at least one characteristic of the animal. Every measuring device 13 has at least one sensor unit 14 with at least one sensor and / or sensor system. The at least one sensor is preferably selected from a group of sensors comprising a sensor for measuring temperature, a sensor for measuring an electrical parameter, in particular a conductivity, capacitance or inductance, a sensor for determining a viscosity, a sensor for determining a pH value. Value, a motion sensor, a pressure sensor, a sensor for determining the transmitted light, a sensor for determining the reflected light, or an image sensor u. Like. Contains more. It can also be present only a measuring device or no measuring device, namely, if the treatment is given or based on the age of the animal, the group affiliation, race or stored data.
  • The treatment facility 4 has dispensers 15 by means of which preferably an animal-specific dose and / or composition of an agent are provided. There may be reservoirs or depots 16 be provided, in which different means are stored. Not shown is, for example, a metering unit of the delivery device, by means of which a predetermined dose of the agent is provided and deployed. The dispensers 15 at least a casting unit and / or a spray unit, by means of which a means is brought into contact with an animal.
  • By means of the marking device 17 If an animal has undergone treatment, it can be labeled. The embodiment of the marking device 17 can be very different. This can for example have transmission means, transmitted by the information to an animal-carried identification means and these are also stored there. If an animal does not have an identification means, then the labeling device 17 have a unit for affixing a marking to the animal. The marking can be formed in the form of a color patch.
  • The box 8th is represented as representative of a treatment station. At the box 8th it may, for example, be a milking, feeding or animal box. The box can also be formed by a gangway.
  • 3 shows a mobile embodiment of a device for performing an animal-related treatment. The device comprises a preferably lowerable trolley 18 , Not illustrated ramps can be an animal 6 the trolley 18 enter and leave. The floor 19 on which one is in the dolly 18 located animal 6 is here is a part of an animal scale. The weight of the animal is recorded by means of the animal scale. The animal scale is part of a measuring device that has the verification device.
  • For visual inspection of the animal and to monitor the treatment are here cameras 20 . 21 intended. The camera 20 is arranged so that it captures the animal from above while the camera 21 is arranged so that it captures the animal from below. The cameras 20 . 21 can also be designed to be movable, so that a nearly complete image of the animal is possible. By means of the cameras 20 . 21 also the behavior of the animal can be observed. Such observation is particularly advantageous if a stimulus device is provided, with which an irritation of the animal is performed. The behavior of the animal on a stimulus is correlated with a behavioral pattern, so that the actual behavior of the animal may reveal noticeable changes in the animal.
  • For treating at least the hooves of the animal, a treatment device 22 is located in the area of the floor 19 intended. The floor 19 For example, it can be provided with openings so that through the openings of the treatment device 22 a means, in particular a foaming agent 23 , is applied.
  • In the front part is a trough 24 in which an animal-specific dose and / or composition of an agent, in particular a pharmaceutical agent, a vitamin preparation, a feed supplement, preferably a mineral feed supplement, is provided. This agent may also be provided in conjunction with feed or water (especially bait or concentrated feed). The funds are in storage depots or containers 25 . 26 stored. The reservoirs are designed so that they ensure the durability of the agent and prevent foreign access. The funds are administered via a dosing unit 27 dosed and into the trough 24 directed. Before a next animal undergoes treatment, the trough becomes 24 cleaned by a cleaning device, not shown.
  • Above the ground 19 is another treatment facility 28 intended. Through the treatment facility 28 a UV light irradiation of the animal is possible. By UV light irradiation, the vitamin D formation is stimulated in the animal.
  • Animals, such as cows, should be treated for parasites. An agent can then be applied to the back of the animal from the neck to the tail root. The application of such an agent is carried out, for example, by pouring. This is an outlet 29 intended. The outlet is a part of a conduit, in particular a flexible conduit, which is arranged to be movable in the longitudinal direction. The pipe is with a container 30 connected, from which the treatment agent over the outlet 29 can flow out. An outflow of the agent from the container 30 occurs when a locking device 31 which is in the lead 32 is arranged is released. For dosing the agent, a dosing unit, not shown, is used. The dose of the agent depends, for example, on the species, animal breed, and / or weight of the animal and the other parameters described above
  • That in the 3 illustrated animal 6 is equipped with eg a neck responder. Indicates an animal 6 no such responder, so is by a labeling device 17 a color mark and / or a color detection applied to the animal.
  • The mobile device is here with a solar system 33 equipped, by the energy demand of the device is at least partially covered.
  • To treat the udder of the animal is a treatment facility 34 intended. By means of the treatment device 34 udder medicines or skin care products may be applied to the udder in the form of lotions and ointments. Here The commonly used remedies can be applied to the udder with a disposable cloth or disposable sponge. In udder diseases, but also in joint diseases or other problems and possibly for drying previously applied udder means, or to dry the animal itself, for example, a red light irradiation at least a portion of an animal 6 respectively. For this purpose, a corresponding treatment device is provided.
  • 4 shows an arrangement comprising a first area 35 and a second area 36 , The two areas are connected to one another in such a way that a connection path in the illustrated exemplary embodiment comprises two devices 37 intended to carry out animal-related treatment. An animal, such as a dairy cattle, is forced through one of the devices 37 passed through, if it should change from one area to the other area or change. It is also possible to make selections, so that only selected animals through the device 37 be passed while other animals can change from one area to the other area by a gear, not shown. In the areas 35 . 36 it can be different areas of a stable. For example, the area 36 at least one sunbathing area 38 exhibit. It's rich 36 at least one sunbathing area 38 exhibit. There is also the possibility that at least one area is formed by a pasture.
  • 1
    identification device
    2
    verification device
    3
    selector
    4
    treatment facility
    5
    Data processing system
    6
    animal
    7
    communication link
    8th
    box
    9
    entrance
    10
    output
    11
    gate
    12
    gate
    13
    measuring device
    14
    sensor unit
    15
    delivery device
    16
    Reservoir / Depot
    17
    designator
    18
    Dolly
    19
    ground
    20
    camera
    21
    camera
    22
    Behandlungsseinrichtung
    23
    medium
    24
    trough
    25 26
    container
    27
    dosing
    28
    treatment facility
    29
    outlet
    30
    container
    31
    blocking member
    32
    management
    33
    solar system
    34
    treatment facility
    35, 36
    Area
    37
    contraption
    38
    Liege area

Claims (33)

  1. Method for carrying out an animal-related treatment, comprising the following steps: a) identification of an animal ( 6 ), b) checking that the animal ( 6 ) at the time of identification of a treatment, c) providing the means necessary for the method of treatment so that the treatment can be carried out. d) Carrying out the treatment, which is designed to be animal-specific if the animal is to be treated.
  2. Method according to claim 1, wherein the physical condition of the animal ( 6 ) is checked.
  3. The method of claim 2, wherein the activity and / or the temperature of the animal is determined.
  4. Method according to claim 2 or 3, wherein at least part of the feces of the animal ( 6 ) and examined with regard to the health status.
  5. Method according to one of claims 2 to 4, wherein the physical Constitution of the animal from at least part of a milking determined becomes.
  6. Method according to at least one of claims 1 to 5, in which at least one physical and / or chemical characteristic of the milk is determined.
  7. Method according to at least one of the preceding Claims, where the conductivity of the milk and / or the pH of the milk and / or the amount of the milk and / or the flow of milk during a milking process.
  8. Method according to one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the animal is exposed to at least one stimulus.
  9. Method according to at least one of the claims 1 to 8, in which the parameters describing the physical condition are stored.
  10. Method according to at least one of claims 1 to 9, in which from the characteristics a temporal change is determined.
  11. Method according to one or more of the preceding claims which determines the time span since the last treatment.
  12. Method according to one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the animal with an individual animal dose and / or composition of a Is supplied by means.
  13. Method according to claim 12, in which in particular a pharmaceutical, a vitamin supplement, a feed supplement, preferably provided a mineral feed supplement and the animal is administered, the administration with a carrier can be done.
  14. Method according to one of the preceding claims 1 to 13, in which an agent, for example a parasiticidal agent, is brought into contact with an animal by the animal with a Means are sprinkled, preferably sprayed and / or the agent optionally applied mechanically with an aid.
  15. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 14, wherein the animal is fixed.
  16. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein a successful treatment is marked the animal, the Labeling can be done by applying a color to the animal.
  17. Method according to at least one of claims 1 to 16, wherein a method of treatment is determined.
  18. Device for carrying out an animal-related treatment, having an identification device ( 1 ) for identifying at least one animal ( 6 ), a verification device ( 1 ) to check whether the identified animal ( 6 ) is to be subjected to a treatment, a treatment facility ( 4 ), which individually provides the means for performing a treatment.
  19. Apparatus according to claim 18, characterized in that the verification device ( 1 ) at least one measuring device ( 13 ) providing at least one signal indicating at least one physical condition of the animal ( 6 ) corresponds.
  20. Apparatus according to claim 19, characterized in that the measuring device ( 13 ) has at least one sensor unit for determining at least one preferably physical characteristic.
  21. Apparatus according to claim 20, characterized by a sensor unit ( 14 ) with at least one sensor and / or sensor system selected from a group of sensors and / or sensor systems, the sensor for measuring temperature, a sensor for measuring an electrical characteristic, in particular a conductivity, capacitance or inductance, a sensor for determining a viscosity, a Sensor for detecting a pH, a motion sensor, a pressure sensor, a sensor for determining the transmitted light, a sensor for determining the reflected light, an image sensor and the like more.
  22. Apparatus according to claim 19, 20 or 21, characterized by a collecting device for collecting excrement of a Animal.
  23. Device according to one of claims 19 to 22, characterized by a removal device for removing at least one part a milking.
  24. Device according to at least one of claims 18 to 23, characterized by a stimulation device, by means of an animal is exposed to at least one stimulus.
  25. Device according to one of claims 18 to 24, characterized by at least one, preferably automatically operating, dispensing device ( 15 ), by means of which preferably a animal-specific dose and / or composition of an agent, in particular a pharmaceutical agent, a vitamin preparation, a feed supplement, preferably a mineral feed supplement is provided.
  26. Apparatus according to claim 25, characterized in that the dispensing device ( 15 ) has at least one casting unit and / or a spray unit.
  27. Apparatus according to claim 25 or 26, characterized in that the dispensing device ( 15 ) has at least one handling system, preferably a robot.
  28. Device according to one of claims 18 to 27, characterized in that at least one marking device ( 17 ) is provided.
  29. Device according to at least one of the preceding claims 18 to 28, characterized gekenn records that this is mobile.
  30. Device according to one of claims 18 to 29, characterized that this has a milking device.
  31. Device according to at least one of claims 18 to 30, characterized in that one with the verification device ( 1 ) associated selection device ( 3 ) is provided, which is intended for selecting a method of treatment, wherein the selection in the form of control and / or control signals is stored in the selection device
  32. Arrangement comprising at least one area, in at least one animal can stay, and at least one Device according to one of the claims 18 to 30.
  33. Arrangement according to claim 31, wherein said at least two regions ( 35 . 36 ), where two adjacent regions ( 35 . 36 ) are connected to one another in such a way that at least one device ( 37 ) is provided so that an animal when changing from one area to the other area, the at least one device ( 37 ) happens.
DE2003150844 2003-10-31 2003-10-31 Animal treatment method e.g. for dairy cattle, by identifying the animal, determining if treatment is required, and performing animal-specific treatment Withdrawn DE10350844A1 (en)

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WO2008028488A2 (en) * 2006-09-05 2008-03-13 Robot Milking Solution Skandinavien A/S Controlling a dairy stable
WO2009091886A2 (en) * 2008-01-16 2009-07-23 The Iams Company Automated systems for feeding animals and collecting animal excrement
NL1035232C2 (en) * 2008-03-31 2009-10-01 Nedap Nv Animal interaction system provided with at least one UV light unit.
DE202010012336U1 (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-01-02 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Device for pregnancy detection
DE202012005655U1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-09-16 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Sow barn for raising livestock
DE202012005653U1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-09-16 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Multifunctional unit for carrying out measures on livestock
DE202012005654U1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-09-16 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Sowing barn for raising livestock in small group housing
DE202013002292U1 (en) * 2013-03-11 2014-06-12 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Arrangement for individual animal monitoring of a group of fattening pigs in group housing

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WO2008028488A3 (en) * 2006-09-05 2008-04-24 Robot Milking Solution Skandin Controlling a dairy stable
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WO2009091886A3 (en) * 2008-01-16 2009-10-29 The Iams Company Automated systems for feeding animals and collecting animal excrement
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DE202012005654U1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-09-16 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Sowing barn for raising livestock in small group housing
DE202012005655U1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-09-16 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Sow barn for raising livestock
DE202013002292U1 (en) * 2013-03-11 2014-06-12 Big Dutchman Pig Equipment Gmbh Arrangement for individual animal monitoring of a group of fattening pigs in group housing

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