DE10331466A1 - Locking device - Google Patents

Locking device Download PDF

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Publication number
DE10331466A1
DE10331466A1 DE10331466A DE10331466A DE10331466A1 DE 10331466 A1 DE10331466 A1 DE 10331466A1 DE 10331466 A DE10331466 A DE 10331466A DE 10331466 A DE10331466 A DE 10331466A DE 10331466 A1 DE10331466 A1 DE 10331466A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
vehicle
door
locking
vehicle door
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE10331466A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Stefan Pintér
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Robert Bosch GmbH
Original Assignee
Robert Bosch GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Robert Bosch GmbH filed Critical Robert Bosch GmbH
Priority to DE10331466A priority Critical patent/DE10331466A1/en
Publication of DE10331466A1 publication Critical patent/DE10331466A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F5/00Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers
    • E05F5/02Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers specially for preventing the slamming of swinging wings during final closing movement, e.g. jamb stops
    • E05F5/022Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers specially for preventing the slamming of swinging wings during final closing movement, e.g. jamb stops specially adapted for vehicles, e.g. for hoods or trunks
    • E05F5/025Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers specially for preventing the slamming of swinging wings during final closing movement, e.g. jamb stops specially adapted for vehicles, e.g. for hoods or trunks specially adapted for vehicle doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/40Safety devices, e.g. detection of obstructions or end positions
    • E05F15/42Detection using safety edges
    • E05F15/43Detection using safety edges responsive to disruption of energy beams, e.g. light or sound
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F5/00Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C17/00Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith
    • E05C17/003Power-actuated devices for limiting the opening of vehicle doors
    • E05C17/006Power-actuated devices for limiting the opening of vehicle doors with means for detecting obstacles outside the doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/40Safety devices, e.g. detection of obstructions or end positions
    • E05F15/42Detection using safety edges
    • E05F15/43Detection using safety edges responsive to disruption of energy beams, e.g. light or sound
    • E05F2015/434Detection using safety edges responsive to disruption of energy beams, e.g. light or sound with optical sensors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/40Safety devices, e.g. detection of obstructions or end positions
    • E05F15/42Detection using safety edges
    • E05F2015/483Detection using safety edges for detection during opening
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/60Suspension or transmission members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/622Suspension or transmission members elements
    • E05Y2201/676Transmission of human force
    • E05Y2201/68Handles, cranks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/10Electronic control
    • E05Y2400/52Safety arrangements
    • E05Y2400/53Wing impact prevention or reduction
    • E05Y2400/532Emergency braking
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/80User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/81User displays
    • E05Y2400/812User displays with acoustic display
    • E05Y2400/814Sound emitters, e.g. speakers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/80User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/81User displays
    • E05Y2400/818User displays with visual display
    • E05Y2400/822Light emitters, e.g. LEDs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/80User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/85User input means
    • E05Y2400/852Sensors
    • E05Y2400/856Actuation thereof
    • E05Y2400/858Actuation thereof by body parts
    • E05Y2400/86Actuation thereof by body parts by hand
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors

Abstract

It is proposed a locking device for a vehicle door, in which the vehicle environment, the vehicle condition and / or the door room itself are monitored by at least one sensor. The locking device serves to increase the resistance to open and / or close the vehicle door in dependence on the sensor data.

Description

  • The Invention is based on a locking device for a vehicle door the genus of the main claim. There are already known vehicle doors, the one next to a stable position in the closed state have two opening positions, where they remain relatively stable. Will not the doors exactly in these stable opening positions brought, they either continue to unfold or fall. Even if the doors be brought into a stable position, so can a vehicle inclination along or transverse to a vehicle longitudinal axis cause that's the doors unintentionally over the wished and once set opening angle open out or close again. Getting into the vehicle or getting out of the vehicle is hampered by such a closing doors or it can thereby even injuries to people getting in or out come. About that can out unintentionally opening doors damage neighboring vehicles or other objects. Long tailgates, the opened over the vehicle height can protrude especially in low parking garages are also damaged. It is also known the doors a motor vehicle against unintentional opening, especially by children during the Secure drive. Such a parental control is currently mechanical permanently set. If the setting is omitted, it is missing while the ride entirely on a fuse against opening. About that In addition, it is known vehicle doors through individual locks or, where appropriate, central locking against unauthorized or unintentional opening to secure. Is the locking mechanism of the castle but out of function set, e.g. with a broken vehicle, is another Backup not possible. Furthermore In particular, it can lead to injuries, if at a Shut down a vehicle door Persons or e.g. a hand is located in a door opening area, in particular in the door fold.
  • From the DE 105 33 804 A1 a vehicle door is known with a power-operated locking device. In this case, in a vehicle having a pivotable door, which has a power-operated locking device for limiting the door opening angle, a distance to an obstacle is monitored by a sensor attached to the edge of the door. At a predetermined distance to an obstacle triggers a locking device in the sense of blocking the further door opening movement without delay, so that a further increase in the door opening angle is prevented. An increase in the distance or in other words, a movement of the door in the closing direction lifts the lock again. The sensor is designed for non-contact measurement.
  • From the DE 199 15 753 A1 For example, a method and apparatus for limiting the opening angle of a pivoting vehicle door is known. To protect against damage when entering or exiting the driver or passengers, the distance between the door or the door edge of an obstacle, such as a parked vehicle, determined and the automatic limitation of the door movement depending on the required distance or safety distance with the aid of electronic measurement technology the door or door edge of the obstacle evaluated. In a special case, it may be sufficient to maintain the limitation of the door movement only for a short time, for example, only until the departing person becomes aware of the obstacle. Here, the detection of the obstacle or the driving of the actuator is additionally signaled, for example by lighting the vehicle lights or a warning lamp, or by an acoustic signal.
  • From the DE 41 19 579 A1 a device for detecting objects in not directly visible field of view of a vehicle is known. Here, a door brake is activated when approaching an object to the motor vehicle.
  • Advantages of invention
  • The inventive locking device with the characteristics of the independent claims has in contrast the advantage that a resistance to open and / or close the car door dependent on from the data of a sensor for monitoring the vehicle environment, the vehicle condition and / or the door space is selected. Unlike a mere Limitation of a door movement This allows a dynamic adaptation of the resistance can be achieved. In contrast to an abrupt limitation of an opening angle, a rebound will occur the door at a boundary point of an opening angle avoided. In addition, a user through an adaptive adaptation the opening resistance react flexibly to the obstacles and open the door accordingly shut down, even if he should have overlooked an obstacle once. By doing both a closing, as well as an opening the door in terms of Adapted to the resistance, not only obstacles when opening, but also to obstacles when closing the vehicle door the locking device according to the invention be reacted.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous if necessary to completely lock the vehicle door in dependence on the sensor data, on the one hand, a bouncing of the door on an artificially created Begren on the other hand to provide a door lock or door lock in addition to other fuses.
  • By in the subclaims listed activities are advantageous developments and improvements in the claims 1 and 2 specified locking possible. Especially advantageous is that the vehicle door then locked when an obstacle in an open vehicle door in the doorway, especially in the door rebate is detected. This avoids that when slamming the door, e.g. Hands, Fingers or objects in the door fold can be trapped. A bouncing of the door, e.g. in a sudden Slamming is also avoided by the lock.
  • Further it is beneficial to the door to lock in the closed position when a vehicle movement and / or a running of a vehicle engine is detected. In addition to a mechanical security is through the locking device according to the invention Another means to secure the door against accidental opening to Available.
  • It is also advantageous, the vehicle door in a closed state then lock when an alarm system of the vehicle is activated is. This can additionally to the mechanical security through a lock the door through the locking device to be secured. The breaking up of a castle or the impact of the disc is then not sufficient to the vehicle door to open.
  • It is also advantageous, the movement of the vehicle door in open Condition at least aggravate if an inclination of the vehicle is detected. This can cause an accidental opening or closing the vehicle doors be avoided. Thus, you can resulting injuries and damage to own vehicle, on foreign vehicle or other objects are prevented. One Entry or exit from the vehicle is thus at a tilt the vehicle more comfortable, since it is not necessary through Incoming or outgoing in addition the vehicle door as an adaptive adaptation of a door lock in a suitable opening position already by the locking device according to the invention is made.
  • It is also advantageous an actuating element which acts on the vehicle door, as an electromechanical, electropneumatic or electrohydraulic Perform actuator. By these adjusting elements, a movement of the vehicle door both prevented as well as muffled or possibly even supported.
  • Farther is advantageous to the vehicle door a control to cancel to provide the Arretier of the vehicle door obtained from the locking device. This allows a simple way a corresponding lock the vehicle door unlocked Be sure that this is not done by accidental pressure on the door, but only with the knowledge of the user.
  • Further is advantageous in a crash to completely remove a possible locking of the vehicle doors, to the passengers of the vehicle as quickly as possible get out of the vehicle to enable.
  • drawing
  • embodiments The invention are illustrated in the drawing and in the following description explained in more detail. It demonstrate
  • 1 a locking device according to the invention on a vehicle door,
  • 2 a schematic structure of a locking device according to the invention with connected sensors.
  • description of the embodiment
  • The Locking device according to the invention can for any Vehicles are used. In particular, it is advantageous for passenger vehicles usable, which is often quite fast entry and exit the vehicle desired becomes. In the following, the locking device according to the invention is the example a use in a motor vehicle explained.
  • In the 1 is a side view of a vehicle door 1 in a motor vehicle 2 shown. The vehicle door 1 covers an opening in a vehicle body 3 of the motor vehicle 2 When open, it allows the driver to get in or out of the vehicle. The vehicle door 1 is on a rotation axis 4 movably mounted and locked via fasteners not shown in the closed state in the vehicle body 3 , An opening of the vehicle door 1 from the locked state via a door handle 5 , Upon actuation of the door handle 5 the fasteners are solved so that the vehicle door 1 can be opened. In a preferred embodiment is on or beside the door handle 5 a door lock 6 arranged that locks an actuation of the door handle in the closed state. In the 1 is only an outside door handle 5 shown. Entspre The outer door handle can also be monitored for actuation of an inner door handle.
  • In the vehicle is a control unit 7 arranged for the control of the locking device according to the invention. The control unit 7 acts in the embodiment shown here on a first motor unit 11 and a second motor unit 12 , The first motor unit 11 serves to lock the vehicle door immediately in its current position. In a preferred embodiment, a non-illustrated blocking element acts on the axis of rotation by the first motor unit 4 so that the blockage by the first motor unit 11 without a power consumption can take place during the blocking. The second motor unit 12 serves to exert a force on the axis of rotation, by which a resistance to a movement of the door increases, or with which the door itself can be moved.
  • When opening the doors, the motor units become 11 . 12 so controlled that the vehicle door 1 For example, when a touch of an interior door opener, not shown in the drawing, only open so far that a nearby object is not touched by it. According to the invention, the limitation of the door opening takes place via the increase of an opening resistance. An increase of the resistance is to be understood that by means of the second motor unit, a force on the axis of rotation 4 and thus transmitted to the vehicle door, which counteracts an operating force of a user who wants to open or close the door. In addition to the inertia of the door mass and the frictional resistance in the door bearing now this counterforce must now be overcome to move the vehicle door. The user can now open or close the door, but this must be compared to a door movement without additional resistance spend a greater force. This greater force is directly felt by the user, so that the user is hereby informed that possibly an obstacle in the opening region of the vehicle door 1 located. In addition, due to the increased resistance, a door opening begun with the usual use of force is slowed down. The resistance can be set to a continuous value in the event of an obstacle in the door opening area. However, it is also possible to increase the resistance with the approach to an obstacle possibly up to a locking of the vehicle door.
  • In a further embodiment, it is also possible, the first and the second motor unit 11 . 12 in an actuator. In a further embodiment, by the second motor unit 12 the door can also be opened or closed automatically. In a further embodiment, it is possible that an opening and / or closing of the vehicle door 1 motor assisted. Thus, if the vehicle door is opened or closed manually, this movement is assisted by the second motor unit by a force acting in the respective direction of movement. As a result, a force required for a manual movement is reduced.
  • At the vehicle door 1 (or at another suitable location) are one or more distance sensors 8th arranged, which is a distance of the edge of the vehicle door to possible obstacles in the environment of the motor vehicle 2 determine. The distance sensor 8th is executed in a preferred embodiment as an ultrasonic sensor. However, other sensors, such as radar or video sensors, may be used. In a preferred embodiment, not only the distance but also the relative speed of the vehicle door to the object in the vehicle environment for determining a collision risk is detected.
  • In the area of the transition of the vehicle door 1 and the vehicle body 3 are sensors 9 arranged a space between the vehicle door 1 and the vehicle body 3 monitor. These are the sensors 9 as capacitive sensors, optical sensors, eg light barriers, and / or ultrasonic sensors, which detect the presence of an obstacle in the door gap. In the event that when an open door obstacles, especially near the edge of the opening for the vehicle door 1 are located by the sensors 9 a warning information to the control unit 7 transmitted. Likewise, the data from the distance sensor 8th to the control unit 7 transmitted. Furthermore, a sensor is provided with which a status of the door handle 5 and / or the door lock 6 to the control unit 7 be transmitted. Thus, it can be detected whether the door is closed or whether a user the door handle 5 touched. For the sake of clarity of the drawing are in the 1 only given some of the components with which a locking device according to the invention can be connected.
  • In the 2 is shown in a detailed schematic representation of a locking device according to the invention in conjunction with a plurality of sensors, which alternatively or together to the control unit 7 can be connected. The control unit 7 has a memory 14 on, in the limits for those of the various, to the control unit 7 connected sensors 9 measured sizes are stored. If these limit values are exceeded, an An takes place according to a stored rule control of the motor units 11 . 12 , In accordance with this influence, movement of the vehicle door is made more difficult or easier or the vehicle door is locked or the lock is released. In particular, in the memory 14 Values can be stored for how, for example, the resistance, which is opposed to a door movement, behaves when the door edge approaches an obstacle in the vehicle environment. In this case, it is provided, for example, to provide an increasing resistance to movement of the door with increasing approach to the obstacle. In addition, this may also be made possible to provide a damping against a slamming of the vehicle door in a door closing by a fast moving door shortly before slamming over the motor unit 12 a braking force on the vehicle door 1 is exercised. To detect the current door position is a position sensor 20 provided, which determines the respective current opening angle of the vehicle door. Depending on this determined opening angle, the control unit 7 a corresponding regulation of the motor units 11 . 12 make, for example, a lock in an open position or a brake at a slam. In contrast to a mechanical locking of the door, the locking position can be chosen freely with a motor locking.
  • Further, to the control unit 7 a lock and / or door handle sensor 21 connected with the determinable whether the vehicle door is closed and / or whether the door handle 5 is pressed. If the door is locked, in addition to the security through the door lock 6 a fuse through the motor units 11 . 12 be initiated, so that even with a broken door lock opening of the vehicle door is not possible. As a result, an additional theft protection is given. In a further embodiment, with an open-minded door and any position of the vehicle door, a lock can be loosened or even released when an actuation of the door handle 5 is detected.
  • Furthermore, a data output of an airbag control unit 22 to the control unit 7 guided. Triggers an airbag, is expected from an accident. In this case, the control unit lifts 7 a door lock on to allow easy opening of the doors. In a preferred embodiment, the control device has a suitable emergency power supply for this purpose, for example in the form of suitable capacities, which can provide the energy necessary for releasing a lock even in the event of a voltage breakdown.
  • Further, the control unit 7 with the sensors 9 for monitoring the border area between the vehicle door 1 and the vehicle body 3 , in particular for monitoring the door rebate connected. Is with an open vehicle door 1 an obstacle between the vehicle door 1 and the vehicle body 3 determined, so blocked the motor unit 11 a further closing of the vehicle door 1 , Becomes an obstacle with the distance sensor 8th detects a further opening of the vehicle door is prevented by locking the vehicle door or the resistance to open the vehicle door 1 is continuously increased up to a lock. Through such dynamic growth, a user is warned of an obstacle by the growing resistance without the door opening itself with greater resistance becoming an obstacle itself. Optionally, further sensors may be arranged for the detection of obstacles in the vehicle environment.
  • Further, the control unit 7 with a tilt sensor 23 connected, which measures the vehicle inclination. Depending on the vehicle inclination corresponding counterforces act when the vehicle door is open, if the door is to open with rising slope, or additional forces, if the door is to open with sloping slope. Depending on the inclination are doing by the second motor unit 12 such forces exerted on the vehicles when opening, that the forces to be applied in a preferred embodiment behave similarly, as in a ground-level parked vehicle. In particular, it is provided that with an open vehicle door and a corresponding inclination of the vehicle, the door in the open state by the first motor unit 11 is locked. As a result, an accidental closing or unfolding of the vehicle door can be prevented. Instead of a tilt sensor and electronic approach aids on the mountain, the electro-hydraulic brake or a vehicle dynamics control can be evaluated to determine an inclined position of the vehicle.
  • Further, the control unit 7 with a vehicle bus 24 connected. About the vehicle bus 24 For example, it is possible to query whether the vehicle is moving or whether the engine is running. In this case, the vehicle door 1 when it is closed, be locked in the closed state. This ensures the function of a child safety device. The door can only be opened from the outside in this case.
  • Further, the control unit 7 with an alarm system 25 connected to the vehicle. Is the alarm system 25 activated, it is an opening of the vehicle door during activation of the alarm system 25 undesirable. Therefore, the first motor unit is preferred 11 for locking the vehicle door 1 activated. Likewise, the control unit 7 with a central locking 26 connected to the vehicle, wherein at a locking of the vehicle doors with Central locking 26 also an additional lock by means of the first motor unit 11 he follows.
  • Becomes from the sensors, a state that affects an opening of the Vehicle door or even led to a locking of the vehicle door, no longer detected, so the lock is automatically canceled. If necessary, can in the vehicle also an operating element for deactivation or activation be provided of the locking device.
  • Should be reported by several sensors at the same time data, according to which a higher resistance for opening and / or closing the vehicle door 1 , So braking a door movement, is required, so the highest resistance is always set, which results from the individual data of the multiple sensors each. If, for example, the vehicle is positioned on a slope such that the motor units should assist the door movement, even if it is opened, but an obstacle is detected in the opening area of the door, the resistance to open the vehicle door is offset to the detected obstacle. The opening of the door is therefore made correspondingly difficult. Priority always has the protection against a possible collision.
  • Next the application for vehicle doors on the side surfaces a motor vehicle, a locking device according to the invention also for tailgates, Side flaps or covers are used by vehicle openings.

Claims (10)

  1. Locking device for a vehicle door ( 1 ) with at least one sensor ( 8th . 9 ) for monitoring a vehicle environment, a vehicle state or a door space of the vehicle door ( 1 ), characterized in that the locking device ( 7 . 11 . 12 ) on the vehicle door ( 1 ) acts that a resistance for opening and / or closing the vehicle door ( 1 ) in dependence on the data of the at least one sensor ( 8th . 9 ) is selected.
  2. Locking device according to the preamble of claim 1, characterized in that the locking device ( 7 . 11 . 12 ) the vehicle door ( 1 ) in its current opening position as a function of a measurement result of the at least one sensor ( 8th . 9 ) arrested.
  3. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a closing of the vehicle door ( 1 ) is braked or prevented when, with an open vehicle door ( 1 ) an obstacle in the door space, in particular in the door rebate is detected.
  4. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the vehicle door ( 1 ) is locked in a closed state when a vehicle movement and / or a running of a vehicle engine is detected.
  5. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the vehicle door ( 1 ) is locked in a closed state when an alarm system ( 25 ) of the vehicle is activated.
  6. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by a on the vehicle door ( 1 ) arranged control element ( 5 ) for lifting one of the locking device ( 7 . 11 . 12 ) obtained locking the vehicle door or braking movement of the vehicle door ( 1 ).
  7. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, that a resistance for opening and / or closing the vehicle door ( 1 ) is lowered and / or a locking of the vehicle door ( 1 ) is canceled when an accident of the vehicle is detected.
  8. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the resistance for opening and / or closing the vehicle door ( 1 ) is influenced in an inclined vehicle such that in each case an opening and / or closing the vehicle door ( 1 ) in the inclined vehicle opening and / or closing the vehicle door ( 1 ) corresponds to a non-inclined vehicle.
  9. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by a tilt sensor ( 23 ) for detecting a vehicle inclination for influencing the resistance of opening and / or closing the vehicle door ( 1 ).
  10. Locking device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by an electromechanical, electropneumatic or electrohydraulic control element ( 11 . 12 ) for influencing the resistance of opening and / or closing the vehicle door ( 1 ).
DE10331466A 2003-07-11 2003-07-11 Locking device Withdrawn DE10331466A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10331466A DE10331466A1 (en) 2003-07-11 2003-07-11 Locking device

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10331466A DE10331466A1 (en) 2003-07-11 2003-07-11 Locking device
PCT/EP2004/050934 WO2005008007A1 (en) 2003-07-11 2004-05-26 Locking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE10331466A1 true DE10331466A1 (en) 2005-02-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE10331466A Withdrawn DE10331466A1 (en) 2003-07-11 2003-07-11 Locking device

Country Status (2)

Country Link
DE (1) DE10331466A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2005008007A1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102007035000A1 (en) 2007-07-26 2009-02-05 Audi Ag Method e.g. for powering vehicle's door, involves powering vehicle's door or wing, with current vehicle inclination to move vehicle specification which is identified and evaluated
US7761209B2 (en) 2007-05-21 2010-07-20 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Obstruction detection device for vehicle door and method
DE102009041498A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-24 Brose Fahrzeugteile Gmbh & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft, Coburg Locking device for locking a motor vehicle part
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US7761209B2 (en) 2007-05-21 2010-07-20 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Obstruction detection device for vehicle door and method
DE102008023786B4 (en) * 2007-05-21 2017-02-09 GM Global Technology Operations LLC (n. d. Ges. d. Staates Delaware) Obstacle detection device for vehicle door
DE102007035000A1 (en) 2007-07-26 2009-02-05 Audi Ag Method e.g. for powering vehicle's door, involves powering vehicle's door or wing, with current vehicle inclination to move vehicle specification which is identified and evaluated
DE102007035000B4 (en) * 2007-07-26 2010-07-29 Audi Ag Method and device for driving a vehicle wing
DE102008053087B4 (en) * 2007-10-26 2015-10-22 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo K.K. Door opening limiter
US8480155B2 (en) 2009-09-14 2013-07-09 Brose Fahrzeugteile Gmbh & Co. Kg, Coburg Locking device for locking a motor vehicle part
DE102009041499A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-24 Brose Fahrzeugteile Gmbh & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft, Coburg Locking device for locking a motor vehicle part
DE102009041498A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-24 Brose Fahrzeugteile Gmbh & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft, Coburg Locking device for locking a motor vehicle part
DE102012024931A1 (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-06-26 GM Global Technology Operations LLC (n. d. Ges. d. Staates Delaware) Tailgate system for motor car, has tailgate provided with spacing sensor system by which distance to obstacle is determined for detecting swiveling range of tailgate, which is supported at motor car
DE102015000531A1 (en) 2015-01-15 2016-07-21 Audi Ag Method for operating a door latch and door latch
DE102015000531B4 (en) 2015-01-15 2018-08-16 Audi Ag Method for operating a door latch and door latch
DE102016203791A1 (en) * 2016-03-09 2017-09-14 Stabilus Gmbh Door system and door opening device
DE102017207462A1 (en) * 2017-05-04 2018-11-08 Audi Ag Method of operating a motor vehicle, as well as motor vehicles
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