DE102015214793A1 - Operating device for a motor-adjustable side door of a vehicle - Google Patents

Operating device for a motor-adjustable side door of a vehicle

Info

Publication number
DE102015214793A1
DE102015214793A1 DE102015214793.2A DE102015214793A DE102015214793A1 DE 102015214793 A1 DE102015214793 A1 DE 102015214793A1 DE 102015214793 A DE102015214793 A DE 102015214793A DE 102015214793 A1 DE102015214793 A1 DE 102015214793A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
operating
door
vehicle
detection unit
boundary condition
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
DE102015214793.2A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Johannes Schulz
Thomas Weingärtner
Wolfgang Übel
Christian Herrmann
Sebastian Hermeling
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Brose Fahrzeugteile SE and Co KG
Original Assignee
Brose Fahrzeugteile SE and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Brose Fahrzeugteile SE and Co KG filed Critical Brose Fahrzeugteile SE and Co KG
Priority to DE102015214793.2A priority Critical patent/DE102015214793A1/en
Publication of DE102015214793A1 publication Critical patent/DE102015214793A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/10Electronic control
    • E05Y2400/44Sensors therefore
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/10Electronic control
    • E05Y2400/44Sensors therefore
    • E05Y2400/445Switches
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/80User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/85User input means
    • E05Y2400/852Sensors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/80User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/85User input means
    • E05Y2400/852Sensors
    • E05Y2400/854Switches
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/80User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/85User input means
    • E05Y2400/852Sensors
    • E05Y2400/856Actuation thereof
    • E05Y2400/858Actuation thereof by body parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors

Abstract

An operating device (10) for a motor-adjustable side door (2) of a vehicle (1) is specified. The operating device (10) is associated with a first detection unit (12), which is adapted to detect an actuating operation (B) of a vehicle user triggering an adjustment process of the side door (2). In addition, the operating device (10) is associated with a further detection unit (16), which is adapted to detect an additional boundary condition (R). A control unit (20) of the operating device (10) is configured to - variably cause the adjusting process triggered by the first detecting unit (12) in dependence on the additional boundary condition (R), or - the adjusting operation triggered by the first detecting unit (12) depending on the additional boundary condition (R) to activate or deactivate.

Description

  • The invention relates to an operating device for a motor-adjustable side door of a vehicle, in particular a motor vehicle. The invention further relates to a vehicle which comprises a motor-adjustable side door and an operating device associated therewith.
  • Modern motor vehicles are sometimes equipped with motorized side doors. For automatically adjusting the side door, i. For opening or closing the side door, an operating device is typically used, which comprises a control element for triggering an adjustment process by the vehicle user. The operating element is operatively connected to a control unit which, in response to a signal from the operating element, drives an adjusting drive to a method of the side door which corresponds to the desired operation.
  • Conventionally, such operating devices are usually provided for side sliding doors. Increasingly, however, also pivotable side doors by means of an operating device can be actuated by a motor.
  • The invention has for its object to provide an improved operating device for a motorized side door of a vehicle.
  • With regard to an operating device, this object is achieved according to the invention by the features of claim 1. With regard to a vehicle comprising the operating device, the object is achieved by the features of claim. Advantageous embodiments of the invention that are in part inventive in themselves and developments of the invention are disclosed in set out in the subclaims and the description below.
  • The operating device according to the invention is provided for a motor-adjustable side door of a vehicle. The side door is preferably a pivotable side door, although in the context of the invention the operating device can alternatively also be used for a side sliding door. The operating device is associated with a first detection unit, which is adapted to detect an operation command of a vehicle user, which is intended to effect an adjustment operation of the side door. The term "adjustment" refers to a complete or partial opening or closing the side door.
  • According to the invention, the operating device is also assigned a second detection unit which is set up to detect (at least) one additional boundary condition. The fulfillment or non-fulfillment of this additional boundary condition hereby makes the triggering of the adjustment process dependent in the manner described below. The term "additional" or "further" boundary condition is intended to clarify that this boundary condition is optionally present in addition to the signal or event representing the actuation command (also referred to as "operating condition") and is different from the latter. The additional boundary condition can be given in the context of the invention by a binary signal or event and thus either only completely fulfilled or completely not fulfilled. In the context of the invention, however, the additional boundary condition may also be a signal or event which is variable continuously or in several steps, so that in this case the boundary condition may also be more or less fulfilled or not fulfilled.
  • Both the first detection unit and the second detection unit are signal technically in communication with a control unit. In a first variant of the invention, this control unit is designed and set up to cause the adjustment process, which is signaled by the actuation command, to be effected differently (ie variably) as a function of the fulfillment or non-fulfillment of the additional boundary condition upon detection of the confirmation command. In a second variant of the invention, the control unit is designed and set up to trigger or not trigger the corresponding adjustment process as a function of the fulfillment or non-fulfillment of the additional boundary condition upon detection of the confirmation command. According to the first variant of the invention, the control unit thus triggers the corresponding adjustment process in any case and only makes the manner of execution of the adjustment process dependent on the additional boundary condition. For example, while a Türverstellgeschwindigkeit or Türverstellweite is set differently depending on the additional boundary condition. On the other hand, according to the second variant of the invention, the control unit fundamentally decides, on the basis of the additional boundary condition, whether it is carrying out the adjusting operation corresponding to the actuating command, or if it does not carry out the adjusting operation and thus ignores the actuating command. In this case, the adjustment operation is executed (or alternatively inhibited) only upon satisfaction of the additional constraint, while omitting (or executing) the adjustment operation if the constraint is not satisfied.
  • The control unit is formed, in particular, by a microcontroller with a control software that is installed in an executable manner. The signal transmission between the control unit and the Detection units or the drive is optionally conducted or wireless. It also combinations are possible.
  • The inventive detection and assessment of the further boundary condition enables a particularly user-friendly operation by means of the operating device. In particular, an unintentional false triggering of the adjustment process is advantageously prevented by the query of the further boundary condition advantageously. Due to the simultaneous monitoring of several different conditions (namely the "operating condition" and the at least one additional boundary condition), the operating device according to the invention is also particularly advantageous for realizing an intuitive operation.
  • In principle, the first and / or the second detection unit can each be formed by a dedicated component of the operating device, that is to say by a component which is used exclusively in the context of the operating device. The first detection unit is formed in this case, for example, by a conventional control element, such as a button, a non-contact proximity switch, a radio remote control or the like.
  • In the context of the invention, however, it is also possible that the - the actual actuation command triggering - first detection unit is formed by a component, in particular substantially by a sensor which is originally not provided in its basic function to trigger an adjustment of a side door. The second detection unit is preferably synergistically embodied by one or more sensors typically provided in a vehicle anyway.
  • In a preferred embodiment, for example, the first detection unit comprises a buckle sensor for detecting the closed state of a belt buckle associated with the side door. In this case, the release of the associated belt (securing the vehicle user while driving) causes the side door to be opened, while closing the associated belt causes the side door to close. As an additional boundary condition, in a preferred embodiment, a seat occupancy status of the assigned vehicle seat, a specific body movement of the vehicle user, in particular an upper body rotation or a specific state of the vehicle ignition lock is checked.
  • On the other hand, such a buckle sensor in the invention may also be part of the second detection unit for monitoring the further boundary condition. In this case, the operation command is preferably triggered, conversely to the above description, by a signal of a seat occupancy sensor, a specific body movement of the vehicle user or a position signal of a vehicle ignition lock. Preferably, the adjustment process is basically authorized or blocked based on the signal of the buckle sensor.
  • In a further variant, the first detection unit is combined with the vehicle ignition lock, so that the insertion of the associated ignition key or the turning of the ignition key in a certain first key position causes a door closing, while removing the ignition key or turning into a certain second key position Door opening causes. In an alternative to this, the second detection unit is configured to detect the closed state of the vehicle ignition lock as a further boundary condition. For this purpose, the first detection unit or the second detection unit respectively comprises an ignition lock sensor.
  • Additionally or alternatively, the first detection unit or the second detection unit comprises a seat occupancy sensor that detects a seat occupancy status of a vehicle seat associated with the side door. The signal of the seat occupancy sensor includes either the actuation command or the additional boundary condition. In the latter case, for example, it is provided that only those side doors are opened in response to a central door opening signal, in which the assigned vehicle seat is recognized as being occupied by the control unit.
  • To realize a user-friendly operation of the side door in a preferred combination of the above individual features, the control unit is particularly adapted to cause the associated side door to close in response to the simultaneous fulfillment of the two conditions "seat is occupied" and "belt is closed". Analog acts - at least for the driver's seat - the combination "seat is occupied" and "key is infected" or "ignition key is in ignition position" also as closing command for the (driver) side door. In another preferred combination, the fulfillment of the conditions "belt is closed" and "ignition key is stuck" triggers the door to close. In response to pulling the ignition key and releasing the belt, the side door is automatically opened.
  • In a preferred variant, the body movement of a vehicle user located in the vehicle is checked to see whether the vehicle user by turning the upper body in Direction of the vehicle door signals an exit request. The control unit in this case is arranged to cause the side door to open in response to a particular signal from the other detection unit in combination with the aforementioned body rotation. In particular, the respective other detection unit as mentioned above is integrated in a buckle, so that intuitively by opening the belt in combination with the body rotation described above, a door opening request is displayed and triggered.
  • Additionally or alternatively, within the scope of the invention, the body movement of the vehicle user is analyzed for a specific hand, finger, arm or head movement. To detect the body movement, the respective detection unit comprises, in particular, a camera with associated image evaluation software.
  • Preferably, each side door, in addition to the first detection unit for triggering an adjustment process, is fitted with another operating element, in particular a conventional one, so that each side door can also be actuated in a conventional manner. In this case, a separate control element and / or a central control element - for actuation by the vehicle driver - may be provided for each side door.
  • In an embodiment which is advantageous with regard to personal safety, the second detection unit is set up to detect a vehicle speed as an additional boundary condition. The control unit is in particular set up to check the vehicle speed, and to control an adjustment drive associated with the side door only when the vehicle is stationary to move the side door. If and as long as the control unit determines that the vehicle is traveling, the adjustment process is suppressed, even in response to an actuating signal emanating from the first detection unit.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the second detection unit is configured to detect a precipitation condition (i.e., rain or drought) as an additional constraint. For this purpose, the second detection unit comprises in particular a rain sensor. The control unit is in this case preferably adapted to set a door opening width and / or a door adjustment speed depending on the precipitation state (variable), wherein in particular the door adjustment speed is increased in case of rain against dryness, and / or reduces the door opening width in case of rain against dryness is.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the detection unit is configured to determine the location of the vehicle, wherein the control unit is configured to variably set the door opening width as a function of the location of the vehicle. Advantageously, in this embodiment, the maximum opening width of the side door is variably adaptable to the respective environment of the vehicle. For example, the maximum opening width is reduced when the vehicle is in a garage.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the detection unit is set up to determine the location of the vehicle, wherein the control unit is configured to variably set the position of the end position as a function of the location of the vehicle. Advantageously, in this embodiment, the maximum opening width of the side door is variably adaptable to the respective environment of the vehicle. For example, the maximum opening width is reduced when the vehicle is in a garage.
  • In a further development of the invention, the operating device is assigned an information display unit which is set up to output information about the further boundary condition to the vehicle user. In particular, in the case of an authorization function of the vehicle user is advantageously possibly pointed to an automatic deactivation of the adjustment, so that he does not erroneously on a malfunction of the operating device closes, if the side door is not adjusted despite his operating command.
  • Additionally or alternatively, the operating device is associated with a warning display unit, which is set up to output a haptic, visual or audible perceptible signal during the adjustment process, which serves the vehicle user in particular as a warning.
  • If the first detection unit comprises an operating element for triggering an actuating command, in one embodiment this is formed as a mechanical and / or electronic component to be actuated by (physical) contact, in particular by
    • - one or more buttons
    • - A rotary switch with different locking points for predefined opening angle
    • A potentiometer, in particular in combination with a pushbutton or pressure switch,
    • An incremental encoder, again in particular in combination with a push-button or a pressure switch,
    • - a door inside or outside door handle,
    • - a locking or unlocking button,
    • - a touch screen,
    • - a touchpad, or
    • - a slider.
  • Alternatively, the operating element is to be operated without contact, wherein the operating element is realized in particular essentially by a capacitive proximity switch or by a digital camera.
  • The operating element is fastened on or in the vehicle in one embodiment. However, it is also possible that the operating element is designed as a portable operating element, so that the vehicle user can advantageously carry the operating element with him. In this case, the operating element is realized in particular by:
    • - a radio remote control,
    • - a mobile device ("smartphone"),
    • - a "smart watch" or
    • - a "tablet".
  • Any combinations of the individual embodiments are possible. In particular, a plurality of different operating elements are used for one and the same side door, for example, one which is arranged in the vehicle interior, and one which can lead the vehicle user to operate from outside the vehicle with it.
  • The operating device is preferably used for a side door of a vehicle, preferably for a pivotable side door of a vehicle, in particular a motor vehicle.
  • Embodiments of the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to a drawing. Show:
  • 1 in a roughly schematic plan view of a motor vehicle with four side doors, each of which can be moved by motor in a pivoting movement between a closed position and an open position, wherein an operating device according to the invention is shown by way of example for one of the side doors,
  • 2 the vehicle according to 1 wherein the operating device comprises a control element, which is used both for detecting an actuation command as well as for detecting an additional boundary condition, and
  • 3 the vehicle according to 1 , wherein the operating device are associated with two different display units.
  • Corresponding parts and sizes are always provided with the same reference numerals in all figures.
  • 1 shows a (power) vehicle 1 , which is shown with a view towards the vehicle roof. The vehicle 1 includes four (side) doors for the entry and exit of people 2 namely, two front side doors, and two rear side doors. Each of the side doors 2 is pivotally mounted relative to a fixed door frame by means of a hinge on an edge (respectively with respect to the vehicle).
  • Each of the side doors 2 is by means of a drive 5 movable between a closed position and an open position shown here. For a vehicle user to initiate an automatic procedure of the side doors, each of the side doors 2 an operating device 10 assigned.
  • As an example, only the operating device is here 10 for one of the front side doors 2 (here the front passenger door) shown in more detail. In the following, different embodiments of the operating device 10 explained with this illustration. The operating device 10 is a first registration unit 12 assigned with the help of which a vehicle user an operation command or adjustment command for the side door 2 can generate. For this purpose the registration unit comprises 12 a schematically illustrated operating element 14 ,
  • The operating device 10 is also a second detection unit 16 associated, in one embodiment, a rain sensor for detecting the present weather. In this embodiment, the weather condition is thus to be seen as a "further boundary condition". The operating device 10 includes a control unit 20 , on the one hand with the operating element 14 and the detection unit 16 , as well as with the drive 5 is technically connected.
  • The operating element 14 is configured to send an actuation signal to the control unit 20 issue. In this case, the actuation signal contains information about the actuation request or actuation command B of a vehicle user displayed by means of the control element. An example is the operating element 14 designed as a rotatable rotary switch. A first rotational position (in which a pointer of the rotary switch in switch position 22 stands) causes a closing operation of the side door, while a second rotational position (switch position 24 ) an opening operation of the side door 2 causes. In the case shown here, the side door 2 be opened or closed by means of an automatic run, wherein the opening or closing operation by appropriate switching of the rotary switch is triggered.
  • On the other hand, the detection unit gives 16 a detection signal to the control unit 20 from, wherein the detection signal includes information about a further boundary condition R, here specifically information about whether it is raining or not.
  • Detects the control unit 20 due to an actuation of the operating element 14 Based on the actuation signal an actuation command B, it gives taking into account the boundary condition R by means of a control signal an adjustment X to the drive 5 out. Here is the control unit 20 in the present case set to drive in the rain 5 to head to the side door 2 with a higher compared to a dry weather adjustment speed. Optionally, the control unit provides 20 also the opening width of the side door 2 depending on the boundary condition R variable. For example, the opening width in the case of rain - software-based - is limited to an opening angle of maximum 30 °, while the side door 2 is fully opened in dryness (corresponding to an opening angle of about 50 ° to 60 ° mechanically predetermined by a stop).
  • Further embodiments of the first detection unit 12 :
  • The first registration unit 12 can as described above a control 14 include. Here is the control 14 formed in different embodiments by a button, a slide switch or as described above by a rotary switch.
  • In a further embodiment, the operating element 14 formed by a radio remote control, which is integrated in particular in an ignition key.
  • The operating element 14 can also be formed by a gesture sensor for detecting a specific for displaying an operating desire hand, arm, head, foot, finger or body movement. The gesture sensor is realized for example by a capacitive proximity sensor with a suitable arrangement of sensor electrodes. Alternatively, the gesture sensor is formed by a digital camera with an attached image analysis software. In a further variant, the operating element 14 integrated into a mobile device ("smartphone") or another portable electronic device, such as a tablet or a "smart watch".
  • In one embodiment, the operating element 14 realized by a microphone, so that an adjustment command can be triggered by voice control.
  • In a variant of the invention, the operating element 14 in a Ver / or. Release button of the vehicle 1 integrated, which in its basic function to Ver- resp. Unlocking the assigned side door 2 serves. In this embodiment, by pressing the Ver / or. Unlock button an adjusting the side door 2 triggered.
  • Additionally or alternatively, the operating element 14 integrated into a door handle or in an outside door handle, so that an automatic adjustment is triggered by pressing the door handle.
  • In addition or alternatively, the operating element 14 coupled to a brake pedal, so that the actuation of the brake pedal a closing operation of the side door 2 triggers.
  • In one embodiment, the operating element 14 on a front side 30 the side door 2 arranged. Here is the control 14 Optionally designed as a mechanical push-button or as a non-contact proximity switch.
  • In a further embodiment, the operating element 14 near one of the side door 2 associated belt buckle arranged. In particular, the operating element 14 integrated into the buckle, so that the closing or loosening of the belt itself triggers a Verstellbefehl. Optional is the control 14 integrated into an ignition, so that - at least for the driver side door - a closing command is triggered by either the associated ignition key is inserted into the ignition, or the ignition key in a certain key position (for example, "ignition on") is rotated. Similarly, either removing the ignition key or turning it to a specific key position (for example, "ignition off") will cause the (driver) side door to open.
  • The operating element 14 However, it can also be used elsewhere in the interior of the vehicle 1 , for example, on the side door 2 itself or in a center console of the vehicle 1 be arranged. In one embodiment of the invention, the operating element 14 for the side door 2 (or for the driver side door, or for each side door) at or near a tailgate of the vehicle 1 arranged so that when you close the trunk already opening the respective side door 2 can be initiated.
  • In further embodiments of the invention, the first detection unit comprises 12 for triggering an actuation signal a seat occupancy sensor, so that the seat occupancy status is understood here as (first) operating condition. The seat occupancy sensor closes, for example, on the occupancy status of the seat based on the signal of a pressure sensor located below the seat. If the seat occupancy status changes from "free" to "occupied", this is done by the control unit 20 detected as an operation command B for closing the side door. However, the resulting adjustment command X is output only taking into account the further boundary condition R, for example only after the ignition key is inserted.
  • Additionally or alternatively, the first detection unit comprises 12 for triggering an operation command B, a motion sensor for the side door 2 , The motion sensor responds to a "nudge" of the side door 2 , whereby by this poking a closing operation of the side door 2 is triggered ("push to close").
  • Further embodiments of the second detection unit 16 :
  • In one embodiment, the second detection unit is 16 adapted to detect a vehicle speed. The control unit 20 In this case, a detection signal is supplied which includes information about the vehicle speed as boundary condition R. Here is the control unit 20 set up, only when the vehicle is stationary when operating the control element 14 an opening or closing operation of the side door 2 to induce.
  • In an alternative embodiment, instead of the direct detection of the vehicle speed, recourse is made to the engine speed of the vehicle drive motor, from which a vehicle standstill can be indirectly derived. For example, the actuation command B is accepted only at a rotational speed corresponding to the idling speed of the vehicle drive motor.
  • Additionally or alternatively, the detection unit comprises 16 a sensor which is adapted to check a "blind spot" (ie, a non-visible area by the vehicle user) for the presence of an object, in particular a person (eg cyclists), wherein the adjustment process (mainly the opening operation) is not performed when the presence of an obstacle in the blind spot is detected.
  • In a further embodiment, the detection unit 16 set up a location of the vehicle 1 to determine, in which case the opening width of the side door 2 depending on the location is set. Here is the registration unit 16 For this purpose, the location of the vehicle is set up by means of GPS ("Global Positioning System") 1 to determine, with the control unit 20 the opening width of the side door 2 to the environment of the vehicle 1 adapts. Is the vehicle located 1 For example, in a (low) garage or on a car park, the opening width is reduced to a certain level (again, for example, about 30 °) to a risk of collision of the side door 2 to reduce with another vehicle or a garage wall. For this purpose, the detection unit 16 (or the control unit 20 ) an environment information associated with the determined location is provided in advance, or the detection unit 16 (or the control unit 20 ) is adapted to obtain this environment information - for example via the Internet.
  • In a further embodiment, the second detection unit comprises 16 a camera, the detection unit 16 (or the control unit 20 ) is adapted to identify a person as a vehicle user by means of a face recognition algorithm and comparison with stored image data. An opening command (and unlock command) will in this case be triggered only upon detection of an authorized vehicle user.
  • Furthermore, the second detection unit 16 generally the same sensors as the first detection unit 12 in which case the actuating command B is in each case based on one of the sensor signals of the second detection unit 16 different signal is triggered. In particular, the second detection unit 16 analogous to the first detection unit 12 a seat occupancy sensor, a buckle sensor, an ignition lock sensor or a motion sensor.
  • In 2 an embodiment of the operating device is shown, in which the first detection unit 12 and the second detection unit 16 through one and the same control element 14 are embodied. In this case, the control is 14 configured to specify a certain travel interval as boundary condition R, around which the side door 2 is moved. For this purpose, the rotary switch has several locking positions. Each locking position corresponds to a certain intermediate position of the side door 2 in which the side door 2 partially open (or partially closed). As an example, here is a single detent position (switch position 35 ). Will the rotary switch on the switch position 35 put, controls the control unit 20 the drive 5 to, the side door 2 to move in the position shown in dashed lines, which corresponds here approximately in comparison to the fully open door of half the opening width.
  • Alternatively, the control element may comprise different buttons, each button having a specific adjustment or opening width of the side door 2 equivalent.
  • In another embodiment, the operating element 14 essentially realized by a potentiometer for realizing the function described above. In this case, the adjustment width of the side door 2 adjusted by adjusting the potentiometer (as boundary condition R). Optionally, the potentiometer is combined with a pressure switch, wherein the actual actuation command B is triggered by means of the pressure switch.
  • Again alternatively, the operating element comprises 14 an incremental encoder. As a further boundary condition R, for example (in addition to the opening angle), the adjustment speed can be specified by the speed with which the incremental encoder is actuated.
  • In the 3 illustrated embodiment of the operating device 10 is essentially analogous to those based on 1 explained embodiments, but is the operating device 14 Here also an (information) display unit 40 assigned. By means of this display unit 40 the vehicle user information about the means of the detection unit 16 determined boundary condition R is displayed. The display unit 40 is with the control 14 linked, ie arranged either in the immediate vicinity or, as shown here, as a light source in the control 14 integrated. By way of example, the output of the information I by means of the display unit 40 realized by a different color LED lighting, with a red lighting indicates a deactivation of the operating command B, while a green lighting symbolizes a release of the operating command B. Optionally, a further, for example, yellow illumination may indicate a waiting state, for example if the deactivation of the adjustment command takes place only temporarily due to a collision risk (eg in the blind spot, see above) detected by means of a collision protection sensor.
  • Alternatively, the display unit 40 as a screen ("display"), which information may be presented graphically or in words.
  • In a further embodiment, the operating device 10 a (warning) display unit 42 assigned, which is adapted to output during the adjustment process a (warning) signal W to the vehicle user, which serves as a feedback to the vehicle user about the adjustment process taking place.
  • Further embodiments of the display unit 42 :
  • The display unit 42 is realized, for example, by an acoustic signal generator ("beeper"), which during the opening or closing of the side door 2 emits an acoustic signal (beeping).
  • Optional is the display unit 42 configured to output a haptic perceptible feedback, for example, vibrates the mobile device of the vehicle user or the radio remote control of the vehicle user. This embodiment is provided in particular when the operating element 14 realized by this radio remote control or the mobile device.
  • To output a visually perceptible feedback is the display unit 42 for example, by the direction indicators of the vehicle 1 formed, the control unit 20 is set up to cause the direction indicators to flash or be permanently lit during the adjustment procedure.
  • In a further embodiment, when adjusting the side door 2 an arranged on the associated door sill lighting device ("puddle light") automatically activated so that the driver when getting the environment of the vehicle door (puddle) can recognize.
  • Additionally or alternatively, a vehicle interior lighting ("ambient light inside") automatically switched on during the adjustment of the side door. Also, this lighting is primarily the illumination of the environment and secondary as a warning.
  • Examples of operations by means of the operating device 10 realized are:
  • Regarding the operating element 14 is provided (regardless of its embodiment) in one embodiment that the side door 2 each time as long as the operating element 14 is pressed or until the side door 2 has arrived in their respective final position.
  • In one variant, the vehicle user can adjust the adjustment speed and / or the opening width of the side door 2 pretend that he is the operating element 14 operated at a certain speed and / or over a certain adjustment. That is, the door opening width of the side door 2 corresponds (for example proportionally) with the adjustment of the control 14 , Additionally or alternatively, the vehicle user may adjust the door sweep speed by the tempo with which he controls the door 14 operated, pretend.
  • In one embodiment, the operation command B is only at standstill of the vehicle 1 activated.
  • In one embodiment, the vehicle user may enter the side door by a particular finger gesture - detected by a camera 2 to control the adjustment. Optionally, by means of an (alternative) finger gesture, the window of the side door 2 be opened or closed.
  • A rain sensor directly or indirectly controls the door opening width and / or door adjustment speed.
  • If the vehicle user leads a rotation of his upper body to the side door 2 off, so this is recognized as an exit request, and opening the side door 2 causes.
  • The combination of the conditions "vehicle seat is occupied" and associated "belt buckle is closed" causes the associated side door to close 2 ,
  • The combination of the conditions "vehicle seat is occupied" and "ignition key is inserted" or "ignition is on" causes closing of the side door associated with the vehicle seat 2 ,
  • In response to removing the vehicle user from the vehicle 1 is a closing - and / or locking - the side door 2 or all side doors 2 triggered.
  • The vehicle driver can - in the sense of a child safety lock - the operation of all side doors 2 activate or deactivate centrally.
  • A mobile device of the vehicle user ("mobile phone", "smart watch") detects the position of the vehicle user, and generates when approaching the vehicle 1 an opening command of the side door 2 , especially the driver side door.
  • The closing of the trunk and a movement of the vehicle user in the direction of the side door 2 cause an opening command for the side door 2 , especially for the driver's side door.
  • Optionally, the operating device 10 associated with a collision and / or anti-trap, so that an adjustment at a detected collision or Einklemmgefahr by the control unit 20 or stopped, slowed or reversed by a separate control unit.
  • The object of the invention is not limited to the embodiments described above. Rather, other embodiments of the invention may be derived by those skilled in the art from the foregoing description. In particular, the described individual features of the invention and their design variants can be combined with each other in other ways.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
    (Force) Vehicle
    2
    side door
    5
    drive
    10
    operating device
    12
    acquisition unit
    14
    operating element
    16
    acquisition unit
    20
    control unit
    22
    switch position
    24
    switch position
    30
    front
    35
    switch position
    40
    (Information) display unit
    42
    (Warning) display unit
    B
    operation command
    I
    information
    R
    boundary condition
    W
     (Warning) signal
    X
    adjustment command

Claims (13)

  1. Operating device ( 10 ) for a motorized adjustable side door ( 2 ) of a vehicle ( 1 ), wherein the operating device ( 10 ) a first registration unit ( 12 ) is arranged, which is adapted to an actuating command (B) for an adjustment process for motorized adjustment of the side door ( 2 ), wherein the operating device ( 10 ) a second detection unit ( 16 assigned to detect an additional boundary condition (R), and wherein the operating device ( 10 ) a control unit ( 20 ), which is set up to trigger the adjustment process in response to the fulfillment or non-fulfillment of the additional boundary condition (R) in a different manner when the actuation command (B) is detected, or - the adjustment process depending on the fulfillment or non-fulfillment the additional boundary condition (R) to trigger or not to trigger.
  2. Operating device ( 10 ) according to claim 1, wherein the first detection unit ( 12 ) or the second detection unit ( 16 ) a buckle sensor for detecting a closed state of the side door ( 2 ) includes associated buckle, and wherein a signal of the buckle sensor is used as an actuating command (B) or as an additional boundary condition (R).
  3. Operating device ( 10 ) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first detection unit ( 12 ) or the second detection unit ( 16 ) comprises an ignition lock sensor for detecting a state of a vehicle ignition lock, and wherein a signal of the ignition lock sensor is used as an actuating command (B) or as an additional boundary condition (R).
  4. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first detection unit ( 12 ) or the second detection unit ( 16 ) a seat occupancy sensor for detecting a seat occupancy status of the side door ( 2 ), and wherein a signal of the seat occupancy sensor is used as an actuation command (B) or as an additional boundary condition (R).
  5. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the first detection unit ( 12 ) or the second detection unit ( 16 ) is adapted to detect a particular movement pattern of a vehicle user - as an operation command (B) or as an additional boundary condition (R) -.
  6. Operating device ( 10 ) according to claim 5, wherein the movement pattern comprises a certain body movement of the vehicle user, in particular a rotation of the upper body, or a specific hand, finger, arm, leg or head movement.
  7. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the second detection unit ( 16 ) is adapted to detect the vehicle speed as an additional boundary condition (R).
  8. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the second detection unit ( 16 ) is adapted to detect a precipitation condition as an additional boundary condition (R), and wherein the control unit ( 20 ) is adapted to set a door opening width and / or a door adjustment speed depending on the precipitation state.
  9. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the second detection unit ( 16 ) is adapted to a geographical location of the vehicle ( 1 ), and wherein the control unit ( 20 ) is adapted to a door opening width depending on the geographical location of the vehicle ( 1 ) variable.
  10. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the operating device ( 10 ) an information display unit ( 40 ), which is adapted to output information (I) about the additional boundary condition (R) to the vehicle user.
  11. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the operating device ( 10 ) a warning display unit ( 42 ), which is set up to output a haptic, visual or acoustically perceptible signal (W) during the adjustment process.
  12. Operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the first detection unit ( 12 ) an operating element ( 14 ), which - is designed as a contact-actuated mechanical and / or electronic control element, or - is designed as a non-contact operating element, and wherein the operating element ( 14 ) either in or on the vehicle ( 1 ) is fixed or portable.
  13. Vehicle ( 1 ) with a motor-adjustable side door ( 2 ), as well as with one of the side door ( 2 ) associated operating device ( 10 ) according to one of claims 1 to 12.
DE102015214793.2A 2015-08-03 2015-08-03 Operating device for a motor-adjustable side door of a vehicle Pending DE102015214793A1 (en)

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DE102015214793.2A DE102015214793A1 (en) 2015-08-03 2015-08-03 Operating device for a motor-adjustable side door of a vehicle
PCT/EP2016/067733 WO2017021203A1 (en) 2015-08-03 2016-07-26 Operating device for a motor-adjustable side door of a vehicle

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DE102007025517A1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2008-12-04 BROSE SCHLIEßSYSTEME GMBH & CO. KG Motor vehicle i.e. car, has controller initiating door closing process upon existence of user actions, which are not originally targeted at active initiation of closing process or are executed without active actuation of control unit
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