DE102014208521A1 - Logistics system, transfer station and method for transferring a platform between a vehicle and a warehouse - Google Patents

Logistics system, transfer station and method for transferring a platform between a vehicle and a warehouse Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102014208521A1
DE102014208521A1 DE102014208521.7A DE102014208521A DE102014208521A1 DE 102014208521 A1 DE102014208521 A1 DE 102014208521A1 DE 102014208521 A DE102014208521 A DE 102014208521A DE 102014208521 A1 DE102014208521 A1 DE 102014208521A1
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Germany
Prior art keywords
charge carrier
carrier
vehicle
logistics
empty
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DE102014208521.7A
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German (de)
Inventor
Anmelder Gleich
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Heinz Buse
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/04Loading land vehicles
    • B65G67/20Loading covered vehicles

Abstract

The invention relates to a logistics system (100) for transferring a load carrier (111, 111 ') between a vehicle (107), in particular a truck, and a bearing (101), having a load carrier (111, 111') which is substantially dimensioned having adapted to the dimensions of the loading surface (117) of the vehicle (107), a transfer station (109) for taking over or transferring the charge carrier (111, 111 ') from or to a vehicle (107) and / or for taking over or Transferring the charge carrier from or to a storage facility (101), wherein the transfer station (109) has a charge carrier receptacle (113) on which the charge carrier (111) comes into abutment, wherein the charge carrier between the vehicle (107) and the Carrier receptacle (113) and / or between the bearing (101) and the receptacle (113) is conveyed. According to the invention, it is proposed that the transfer station (109) has an intermediate storage unit (21) for temporary buffering of an empty charge carrier (111 ') and is set up, at least temporarily, one empty and one loaded charge carrier (111, 111') at different levels one above the other take.

Description

  • The invention relates to a logistics system for transferring a platform between a vehicle, in particular a truck, and a warehouse, having a platform which has dimensions which are adapted to the dimensions of the loading area of the vehicle, a transfer station for transferring or transferring the platform from to or to a vehicle and / or to take over or transfer the platform from or to a warehouse, wherein the transfer station has a charge carrier receptacle on which the platform comes to rest, the platform between the vehicle and the receptacle and / or between the camp and the recording is eligible. The invention further relates to a transfer station and a method for transferring a platform between a vehicle, in particular a truck and a warehouse of a logistics system.
  • Logistic systems are known which have a plurality of docking stations, also referred to as hall gates, for vehicles on which vehicles, such as, for example, lorries or semitrailer trucks, can usually drive up with their rear side. By means of the unloading openings corresponding to the docking stations on the rear sides of the loading areas of the vehicles, the goods transported by means of the vehicles are taken over by the logistics center or a goods delivery frequently reassembled in the logistics center is returned to a vehicle. Such logistics systems are part of existing logistics centers, which are present in large numbers in many places and on each of which a plurality of vehicles can be loaded or unloaded simultaneously via the docking stations. The docking stations are usually arranged side by side along a building wall, so that the vehicles corresponding to the docking stations are preferably lined up next to one another in front of the building wall. According to the number of docking stations on the logistics system, as many vehicles can dock in order to unload deliveries of goods or to receive deliveries of goods. Typically, the docking stations are usually arranged at the level of the loading area of the trucks, so that the loading area of the vehicle and the underground of the logistics system form a plane. This is based on the logistics system driving on the back of the vehicle with a floor conveyor, such as forklifts or the like, for the unloading and loading of the delivered or further transported with the vehicle goods possible. However, this type of unloading and loading is time-consuming, since with a forwarder typically used in the area of a logistics system, only a certain number of goods can be loaded simultaneously from or onto the loading area of the vehicle.
  • Logistics systems of the type described are among others EP 1 808 387 B1 known, which pursue the approach to take over palletized and / or individualized goods by means of a load carrier as a whole from a cargo area of a vehicle or handed over to this. The transfer of the load carriers, also referred to as goods platform, on which the palletized or separated goods are stacked, takes place by means of a movable transfer station of the logistics system. Incoming goods deliveries are taken over by the transfer station and then transferred to a warehouse, from which the goods located on the carrier may be stored occasionally. Accordingly, goods supplied in the warehouse are taken over by the transfer station and reloaded onto the loading area of the vehicle.
  • The known transfer stations, which are also known under the name Expresslifter, have a charge carrier receptacle on which a loaded or empty load carrier comes to rest, which is transferred between the vehicle and the warehouse. For example, in order to exchange an empty load carrier arranged on the loading area of a vehicle arriving at the logistics center with a loaded load carrier, it is necessary to previously take over the empty load carrier from the loading area of the vehicle by means of the load carrier receptacle of the transfer station and empty it into an empty shelf Picking place in the warehouse reload. After the charge carrier receptacle has been emptied, a load carrier with palletized or separated goods arranged thereupon can now be taken over by the warehouse. The transfer station is moved together with the loaded charge carriers located on the charge carrier receptacle to the corresponding docking station and then the loaded charge carrier is transferred to the loading area of the vehicle. Such unloading and loading of the vehicle is still associated with a high amount of time, whereby the vehicle has to spend a very long time at the docking station of the logistics center before the transshipment process is completed. This means unnecessary downtime for the vehicle to be unloaded and / or loaded.
  • The invention was thus based on the object of specifying a logistics system, a transfer station and a method for transferring a platform between a vehicle and a warehouse, by means of which the unloading and loading process in a shorter time is possible and thus the logistics system can be operated time-efficient.
  • The invention solves the underlying task in a logistics system of the type described in the fact that the transfer station has a temporary storage unit for temporary caching of an empty load carrier.
  • The invention is based on the finding that the reloading process on the vehicle can be advantageously shortened with the aid of an intermediate storage unit for the temporary temporary storage of an empty load carrier. Preferably, the transfer station is adapted to at least temporarily record an empty and a loaded charge carrier on different levels at the same time. With the help of the intermediate storage unit, therefore, an empty charge carrier located on the loading area of the vehicle can be taken over by the vehicle, although a loaded charge carrier is already located on the charge carrier receptacle of the transfer station. Therefore, a charge carrier arranged on the charge carrier receptacle and loaded with palletized and singulated goods may preferably be transferred to the vehicle immediately after the charge carrier receptacle has been aligned with the loading surface of the vehicle immediately after taking over the empty load carrier. A prior transfer of the empty load carrier to the warehouse before the loaded carrier is removed from the warehouse and passed on to the vehicle, which may be necessary traversing movements of the entire transfer station, can be avoided. The transshipment process on the vehicle can thus be significantly shortened, so that the downtime of the vehicles at the docking stations of the logistics center are reduced accordingly. The charge carrier receptacle for the loaded charge carrier and the temporary storage unit for temporary buffering of an empty charge carrier are preferably arranged at the transfer station in such a way that the empty and loaded charge carriers are accommodated at different times at different times on the transfer station at different times. The temporary storage unit serves as a receiving unit for the empty load carrier.
  • Under a transfer of a charge carrier between a vehicle and a warehouse in the present case, both the transfer of the charge carrier from the vehicle to the transfer station and the transfer of the charge carrier from the transfer station to understand the camp. Furthermore, the transfer of a load carrier between a vehicle and a warehouse also means the taking over of a load carrier from the transfer station from the warehouse and the transfer of the load carrier from the transfer station to the loading area of the vehicle.
  • Preferably, the intermediate storage unit is associated with a conveying device for moving the empty load carrier in the conveying direction. With the formation of the conveyor for the empty load carrier at the transfer station independent of the vehicle and the bearing movement of the carrier in almost any position in the warehouse or on or from a vehicle is possible. The conveying device, which is preferably formed separately at the transfer station, exclusively assumes the movement of the empty load carrier on the intermediate storage unit. In this case, the empty charge carriers can each be taken over by a vehicle or from the warehouse and / or handed over to the vehicle or the warehouse.
  • Preferably, the intermediate storage unit for the empty load carrier and / or the conveyor is arranged below the charge carrier receptacle for the loaded charge carrier. By placing the empty-load buffer storage unit below the "regular" load-carrier pickup with which both empty and loaded load carriers can be brought into abutment, a space-saving arrangement of empty and loaded load carriers is achieved simultaneously at the transfer station. The intermediate storage unit preferably arranged below the charge carrier receptacle preferably has a height dimension sufficient to receive an empty charge carrier above it. With such a transfer station according to the invention, both the regular charge carrier receptacle and the intermediate buffer unit arranged therebelow for temporary caching can continue to easily handle any position in the logistics system, e.g. every shelf in the warehouse, be approached.
  • A preferred embodiment of the logistics system according to the invention provides that the temporary storage unit is adapted to receive a plurality of charge carriers at the same time. Preferably, at least two empty charge carriers can be received via the intermediate storage unit, which are moved, for example, one after the other into the intermediate storage unit. In order to avoid unintentional movement of the recorded charge carriers within the intermediate storage unit, the intermediate storage unit has a locking device for at least one or both charge carriers in the intermediate storage unit. The locking device preferably has at least one latching means which can be brought into positive engagement with one load carrier in each case.
  • Another development of the invention provides that the buffer unit two aligned substantially parallel to each other Receiving rails, which are preferably arranged via a holder on the underside of the charge carrier receptacle. With the use of two preferably parallel aligned receiving rails is a structurally simple embodiment of the temporary storage unit, which serves as a receiving unit for the empty charge carriers, reached below the "regular" charge carrier recording. With the two receiving rails, on the one hand, a stable support surface is formed for the at least one empty charge carrier resting thereon. On the other hand, by means of the receiving rails preferably a lateral guide transversely to the conveying direction of the example to be taken over by a vehicle or to be transferred to a shelf or a picking station of the warehouse empty load carrier. The receiving rails are preferably arranged in each case via holders on the underside of the charge carrier receptacle, whereby a firm and secure connection with the underside of the charge carrier receptacle is produced.
  • Preferably, the buffer unit is arranged vertically adjustable to the charge carrier receptacle for the loaded charge carrier, so that the distance between the receiving surface of the buffer unit for exclusively empty charge carriers and the bottom of the "regular" charge carrier receptacle can be adjusted. A change in the height of the intermediate storage unit relative to the charge carrier receptacle may be necessary, for example, if, in particular, two empty charge carriers are to be accommodated via the intermediate storage unit below the "regular" charge carrier receptacle. A change in the distance between the intermediate storage unit, preferably the two receiving rails, and the charge carrier recording also takes place when the charge carrier receptacle is moved to its lowest position. The holders for the receiving rails preferably have guide means for the corresponding with the guide means portions of the receiving rails slidably received therein. The empty charge carrier slides in particular with its underside on the top of the receiving rail.
  • Preferably, the charge carrier has dimensions which are adapted to the dimensions of the loading area of the vehicle. The charge carrier preferably has dimensions or external dimensions which are preferably adapted to the internal dimensions of the loading area of a vehicle transporting the load carrier or of a container receiving the load carrier, such as semitrailers, containers or the like. This is understood to mean that the charge carrier has a maximum lateral play to the inner wall of the vehicle or the container, which is dimensioned such that no tilting and clamping of the charge carrier can occur. Such a charge carrier can, for example, as in EP 2 151 402 A2 shown to be trained. Another embodiment of the invention provides that the charge carrier on its underside has a plurality of rows of side by side or successively arranged rolling elements. Preferably, two, three, four or more than four rows of rolling elements are provided on the underside of the load carrier. The two outer, preferably along the longitudinal sides of the carrier extending rows of rolling elements cooperate with the receiving rails of the temporary storage unit, whereby a simple conveying movement of the empty load carrier in the conveying direction along or on the temporary storage unit is ensured.
  • According to another embodiment of the invention, the conveyor on one or more drive means, which is adapted to be coupled to the empty carrier and / or brought into contact. By means of the one or more drive means, the movement of the empty load carrier in the conveying direction along the intermediate storage unit is implemented. About the conveyor of the charge carrier is pulled out, for example, from the vehicle or the shelf on the temporary storage unit and / or pushed the empty load carrier again from the temporary storage unit on the bed or on a shelf or picking. The drive means may be formed, for example, as a loading carriage which is movable along the underside of the "regular" charge carrier receptacle and which preferably has a coupling means which positively engages with an end face of the charge carrier. The loading carriage is preferably designed to be movable along the entire charge carrier receptacle and can be brought into contact with the charge carrier received in the intermediate storage unit both on both sides. Thus, the required sliding or pulling movement of the charge carrier can be implemented for loading and unloading.
  • A preferred development of the logistics system according to the invention provides that the drive means has a frictional wheel that can be frictionally engaged with the top of the empty load carrier. By means of the friction wheel, which is preferably brought into contact or contact with the upper side of the empty load carrier, a contact force acting on the upper side of the empty load carrier can be generated. About the acting contact force between the friction wheel and the charge carrier a frictional connection is generated. The rotating friction wheel causes, depending on its direction of rotation, then a movement of the charge carrier in one or the opposite direction. The Driving force of the frictional wheel serving as a drive means is chosen so large that it is sufficient to pull the empty load carrier from the loading surface of the vehicle to the intermediate storage unit of the transfer station and / or to push the load carrier from the intermediate storage unit to a storage location. In order to ensure optimal static friction between the upper side of the charge carrier and the friction wheel, the circumference of the friction wheel preferably has a rubber coating.
  • Preferably, the conveyor has an adjusting device for an adjusting movement of the drive means, which is adapted to bring the drive means with the load carrier in the warehouse or on the vehicle in attack and / or out of attack. By means of the adjusting device, the drive means can be moved relative to the temporary storage unit for the empty charge carrier. Thus, the given lateral distance between the temporary storage unit and the loading area of a vehicle or the shelf of the camp can be bridged. About the adjusting the preferably designed as a friction wheel drive means is shifted by a predetermined amount to be brought into abutment with the top of the empty load carrier. In this context, the conveyor has, for example, sensors which monitor the orientation or position of the empty load carrier on the intermediate storage unit and, for example, also the position of the drive means, which is preferably designed as a friction wheel, in the extended or retracted position.
  • The adjusting device preferably has an actuating cylinder which can be moved parallel to the drive means in the conveying direction. The adjusting cylinder ensures a simple and at the same time reliable adjusting movement of the drive means relative to the temporary storage unit for the empty load carriers. The adjusting cylinder used, which is a single-acting or a double-acting cylinder, preferably moves the drive means in a horizontal plane. One embodiment provides that the actuating cylinder can be actuated hydraulically, pneumatically or electrically.
  • Furthermore, the adjustment device preferably has one or more guide parts, along which the drive means is guided, which is arranged in particular on the underside of the charge carrier receptacle for the loaded charge carrier. In addition to the guidance of the drive means in the adjustment direction, a force absorption transversely to the guide direction is preferably ensured by means of the guide member. Thus, in particular a secure contact pressure of preferably having a rubber coating peripheral surface of the preferably designed as a friction wheel drive means is ensured with the top of the charge carrier to be moved. About the mutually corresponding guide parts is preferably a linear slide or linear Wälzführung formed. The fixed guide part is preferably arranged on the underside of the "regular" charge carrier receptacle. The movably received guide part is preferably coupled to the front end of the piston of the actuating cylinder, on which also preferably the empty charge carrier moving drive means is arranged.
  • A further embodiment of the logistics system according to the invention provides that the charge carrier receptacle of the transfer station has a longitudinal conveyor unit for moving the loaded load carrier in the transport direction on the charge carrier receptacle. Between the longitudinal conveyor unit, which preferably comprises means for gripping the charge carrier, and the charge carrier is preferably a mechanical coupling via, for example, a positive connection. The coupled to the longitudinal conveyor unit carrier can be safely transferred from a shelf of the warehouse or from the back of the vehicle from the transfer station on the load carrier recording and then transferred from the buffer unit to the back of a vehicle or to a shelf of the warehouse.
  • By means of the charge carrier recording empty and loaded charge carriers can be taken over and handed over in a preferred embodiment. With regard to the function and design of the transfer station, which is also known under the name Expresslifter, is the disclosure in DE 10 2009 018 237 or DE 10 2011 087 985 directed. A possible embodiment of the transfer station provides that the transfer station can be moved by means of a guide device with parallel guide rails along the plurality of docking stations in a substantially horizontal direction.
  • An optional embodiment of the logistics system according to the invention provides means for pivoting the transfer station in each case in the region of the docking stations about a vertical axis. Thus, an orientation of the transfer station of the logistics system can be made to a corresponding with the docking vehicle. Both the charge carrier receptacle and the intermediate buffer unit for temporary storage of an empty load carrier arranged underneath are aligned in alignment with the loading surface of the vehicle, thereby advantageously avoiding tilting of the load carrier during its conveying movement from the loading surface or in the direction of the loading surface , With regard to the function and the detailed design of the transfer station, in Related to their adjustability about their vertical axis, is based on the revelation EP 2 602 216 A1 directed.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to a transfer station for a logistics system for transferring a load carrier between a vehicle, in particular a truck and a warehouse, wherein the transfer station is adapted to the carrier from or to a vehicle and / or from or to a warehouse to take over or transfer, has a charge carrier receptacle on which the charge carrier comes to rest, wherein the charge carrier between the vehicle and the receptacle and / or between the bearing and the receptacle is conveyed. According to the invention, the transfer station has a temporary storage unit for temporarily buffering an empty charge carrier. Preferably, the transfer station is adapted to at least temporarily record an empty and a loaded charge carrier on different levels at the same time, wherein the temporary storage unit serves as a receiving unit for the empty load carrier. The invention is based on the finding that by means of a transfer station according to the invention the reloading process, preferably the unloading and loading of a vehicle located in the area of a docking station of a logistics center can be carried out in a considerably shortened period of time. The acceptance of the empty load carrier by the temporary storage unit for temporarily buffering empty load carriers at the transfer station and the immediately subsequent or immediate reloading with an arranged above, loaded with palletized and scattered goods carrier can be done without a movement of the transfer station in the horizontal direction. In other words, an empty charge carrier located on the loading surface of the vehicle can be taken over by the intermediate storage unit by the vehicle, although already or even a loaded charge carrier is located on the charge carrier receptacle of the transfer station. Preferably, the transfer station is movable in a horizontal direction between a plurality of docking stations lying substantially parallel to one another and configured to receive or transfer the loaded and / or empty load carriers there in each case.
  • Advantageous developments of the transfer station according to the invention will become apparent from the foregoing explanations to the logistics system according to the invention and its preferred embodiments. In that regard, reference is made to the above explanations.
  • The invention further relates to a method for transferring a load carrier between a vehicle, in particular a truck and a warehouse of a logistics system, in particular according to one of the preferred embodiments above. The method according to the invention solves the underlying problem with the following steps: moving the charge carrier receptacle in the vertical direction until an intermediate storage unit for temporarily storing an empty load carrier is aligned with the loading surface of the vehicle; Transporting the empty load carrier into the buffer unit of the transfer station for buffering, and moving the load carrier pickup in the vertical direction until the charge carrier receptacle for the loaded carrier is flush with the loading area of the vehicle, and conveying the loaded load carrier from the load carrier pickup to the loading area of the vehicle. By means of the method steps according to the invention, the reloading process on the vehicle and thus the replacement of an empty charge carrier initially located on the loading surface of the vehicle by a loaded charge carrier can be considerably shortened. By the step of temporarily storing an empty load carrier below the "regular" load carrier receptacle, the step of storing the empty load carrier in the warehouse prior to loading the vehicle with a load carrier loaded with palletized and singulated goods can be dispensed with in an advantageous manner. During the step of the method of the charge carrier recording in the vertical direction are preferably two, an empty and a loaded charge carriers on different levels of the transfer station.
  • The method according to the invention is advantageously further developed by one or more or all of the steps: moving the transfer station in one direction, essentially transversely to the transport direction of the charge carrier on the charge carrier receptacle, between a plurality of mutually parallel docking stations, around a loaded charge carrier and / or one to pick up or transfer empty load carriers there; Conveying the empty load carrier into the intermediate storage unit of the transfer station below the load carrier receptacle for the loaded load carriers; contacting a drive means with the top of the empty load carrier and moving the empty load carrier over the engaging drive means and disengaging the drive means with the top of the load carrier; Conveying the empty load carrier by means of a between the top of the carrier of the charge carrier preferably formed as a friction drive means via a frictional connection; Method of the loaded load carrier by means of a longitudinal conveyor unit which is movable on the receptacle in the transport direction of the load carrier.
  • In the following the invention with reference to a preferred embodiment with reference to the accompanying figures will be described in more detail. Hereby show:
  • 1 - 3 Perspective views of the logistics system according to the present invention during the transport of a loaded load carrier;
  • 4 - 5 the partial views of a portion of a transfer station of the logistics system according to the invention when unloading an empty load carrier;
  • 6 A side view of a portion of the transfer station when loading a vehicle, and
  • 7 and 8th perspective detail views of the transfer station after 6 ,
  • 1 shows a logistics system 100 , with a warehouse 101 with several shelves or picking stations 103 . 103 ' and a plurality of docking stations arranged substantially parallel to one another 105 . 105 ' , To unload and load vehicles 107 ( 3 ) are with their back to the docking stations 105 . 105 ' moved up, with the docking stations with the discharge 115 of the vehicles 107 preferably aligned. The logistics system 100 also has a transfer station 109 for taking over or transferring load carriers loaded with palletized and separated goods 111 and an empty load carrier 111 ' between a vehicle 107 and the camp 101 on. The transfer station 109 is in a horizontal direction between the different picking stations 103 of the camp 101 and the in-flight docking stations 105 . 105 ' traversable. The transfer station 109 has a vertically movable charge carrier receptacle 113 on, on which the carrier to be conveyed between warehouse and vehicle 111 . 111 ' come into contact during the transfer. With the inventive logistics system 100 can already before arrival, as in the 1 to 3 clarifies a charge carrier 111 from a respective shelf 103 via the charge carrier recording 113 be removed and to the corresponding docking station 105 ' the vehicle to be loaded 107 was docked with his back.
  • 4 shows in a detail view of the front of the discharge opening 115 of the vehicle 107 aligned transfer station 109 , The transfer station 109 In addition to its charge carrier recording 113 a cache unit 21 for temporarily buffering an empty load carrier 111 on, in alignment with the loading area 117 of the vehicle 107 is aligned. The cache unit 21 serves as a receiving unit for at least one empty load carrier 111 ' , Furthermore, the intermediate storage unit 21 a conveyor 23 for moving the empty load carrier in the conveying direction, which one preferably with the top of the empty load carrier 111 ' engageable drive means 25 having. By means of the drive means 25 will, as in 5 shown the empty charge carrier 111 ' to the intermediate storage unit 21 transferred, wherein the transfer station according to the invention is adapted to at least temporarily record an empty and a loaded carrier simultaneously on different levels. The intermediate storage unit is preferred 21 for the empty load carrier 111 ' below the charge carrier receptacle 113 arranged for the loaded cargo. In a preferred embodiment, the intermediate storage unit 21 set up to hold several empty charge carriers 111 ' to record simultaneously.
  • After the empty charge carrier 111 ' . 5 shows the acceptance of the empty load carrier 111 ' from the cache unit 21 completely from the cache unit 21 was adopted, the charge carrier recording 113 with their receiving surface 119 and the loaded charge carriers brought into contact therewith 111 in alignment with the loading area 117 of the vehicle 107 aligned. Subsequently, how 6 illustrates the load carriers loaded with palletized and separated goods 111 via a longitudinal conveyor unit 121 ( 2 ) for moving the loaded charge carrier 111 in the transport direction of the charge carrier recording 113 on the loading area 117 of the vehicle 107 to hand over.
  • In the 7 and 8th are detailed drawings of the below the charge carrier recording 113 arranged intermediate storage unit 21 for temporarily storing at least one empty charge carrier 111 ' is arranged. The cache unit 21 has two receiving rails aligned substantially parallel to one another 27 . 27 ' on, which preferably in each case via brackets 29 . 29 ' with the bottom of the charge carrier receptacle 113 are connected. The mounting rails 27 are adjustable in particular in the vertical direction, namely along the vertically projecting at the bottom brackets 29 . 29 ' movably guided. This is a distance change of the buffer unit 21 relative to the charge carrier recording 113 guaranteed. The conveyor 23 with which the empty charge carriers 111 ' into the intermediate storage unit 21 the transfer station 109 preferably have two drive means 25 on, which is preferred in the area between the charge carrier uptake 113 and the cache unit 21 are arranged. One drive each 25 is one Front of the transfer station 109 assigned and can preferably be brought into contact with the empty carrier and out of contact again. Preferably, the drive means 25 a frictional wheel frictionally engageable with the top surface of the empty load carrier, the frictional wheel having a peripheral surface preferably having a rubber coating, a contact pressure of predetermined magnitude on the top surface of the empty load carrier 111 ' exercises. Depending on the direction in which the carrier to be transported 111 ' is to be moved, there is a drive of the friction wheel in a corresponding direction of rotation. Thus, the charge carrier is on the temporary storage unit 21 pulled or from the temporary storage unit 21 out on the loading area 117 of the vehicle 107 or in a picking place 103 of the camp 101 pushed. To that of the intermediate storage unit 21 associated conveyor 23 to be able to bring into contact with an empty carrier located in the warehouse or on the vehicle, has the conveyor 23 for each one drive means 25 an adjusting device 31 . 31 ' on. With the adjusting device 31 . 31 ' becomes the driving means 25 with the top of the charge carrier in attack and after converted transport movement of the charge carrier also brought out of attack again. The adjusting device 31 . 31 ' each has an actuating cylinder 33 . 33 ' on, by means of which the drive means 25 can be moved substantially parallel in the conveying direction of the charge carriers targeted by a predetermined amount. To the drive means 25 with the charge carrier 111 on the vehicle 107 or in the warehouse 101 to bring into contact or attack, this is done by means of the actuating cylinder 33 . 33 ' , relative to the center region of the charge carrier receptacle 113 moved by a predetermined amount to the outside, such that the drive means respectively over the end faces of the charge carrier receptacle 113 protrude. The except attacking the drive means 25 , By means of a targeted return movement of the actuating cylinder in the direction of the central region of the charge carrier recording 113 , At the bottom of the charge carrier receptacle 117 are fixed guide parts 35 arranged along which each of the drive means 25 while moving through the actuator cylinder 33 . 33 ' to be led. The guide part 35 is part of a linear guide, by means of the drive means 25 acting forces are preferably absorbed transversely to the guide direction. This ensures that formed as a friction wheel drive means 25 a corresponding contact pressure with its preferably rubberized peripheral surface on the top of a charge carrier 111 ' can exercise. Similar or identical components are designated by the same reference numerals.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • EP 1808387 B1 [0003]
    • EP 2151402 A2 [0014]
    • DE 102009018237 [0021]
    • DE 102011087985 [0021]
    • EP 2602216 A1 [0022]

Claims (16)

  1. Logistics system ( 100 ) for transferring a load carrier ( 111 . 111 ' ) between a vehicle ( 107 ), in particular a truck, and a warehouse ( 101 ), with a charge carrier ( 111 . 111 ' ), which essentially has dimensions which correspond to the dimensions of the loading area ( 117 ) of the vehicle ( 107 ), a transfer station ( 109 ) for accepting or transferring the load carrier ( 111 . 111 ' ) from or to a vehicle ( 107 ) and / or to take over or transfer the load carrier from or to a warehouse ( 101 ), the transfer station ( 109 ) - a charge carrier recording ( 113 ), on which the charge carrier ( 111 ) comes to the plant, wherein the charge carrier between the vehicle ( 107 ) and the charge carrier uptake ( 113 ) and / or between the warehouse ( 101 ) and the recording ( 113 ), characterized in that the transfer station ( 109 ) a temporary storage unit ( 21 ) for temporarily buffering an empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) having.
  2. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to claim 1, characterized in that the temporary storage unit ( 21 ) a conveyor ( 23 ) for moving the empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) is assigned in the direction of transport.
  3. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the temporary storage unit ( 21 ) for the empty charge carrier ( 111 ' ) and / or the conveyor ( 23 ) below the charge carrier uptake ( 113 ) for the loaded charge carrier ( 111 ) is arranged.
  4. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the temporary storage unit ( 21 ) is adapted to several empty charge carriers ( 111 ' ) at the same time.
  5. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 3 and 4, characterized in that the temporary storage unit ( 21 ) two substantially parallel aligned receiving rails ( 27 . 27 ' ), which preferably via a holder on the underside of the charge carrier receptacle ( 113 ) are arranged.
  6. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to claim 5, characterized in that the temporary storage unit ( 21 ) vertically adjustable to the charge carrier receptacle for the loaded charge carrier ( 111 ' ) are arranged.
  7. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 2 to 6, characterized in that the conveyor ( 23 ) one or more drive means ( 25 ), which is adapted to the empty charge carrier ( 111 ' ) and / or brought into contact.
  8. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to claim 7, characterized in that the drive means ( 25 ) with the top of the empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) has friction wheel engageable in frictional engagement.
  9. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 2 to 8, characterized in that the conveyor ( 23 ) an adjusting device ( 31 . 31 ' ) for an adjustment movement of the drive means ( 25 ), which is adapted to the drive means ( 25 ) with the charge carrier ( 111 ' ) in the camp or on the vehicle in attack and / or out of attack.
  10. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to claim 9, characterized in that the adjusting device ( 31 . 31 ' ) one the drive means ( 25 ) preferably in the transport direction movable actuating cylinder ( 33 . 33 ' ) having.
  11. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 9 and 10, characterized in that the adjusting device ( 31 . 31 ' ) one or more guide parts ( 35 ), along which in each case the drive means ( 25 ), which is preferably at the bottom of the charge carrier receptacle ( 113 ) for the loaded charge carrier ( 111 ) is arranged.
  12. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the charge carrier receptacle ( 113 ) a longitudinal conveyor unit ( 121 ) for moving the loaded charge carrier ( 111 ) in the transport direction on the charge carrier receptacle ( 113 ) having.
  13. Logistics system ( 1 ) according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized by means for pivoting the transfer station ( 109 ) in the area of the docking stations ( 105 . 105 ' ) about a vertical axis.
  14. Transfer station ( 109 ) for a logistics system ( 100 ), in particular according to one of the preceding claims, for the transfer of a load carrier ( 111 . 111 ' ) between a vehicle ( 107 ), in particular a truck, and a warehouse ( 101 ), the transfer station ( 109 ), - is adapted to the charge carrier ( 111 . 111 ' ) from or to a vehicle ( 107 ) and / or from or to a warehouse ( 101 ), or - a charge carrier intake ( 113 ), on which the charge carrier ( 111 ) comes to the plant, wherein the charge carrier ( 111 ) between the vehicle ( 107 ) and the charge carrier uptake ( 113 ) and / or between the warehouse ( 101 ) and the charge carrier uptake ( 113 ), characterized by an intermediate storage unit ( 21 ) for temporarily buffering an empty load carrier ( 111 ).
  15. Method for transferring a charge carrier ( 111 . 111 ' ) between a vehicle ( 107 ), in particular a truck, and a warehouse ( 101 ) of a logistics system ( 100 ), in particular according to one of claims 1 to 13, comprising the steps: - moving the charge carrier receptacle ( 113 ) in a vertical direction until a buffer unit ( 21 ) for temporarily storing an empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) with the loading area ( 117 ) of the vehicle ( 107 ) flees; Transporting the empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) into the intermediate storage unit ( 21 ) of the transfer station ( 109 ), and - moving the charge carrier receptacle ( 21 ) in the vertical direction until the charge carrier receptacle ( 113 ) for the loaded charge carrier ( 111 ) with the loading area ( 117 ) of the vehicle ( 107 ), and conveying the loaded load carrier ( 111 ) from the charge carrier receptacle ( 113 ) on the back of the vehicle ( 107 ).
  16. Method according to claim 15, comprising one, several or all of the steps: - method of the transfer station ( 109 ) in a direction substantially transverse to the transport direction of the charge carrier ( 111 . 111 ' ) on the charge carrier receptacle 113 ), between several parallel docking stations ( 105 . 105 ' ) to a loaded charge carrier ( 111 ) and / or an empty charge carrier ( 111 ' ) to record or hand over there; Transporting the empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) into the intermediate storage unit ( 21 ) of the transfer station ( 109 ) below the charge carrier uptake ( 113 ) for the loaded charge carriers ( 111 ); - In attack of a drive means ( 25 ) with the top of the empty load carrier ( 111 ' ), Method of the empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) about the attacking drive means ( 25 ), and apart from attacking the drive means ( 25 ) with the top of the charge carrier ( 111 ' ); Transporting the empty load carrier ( 111 ' ) by means of a between the top of the charge carrier ( 111 ' ) and preferably designed as a friction wheel drive means ( 25 ) via a frictional connection, and / or - method of the loaded charge carrier ( 111 ) by means of a on the charge carrier recording ( 113 ) in the direction of transport of the load carrier ( 111 ) movable longitudinal conveyor unit ( 121 ).
DE102014208521.7A 2014-05-07 2014-05-07 Logistics system, transfer station and method for transferring a platform between a vehicle and a warehouse Withdrawn DE102014208521A1 (en)

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DE102014208521.7A DE102014208521A1 (en) 2014-05-07 2014-05-07 Logistics system, transfer station and method for transferring a platform between a vehicle and a warehouse
PCT/EP2015/059460 WO2015169679A1 (en) 2014-05-07 2015-04-30 Logistics system, transfer station and method for transferring a platform between a vehicle and a warehouse

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019077066A1 (en) * 2017-10-20 2019-04-25 Dücker Fördertechnik GmbH Fully automated end-face loading of a truck using a transport vehicle

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EP2151402A2 (en) 2008-08-04 2010-02-10 Heinz Buse Logistics system
DE102010028820A1 (en) * 2010-05-10 2011-11-10 Heinz Buse Logistics system with sliding plate transverse drive
EP1808387B1 (en) 2006-01-12 2012-12-26 Heinz Buse Logistics system
EP2602216A1 (en) 2011-12-08 2013-06-12 Heinz Buse Logistics system, transfer station for same, and logistics method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102010028821B4 (en) * 2009-05-28 2015-07-30 Heinz Buse Method for loading and unloading vehicles as well as logistics systems with transfer station

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1808387B1 (en) 2006-01-12 2012-12-26 Heinz Buse Logistics system
EP2151402A2 (en) 2008-08-04 2010-02-10 Heinz Buse Logistics system
DE202009016799U1 (en) 2008-08-04 2010-06-24 Buse, Heinz logistics system
DE102010028820A1 (en) * 2010-05-10 2011-11-10 Heinz Buse Logistics system with sliding plate transverse drive
EP2602216A1 (en) 2011-12-08 2013-06-12 Heinz Buse Logistics system, transfer station for same, and logistics method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019077066A1 (en) * 2017-10-20 2019-04-25 Dücker Fördertechnik GmbH Fully automated end-face loading of a truck using a transport vehicle

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