DE102014002497A1 - Method for coupling first and second accessible containers in transport vehicle, involves placing first container on substrate, and pivoting second container about to side walls to pivot axis down to align side walls generally parallel - Google Patents

Method for coupling first and second accessible containers in transport vehicle, involves placing first container on substrate, and pivoting second container about to side walls to pivot axis down to align side walls generally parallel

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Publication number
DE102014002497A1
DE102014002497A1 DE201410002497 DE102014002497A DE102014002497A1 DE 102014002497 A1 DE102014002497 A1 DE 102014002497A1 DE 201410002497 DE201410002497 DE 201410002497 DE 102014002497 A DE102014002497 A DE 102014002497A DE 102014002497 A1 DE102014002497 A1 DE 102014002497A1
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
container
containers
side walls
coupling means
coupling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
DE201410002497
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Jens Harder
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Drehtainer Spezial Container- und Fahrzeugbau GmbH
Drehtainer GmbH Spezial Container und Fahrzeugbau
Original Assignee
DREHTAINER GMBH SPEZIAL CONTAINER- UND FAHRZEUGBAU
Drehtainer GmbH Spezial Container und Fahrzeugbau
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102013003335.7 priority Critical
Priority to DE102013003335 priority
Application filed by DREHTAINER GMBH SPEZIAL CONTAINER- UND FAHRZEUGBAU, Drehtainer GmbH Spezial Container und Fahrzeugbau filed Critical DREHTAINER GMBH SPEZIAL CONTAINER- UND FAHRZEUGBAU
Priority to DE201410002497 priority patent/DE102014002497A1/en
Publication of DE102014002497A1 publication Critical patent/DE102014002497A1/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/04Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate against air-raid or other warlike actions
    • E04H9/10Independent shelters; Arrangement of independent splinter-proof walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/64Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading the load supporting or containing element being readily removable
    • B60P1/6418Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading the load supporting or containing element being readily removable the load-transporting element being a container or similar
    • B60P1/6463Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading the load supporting or containing element being readily removable the load-transporting element being a container or similar fitted with articulated beams for longitudinal displacement of the container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects
    • B60P3/32Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects comprising living accommodation for people, e.g. caravans, camping, or like vehicles
    • B60P3/36Auxiliary arrangements; Arrangements of living accommodation; Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/0006Coupling devices between containers, e.g. ISO-containers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H3/00Buildings or groups of buildings for public or similar purposes; Institutions, e.g. infirmaries, prisons
    • E04H3/08Hospitals, infirmaries, or the like; Schools; Prisons
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/12Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmens' huts, dressing cubicles
    • E04H2001/1283Small buildings of the ISO containers type

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a device for coupling a first and a second walk-in container (10, 12), wherein the two containers (10, 12) are approached to each other until the containers (10, 12) along two parallel side walls (10, 12). 24) abut each other. In order to enable the coupling of the two containers (10, 12) by means of a single transport vehicle (32) and without a crane, forklift or other aids, it is proposed according to the invention that the first container (10) is placed on a base (42) and in that in a direction of the base (42) inclined orientation of the second container (12) coupling means (66; 56) of the second container (12) with coupling means (64; 100) of the parked first container (10) are engaged and then pivoting the second container (12) down about a pivot axis parallel to the side walls (24) to generally parallelize the side walls (24). The apparatus includes cooperating coupling means (64, 66; 100, 56) at or near the top edges (58) of the opposed side walls (24) of the two containers (10, 12), the coupling means (66; 56) of the second container (12) engage the coupling means (64; 100) of the parked first container (10) in an inclined orientation of the second container (12) relative to the ground (42), and the second container (12) is thereafter related to the first container (10) can pivot to one of the opposite side walls (24) parallel pivot axis.

Description

  • The invention relates to a method and a device for coupling a first and a second walk-in container according to the preamble of claims 1 and 5. The invention further relates to an arrangement of a first and a second walk-in container according to claim 15, which during the coupling of the two containers is formed.
  • Walkable cuboid residential, office or storage containers with standardized dimensions can not only be placed separately from each other, but also coupled with one or more adjacent containers to container modules or assembled into larger modular units. For example, a more or less large number of individual containers may be assembled into single or multi-piece modular buildings, such as the US Pat US 4,599,829 , of the US 5,735,639 or the US 7,594,361 disclosed. Instead of individual containers, however, prefabricated container modules made of two or more containers coupled to one another can also be used for construction.
  • In addition to the uses mentioned in these publications, it is also common for military purposes, for example, in the construction of field camps several residential, office or storage containers to command posts, hospitals, residential accommodation or the like put together, usually armored, that is protected against fire Containers with reinforced walls and ceilings are used.
  • The coupling of individual containers or container modules is particularly advantageous if at least a portion of the opposite side walls of the container is provided with larger openings, which are aligned after coupling the container with each other, so that modular buildings can be created with almost any room sizes ,
  • To ensure that the containers coupled to each other are tight against each other, the cuboid containers are usually provided at the corners with connectors or universal couplings, with which the opposite side walls of adjacent containers can be firmly connected together after they have been brought to cover. The opposite side walls of adjacent containers may alternatively or additionally be connected by screws which extend through aligned bores in the side walls.
  • In order to ensure a flat and dense system of opposite side walls, these are expediently provided with complementary planar outer contact surfaces and preferably with seals that are pressed tightly against each other when connecting the adjacent container.
  • However, because of the relatively high weight of containers, and in particular of armored containers, it is not easy to approach two containers to be coupled together without a crane or other means capable of lifting heavy loads, such that the opposed side walls are aligned parallel to each other and themselves in a small distance congruent opposite. However, this is necessary so that the connectors or universal couplings for connecting and / or contracting the containers can be engaged with each other.
  • From the DE 20 2011 051 213 U1 the applicant is already known a vehicle for transporting a container as a semi-trailer, in which the position of the trailer relative to the chassis in the horizontal and vertical direction can be changed, so that the respective opposite side walls of three semi-trailers parked next to each other on transport vehicles by a method of The aforementioned type can be approximated to one another and made to coincide in a parallel orientation in order to connect them in pairs with the aid of the connecting devices or universal couplings. Once the containers are rigidly connected to each other, the transport vehicle can be moved out below the middle container and this then supported by means of vertical extendable supports at its four corners on the ground. Finally, the two other transport vehicles can be moved out under the outer containers, which are supported on the supports of the middle container on the ground, and then the rigidly interconnected containers are lowered by means of the supports to the ground.
  • However, the known method can not be carried out without the associated transport vehicles, of which at least three are needed.
  • Proceeding from this, the present invention seeks to provide a method and a device of the type mentioned for coupling a first and a second container, which manage with a single transport vehicle and no other means suitable for lifting heavy loads, such as forklifts or cranes , need.
  • This object is achieved in the method according to the invention in that the first container is placed on a substrate and that are brought in a tilted with respect to the ground orientation of the second container coupling means on the second container with coupling means on parked first container and then the second Container is pivoted about an axis parallel to the opposite side walls pivot axis down to approach the opposite side walls of the two containers together and generally parallel.
  • By parking the first container on the ground, a single transport vehicle can be used to transport both containers in succession to the installation site. The engaging coupling means can be used as a guide during pivoting of the second container, while the dead weight of the second container can be used as a drive to approach the opposite side walls to each other while aligning generally congruent and parallel. In this way aids, such as forklifts or cranes, can be dispensed with.
  • The device according to the invention is characterized by cooperating coupling means at or near the upper edges of the opposite side walls of the two containers, the coupling means of the second container being engageable with the coupling means of the parked first container in an orientation of the second container inclined with respect to the ground. thereafter guided around the second container by the engaged coupling means relative to the first container about a pivot axis parallel to the opposite side walls and the opposite side walls approach each other by the pivoting of the second container about the pivot axis and generally parallel.
  • In the arrangement according to the invention, the two containers each have a bottom, a ceiling, two longitudinal side walls and two end walls, wherein one of the two end walls of each container with means for hooking a hook of a loading and unloading device of a Hakenabroller-vehicle or vehicle from the hook Lift type is provided. Such vehicles, which are also known as alternating-loader vehicles, z. B. from the DE 31 41 769 A1 or the GB 2 085 845 A known. Cooperating coupling means are disposed at or near the upper edges of the respective other end walls of the two containers, the coupling means of the second container engaging the coupling means of the first container such that the second container is parallel to the opposite side walls with respect to the first container Swivel axis is pivotable.
  • The devices for suspending a hook of a loading and unloading device of a hook-on vehicle can be a bracket rigidly connected to the front wall or a so-called H or X frame, with which an ISO container without a bracket can be retrofitted by the bracket provided with a frame is releasably connected to the corner fittings on the front wall of the ISO container.
  • By attaching the cooperating coupling means at or in the vicinity of the upper edges of the opposite side walls is achieved that the pivot axis is at or near the upper edges of the opposite side walls, so that the two side walls are already aligned largely parallel after pivoting and then only have to be rigidly connected to each other.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the cooperating coupling means are formed so that they slide upon pivoting of the second container to reduce frictional forces on each other or even better roll on each other.
  • Although it is basically possible with the method and the device according to the invention to selectively couple the first and second containers so that either two wide side walls or two end side walls are opposite, the latter alternative is preferred. In this alternative, the two containers are provided at or near the upper edge of an end wall with the coupling means.
  • This alternative has the advantage that a Hakenabroller vehicle can be used for transport and unloading of the two containers, on which the second container can be approximated to the parked first container and then partially unloaded backwards until it is aligned obliquely and the upper edges of the opposite end walls are so close to each other that the coupling means can be engaged with each other.
  • In this case, the coupling means of the second container can extend over the coupling means of the first container, so that they can be deposited by further lowering the second container from above on the coupling means of the first container.
  • In order to approach the upper edge of the end wall of the second container to the upper edge of the front side wall of the first container, the Hakenabroller-vehicle with the second container is expediently moved backwards with its own force to the parked first container and the second container with the help of the Aufaufbewegt and unloading device of the vehicle to be discharged to the rear until the upper edge of its rear end wall is at a slightly greater height than the upper edge of the front end wall of the first container. Thereafter, when the hook dispenser vehicle is moved rearwardly against the first container until the second container abuts and then the container is again deflated, the cooperating coupling means automatically engage each other at the upper edges of the opposed end walls, the second container engaging the first container is hung.
  • After attaching the second container to the first container, the transport vehicle is expediently moved forward under the second container and away from the first container, while the second container is pivoted by its own weight around the pivot axis down. The speed of pivoting of the second container can be controlled by moving the hook dispenser vehicle out under the second container with the aid of the loading and unloading device. As a result, the second container can be selectively lowered until the two opposite side walls are aligned generally congruent and parallel to each other.
  • The cooperating coupling means are suitably adapted to each other in this case that after hooking the second container on the first container, the coupling means of a container engage behind the coupling means of the other container, so that the two containers during subsequent pivoting of the second container in the region of the pivot axis not can easily move apart.
  • The cooperating coupling means are preferably adapted to be removably mounted to opposite corner fittings of the containers. On the one hand, such corner fittings are already present in many containers and in particular in ISO containers in order to connect two containers stacked one above the other. On the other hand, containers with corner fittings in the area of corner fittings are usually reinforced so that they can absorb greater loads there.
  • A particularly preferred embodiment of the invention provides that the coupling means of each container over two opposite longitudinal side walls of the container and / or to opposite sides over two corner fittings on the upper edge of an end wall of the container survive. In this way it is avoided that the coupling means are in coupling between the opposite side walls of the two containers, whereby they can be freely brought into a parallel orientation during pivoting of the second container.
  • Alternatively, however, the coupling means may also be arranged on the upper sides of the containers, so that they do not have to be removed after the coupling of the two containers, if further container modules are to be cultivated on one or both broadside walls. If the roofs of the two containers are designed to be sufficiently stable, for example, a coupling means projecting above the end wall on the roof of one container and cantilevering over the end wall, for example in the form of a wide rotatable roller, may be provided in an opposite trough or pocket in the roof mounted on the other container and guided sideways with referrers.
  • Advantageously, the cooperating coupling means are adapted to each other so that they guide or center the second container when approaching the first container so that the longitudinal side walls of the second container are aligned with those of the first container. Suitably, at least one of the opposite end walls of the two containers is also provided with centering pins, which engage in centering holes of the other end wall and ensure even more accurate guidance or centering
  • Preferably, one of the cooperating coupling means comprises at least one roller mounted rotatably on the container, while the other of the cooperating coupling means has at least one rigid element with a hook or trough-shaped contour for co-operation with the opposite roller of the other container.
  • Preferably, coupling means in the form of two rigid hook-shaped elements are provided on the second container, while coupling means in the form of two rotatable rollers are provided on the first container, each cooperating with one of the rigid hook-shaped elements. In this case, the hook-shaped elements have a downwardly open contour and are deposited from above onto the rollers. Conversely, the hook-shaped elements but also on the first container and the rollers on the second container be provided. In this case, the hook-shaped elements have an upwardly open contour in which the rollers of the second container can be deposited from above.
  • Alternatively, however, the cooperating coupling means may also have at least two paired sliding surfaces, one of which is conveniently convex toward the other.
  • In order to guide the second container when approaching the first container and to avoid tilting of the two containers, a further preferred embodiment of the invention provides that the cooperating coupling means comprise at least two supports on one of the containers by chains or ropes with the other container or the coupling means of the other container are connected. The upper ends of the chains or ropes are each mounted at a distance above the corner fittings of the remote first container on one of the supports, while their lower ends are connected to the opposite corner fitting of the second container. The two chains guide the second container when it is pivoted down about the pivot axis passing through the upper ends of the chains or columns. Tilting is thereby excluded. Advantageously, means for varying the inclination of the supports are provided to facilitate connecting and detaching the lower ends of the chains from the corner fittings. The means are advantageously formed by an oblique spindle drive, which also serves to initiate a portion of the forces exerted by the chains on the supports tensile forces in the first container.
  • In the following the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to two embodiments shown in the drawing.
  • 1 shows a side view of two containers when coupling the two containers using a Hakenabroller transport vehicle;
  • 2 shows a top view of the two containers and the Hakenabroller transport vehicle;
  • 3 shows a perspective view of the two containers and the Hakenabroller transport vehicle;
  • 4 shows an enlarged perspective view of one of the two containers;
  • 5 shows an enlarged detail view of the section A in 1 with a portion of the cooperative coupling agents;
  • 6 shows an enlarged detail view of the section B in 3 with a portion of the cooperative coupling agents;
  • 7 shows an enlarged view of a part of 1 however, with other coupling agents;
  • 8th shows an enlarged detail view of the other coupling means;
  • 9 shows a perspective view of a container module formed by rigidly connecting the two containers;
  • 10 shows a perspective view of a composite of several container modules modular building.
  • In the containers shown in the drawing 10 . 12 These are ISO containers with a length of 6,058 m (20 feet), a width of 2,438 m (8 feet) and a height of 2,591 m, which are used as walk-in cuboid residential, office or storage containers.
  • To expand the possibilities of use, two containers each 10 . 12 coupled and then forming an in 9 illustrated container module 14 rigidly connected. The formed container module 14 Can subsequently with other container modules 14 and / or containers to a larger modular building 16 be composed as in 10 shown.
  • How best in 1 . 2 and 4 shown, own the two containers 10 . 12 two wide side walls each 18 . 20 , two front walls 22 . 24 , a floor 26 and a roof 28 included in both containers 10 . 12 reinforced or armored, so that they are suitable for non-military use in field camps, field hospitals or other military facilities.
  • So after coupling and assembling multiple containers 10 . 12 or container modules 14 to a modular building 16 whose interiors communicate with each other is at least one side wall 18 . 20 . 24 every container 10 . 12 provided with a wall opening, of which in the drawing a large rectangular wall opening 30 in the broadside wall 18 is shown by way of example. Also in the broadside wall 20 and / or in the front wall 24 a wall opening (not shown) may be provided. Each side wall provided with a wall opening 18 . 20 . 24 is on its outside with a seal (not shown) which surrounds the wall opening and after assembly of the container 10 . 12 or container modules 14 to a modular building 16 is pressed against a corresponding seal around a complementary wall opening of the respective adjacent container 12 . 10 circulates.
  • Especially when used in field camps, field hospitals or other military facilities for coupling the containers 10 . 12 not always a crane or forklift is available, the two containers are supposed to 10 . 12 only with the help of one to transport the container 10 . 12 serving hook conveyor transport vehicle 32 be coupled with each other.
  • So that the container 10 . 12 solely by means of the hook reel transport vehicle 32 can be loaded, transported and unloaded, is each of the two containers 10 . 12 as known roll-off container, on the outside of a front wall 22 with a strap 34 provided, on which a hook 36 at the free end of a hook mount 38 a loading and unloading device 40 of the vehicle 32 can be hung. Below the other end wall 24 can be at the bottom of the soil 26 be dismounted or foldable rollers (not shown) may be provided in a known manner, on which the container 10 . 12 when loading and unloading on a surface 42 can roll.
  • By specified dimensions of the ISO containers to be coupled 10 . 12 to comply, have the front walls 22 each a flat rectangular recess 44 on whose vertical edges are two upright welded beams 46 are reinforced. Between the two carriers 46 is the temple 34 welded, which is parallel to the top edge 48 the front wall 22 extends and in the middle of a bulge for hooking the hook 36 the hook holder 38 has, as best in 4 shown. Next are on the front walls 22 the two containers 10 . 12 one lifting device each 50 with two vertical hydraulic cylinders 52 and two removable wheels 54 provided when assembling the container modules 14 to the modular building 16 needed.
  • The container 10 . 12 have in a known manner at all corners corner fittings 56 on, which are also referred to as container corners or corner fittings and for striking the container 10 . 12 , for securing the container 10 . 12 on vehicles and for connecting stacked containers 10 . 12 serve. How best in 4 represented, are the corner fittings 56 something about the side walls 18 . 20 . 22 . 24 the container 10 . 12 above. This projection is slightly smaller than the strength of the seals that wrap around the wall openings so that the seals are slightly compressed when adjacent containers 10 . 12 or container modules 14 with their corner fittings 56 lie against each other.
  • How best in 6 shown in the corners of the container 10 . 12 recessed cuboid corner fittings 56 a central recess surrounded by boundary walls 60 on. The one to the broadside walls 18 . 20 the container 10 . 12 parallel boundary walls each have an elongated passage opening 62 on.
  • For coupling the two containers 10 . 12 become the corner fittings 56 at the upper edges 58 from those end walls 24 the two containers 10 . 12 not with the strap 34 to hook in the hook 36 the loading and unloading device 40 are provided, either with cooperative coupling means 64 . 66 provided, or serve in conjunction with one at the other container 10 mounted coupling means 100 even as a coupling agent 56 , Not in one of the containers 10 . 12 integrated coupling agent 64 . 66 ; 100 Be useful in transport in the containers 10 . 12 carried along and before coupling the container 10 . 12 at the corner fittings 56 at the upper edges 58 mounted, hence the dimensions of the container 10 . 12 not during transport through the coupling means 64 . 66 ; 100 be enlarged.
  • Below are two different types of coupling agents 64 . 66 ; 100 . 56 with reference to the 1 to 6 or the 7 and 8th described in more detail, wherein each one part 64 ; 100 the coupling agent 64 . 66 ; 100 . 56 on a container 10 and the other part 66 ; 56 at the other container 12 is provided.
  • How best in the 5 and 6 shown include the coupling means 64 from the 1 to 6 at a container 10 , the following as the first container 10 is called, two roles 70 , each at one of the corner fittings 56 at the top edge 58 be attached. For the two roles 70 These are steel rollers, each on a shaft journal 72 are rotatably mounted. One about the role 70 protruding and threaded (not visible) provided part of each shaft journal 72 fits through the elongated opening 62 in the outer lateral boundary wall of the corner fittings 56 so that it passes from the outside through the passage opening 62 plugged in and inside the recess 60 With a mother can be countered to the role 70 detachable on the outside of the corner fitting 56 to fix. After mounting the two rollers 70 These are rotatable about aligned axes of rotation, which are to the upper edges 58 the front side walls 24 are parallel.
  • At the other container 12 , the below as a second container 12 is meant to include the coupling agents 66 two hook elements 74 , which are each cut out of a thick metal sheet. The hook elements 74 each comprise a widened attachment part 76 standing against the outside of a corner fitting 56 fitting with the corner fitting 56 bolted, and a narrower front Einhängteil 80 with a hook-shaped outline, over the front side wall 24 of the container 12 survives. The fastening part 76 has a passage opening 82 on, one the cross section of the through holes 62 the corner fittings 56 corresponding non-circular cross-section has. To screw serve fixing screws 84 which has a central part with one at the cross section of the through holes 62 have adapted non-circular cross-section, so that a twisting of the hook elements 74 around the central axis of the screws 84 is prevented. The protruding hanging part 80 both hook elements 74 has a projection at its free end 86 on, which together with the fastening part 76 and the Einhängteil 80 a shallow well with a flat surface 90 limited when screwing the hook elements 74 at one of the containers 10 . 12 parallel to the roof 28 of the container 10 . 12 is aligned.
  • When the roles 70 at the corner fittings 56 the first container 10 and the hook elements 74 at the corner fittings 56 of the second container 12 attached, as shown in the drawing, the troughs are down too open, so that the flat surfaces 90 on top of the rollers 70 rest after the hook elements 74 on the rollers 70 have been hung. In this case, the hook elements become 74 and the roles 70 so at the respective corner fittings 56 screwed down that the vertical distance between the top of the corner fitting 56 and the vertex of the corner fitting 56 bolted roller with the vertical distance between the top of the corner fitting 56 and the flat surface 90 at the bottom of the suspension part 80 is identical, so the tops of the roofs 28 the two containers 10 . 12 are aligned after coupling.
  • It is also possible the roles 70 at the corner fittings 56 of the second container 12 and the hook elements 74 at the corner fittings 56 the first container 10 to fix. In this case, however, the hook elements become 74 turned around, leaving the rollers 70 introduced from above into the hollows and on the surfaces 90 resting in the hook elements 74 can be hung.
  • The distance between the surfaces 90 and the front sides of the hook elements 74 provided corner fittings 56 one to the roof 28 parallel direction is adjusted so that it is the horizontal distance between the axes of rotation of the rollers 70 and the front ends of the rollers 70 provided corner fittings 56 equivalent. This leaves the surfaces 90 after hanging the hook elements 74 on the rollers 70 or after hanging the rollers 70 on the hook elements 74 regardless of the mutual orientation of the containers 10 . 12 in contact with the peripheral surfaces of the rollers 70 while the projections 86 the roles 70 each engage behind and prevent the co-acting coupling agents 64 . 66 move apart.
  • How best in 1 and 3 shown has the hook conveyor transport vehicle 32 a cargo area 92 to drop off one of the containers 10 . 12 and one at the back of the truck bed 92 arranged roll 94 on which the container 10 . 12 can roll during loading and unloading. As with hook-on transport vehicles 32 usual, is the angled and in relation to the cargo area 92 swivel hook mount 38 the loading and unloading device 40 by means of a hydraulic cylinder (not shown) to a in the cargo area 32 arranged pivot bearing swiveling to one on the hook 36 hinged container 10 . 12 either to load over the roll 94 on the loading area 92 to pull or to unload over the roll 94 to the rear of the truck bed 92 to move down. In both cases, the catch is 38 at the temple 34 hooked.
  • For coupling the two containers 10 . 12 becomes first the first container 10 by means of the hook reel transport vehicle 32 transported to the construction site, where the container 10 . 12 coupled and later to the building 16 to be composed. The first container 10 can there with the help of the loading and unloading device 40 either on a previously leveled level surface 42 be discontinued, as in 4 illustrated, or can compensate for bumps on height-adjustable supports 96 be turned off, as in 1 and 3 shown, leaving the ground 26 and the roof 28 essentially parallel to the ground 42 are aligned. Alternatively, the supports 96 also on the container 10 be pre-assembled.
  • Next is the second container 12 also with the hook conveyor transport vehicle 32 transported to the construction site where the vehicle 32 backwards to the front wall 24 of the parked first container 10 is approximated, that is the front wall 24 not with the strap 34 is provided.
  • Subsequently, the second container 12 with the hook holder 38 the loading and unloading device 40 to the rear of the truck bed 92 drained until the top edge 58 its rear end wall 24 a slightly greater height than the top edge 58 the opposite end wall 24 of the parked first Containers 10 , In this position, the second container points 12 one in relation to the underground 42 inclined orientation in which its bottom 26 and his roof 28 an acute angle with the ground 42 lock in.
  • The movement of the hook mount 38 is now temporarily interrupted and the vehicle 32 continue to reset until the over the front side walls 24 protruding Einhängteile 80 the two hook elements 74 of the second container 12 on both sides of the outsides of the upper corner fittings 56 and above the rollers 70 the first container 10 located and so for a guide and centering of the second container 12 in relation to the first container 10 worry, and until the end faces of the widened fasteners 76 against the roles 70 attacks.
  • In this position, the coupling of the transport vehicle 32 operated to break the transmission of power from the engine to the transmission, and then the engine is placed in neutral. When the parking brake is released, the hook receptacle becomes 38 in relation to the vehicle 32 moved further to the rear. Because the second container 12 in the area of the opposite upper edges 58 against the parked first container 10 supports, he can relate to the ground 42 do not move further back. Therefore, the movement has the hook mount 38 entail that the vehicle 32 forward under the second container 12 out and from the first container 10 is moved away. The second container moves 12 progressing further from the loading area 92 down. In the course of this movement, the protruding Einhängteile first 80 the hook elements 74 of the second container 12 in the field of surfaces 90 on the rollers 70 the first container 10 deposed and through the protrusions 86 attached to this. After that, the top edge can 58 the rear end wall 24 of the second container 12 do not move further down. With continued backward movement of the hook receptacle 38 in relation to the vehicle 32 becomes the second container 12 pivoted downwards by its own weight until the opposite end walls 24 the two containers 10 . 12 due to the guidance of the cooperative coupling means 64 . 66 are aligned parallel to each other and have a defined distance.
  • Unless the containers 10 . 12 on a rough surface 42 can be turned off, if necessary, before the complete pivoting of the second container 12 height-adjustable supports 96 in a retracted state under the lower corner fittings 56 of the second container 12 be mounted as soon as the respective corner fittings 56 about the role 94 have moved away. Once the two end walls 24 of the first and second containers 10 . 12 aligned parallel and thus the roofs 28 the two containers 10 . 12 aligned with each other, becomes the transport vehicle 32 slowed down and the movement of the hook mount 38 stopped to the height-adjustable supports 96 drive out and the second container 12 thereby on the underground 42 support. Last is the catch 36 the hook holder 38 posted and the transport vehicle 32 driven away, with the second container 12 lags behind, as in 9 shown.
  • Finally, the opposite end walls 24 the two containers 10 . 12 rigidly connected to each other, for example with so-called bridge fittings in the area of corner fittings 56 at the upper edges 58 and lower edges of the opposite end walls 24 , Alternatively or additionally, the opposite end walls 24 Also be connected by connecting screws, the inside of one of the two containers through aligned holes in the end walls 24 plugged and countered inside the other container. The front side walls can 24 be held by the centering pins at a defined distance from each other.
  • In this way it is possible to have two containers 10 . 12 alone with a hook roll-off transport vehicle 32 and without further aids, such as cranes or forklifts, to couple and then rigidly connect with each other. The coupling agents 64 . 66 can then be removed and for coupling additional containers 10 . 12 be used. The formed container module 14 can with other identical container modules 14 to a larger modular building 16 be composed, as described in the German Patent Application filed with the same date of the applicant.
  • The two containers need it 10 . 12 not necessarily equal lengths. For example, it is also possible to couple a 6,058 m (20 foot) ISO container and a 12,192 m (40 foot) ISO container.
  • In the in the 7 and 8th illustrated coupling means 100 . 56 include the coupling agents 100 at the first container 10 two supports 104 , whose lower ends each from above into the recesses 60 the corner fittings 56 at the top edge 58 of the container 10 be introduced so that the two supports 104 upwards over the front side wall 24 of the container 10 survive. The coupling agents 100 Include further for each support 104 a chain 106 and a spindle drive 108 with which the inclination of the prop 104 can change. At the upper end of each prop 104 is a rigid cross member 110 attached to the second container 12 adjacent side by means of a bolt 112 the upper end of the chain 106 is attached. On the other side of the cross member 110 is the upper end of the spindle drive 108 hinged, the lower end so in a complementary bag 114 In the roof 28 the first container 10 is used that over the spindle drive 108 Traction forces in the roof 28 can be initiated. The length of the chains 106 corresponds approximately to the height of the columns 104 , The coupling agents 100 further comprise two mounting pins 114 whose lower ends are from above into the recesses 60 the corner fittings 56 at the top edge 58 of the second container 12 insert and in the corner fittings 56 fix, as well as two shackles 116 with which the lower ends of the chains 106 to eyes 118 the upper ends of the mounting pins 114 can be struck. At the second container 12 become the coupling agents 56 from the corner fittings 56 at the top edge 58 the front wall 24 educated.
  • After the first container 10 be discontinued at the of the temple 34 facing away from the end wall 24 of the container 10 the pillars 104 with the chains 106 and the spindle drives 108 in the two upper corner fittings 56 introduced and the lower end of the two spindle drives 108 in the associated pockets 114 anchored. The mounting pins 114 are over the shackles 116 already with the lower ends of the chains 106 connected.
  • After the second container 12 by means of the transport vehicle 32 Delivered and partially unloaded to put it in a respect to the underground 42 to bring inclined orientation, in which the top edge 58 its front wall 24 at a small distance from the opposite upper edge 58 the front wall 24 the first container 10 is located, the mounting pins 104 at the lower ends of the chains 106 in the recesses 60 the corner fittings 56 of the container 12 introduced and at the corner fittings 56 attached, as in 7 and 8th shown. To facilitate this, the inclination of the supports can 104 by means of spindle drives 108 be changed so that the supports 104 stronger towards the second container 12 are inclined. Subsequently, the supports 104 by means of spindle drives 108 again set back so far that the opposite end walls 24 the two containers 10 . 12 congruent and in parallel alignment with each other come to rest when the transport vehicle 32 from the container 10 away and under the container 12 moved out and the container 12 while on the chains 106 around one of the bolts 112 the two supports 104 educated and to the frontage walls 24 parallel pivot axis is pivoted down. The chains 106 serve as a guide and prevent tilting of the container 12 in relation to the container 10 , The on the chains 106 acting tensile forces are transmitted via the supports 104 and the spindle drives 108 as well as the bags 114 in the container 10 initiated. After coupling the two containers 10 . 12 is used to disassemble the coupling agent 100 . 102 by means of spindle drives 108 again the inclination of the columns 104 to the second container 12 reinforced to the removal of the mounting pin 104 from the corner fittings 56 to facilitate.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • US 4599829 [0002]
    • US 5735639 [0002]
    • US 7594361 [0002]
    • DE 202011051213 U1 [0008]
    • DE 3141769 A1 [0014]
    • GB 2085845A [0014]

Claims (15)

  1. Method for coupling a first and a second walk-in container, in which the two containers are approached to one another until they lie against each other along two parallel side walls, characterized in that the first container ( 10 ) on a surface ( 42 ) and that in relation to the underground ( 42 ) inclined orientation of the second container ( 12 ) Coupling agent ( 66 ; 56 ) of the second container ( 12 ) with coupling means ( 64 ; 110 ) of the parked first container ( 10 ) and then the second container ( 12 ) around one of the opposite side walls ( 24 ) parallel pivot axis is pivoted down to the opposite side walls ( 24 ) generally parallel.
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that the second container ( 12 ) on a vehicle ( 32 ) to the parked first container ( 10 ) and during unloading from the vehicle ( 32 ) is brought into the inclined with respect to the ground orientation, in which the coupling means ( 64 . 66 ; 100 . 56 ).
  3. Method according to claim 2, characterized in that the vehicle ( 32 ) with the second container ( 12 ) backwards to the first container ( 10 ) and after the engagement of the coupling agents ( 64 . 66 ; 100 . 56 ) forward under the second container ( 12 ) and from the first container ( 10 ) is moved away while the second container ( 12 ) is pivoted down about the pivot axis.
  4. Method according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the vehicle ( 32 ) by own drive and / or by means of a loading and unloading device ( 40 ) under the second container ( 12 ) and from the first container ( 10 ) is moved away.
  5. Device for coupling a first walk-in container parked on a ground and a second walk-in container on two opposite side walls of the two containers, in particular for carrying out a method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized by cooperating coupling means ( 64 . 66 ; 100 . 56 ) at or near the top edges ( 58 ) of the opposite side walls ( 24 ) of the two containers ( 10 . 12 ), where the coupling agents ( 66 ; 56 ) of the second container ( 12 ) in relation to the ground ( 42 ) inclined orientation of the second container ( 12 ) with the coupling means ( 64 ; 100 ) of the parked first container ( 10 ) to engage the second container ( 12 ) then guided by the engaging coupling means ( 64 . 66 ; 100 . 56 ) in relation to the first container ( 10 ) around one of the opposite side walls ( 14 ) to pivot parallel pivot axis.
  6. Device according to claim 5, characterized in that the coupling means ( 64 . 66 ; 100 ) of at least one of the two containers ( 10 . 12 ) removable on the container ( 10 . 12 ) are attached.
  7. Device according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that at least one part ( 66 ; 100 ) of the cooperative coupling agent ( 64 . 66 ; 56 . 100 ) over one of the two opposite side walls ( 24 ) survives.
  8. Device according to one of claims 5 to 7, characterized in that the cooperating coupling means ( 64 . 66 ; 56 . 100 ) on opposite corner fittings ( 56 ) of the two containers ( 10 . 12 ) are mounted or mountable or that the coupling means ( 56 ) of one of the containers ( 12 ) of corner fittings ( 56 ) are formed.
  9. Device according to one of claims 5 to 8, characterized in that the coupling means ( 66 ) of a container ( 12 ) the coupling agents ( 64 ) of the other container ( 10 ) after they have been engaged.
  10. Device according to one of claims 5 to 9, characterized in that the cooperating coupling means ( 64 . 66 ) slide or roll when pivoting.
  11. Device according to one of claims 5 to 10, characterized in that the cooperating coupling means at least one roller ( 70 ) which rotates during pivoting.
  12. Device according to one of claims 5 to 9, characterized in that the cooperating coupling means ( 100 . 56 ) at least two supports ( 104 ) on one of the containers ( 10 ) by chains ( 106 ) or ropes with the coupling means ( 56 ) of the other container ( 12 ) are connectable.
  13. Device according to claim 12, characterized by means ( 108 ) for changing the inclination of the supports ( 104 ).
  14. Device according to one of claims 6 to 13, characterized in that at least the second container ( 12 ) at one of the opposite side walls ( 24 ) opposite side wall ( 22 ) with facilities ( 34 ) for hooking in ( 38 ) of a loading and unloading Contraption ( 40 ) of a hook-on transport vehicle ( 32 ) is provided.
  15. Arrangement of two walk-in containers ( 10 . 12 ), each one floor ( 26 ), a roof ( 28 ), two longitudinal side walls ( 18 . 20 ) and two end walls ( 22 . 24 ), each one ( 22 ) of the two end walls ( 22 . 24 ) of each container ( 10 . 12 ) with facilities ( 34 ) for hooking in ( 38 ) a loading and unloading device ( 40 ) of a hook-on transport vehicle ( 32 ), where at or near the top edges ( 58 ) of the other end walls ( 24 ) of the two containers ( 10 . 12 ) cooperating coupling agents ( 64 . 66 ; 100 . 56 ), and wherein the coupling means ( 64 ; 100 ) of a container ( 10 . 12 ) so with the coupling means ( 66 ; 56 ) of the other container ( 12 . 10 ) that one of the two containers ( 12 ) in relation to the other container ( 10 ) around one of the opposite side walls ( 24 ) parallel pivot axis is pivotable.
DE201410002497 2013-02-27 2014-02-21 Method for coupling first and second accessible containers in transport vehicle, involves placing first container on substrate, and pivoting second container about to side walls to pivot axis down to align side walls generally parallel Pending DE102014002497A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102013003335.7 2013-02-27
DE102013003335 2013-02-27
DE201410002497 DE102014002497A1 (en) 2013-02-27 2014-02-21 Method for coupling first and second accessible containers in transport vehicle, involves placing first container on substrate, and pivoting second container about to side walls to pivot axis down to align side walls generally parallel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201410002497 DE102014002497A1 (en) 2013-02-27 2014-02-21 Method for coupling first and second accessible containers in transport vehicle, involves placing first container on substrate, and pivoting second container about to side walls to pivot axis down to align side walls generally parallel

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DE102014002497A1 true DE102014002497A1 (en) 2014-08-28

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DE201410002497 Pending DE102014002497A1 (en) 2013-02-27 2014-02-21 Method for coupling first and second accessible containers in transport vehicle, involves placing first container on substrate, and pivoting second container about to side walls to pivot axis down to align side walls generally parallel

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140199934A1 (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-17 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Container data center

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2085845A (en) 1980-10-23 1982-05-06 Hiab Foco Svenska Forsaljnings Load changers for vehicles
US4599829A (en) 1983-08-25 1986-07-15 Tandemloc, Inc. Modular container building system
US5735639A (en) 1996-12-13 1998-04-07 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Modular mobile safety structure for containment and handling of hazardous materials
US7594361B2 (en) 2005-03-03 2009-09-29 Compact — Habit S.L. Modular building system and method for level assembling of prefabricated building modules
DE202011051213U1 (en) 2011-09-06 2011-12-01 Drehtainer Gmbh Spezial Container- Und Fahrzeugbau Vehicle and trailer in a modular design

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2085845A (en) 1980-10-23 1982-05-06 Hiab Foco Svenska Forsaljnings Load changers for vehicles
DE3141769A1 (en) 1980-10-23 1982-08-12 Hiab Foco Svenska Foersaeljnin Loading aid for vehicles
US4599829A (en) 1983-08-25 1986-07-15 Tandemloc, Inc. Modular container building system
US5735639A (en) 1996-12-13 1998-04-07 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Modular mobile safety structure for containment and handling of hazardous materials
US7594361B2 (en) 2005-03-03 2009-09-29 Compact — Habit S.L. Modular building system and method for level assembling of prefabricated building modules
DE202011051213U1 (en) 2011-09-06 2011-12-01 Drehtainer Gmbh Spezial Container- Und Fahrzeugbau Vehicle and trailer in a modular design

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140199934A1 (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-17 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Container data center
US9609784B2 (en) * 2013-01-17 2017-03-28 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Container data center

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