DE102013011616B4 - Filter device for fluid and replaceable filter - Google Patents

Filter device for fluid and replaceable filter

Info

Publication number
DE102013011616B4
DE102013011616B4 DE102013011616.3A DE102013011616A DE102013011616B4 DE 102013011616 B4 DE102013011616 B4 DE 102013011616B4 DE 102013011616 A DE102013011616 A DE 102013011616A DE 102013011616 B4 DE102013011616 B4 DE 102013011616B4
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
filter
connecting
head
side
particular
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
DE102013011616.3A
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE102013011616A1 (en
Inventor
Günter Jokschas
Ercan Sancar
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mann and Hummel GmbH
Original Assignee
Mann and Hummel GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mann and Hummel GmbH filed Critical Mann and Hummel GmbH
Priority to DE102013011616.3A priority Critical patent/DE102013011616B4/en
Priority claimed from PCT/EP2014/064558 external-priority patent/WO2015004114A2/en
Publication of DE102013011616A1 publication Critical patent/DE102013011616A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE102013011616B4 publication Critical patent/DE102013011616B4/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D27/00Cartridge filters of the throw-away type
    • B01D27/08Construction of the casing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/0201Housings; Casings; Frame constructions; Lids; Manufacturing or assembling thereof
    • F02M35/0202Manufacturing or assembling; Materials for air cleaner housings
    • F02M35/0203Manufacturing or assembling; Materials for air cleaner housings by using clamps, catches, locks or the like, e.g. for disposable plug-in filter cartridges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • F02M35/02475Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened characterised by the shape of the filter element
    • F02M35/02483Cylindrical, conical, oval, spherical or the like filter elements; wounded filter elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M37/00Apparatus or systems for feeding liquid fuel from storage containers to carburettors or fuel-injection apparatus; Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M37/22Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines, e.g. arrangements in the feeding system
    • F02M37/32Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines, e.g. arrangements in the feeding system characterised by filters or filter arrangements
    • F02M37/42Installation or removal of filters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2201/00Details relating to filtering apparatus
    • B01D2201/40Special measures for connecting different parts of the filter
    • B01D2201/4015Bayonet connecting means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2201/00Details relating to filtering apparatus
    • B01D2201/40Special measures for connecting different parts of the filter
    • B01D2201/4046Means for avoiding false mounting of different parts
    • B01D2201/4061Means for avoiding false mounting of different parts between a cartridge and a filter head or manifold
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M37/00Apparatus or systems for feeding liquid fuel from storage containers to carburettors or fuel-injection apparatus; Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M37/22Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines, e.g. arrangements in the feeding system
    • F02M37/32Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines, e.g. arrangements in the feeding system characterised by filters or filter arrangements
    • F02M37/34Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines, e.g. arrangements in the feeding system characterised by filters or filter arrangements by the filter structure, e.g. honeycomb, mesh or fibrous

Abstract

Filter device (10) for fluid, in particular liquid, in particular oil, fuel, water, urea solution, or gas, in particular air, in particular an internal combustion engine, in particular a motor vehicle, - with a filter head (12), which at least one inlet (16), at least a drain (18) for the fluid and a head-side connecting part (20) by means of a plug and rotary movement with respect. A connecting axis (26) closable and detachable connection means (22) for a replaceable filter (14), and - the replaceable filter (14 ) has a filter-side connecting part (108) of the connecting device (22) which can be detachably connected to the head-side connecting part (20), - the connecting means (22) at least one with respect to the connecting axis (26) has circumferential outer seal (128) is attached to the side of the replaceable filter (14) and by the filter-side connecting part (108) and the kop fseitigen connecting part (20) is separated, characterized in that - the circumferential outer seal (128) between the filter head (12) and the replaceable filter (14) only radially with respect to the connecting shaft (26) seals and a fluid-carrying space (30) of the filter device (10) from the environment (132) separates, and - the circumferential outer seal (128) in a seal receptacle (126) is arranged, which is formed by a radially outwardly open sealing groove (126) of the replaceable filter (14).

Description

  • Technical area
  • The invention relates to a filter device for fluid, in particular liquid, in particular oil, fuel, water, urea solution, or gas, in particular air, in particular an internal combustion engine, in particular a motor vehicle, with a filter head, which at least one inlet, at least one outlet for the fluid and a head-side connecting part of a connectable by means of a plug / rotary movement with respect. A connection axis and releasable connection means for a replaceable filter, and the replaceable filter has a filter-side connecting part of the connecting device, which can be releasably connected to the head-side connecting part, wherein the connecting device at least one. the connection axis has circumferential outer seal which between the filter head and the replaceable filter at least radially with respect to. Seal the connection axis and a fluid-carrying space of the filter device from the environment t can run.
  • Furthermore, the invention relates to an exchangeable filter of a filter device for fluid, in particular liquid, in particular oil, fuel, water, urea solution, or gas, in particular air, in particular an internal combustion engine, in particular of a motor vehicle, the respects a filter-side connecting part by means of a plug / rotary movement. a connection axis closable and detachable connection means, which can be detachably connected to a head-side connecting part of a filter head of the filter device, wherein the connecting means at least one. With respect to the connecting axis circumferential outer seal which seal between the filter head and the replaceable filter at least radially can separate a fluid-carrying space of the filter device from the environment.
  • State of the art
  • From the EP 0 830 885 A1 a filter device with a filter head and a filter cartridge is known. The filter cartridge is attached to the filter head. The filter head comprises a plurality of outwardly directed rising projections which form a first component of a bayonet-type connection. The rising projections are cooperative with similar projections of the filter cartridge for securing the filter cartridge to the filter head.
  • In US 4,832,844 A a filter device with a spin-on replaceable filter is described, which is screwed onto a inside of the housing cover existing internal thread on a connecting piece of a filter head. With a free edge of the cup-shaped housing pot, a sheet metal ring is crimped, which has a circumferential groove open in the axial direction, in which a seal is received. The seal has a Z-shaped cross section so that it has an axial and a radial sealing area. In a coupled state, a portion of the seal extending normal to the longitudinal axis bears against a projection of the filter head, while the radial sealing region abuts against a corresponding mating surface of a recess of the filter head.
  • DE 10 2009 035 683 A1 relates to a filter device with a spin-on replaceable filter and a filter head, wherein the spin-on has an internal thread, with which it is screwed onto a connecting piece of the filter head. The raw-side seal against the environment is effected by a radial annular seal, which is arranged in a circumferential groove on the filter head.
  • EP 1 669 121 A2 relates to a liquid filter having a filter pot in which a filter element is arranged, and a filter head. The filter cup has at its open end a connecting ring which has a radially inwardly open groove in which an elastomeric seal is arranged, which radially seals against a corresponding sealing surface of the filter head. The connecting ring is crimped with the filter pot and has inside retaining lugs, which form a bayonet joint together with guide webs of the filter head.
  • Finally, in US Pat. No. 6,023,834 discloses a filter system with spin-on, wherein the replaceable filter is connected via an internal thread, which is present on a housing cover, with a connecting piece of the filter head. The sealing of the raw side relative to the environment is effected by a seal which has on its upper side a conical sealing surface, which bears sealingly against a corresponding conical sealing surface of the filter head. The seal is arranged in an axially open sealing groove, which is formed by a deformation of the sheet metal jacket of the filter cup.
  • The invention has for its object to design a filter device and a replaceable filter of the type mentioned, in which / attachment of the replaceable filter can be simplified to the filter head. In addition, a stability of the connection of the replaceable filter is to be improved with the filter head.
  • Disclosure of the invention
  • This object is achieved in that the at least one outer seal is separated from the connecting parts.
  • The filter device is suitable for filtering fluid. In particular, liquids, in particular oil, fuel, urea solution, can be filtered with it. Alternatively, the filter device can also be used for filtering gases, in particular air, preferably combustion air of an internal combustion engine.
  • The filter device can be used in internal combustion engines of motor vehicles. It can also be used in other types of internal combustion engines, in particular industrial engines. The invention can also be used outside of internal combustion engines, in particular in motor vehicle technology.
  • The filter device has a filter head on which a replaceable filter can be mounted. The filter head has at least one inlet and at least one outlet for the fluid. The filter head may preferably be firmly fixed to a frame. The frame may in particular be part of the internal combustion engine and / or of the motor vehicle.
  • The filter head has a head-side connecting part of a connecting device for the replaceable filter. Advantageously, the filter head may have a first connection part.
  • The replaceable filter has a filter-side connecting part of the connecting device. Advantageously, the replaceable filter can have a second connecting part.
  • The second connection part can be releasably connected to the first connection part. The connecting device may advantageously be closable and detachable by means of a combined plug-in movement and rotational movement (plug-in / rotary movement) with respect to a connection axis. Combined push / turn connections can be closed and opened simply and quickly. Furthermore, they are robust against tensile loads. With the connecting device according to the invention can be easily realized as a quick release that can be easily and quickly closed and opened.
  • With the at least one outer seal, the fluid-carrying spaces, in particular spaces between the replaceable filter and the filter head, can be tightly separated from the environment. In this case, the at least one outer seal can be located on the raw side or the clean side of the filter element of the replaceable filter. This depends on the direction of flow of the fluid through the replaceable filter.
  • According to the invention, the at least one outer seal is separated from the connecting parts. The at least one outer seal is thus not directly connected to one of the connecting parts. At least one further intermediate mechanical component, in particular a component of the filter head or a lid body of the replaceable filter, is arranged between the at least one outer seal and the connecting parts. The at least one outer seal and the connecting parts are thus separated by the at least one intermediate component. The at least one intermediate component effects a mechanical coupling between the at least one outer seal and at least one of the connecting parts. At the same time, the at least one intermediate component makes it possible to increase the design freedom of both the connecting parts and the at least one outer seal. In this way, a sealing function can be optimized separately from a connection function. In particular, structural measures for the compensation of mechanical loads acting on the at least one outer seal and on the at least one intermediate component in each case can be optimized separately from each other.
  • According to the invention, the at least one outer seal seals with respect to the connecting axis exclusively in the radial direction. In this way, any compression of the at least one outer seal may be substantially independent of a degree of closure of the connection means. A mechanical load on the outer seal can be reduced.
  • Furthermore, the at least one outer seal is fastened according to the invention on the side of the replaceable filter. It can advantageously rest radially inward on a corresponding surface of the replaceable filter.
  • Finally, the at least one outer seal is arranged according to the invention in a seal receptacle which is located on the side of the replaceable filter. The seal receiver is a seal groove that is open radially outward. The sealing groove can advantageously be arranged on a cover element of the replaceable filter. The cover element may advantageously be annular. Advantageously, the lid member may be a sheet metal ring. The sealing groove can advantageously be realized by crimping the sheet metal ring. The cover element can advantageously with a housing element, in particular a Housing pot, the replaceable filter, in particular by means of a flange to be connected.
  • On the side facing the open side of the sealing groove, the cover element can have a receptacle, in particular an annular groove, for the outer sealing section of the filter head.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment, the at least one outer seal may be an O-ring seal. Alternatively, a square, in particular flat, seal can be used. An O-ring seal has the advantage that it can easily roll on the corresponding radially inner and / or radially outer sealing surfaces in a plug movement in the direction of the connecting axis. With the O-ring seal, the radial sealing effect can be better defined and / or adjusted, as with a flat gasket.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment, a corresponding sealing surface can be arranged on the side of the filter head, with which the at least one outer seal can cooperate sealingly. The sealing surface may be located radially outside the outer seal.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment, the sealing surface may be arranged on a corresponding outer sealing portion on the side of the filter head. The outer sealing portion may advantageously be cylindrical. The outer sealing portion may advantageously be coaxial with the connecting axis. A diameter of the sealing surface on the side facing the outer seal can expand in the axial direction towards the end face, from which the outer seal is moved towards the sealing surface when the connecting device is connected. In this way, an insertion or attachment of the outer seal can be simplified to the sealing surface. Furthermore, during the closing process of the connecting device, the outer seal can be compressed continuously, in particular evenly.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment, at least a first of the connecting parts at least two with respect to the connecting axis helically extending first ramp sections and the second connecting part may have at least two with respect to the connecting axis helically extending second ramp sections, which may be performed at least to close the connecting device to each other.
  • Advantageously, the first connecting part may have at least two first, in particular head-side, ramp sections with respect to the connecting axis in a helical manner. The second connecting part may have at least two, with respect to the connecting axis helically extending second, in particular filter-side, ramp sections. By using the screw-like ramp sections, a space-optimized connection device can be realized. By virtue of the fact that each of the connecting parts has at least two respective ramp sections, when the connecting parts are plugged together with a plugging movement in the direction of the connecting axis, the ramp sections of the connecting parts can abut one another circumferentially at several points. In this way, the connecting parts can be placed evenly, in particular without tilting, to each other. In a subsequent rotational movement about the connecting axis, the ramp sections of the connecting parts can lead each other. In this way, a closing process can be performed easily and accurately.
  • The first ramp sections may advantageously overlap at least partially. They can advantageously limit a helically extending first, in particular head-side, ramp groove with respect to the connection axis axially opposite sides. The at least one first ramp groove can advantageously have a U-shaped profile. In this way it can serve on three sides, namely a radially outer or inner side and two axial sides as a guide for the second ramp sections.
  • For closing the connecting device, at least one of the second ramp sections can be guided at least partially in one of the first ramp grooves. By means of the cooperation of the ramp sections with the ramp grooves, a precise, accurate and stable guidance in the axial, radial and circumferential direction can be achieved when closing the connection device. Within the first ramp grooves, the corresponding second ramp sections can also be kept stable. Thus, a connection can be realized, which is particularly resistant to tensile forces axially to the connection axis very strong.
  • By means of the plurality of ramp sections on each of the connecting parts, a plurality of helical gears can be realized. The connecting device can thus be closed with relatively small rotational movements. Advantageously, the connecting device can be closed by means of a rotary movement by a maximum of 360 °.
  • The slopes of the helical ramp sections can be uniform, in particular constant. You can also vary along the ramp sections.
  • The first ramp sections may be similar. However, different first ramp sections can also be used. Accordingly, the second ramp sections may be the same or different. The ramp sections in each case one of the connecting parts can begin in the same respect to the axis of connection axial height. But you can also start at different axial heights.
  • The connecting parts can each be made of a single material or of a material mix. The connecting parts may advantageously be made of plastic, aluminum and / or sheet metal or comprise such a material. The two connecting parts may be made of the same material or different materials.
  • The replaceable filter can advantageously have a round cross-section. The replaceable filter may advantageously be coaxial with a filter axis. The filter axis may advantageously coincide with the connection axis. The replaceable filter can advantageously have a filter element. The filter element may advantageously have a circumferentially closed filter medium. The filter medium can advantageously be folded in a star shape or a zigzag shape. The filter medium may advantageously be tightly connected to at least one end face with an end body, in particular an end plate. The filter element may advantageously be coaxial with the filter axis. The filter element can advantageously have a support body. The support body may advantageously be a central tube. The central tube can advantageously be located in an element interior of the filter element. The center tube may extend between the end bodies.
  • Advantageously, the filter-side, in particular second, connecting part can be a supporting and / or supporting part of the replaceable filter, in particular of a housing of the replaceable filter.
  • Advantageously, the filter-side, in particular second, connecting part may be formed with a cover part for closing the housing of the replaceable filter. The filter-side connecting part may advantageously be integrally connected to the cover part. In this way, a cost of components can be reduced. The cover part can advantageously have at least one passage, in particular an inlet and / or an outlet, for the fluid into or out of the replaceable filter. The cover part can advantageously be fixed by means of a fixing element to a further housing part, in particular a filter pot, of the replaceable filter. The fixing element can advantageously have a sheet-metal ring, which can be connected to the further housing part. The sheet metal ring may advantageously be connected by means of a flared connection with the further housing part.
  • Advantageously, the connecting device may have at least one stop. With the at least one stop can be prevented that the connection direction can be moved in the plug / rotary movement over its closed position. In this way, the closed position can be precisely defined. At least one of the stops may be located at the end of one of the ramp grooves. Thus, the run in the corresponding Rampennut ramp section abut with its corresponding end facing the stop and thus prevent further rotation.
  • Advantageously, both connecting parts can each have at least two ramp sections extending helically with respect to the connecting axis. The ramp sections of the same connection part may overlap at least partially with respect to the connection axis. The ramp sections of the same connection part can each delimit a helical ramp groove with respect to the connection axis axially opposite sides. For closing the connecting device, at least one of the ramp sections of each of the connecting parts can be guided at least partially in one of the ramp grooves of the respective other connecting part.
  • Advantageously, the connecting device can be located between a raw side and a clean side of a filter element of the replaceable filter. The connecting device can thus advantageously be arranged within an outer seal, which can seal the fluid-carrying space of the filter device to the environment. A holding function / connection function of the connection device and a sealing function between the fluid-carrying space of the filter device and the environment can thus be separated from one another. Thus, the holding function / connection function and the sealing function can be optimized in each case, in particular independently of each other.
  • Advantageously, at least one of the first ramp sections outside the corresponding first ramp groove may have an insertion ramp surface which may transition into the corresponding first ramp groove. The Einführrampenfläche can serve as an insertion aid to achieve a precise introduction of the respective second ramp sections in the corresponding Rampennuten.
  • At least one of the Einführrampenflächen can advantageously respect. The connection axis helical. In this way, a guide of the corresponding second ramp sections in the plug / rotary movement for closing / opening of the connecting device can be improved.
  • Advantageously, the at least one Einführrampenfläche steplessly pass into the corresponding Rampennut. In this way a uniform guidance can be achieved.
  • Advantageously, the at least one insertion ramp surface can be arranged on the side of the at least one first ramp section which axially faces the second connecting part.
  • Advantageously, at least two of the first ramp sections may be circumferentially offset from one another at least in sections. In this way, the second ramp sections when mating the connecting parts in each rotational orientation of the replaceable filter with respect to. The filter head are each applied to a corresponding Einführrampenfläche. Thus, a guidance of the ramp sections can be achieved in each rotational position of the replaceable filter relative to the filter head.
  • Advantageously, at least one of the first ramp sections may extend over only a portion of the circumference with respect to the connection axis. In this way, the connecting device can be closed or opened with a rotation of the replaceable filter by a maximum of 360 ° relative to the filter head. In this way, the connecting device can be opened and closed quickly.
  • Advantageously, at least the first ramp sections each extend over a same circumferential angle. The connecting device can thus have a symmetry with respect to the connection axis. In this way, the replaceable filter can be mounted in several rotational orientations on the filter head. When closing the connecting device, a starting position can be found more easily, from which a controlled closure of the connecting device is possible. In this way, the cultivation of the replaceable filter can be simplified.
  • Advantageously, a circumferential angle over which each of the ramp grooves extends circumferentially may correspond approximately to an angle of 360 ° divided by the number of first ramp sections. Thus, the symmetry of the connection device can be improved. The installation of the replaceable filter can be further simplified.
  • Furthermore, the circumferential extent of the ramp grooves can thus be optimized in relation to the overall size of the connecting device. The connecting device can be simplified as a whole. Furthermore, the guidance and the holding of the corresponding second ramp sections in the assembly of the connecting device can be improved.
  • Advantageously, three first, in particular head-side, ramp sections can be provided in each case. Advantageously, three second, in particular filter-side, ramp sections can be provided in each case. With three ramp sections, the second connection part can be easily and precisely created, guided and held.
  • The second ramp sections may advantageously each extend over the same circumferential angle as the ramp grooves. In this way, the second ramp sections can each be completely immersed in the corresponding ramp grooves. The ramp grooves can realize a force transmission over their entire circumferential extent with the second ramp sections. In this way, the mechanical strength of the connecting device can be improved.
  • When using three first ramp sections, the corresponding ramp grooves may advantageously each extend over a circumferential angle of approximately between 100 ° and 140 °, preferably 120 °. The ramp grooves can thus embrace the entire circumference. In this way, the connecting parts can be connected along the entire circumference.
  • Advantageously, a circumferential angle over which each of the insertion ramp surfaces extends may correspond approximately to an angle of 360 ° divided by the number of first ramp sections. Advantageously, the second ramp sections may each extend over the same circumferential angle as the Einführrampenflächen the first ramp sections. Thus, the second ramp sections can each be uniformly and precisely applied to the corresponding insertion ramp surfaces and guided there.
  • When using three first ramp sections, the three second ramp sections can advantageously each extend over a circumferential angle of approximately between 100 ° and 140 °, preferably 120 °.
  • Advantageously, the first ramp sections may circumferentially delimit the insertion ramp surface in half and the ramp groove in half. In this way, the second Ramp sections abut and guided uniformly on the Einführrampenflächen. Further, the second ramp portions may be kept in half in the ramp grooves approximately over their entire circumferential extent. Thus, a stable, in particular zugstabile, connection can be achieved.
  • In a connecting device with three ramp sections on the head side and on the filter side, a very large wing can be realized. In this way, high mechanical loads, in particular tensile loads, can be compensated.
  • Advantageously, the ramp grooves can adjoin one another circumferentially with respect to the connection axis. The ramp grooves can thus be arranged one behind the other with respect to the rotational movement for closing / opening the connecting device. The Rampennuten can be arranged without circumferential overlap. Thus, the Rampennuten can save space on the peripheral sides of the first connection part.
  • Advantageously, if necessary, the insertion ramp surfaces can adjoin one another circumferentially with respect to the connection axis. The Einführrampenflächen can be arranged without circumferential overlap.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment, the connecting device may comprise at least one locking device with at least one head-side locking part and at least one filter-side locking part, which can enter into an unlockable connection with each other in the closed position of the connecting device. In this way, the closed connection device can be mechanically secured at least in its closed state. Thus it can be prevented that the connecting device can open uncontrollably. The closing and / or opening of the unlockable connection can advantageously be possible without the use of a separate tool.
  • The unlockable connection can advantageously be a latching connection. A locking connection can be easily closed and opened. The locking connection can advantageously realize a mechanical resistance, which must be overcome to open the unlockable connection. In this way it can be prevented that the unlockable connection opens uncontrollably.
  • The unlockable connection, in particular latching connection, can advantageously generate a signal which can be detected acoustically and / or tactually during locking. In this way, the closed state of the connection device can be easily detected.
  • At least one of the locking parts, in particular at least one of the filter-side locking parts, may advantageously have a spring arm. The spring arm can advantageously be bent resiliently radially outward and / or radially inward with respect to the connection axis. At a free end of the spring arm may advantageously be arranged a detent or a detent receptacle. The at least one corresponding other locking part, in particular at least one of the head-side locking parts, may advantageously according to a locking receptacle or a latching nose. The latching receptacle or the latching lug of the spring arm can advantageously lock in the locking position of the unlockable connection with the latching lug or latching receptacle of the other latching part.
  • The at least one other locking part may advantageously have a guide surface. The guide surface can increase in a ramp-like manner in the axial direction. At the end of the guide surface may possibly be the locking receptacle or latch. During the rotational movement for closing the connecting device, the spring arm of the one locking part, in particular possibly the latching lug, can be guided on the guide surface of the other locking part.
  • The at least one spring arm can advantageously be arranged on the side of the replaceable filter. In this way, the spring arm can be replaced together with the replaceable filter. Thus, fatigue on the movable spring arm, which can occur by repeated opening and closing of the connecting device can be avoided. The other locking part can advantageously be arranged on the side of the filter head.
  • The spring arm of a connecting part may advantageously extend counter to a closing direction of rotation of the replaceable filter relative to the filter head.
  • The spring arm can advantageously have a bias which is directed radially inwardly with respect to the connection axis. The other locking part may advantageously be arranged at a respect to the connecting axis radially outer peripheral side of the corresponding connecting part.
  • The unlockable connection may advantageously be located outside an interior of the replaceable filter. It can advantageously be on the outside of a lid body, especially filter cover, the replaceable filter are. It can be visible from the outside at the separate from the filter head replaceable filter. Thus, it can be detected prior to assembly of the replaceable filter whether the at least one filter-side locking part, in particular the spring arm, is functional, in particular undamaged. The at least one filter-side locking part, in particular the at least one spring arm, can advantageously project beyond the cover body in the axial direction. The filter-side locking part may advantageously be located in circumferential extension of circumferentially extending webs. In this way, the filter-side locking part can be protected.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment, the connecting device may have at least one inner seal which is circumferential with respect to the connecting axis and which can seal between the filter head and the replaceable filter at least axially with respect to the connecting axis and separate a raw side of the replaceable filter from a clean side. The inner seal may advantageously be a ring seal. It can have a round or square, in particular rectangular, profile. The profile can be flat.
  • The inner seal can advantageously contribute to an axial tension of the connecting device. In this way, vibrations between the replaceable filter and the filter head can be damped. Any noise, in particular rattling, can thus be reduced.
  • The inner seal can advantageously be arranged coaxially to the connection axis. The axial sealing effect can be improved when closing the connecting device by a corresponding pressing axially to the connecting axis.
  • The inner seal can also act as anti-rotation. After pressing the inner seal, rotation of the replaceable filter relative to the filter head against the closing direction of rotation can be made more difficult due to the friction. Thus, the probability can be reduced that the connecting device opens uncontrollably.
  • The inner seal may advantageously be connected to the replaceable filter. It can advantageously be attached to the replaceable filter. It can advantageously be arranged in a corresponding sealing groove on the replaceable filter. In this way, it can simply be preassembled captive.
  • Advantageously, the inner seal can be arranged on an end body of a filter element, in particular a round filter element, of the replaceable filter. It can advantageously surround a passage opening to an element interior of the filter element. The element interior can be located on the clean side or the raw side of the filter element. Accordingly, the raw side or the clean side can be located on the outside of the filter element.
  • The passage opening may advantageously be coaxial with the connection axis. It may advantageously be connected to a connection channel. The connecting channel may advantageously extend at least in sections coaxially with the connecting axis. The connecting channel may be part of the filter head and / or the head-side connecting part. The connecting channel can advantageously be connected to the at least one inlet or the at least one outlet for the fluid. This depends on whether the filter element can be flowed through from radially outside to radially inside or vice versa.
  • On the side of the filter head may advantageously be arranged a sealing surface for the inner seal. The sealing surface may advantageously be coaxial with the connecting axis. On the sealing surface, the inner seal can lie flat and circumferentially closed. The sealing surface may advantageously surround the connecting channel.
  • The inner seal can advantageously be coaxial with a possible central tube of the replaceable filter. In this way, the inner seal can be stably supported in the axial direction against the center tube.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment, a course of ramp sections of the connecting parts can be adapted to an arrangement of the at least one outer seal, that the at least one outer seal when closing the connecting means by means of a plug / rotary movement during an early closing phase, in particular in the second ramp sections of second connecting part in a respective initial region of Rampennuten of first ramp portions of the first connecting part are located axially outside of one of two sealing portions, in particular a cylindrical outer sealing portion, between which it seals in the closed position of the connecting means in the radial direction, and during a later closing phase, in which engage the second ramp sections, in particular in a respective end region of the Rampennuten, is pressed between the two sealing portions. In this way, the outer seal in the closing phase, in which the ramp sections are outside or in the initial region of the Rampennuten be relieved. A burden, especially compression, the Outer seal takes place only in the later closing phase, in which the ramp sections engage in the respective ramp grooves, in particular in their end regions. In this way, a circumferential movement, in particular a rubbing of the outer seal, between the sealing portions, in particular the head-side outer sealing portion and the filter-side sealing groove can be minimized. The mechanical load of the outer seal, in particular the wear, can be reduced. Advantageously, the gradients and / or the corresponding circumferential expansions of the ramp grooves and / or possibly the insertion ramp surfaces can be adapted to the arrangement, in particular position, of the outer seal.
  • Advantageously, the earlier closing phase can take place with the entry of the second ramp sections into the ramp grooves. A first angle of rotation in the rotation of the replaceable filter relative to the filter head between the entry of the second ramp sections into the ramp grooves and the transition from the early closing phase to the late closing phase may advantageously be about a second angle of rotation between the transition from the earlier closing phase to the later closing phase and the conclusion of the later closing phase Closing phase correspond.
  • When using three ramp sections, the compression of the outer seal after the entry of the second ramp sections into the ramp grooves can advantageously begin after a rotation of the replaceable filter by approximately 60 °. After turning the replaceable filter by a further 60 °, the outer seal can be completely compressed.
  • The object is further achieved by the replaceable filter according to the invention in that the at least one outer seal is separated from the connecting parts.
  • The advantages and features identified above in connection with the filter device according to the invention and its advantageous embodiment apply correspondingly and vice versa for the replaceable filter according to the invention and its advantageous embodiments.
  • Brief description of the drawings
  • Further advantages, features and details of the invention will become apparent from the following description in which an embodiment of the invention with reference to the drawings is explained in more detail. The person skilled in the art will expediently also individually consider the features disclosed in the drawing, the description and the claims in combination and combine these into meaningful further combinations. It show schematically
  • 1 a longitudinal section of a filter system for engine oil of an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle with a filter head to which a replaceable filter is attached by means of a releasable connection means;
  • 2 a detail view of another longitudinal section of the filter system of the 1 in the area of the connection device;
  • 3 an isometric view of the filter head from the 1 and 2 without the replaceable filter, with a view of the connection side;
  • 4 a plan view of the connecting side of the filter head from the 1 to 3 , without replaceable filter;
  • 5 an isometric view of the replaceable filter from the 1 and 2 , facing the connection side;
  • 6 a plan view of the connection side of the replaceable filter from the 1 . 2 and 5 ,
  • In the figures, the same components are provided with the same reference numerals.
  • Embodiment (s) of the invention
  • In the 1 to 6 is a filter system 10 shown for engine oil of an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle in different perspectives, sections and detail views.
  • The filter system 10 includes a filter head 12 on which an exchange filter 14 is releasably attached. The filter head 12 is made of metal. The filter head 12 is firmly connected to the internal combustion engine and serves as a connection part for the replaceable filter 14 , The filter head 12 includes an inlet 16 and an outlet 18 for the engine oil. The inlet 16 and the outlet 18 are connected with here not further interesting way with corresponding oil lines of the engine.
  • Furthermore, the filter head has 12 via a head-side connecting part 20 a total of 22 designated, releasable connection means for connecting the replaceable filter 14 with the filter head 12 , The head-side connecting part 20 is made of metal. The head-side connecting part 20 is in a hollow connection cylinder 24 screwed, which integral with the filter head 12 connected is. The connecting cylinder 24 has an internal thread. The connecting cylinder 24 is coaxial with a filter axis 26 , The head-side connecting part 20 Can be used as a separate component to the filter head 12 screwed also be integrally connected with this.
  • In the following, if "axial", "radial", "coaxial" or "circumferential" is mentioned, this refers to the filter axis, unless otherwise stated 26 ,
  • The head-side connecting part 20 has a cylindrical connecting sleeve portion 28 with a to the internal thread of the connecting cylinder 24 matching external thread. With attached replaceable filter 14 is the mating sleeve section 28 also coaxial to the filter axis 26 ,
  • An interior of the connection sleeve section 28 is with the outlet 18 of the filter head 12 connected. At its radially inner peripheral side of the connecting sleeve portion 28 simply graduated. The inner cross-section of the connection sleeve section 28 on the extended, the replaceable filter 14 facing side, is about hexagonal, with the corners are slightly rounded. The inner cross-section of an imaginary inscribed circle on the side of the outlet 18 is smaller than the inner cross section of the connecting sleeve section 28 on the replaceable filter 14 facing side.
  • The connecting cylinder 24 is radially outward of an inlet annulus 30 of the filter head 12 surround.
  • A the replaceable filter 14 facing end face of the connection sleeve portion 28 forms an annular coaxial sealing surface 32 ,
  • The connection sleeve section 28 of the head-side connecting part 20 is radially outward from an outer cylinder section 34 surround. The peripheral wall of the outer cylinder section 34 has approximately the shape of a hollow circular cylinder. The outer cylinder section 34 is coaxial with the filter axis 26 , It extends in the axial direction approximately from the axial center plane of the connection sleeve section 28 towards the change filter 14 facing end face of the connection sleeve portion 28 to. On his the filter head 12 facing side is the outer cylinder section 34 via a radial annular disc section 36 integral with the radially outer peripheral side of the ferrule portion 28 connected.
  • In an annulus 38 between the radially inner peripheral side of the outer cylinder portion 34 and the radially outer peripheral side of the terminal sleeve portion 28 is a plurality of radial connecting walls 40 arranged. The radial connecting walls 40 are each integrally radially outward with the outer cylinder portion 34 radially inward with the ferrule portion 28 and an underside of the radial annular disc section 36 connected. The radial connecting walls 40 each extend radially and axially. They are in the direction of the filter axis 26 considered arranged in a star shape.
  • At the radially outer peripheral side of the outer cylinder portion 34 are a total of three head-end ramp sections 42 arranged. The head-end ramp sections 42 are identical in terms of their dimensions and form. The head-end ramp sections 42 each run with respect to the filter axis 26 helically. A slope direction of the head-side ramp sections 42 corresponds to a known right-hand thread.
  • A closed direction of rotation 43 of the replaceable filter 14 relative to the filter head 12 which in the 1 . 2 . 4 and 6 indicated by an arrow, for closing the connecting device 22 corresponds to that of a known right-hand thread. The closing direction of rotation 43 runs from the replaceable filter 14 on the filter head 12 viewed in the axial direction in a clockwise direction.
  • The head-end ramp sections 42 each extend approximately over a circumferential angle of 240 °. The head-end ramp sections 42 are arranged offset to each other. Two each of the head-side ramp sections 42 overlap each other over half of their circumferential expansions. The beginnings of the head ramp sections 42 are each located on the replaceable filter 14 facing free end face of the outer cylinder section 34 , The ends of the head-end ramp sections 42 are circumferentially respectively, where the contrary to the closing direction 43 considered next but one head-end ramp section 42 starts.
  • Each head-side ramp section 42 consists of two areas. A first area with a respective insertion ramp area 44 extends circumferentially from the beginning of each head-end ramp section 42 until the beginning of the opposite direction of the closing direction 43 considered each next head-end ramp section 42 , The insertion ramp surfaces 44 are from the replaceable filter 14 Viewed in the axial direction freely accessible. They each extend in the radial direction and helically in the circumferential direction. The insertion ramp surfaces 44 each extend in the radial direction over the entire radial wall thickness of the outer cylinder portion 34 ,
  • To the respective insertion ramp surface 44 Each closes an area with a Nutrampenfläche 46 at. The circumferential extent of the insertion ramp surface 44 corresponds to the circumferential extent of Nutrampenflächen 46 , They each extend over a circumferential angle of 120 °. The Nutrampenflächen 46 are located radially on the outside of the outer cylinder section 34 , The areas with the Nutrampenflächen 46 overlap each with the opposite to the closing direction 43 consider the following head-end ramp sections 42 , In each case, the Nutrampenfläche overlaps 46 in the closed direction of rotation 43 considered front head ramp section 42 with the insertion ramp surface 44 the following head-end ramp section 42 , The Nutrampenflächen 46 extend in the radial direction about half the radial wall thickness of the outer cylinder portion 34 , The insertion ramp surfaces 44 go steplessly into the groove ramp areas 46 above. The Nutrampenflächen 46 have the same pitch as the insertion ramp surfaces 44 , The Nutrampenflächen 46 each start in the circumferential direction at the level of the beginning of the respective downstream clockwise ramp section 42 , The Nutrampenflächen 46 ends at the height of the beginning of the circumference in each case the next-to-second head-end ramp section 42 ,
  • The Nutrampenflächen 46 limit a respective ramp groove 48 on one axial side. On the axially opposite side are the Rampennuten 48 each through one of the Einführrampenfläche 42 axially opposite side of the corresponding area of the subsequent head-side ramp section 42 limited. The ramp grooves 48 have a circumferentially constant axial extent. Their radial extent is also constant in the circumferential direction.
  • To the radially outer peripheral side of the outer cylinder portion 34 are three locking elements 50 a total of 52 designated locking device of the connecting device 22 arranged. The locking elements 50 are each integral with the outer cylinder section 34 connected. The locking elements 50 are radial elevations. The locking elements 50 are in the axial direction approximately at the level of the radial annular disk section 36 arranged.
  • The locking elements 50 are each about wedge-like. In one respect to the closing direction 43 the connection device 22 Rear area has each locking element 50 a rising guide surface 54 on. The guide surface 54 is located on the radially outer peripheral side of the locking elements 50 , At the end of the guide surface 54 closes in each case a detent recess 56 at. The radial extent of the locking elements 50 in the area of the detent recess 54 is smaller than in the area of the radially increased end of the guide surface 54 , Each locking element 50 extends circumferentially over a circumferential angle of about 25 ° to 30 °. The transition from the guide surface 54 to the corresponding detent recess 56 is circumferentially approximately at a height with the end of one of the head-side ramp sections 42 and the beginning of the corresponding opposite to the closing direction of rotation 43 considered next to the top of the ramp section 42 ,
  • The connecting cylinder 24 and the head-side connecting part 20 are of a coaxial circular cylindrical outer sealing portion 58 surround. The free end of the outer sealing section 58 is the replaceable filter 14 facing. Its inner cross-section increases towards its free end face. The radially inner peripheral side of the outer sealing portion 58 forms an outer sealing surface 60 ,
  • Furthermore, the filter pot 12 an outer collar 62 on, which is partially coaxial with the filter axis 26 extends and the outer sealing portion 58 radially outside partially surrounds.
  • The replaceable filter 14 Overall, it is designed as a round filter. It is essentially coaxial with the filter axis 26 , The replaceable filter 14 has a filter pot 64 on, in its open side a filter cover 66 is attached. The filter pot 64 has a convex filter bottom 68 ,
  • In the filter pot 64 is a coaxial filter element 70 arranged. The filter element 70 has a zigzag folded, circumferentially closed filter medium 72 , At its end faces is the filter medium 72 in each case tightly with a connecting end disk 74 , in the 1 above, and a counter-end disk 76 , below, connected.
  • The connecting end disk 74 is in detail in the 2 . 5 and 6 shown. It is located on the filter cover 66 facing side of the filter element 70 , The filter medium 72 surrounds an element interior 78 of the filter element 70 , The element interior 78 is located on a clean side of the filter element 70 ,
  • The opposite end disc 76 closes the element interior 78 on the filter bottom 68 facing end face of the filter element 70 , At the bottom of the filter 78 facing outside of the rear end disc 76 Support several spring elements 80 on the other hand, on the spring bottom 68 support.
  • The filter element 70 is radially outward from a raw side annulus 82 surrounded by the radially inner peripheral side of the filter cup 64 is limited.
  • In the element interior 78 extends a coaxial center tube 84 between the opposite end disc 76 and the connecting end disk 74 , A peripheral wall of the center tube 84 is permeable to the engine oil. A radially inner peripheral side, namely radially inner fold edges, of the filter medium 72 rests on the radially outer peripheral side of the central tube 84 from.
  • The connecting end disk 74 has a coaxial outlet opening 86 for the filtered engine oil. On the axially outer side of the connection end disk 74 is integrally a coaxial seal receiving cylinder 88 arranged. A radially inner peripheral side of the seal receiving cylinder 88 is graded. On his the element interior 78 facing away from the seal receiving cylinder 88 a coaxial sealing groove 90 with an annular inner seal 92 on. The inner seal 92 is designed as a flat gasket. With mounted replaceable filter 14 lies the inner seal 92 with her the element interior 78 opposite side close to the sealing surface 32 of the connection sleeve section 28 of the head-side connecting part 20 at. The inner seal 92 acts in the axial direction. The inner seal 92 separates a raw side of the filter element 70 , radially outside of the seal receiving cylinder 88 , close to a clean side, radially inside the seal receiver cylinder 88 , The smallest inner radius of the seal receiving cylinder 88 corresponds approximately to the inner radius of an imaginary inscribed circle of the connecting sleeve section 28 on his querschnittserweiterten page.
  • Radially outside is the seal receiving cylinder 88 with support elements 94 against the radially extending portion of the terminal end disk 74 supported. The support elements 94 each extend radially and axially. On the radially inner peripheral side of the seal receiving portion 88 are also inner support elements 96 provided, which a ring portion of the seal receiving cylinder 88 who has the sealing groove 90 radially inward surrounds, supports.
  • The filter cover 66 has the shape of a ring with an approximately rectangular profile. The filter cover 66 is made of metal. The filter cover 66 has one to the filter axis 26 coaxial receiving opening 98 on for receiving the outer cylinder section 34 of the head-side connecting part 20 , Within the radially outer edge of the filter cover 66 is at the bottom of the filter 68 facing away from a coaxial annular groove 100 arranged for receiving a cover sheet ring 102 , Radial between the ring groove 100 and the receiving opening 98 is a variety of continuous inlet channels 104 arranged. The inlet channels 104 each extend parallel to the filter axis 46 , They connect the inlet ring space 30 of the filter head 12 with the interior of the filter pot 64 , respectively the raw side annulus 82 ,
  • At the radially inner peripheral side of the filter cover 66 are three filter-sided ramp sections 106 arranged. The filter-side ramp sections 106 each extend from the radially inner peripheral side of the filter cover 66 radially inward. The filter-side ramp sections 106 are essentially identical in their extent and their circumferential course. The filter-side ramp sections 106 each extend, analogous to the head-side ramp sections 42 , helical with respect to the filter axis 26 , Their gradients correspond to those of the head-end ramp sections 42 , The filter-side ramp sections 106 each extend with respect to the filter axis 26 over a circumferential angle of 120 °. The filter-side ramp sections 106 do not overlap. The beginnings of the filter-side ramp section 106 are located on the interior of the filter pot 64 opposite axial side. Viewed circumferentially is the beginning of each filter-side ramp section 106 at one level with the end of the in closing direction 43 previous filter-side ramp section 106 , The axial heights of the filter-side ramp sections 106 are circumferentially constant. They correspond to the axial heights of the ramp grooves 48 the head-end ramp sections 42 , The filter-side ramp sections 106 and the receiving opening 98 make a total of a filter-side connection part 108 the connection device 22 ,
  • At the interior of the filter pot 64 facing away from the outside of the filter cover 66 are three detent spring elements 110 arranged. The detent spring elements 110 are parts of the locking device 52 , The detent spring elements 110 each have a holding section 112 , The holding section 112 is radially between the annular groove 100 and the receiving opening 98 integral with the filter cover 66 connected. A respective spring arm section 114 the detent spring elements 110 is integral with the holding section 112 connected. The spring arm sections 114 are in the closed direction of rotation 43 considered in each case at the front of the holding sections 112 , The spring arm sections 114 extend circumferentially each over a circumferential angle of about 30 °. The spring arm sections 114 can at the holding sections 112 be bent in the radial direction resiliently outward. At her the holding sections 112 each remote from the free end go the Federarmabschnitte 114 each in a catch 116 above. The locking lugs 116 extend radially inward. The catch 116 are each on the same peripheral side as a beginning of one of the filter-side latching sections 106 and an end of the respective previous filter-side ramp section 106 ,
  • The cover sheet ring 102 has a multiply bent profile. With its radially outer peripheral side, it is by means of a flared connection 120 firmly with a free edge of the filter pot 64 connected. Radial inside the flare connection 120 has the cover sheet ring 102 an approximately rectangular, circumferentially closed extending first bending section. In the region of the first bending section, the cover sheet ring forms 102 on his the filter cover 66 facing side a collar 122 in the ring groove 100 the filter cover 66 intervenes.
  • On the filter cover 66 facing away outside of the cover sheet ring 102 realized the collar 122 a receiving groove 124 for the outer sealing section 58 of the filter head 12 ,
  • The radially inner peripheral side of the cover sheet metal ring 102 is bent into a U-shaped profile, the opening pointing radially outward. The U-shaped profile includes a coaxial, circumferentially closed sealing groove 126 , In the sealing groove 126 is an outer seal 128 arranged. The outer seal 128 is an O-ring seal. The outer seal 128 acts in the radial direction.
  • At his the filter cover 66 axially facing inner edge, the cover sheet ring 102 circumferentially distributed a plurality of notches 130 on.
  • With mounted replaceable filter 14 lies the outer seal 128 close to the outer sealing surface 60 of the outer sealing section 58 at. The outer seal 128 separates the raw side of the filter element 70 , respectively the inlet annulus 30 , from the surroundings 132 ,
  • To connect to the filter head 12 becomes the replaceable filter 14 with the filter cover 66 advancing axially to a connection axis, which in the embodiment with the filter axis 26 coincides, in a plug-in movement initially to the head-side connecting part 20 of the filter head 12 moved. The outer cylinder section 34 gets into the receiving opening 98 the filter cover 66 plugged in until the filter-side ramp sections 106 axially on the insertion ramp surfaces 44 the head-end ramp sections 42 nudge. The outer sealing section 58 is located axially away from the outer seal 128 ,
  • With a rotary movement of the exchange cylinder 14 in closing direction 43 becomes the filter-side connection part 108 in the head-side connecting part 20 screwed. In this case, the filter-side ramp sections engage 106 each in one of the Rampennuten 48 one. After a rotation angle of 60 ° from the beginning of the immersion of the filter-side ramp sections 106 into the ramp grooves 48 begins the outer seal 128 on the outer sealing surface 60 of the outer sealing section 58 to rest and will continue to turn the replaceable filter 14 guided in the cross-sectional widened entrance area.
  • After a further rotation of 60 °, they hit in the closed direction of rotation 43 front ends of the filter-side ramp sections 160 at the rear ends of the ramp grooves 48 at. The ends of the ramp grooves 48 form stops, with which in the closed state of the connecting device 22 further rotation of the replaceable filter 14 is prevented.
  • In the closed state of the connection device 22 lies the inner seal 92 tight and compressed in the axial direction at the sealing surface 32 of the connection sleeve section 28 at.
  • In a final phase of the closing movement also encounter the locking lugs 116 the spring arm sections 114 the detent spring elements 110 in each case in the direction of closing 43 rear ends of the guide surfaces 54 the locking elements 50 at. During further rotation of the replaceable filter 14 in closing direction 43 become the catch noses 116 at the guide surfaces 54 guided. In the closed state of the connection device 22 snap the locking lugs 116 each in the locking recesses 56 the locking elements 50 one. When locking the locking lugs 116 a perceptible noise is generated.
  • The latched detents 116 complicate the opening of the connecting device 22 by turning the exchange cylinder 14 contrary to the closing direction of rotation 43 , Furthermore, the compressed inner seal complicates 92 due to the friction, the opening of the connecting device 22 ,
  • Removing the replaceable filter 14 from the filter head 12 is done by turning the replaceable filter 14 contrary to the closing direction of rotation 43 , First, the spring force of the spring sections 114 and the frictional force between the inner gasket 92 and the sealing surface 32 be overcome.
  • When operating the filter system 10 is to be filtered engine oil through the inlet 16 of the filter head 12 the inlet annulus 30 fed. From there, the engine oil passes through the intake ports 104 in the raw side annulus 82 of the replaceable filter 14 , The motor oil to be filtered flows through the filter medium 72 from radially outside to radially inside and is cleaned. The cleaned engine oil leaves the element interior 78 through the outlet opening 86 and enters the interior of the ferrule portion 28 , From there, the cleaned engine oil flows into the outlet 18 of the filter head 12 and leaves the filtration system 10 ,

Claims (9)

  1. Filter device ( 10 ) for fluid, in particular liquid, in particular oil, fuel, water, urea solution, or gas, in particular air, in particular an internal combustion engine, in particular a motor vehicle, - with a filter head ( 12 ), which at least one inlet ( 16 ), at least one procedure ( 18 ) for the fluid and a head-side connecting part ( 20 ) one by means of a plug and rotary movement with respect. A connecting axis ( 26 ) closable and detachable connection device ( 22 ) for an exchangeable filter ( 14 ), and - the replaceable filter ( 14 ) a filter-side connecting part ( 108 ) of the connection device ( 22 ), which with the head-side connecting part ( 20 ) can be releasably connected, - the connecting device ( 22 ) at least one with respect to the connection axis ( 26 ) circumferential outer seal ( 128 ), which on the side of the replaceable filter ( 14 ) and that of the filter-side connecting part ( 108 ) and the head-side connecting part ( 20 ) is separated, characterized in that - the circumferential outer seal ( 128 ) between the filter head ( 12 ) and the replaceable filter ( 14 ) only radially with respect to the connecting axis ( 26 ) and a fluid-carrying space ( 30 ) of the filter device ( 10 ) from the surroundings ( 132 ), and - the circumferential outer seal ( 128 ) in a seal receiver ( 126 ) is arranged, which by a radially outwardly open sealing groove ( 126 ) of the replaceable filter ( 14 ) is formed.
  2. Filter device according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one outer seal ( 128 ) is an O-ring seal.
  3. Filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that on the side of the filter head ( 12 ) a corresponding sealing surface ( 60 ) is arranged, with which the at least one outer seal ( 128 ) can cooperate sealingly.
  4. Filter device according to claim 3, characterized in that the sealing surface ( 60 ) at a corresponding outer sealing section ( 58 ) on the side of the filter head ( 12 ) is arranged.
  5. Filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least a first of the connecting parts ( 20 ) at least two with respect to the connection axis ( 26 ) helically extending first ramp sections ( 42 ) and the second connecting part ( 108 ) at least two with respect to the connection axis ( 26 ) helically extending second ramp sections ( 106 ), which at least for closing the connecting device ( 22 ) are guided together.
  6. Filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the connecting device ( 22 ) at least one locking device ( 52 ) has at least one head-side locking part ( 50 ) and at least one filter-side locking part ( 110 ), which in the closed position of the connecting device ( 22 ) can enter together with each other an unlockable connection.
  7. Filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the connecting device ( 22 ) at least one with respect to the connection axis ( 26 ) circumferential inner seal ( 92 ), which between the filter head ( 12 ) and the replaceable filter ( 14 ) at least axially with respect to. The connection axis ( 26 ) and a raw side ( 82 ) of the replaceable filter ( 14 ) from a clean side ( 78 ) can separate.
  8. Filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a course of ramp sections ( 42 . 106 ) of the connecting parts ( 20 . 108 ) so to an arrangement of the at least one outer seal ( 128 ) is adapted, that the at least one outer seal ( 128 ) when closing the connection device ( 22 ) by means of a plug-in and rotary movement during an early closing phase, in which second ramp sections ( 106 ) in a respective initial region of ramp grooves ( 48 ) of first ramp sections ( 42 ) of the first connection part ( 20 ) are located axially outside one of two sealing sections ( 58 . 126 ) between which they are in the closed position of the connecting device ( 22 ) seals in the radial direction, and during a later closing phase in which the second ramp sections ( 106 ) in a respective end region of the ramp grooves ( 48 ), between the two sealing sections ( 58 . 126 ) is compressed.
  9. Exchange filter ( 14 ) a filter device ( 10 ) for fluid, in particular liquid, in particular oil, fuel, water, urea solution, or gas, in particular air, in particular an internal combustion engine, in particular a motor vehicle, a filter-side connecting part ( 108 ) one by means of a plug and rotary movement with respect. A connecting axis ( 26 ) closable and detachable connection device ( 22 ), which with a head-side connecting part ( 20 ) of a filter head ( 12 ) of the filter device ( 10 ) can be releasably connected, the connecting device ( 22 ) at least one with respect to the connection axis ( 26 ) circumferential outer seal ( 128 ), which on the side of the replaceable filter ( 14 ) and of the connecting parts ( 20 . 108 ) is separated, characterized in that - by means of the circumferential outer seal ( 128 ) between the filter head ( 12 ) and the replaceable filter ( 14 ) only radially with respect to the connecting axis ( 26 ) is sealable and a fluid-carrying space ( 30 ) of the filter device ( 10 ) from the surroundings ( 132 ) is separable, and - the replaceable filter ( 14 ) a sealing groove ( 126 ), which is open radially outward, in which the circumferential outer seal ( 128 ) is arranged.
DE102013011616.3A 2013-07-12 2013-07-12 Filter device for fluid and replaceable filter Active DE102013011616B4 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102013011616.3A DE102013011616B4 (en) 2013-07-12 2013-07-12 Filter device for fluid and replaceable filter

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102013011616.3A DE102013011616B4 (en) 2013-07-12 2013-07-12 Filter device for fluid and replaceable filter
PCT/EP2014/064558 WO2015004114A2 (en) 2013-07-12 2014-07-08 Filter device for fluid and replaceable filter

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE102013011616A1 DE102013011616A1 (en) 2015-01-15
DE102013011616B4 true DE102013011616B4 (en) 2016-12-15

Family

ID=52107059

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE102013011616.3A Active DE102013011616B4 (en) 2013-07-12 2013-07-12 Filter device for fluid and replaceable filter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE102013011616B4 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4832844A (en) * 1986-06-05 1989-05-23 Ayers William R Seal for a spin-on filter
EP0830885A1 (en) * 1996-09-21 1998-03-25 Lucas Industries Public Limited Company Filer assembly
US6023834A (en) * 1992-06-29 2000-02-15 Fleetwood, Inc. Method for assembling an improved bead-lock high-pressure filter utilizing a stamped metal cover
EP1669121A2 (en) * 2004-12-07 2006-06-14 Mann+Hummel Gmbh Liquid filter
DE102009035683A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Mann+Hummel Gmbh Filter

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4832844A (en) * 1986-06-05 1989-05-23 Ayers William R Seal for a spin-on filter
US6023834A (en) * 1992-06-29 2000-02-15 Fleetwood, Inc. Method for assembling an improved bead-lock high-pressure filter utilizing a stamped metal cover
EP0830885A1 (en) * 1996-09-21 1998-03-25 Lucas Industries Public Limited Company Filer assembly
EP1669121A2 (en) * 2004-12-07 2006-06-14 Mann+Hummel Gmbh Liquid filter
DE102009035683A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Mann+Hummel Gmbh Filter

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE102013011616A1 (en) 2015-01-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10213715B2 (en) Fluid filter with localized flow attachment
US20180326334A1 (en) Spin-on filter with external threads and methods
US8932465B2 (en) Filter cartridge having a filter within a filter, and an endplate sealing structure on an outer filter element
EP2542322B1 (en) Filter device
DE60211323T2 (en) Fuel filter with circulator valve
JP5775944B2 (en) Filter with discharge mechanism
US6936169B2 (en) Liquid filter, especially an oil filter
CA2700363C (en) Filter cartridge housing attachment systems
CA2444985C (en) Spin-on filter element and filter head
ES2294163T3 (en) Oil filter apparatus
DE112009002126B4 (en) Filter structure with an elliptical sealing interface
EP1674142B1 (en) Fluid filter with a drain mechanism
US9914079B2 (en) Filter system for filtering fluids
US10105626B2 (en) Sealing device of a filter system for filtering fluids
DE602006000380T2 (en) Oil filter with automatic draining
ES2221319T3 (en) Oil filter cartridge.
EP0314915B1 (en) Filter for the purification of lubricating oil
US7070692B2 (en) Fuel filter with keys
JP5065568B2 (en) Filter system and filter member
US5928511A (en) Oil filter with housing drain channel
US7918997B2 (en) Filter system
CA2387017C (en) Keyed latch valve for fuel filter
EP1879676B1 (en) Filter cartridge and mounting system with keyed mounting means
EP1177826A1 (en) Replaceable filter cartridge with support member, liquid filter with that filter cartridge
DE102010047491A1 (en) Filter insert and filter device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
R012 Request for examination validly filed
R409 Internal rectification of the legal status completed
R118 Application deemed withdrawn due to claim for domestic priority
R409 Internal rectification of the legal status completed
R016 Response to examination communication
R018 Grant decision by examination section/examining division
R020 Patent grant now final
R081 Change of applicant/patentee

Owner name: MANN+HUMMEL GMBH, DE

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: MANN + HUMMEL GMBH, 71638 LUDWIGSBURG, DE