DE102012220806A1 - Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle, in multi-jointed construction - Google Patents

Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle, in multi-jointed construction

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Publication number
DE102012220806A1
DE102012220806A1 DE102012220806.2A DE102012220806A DE102012220806A1 DE 102012220806 A1 DE102012220806 A1 DE 102012220806A1 DE 102012220806 A DE102012220806 A DE 102012220806A DE 102012220806 A1 DE102012220806 A1 DE 102012220806A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
area
entry
mm
intermediate level
ramp
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
DE102012220806.2A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Gerald Newesely
Michael Fischer
Michael Petto
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bombardier Transportation GmbH
Original Assignee
Bombardier Transportation GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bombardier Transportation GmbH filed Critical Bombardier Transportation GmbH
Priority to DE102012220806.2A priority Critical patent/DE102012220806A1/en
Publication of DE102012220806A1 publication Critical patent/DE102012220806A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D17/00Construction details of vehicle bodies
    • B61D17/04Construction details of vehicle bodies with bodies of metal; with composite, e.g. metal and wood body structures
    • B61D17/10Floors

Abstract

The invention relates to a commuter rail vehicle, preferably a low-floor undercarriage vehicle (1) in a multi-articulated construction, with undercarriages with usual center distances and entry areas with a low entry height of up to 250 mm, and one between the driver's cab (2) and the first axle (3) of the low-floor vehicle in the front first entry area (4) arranged multifunctional surface (5), the multifunctional surface (5) being formed by a horizontal intermediate level (5.1), which has a predominantly horizontal surface, as well as transverse and longitudinal ramps (5.2, 5.3) and one Gusset area (5.4), which have inclinations from the level above the physical axes (3) towards the intermediate level (5.1) or from the intermediate level (5.1) towards the boarding area (4).

Description

  • The invention relates to a Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle, in multi-joint construction with chassis with conventional center distances and entry areas with a low entrance height of up to 250 mm and a arranged between the cab and the first axis of the low-floor vehicle in the front first entry area multi-functional area for wheelchair users according to the preamble of claim 1, wherein the multifunctional surface is formed from a horizontal intermediate level.
  • For the passengers, barrier-free access is required for 100% low-floor vehicles. This also includes a moderate vertical gap at the entry area between the entry edge of the vehicle and the platform edge. In addition, there is a claim to realize wheelchair user-friendly surfaces with the widest possible access to as flat as possible roadways, which offer generous, light space and a recommended turning area for these purposes.
  • The operators demand the simplest suspension technology in terms of low wear and ease of maintenance of vehicles. There is a desire for harmonious coordination between the infrastructure at the stops, mainly the platforms, and the entry situation on the vehicle by means of simple technology, ideally without the use of additional aids such as level control on the vehicle, lifts or folding ramps for boarding wheelchair users at the platforms.
  • Railway vehicles with multipurpose compartments arranged directly behind the driver's cab are known from the prior art, which are accessible via additional aids such as lifting platforms or folding ramps for wheelchair users. Likewise, multi-purpose compartments are known, which are indeed accessible without tools, but are not designed to be fully wheelchair accessible. However, so far no solutions are known, according to which a correspondingly low entry without additional aids a wheelchair user dimensioned multi-purpose area can be reached.
  • The term "suitable for wheelchairs" characterizes the accessibility of the multi-functional area immediately adjacent to the driver's cab by means of wide entry and passage areas at the front first entry and the surfaces and the routes that lead to this area, which have particularly low inclinations and a clear width, the allows the wheelchair user a free turning of the wheelchair.
  • An entry level smaller than 250 mm is currently achieved worldwide only by a vehicle concept, which is not designed as a multi-steering architecture with conventional suspension technology, the high degree of complexity of the wheel and drive assembly causes operational wear and tear as well as a higher maintenance costs.
  • So far, it has not been possible to provide a wheelchair user fully usable multi-functional area, immediately adjacent to the cab and the front first entry at entry heights <250 mm, preferably 200 mm, which allows entry without additional aids such as lifts or folding ramps , In particular entry heights <250 mm, preferably 200 mm, can be realized only by particularly complex and extremely complex special designs of wheels and wheel controls, but in the life cycle enormous disadvantages due to high wear on the wheel-rail interface and consequent high maintenance and Cause maintenance costs.
  • At present, in vehicle concepts with conventional suspension technology with conventional center distances and smallest wheel diameters of 500 mm to achieve low entry heights in combination with wheelchair user-friendly multifunctional surfaces, three solution variants are used: on the one hand tries to make the entry heights on the vehicle greater than or equal to 250 mm, creating a good Adjustment to platform heights is achieved by 250 mm, so that the level of equalization between floor level immediately at the entrance and multi-functional areas to the floor level above the chassis by ramps with small, maximum 8% amounts inclinations occurs. On the other hand, independent of the load state, largely constant entry level is achieved by means of level control, thus eliminating or at least a significant reduction of the ramp landscape in the vehicle interior is made possible.
  • According to another known concept, ramp landscapes are introduced into the vehicle that exceed 8% by far in order to overcome the height difference of the floor level in the landing gear module to multifunctional surfaces immediately adjacent to the driver's cab and from there to the entry edge.
  • The object of the present invention is to improve the entry-level situations known from the prior art in 100% low-floor multi-gyro vehicles, in particular for wheelchair users, and to provide a multi-function area suitable for wheelchair users. By the introduction of an intermediate level according to the invention in conventional multi-gyro vehicles, a multi-function area suitable for wheelchair users is made available in the area behind the driver's cab, which is characterized by a low entrance height and a wide entry area.
  • The horizontal intermediate level has a horizontal area of about 1.1 m 2 and has transverse and longitudinal ramps and a gusset area, the ramps and the gusset area being inclined from the level above the physical axes towards the intermediate level and from the intermediate level in the direction Boarding. Advantageously, the intermediate level has an area for a predominantly horizontal wheelchair turning circle of at least 1500 mm, the entrance and the access path to the intermediate level having a width of at least 1000 mm. The predominant horizontal portion of the area of the wheelchair turning circle in the total area of the turning circle of 1500 mm diameter is 55.6%. According to a particular feature of the invention, it is provided that the maximum ramp inclination of the access path from the entrance, transversely to the direction of travel, ie the transverse ramp, and in the vehicle longitudinal axis, ie the longitudinal ramp, a maximum of 7% or 4 °. According to a further feature, it is provided that the maximum ramp inclination of the access path from the entrance, transversely to the direction of travel, ie the transverse ramp, 7% or 4 ° and in the vehicle longitudinal axis, ie the longitudinal ramp, a maximum of 5% or 3 °. Together, the two ramps amount to less than 7% or 4 ° inclination amounting to 43.8% of the wheelchair reversal circle of 1500 mm diameter.
  • It is further provided that the wheelchair turning circle is penetrated to a small extent by the areas for the transverse and longitudinal ramps, this penetration area comprising predominantly ramp inclinations of a maximum of 7% or 4 °, whereby the penetration area leads to a small extent ramp inclinations of a maximum of 25%. or 14 °. The proportion of this, greater than 7% but in any case less than 25% amount of part of the turning circle on the total surface of the turning circle of 1500 mm diameter is about 0.6%. Such inclinations are preferably provided in the entry area. Advantageously, it is also provided that the entry height in the entry area is less than 250 mm, preferably 200 to 220 mm.
  • The present invention makes it possible to set up a multifunctional area which can be used without restriction for wheelchair users, directly adjacent to the driver's cab, in 100% low-floor multi-articulated vehicles of modular construction, with an unusually low entry level of less than 250 mm, preferably 200 mm. Here, a completely new entry-level situation for wheelchair users in the form of a multi-functional surface is proposed, which manages directly behind the driver's cab of a 100% low-floor articulated vehicle with conventional suspension technology with particularly low entry heights of less than 250 mm above rail level without the use of additional boarding aids such as folding ramps or lifts.
  • The invention will be explained in more detail with reference to the embodiments illustrated in the drawings. The drawings show schematically and not to scale
  • 1 a schematic view of a 100% low-floor Multigelenksfahrzeuges with conventional suspension,
  • 2 FIG. 2 a schematic view of a sectional view of an exemplary arrangement of a wheelchair user-compatible multifunctional surface; FIG.
  • 3 1 is a plan view of a schematic view of an exemplary arrangement of a wheelchair user-friendly multifunctional surface;
  • 4 FIG. 2 a schematic view of a sectional view of an exemplary arrangement of a wheelchair user-compatible multifunctional surface; FIG.
  • 5 1 is a further schematic view of a sectional representation of an exemplary arrangement of a wheelchair user-compatible multifunctional surface;
  • 6 1 is a further schematic view of a sectional representation of an exemplary arrangement of a wheelchair user-compatible multifunctional surface;
  • 6a the multifunctional surface 5 in a precise percentage breakdown.
  • The 1 shows a 100% low-floor Multigehnksfahrzeug using conventional suspensions with conventional center distances, axle sets and idler gears on portal axles with different drive concepts and idler gears in independent suspension in different drive concepts, the smallest wheel diameter (eg crazy state) does not fall below 500 mm and how 2 visible, a wheelchair user-friendly multifunctional surface 5 plus access through entrance doors 4 immediately between the first axis 3 and the driver's cab 2 is arranged.
  • The entry height at the door entry edge of approx. 200 mm, in any case <250 mm above the top of the rail (üSOK), is intended to enable wheelchair users to enter the vehicle on particularly flat platforms or even from the rail level in the case of 100% low-floor multi-girder vehicles. The multifunctional surface 5 will be like in the 2 and 3 represented by a horizontal intermediate level 5.1 formed, which has a predominantly horizontal surface. Next are transverse and longitudinal ramps 5.2 . 5.3 which are about inclinations from the level above the physical axes towards the intermediate level 5.1 or from the intermediate level 5.1 in the direction of the entry area 4 feature. The intermediate level ( 5.1 ) covers an area of approximately 1.1 m 2 for a predominantly horizontal wheelchair turning circle of at least 1500 mm and the entry area 4 as well as the access route to the intermediate level 5.1 has a width of at least 1000 mm. The maximum ramp slopes of the access route from the boarding area 4 off, transverse to the direction of travel, ie the transverse ramp 5.2 as well as in vehicle longitudinal axis, ie the longitudinal ramp 5.3 amount to a maximum of 7% or 4 °. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention according to the 4 and 5 the maximum ramp inclinations of the access path are from the entry area, transversely to the direction of travel, ie the transverse ramp 5.2 7% or 4 ° and in vehicle longitudinal axis, ie the longitudinal ramp 5.3 maximum 5% or 3 °. The wheelchair reversal circuit can to a lesser extent of the areas for the transverse and longitudinal ramps 5.2 . 5.3 be penetrated, this penetration range mainly ramp inclinations of a maximum of 7% or 4 °. The penetration area can also be a gusset area to a negligible extent 5.4 with a ramp inclination of at most 25% and 14 ° respectively, with such inclinations preferably in the direction of the boarding area 4 are provided, which from the 5 becomes clear.
  • In the 6 and 6a we use the multifunctional surface 5 shown in a detailed breakdown. 55.6% of the area is a flat area 5.1 executed, 29.4% are as longitudinal ramp 5.3 with a maximum inclination of 5% or 3 ° and 14.3% of the area as a transverse ramp 5.2 with a slope of 7% or 4 °.

Claims (6)

  1. Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle ( 1 ) in multi-joint construction with chassis with conventional center distances and entry areas with a low entry height of up to 250 mm and one between the driver's cab ( 2 ) and the first axis ( 3 ) of the low-floor vehicle in the front first entry area ( 4 ) arranged multifunctional surface ( 5 ), characterized in that the multifunctional surface ( 5 ) by a horizontal intermediate level ( 5.1 ) is formed, which has a predominantly horizontal surface and transverse and longitudinal ramps ( 5.2 . 5.3 ) and a gusset area ( 5.4 ), which have inclinations from the level above the physical axes ( 3 ) towards the intermediate level ( 5.1 ) or from the intermediate level ( 5.1 ) in the direction of the entry area ( 4 ) feature.
  2. A local rail vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the intermediate level ( 5.1 ) forms an area for a predominantly horizontal wheelchair turning circle of at least 1500 mm, the horizontal area being approximately 1.1 m 2 and the access area ( 4 ) and the access route to the intermediate level ( 5.1 ) have a width of at least 1000 mm.
  3. A local rail vehicle according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the wheelchair reversal circle to a small extent from the areas for the transverse and longitudinal ramps ( 5.2 . 5.3 ), this penetrating area mainly comprising ramp inclinations of at most 7% and 4 °, respectively.
  4. A local rail vehicle according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the wheelchair reversal circle to a small extent from the areas for the transverse and longitudinal ramps ( 5.2 . 5.3 ), wherein, the maximum ramp inclination of the access path from the entry area, transversely to the direction of travel, ie the transverse ramp ( 5.2 ) 7% or 4 ° and in the vehicle's longitudinal axis, ie the longitudinal ramp ( 5.3 ) is a maximum of 5% or 3 °.
  5. Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the penetration area to a particularly small part of a gusset area ( 5.4 ) with ramp inclinations of not more than 25% or 14 °.
  6. Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug according to one of the above claims, characterized in that the entry level in the area of entry ( 4 ) is less than 250 mm, preferably 200 to 220 mm.
DE102012220806.2A 2012-11-14 2012-11-14 Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle, in multi-jointed construction Pending DE102012220806A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102012220806.2A DE102012220806A1 (en) 2012-11-14 2012-11-14 Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle, in multi-jointed construction

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102012220806.2A DE102012220806A1 (en) 2012-11-14 2012-11-14 Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle, in multi-jointed construction
EP13192716.2A EP2733039B1 (en) 2012-11-14 2013-11-13 Local traffic rail vehicle, preferably low floor suspension vehicle, in multi-joint construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE102012220806A1 true DE102012220806A1 (en) 2014-05-15

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE102012220806.2A Pending DE102012220806A1 (en) 2012-11-14 2012-11-14 Nahverkehrsschienenfahrzeug, preferably low-floor chassis vehicle, in multi-jointed construction

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2733039B1 (en)
DE (1) DE102012220806A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104228861A (en) * 2014-09-22 2014-12-24 南车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 Installing process of railway-vehicle sloped bottom-frame built-in structure

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007074145A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-07-05 Bombardier Transportation Gmbh Convertible rail vehicle

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1130296A (en) * 1912-09-23 1915-03-02 Pearl N Jones Passenger-car.
FR2734535B1 (en) * 1995-05-22 1997-07-25 Alstom Ddf Articulated rail transportation device with a motorized central ring
EP1171336B1 (en) * 1999-04-22 2004-09-22 Bombardier Transportation Austria GmbH &amp; Co. KG Rail vehicle
DE602005016699D1 (en) * 2005-11-17 2009-10-29 Bombardier Transp Gmbh Vehicle with two access levels and free passage for a wheelchair between these entrances
FR2928601B1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2011-09-09 Alstom Transport Sa Railway vehicle car facilitating access to travelers with reduced mobility

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007074145A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-07-05 Bombardier Transportation Gmbh Convertible rail vehicle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104228861A (en) * 2014-09-22 2014-12-24 南车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 Installing process of railway-vehicle sloped bottom-frame built-in structure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2733039B1 (en) 2020-01-08
EP2733039A1 (en) 2014-05-21

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