DE102012213080A1 - Device and method for equipping containers - basic machine - Google Patents

Device and method for equipping containers - basic machine

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Publication number
DE102012213080A1
DE102012213080A1 DE102012213080.2A DE102012213080A DE102012213080A1 DE 102012213080 A1 DE102012213080 A1 DE 102012213080A1 DE 102012213080 A DE102012213080 A DE 102012213080A DE 102012213080 A1 DE102012213080 A1 DE 102012213080A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
device
containers
equipment
container
characterized
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
DE102012213080.2A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Andreas Sonnauer
Andreas Kraus
August Peutl
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Krones AG
Original Assignee
Krones AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Krones AG filed Critical Krones AG
Priority to DE102012213080.2A priority Critical patent/DE102012213080A1/en
Publication of DE102012213080A1 publication Critical patent/DE102012213080A1/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/407Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for marking on special material
    • B41J3/4073Printing on three-dimensional objects not being in sheet or web form, e.g. spherical or cubic objects

Abstract

The invention relates to a system (100) for equipping containers, in particular containers filled with liquid, in particular plastic, glass or metal containers, comprising at least two equipment devices (101, 102, 103), of which at least one equipment device is a printing device, and at least one distribution device (104) for transporting and distributing containers to be equipped supplied to the system (100), characterized in that the distribution device (104) can distribute the containers to the equipment devices (101, 102, 103).

Description

  • State of the art
  • The invention relates to a system specified in the preamble of claim 1. Art and a method specified in the preamble of claim 23 Art.
  • Currently, containers, e.g. Plastic containers, in particular bottles of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), in the food or pharmaceutical industry for labeling predominantly by means of labels, which are applied by means of labeling or labeling on the container.
  • In the future, however, the containers to be marked could be printed, for example, by means of ink / inks, ie the label including the adhesive can be dispensed with. This can be done for example by the screen printing process, such as in the DE102004018189 described.
  • If you choose another suitable printing technology for printing, you get more advantages over the classically applied label or the known screen printing process.
  • In this case, for example, digital ink jet printing process (digital ink jet) may be mentioned, in particular with drop-on-demand (DOD) technology, in which instead of a continuous ink jet only as needed, individual ink drops can be fired. An apparatus for printing on containers by ink-jet printing method, for example, in DE102009013477B4 described.
  • Digital inkjet printing processes can advantageously offer increased design freedom in the design of the printing as well as a reduction or elimination of resources such as printing plates, films, developers, chemicals, fixing tapes, etc.
  • Current equipment, however, lacks, inter alia, e.g. sufficient flexibility in terms of possible operating modes, configurable bucket geometries, and extensibility.
  • task
  • It is therefore an object of the invention to improve a system for equipping liquid-filled containers, in particular plastic bottles or glass bottles or cans, in particular with regard to the operating options, flexibility and efficiency.
  • solution
  • This is achieved according to the invention by a system according to claim 1 and a method according to claim 23. Advantageous embodiments and further developments are the subject of the dependent claims.
  • In this case, a system for equipping containers, in particular liquid-filled containers, in particular plastic, glass or metal containers, but also containers made of composite materials, at least two equipment devices, of which at least one equipment device is a printing device, and at least one distributor device for the Having transport and the distribution of Auszustattenden containers supplied from the system, and be configured so that the distribution device can distribute the containers on the equipment devices.
  • An equipment device, in addition to a printing device, may for example also be a labeling device and / or pretreatment unit, and / or an aftertreatment unit, and / or an alignment unit and / or a control unit, for containers to be equipped or to be treated.
  • The possibility of such a described system for equipping containers with more than one equipment, e.g. with two printing devices, among other things, offers the advantage of redundancy, e.g. in the event of failure, maintenance or cleaning operations of equipment devices, it is not absolutely necessary to completely interrupt the equipment process of the containers.
  • An inventive system may also advantageously allow any combination of treatment or equipment processes.
  • It should be noted here that the transport and distribution of containers to be provided by the system through the distribution device include the possibility that the distribution device can also remove the treated containers from the system and forward them to other process steps.
  • The distribution device may, for example, continuously transport the containers. It is likewise possible for the distributor device to clock containers individually or to transport and distribute them in groups in a timed manner.
  • The equipment devices can also be operated continuously or clocked and equip containers individually or in groups.
  • A system according to the invention may have at least one transfer device for transferring the containers from the distribution device to the equipment device.
  • Each equipment device can also have its own transport system for container transport or container handling. This possible transport system can be designed, for example, as a rotary or chain transport and can be connected either directly or via optional additional transfer devices to the distribution device. The optional additional transfer devices may again be transport stars, transport chains, belt transports or the like. Such transfer devices may e.g. also within an equipment device, which in turn may have a number of equipment stations / equipment slots, are used.
  • A transfer device arranged between distributor device and equipment device can, for example, also be designed as an interface between continuous and clocked container transport. In this case, a transfer device, e.g. have a transfer device of the distributor device, external and / or internal gripper, and be configured so that containers can be fed by basehandling and / or body handling and / or neck handling of the equipment (s).
  • The distributor device and / or the transfer device and / or the equipment devices can be equipped with a plurality of container receptacles which can convey the containers to be treated / equipped individually and preferably at a defined distance from one another. In particular, for example, the container receptacles or at least the storage of the container receptacles of the distributor device and / or the transfer device and / or the equipment device can be arranged at equidistant intervals along a circumference / the length of the respective device.
  • However, the distances of the container receptacles may differ from device to device. For example, the distances in the equipment device can be made larger than the distance of the container receptacles in the distributor device, because between the container receptacles, e.g. still a housing or shielding can be arranged, which e.g. allows the treatment / equipment of a container without disturbing or affecting the treatment / equipment of any adjacent container.
  • In the distribution device and / or the transfer device and / or the equipment so a distance during transport of individual containers or a container receiving associated holding means such as brackets, turntables, centering, internal transport spikes, etc., can be changed, the holding means itself also be mobile.
  • Thus, at times or even in areas, a change in distance between containers can be achieved, which can be advantageous if e.g. a transfer from a continuous transport to a timed transport takes place.
  • By the way, container treatment, for example alignment and / or cleaning and / or checking, can not only take place in the equipment device but also in the distributor device and / or in the transfer device.
  • An inventive system for providing containers may further comprise means for changing and / or maintaining the orientation of the containers during transport and / or transfer between a distributor device and an equipment device.
  • The distributor device and / or an equipment device can be designed as a concentricity device and / or linear device and / or linear-parallel device or as a combination of said execution geometries.
  • In this case, the drive system of the distributor device may include at least one servo drive and / or a direct drive.
  • The distribution apparatus may be configured to clock the at least two equipment devices or continuously feed individual or multiple containers simultaneously in presettable various ways, and the equipment devices may be set to operate in parallel and / or in series.
  • Furthermore, with a distributor device according to the invention, it is possible to associate certain treatment devices / equipment only with a selection of containers. The containers not included in this selection are then in turn assigned to an alternative or, in a special case, no alternative treatment device / equipment.
  • Assignment may be understood to mean, in particular, a carry-over, since most treatment units / equipment may be stationary, ie not with a follower accompanying the containers Transport system are provided. However, it is also conceivable to arrange certain treatment devices / equipment devices on a transporting system, wherein, for example, containers which are transported on the transport system may experience a treatment / equipment.
  • On the other hand, it is also possible to assign individual or groups of treatment devices / equipment to all containers and one / other treatment device (s) / equipment only to the selection described above.
  • In a method according to the invention, containers to be equipped which have been supplied to the system for container equipment can therefore be distributed to at least one equipment device by means of at least one distributor device.
  • The distributor device can thus advantageously enable intelligent and flexible distribution and transport of containers within a system according to the invention for fitting containers.
  • The distribution device and / or equipment may e.g. distribute the bins based on a key or plan established in a controller, and the key or plan can be changed in the controller, for example in the case of a retrofit or format change, or during repairs.
  • The distribution device may also distribute the containers based on measurements made on the incoming or outgoing containers.
  • Likewise, the distribution device may distribute the containers based on the occupancy of individual equipment devices.
  • A more efficient utilization of the entire system for the equipment or treatment of containers can be achieved in this way.
  • In addition, the system may additionally comprise at least one pretreatment unit upstream of the equipment devices for preparing containers to be equipped, which may be configured such that they dry and / or temper containers to be equipped and / or statically load or unload the container surface to be equipped and / or cleaning and / or the container surface to be equipped by Beflammungsbehandlung and / or corona treatment and / or plasma treatment and / or energy radiation (in particular ultraviolet radiation) and / or coating can modify and forward the container after the pretreatment to the distribution device and / or directly can be handed over to a fitting device. Under pretreatment can also be understood a marking, alignment, or inspection device or combinations of said pretreatment units.
  • This possible pretreatment of the containers to be equipped has, for example, the advantage that the equipment, e.g. a print or a label, better stick to the surface of the container to be printed, so the quality of the equipment can be improved.
  • Also, the system may further comprise at least one after-treatment unit for equipped containers, e.g. an aftertreatment unit for print control such as e.g. the quality of the equipment, e.g. the printing, to check by camera control. If a control results in poor quality for the controlled container, it may be rejected and discarded, for example.
  • Likewise, other after-treatment units for equipped containers are conceivable, which may be associated with or integrated into a fitting device, such as e.g. an ink curing unit, for example, an ultraviolet light irradiation unit for after-treatment of printed containers, which is e.g. may have been printed by digital inkjet printing. However, an ink-curing unit can also be used in other printing processes for the aftertreatment of printed containers.
  • Of course, combinations of aftertreatment units are also conceivable. As already mentioned, the distributor device can transport containers continuously and / or clocked and distribute them to the equipment devices or printing devices.
  • In this case, e.g. each container is sequentially indexed to the next equipment / treatment unit and / or also within an equipment / treatment unit and, for example, moves exactly one division at each cycle, i. the equipment process or treatment process can generally follow chronologically or in series.
  • However, the distribution device may also transport containers in groups (pulse wise) and distribute them among the equipment devices. Thereby, e.g. several containers in a group are indexed by several pitches, and e.g. be equipped simultaneously / in parallel.
  • Container handling modes of the distributor device described here can also be carried out by all other container transport elements in the system, eg within a treatment or equipment unit.
  • The potential flexibility in timing and scheduling of containers in groups may allow time savings and system performance because, for example, the number of acceleration and deceleration phases in container transport can be reduced.
  • Likewise, almost any conceivable pitch can be approached, which in turn can allow the use of equipment devices and / or treatment units of various types, and thus can save development and production costs, for example, if customer requests a different arrangement / configuration or type of equipment and / / or treatment unit, for example, for different types of containers or container sizes require.
  • Both the distributor / s and the treatment or equipment devices can therefore be clocked independently of each other or operated continuously as needed. Transport mechanisms for one or more containers are conceivable at the same time.
  • In general, the containers can be handed over or removed from the equipment devices and / or treatment units by means of base handling and / or body handling and / or neck handling.
  • In particular, a treatment or equipment device may have a transfer device with external and / or internal gripper, and be configured such that containers can be supplied to the equipment device by means of base handling and / or body handling and / or neck handling.
  • Containers can also be transferred after or on transfer to the equipment in a reciprocally contacting jig. This "clamps" the container, container bottom and container mouth can thereby form the ends of the clamping. As a result, the container can be well fixed and finally positioned according to the exact technical equipment. The clamping operation can be realized via an intelligent servo-spindle linear system or the like. Alternatively, a stepper motor with linear system and with measuring system can be realized. These jigs can both the adjustment of the system to different levels of container types, as well as a force-controlled
  • Allow clamping by means of servo control. Such a force-controlled device may be useful, especially for empty and thin-walled containers, since the container could be deformed if the clamping force is too great.
  • Alternatively, e.g. The following intelligent force control of the spindle motor drive conceivable: For example, a control / adjustment of the clamping force on the use of a spring element (tension or compression spring) and / or a regulation / adjustment of the clamping force via compressed air or a compressed air cushion and / or a regulation / adjustment of the clamping force the feedback of an example. Load cell with readjustment via the spindle drive motor.
  • The components which serve to clamp the containers can be moved toward one another during the clamping operation in order to be able to clamp the container. This movement can take place both through the upper part (container mouth), or from the lower part (container bottom), as well as in combination.
  • Advantageously, among other things, a clamping device can offer increased flexibility with regard to the geometry and position of the container surface to be equipped.
  • It should also be noted at this point that, according to the invention, containers can be equipped or treated both in a vertical, lying or inclined orientation.
  • The Ausstattungs- or distribution device may be preceded by a buffer device, which may allow a container jam. This may advantageously serve to decouple a continuous stream of containers from a clocked stream of containers and, for example, minimize or prevent the risk of "overflowing" or collapse of the equipment and / or treatment process.
  • The equipment device may comprise a circulating container transport element, e.g. a carousel, i. the equipment may be designed as a rotary.
  • The equipment device can also be designed as a linear device. Also, the distributor device (s) can be used both as a linear device and as a rotary system, e.g. be designed as a distributor carousel, and / or linear-parallel device or combination of said execution geometries.
  • The distributor device may be configured to hold various individual containers and / or or transport different groups of containers on different presettable container distribution paths.
  • The equipment devices can be configured so that they can be operated in parallel.
  • The variety in the selection of the operating modes of an exemplary system for providing containers, for example the choice between parallel and serial operation of equipment and / or the purposeful intelligent distribution of individual containers or groups of containers on different presettable container distribution paths by means of the distributor device can advantageously be Increase the flexibility and efficiency of the equipment process.
  • For example, it is thus possible simultaneously to process different types of containers / container sizes, in which e.g. a first type of container is directed from the distributor device to a first equipment device and another second type of container is directed to another equipment device.
  • The container distribution can also be decided spontaneously for each container by a control of the distributor device
  • If several container formats are processed at the same time, a distribution to the equipment devices can be decided on the basis of the incoming container type. For this purpose, for example, one equipment could be designed for 1.5-liter round plastic bottles and another equipment on 0.3-liter oval glass bottles. By a weight, bottle contour measurement by means of camera or a wall thickness measurement, the containers could be assigned to the respective equipment device.
  • Alternatively, the container format may be stored in the controller in previous processes (e.g., during manufacture or filling of the containers) and e.g. be retrieved by means of shift register use in the distribution device again.
  • It is also possible that a decision on the container distribution can be made depending on the utilization or occupancy state of the equipment devices. If these have, for example, a buffer or a flexible transport system, then a utilization of the respective equipment device, e.g. the buffer level, the basis for whether a container of this equipment device is supplied (if just a place on a container receptacle is free) or not.
  • It is also possible to base the decision on the distribution based on the control measurement equipped container. Provides e.g. a first equipment device better results than a second, so more containers can be distributed to the first equipment device as the second, depending on the power requirements. If the required output can be satisfied only by the first equipment, the second equipment can be temporarily stopped for maintenance (fine adjustment, cleaning of the nozzles). If a larger output is currently required, the containers can also be distributed in a certain ratio, so that the first equipment device is fully utilized and the second meets only the remaining requirements.
  • The distribution can also be done in a fixed ratio by, for example, treating every nth bottle (where n is an integer> 0) with the first equipment and every n + 1th bottle with the second equipment. Here, in contrast to the possibilities described above, there is the advantage that the transport system does not have to be designed so flexibly. For example, mechanical curve controls for the distribution of the containers are sufficient here.
  • Incidentally, the drive system of the distributor device and / or the drive system of a container transport element may include at least one servo drive and / or one direct drive.
  • Any turntable of a distribution device or equipment or treatment unit may also have a direct drive
  • For accurate position and position determination of the containers on a transport element and / or carousel and / or on a turntable, encoder systems or similar measuring systems can be used.
  • In particular, e.g. the equipment device has a container transport element with encoder system for absolute value measurement of container positions.
  • The possibility of accurate container position determination may advantageously affect improved repeatability in the equipment process, e.g. Error in an equipment process, e.g. faulty printing or labeling, minimize.
  • For this example, the signals of a control device or the camera used and in a Regulation for the following containers are included.
  • When transporting or distributing the containers, the containers may, in addition to a translational main movement direction, have a rotational movement about a container axis or an axis parallel to a container axis, preferably a rotation about the container longitudinal axis. The rotation of the containers may e.g. be conveyed through turntable, which may be integrated in a distribution device or in a container transport element. Again, encoder systems can also be used for these movements.
  • The equipment may in particular be a printing device for digital inkjet printing, but of course other printing and marking methods, such as screen printing or so-called hotfoil, are conceivable.
  • As already mentioned, a printing system according to the invention can also have a modular design, wherein one or a plurality of distribution devices, with one or a plurality of equipment devices, in particular printing devices and / or labeling devices and / or one or a plurality of pretreatment units and / or after-treatment units, eg configured in series and / or parallel, can be combined.
  • In this case, a system according to the invention, in addition to the docking stations occupied by the at least two equipment devices, can also have at least one further unoccupied docking station for an equipment device.
  • Such a modular design advantageously allows the system to be easily extended or reduced. Thus, e.g. other modules are docked to increase, for example, the overall machine performance and / or to allow further equipment / processes.
  • If a distributor device no longer has a required docking station, it can also be changed, for example, in terms of its circumference, ie its diameter or its length. This is particularly possible with a linear distributor device in which the chain or strap can be lengthened, and by e.g. can attach additional receptacles for containers to the extended chain.
  • Alternatively to an extension, one (or two, three ...) further distributor device could be docked to the distributor device or one (or two, three ...) further distributor device could be connected in parallel. The distribution to two parallel distribution devices could be performed by an upstream master distribution device.
  • The transfer of containers between different distributor device can be carried out by the way of transfer devices described above.
  • The following figures are an example:
  • 1 : System for equipping liquid-filled containers
  • 2 : Alternative system for fitting liquid-filled containers
  • 3 : Alternative system for fitting liquid-filled containers
  • 4 : Alternative system for fitting liquid-filled containers
  • 5 : Alternative system for fitting liquid-filled containers
  • 6 : Alternative system for fitting liquid-filled containers
  • 7 : Alternative system for fitting liquid-filled containers
  • The 1 exemplifies a system 100 to equip containers filled with liquid dar.
  • The system 100 can be a distributor device 104 comprising which containers to be printed on a variety of equipment ( 101 . 102 . 103 ) and return printed containers from the system 100 can dissipate. In this case, for example, equipment devices 101 . 102 be designed as printing devices, and equipment device 103 as a labeling device.
  • The distributor device 104 can be designed as a rotary, eg as a rotary carousel, with a possible rotation or container rotation direction 109 , The system 100 can be clocked or operated continuously, ie, for example, clocked or continuous container streams process. Within a container stream containers can be treated individually and / or in groups (pulkweise) summarized.
  • The equipment devices ( 101 . 102 . 103 ) can be designed as a rotary runner, for example, as shown.
  • The system 100 can process several container streams at the same time. For illustration are in the 1z .B. two container streams 112 . 113 shown which the system 100 from the direction 105 can be supplied and for example via a transfer star 107 the system 100 can be handed over.
  • Container streams may be independently controlled by a distribution device. For example, here container flow 112 on the equipment 101 and container flow 113 on the equipment 102 from the distributor device 104 be distributed. However, other (not shown) container flow divisions are also conceivable, for example, the distribution of a container flow to a further equipment device 103 , or the forwarding of the same container stream to more than one equipment or treatment unit.
  • After passing the containers through the system 100 can be another transfer star 108 that from the system 100 remove equipped or treated container and, for example, in the direction 106 dissipate and forward to further process steps.
  • The 2 exemplifies another system 200 to equip containers filled with liquid dar.
  • Analogous to the previously described system 100 , the system can 200 while a distributor device 212 comprising containers to be equipped to a plurality of equipment devices ( 201 . 202 . 203 ) and equipped containers back out of the system 200 can dissipate.
  • The distributor device 212 can be used as a linear-parallel distributor device 212 be executed, which may allow several container streams 204 . 205 . 206 to process in parallel and simultaneously.
  • The equipment devices 201 . 202 . 203 can be designed as a rotary runner as shown, for example.
  • The system 200 can also be clocked or operated continuously, ie, for example, clocked or continuous container streams process. Within a container stream again containers can be treated individually and / or in groups summarized (pulkweise).
  • Container streams may be independently controlled by a distribution device.
  • For example, here from the direction 210 supplied container or container streams 204 . 205 . 206 distributed as follows. container flow 204 can on equipment device 201 , Container flow 205 on equipment 202 , and container current 206 on equipment 203 be distributed. Subsequently, the container streams 204 . 205 . 206 in the direction 211 be removed and forwarded to further process steps.
  • However, other (not shown) container flow splits or container treatment sequences are also conceivable. For example, the containers of the container streams 204 . 205 . 206 before or after passage of the equipment devices 201 . 202 . 203 For example, (not shown) pre-treatment units or aftertreatment units and / or other (not shown) equipment devices go through.
  • Concretely, in the system 200 the distribution happened for example in the base handling. The containers come on a common conveyor belt from direction 210 and can via fixed rails in three container streams ( 204 . 205 . 206 ). The rails can also be controlled at your angle, so that the supplied containers can be further divided into two container streams or into a container stream.
  • The 3 exemplifies another system 300 to the equipment, in particular for printing, filled with liquid containers 320 represents.
  • The system 300 can thereby be designed as a Verteilerkarussell transport element 304 comprising which containers to be printed on a plurality of printing devices ( 307 . 308 and 310 . 311 . 312 . 313 . 314 . 315 . 316 . 317 and 319 ) and return printed containers from the system 300 can dissipate.
  • transport element 304 can be understood both as a distributor device or part of a distribution device, as well as a transport element of a fitting device.
  • For example, the printing devices may operate with digital inkjet printing technology such as the printing devices illustrated herein 307 . 308 and 310 . 311 . 312 . 313 . 314 . 315 . 316 and 317 , or with alternative printing techniques, such as with screen printing technology, such as printing device 319 ,
  • The system 300 may also include units for pre- or post-treatment of containers.
  • For example, a pretreatment unit 305 , eg responsible for container orientation, and / or tempering and / or container surface modification, etc., the containers 320 a container stream, which is the system 300 from a main feeding direction 301 can be supplied to prepare for subsequent printing or treatment processes.
  • A possible post-treatment unit 321 For example, as shown here can serve for image control by means of camera. Likewise, the system can 300 Aftercare units like 309 and or 318 have, for example, for curing the printing / the printed image by means of energy radiation such as UV light.
  • The printing devices may also have integrated post-treatment units, for example an integrated ink curing unit, e.g. with UV light for digital inkjet printing.
  • The printing devices can be designed as modules which are connected to a transport element 304 can dock. Modules may include at least one printing device. For example, here is a module 306 which shows the printing devices 307 and 308 may include. However, modules may also include or include units for pre- or post-treatment of containers, consisting of individual devices or multiple devices. The modules can in particular be mounted on rollers and have fitting bores, which can be insertable into centering elements provided on the distributor. The modules can either be raised for operation via a drive arranged on the distributor carousel, so that they participate in the same vibrations as the distributor carousel or they can remain on the ground with their feet or rollers.
  • The transport element 304 can be designed as a rotary, eg as a rotary carousel, with a possible rotation or container rotation direction 303 , The system 300 can be clocked or operated continuously, ie, for example, clocked or continuous container streams process. Within a container stream can container 320 individually and / or in groups (pulkweise) summarized.
  • Printing devices, pre- and post-treatment units can be used individually, in groups and / or modularly on the distributor device 304 be docked. This allows a high flexibility or improvement in terms of performance and efficiency of the system 300 because, for example, as needed, the number and arrangement of the printing devices can be changed, and
  • Printing devices can be maintained without the whole system 300 to be taken out of service.
  • The containers 320 can the system 300 via transfer stars or transfer units 323 . 322 by means of a distributor device 324 supplied ( 301 ) or from the system 300 dissipated ( 302 ) become.
  • In particular, in the distribution carousel 304 a distribution are made such that only selected printing modules print on the containers. It can be determined which containers are supplied to specific printing modules, or remain on these printing modules, and which are passed by certain printing modules. It may happen that similar pressure modules, for example, with the same color, several times in the periphery of the Verteiler carousel 304 can be arranged.
  • The 4 exemplifies another system 400 for the equipment, in particular printing, of containers which can be filled with liquid 434 which, among other things, almost all features of previously described system, in particular the system 300 , may have.
  • The system 400 can be a transport element 404 comprising which containers to be printed on a plurality of printing devices ( 406 . 407 and 409 . 410 . 411 . 412 . 413 . 414 . 415 . 416 and 417 . 418 and 419 . 420 . 421 . 422 . 423 . 424 . 425 . 426 ) and return printed containers from the system 400 can dissipate.
  • transport element 404 can be understood both as a distributor device or part of a distribution device, as well as a transport element of a fitting device.
  • For example, the printing devices may operate with digital inkjet printing technology such as the printing devices illustrated herein 406 to 426 , or with alternative printing techniques, such as with screen printing technology.
  • The system 400 may also include units for pre- or post-treatment of containers.
  • For example, a pretreatment unit 405 , eg responsible for container orientation, and / or tempering and / or container surface modification, etc., the containers 434 a container stream, which is the system 400 from a main feeding direction 401 can be supplied to prepare for subsequent printing or treatment processes.
  • A possible post-treatment unit 431 For example, as shown here can serve for image control by means of camera. Likewise, the system can 400 Aftercare units like 408 and or 428 and or 429 and or 427 have, for example, for curing the printing / the printed image by means of ultraviolet light (UV light).
  • The printing devices may also have integrated post-treatment units, for example an integrated ink curing unit, e.g. with UV light for digital inkjet printing.
  • The printing devices may be implemented as modules connected to a distributor device 404 can dock. Modules may include at least one printing device. However, modules may also include or include units for pre- or post-treatment of containers.
  • The transport element 404 can be designed as a rotary, eg as a rotary carousel, with a possible rotation or container rotation direction 403 , The system 400 can be clocked or operated continuously, ie, for example, clocked or continuous container streams process. Within a container stream can container 434 individually and / or in groups (pulkweise) summarized.
  • Printing devices, pre- and post-treatment units can be used individually, in groups and / or modularly on the distributor device 404 be docked. This allows a high flexibility or improvement in terms of performance and efficiency of the system 400 because, for example, as needed, the number and arrangement of the printing devices can be changed and printing devices can be maintained without the whole system 400 to be taken out of service.
  • In addition to the opposite to the system 300 different number and arrangement of printing devices, pre- and post-treatment units, the system 400 including a blank field 430 between printing devices and / or treatment units, in the example, container 434 can be rotated, for example, to enable a two-sided printing of the container.
  • Although the rotation of containers may also be possible in the previously described systems, a special empty field may be used 430 possibly simplify the rotation of containers, especially in asymmetric and compared to the system bulky containers, without, for example, limitations in the compactness of the system's construction 400 to have to do.
  • The containers 434 can the system 400 via transfer stars or transfer units 433 . 432 by means of a distributor device 435 supplied ( 401 ) or from the system 400 dissipated ( 402 ) become.
  • The 5 exemplifies another system 500 for the equipment of containers that can be filled with liquid 500 Have features of previously described systems.
  • For example, the system can 500 be modular, with a module 501 eg a fitting device 508 and two transfer devices 509 and or 510 for the transfer or acceptance of containers between equipment 508 and distribution device 513 can have.
  • Instead of two handover devices 509 It is also possible to provide only one transfer device which takes over both the input into the equipment device and the removal of the containers from the equipment device.
  • Instead of two handover devices 509 also no transfer device can be provided. The input or removal of the container from or into the equipment device, for example, a distribution device 513 / directly accept a container transport element.
  • distribution device 513 so can container here 505 , for example, from a main direction of movement 503 the system 500 be supplied, an equipment 508 by means of a transfer device 509 to hand over. After passing through the equipment device, which, for example, as a carousel with the direction of rotation or container circulation direction 507 may be executed, may be another transfer device 510 the containers 506 back to the distribution device 513 and, for example, to another module 502 (indicated only schematically) analogous to the first module 501 forward or pass this.
  • In particular, the transfer devices 509 . 510 while gripper 511 . 512 . 517 . 521 . 518 . 519 suitable for base handling and / or body handling and / or neck handling. The grippers can be designed, for example, as an outer gripper (as shown) and / or as an inner gripper. These transfer devices can take on the task of distributing container streams individually into the individual equipment devices. Depending on requirements (even for each container individually), transfer processes can therefore take place in parallel or in succession.
  • In the figure are also exemplary gripper movement paths 515 . 516 shown. For example, a gripper 521 container 505 remove the distributor of a continuous run, so a companion can be provided to give the gripper enough time to access.
  • A second gripper 519 may in the meantime a container from the equipment 508 grab, so that a place or a container receptacle in the equipment device is free. In this free space can now, for example, a gripper 517 kept container are precisely inserted.
  • In addition, exemplary enclosures 514 the individual containers on the equipped as a carousel equipment 508 can shield each other. In the case, that is the equipment 508 For example, a printing device having multiple printing stations and / or ink curing stations may prevent, for example, an enclosure that may, for example, transfer UV light from an ink curing process at a station to an adjacent station where, for example, printing is in progress and curing of the ink is not desired ,
  • The enclosure may e.g. consisting of two side walls between the stations, the equipment equipment table as a shielding downwards, and a wall (not shown), which cover the containers e.g. shields in the direction of the rotation axis of the carousel and a cover, not shown, for shielding upwards. Radially, the container can be freely accessible, both for the printheads of each station, as well as any drying or post-treatment or removal from the carousel.
  • All elements of the enclosure can be arranged immovably on the carousel and rotate with it, without changing your position to the carousel. Although this simple enclosure requires a somewhat more elaborate punctiform transfer of the containers by the grippers of the transfer device while accompanying them (until, for example, it has snapped the receptacle of the printing carousel), e.g. complicated movements of Einhausungswandelementen be avoided.
  • In exceptional cases, it would be conceivable to make certain housing wall parts movable for the transfer, in particular e.g. the side wall parts.
  • The 6 exemplifies another system 600 for the equipment of containers that can be filled with liquid 600 Have features of previously described systems. Unless otherwise stated, the arrow directions in the 6 Container conveying directions or possible direction of rotation of transfer devices, carousels, equipment, etc.
  • From a distribution device can be out of direction 601 to be equipped or treated container 616 the system 600 be supplied. By means of a transfer device 603 You can start with the containers 616 a pretreatment unit 609 which are on a first distribution carousel 617 can be located.
  • From the first distribution carousel 617 can by transfer device 604 the containers to a second distribution carousel 618 be handed over. From distribution carousel 618 can the containers 616 to equipment devices 610 . 611 . 612 . 613 be passed, wherein the transfer of the container from the second Verteilerkarussell 618 to the respective equipment device with no, one or two transfer device (s) can be done. Here concrete is an example of a transfer device 606 . 606 . 607 . 608 for transfer between distribution carousel 618 and the equipment devices 610 . 611 . 612 . 613 represented.
  • After passing through the second distribution carousel 618 can now equipped container eg by transfer device 614 back to the first distribution carousel 617 where they are transferred, for example, from a post-treatment unit 615 can be treated before passing to another distribution system by means of transfer device 619 can be handed over and out of the system 600 in the direction 602 can be dissipated. Equipment and pre- and post-treatment of the containers can thus be controlled via two separate distribution carousels.
  • If necessary, the container transport elements of the distributor carousel are equipped with container rotating devices, so that containers, for example in the direction of rotation 619 are rotatable.
  • distribution carousels 617 and 618 can as part of a distribution device 620 be understood.
  • The 7 exemplifies another system 700 for the equipment of containers that can be filled with liquid 700 Have features of previously described systems. Again, unless explicitly stated otherwise, the arrow directions in the figure represent container conveying directions or possible direction of rotation of transfer devices, Carousels, equipment devices, container rotations, etc. dar.
  • Equipped or treated container 715 can the system 700 from the direction 701 be supplied. By means of a transfer device 703 can first the container of a distribution device 717 which are initially transferred to a pre-treatment unit 709 can guide. distribution device 717 For example, the containers can then become equipment devices 710 . 711 . 712 . 713 conduct, whereby the transfer of the container between distribution device 717 and equipment devices 710 . 711 . 712 . 713 again with no, one or two transfer device (s) can be done, in each case specifically a transfer device 704 . 705 . 706 . 707 is shown.
  • If necessary, the container transport elements of the distributor device 717 equipped with container rotating devices, so that container eg in the direction of rotation 619 are rotatable.
  • For example, first a first side of the container, e.g. the front side, being equipped by a first equipment device, and a second side of the container, e.g. the back of a second equipment device.
  • It is also conceivable that, for example, several independent equipment, e.g. Print motifs, can be realized on one side of a container.
  • For the sake of completeness, it is expressly mentioned once again that the features of the described exemplary systems ( 100 . 200 . 300 . 400 . 500 . 600 and 700 ) can be combined with each other for equipping containers that can be filled with liquid.
  • This is followed by 5 sheets with 7 figures.
  • The reference numerals are assigned as follows.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 100
     System for equipping liquid-filled containers
    101
     First equipment / equipment module, printing device / printer module
    102
     Second equipment / equipment module, printing device / printer module
    103
     nth Equipment / Equipment Module, nth Printing Device / Printer Module Printing device / printer module, where n is an integer> 2
    104
     distribution device
    105
     Primary feed direction of containers to be printed to the container / container feed stream system
    106
     Main discharge direction of equipped containers / container discharge stream
    107
    Transfer star / unit for transferring containers to be equipped to the system 100
    108
    Transfer star / unit for acceptance of equipped containers from system 100 for forwarding
    109
     Exemplary possible direction of rotation of a distributor device, exemplary circulation direction of the container of a container flow passing through the equipment device
    110
    Exemplary possible direction of rotation of unit 107
    111
    Exemplary possible direction of rotation of unit 108
    112
    First container stream, eg containers which are from the distributor device to a first equipment device, eg a printing device, 101 be directed.
    113
    Second container stream, for example containers that from the distributor device to a second Amenities device 102 be directed.
    200
     System for equipping liquid-filled plastic containers
    201
     First equipment / equipment module
    202
     Second Equipment / Equipment Module
    203
     nth equipment / equipment module, where n is an integer> 2
    204
    First container stream, eg containers that from the distributor device to a first equipment device 201 be directed.
    205
    Second container flow, eg containers that from the distributor device to a second equipment device 102 be directed.
    206
    nth container stream, eg containers that from the distributor device to an n-th equipment device 203 be directed.
    207
    Exemplary possible direction of rotation of a fitting device 203 , or exemplary circulation direction of the container of a container stream passing through the equipment device 206 ,
    208
    Exemplary possible direction of rotation of a fitting device 202 , or exemplary circulation direction of the container of a container stream passing through the equipment device 205 ,
    209
    Exemplary possible direction of rotation of a fitting device 201 , or exemplary circulation direction of the container of a container stream passing through the equipment device 204 ,
    210
     Primary feed direction of containers to be printed to the container / container feed stream system
    211
     Main discharge direction of equipped containers / container discharge stream
    212
     distribution device
    300
     System for equipping liquid-filled plastic containers
    301
     Main feeding direction of containers to be equipped to the container / container supply stream system, distributor device
    302
     Main discharge direction of equipped containers / container discharge stream, distributor device
    303
     Exemplary possible direction of rotation of a distributor device, exemplary circulation direction of the container of a container flow passing through the equipment device
    304
     Transport element, distribution carousel
    305
     Pre-treatment unit for preparing the containers for subsequent equipment processes, e.g. for container orientation, temperature control, container surface modification, etc.
    306
    Module, for example, two printing devices / equipment stations 307 . 308 includes.
    307
     first printing device, e.g. with digital inkjet printing technology, equipment station
    308
     second printing device, e.g. with digital inkjet printing technology, equipment station
    309, 318
    Post-treatment unit, e.g. for UV light irradiation for curing a print / a printed image
    310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317
    Printing device, e.g. with digital inkjet printing technology, equipment station
    319
    Printing device with of printing devices 306 . 307 and 310 to 318 Various printing technology, eg with screen printing technology, equipment station
    320
     Container, e.g. rotationally symmetrical container
    321
     Post-treatment unit, e.g. for print image control
    322
     Transfer star / unit for acceptance of equipped containers for forwarding
    323
     Transfer star / unit for transfer of containers to be equipped
    324
     distribution device
    400
     System for equipping liquid-filled plastic containers
    401
     Main feeding direction of containers to be equipped to the container / container supply stream system, distributor device
    402
     Main discharge direction of printed containers / container discharge stream, distributor device
    403
     Exemplary possible direction of rotation of a distributor device, exemplary direction of rotation of the container of a container stream passing through the printing device
    404
     Transport element, distribution carousel
    405
     Pre-treatment unit for preparing the containers for subsequent equipment processes, e.g. for container orientation, temperature control, container surface modification, etc.
    406, 407
     Printing device, e.g. with digital inkjet printing technology, equipment station
    408
     Post-treatment unit, e.g. for UV light irradiation for hardening the printing / the printed image
    409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 428, 429
    Printing device, e.g. with digital inkjet printing technology, equipment station
    430
     Gap / empty field for container rotation, e.g. for double-sided front and back printing, for example of mold containers
    431
     Post-treatment unit, e.g. for print image control
    432
     Transfer star / unit for acceptance of printed containers for forwarding
    433
     Transfer star / unit for the transfer of containers to be printed
    434
     Containers / mold containers with rotationally symmetrical or asymmetrical shape
    435
     distribution device
    500
    System for printing on with Liquid fillable plastic containers
    501
    First module comprising an equipment device 508 , eg a printing device and two transfer devices 509 . 510 for the transfer or acceptance of containers between equipment 508 and distribution device 513
    502
    Second module, analogous to the first module, but only schematically indicated, ie, for example, comprising an equipment device, such as a printing device (not shown) and two transfer devices (not shown) for transfer or removal of containers between equipment (not shown) and a distribution device 513 ,
    503, 504
    Main direction of movement of containers within the distributor device 513
    505, 506
    container
    507
    Exemplary possible direction of rotation of the equipment 508 continuous container of a container flow, or possible direction of rotation of the equipment 508
    508
     Equipment, e.g. printing device
    509
    Transfer device for transferring containers from distributor device 512 to the equipment 508
    510
    Transfer device for transferring containers from equipment device 508 to the distributor device 512
    511, 512, 517, 521, 518, 519
    Gripper of a transfer device between equipment and distribution device, suitable for basehandling and / or body handling and / or neck handling, shown here for example as an outer gripper, but also as an inner gripper executable.
    513
     distribution device
    514
     Enclosure / shielding
    515
     Gripper movement route / container transport route
    516
     Gripper movement path / accompanying path for receiving a container from itself a distributor device
    520
     Pickup for container
    600
     System for equipping liquid-filled containers
    601
     Main feeding direction of containers to be equipped to the system for equipment of containers / container feed stream
    602
     Main discharge direction of equipped containers / container discharge stream
    603
     Transfer device
    604
     Transfer device between two distributor carousels
    605, 606, 607, 608
    Transfer device between distribution carousel and Ausstattungsvorrich
    tung
    609
     pretreatment unit
    610, 611, 612, 613
    Amenities device
    614
     Transfer device between two distributor carousels
    615
     post-treatment unit
    616
     container
    617
     first distribution carousel
    618
     second distribution carousel
    619
     Transfer device
    620
     Distributor device, e.g. including two distribution carousels
    700
     System for equipping liquid-filled containers
    701
     Main feeding direction of containers to be equipped to the system for equipment of containers / container feed stream
    702
     Main discharge direction of equipped containers / container discharge stream
    703
     Transfer device
    704, 705, 706, 707
    Transfer device between distributor device and equipment device
    708
     post-treatment unit
    709
     pretreatment unit
    710, 711, 712, 713
    Amenities device
    714
     Transfer device
    715
     container
    716
     Direction of rotation with which a container can be rotated
    717
     distribution device
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • DE 102004018189 [0003]
    • DE 102009013477 B4 [0005]

Claims (28)

  1. System ( 100 ) for equipping containers, in particular containers filled with liquid, in particular plastic, glass or metal containers, comprising at least two equipment devices ( 101 . 102 . 103 ), of which at least one equipment device is a printing device, and at least one distributor device ( 104 ) for the transport and distribution of the system ( 100 ), characterized in that the distributor device covers the containers on the equipment ( 101 . 102 . 103 ) can distribute.
  2. System according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one equipment device, a labeling device and / or pretreatment unit, and / or an aftertreatment unit, and / or an alignment unit and / or a control unit, is for containers to be equipped or to be treated.
  3. System according to claim 1, characterized in that the distributor device can continuously transport and distribute the containers.
  4. System according to claim 1, characterized in that the distribution device can individually clocked containers or grouped together in groups transport and distribute.
  5. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the equipment devices can be operated continuously or clocked and can equip containers individually or in groups.
  6. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the system comprises at least one transfer device for transferring the container from the distribution device to the equipment device.
  7. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the distributor device or a transfer device arranged between distribution device and equipment transfer device is designed as an interface between continuous and clocked container transport.
  8. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the distributor device is configured so that it can transport different individual containers and / or different groups of containers on different presettable container distribution paths .
  9. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a distributor device has a transfer device with external and / or internal gripper, and is configured so that containers are supplied by basehandling and / or body handling and / or neck handling of the / the equipment (s) can.
  10. A system according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the distributor device is configured to clock the at least two equipment devices or continuously feed one or more containers simultaneously in presettable different ways, and the equipment devices are set to operate in parallel and / or or serially.
  11. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the distributor device is designed as a concentricity device and / or linear device and / or linearly parallel device or as a combination of said execution geometries.
  12. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the drive system of the distributor device includes at least one servo drive and / or a direct drive.
  13. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises means for changing and / or maintaining the orientation of the containers, during transport and / or transfer between a distributor device and an equipment device.
  14. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the printing device has a container transport element with encoder system, in particular for absolute value measurement of container positions.
  15. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the printing device is a printing device for digital printing, in particular inkjet printing.
  16. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the printing device is associated with or integrated into an ink curing unit for the aftertreatment of printed containers.
  17. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the equipment device is preceded by a buffer device, which can allow a container jam.
  18. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the Equipment device comprises a circulating container transport element, such as a carousel.
  19. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the system further comprises at least one of the equipment / pre-treatment unit pre-treatment unit for preparing auszustattender container on the equipment process, which is configured so that they drying containers and / or temper and / or can statically load or unload and / or clean the container surface to be equipped, and / or modify and / or align and / or inspect the container surface to be equipped by flame treatment and / or corona treatment and / or plasma treatment and / or energy radiation and / or coating , and forward the container after the pretreatment to the distribution device and / or can pass directly to a printing device.
  20. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the system also has at least one after-treatment unit for equipped containers, eg an aftertreatment unit for print motif and / or label control.
  21. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the distributor device has at least one rotating device for containers, eg a turntable.
  22. System according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the system is of modular construction, wherein one or a plurality of distribution devices, with a plurality of equipment devices and / or one or a plurality of pre-treatment units and / or after-treatment units, can be combined.
  23. Method for equipping liquid-filled containers, in particular plastic, glass or metal containers, which comprises distributing the containers to be equipped which are supplied to the system by means of at least one distributor device to at least one equipment device.
  24.  The method of claim 23, further comprising the distribution device individually clocking or continuously transporting containers, or clocked or grouped together in groups and distributed to at least one equipment device.
  25. Method according to one of claims 23 or 24, characterized in that the distribution device distributes the containers on the basis of a key defined in a controller and the key can be changed in the controller.
  26. Method according to one of claims 23 to 25, characterized in that the distributor device distributes the containers on the basis of measurements made on the incoming or outgoing containers.
  27. Method according to one of claims 23 to 26, characterized in that the distributor device distributes the containers on the basis of the utilization of individual equipment devices.
  28. A method according to any one of claims 22 to 27, characterized in that the containers are distributed by the distributor device to a printing device of receivers equipped with electric or magnetic drives, and the drives are distributed in distribution with gripping elements for holding the containers and / or with means for altering the position of the gripper cooperate, so that certain positions of the gripper can be approached with respect to the container removal positions.
DE102012213080.2A 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Device and method for equipping containers - basic machine Pending DE102012213080A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102012213080.2A DE102012213080A1 (en) 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Device and method for equipping containers - basic machine

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DE102012213080.2A DE102012213080A1 (en) 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Device and method for equipping containers - basic machine
EP13176426.8A EP2689933A3 (en) 2012-07-25 2013-07-15 Method and device for equipping containers - base machine
CN201310317045.7A CN103569433B (en) 2012-07-25 2013-07-25 For equipping the apparatus and method for of container---base machine

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DE202016100863U1 (en) 2016-02-18 2017-05-26 Krones Ag Transport star
DE102016002244A1 (en) * 2016-02-26 2017-08-31 Leibinger Gmbh Machining device, installation and processing method for containers of different types
DE102016002244B4 (en) 2016-02-26 2019-04-25 Leibinger Gmbh Machining device, installation and processing method for containers of different types
DE102016212521A1 (en) 2016-07-08 2018-01-11 Krones Ag Method and apparatus for multicolor inkjet printing on containers
WO2018007038A1 (en) 2016-07-08 2018-01-11 Krones Ag Method and device for multiple-colour inkjet printing on containers

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CN103569433B (en) 2016-04-06
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CN103569433A (en) 2014-02-12

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