DE102012105180A1 - Wall element for use in assembly for building, has outer shell and inner shell arranged opposite to outer shell, where insulating material is arranged between outer shell and inner shell, and base area is provided with multiple openings - Google Patents

Wall element for use in assembly for building, has outer shell and inner shell arranged opposite to outer shell, where insulating material is arranged between outer shell and inner shell, and base area is provided with multiple openings Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102012105180A1
DE102012105180A1 DE201210105180 DE102012105180A DE102012105180A1 DE 102012105180 A1 DE102012105180 A1 DE 102012105180A1 DE 201210105180 DE201210105180 DE 201210105180 DE 102012105180 A DE102012105180 A DE 102012105180A DE 102012105180 A1 DE102012105180 A1 DE 102012105180A1
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Germany
Prior art keywords
shell
insulating
foot
opposite
building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE201210105180
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German (de)
Inventor
Cristian Keese
Liane Lensch-Kaese
Hans-Georg Kaese
Original Assignee
Cristian Keese
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Cristian Keese filed Critical Cristian Keese
Priority to DE201210105180 priority Critical patent/DE102012105180A1/en
Publication of DE102012105180A1 publication Critical patent/DE102012105180A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/292Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and sheet metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/296Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and non-metallic or unspecified sheet-material

Abstract

The invention relates to a wall element having an outer shell, an inner shell, which is arranged opposite the outer shell, an insulating material which is arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and a foot region, wherein in the foot region at least one breakthrough is formed. Furthermore, the invention relates to an arrangement with a plurality of wall elements.

Description

  • The invention relates to a wall element and an arrangement.
  • Background of the invention
  • For the installation of walls of a building, various methods are known. A known type of mounting provides that a wall is fastened by means of a fastening element to a bottom plate. In the simplest case, the fastener is formed as an angle, which is bolted to the wall and the bottom plate. However, this creates thermal bridges at the attachment points, the thermal insulation of the building is not optimal.
  • In another construction, it is provided that a plurality of reinforcing elements with a certain length extend substantially vertically out of a base plate. A wall element is formed in its foot with holes, which receive each of the reinforcing elements during assembly. The wall element is effectively put on the bottom plate. The disadvantage here is that the material of the wall element is weakened due to the many required holes in a large area.
  • Summary of the invention
  • The object of the invention is to provide improved technologies for the construction of buildings, with which the assembly is simplified.
  • This object is achieved by a wall element according to independent claim 1 and an arrangement with a plurality of wall elements according to independent claim 8. Advantageous embodiments of the invention are the subject of dependent subclaims.
  • The invention comprises in one aspect a wall element with
    • - an outer shell,
    • An inner shell, which is arranged opposite the outer shell,
    • - An insulating material which is arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and
    • A foot area,
    wherein at least one breakthrough is formed in the foot region. According to a further aspect of the invention, there is provided an arrangement with a plurality of wall elements, the wall elements each comprising:
    • - an outer shell,
    • An inner shell, which is arranged opposite the outer shell,
    • - An insulating material which is arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and
    • A foot area,
    wherein in the foot region in each case at least one breakthrough is formed, wherein the wall elements are interconnected by means of connecting elements, and wherein the connecting elements are each received in recesses in corner regions of the inner shells of juxtaposed wall elements.
  • With the invention, a wall element is created, which is also referred to as a thermal wall. The wall element is preferably used as the outer wall of a building. The wall element has a much greater extension in length and height than in depth. The at least one aperture is formed along the depth of the wall element.
  • Due to the at least one opening in the foot region of the wall element, installation of the wall element to construct a building is very simple. The wall element is arranged at a predetermined position and held here by means of auxiliary supports. In the at least one breakthrough, a holding element is arranged. It can be provided that the holding element terminates on one side with an outer edge of the wall element. Alternatively, it may be provided that the retaining element extends on both sides of the wall element beyond the outer edges of the wall element, for example with equal lengths of the retaining element on both sides or with different lengths. The holding element may be formed, for example, as a reinforcement, in particular of a steel. Preferably, the holding element is arranged substantially at right angles to the wall element. An area around the wall element is poured with concrete to a height such that the at least one opening and the holding element arranged therein are completely covered by concrete. As a result, for example, a bottom plate of the building can be formed at the same time. After hardening of the concrete, the auxiliary supports can be removed. By means of the concreted retaining element, the wall element is stably mounted. As a result, the wall element can also stand as an independent element, that is without connection to other wall elements or parts of the building. The wall element is free of fasteners, so that thermal bridges are avoided.
  • Above the foot region further breakthroughs may be provided in the wall element. In the further breakthroughs, for example, doors or windows can be mounted.
  • The outer shell and the inner shell of the wall element are preferably arranged plane-parallel to one another. The outer shell, the inner shell and the foot area may be formed of the same material. Alternatively it can be provided that the outer shell, the inner shell and / or the foot area are formed of different materials. The outer shell, the inner shell and the foot area can each be made of concrete, a metal, a metal alloy, wood or a plastic.
  • The insulating material may be an artificial organic foam, such as polyethylene, polystyrene, Neopor, polyurethane or Resolschaum Alternatively, the insulating material may be mineral fibers such as mineral wool. The insulating material may be formed, for example in the form of a foam board.
  • It can be provided that a spacer is arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, for example made of stainless steel. The spacer prevents compression of the insulating material and increases the dimensional stability of the wall element.
  • Preferably, the outer shell, the inner shell and the insulating material each have different strengths. For example, the outer shell may have the least strength of the three components. With the strength of the insulating material, the effectiveness of a thermal insulation is significantly determined. The thickness of the inner shell determines the stability of the wall element. This is relevant for the statics of the building. For example, the outer shell 7 cm, the insulating material 8 cm and the inner shell 14 cm thick. Alternatively, for example, the outer shell and the inner shell may have the same thickness.
  • The at least one opening is preferably formed with a rectangular cross-section. Alternatively, the at least one breakthrough may have a square, round or oval cross-section.
  • The arrangement according to the invention can be easily mounted as described above. By means of the connecting elements, the alignment of the plurality of wall elements is ensured to each other. The wall elements are in this case "in flight" to each other. The overall view of the arrangement thereby acts monolithic. The connecting elements are in each case arranged in the recesses of the inner shells. They can be connected, for example, by means of a detachable connection with the inner shells, in particular with a screw connection. Alternatively it can be provided that the connecting elements are connected by means of a non-detachable connection with the inner shells, for example by means of an adhesive material.
  • A preferred embodiment of the invention provides that in the foot area a plurality of openings are formed, which are arranged with a uniform distance from each other. Alternatively it can be provided that the openings are arranged at irregular intervals to each other. Preferably, the plurality of apertures are formed with a cross-section which is uniform in shape and size. It may alternatively be provided that the plurality of openings have cross sections with different shapes and / or sizes. When mounting the wall element, a holding element is arranged in each breakthrough. As a result, the stability of the mounted wall element is further increased.
  • A development of the invention provides that the foot area is formed free of the insulating material. The at least one breakthrough runs exclusively through the material of the outer shell and the inner shell. Thermal bridges are avoided, while the strength of the wall element is increased.
  • According to a preferred embodiment it is provided that the outer shell, the inner shell and the foot area are integrally formed. Advantageously, the three components are made of the same material.
  • According to a further embodiment it can be provided that in the foot area a reinforcement is formed. The reinforcement increases the stability and strength of the wall element. For example, it can be provided that the reinforcement extends from the foot region into regions of the outer shell and / or the inner shell. For this purpose, the reinforcement can for example be substantially U-shaped. For example, the reinforcement is made of a steel.
  • A preferred embodiment provides that in a corner region of the inner shell, a recess for receiving a connecting element is formed. By means of the connecting element, two juxtaposed wall elements can be connected to one another. Preferably, the recess is formed in an upper corner region of the inner shell, which is set opposite to the foot area. It can be provided that the recess and the connecting element are formed positively to one another.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment it is provided that the inner shell is configured to receive vertical loads. As a result, the wall element is suitable to be used as a so-called load-bearing wall in the construction of a building.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the arrangement can be provided that the recesses are potted with a material that hardens after potting, for example with cement.
  • Description of preferred embodiments
  • The invention will be explained in more detail below by means of embodiments with reference to figures of a drawing. Hereby show:
  • 1 a schematic perspective view of a wall element,
  • 2 a schematic perspective view of a corner region of a wall element,
  • 3 a sectional view of a portion of a wall element and
  • 4 a schematic perspective view of an arrangement of two wall elements.
  • For the same elements, the same reference numerals will be used below.
  • 1 shows a schematic perspective view of a wall element with an outer shell 1 , an inner shell 2 and a damping material 3 , The inner shell 2 is the outer shell 1 arranged opposite. The insulation material 3 is between the outer shell 1 and the inner shell 2 arranged. In a foot area 4 is a breakthrough 5 educated. In the illustrated embodiment, the foot area 4 free from the insulation material 3 , The outer shell 1 , the inner shell 2 and the foot area 4 can be made of concrete. The heat material 3 can be an artificial organic foam.
  • 2 shows a section of a corner region of a wall element. A recess 6 is in the corner area of the inner shell 2 educated. In the recess 6 a connection element (not shown) can be received.
  • In 3 is a section through a side view of the lower portion of the wall element shown. In the foot area 4 is a reinforcement 7 brought in. The reinforcement 7 is substantially U-shaped and extends into portions of the outer shell 1 and the inner shell 2 into it.
  • 4 shows a schematic perspective arrangement of two wall elements. In the recess 6 a connecting element is arranged (not shown), with which the two wall elements are connected to each other. The connecting element can be connected to the two wall elements with a screw connection.
  • The features of the invention disclosed in the above description, the claims and the drawings may be of importance both individually and in any combination for the realization of the invention in its various embodiments.

Claims (9)

  1. Wall element with - an outer shell, An inner shell, which is arranged opposite the outer shell, - An insulating material which is arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and A foot area, wherein at least one breakthrough is formed in the foot region.
  2. Wall element according to claim 1, wherein in the foot region a plurality of openings are formed, which are arranged at a uniform distance from each other.
  3. Wall element according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the foot region is formed free of the insulating material.
  4. Wall element according to at least one of the preceding claims, wherein the outer shell, the inner shell and the foot area are integrally formed.
  5. Wall element according to at least one of the preceding claims, wherein in the foot region a reinforcement is formed.
  6. Wall element according to at least one of the preceding claims, wherein in a corner region of the inner shell a recess for receiving a connecting element is formed.
  7. Wall element according to at least one of the preceding claims, wherein the inner shell is configured to receive vertical loads.
  8. Arrangement with a plurality of wall elements, the wall elements each comprising: an outer shell, An inner shell, which is arranged opposite the outer shell, an insulating material which is arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and a foot region, wherein at least one breakthrough is formed in the foot region, the wall elements being connected to one another by means of connecting elements, and wherein the connecting elements are respectively received in recesses in corner regions of the inner shells of juxtaposed wall elements.
  9. Arrangement according to claim 8, wherein the recesses are potted with a material which cures after casting.
DE201210105180 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Wall element for use in assembly for building, has outer shell and inner shell arranged opposite to outer shell, where insulating material is arranged between outer shell and inner shell, and base area is provided with multiple openings Withdrawn DE102012105180A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201210105180 DE102012105180A1 (en) 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Wall element for use in assembly for building, has outer shell and inner shell arranged opposite to outer shell, where insulating material is arranged between outer shell and inner shell, and base area is provided with multiple openings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201210105180 DE102012105180A1 (en) 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Wall element for use in assembly for building, has outer shell and inner shell arranged opposite to outer shell, where insulating material is arranged between outer shell and inner shell, and base area is provided with multiple openings

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DE102012105180A1 true DE102012105180A1 (en) 2013-12-19

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DE201210105180 Withdrawn DE102012105180A1 (en) 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Wall element for use in assembly for building, has outer shell and inner shell arranged opposite to outer shell, where insulating material is arranged between outer shell and inner shell, and base area is provided with multiple openings

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4145861A (en) * 1975-01-07 1979-03-27 Ralph Yarnick Building construction method and system
DE19707575C2 (en) * 1996-02-29 1999-03-25 Helmut Dipl Ing Kohnert Prefabricated basement outer wall element
DE69931439T2 (en) * 1998-09-03 2006-12-28 Nolan, Edward, Ballysax Modular wall element
WO2011098678A1 (en) * 2010-02-11 2011-08-18 Sarl Aymard Structures One-piece prefabricated panel for wall construction

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4145861A (en) * 1975-01-07 1979-03-27 Ralph Yarnick Building construction method and system
DE19707575C2 (en) * 1996-02-29 1999-03-25 Helmut Dipl Ing Kohnert Prefabricated basement outer wall element
DE69931439T2 (en) * 1998-09-03 2006-12-28 Nolan, Edward, Ballysax Modular wall element
WO2011098678A1 (en) * 2010-02-11 2011-08-18 Sarl Aymard Structures One-piece prefabricated panel for wall construction

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