The additional patent relates to a further development of the apparatus and the method for the destruction of mites, insects, microorganisms, allergens and fungi in upholstered articles and in filled bedding according to the patent application with the file number 10 2012 007 245.7.
State of the art
The already disclosed technical versions of the patent application with the file number 10 2012 007 245.7 are supplemented in terms of their effectiveness and in terms of possible simplifications with further developments.
It has been known from the prior application, in addition to the need and the urgent need for this invention, in addition to the prior art, that carrier material can be injected into a body A having openings into which a conduit passes, while these bodies are spent in dunnage materials. An evacuation of the body takes place via a sucking airflow. 2/3 way valves are housed within a body to be decontaminated, and carrier material flows through them. Body B are equipped with light sources in translucent bodies. Technical means for controlling the system are not described.
The invention is therefore based on the object, processes relating to automation and control, as well as a more effective introduction and evacuation of substrate, as well as ways to save costs through simplifications. A development in which it is possible to dispense with an expensive assembly of valve technology within a subject to be decontaminated is desired. Furthermore, control by valves outside of an article to be decontaminated is favored to facilitate maintenance. The use of valves in which these are only passed by air prevents possible blockages of the same. It is also possible to dispense with complicated designs of valves, as the development of solid substances no longer come into direct contact with these. An air source in the form of an aggregate is limited to a sucking or blowing function in order to favor a simplification of the invention. A solution in which the highest possible illumination of the object to be contaminated, achieved by a suitable light source to irradiate as many pests, is required. The simple introduction and a hygienic removal and disposal of carrier material is very important and desired for allergy sufferers.
In an apparatus for destroying mites, insects, microorganisms. Allergens and fungi in upholstered articles and provided with filling bedding, the type described above, the object is achieved in that only a flow of air a filling and then an evacuation of the body A is carried out in the at least two lines. These are preferably perforated inside the body A and firmly connected, where they serve as a reservoir for introduced carrier material. In order to achieve a filling or evacuation of the body A, both a blowing and a sucking air flow can be used. An automatic control of these processes is controlled by 2/3 way valves, which are combined on a valve terminal and via a software, a programmable logic controller (PLC). A fieldbus connection on the valve terminal also allows external control of several units. This provides the tremendous benefits of automated operation, for example, in the disinfection of mattresses in hospitals, hotels, nursing homes or sanatoriums with numerous beds.
The mounting of valves on a valve terminal outside of an object to be contaminated offers considerable advantages in the maintenance area. The use of shut-off collection containers, preferably cartridges that absorb decontaminated carrier material, ensures a safe method of removal of allergens. The introduction of carrier material is greatly facilitated. Particularly suitable as a carrier material is a tampon, which forms a very clean and practical alternative, for example to granules. Blockages, which for whatever reason could occur, are prevented.
Allergens are filtered by a micro-filter in a Vorschaltvorrichtung before entering the vacuum cleaner and thus do not get through the air outlet on the vacuum cleaner, which often have only an insufficient filter technology in the environment. The use of sensors, in this case a humidity sensor and a temperature sensor, with an analog connection of the valve terminal, enable individual control and optimization of the control processes, based on the prevailing conditions. Through the use of LEDs, which are mounted and connected in series on a band in sequence, a flexible installation and the largest possible, effective illumination within a decontaminated object is possible.
A further development of the invention, an extremely user-friendly and kostenundliche variant of the invention provides that it can be operated with a household standard vacuum source. Household vacuum cleaners are particularly suitable for this purpose. The invention is therefore accessible without valve technology and without an aggregate a group of people who is interested in a particularly cost-effective way to allow the use of the invention. Due to the exclusive operation by means of a vacuum source, it is possible to carry out a decontamination of the body A in a particularly effective manner.
As already stated, lead in this development, two lines in body A, which are located in an object to be decontaminated. The introduction and evacuation of substrate is done here manually via a ballast, which is manually connected by means of a clutch in each case to one of the two lines of a body A and is conveniently connected to a vacuum source with a household vacuum cleaner. This embodiment offers the advantage that already in the vicinity or in the interior of the body A located pests and allergens are sucked in by the vacuum flow, since not all pests directly on the substrate but just in the migration in the body A located on or in the immediate vicinity. Despite the openings of the bodies A, a vacuum flow is still effective enough to ensure evacuation of the bodies and to introduce decontaminated carrier material into the collection container in the form of a cartridge.
Particularly suitable as a carrier material is a tampon, which forms a very clean and practical alternative, for example, to granules or small beads. Blockages, which for whatever reason could occur, are prevented. Allergens are filtered by a micro-filter in the ballast before entering the vacuum cleaner and thus do not get through the air outlet to a vacuum source, especially in household vacuum cleaners, which often have only an insufficient filter technology in the environment. Valve technology is not needed. The cost of making this development compared to a device with valve technology is reduced considerably. Through the use of LED lights which are mounted on a band in succession, a flexible installation and the largest possible, effective illumination within a decontaminated object is possible.
A further embodiment of the invention provides, instead of carrying out a single line into a body A, and perforating it in the region in which it lies inside the body A. The carrier material thus remains in this perforated part of the conduit and the insects thus penetrate through these openings and colonize the carrier material, after which they have passed through the openings of a body A. This design offers save material save a big advantage because of a lower installation cost.
Further features and advantages of the invention and the exact operation and explanation of the components will become apparent from the following description, are explained in the embodiments of the invention with reference to two schematic drawings. Showing:
1 a detail of a mattress body with 2/3 way valves outside the mattress with LED light bar.
2 shows a simplified variant of the invention, exclusively with Sangfunktion without valves with 2 lines each leading into a body A and LED light bar and two adapters for a vacuum source
1 shows an embodiment of the invention only with the aid of a blowing air flow, without the use of a suction function by an aggregate. 2/3 way valves on the valve terminal 29 which are located outside of an object to be decontaminated and on a valve terminal 29 are controlled by a memory programmed controller (PLC) and the corresponding hardware. The connection for the control takes place via a fieldbus connection 30 , From the 2/3 way valves on the valve terminal 29 which have an entrance connected to a source 40 connected, which can produce a unidirectional air flow, lead two tubular conduits 31 . 32 so in a body A 2 in that they are opposite each other on the sides.
Into the line 31 is a tightly wrapped body 33 , preferably a cartridge, which with carrier material 11 filled is inserted. management 31 leads into this body 33 in and out at the other end. The carrier material 11 is at a blowing function of the 2/3 way valves 29 whose air flow into the air line 31 leads, from the collecting body 33 , shown here in the form of a cartridge, in the body A 2 blown. A filter 34 the in the cable end of the line 32 is mounted, which in the body A 2 ensures that the carrier material remains deposited in the area of the body A. In a desired evacuation of the body A 2 The air flow is in reverse order, in the over 2/3 way valves of the valve terminal 29 now over the line 32 an airflow into the body A 2 blown and thereby the carrier material contained therein 11 into the pipe 31 gets to there in the collecting body 33 to be included. The line is preferred 31 which in the body A 2 leads inside the body A 2 perforates and joins seamlessly with the pipe 32 at.
Further shows 1 a filter cartridge 34 , directly on the right side of a collecting body 33 that prevents operator errors in carrier material 11 can get into the area of the valves. The shut-off devices 42 . 43 , preferably ball valves on the right and left of the collecting body 33 , become when introducing carrier material 11 into the body A 2 opened and at a withdrawal of a filled after an evacuation collecting body 33 , locked. The collecting body 33 is preferably a plug-in connection with an easy-to-open connection in the line 31 inserted. In the object to be decontaminated, here a mattress, there is a flexible LED light bar 36 which through a pipe 37 Operating voltage receives. Additionally are in 2 a temperature sensor 35 and a humidity sensor 38 to recognize which over the lines 39 and 44 are connected to an analog module input on the valve terminal.
In 1 is also an embodiment of the invention with the aid of a sucking air flow, shown without the use of a blowing function by an aggregate. From the 2/3 way valves on the valve terminal 29 which have an entrance connected to a source 40 connected, which can produce a unidirectional air flow, lead two tubular conduits 31 . 32 so in a body A 2 in that they are opposite each other on the sides. Spent carrier material in the collecting body 33 , This is a suction air at the end of the line 32 , which leads to a 2/3 way valve, is placed in the body A 2 spent. An evacuation of the body A 2 takes place in which the suction air flow at the end of the line 31 which leads to a 2/3 way valve.
2 shows an embodiment of the invention, which is operated only by sucking function without valve technology. There are two tubular pipes 31 . 32 so in a body A 2 in that they are opposite each other on the sides. The line is preferred 31 which enter the body A 2 leads inside the body A 2 performs and joins seamlessly with those with leadership 32 designated line on. The open ends of the pipes 31 . 32 lead through a bar 46 a mattress body 1 out of this. adapter essays 47 balmy 58 allow connection to commercially available. Vacuum generating devices, preferably household vacuum cleaner. A fine filter 48 , prevents the penetration of allergenic substances into the vacuum generating source. A shut-off device 49 is opened during a decontamination process. Likewise the shut-off device 51 , The shut-off devices are each at an open end of a collecting body 50 appropriate. A connecting part 52 , preferably a quick coupling, allows a quick connection of the described ballast unit 54 to which the quick coupling 56 , the wires 32 , A connecting part 60 of the adapter 58 allows connection to the couplings 57 and thus to the lines 32 ,
To an introduction gem. 2 into the body A 2 make, which is the ballast unit 54 by means of the quick coupling 52 and a counterpart of the quick coupling 56 one of the cable ends of the cables 31 connected after previously carrier material 11 in the collecting body 50 has been introduced. Shut-off 49 and 51 will be opened. The adapter attachment 58 will then be at his side 59 with a vacuum source 53 connected. The coupling unit 60 comes with a counterpart 57 one of the line ends 32 connected. After switching on the vacuum source 53 , creates a vacuum flow, which is the carrier material 11 from the collecting body 50 into the body A 2 passes. The filter 34 prevents forwarding to the line 32 , In a desired Dekontaminierungsvorgang takes place a connection of the vacuum source 53 to the adapter 47 , After switching on the vacuum source 53 becomes decontaminated carrier material 11 following from the body A 2 in the collecting body 50 spent. The filter 48 prevents allergens and solid bodies from entering the vacuum source. Shut-off 49 and 51 are closed. After disengaging the quick coupling 52 and after loosening the adapter connection 47 for guiding the vacuum source 53 , it is possible decontaminated material 11 from the collection container 50 after opening the shut-off device 51 or a complete removal of the collecting body 50 with its barriers 49 . 51 , dispose.
LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
- mattress body
- Body A
- Openings body A
- grid container
- Bracket grate container
- support material
- Grommet, seal suction and blow line Body A
- Valve terminal with 2/3 way valves
- Fieldbus connection
- Collecting body, cartridge
- filter cartridge
- temperature sensor
- LED light bar
- power supply
- humidity sensors
- Line humidity sensors
- air source
- Air line to the valve terminal
- Barrier, ball valve
- Barrier, ball valve
- Cable temperature sensor
- Adapter to the vacuum source
- fine filter
- Ball valve, barrier
- collecting body
- Ball valve, barrier
- quick coupling
- Vacuum source connection
- Feedforward unit for cable ends 56
- Connection adapter for cable ends 57
- Couplings of the cables 31
- Couplings of the cables 32
- adapter top
- Page to the vacuum source