DE102011112303A1 - Method for verifying origin and trade of precious stone e.g. diamond, involves certifying polished precious stone by independent test laboratory and assessing value of precious stone - Google Patents

Method for verifying origin and trade of precious stone e.g. diamond, involves certifying polished precious stone by independent test laboratory and assessing value of precious stone Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102011112303A1
DE102011112303A1 DE102011112303A DE102011112303A DE102011112303A1 DE 102011112303 A1 DE102011112303 A1 DE 102011112303A1 DE 102011112303 A DE102011112303 A DE 102011112303A DE 102011112303 A DE102011112303 A DE 102011112303A DE 102011112303 A1 DE102011112303 A1 DE 102011112303A1
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Prior art keywords
stone
stones
certificate
polished
trade
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DE102011112303A
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German (de)
Inventor
Bernd Schirmer
Original Assignee
Bernd Schirmer
Christoffel Johannes Smit
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Application filed by Bernd Schirmer, Christoffel Johannes Smit filed Critical Bernd Schirmer
Priority to DE102011112303A priority Critical patent/DE102011112303A1/en
Publication of DE102011112303A1 publication Critical patent/DE102011112303A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/08Logistics, e.g. warehousing, loading, distribution or shipping; Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement or balancing against orders
    • G06Q10/083Shipping
    • G06Q10/0838Historical data
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0601Electronic shopping
    • G06Q30/0609Buyer or seller confidence or verification
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0601Electronic shopping
    • G06Q30/0623Item investigation

Abstract

The present invention relates to a method for the at least semi-automatic verification of the origin and the trade of a gemstone, in particular a diamond, with the following steps:
1. stone / stones are / are found / promoted;
2. stone / stones are / are registered;
3. Permits and certificates for the extraction of stones, in particular rough diamonds, shall be examined;
4. Stone / stones are / are brought into the trade;
5. stone / stones come / come to certification facility;
6. stone / stones is / are processed (planning piece of jewelery);
7. Stone / stones are ground (polished);
8. several polished stones from a rough stone;
9. stone / stones is / are polished and prepared for certification by independent testing laboratories;
10th stone goes to the test laboratory;
11. assessment of the value of the stone (s); and or
12th polished stone goes into international trade.
The subject matter of the present invention is furthermore a method for the at least semi-automatic production of a certificate, with information on criteria relating to the origin and with regard to the individual trading or processing stages of a gem, preferably with regard to a fair and ethical trade of the gem, comprising the steps of a method according to the invention wherein certificates are held in a database accessible via a communication network such as the Internet, preferably for verifying a certificate of at least one gemstone.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a method for the at least semi-automatic verification of the origin and the trade of a gemstone, in particular a diamond.
  • The aim here is in particular an at least partially automatic creation of a certificate, with information on criteria relating to the origin and with respect to the individual trading or processing stages of a gemstone, preferably with regard to a fair and ethical trade of the gemstone.
  • The subject matter of the present invention is also a certificate holding database according to the invention, which can be accessed advantageously via a communication network such as the Internet, preferably for checking a certificate of at least one gemstone.
  • The solution according to the invention is explained in more detail below with reference to the individual method steps:
    • 1. stone / stones are / are found / promoted;
    • 2. stone / stones are / are registered;
    • 3. Permits and certificates for the extraction of stones, in particular rough diamonds, shall be examined;
    • 4. Stone / stones are / are brought into the trade;
    • 5. stone / stones come / come to certification facility;
    • 6. stone / stones is / are processed (planning piece of jewelery);
    • 7. Stone / stones are ground (polished);
    • 8. several polished stones from a rough stone;
    • 9. stone / stones is / are polished and prepared for certification by independent testing laboratories;
    • 10th stone goes to the test laboratory;
    • 11. assessment of the value of the stone (s); and or
    • 12th polished stone goes into international trade.
  • In the context of the inventive at least partially automatic creation of a certificate, the verification of a fair and ethical trade of gems enabling and guaranteeing information in the respective individual steps are recorded and assigned to the certificate. The information and assignments are advantageously carried out in such a way that a clear and complete identity of gemstones can be traced in a simple manner.
  • The individual aforementioned steps according to the invention are advantageously - but not necessarily - all used. However, the invention also provides solutions in which individual steps are not used. Furthermore, the invention relates to solutions in which the order of individual steps is changed.
  • Further details, features and advantages of the invention will be explained in more detail below with reference to exemplary embodiments of the individual steps according to the invention.
  • Step 1: Stone / stones are / are found / promoted
  • The finding or mining of stones is done by one of the following parties:
    • a) Medium to Large Mine (company or company)
    • b) SM (Small Scale Miner (person / party who has his own claim))
    • c) Digger (Occasional Tombs)
  • The stones are selected by tape, cleaned, washed, sorted and then packed into a package or, depending on the size of the stones are sorted out individually. For this purpose, the following information is advantageously declared or declared in the certificate:
    • - country of origin and region from which the stone comes
    • - Parcel code (which may be that of party a, b or c or even the certification body to later uniquely identify and classify the package) and / or
    • - Date when the stone was found or when the stone first appeared in the assortment of party a, b or c
  • This step is advantageously only monitored and confirmed by the certification facility. Monitoring is advantageously carried out in that criteria with regard to the conditions and the mine / claim are recorded on site.
  • Step 2: Stone is registered
  • In order to validly confirm that the stone or stones originate from the above mentioned country or region, the name (or other unique identification information) of the party a, b or c must be entered and confirmed, for example by stamping or Provided with a stamp (also electronic). The date provides information about the registration and registration, in particular in the evidence (eg books) of the respective parties (persons / companies). For this purpose, the following information is advantageously provided in the certificate:
    • - Sponsored by Party (a, b or c)
    • - date of registration in the books of the party (a, b or c)
    • - Stamp and optional signature (sometimes electronically) and / or
    • - exact weight or specific weight of the rough stone
  • Step 3: Permits and certificates for the extraction of stones, in particular rough diamonds, will be examined
  • In order to ensure that the stone and the party (a, b or c) are registered and that the necessary certificates are available, the party (a, b or c) must obtain the so-called "Diamond Mining License" and the registration data of the party ( a, b or c). This makes it advantageously understandable on the part of the certification facility whether all permits have been issued. Using the number, the certification body checks, for example, the South African Diamond and Precious Metal Regulator or similar, whether all information is correct and conclusive (legal and truthful).
  • Without the aforementioned permits of the South African Diamond and Precious Metal Regulator nobody is allowed to mine, process and / or export stones. The permits are advantageously presented to the certification facility upon initial contact with party a, b or c, and then entered into the certification database. Advantageously, the validity of the permits is continuously checked, preferably automated.
  • The following information is advantageously provided in the certificate according to the invention:
    • - indication of the license number and / or
    • - indication of registration number and party (a, b or c)
  • Step 4: Stone / stones are / are brought into the trade
  • After the stone and all necessary licenses have been tested, it is given in its raw form in the trade. This happens in four different ways:
    • 1. by national tender
    • 2. by private tender
    • 3. by direct contact with the certification organization, for example by party a, b or c and / or
    • 4. by third parties who are in direct contact with party a, b or c
  • Tender is the name for a diamond exchange or a diamond trading center.
  • In order to ensure that all legitimations for the transfer to the trade are available, the certification body advantageously again requests the information of the party (person / company / company) which gives the stone to the trade. Reason for the renewed query is a possible interposition of dealers, who are in direct contact with the party a, b or c (see paragraph 4 above). Theoretically, a change of ownership could already have taken place here.
  • The following information is advantageously provided in the certificate according to the invention:
    • - Goods delivered / purchased by
    • - Date and / or
    • - Stamp and signature (sometimes electronically)
  • Step 5: Stone / stones come / come to certification facility
  • Here are two options:
  • Possibility Number 1:
  • The certification body receives the stone (s) and completes the information until it is processed and then issues the certificate.
  • Option 2:
  • Certification facility has the stone / stones already and continues to supplement.
  • Party a, b or c shall certify or warrant to the certification facility for further processing or sale that the information provided by party a, b or c is lawful and in accordance with the laws and legal conditions (eg money laundering laws , UN resolutions and / or international trade regulations). The warranty is or will be reviewed by the certification body, including, for example, a personal review of the parties (a, b, or c). In this case, parties (a, b or c) may be personally known or in personal business relationships. Stones are not accepted or acquired by unknown parties and by parties that have not allowed site monitoring of conditions and mine / claim criteria or criteria that do not meet the requirements of the certification body.
  • Advantageously, all suppliers (party a, b and / or c) of the certification facility give the information. Advantageously, all details of the certificate are retrieved from the database. Thus, a delivery control is realized by the certification facility.
  • The information or data up to this point must be registered or supplemented by the certification body as part of the review for information on missing criteria. If, prior to the processing process, information on criteria is missing, the stone is advantageously neither traded nor processed.
  • Stones arriving at a tender of the certification facility must, before being offered for sale, advantageously have a certificate according to the invention or the information / information in the certificate must be completely present up to the processing process. If the purchaser wishes to issue the certificate, he must submit all details of the further processing.
  • Step 6: Stone / stones are being processed (planning piece of jewelery)
  • Each rough stone is now processed and ground to a gem stone (GEM Quality). With the help of processing technologies (for example, laser machines / OGI) it is advantageously ensured that the maximum revenue is taken from the stone and the maximum value added is made possible. For this purpose, a small print is made before the stone goes to certification (international certification bodies) and polishing, enclosed with the finished result and a check of the sanding loss takes place before he goes to the polisher. This allows the polishing process to be tracked and checked as to whether the stone remains in the previously calculated standards before it is completed and reaches the test sites.
  • Step 7: Stone / stones are ground (polished)
  • The stone is then ground using the calculated optimum shape and checked by the certification body before completion. If the stone complies with the standard and quality, the polisher enters its name and the date of completion in the certificate or database. This is confirmed by his signature and a stamp (sometimes electronically). For this purpose, the following information is advantageously provided in the certificate:
    • - Polished by
    • - Date and / or
    • - Signature and stamp
  • Step 8: Several polished stones from a rough stone
  • In many cases, the rough stones are of the form (naturally grown crystal structure) suitable for polishing of several stones. To determine this, each stone is technologically tested as mentioned above. If a positive result is obtained, the certification body will record each of the resulting stones separately. For this purpose, a new certificate will be issued for each individual stone. Apart from the
    • - Number of polished stones
    All information of the previous certificate of a stone is taken over and then added chronologically. This means that the number of "number of polished stones" is continuously recorded and displayed from 1 to XX. For example: 1/3 or 3/3.
  • When the certificate is checked, it can be seen from the number greater than 1 that several stones have been created from the original rough diamond.
  • The following information is advantageously provided in the certificate according to the invention:
    • - number of polished stones (total number of stones)
    • - number (example: 2/4) and / or
    • - Karatzahl (only for the mentioned polished stone)
  • Step 9 Stone / Stones is / are finished polished and prepared for certification by independent testing laboratories
  • After the stone has been polished, it is cooked, cleaned and prepared for further certification. After this process, the stone is no longer touched but only lifted or examined by tweezers. In this context, one speaks of a clinically pure stone.
  • Up to the time of certification of the stone by testing laboratories (HRD or GIA), all information is advantageously contained in the certificate according to the invention.
  • Advantageously, the certification facility works exclusively with HRD and / or GIA as test laboratories. If required, however, other test laboratories can also be included or integrated into the certification.
  • Step 10 Stein goes to the test lab
  • The finished stone now goes with the certificate to the test laboratory to receive his graduation. This means that the stone is now being assessed and evaluated by an international independent testing laboratory, in this case advantageously only by GIA and / or HRD. Here the stone gets its actual value.
  • After the value has been determined, the certificate number is lasered into the stone and the certificate number is noted on the test report of the laboratory or clearly linked to it.
  • Thereafter, the certification body receives the stone with the test report back.
  • The results of the test report are entered or recorded in the appropriate entries of the certificate in the database. The following information is advantageously provided in the certificate according to the invention:
    • - Stone grinding
    • - carat
    • - Colour
    • - purity
    • - test laboratory and / or
    • - Laboratory certificate number / test report number
  • Step 11: Estimation of the value of the stone (especially in US dollars)
  • This assessment serves only as a guideline and as an orientation to trade and is advantageously given not by the certification body but by an independent organization. For example, the weekly Rapaport (RAPAPORT DIAMOND REPORT) is the indication price for polished stones and serves as a value orientation. Advantageously, the certificate has a related explanation.
  • Step 12: polished stone goes into international trade
  • If all the information in the certificate is recorded and contained and confirmed by a new inspection or review, the stone goes into international trade. The final and final inspection is carried out by the certification body, preferably by at least three persons who confirm the correctness and the guarantee of the information by the name and a signature.
  • The following information is advantageously provided in the certificate according to the invention:
    Name and signature of persons (sometimes electronically) and / or
    (optional) seal (sometimes electronically)
  • Afterwards, the certificate receives a seal (sometimes also electronically) and, together with the test report, enters the polished stone trading market in the world-wide stock exchanges (eg Antwerp, New York, Mumbai, Hong Kong).
  • According to a further embodiment of the invention, a certificate according to the invention is printed on paper by the certification institution. The paper format of the printed certificate is chosen such that it can not be produced with conventional printing devices (laser and / or inkjet printer for PCs). Preferably, the certificate to be created in paper form a square shape, wherein a side of the square is greater than one of the side lengths of a standard paper format according to DIN A3 or A4. In a further advantageous embodiment of the invention, the present in paper form certificate is provided with at least one holographic identifier, which is uniquely associated with the stone and thus the certificate and can recognize this assignment. Furthermore, the certificate advantageously has at least one security feature which prevents a simple photocopying of a certificate, for example in the manner of watermarks or patterns of lines and / or dots that are not detectable by copying machines and thus can not be copied.
  • 1 shows a basic embodiment of a certificate according to the invention in paper form.
  • The described and / or illustrated embodiments of the invention are merely illustrative of the invention and are not limitative of it.

Claims (5)

  1. Process for the at least semi-automatic verification of the origin and trade of a gemstone, in particular a diamond, comprising the following steps: 1. stone / stones are / are found / promoted; 2. stone / stones are / are registered; 3. Permits and certificates for the extraction of stones, in particular rough diamonds, shall be examined; 4. Stone / stones are / are brought into the trade; 5. stone / stones come / come to certification facility; 6. stone / stones is / are processed (planning piece of jewelery); 7. Stone / stones are ground (polished); 8. several polished stones from a rough stone; 9. stone / stones is / are polished and prepared for certification by independent testing laboratories; Stein goes to the test laboratory; 11. assessment of the value of the stone (s); and or 12th polished stone goes into international trade.
  2. Process for the at least partially automatic production of a certificate, with information on criteria relating to the origin and with respect to the individual trading or processing stages of a gemstone, preferably with regard to a fair and ethical trade of the gemstone, comprising the steps of a method according to claim 1, characterized in that Certificates are kept in a database, which is accessible via a communication network such as the Internet, preferably for checking a certificate of at least one gemstone.
  3. A method according to claim 2, characterized in that a prepared in the database certificate is printed by a certification facility using a printing device in paper form, the paper format of the printed certificate is chosen such that this paper to be created certificate has a square shape, where one side of the square is larger than one of the side lengths of a standard paper format according to DIN A3 or A4.
  4. A method according to claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the present in paper form certificate is provided with at least one holographic identifier, which is uniquely associated with the stone and thus the certificate and can identify this assignment.
  5. Method according to one of claims 2 to 4, characterized in that the certificate has at least one security feature, which prevents easy photocopying of the certificate, preferably a security feature on the nature of a watermark or a pattern of lines and / or points that can not be detected by copy machines and are copyable.
DE102011112303A 2011-09-05 2011-09-05 Method for verifying origin and trade of precious stone e.g. diamond, involves certifying polished precious stone by independent test laboratory and assessing value of precious stone Withdrawn DE102011112303A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102011112303A DE102011112303A1 (en) 2011-09-05 2011-09-05 Method for verifying origin and trade of precious stone e.g. diamond, involves certifying polished precious stone by independent test laboratory and assessing value of precious stone

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102011112303A DE102011112303A1 (en) 2011-09-05 2011-09-05 Method for verifying origin and trade of precious stone e.g. diamond, involves certifying polished precious stone by independent test laboratory and assessing value of precious stone

Publications (1)

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DE102011112303A1 true DE102011112303A1 (en) 2013-03-07

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104395094A (en) * 2013-04-26 2015-03-04 株式会社中央宝石研究所 Diamond certificate and method for creating said certificate

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104395094A (en) * 2013-04-26 2015-03-04 株式会社中央宝石研究所 Diamond certificate and method for creating said certificate
CN104395094B (en) * 2013-04-26 2016-12-21 株式会社中央宝石研究所 The testimonial of diamond and testimonial manufacture method thereof

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R119 Application deemed withdrawn, or ip right lapsed, due to non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20140401