DE102011003231A1 - Method for automatically performing a driving maneuver - Google Patents

Method for automatically performing a driving maneuver

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Publication number
DE102011003231A1
DE102011003231A1 DE102011003231A DE102011003231A DE102011003231A1 DE 102011003231 A1 DE102011003231 A1 DE 102011003231A1 DE 102011003231 A DE102011003231 A DE 102011003231A DE 102011003231 A DE102011003231 A DE 102011003231A DE 102011003231 A1 DE102011003231 A1 DE 102011003231A1
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
motor vehicle
detection system
driving maneuver
sensors
method according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
DE102011003231A
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German (de)
Inventor
Albrecht Irion
Christian Pampus
Kai Penske
Florian Raisch
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Robert Bosch GmbH
Original Assignee
Robert Bosch GmbH
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Publication date
Family has litigation
Application filed by Robert Bosch GmbH filed Critical Robert Bosch GmbH
Priority to DE102011003231A priority Critical patent/DE102011003231A1/en
Publication of DE102011003231A1 publication Critical patent/DE102011003231A1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=45569576&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=DE102011003231(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D15/00Steering not otherwise provided for
    • B62D15/02Steering position indicators ; Steering position determination; Steering aids
    • B62D15/027Parking aids, e.g. instruction means
    • B62D15/0285Parking performed automatically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D1/00Steering controls, i.e. means for initiating a change of direction of the vehicle

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for automatically performing a driving maneuver with a motor vehicle (7), comprising the following steps: (a) detecting the surroundings of the motor vehicle (7) with a first detection system while driving past a parking space (1), (b) Calculate a trajectory (11) along which the motor vehicle (7) is moved during the driving maneuver, based on the environmental data recorded in step (a), (c) automatic movement of the motor vehicle (7) along the trajectory (11) to carry out the driving maneuver The surroundings of the motor vehicle (7) are recorded with a second detection system different from the first while the motor vehicle (7) is moving. The invention also relates to a device for performing the method.

Description

  • The invention relates to a method for automatically performing a driving maneuver in which in a first step, the environment of the motor vehicle is detected and in a second step based on the acquired data of the environment, a trajectory is calculated, along which the motor vehicle is moved during the driving maneuver.
  • State of the art
  • Methods for assisting a driver of a motor vehicle are, for example, methods that assist the driver when parking the motor vehicle or when driving on narrow streets. The present invention particularly relates to such methods that assist the driver in a parking maneuver in a parking space.
  • In methods for assisting the driver in a parking maneuver, a distinction is made between semi-automatic methods and fully automatic methods. In semiautomatic methods, a trajectory is calculated and the driver is given instructions on how to move the motor vehicle in order to park along the trajectory in the parking space. In contrast, in fully automatic systems, the parking process is completely taken over by the driver assistance system and the motor vehicle automatically parked in the parking space.
  • In order to move the motor vehicle into the parking space, first a path along which the motor vehicle is to be moved is calculated, a so-called trajectory. To calculate it is necessary to know the geometry of the parking space and the position of the motor vehicle. The geometry of the parking space is detected with suitable sensors. On the basis of the data acquired by the sensors, an environment map of the motor vehicle can be generated and a suitable trajectory calculated in the parking space. The motor vehicle is then moved along the trajectory into the parking space.
  • However, when capturing the environment, only an instantaneous image is created so that objects that move are not detected in terms of their speed and direction. For this reason, the environment of the motor vehicle is continuously monitored even during the parking process continues with the help of the sensors.
  • In addition, there is a risk in current systems that the driver of the motor vehicle activates the system for automatic parking and then leaves the motor vehicle, as this relies on the car being automatically parked in the parking space without his intervention. To prevent the driver from leaving the motor vehicle and running the driving maneuver without the presence of the driver, for example DE-A 10 2006 056 094 It is known to deactivate the automatic assistance system during a maneuver as soon as it is recognized that the driver is not present. The presence of the driver is necessary in order to monitor the driving maneuver and to intervene in case of unforeseen circumstances.
  • Disclosure of the invention
  • Advantages of the invention
  • The method according to the invention for automatically carrying out a driving maneuver with a motor vehicle comprises the following steps:
    • (a) detecting the surroundings of the motor vehicle with a first detection system while driving past a parking space,
    • (b) calculating a trajectory along which the motor vehicle is moved during the driving maneuver based on the environmental data acquired in step (a);
    • (C) automatically moving the motor vehicle along the trajectory for performing the driving maneuver, wherein the environment of the motor vehicle is detected with a second different from the first detection system while the motor vehicle is moving.
  • By monitoring with two different detection systems, an additional level of security is built in to monitor the environment of the vehicle during the maneuver. The systems operate independently of each other, a data fusion, as is done in known from the prior art method, is not necessary.
  • As a first detection system for detecting the environment of the motor vehicle sensors are usually used on the motor vehicle. These are generally in the front and in the rear of the vehicle. In addition, it is also possible to provide additional sensors on the sides of the motor vehicle. Sensors that can be used to detect the environment are, for example, ultrasonic sensors, infrared sensors, radar sensors or LIDAR sensors and optical sensors. In the context of the present invention, optical sensors are also referred to as cameras, the recorded images of which are evaluated by image processing software. Particularly preferred as sensors of the first detection system for detecting the environment of the motor vehicle are ultrasonic sensors.
  • As sensors of the second detection system, the same sensor types can be used as for the first detection system. According to the invention, the sensor types of the first detection system and the second detection system are different. Particularly preferred as sensors for the second detection system are optical sensors, very particularly preferred are cameras. If optical sensors are used as sensors for the first detection system, it is possible to use optical sensors for the second detection system as well. In this case, the data collected by the first and second detection systems are evaluated in different ways.
  • The sensors for detecting the environment are usually positioned in the front and in the rear bumper of the motor vehicle. Due to the installation position, however, only one area in front of the motor vehicle and behind the motor vehicle are detected. The areas directly next to the motor vehicle can not be detected by the sensors due to their installation position. However, the detection range in the front or rear area of the motor vehicle not only includes the area that is located directly in front of the motor vehicle, but also extends - depending on the range of the sensors - a little way to the left and right over the sides of the Motor vehicle addition.
  • In particular, to also detect the area next to the motor vehicle, sensors are positioned in the front bumper, which have their detection area to the left and to the right. Additionally or alternatively, sensors can also be positioned in the rear bumper in such a way that they detect an area to the left and to the right of the motor vehicle.
  • With the aid of the sensors, the distance to objects in the surroundings of the motor vehicle is determined by sending a signal from the sensors, which is reflected by an object. From the duration of the signal, the distance to the object can be determined. The direction to the object results from the measured distances of at least two sensors. In the case of optical sensors, in particular cameras, image processing software is used for the evaluation and determination of the distance.
  • From the data collected with the sensors, an environment map can be created. In the map of the surroundings, the outlines of objects that, for example, define a parking space are recorded. On the basis of the limitations given by the objects, it is possible to determine whether the parking space is suitable for parking the motor vehicle therein. If this is the case, a trajectory along which the motor vehicle is to be moved is determined in order to carry out the driving maneuver, in particular the parking maneuver.
  • To create the environment map and to calculate the trajectory usually a control device of a driver assistance system, for example, a control unit of a parking assistance system is used. The control unit is transferred the data detected by the sensors, so that the control unit determines the area map. Alternatively, it is also possible to provide the sensors with suitable processors so that the sensors can already calculate the environment map with each other. From the data of the environment map is then determined with a suitable software, which is stored in the control unit, the trajectory.
  • According to the environment of the motor vehicle is detected with the second detection system during the implementation of the driving maneuver. When the environment is detected, it is checked if the environment map changes. When changing the map of the surroundings, it is possible to infer a moving object. The optical sensors of the second detection system are preferably positioned in the front area, in the rear area and laterally on the motor vehicle, for example in the area of the exterior mirrors. This makes it possible to capture the entire environment around the motor vehicle.
  • With the help of the control device, the longitudinal guidance and the transverse guidance of the motor vehicle are controlled during the driving maneuver. For this purpose, for example, the brakes of the motor vehicle, the accelerator pedal and the steering are controlled to accelerate the vehicle, decelerate and steer.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the data captured by the first detection system is transferred to a portable controller. By using the portable control unit, it is possible to monitor the maneuver outside the motor vehicle. The driver no longer necessarily has to sit in the driver's seat during the maneuver.
  • In order for the driver or another user to be able to monitor the driving maneuver during its execution, the data acquired by the second detection system during the driving maneuver are also transmitted to the portable control unit. In this case, it is particularly preferred if the acquired data are displayed in the form of an environment map on a display device of the portable control device. Any display device known to the person skilled in the art is suitable as the display device.
  • To ensure that a user is constantly monitoring the maneuver while it is being performed, the portable controller includes a switch that must be operated without interruption during the maneuver. Upon release of the switch, the driving maneuver is stopped by the motor vehicle is stopped immediately to a standstill. In order to brake the motor vehicle to a standstill, the portable control unit sends a signal to a control unit in the motor vehicle which controls the driving maneuver. The control unit in the motor vehicle then actuates the brakes in order to stop the motor vehicle.
  • In order to allow the driver of the motor vehicle to monitor the maneuver outside the motor vehicle, the data to the portable control unit are preferably wirelessly, for example via radio transmitted. For data transmission, for example, Bluetooth or WiFi are suitable.
  • The driving maneuver that is performed with the method according to the invention is, in particular, a parking maneuver. The parking maneuver can be either a parking maneuver in a transverse parking space or a parking maneuver in a Längsparklücke.
  • A device according to the invention for carrying out the method comprises a first detection system and a second detection system for detecting the surroundings of the motor vehicle, a control device for determining a trajectory along which the driving maneuver is carried out, and for controlling the motor vehicle during the driving maneuver as well as a portable control device a display device for displaying the data acquired by the first and second detection system and a switch which is continuously operated during the driving maneuver and sends a signal when released to cancel the driving maneuver.
  • Brief description of the drawings
  • An embodiment of the invention is shown in the single figure and will be explained in more detail in the following description.
  • The single figure shows an example of a parking maneuver in a transverse parking space with the method according to the invention.
  • Embodiments of the invention
  • The single FIGURE shows a parking maneuver of a motor vehicle in a transverse parking space.
  • A transverse parking space 1 is usually limited laterally by objects, such as vehicles, posts, walls or walls or lines In the embodiment shown here is the transverse parking space 1 from a first vehicle 3 on one side and on the opposite side of a second vehicle 5 limited.
  • On a first pass by with a motor vehicle 7 becomes the environment of the motor vehicle 7 with suitable sensors 9 a first detection system detected. Suitable sensors for the first detection system are, for example, ultrasonic sensors, infrared sensors, radar sensors, LIDAR sensors or optical sensors, for example cameras. Particularly preferred sensors for the first detection system are ultrasonic sensors.
  • To the environment next to the motor vehicle 7 to capture and evaluate whether a suitable parking space 1 is present, sensors are laterally on the motor vehicle 7 With a sufficiently long distance between two objects, for example between two vehicles 3 . 5 is assumed that a suitable parking space. Since the distance for a transverse parking space is smaller than for a longitudinal parking space, it is possible, for example, that the user of the driver assistance system, in general, the driver of the motor vehicle 7 , is specified whether a Querparklücke or a longitudinal parking space is searched. If a suitable parking space 1 has been detected, an environment map is created and a trajectory based on the acquired environmental data 11 calculated along the the motor vehicle 7 can park in the parking space. The trajectory 11 describes, for example, the path that the center of the rear axle of the motor vehicle 7 travels. Depending on the position of the motor vehicle 7 and the geometry of the detected parking space 1 the driving maneuver can be single-handed or multi-generous. In a mehrzügigen driving maneuver usually alternate forward traction and reverse traction. In the driving maneuver illustrated here includes the trajectory 11 three trains, a first reverse train 13 , a forward drive train 15 and a second reverse train 17 ,
  • After calculation of the trajectory 11 becomes the motor vehicle 7 automatically along the trajectory 11 in the parking space 1 emotional. For this purpose, for example, with a control unit in the motor vehicle 7 the accelerator pedal, the brakes, the transmission or the gear selection and the steering of the motor vehicle 7 driven.
  • During the driving maneuver becomes the environment of the motor vehicle 7 according to the invention with sensors 19 a second detection system detected. The sensors 19 of the second detection system may also be ultrasonic sensors, infrared sensors, radar sensors, LIDAR sensors or optical sensors. According to the invention used for the first detection system and the second detection system different sensor types. Preferred sensors for the second detection system are optical sensors, particularly preferably video sensors, for example cameras. The video sensors are preferably in the front area, in the rear area and laterally on the motor vehicle 7 arranged. In this case, it is generally sufficient if a video sensor in the front region, preferably in the center, a video sensor in the rear area, also preferably centrally, in each case a video sensor on each side of the motor vehicle 7 are arranged. The video sensors in the front area and in the rear area can be positioned, for example, in the area of the windscreen, for example in the holder of the interior mirror and in the area of the rear window. Alternatively and preferably, the video sensors are arranged in the area of the bumpers.
  • The ones from the sensors 9 the first detection system and the sensors 19 The data collected by the second detection system is sent to a portable control unit 21 that is transmitted by an operator, usually the driver 23 of the motor vehicle 7 , is operated. The data is preferably transmitted wirelessly, so that monitoring does not have to be localized. By wireless transmission, it is possible, for example, that the driving maneuver by the driver outside the motor vehicle 7 is monitored. For this purpose, the portable control unit 21 Preferably, a display device, such as a monitor, on which the from the sensors 9 of the first detection system or of the sensors 19 recorded data of the second detection system in the form of an environment map. About the display device, the driver can inform himself about the current situation and end the driving maneuver if necessary.
  • The environment map is calculated from the acquired data of the first detection system and the second detection system, respectively. The representation can then take place, for example, in the form of outlines in plan view. Alternatively, in the case of detection with optical sensors, it is also possible, for example, to directly display the acquired image of the optical sensors. However, a calculation of an environment map and a representation in plan view is also preferred here. By suitable image evaluation in the case of optical sensors, it is possible, for example, to classify the individual objects detected by the optical sensors and display them accordingly. For example, different symbols can be used for different objects or a label can be created.
  • To make sure that the entire driving maneuver is monitored, the portable control unit instructs 21 a switch that must be operated during the entire driving maneuver. As soon as the switch is released, the driving maneuver is immediately followed by immediate deceleration of the motor vehicle 7 stopped to a stop. By releasing the switch, the driver can 23 The driving maneuver also deliberately interrupt, for example, when suddenly a dangerous situation occurs, for example, by a moving object enters the area to be traveled. The moving object may be, for example, a pedestrian or a cyclist, the intended way of the motor vehicle 7 crosses.
  • The driver of the motor vehicle 7 that can monitor the maneuver during the maneuver in the motor vehicle 7 be or outside of the vehicle 7 , It is also possible that the driver interrupts the driving maneuver while the interruption is coming off and then the driving maneuver from outside the motor vehicle 7 This can be useful, for example, if the parking space 1 so narrow is that the driver after parking the motor vehicle 7 can not leave because the doors can not be opened far enough.
  • The inventive method is due to the possibility for the driver driving maneuver outside the vehicle 7 to monitor especially for parking maneuvers. In addition to parking maneuvers, however, any other driving maneuvers can be performed automatically, for example, maneuvering or driving through narrow streets or streets and in particular also the parking out of a parking space, especially from a tight parking space. In order to be able to carry out the driving maneuver automatically, it is necessary, independently of the planned driving maneuver, first to record the surroundings and to calculate, on the basis of the detected surroundings, a trajectory along which the driving maneuver is carried out. If not all the area to be traveled during the driving maneuver can be detected, it is also possible to carry out the driving maneuver in individual sections. In this case, a trajectory is calculated in each case for the area already detected, while the journey along the trajectory further detects the environment and determines an extension of the trajectory until the driving maneuver has been completed. However, it is preferable to completely detect the environment in which the driving maneuver is to be performed and to calculate the trajectory at one go until reaching the destination point, as is possible for parking maneuvers in parking spaces.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • DE 102006056094 A [0006]

Claims (10)

  1. Method for automatically carrying out a driving maneuver with a motor vehicle ( 7 ), comprising the following steps: (a) detecting the surroundings of the motor vehicle ( 7 ) with a first detection system while driving past a parking space ( 1 ), (b) calculating a trajectory ( 11 ) along which the motor vehicle ( 7 ) is moved during the driving maneuver, based on the environmental data acquired in step (a), (c) automatically moving the motor vehicle ( 7 ) along the trajectory ( 11 ) for carrying out the driving maneuver, wherein the surroundings of the motor vehicle ( 7 ) is detected with a second different from the first detection system while the motor vehicle ( 7 ) emotional.
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that the first detection system comprises ultrasonic sensors ( 9 ), Infrared sensors, radar sensors, LIDAR sensors or optical sensors.
  3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the second detection system is a video-based system ( 19 ).
  4. Method according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the data acquired by the first detection system in step (a) is transferred to a portable control device ( 21 ) be transmitted.
  5. Method according to claim 4, characterized in that a switch of the portable control device ( 21 ) is operated without interruption during the parking process and when the switch is released, the motor vehicle ( 7 ) is braked immediately to a standstill.
  6. A method according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that during parking by the second detection system in step (c) detected data to the portable control unit ( 21 ) be transmitted.
  7. Method according to one of the claims 4 to 6, characterized in that that of the portable control device ( 21 received data on an output device of the portable control device ( 21 ) being represented.
  8. Method according to one of Claims 4 to 7, characterized in that data acquired by the first detection system and by the second detection system are transmitted wirelessly to the portable control device ( 21 ) be transmitted.
  9. Method according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the driving maneuver is a parking maneuver.
  10. Device for carrying out the method according to one of claims 1 to 9, comprising a first detection system and a second detection system for detecting the environment of the motor vehicle ( 7 ), a control device for determining a trajectory ( 11 ), along which the driving maneuver is performed, and for controlling the motor vehicle ( 7 ) during the driving maneuver and a portable control unit ( 21 ), with a display device for displaying the data detected by the first and second detection system and a switch which is operated without interruption during the driving maneuver and sends a signal when released to cancel the driving maneuver.
DE102011003231A 2011-01-27 2011-01-27 Method for automatically performing a driving maneuver Pending DE102011003231A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102011003231A DE102011003231A1 (en) 2011-01-27 2011-01-27 Method for automatically performing a driving maneuver

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102011003231A DE102011003231A1 (en) 2011-01-27 2011-01-27 Method for automatically performing a driving maneuver
EP12702996.5A EP2668067B2 (en) 2011-01-27 2012-01-18 Method for automatically carrying out a driving manoeuvre
PCT/EP2012/050720 WO2012101021A1 (en) 2011-01-27 2012-01-18 Method for automatically carrying out a driving manoeuvre

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE102011003231A1 true DE102011003231A1 (en) 2012-08-02

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DE (1) DE102011003231A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2012101021A1 (en)

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WO2014023411A1 (en) 2012-08-10 2014-02-13 Daimler Ag Method for carrying out a process of parking a vehicle by means of a driver assistance system
DE102013207369A1 (en) 2013-04-23 2014-10-23 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and device for securing a fully automatic movement of a vehicle
DE102014111125A1 (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-11 Valeo Schalter Und Sensoren Gmbh Method for detecting an object in an environmental region of a motor vehicle by means of an ultrasonic sensor, driver assistance system and motor vehicle
WO2016185151A1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2016-11-24 Valeo Comfort And Driving Assistance Method for interactive control of the automatic parking of a motor vehicle by means of a mobile terminal
EP3260357A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-27 Deutsche Post AG Vehicle with shunting system

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DE10117650A1 (en) * 2001-04-09 2002-10-10 Daimler Chrysler Ag Bringing vehicle to target position, involves outputting control commands to drive train, braking system and/or steering so vehicle can be steered to target position independently of driver
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014023411A1 (en) 2012-08-10 2014-02-13 Daimler Ag Method for carrying out a process of parking a vehicle by means of a driver assistance system
DE102012015922A1 (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-02-13 Daimler Ag A method for performing a parking operation of a vehicle by means of a driver assistance system
DE102013207369A1 (en) 2013-04-23 2014-10-23 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and device for securing a fully automatic movement of a vehicle
DE102014111125A1 (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-11 Valeo Schalter Und Sensoren Gmbh Method for detecting an object in an environmental region of a motor vehicle by means of an ultrasonic sensor, driver assistance system and motor vehicle
WO2016185151A1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2016-11-24 Valeo Comfort And Driving Assistance Method for interactive control of the automatic parking of a motor vehicle by means of a mobile terminal
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EP3260357A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-27 Deutsche Post AG Vehicle with shunting system
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EP3587220A1 (en) 2016-06-24 2020-01-01 Deutsche Post AG Vehicle with shunting system

Also Published As

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EP2668067B2 (en) 2019-02-27
EP2668067B1 (en) 2016-01-13
EP2668067A1 (en) 2013-12-04
WO2012101021A1 (en) 2012-08-02

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