DE102010039958A1 - Mattress with a spacer textile - Google Patents

Mattress with a spacer textile

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Publication number
DE102010039958A1
DE102010039958A1 DE201010039958 DE102010039958A DE102010039958A1 DE 102010039958 A1 DE102010039958 A1 DE 102010039958A1 DE 201010039958 DE201010039958 DE 201010039958 DE 102010039958 A DE102010039958 A DE 102010039958A DE 102010039958 A1 DE102010039958 A1 DE 102010039958A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
spacer
frame
characterized
mattress according
textiles
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE201010039958
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Heinz-Willy Essers
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heinrich Essers GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Heinrich Essers GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Heinrich Essers GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Heinrich Essers GmbH and Co KG
Priority to DE201010039958 priority Critical patent/DE102010039958A1/en
Publication of DE102010039958A1 publication Critical patent/DE102010039958A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C27/00Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
    • A47C27/12Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas with fibrous inlays, e.g. made of wool, of cotton
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C27/00Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
    • A47C27/002Mattress or cushion tickings or covers
    • A47C27/005Mattress or cushion tickings or covers liquid-impermeable
    • A47C27/006Mattress or cushion tickings or covers liquid-impermeable breathable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C27/00Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
    • A47C27/002Mattress or cushion tickings or covers
    • A47C27/007Mattress or cushion tickings or covers permeable to liquid or air in a special way
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C27/00Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
    • A47C27/22Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas with both fibrous and foamed material inlays
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C31/00Details or accessories for chairs, beds, or the like, not provided for in other groups of this subclass, e.g. upholstery fasteners, mattress protectors, stretching devices for mattress nets
    • A47C31/006Use of three-dimensional fabrics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C31/00Details or accessories for chairs, beds, or the like, not provided for in other groups of this subclass, e.g. upholstery fasteners, mattress protectors, stretching devices for mattress nets
    • A47C31/10Loose or removable furniture covers
    • A47C31/105Loose or removable furniture covers for mattresses
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/14Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes
    • D04B21/16Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes incorporating synthetic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2403/00Details of fabric structure established in the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/02Cross-sectional features
    • D10B2403/021Lofty fabric with equidistantly spaced front and back plies, e.g. spacer fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2505/00Industrial
    • D10B2505/08Upholstery, mattresses

Abstract

A mattress (1) has a frame (2) formed of an elastic material which laterally delimits an interior space (3). In the interior (3) at least two elastic spacer textiles (4 to 15) are arranged, each of the frame (2) and from each other are detachable.
The mattress (1) has a high level of comfort and is cleanable due to the modular structure in a conventional washing machine.

Description

  • The invention relates to a mattress according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • From the DE 203 09 793 U1 is a mattress with a mattress core of foam and a spacer fabric arranged thereon known. This mattress has a high lying comfort, wherein the spacer fabric has a high air permeability due to its dimensional stability, resulting in a pleasant microclimate on the deck surface. A disadvantage of this mattress is that the spacer fabric is so bulky to achieve a high level of comfort that his cleaning must be done manually or by spray disinfection.
  • The invention has the object of developing a mattress of the generic type such that it has a high level of comfort and is easy to clean.
  • This object is achieved by a mattress having the features of claim 1. It has been recognized that spacer fabrics used in conventional mattresses are too bulky to be cleaned in conventional washing machines with a sufficiently high level of comfort. In contrast, the mattress according to the invention is constructed in a modular manner by at least two elastic spacer textiles, in particular spacer knitted fabrics, are arranged in an elastic frame. The at least two elastic spacer textiles are respectively detachable from the frame and from each other, so that the individual modules, ie the frame and the at least two spacer textiles, can be cleaned separately in a conventional washing machine, for example in an industrial or domestic washing machine. Due to the modular structure, on the one hand, the desired reclining comfort is achieved and, on the other hand, a simple cleaning of the volume-limited modules in a conventional washing machine is ensured. The fact that the individual modules are limited in volume and thus washable by means of a conventional industrial or domestic washing machine, a simple and inexpensive cleaning is possible, whereby the hygiene of the mattress can be increased.
  • The at least two elastic spacer textiles can for example be arranged vertically one above the other, with the surface of the spacer textiles extending over the entire interior. Furthermore, the spacer textiles may for example be arranged horizontally next to one another, their respective height corresponding at most to the height of the frame. Due to the elastic frame, the mattress, despite the loose structure sufficient stability, without the elastic frame affects the comfort. The at least two spacer textiles may be clamped in the frame, for example, or fastened to the frame with fastening means, such as hook-and-loop fasteners, for example.
  • Because of their good pressure distribution and point elasticity, they provide good pressure relief thanks to the at least two spacer textiles, and due to their air and vapor permeability they ensure a correspondingly good microclimate. In addition, the at least two spacer textiles have a permanent resilience, so that the high level of lying comfort is permanently maintained. Preferably, only spacer textiles and possibly casings are arranged in the interior of the frame, but no foam layers.
  • The mattress according to the invention can be used for example as a support for a conventional mattress or as a full-fledged mattress. The at least two spacer textiles are preferably formed as spacer knitted fabrics which are manufactured in the IXI knitting process, that is to say whose spacer threads form thread groups with an IXI shape. The frame may be one or more parts. The horizontal width of the longitudinal and / or transverse parts of the frame is 5 to 15 cm and in particular 5 to 10 cm.
  • The spacer textiles may have different compression hardnesses to increase the comfort of lying and / or be formed so that at least one spacer textile has several zones of different compressive hardness. As a result, the mattress according to the invention can be used in particular for the prevention or treatment of decubitus.
  • A mattress according to claim 2 ensures a high stability and a high level of comfort. The elastic foam has a density of 20 to 70 kg / m 3 , in particular from 25 to 55 kg / m 3 , and in particular from 30 to 60 kg / m 3 .
  • A mattress according to claim 3 forms a sitting and rising edge due to the higher compression hardness and strength of the frame, whereby the comfort of the mattress is improved. The compression hardness of the frame is preferably 5 to 50%, in particular 10 to 40%, and in particular 10 to 30% higher than the compression hardness of the at least two spacer textiles.
  • A mattress according to claim 4 ensures a high stability and thus a high level of comfort.
  • A mattress according to claim 5 allows for easier cleaning of the frame, as the individual frame parts have a low volume. The frame parts are sufficiently firmly connected to each other, so that the mattress has sufficient stability. The connection of the frame parts can be done for example by means of Velcro.
  • A mattress according to claim 6 ensures a sufficiently small volume of at least two spacer textiles, wherein the volume can be flexibly adapted to the volume of the washing machine via the number of spacer textiles. In a domestic washing machine, a division into comparatively more spacer textiles with a smaller volume is required than in an industrial washing machine. The division of the at least two spacer textiles is carried out in particular according to the reclining requirements of the human body. For example, two to five and in particular three or four spacer textiles are arranged side by side in a longitudinal direction. The length and / or the width of the spacer textiles can be identical. For example, three or four spacer textiles are arranged side by side in the longitudinal direction, which have an identical length and width. Due to the identical length and width of the individual spacer textiles, the assembly of the mattress is simplified after the washing process. Accordingly, two to four, in particular three spacer textiles can be arranged side by side in a transverse direction. The two lateral spacer textiles may have an identical, but smaller width than the central spacer textile. In particular, a plurality of spacer textiles in the longitudinal and transverse directions can also be arranged next to one another in the manner described, wherein the spacer textiles have at least partially identical lengths and / or widths.
  • A mattress according to claim 7 ensures a high level of reclining comfort, wherein the volume of the at least two spacer textiles can be flexibly adapted to the volume of a conventional washing machine. The fact that a plurality of spacer textiles are arranged one above the other, the height of the mattress can be flexibly adapted to the desired reclining comfort, without the individual spacer textiles for cleaning in a conventional washing machine are too bulky. In particular, at least three spacer textiles can also be arranged horizontally next to one another and vertically one above the other.
  • A mattress according to claim 8 increases the stability and thus the sleeping comfort. The adjacent spacer textiles can be releasably connected to one another, for example, by means of at least one hook and loop fastener and / or at least one zipper. The Velcro parts may be attached to the front side of two adjacent spacer textiles. The attachment can for example be made such that the protruding cover layers of the spacer fabric cover the front side of the area of the spacer threads and thus serve as a mounting base for the respective Velcro part. Furthermore, adjacent spacer fabrics with one or two zippers can be releasably connected together. When connected with a zipper this is sewn on both sides with the two overlapping cover layers of the adjacent spacer textiles. When using two zippers, each of the zippers is sewn on both sides with one of the protruding cover layers of the adjacent spacer textiles, so that they are releasably connected to each other with an upper and lower zipper.
  • A mattress according to claim 9 allows a simple buckling or rolling of the respective one-piece spacer fabric. As a result, this can be easily arranged in a conventional washing machine. The at least one joint may be formed, for example, by a spacer thread-free region or a detachable connection, such as a zipper, a Velcro strip or another anti-slip fixation. The joints can in particular be arranged next to one another and / or behind one another.
  • A mattress according to claim 10 ensures a high level of comfort in conjunction with a simple cleaning. By spacer yarn-free areas joints can be easily formed, which simplify the buckling or rolling up of the spacer textiles. In addition, the spacer thread-free areas can be eliminated when arranged in the interior, ie within the frame, by the cover layers collapse in this area and the associated joint or the spacer thread-free area disappears. In this way, the sleeping comfort for a user is not affected.
  • A mattress according to claim 11 ensures a high level of lying comfort, since the user-facing lying surface is formed by a one-piece spacer fabric. Since no fasteners or columns or joints are arranged on the lying surface, they can not affect the comfort of lying. Due to the comparatively thin design of the spacer fabric is avoided that this is too bulky for cleaning in a conventional washing machine.
  • A mattress according to claim 12 has due to the IXI shape of the plurality of spacer thread group on a high compressive elasticity and dimensional stability, whereby the lying comfort is permanently maintained. Pressure loads can be from the Spacer threads are elastically absorbed, and these return to the original shape after the elimination of the pressure load. In particular, the good pressure distribution and point elasticity lead to a high pressure relief.
  • A mattress according to claim 13 ensures a high stability and a high level of comfort. The removable outer shell can be cleaned separately from the other modules. The outer shell may, for example, at the top, so on the deck surface, be liquid-permeable, whereas the bottom is liquid impermeable. In addition, the sidewalls may be liquid impermeable, such that the outer shell forms a liquid impermeable tub. As a result, liquid can be removed from the deck surface, which can not escape at the bottom and the side walls again. The sleeping comfort is thereby improved.
  • A mattress according to claim 14 ensures a high stability and a high level of comfort. The frame can be cleaned with the frame or removed for cleaning and cleaned separately. The frame cover may be liquid permeable and / or liquid impermeable. The frame may be completely shrink-wrapped so that the foil forms the frame. To clean the frame, the foil must be disinfectable. Accordingly, the frame parts of a multi-part frame can be welded in total and / or individually in foil. The frame can also be covered with a washable and disinfectable fabric, so that the fabric forms another frame cover. The attachment of a plurality of mattress modules of spacer fabric can be made, for example, by the inside of the frame cover is provided on all sides with a hook-and-loop tape in the middle contact height to the inserted mattress modules. Correspondingly, the mattress modules arranged at the edge or a spacer textile cover which surrounds the mattress modules are provided with a hook-and-loop fastener tape. As a result, a good fixation of the marginally arranged spacer textiles or mattress modules is achieved. Spacer fabrics that do not contact the edge may be secured to the adjacent spacer fabrics with Velcro tape or a zipper.
  • A mattress according to claim 15 ensures a high level of lying comfort, since the stability and the lying properties are flexibly adaptable via spacer textile covers. Individual spacer textiles may be enveloped with their own spacer textile sleeves, which may be liquid permeable and / or liquid impermeable. For example, a spacer textile cover may be liquid-permeable on the lying surface or upper side and liquid-impermeable on the underside. In addition, the side walls of the spacer textile cover may be liquid-impermeable, so that a liquid-impermeable trough is formed. Alternatively, the spacer textile cover may be completely liquid permeable or liquid impermeable. Furthermore, a plurality of spacer textiles arranged one above the other and / or next to one another can be enveloped by a common spacer textile sleeve, the formation of which, as described above, can be liquid-permeable and / or liquid-impermeable. Because the spacer textile cover is removable, it can be cleaned separately. For aligning the spacer textiles or for producing a flat mattress surface, the spacer textiles can be wrapped individually and / or in groups of slip-resistant and air-permeable nets and thus fixed to one another. The nets thus each form a spacer textile cover. For reusable use, the nets are preferably made of a washable material.
  • Further features, advantages and details of the invention will become apparent from the following description of several embodiments. Show it:
  • 1 a partially sectioned plan view of a mattress according to a first embodiment,
  • 2 a cut through the mattress in 1 along the section line II-II,
  • 3 an enlarged view of 2 in the area between two adjacent spacer textiles,
  • 4 a partial section through the mattress in 1 along the section line IV-IV in the area between two adjacent spacer textiles,
  • 5 a partially sectioned plan view of a mattress according to a second embodiment,
  • 6 a cut through the mattress in 5 along the section line VI-VI,
  • 7 an enlarged view of the mattress in 6 in the area of two adjacent spacer textiles,
  • 8th a partially sectioned plan view of a mattress according to a third embodiment, and
  • 9 a cut through the mattress in 8th along the section line IX-IX.
  • The following is with reference to the 1 to 4 a first embodiment of the invention described. A mattress 1 has a frame formed of an elastic foam material 2 on having an interior 3 laterally limited. The frame 2 is formed in one piece and consists for example of polyurethane foam, cold foam or reticulated foam.
  • In the interior 3 are a total of twelve separate spacer textiles 4 to 15 in three longitudinal rows 16 to 18 and four transverse rows 19 to 22 arranged side by side. The longitudinal rows 16 to 18 extend in a horizontal longitudinal direction, which is referred to as x-direction, whereas the transverse rows 19 to 22 extend in a horizontal transverse direction, which is referred to as y-direction. Neighboring spacer textiles 4 to 15 are releasably connected to each other via fastening means. The interconnected spacer textiles 4 to 15 are in the frame 2 clamped and detachable from this.
  • The compression hardness of the frame 2 is greater than or equal to the compression hardness of the spacer textiles 4 to 15 , Preferably, the compression hardness of the frame 2 greater than the compression hardness of the spacer textiles 4 to 7 and 12 to 15 the lateral longitudinal rows 16 and 18 , The spacer textiles 4 to 15 may have the same and / or different compression hardnesses. For the prevention or treatment of decubitus individual spacer textiles 4 to 15 have a different compression hardness and accordingly be made softer. For example, some of the spacer textiles 4 . 8th . 12 respectively. 7 . 11 . 15 in the Fußauflagebereich have a lower compressive hardness, so be executed softer.
  • The frame 2 and the spacer textiles 4 to 15 are from a common outer shell 23 completely wrapped. The outer shell 23 is removable and has a shell for this purpose 24 and an associated lower part 25 on, which has a zipper 26 interconnected and at least partially separable. The trough-shaped lower part 25 is liquid-impermeable, but permeable to air. In contrast, the upper part 24 Air and liquid permeable formed.
  • The spacer textiles 4 to 15 are formed, for example, as spacer knitted fabrics and / or spacer knits. The spacer textiles 4 to 15 each have two mutually substantially parallel overlay layers 27 . 28 on, by spacer threads 29 connected to each other. The spacer threads 29 form spacer thread groups running in a plane 30 from having an IXI shape. This is in 2 shown. The IXI shape is defined by two perpendicular to the cover layers 27 . 28 extending distance marks 29 and two obliquely extending, for example at an angle of 45 °, intersecting spacer threads 29 educated. The threads of the cover layers 27 . 28 and / or the spacer threads 29 may be formed as monofilaments and / or multifilaments and for example consist of polyester. With regard to the structure and material of the spacer textiles 4 to 15 will be on the DE 100 26 405 B4 directed.
  • The longitudinal rows 16 and 17 such as 17 and 18 are over zippers 31 . 32 detachably connected to each other. These are the protruding cover layers 27 adjacent spacer textiles 4 to 15 with the top zipper 31 sewn, whereas the overlapping cover layers 28 adjacent spacer textiles 4 to 15 with the lower zipper 32 sewn. The zippers 31 . 32 are accordingly arranged one above the other in a vertical z-direction. The transverse rows 19 and 20 . 20 and 21 such as 21 and 22 are over Velcro closures 33 to 35 detachably connected to each other. These are the protruding cover layers 27 . 28 with each other and with an associated Velcro part 36 respectively. 37 sutured.
  • The height H R of the frame 2 in the z-direction corresponds to the height H A of the spacer textiles 4 to 15 , The spacer textiles 4 to 15 For example, have a height H A in the range of 20 to 100 mm. The spacer textiles 4 to 15 have a uniform length L in the x direction. Continue to have the spacer textiles 4 to 7 and 12 to 15 the lateral longitudinal rows 16 . 18 a uniform width B S in the y direction. Accordingly, the spacer textiles 8th to 11 the central longitudinal row 17 a uniform width B M in the y-direction, which is greater than the width B S , however.
  • To clean the mattress 1 becomes the outer shell 23 removed and the spacer textiles 4 to 15 from each other and from the frame 2 separated. The individual spacer textiles 4 to 15 as well as the frame 2 and the outer shell 23 are limited in volume so that they can be cleaned individually or in small groups in a common household washing machine or industrial washing machine. The cleanability or washability of the frame 2 requires that the appropriate foam material is treatable. As a treatable foam material, for example, reticulated foam can be used. After cleaning, the individual modules are returned to the mattress 1 together.
  • The following is with reference to the 5 to 7 A second embodiment of the invention described. Constructively identical parts receive the same reference numerals as in the first embodiment, the description of which is hereby incorporated by reference. Structurally different but functionally similar parts receive the same reference numerals with a following a. The frame 2a the mattress 1a has four frame parts 38 to 41 on, in running in the x-direction longitudinal parts 38 . 39 and in the y-direction extending cross members 40 . 41 are distinguishable. The frame parts 38 to 41 are fixed, but releasably connected to each other, for example via not shown hook and loop fasteners. The frame 2a is from a frame cover 42 completely wrapped, which is a top 43 and an associated lower part 44 which has a zipper 45 are connected. The frame cover 42 is accordingly from the frame 2a removable. The lower part 44 is trough-shaped and liquid-impermeable and permeable to air. The top 43 is air permeable and liquid impermeable or permeable to liquids.
  • In the interior 3 are a total of six separate spacer textiles 4a to 9a in three longitudinal rows 16a . 17a . 18a and two transverse rows 19a . 20a arranged. The spacer textiles 4a to 9a are from a common spacer textile cover 46 completely wrapped. The spacer textile cover 46 has a top 47 and a lower part 48 on, which has a zipper 49 connected to each other. The spacer textile cover 46 is by opening the zipper 49 removable. The lower part 48 is trough-shaped and liquid-impermeable and permeable to air. The top 47 is permeable to liquids and air.
  • The spacer textiles 4a to 9a each have a running in the y-direction transverse joint 50 on, in the x-direction centered to the spacer textiles 4a to 9a is arranged. In addition, the spacer textiles 6a and 7a a longitudinal joint running in the x direction 51 in the y-direction centered to the spacer textiles 6a and 7a is arranged. The joints 50 . 51 are each by a spacer thread-free area 52 educated. The joints 50 . 51 facilitate the buckling or rolling up of the spacer textiles 4a to 9a for the washing process.
  • The longitudinal rows 16a and 17a such as 17a and 18a are each zealous with only zippers 31a detachably connected to each other. The respective zipper 31a is with both overlapping cover layers 27 . 28 the adjacent spacer textiles 4a to 9a connected so that this in the z-direction substantially centered to the spacer textiles 4a to 9a is arranged. With regard to the further operation, reference is made to the preceding embodiment.
  • The following is with reference to the 8th and 9 A third embodiment of the invention described. Structurally identical parts receive the same reference numerals as in the previous embodiments, the description of which reference is hereby made. Structurally different, but functionally similar parts receive the same reference numerals with a trailing b. The mattress 1b has two layers arranged one above the other in the z-direction 53 . 54 of spacer textiles 4 to 15 and 55 on. The lower first layer 53 corresponds in their arrangement and their structure the spacer textiles 4 to 15 of the first embodiment. Alternatively, the first layer 53 be formed according to the second embodiment. The upper second layer 54 is by exactly one spacer textile 55 educated. The spacer textile 55 is formed for example as a spacer fabric or spacer knit and corresponds in structure to the spacer textiles 4 to 15 , The one-piece spacer textile 55 forms a uniform lying surface, which is free of joints and joints. To the volume of the spacer fabric 55 to adapt to the volume of a conventional household or industrial washing machine, the spacer textile in the z-direction has a height H A2 of at most 15 mm, in particular of at most 10 mm, and in particular of at most 5 mm. The height H A1 of the first layer 53 corresponds to the height of the spacer textiles 4 to 15 of the first embodiment. The layers 53 . 54 are by means of Velcro closures 56 detachably connected to each other. The height H R of the frame 2 essentially corresponds to the sum of the heights H A1 and H A2 . With regard to the further mode of operation, reference is made to the preceding embodiments.
  • The arrangement and structure of the spacer textiles 4 to 15 . 4a to 9a and 4 to 15 and 55 , the structure of the frame 2 . 2a , the arrangement and design of fasteners 31 to 35 . 31a . 56 , the arrangement and formation of the joints 50 . 51 as well as the arrangement and design of the outer shell 23 , the frame cover 42 as well as the spacer textile cover 46 can in principle be combined with each other as desired. In addition, the mattresses 1 . 1a and 1b be used as full mattresses or as pads for conventional mattresses. Will the mattresses 1 . 1a and 1b used as pads, they can be releasably connected to the pad. For further comfort increase the spacer textiles 4 to 15 . 4a to 9a and 55 be divided into zones of different compressive hardness. This can be done for example by varying the distance thread density.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • DE 20309793 U1 [0002]
    • DE 10026405 B4 [0037]

Claims (15)

  1. Mattress with a spacer textile, characterized by - a frame formed of an elastic material ( 2 ; 2a ), which has an interior ( 3 ) laterally bounded, and - at least two in the interior ( 3 ), elastic spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 ; 4a to 9a ; 4 to 15 . 55 ), each from the frame ( 2 ; 2a ) and are detachable from each other.
  2. Mattress according to claim 1, characterized in that the frame ( 2 ; 2a ) consists of a foam material, in particular polyurethane foam, cold foam or reticulated foam.
  3. Mattress according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a compression hardness of the frame ( 2 ; 2a ) greater than one compression hardness of the at least two spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 ; 4a to 9a ; 4 to 15 . 55 ).
  4. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the frame ( 2 ) is formed in one piece.
  5. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the frame ( 2a ) separate frame parts ( 38 to 41 ) which are detachably connected to each other.
  6. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that at least two spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 ; 4a to 9a ; 4 to 15 . 55 ), in particular in a horizontal longitudinal and / or horizontal transverse direction, are arranged side by side.
  7. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that at least two spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 . 55 ) are arranged one above the other.
  8. Mattress according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that at least two side by side and / or stacked spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 ; 4a to 9a ; 4 to 15 . 55 ) are releasably connected together.
  9. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that a one-piece spacer fabric ( 4a to 9a ) at least one joint ( 50 . 51 ), which runs in particular in a horizontal longitudinal and / or a horizontal transverse direction.
  10. Mattress according to claim 9, characterized in that the at least one joint ( 50 . 51 ) by a spacer thread-free region ( 52 ) of the spacer textile ( 4a to 9a ) is formed.
  11. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that a lying surface by a one-piece spacer textile ( 55 ) having a height (H) of not more than 15 mm, in particular not more than 10 mm, and in particular not more than 5 mm, the spacer textile ( 55 ) is in particular joint-free.
  12. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 ; 4a to 9a ; 4 to 15 . 55 ) two each by spacer threads ( 29 ) interconnected cover layers ( 27 . 28 ) and the spacer threads ( 29 ) thread groups running in a plane ( 30 ) form with an IXI shape, wherein the spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 ; 4a to 9a ; 4 to 15 . 55 ) are formed in particular as spacer knitted fabric.
  13. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that the frame ( 2 ) and the at least two spacer textiles ( 4 to 15 ; 4 to 15 . 55 ) of a common and removable outer shell ( 23 ) are completely enveloped.
  14. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the frame ( 2a ) of a frame cover ( 42 ) is completely enveloped, wherein the frame cover ( 42 ) is particularly removable.
  15. Mattress according to one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that at least one spacer textile ( 4a to 9a ) of a spacer textile cover ( 46 ) is completely enveloped, wherein the spacer textile cover ( 46 ) is particularly removable.
DE201010039958 2010-08-30 2010-08-30 Mattress with a spacer textile Withdrawn DE102010039958A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201010039958 DE102010039958A1 (en) 2010-08-30 2010-08-30 Mattress with a spacer textile

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201010039958 DE102010039958A1 (en) 2010-08-30 2010-08-30 Mattress with a spacer textile
EP11746563.3A EP2611334B1 (en) 2010-08-30 2011-08-23 Mattress with a spacer textile
US13/818,416 US20130167303A1 (en) 2010-08-30 2011-08-23 Mattress with a spacer textile
PCT/EP2011/064414 WO2012028487A1 (en) 2010-08-30 2011-08-23 Mattress with a spacer textile
KR1020137005376A KR20130105615A (en) 2010-08-30 2011-08-23 Mattress with a spacer textile

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WO2012028487A1 (en) 2012-03-08
US20130167303A1 (en) 2013-07-04
KR20130105615A (en) 2013-09-25
EP2611334B1 (en) 2014-09-24

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