DE102010004588B4 - Internal combustion engine with extended expansion stroke and balance weights on the eccentric shaft - Google Patents

Internal combustion engine with extended expansion stroke and balance weights on the eccentric shaft Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102010004588B4
DE102010004588B4 DE102010004588.8A DE102010004588A DE102010004588B4 DE 102010004588 B4 DE102010004588 B4 DE 102010004588B4 DE 102010004588 A DE102010004588 A DE 102010004588A DE 102010004588 B4 DE102010004588 B4 DE 102010004588B4
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Germany
Prior art keywords
eccentric shaft
internal combustion
combustion engine
crankshaft
balance weights
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Application number
DE102010004588.8A
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German (de)
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DE102010004588A1 (en
Inventor
Matthias Brendel
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Audi AG
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Audi AG
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B41/00Engines characterised by special means for improving conversion of heat or pressure energy into mechanical power
    • F02B41/02Engines with prolonged expansion
    • F02B41/04Engines with prolonged expansion in main cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/04Engines with variable distances between pistons at top dead-centre positions and cylinder heads
    • F02B75/048Engines with variable distances between pistons at top dead-centre positions and cylinder heads by means of a variable crank stroke length
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/06Engines with means for equalising torque

Abstract

Internal combustion engine (1) having a crankshaft (2) and an eccentric shaft (13) which is connected to the crankshaft (3) by connecting rods (19) and coupling links (8) for extending an expansion stroke of piston (2) of the internal combustion engine (1) in that at least two balancing weights (24, 25) are mounted on the eccentric shaft (13), characterized in that the balancing weights (24, 25) are arranged in the vicinity of opposite front ends (26, 28) of the eccentric shaft (13) and center of gravity (S24, S25) of the two balancing weights (24, 25) are offset by 180 degrees from each other.

Description

  • The invention relates to an internal combustion engine according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • Internal combustion engines of this type are for example from the EP-B-1359303 , of the EP-A-1760290 , of the EP-A-1760289 and from the US-A-4517931 are known and often as internal combustion engines with extended expansion stroke or as in the US-A-4517931 or the EP-A-1760289 referred to as variable piston engine (stroke variable engine).
  • These internal combustion engines have an eccentric shaft, also referred to as an adjusting shaft, which is driven by the crankshaft via a spur gear at half the rotational speed of the crankshaft and with a direction of rotation opposite to the direction of rotation of the crankshaft and at the same time is coupled to the crankshaft via a crank drive, which couples the coupling links and also referred to as Anlenkpleuel connecting rod and because of the articulation of the coupling members to the crankshaft, the articulation of the connecting rod to the eccentric shaft and the articulated connection between each coupling member and the adjacent connecting rod is hereinafter also referred to as multi-joint crank mechanism.
  • By this arrangement, in four-stroke internal combustion engines, the expansion and exhaust stroke, d. H. the piston stroke at the expansion and exhaust stroke, compared to the intake and compression stroke, d. H. the piston stroke during the intake and compression stroke to be increased. However, in the case of inline four-cylinder internal combustion engines, a free torque of 0.5th order which otherwise does not occur in such series internal combustion engines is caused by the multi-joint crank drive, whereby the smooth running or running culture is considerably impaired in the internal combustion engines of the type mentioned at the outset.
  • From the prior art are still the publications EP 2 119 890 A1 such as EP 1 760 290 A2 known.
  • Proceeding from this, the present invention seeks to improve an internal combustion engine of the type mentioned in that this free moment 0.5.-order can at least be reduced or eliminated altogether.
  • This object is achieved with an internal combustion engine having the features of claim 1.
  • By attaching preferably two or more balance weights to the eccentric shaft, at least the dominant portion of the free moment 0.5th order of the opposite direction of rotation of the crankshaft rotational direction can be fully compensated. Next arise by this measure only minimal additional costs and a minimum extra weight, but no additional friction losses.
  • The balancing weight according to the invention or the balancing weights according to the invention are used exclusively for the reduction or elimination of the free moment 0.5th order. On the other hand, they do not serve to compensate the rotating masses of the Anlenkpleuel and are not suitable because of the different speed of the eccentric shaft and the crankshaft to compensate for the rotating masses of the connecting rod between the piston and the crankshaft and the coupling links.
  • A preferred embodiment of the invention provides that the counterweights are arranged in the vicinity of the two opposite ends of the eccentric shaft, preferably between the respective front end and adjacent to the front end, to the axis of rotation of the eccentric shaft eccentric shaft journal, to which the Anlenkpleuel of the 1st Cylinder or the 4th cylinder is attached.
  • According to an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the two balancing weights have an identical shape, preferably in the form of an angular segment, and an identical mass whose center of gravity is advantageously offset from one another by 180 degrees with respect to each other.
  • It has been found that a particularly good balance of the 0.5. Order free moment can be achieved if an angular offset between the center of gravity of the counterweights and a plane spanned by the axis of rotation of the eccentric shaft and a longitudinal center axis of the adjacent journal is between 25 and 40 degrees and preferably about 32 degrees.
  • In the following the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to an embodiment shown in the drawing. Show it
  • 1 a perspective view of cooperating parts of an internal combustion engine with extended expansion stroke;
  • 2 a perspective view of an eccentric shaft with drive wheel and balance weights 1 ;
  • 3 an end view of the eccentric shaft in the direction of the arrows III-III in 2 ;
  • 4 another perspective view of the eccentric shaft with the balance weights and without drive wheel;
  • 5a and 5b Bar graphs of free moments of different order and direction in the crankshaft of the internal combustion engine before and after the attachment of balance weights on the eccentric shaft.
  • How best in 1 shown comprises the four-stroke 4-cylinder internal combustion engine only partially shown in the drawing 1 in series with extended Expanisonshub four pistons 2 and a crankshaft 3 , Each of the pistons 2 is in one of the four cylinders (not shown) of the internal combustion engine 1 movable up and down and is by a Kolbenpleuel 4 with the crankshaft 3 connected. The crankshaft 3 is in main storage chairs of a cylinder crankcase (not shown) of the internal combustion engine 1 rotatably mounted and has five serving for storage centric shaft journal 5 and four crank pins 6 (Only one visible), whose longitudinal central axes in different angular orientations parallel to the axis of rotation 7 the crankshaft 3 are offset.
  • On each of the crank pins 6 the crankshaft 3 is a coupling link 8th around the longitudinal center axis of the crank pin 6 rotatably mounted. At each coupling link 8th is one of the Kolbenpleuel 4 hinged, the lower forked front end 9 with two eyelet-shaped legs. Between the two legs of the forked front end 9 of Kolbenpleuels 4 grips the free end of one over one side of the crankshaft 3 protruding short lifting arm 10 of the two-armed coupling member 8th a, which is provided between the legs with a bearing bush (not visible). Through the eyes of the legs and the bearing bush, a bearing pin extends 11 which is in the bearing bush of the lift arm 10 is rotatably mounted.
  • In contrast to conventional internal combustion engines, in which the piston stroke has the same length over all cycles, is in the illustrated internal combustion engine 1 the lifting height of the pistons 2 during the expansion and exhaust stroke longer than during the intake and compression stroke. For this purpose, by the rotation of the crankshaft 3 caused movement of Kolbenpleuel 4 an additional component of motion superimposed.
  • This is done by means of an eccentric shaft 13 one to the axis of rotation 7 the crankshaft 3 parallel axis of rotation 14 has, next to the crankshaft 3 and slightly below this is rotatably mounted in the cylinder crankcase. The eccentric shaft 13 is from the crankshaft 3 via a reduction gear 15 at half the speed of the crankshaft 3 and with one to the direction of rotation of the crankshaft 3 driven in opposite direction of rotation. In addition, the eccentric shaft 13 via a multi-joint crank drive 16 with the crankshaft 3 coupled.
  • As in 1 illustrated, comprises the reduction gear 15 a first, rotationally fixed on the crankshaft 3 mounted gear 17 and a second rotationally fixed on the eccentric shaft 13 mounted gear 18 meshing with each other. To achieve the desired reduction ratio of 2: 1, the number of teeth of the second gear is 18 twice the number of teeth of the first gear 17 ,
  • The multi-joint crank drive 16 includes next to the coupling links 8th one of the number of Kolbenpleuel 4 corresponding number of Anlenkpleueln 19 , which are approximately parallel to the piston rods 4 aligned and in the axial direction of the crankshaft 3 and the eccentric shaft 13 each approximately in the same plane as the associated Kolbenpleuel 4 are arranged. The lower end of each Anlenkpleuel 19 is pivotable on a shaft section 20 the eccentric shaft 13 attached, in relation to the axis of rotation 14 the eccentric shaft 13 is eccentric. The upper end of each Anlenkpleuel 19 is above the eccentric shaft 13 on a longer coupling arm 21 of the two-armed coupling member 8th hinged. The coupling arm 21 has a bifurcated front end 22 with two eyes provided with eyes, between which is provided with a bearing bushing upper end of the Anlenkpleuels 19 intervenes. Through the eyes of the legs and the aligned bushing of the Anlenkpleuels 19 extends a bearing pin 23 , on which the bearing bush is rotatably mounted.
  • The to the individual cylinders of the internal combustion engine 1 associated eccentric shaft sections 20 are in the circumferential direction of the eccentric shaft 13 offset by a split angle against each other to account for the firing order of the cylinder. This ensures that the cylinder in which the fuel / air mixture is just ignited makes the expansion stroke longer.
  • Apart from the extended expansion stroke can also be the inclination of Kolbenpleuel by the arrangement described above 4 with respect to the cylinder axis of the associated cylinders during rotation of the crankshaft 3 can be reduced, resulting in a reduction of the piston side forces and thus the friction forces between the pistons 2 and cylinder walls of the cylinder leads.
  • However, the multi-joint crank mechanism causes 16 a free moment M, which can be divided into two parts whose direction is part of the Direction of rotation of the crankshaft 3 and partly the direction of rotation of the eccentric shaft 13 corresponds, as in 5a and 5b shown in bar charts, where the bar shown on the right of each bar pair by the multi-joint crank mechanism 16 caused free moment M R with one of the crankshaft rotation direction 3 corresponding direction and each bar shown on the left of each bar pair, the free moment M L with one of the direction of rotation of the eccentric shaft 13 corresponding, to the direction of rotation of the crankshaft 3 indicates opposite direction over the respective order of the moment.
  • As it turned out 5a can be seen, especially a large free moment M L 0.5.-order with a to the direction of rotation of the crankshaft 3 generated opposite direction. This free moment M 0.5 L -order leads without countermeasures to a significant impairment of the smoothness of the internal combustion engine 1 while the 1.5-order, 2.5-order, 3.5-order, and 4.5-order free moments are acoustically less critical because of their higher frequencies and smaller amplitudes.
  • To avoid such an impairment, as countermeasure are two balancing weights 24 . 25 on the eccentric shaft 13 appropriate, as best in 1 to 4 shown. How best in 1 shown, is the first balance weight 24 near a front end opposite to the drive side 26 the eccentric shaft 13 between a serving for supporting the eccentric shaft end face journal 27 and to the front end 26 adjacent first eccentric shaft section 20 arranged, whose position in the axial direction of the crankshaft 3 and the eccentric shaft 13 that of the 1st cylinder in the row of four cylinders of the internal combustion engine 1 equivalent. The second balance weight 25 is near the drive-side front end 28 the eccentric shaft 13 between the gear 18 and to the gear 18 adjacent last eccentric shaft section 20 arranged, whose position in the axial direction of the crankshaft 3 and the eccentric shaft 13 that of the 4th cylinder of the internal combustion engine 1 equivalent.
  • The two balance weights 24 . 25 both have the shape of an angular segment extending about an angle of about 100 degrees about the eccentric shaft 13 extends around. The two angle segments each have the same dimensions and the same mass. How best in 3 are shown, the two angle segments or balance weights 24 . 25 with a diametrically opposed alignment on the eccentric shaft 13 arranged so that their centers of gravity S 24 , S 25 are offset in the circumferential direction of the eccentric shaft by 180 degrees from each other. The arrangement is chosen such that the center of gravity S 24 of the angle segment of the first balance weight 24 in the circumferential direction of the eccentric shaft 13 an angular distance of 32 degrees to a plane E, that of the axis of rotation 14 the eccentric shaft 13 and the longitudinal center axis of the balance weight 24 adjacent first eccentric shaft section 20 is spanned, and that the center of mass S 25 of the angular segment of the second balance weight 25 in the circumferential direction of the eccentric shaft 13 has an angular distance of 32 degrees to the plane E, through which also the longitudinal center axis of the gear to 18 or to the balance weight 25 adjacent last eccentric shaft section 20 (in 3 not visible), since the longitudinal center axes of the first and last eccentric shaft sections 20 in the circumferential direction of the eccentric shaft 13 180 degrees offset from each other.
  • By attaching the two balance weights 24 . 25 at the half crankshaft speed rotating eccentric shaft 13 is in operation of the internal combustion engine 1 in the crankshaft 3 a torque M A 0,5.-th order generated that as the moment M R 0,5.-order one of the direction of rotation of the crankshaft 3 has corresponding direction and therefore by the multi-joint crank mechanism 16 counteracts caused moment M L 0.5th order. By a suitable dimensioning of the angle segments of the balance weights 24 . 25 For example, the moment M A of the 0.5th order can be set to be in the opposite direction of the crankshaft 3 rotating proportion of the free moment M L 0.5.-th order, by the multi-joint crank mechanism 16 is caused, completely compensates, as in 5b shown.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
    Internal combustion engine
    2
    piston
    3
    crankshaft
    4
    Kolbenpleuel
    5
    Shaft crankshaft
    6
    Crankpin crankshaft
    7
    Rotary axis crankshaft
    8th
    coupling member
    9
    bifurcated front end piston connecting rod
    10
    Lifting arm coupling link
    11
    bearing bolt
    13
    eccentric shaft
    14
    Rotary axis eccentric shaft
    15
    Reduction gear
    16
    Multi-joint crank drive
    17
    Gear crankshaft
    18
    Gear eccentric shaft
    19
    articulation connecting rod
    20
    eccentric shaft journal eccentric shaft
    21
    Coupling arm coupling link
    22
    bifurcated front end coupling arm
    23
    bearing bolt
    24
    counterweight
    25
    counterweight
    26
    Biting eccentric shaft
    27
    end-face shaft journal eccentric shaft
    28
    Biting eccentric shaft

Claims (7)

  1. Internal combustion engine ( 1 ) with a crankshaft ( 2 ) and an eccentric shaft ( 13 ) used to extend an expansion stroke of pistons ( 2 ) of the internal combustion engine ( 1 ) by connecting rod ( 19 ) and coupling links ( 8th ) with the crankshaft ( 3 ), at least two balancing weights ( 24 . 25 ) on the eccentric shaft ( 13 ), characterized in that the balance weights ( 24 . 25 ) near opposite ends ( 26 . 28 ) of the eccentric shaft ( 13 ) are arranged and mass centers of gravity (S 24 , S 25 ) of the two balance weights ( 24 . 25 ) are offset by 180 degrees from each other.
  2. Internal combustion engine according to claim 1, characterized by exactly two on the eccentric shaft ( 13 ) balance weights ( 24 . 25 ).
  3. Internal combustion engine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the two balancing weights ( 24 . 25 ) have the same shape and mass.
  4. Internal combustion engine according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the two balancing weights ( 24 . 25 ) between one of the opposite ends ( 26 . 28 ) of the eccentric shaft ( 13 ) and one to the respective front end ( 26 respectively. 28 ) adjacent eccentric shaft section ( 20 ) is arranged, on which one of the connecting rods ( 19 ) is pivotally mounted.
  5. Internal combustion engine according to claim 4, characterized in that an angular offset between a center of gravity (S 24 , S 25 ) of at least one of the two counterweights ( 24 . 25 ) and a plane (E), which from a rotation axis ( 14 ) of the eccentric shaft ( 13 ) and a longitudinal center axis of the counterweight ( 24 . 25 ) adjacent eccentric shaft section ( 20 ) is between 25 and 40 degrees.
  6. Internal combustion engine according to claim 5, characterized in that the angular offset is about 32 degrees.
  7. Internal combustion engine according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the balance weight ( 24 . 25 ) for the eradication of a free moment M L 0.5.-order of the crankshaft ( 3 ) is trained.
DE102010004588.8A 2010-01-15 2010-01-15 Internal combustion engine with extended expansion stroke and balance weights on the eccentric shaft Active DE102010004588B4 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102010004588.8A DE102010004588B4 (en) 2010-01-15 2010-01-15 Internal combustion engine with extended expansion stroke and balance weights on the eccentric shaft

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102010004588.8A DE102010004588B4 (en) 2010-01-15 2010-01-15 Internal combustion engine with extended expansion stroke and balance weights on the eccentric shaft
PCT/EP2010/007374 WO2011098104A1 (en) 2010-01-14 2010-12-04 Internal combustion engine having an extended expansion stroke and counterweights on the eccentric shaft

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE102010004588A1 DE102010004588A1 (en) 2011-09-01
DE102010004588B4 true DE102010004588B4 (en) 2015-12-24

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WO (1) WO2011098104A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102010027351B4 (en) 2010-07-16 2013-06-13 Audi Ag Internal combustion engine with extended expansion stroke and torque compensation
DE102014014706B3 (en) * 2014-10-02 2016-04-07 Audi Ag Multi-link crank drive for an internal combustion engine with axially movable control shaft and gate-guided rotatable eccentrics on the control shaft
DE102014018525B4 (en) 2014-12-12 2018-05-30 Audi Ag Multi-link crank drive for an internal combustion engine with fail-safe eccentric shaft locking device
DE102014018898A1 (en) * 2014-12-17 2016-06-23 Audi Ag Multi-joint crank drive for an internal combustion engine with an eccentric shaft actuator comprising a switchable transmission with at least two different reduction ratios
DE102016011392A1 (en) 2016-09-21 2018-03-22 GM Global Technology Operations, LLC (n.d. Ges. d. Staates Delaware) Internal combustion engine
DE102017003146B3 (en) * 2017-03-30 2018-07-12 Viktor Hammermeister Jerk-crank mechanism, as well as equipped combustion engine.
DE102017006559A1 (en) 2017-07-11 2019-01-17 GM Global Technology Operations LLC (n. d. Ges. d. Staates Delaware) Internal combustion engine with extended expansion and exhaust stroke

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4517931A (en) * 1983-06-30 1985-05-21 Nelson Carl D Variable stroke engine
EP1359303B1 (en) * 2002-04-17 2006-03-08 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Variable stroke engine
EP1760289A2 (en) * 2005-08-29 2007-03-07 HONDA MOTOR CO., Ltd. Stroke-variable engine
EP1760290A2 (en) * 2005-08-29 2007-03-07 HONDA MOTOR CO., Ltd. Variable stroke engine
EP2119890A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-11-18 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Link type variable stroke engine

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2314789A (en) * 1938-06-17 1943-03-23 Jacobsen Edwin Internal combustion engine
JP2009275552A (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-11-26 Honda Motor Co Ltd Link type stroke variable engine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4517931A (en) * 1983-06-30 1985-05-21 Nelson Carl D Variable stroke engine
EP1359303B1 (en) * 2002-04-17 2006-03-08 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Variable stroke engine
EP1760289A2 (en) * 2005-08-29 2007-03-07 HONDA MOTOR CO., Ltd. Stroke-variable engine
EP1760290A2 (en) * 2005-08-29 2007-03-07 HONDA MOTOR CO., Ltd. Variable stroke engine
EP2119890A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-11-18 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Link type variable stroke engine

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Publication number Publication date
WO2011098104A1 (en) 2011-08-18
DE102010004588A1 (en) 2011-09-01

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