DE102009036368A1 - User interface providing method for use in motor vehicle, involves selecting one of widget-representatives of list, and displaying widget-object assigned to widget-representatives on display area of display device - Google Patents

User interface providing method for use in motor vehicle, involves selecting one of widget-representatives of list, and displaying widget-object assigned to widget-representatives on display area of display device

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Publication number
DE102009036368A1
DE102009036368A1 DE102009036368A DE102009036368A DE102009036368A1 DE 102009036368 A1 DE102009036368 A1 DE 102009036368A1 DE 102009036368 A DE102009036368 A DE 102009036368A DE 102009036368 A DE102009036368 A DE 102009036368A DE 102009036368 A1 DE102009036368 A1 DE 102009036368A1
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
widget
list
display area
object
display
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
DE102009036368A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Lennart Bendewald
Stefan Henze
Christoph Dr. Wäller
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Volkswagen AG
Original Assignee
Volkswagen AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Volkswagen AG filed Critical Volkswagen AG
Priority to DE102009036368A priority Critical patent/DE102009036368A1/en
Publication of DE102009036368A1 publication Critical patent/DE102009036368A1/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/048Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI]
    • G06F3/0481Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] based on specific properties of the displayed interaction object or a metaphor-based environment, e.g. interaction with desktop elements like windows or icons, or assisted by a cursor's changing behaviour or appearance
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/048Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI]
    • G06F3/0481Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] based on specific properties of the displayed interaction object or a metaphor-based environment, e.g. interaction with desktop elements like windows or icons, or assisted by a cursor's changing behaviour or appearance
    • G06F3/0482Interaction techniques based on graphical user interfaces [GUI] based on specific properties of the displayed interaction object or a metaphor-based environment, e.g. interaction with desktop elements like windows or icons, or assisted by a cursor's changing behaviour or appearance interaction with lists of selectable items, e.g. menus

Abstract

The method involves displaying an operatable graphical object (6) on a display area (2) of a display device (1) i.e. touchscreen, and detecting operation of the graphical object such that a list with widget-representatives is displayed on the display area. One of the widget-representatives of the list is selected such that the selected widget-representative is removed from the list. A widget-object assigned to the widget-representatives is displayed on the display area. The graphical object is represented as a virtual drawer that contains the widget-representatives. An independent claim is also included for a device for providing a user interface in a vehicle.

Description

  • The The present invention relates to a method and an apparatus for providing a user interface, in particular in one Vehicle. The method becomes an operable graphic object displayed on a display surface. The device comprises a display device having a display surface, which can be arranged in particular in a vehicle. The device further comprises a control device, with which the display surface so controllable is that an operable graphic object can be displayed on the display surface, and an operating device, with which the displayed graphic object can be actuated is.
  • In Conventionally, a vehicle is given various information displayed, in particular, the operating data of the vehicle for visually represent the driver. Furthermore, in the Vehicle for the driver traffic-related data shown become. For the display of this information was earlier used analogue mechanical indicating instruments. These were particular within the so-called instrument cluster nearby the driver's primary field of vision behind the wheel arranged. The instrument cluster is used in particular to display the Speed, tank contents, cooler temperature and other operational information of the vehicle.
  • With The increase in electronic equipment in the vehicle has made it necessary to display a larger amount of information in the vehicle. For example, modern vehicles include a variety of driver assistance systems, whose information must be displayed in the vehicle. Furthermore, vehicles often include a navigation system. By means of such a navigation system, digital geographical road maps with a route and, where appropriate Additional information will be displayed. Finally, include modern vehicles communication and multimedia applications, including a mobile phone interface and playback facilities of music and language. Also for these applications must in the vehicle there is the possibility of information display.
  • Out For this reason, multifunction control systems are often used in vehicles used, which one or more multi-function display (s) and Controls include those with which the diverse in the Vehicle-contained facilities can be operated. The operation is by the on the multi-function display supports or guides the information reproduced. Furthermore, it is possible to select via the operating system which information is displayed on the multifunction display should.
  • In order to display the diverse information flexibly, z. As freely programmable displays used, which often take over the reproduction of conventional mechanical instruments. In the DE 10 2006 032 118 A1 For example, an instrument cluster for a motor vehicle is described, which comprises a display, with which the speed of the motor vehicle, the speed of the motor of the motor vehicle, the temperature of the motor of the motor vehicle, the tank filling and / or the time can be displayed variable. In addition, it is possible to display information of a navigation system, a telephone, a music system, an infotainment system and / or an air conditioner.
  • In addition to the instrument cluster, a display device is often arranged above the center console of the vehicle, via which further information can be displayed. This display device is used in particular as a multi-function display and for displaying a geographical map of a navigation system. Such a multi-function display is for example in the DE 199 41 956 A1 described.
  • The multifunction displays operate in conjunction with an operating system to provide a user interface. The operating system comprises various operating elements. In the DE 199 41 956 A1 are z. B. several selection and function keys for controlling the vehicle facilities provided. In the DE 199 41 960 A1 There is described a multifunction control element for selecting functional groups and individual functions comprising a bidirectionally rotatable cylinder which is further movable perpendicular to the axis of rotation.
  • In addition to the remote controls described above, it has also been proposed to equip the display surface itself with a touch-sensitive surface and in this way to provide a so-called touchscreen. In such a touchscreen, the operation is carried out in that the user z. B. touches the touch screen with his fingertip. The position of the touch and possibly the movement during the touch is detected, evaluated and assigned to an operating step. In order to support the user in the operation, virtual switches can be displayed as graphical buttons on the display surface. A display device with a touch-sensitive surface, which is used in conjunction with a navigation system, is for example in the DE 10 2005 020 155 A1 described.
  • For The user interface of a vehicle is very special Requirements, as the operation is done by the driver, among others can. It is therefore very important that the operation and the associated information is not a distraction of the Driver while driving leads. The operation It should, in particular, require so little attention from the driver as possible and also fast to carry out be.
  • It is the object of the present invention, a method and a To provide device of the type mentioned, in which a user in a simple and intuitive way the display of graphical Control objects on the display area. It should In particular, it may be possible for a relatively small Display area so-called widget objects on the display area to place and remove from this again.
  • These The object is achieved by a method with the features of claim 1 and a device with the features of claim 9 solved. Advantageous training and further education result from the dependent claims.
  • at The method according to the invention is an operable graphic object displayed on a display area. A Actuation of the graphical object is detected, whereupon a list of widget representatives on the display area is shown. Will be a widget representative of the list selected, this widget representative will turn off removed from the list and instead a widget representative Widget object displayed on the display area.
  • Under a user interface is in the context of the invention, a technical Device understood by means of which a user, in particular a Vehicle occupant, with facilities, eg. B. the vehicle interact can. The interaction includes, for example, the information display on a display surface in the vehicle. The display content can be generated by facilities of the vehicle. through the user interface, the user can see the way the information is presented on the display area, Taxes. Furthermore, the user can use the user interface Facilities of the vehicle operate and inputs for this purpose make.
  • Under a widget object is understood in the sense of the invention an object, which is displayed graphically on the display surface and which is associated with an application, the z. B. from a vehicle device is performed. A widget object can be used in particular a small area of the display area information a Display vehicle equipment that is constantly updated. For example can from the widget object route information of the navigation system, current Messages about the weather, road conditions and traffic conditions as well as information about multimedia facilities of the Vehicle. A widget representative is a representation, which is assigned to the widget object but which does not Information representation contains, which to the corresponding Widget object belongs.
  • The method according to the invention offers the possibility place multiple widget objects on the display area, by being taken from the list of the graphical object. there you are not attached to a certain number of mechanical controls bound. Rather, by means of the list of graphical Object any number of widgets for display on the display area Tobe offered. In this way can also be retrofitted Updating the user interface Widget objects of the list be added to the graphic object or not required widget objects are removed from this list.
  • According to one Formation of the method according to the invention the graphical object represented as a virtual drawer, which contains the widget representatives. The drawer can be opened by a first operation and by a second operation be closed. The first one can do this Operation include a gesture of pulling out a drawer equivalent. The second operation may include a gesture that corresponds to pushing in a drawer.
  • One Widget representative of the list can in the inventive Method selected by a third operation become. This third operation involves a gesture that one Move the Widget Representative out of the drawer equivalent. Finally, a widget object that is up the display area is displayed by means of a fourth Operation of the list are fed again, whereupon a Widget representative associated with the widget object, appears again in the list and the widget object is no longer is displayed on the display area. This fourth operation includes in particular a gesture, moving in the widget object in the drawer corresponds.
  • The widget representatives are always displayed in the list in the same order if they are contained in it. Thus, in the method according to the invention, there is a fixed assignment of any number of widget objects to a specific graphic object. This assignment It is also retained for updates and extensions. Further, the user always finds the representatives of the widget objects in the list at the same relative position to the other representatives so that he can quickly locate and position a particular widget representative in the list on the display area. The positioning on the display surface can either be done by the user himself or be done automatically by the user interface. Furthermore, a widget object can also be positioned by the user on the display surface, whereupon other already displayed widget objects are automatically repositioned by means of the user interface.
  • The Widget objects in particular become independent of the others Display content of the display area shown. They are special superimposed on a background image, for example, a may contain digital map.
  • The Device according to the invention is characterized that with the control device, the display device so controllable is that upon actuation of the graphic object a List of widget representatives displayed on the display area and when selecting a widget representative the list by means of the control device of this widget representative is removed from the list and instead the widget representative Widget object displayed on the display area becomes.
  • The Device according to the invention is in particular designed so that they are the method steps described above partially or completely. The Device also offers the same advantages as the inventive method.
  • The Operating device is designed in particular so that input gestures are detectable. In particular, it comprises a touch-sensitive surface, which is formed on the display surface. It will thus provided a so-called touch screen.
  • alternative or additionally, the operating device may include gesture detection means for detecting gestures in a detection space, the before the display surface is arranged. In this case, you can Gestures are captured by a user's hand in the room the display area are executed without it is necessary to touch the display surface itself.
  • The Invention will now be described with reference to an embodiment Explained with reference to the drawings.
  • 1 shows schematically an embodiment of the device according to the invention, and
  • the 2 to 4 show displays of the display device, which are generated by an embodiment of the method according to the invention.
  • In reference to 1 the structure of the embodiment of the device according to the invention is explained:
    The device comprises a display device 1 with a display area 2 , which is arranged in the interior of the vehicle so that it is clearly visible and easily accessible by at least one vehicle occupant, in particular the driver. The display area 2 can be provided by a display, in particular a liquid crystal display, of any type.
  • The display device is provided with a control device 3 coupled. The control device 3 generates graphics data by means of the display device 1 can be displayed. The control device 3 is also with a vehicle bus 5 via which it can bidirectionally exchange data with various vehicle equipment. The vehicle devices may be of the control device 3 In particular, provide data for display contents of various widget objects that - as will be explained later - on the display area 2 can be played back.
  • By means of the control device 3 will be on the display area 2 in a fixed position, a graphical object 6 displayed. The graphic object 6 is represented in particular as a virtual drawer.
  • Furthermore, an operating device is provided, via which the user can make inputs. About this operating device, the user can in particular the information display on the display surface 2 Taxes. The operating device comprises a touch-sensitive surface 4 on the display area 2 the display device 1 is trained. The display device 1 thus includes a so-called touch screen.
  • The operating device may further comprise a device 7 for detecting a gesture in front of the display area 2 is executed without it being necessary for the display area 2 is touched. For example, a user's hand or finger may be in front of the display area 2 to do the gesture. From the detection device 7 This is the three-dimensional position of the hand in a certain location area in front of the display area 2 detected. The authorized residence area depends on the layout of the display area 2 in the vehicle. The range should be chosen so that the Stay of a user's hand, in this common area clearly with an operation of the detection device 7 can be associated. The limit of the residence area can z. B. in a range of 40 cm to 10 cm in front of the display area 2 lie. Will the user's hand be closer than this threshold to the display area 2 moved, this is from the detection device 7 recognized and the approach is interpreted as the intention to operate. The detection device 7 Detects the position and movement of the user's hand in the location area. Various gestures executed by the hand are recognized and interpreted as inputs.
  • The detection device 7 can z. B. infrared light sources and infrared light receiver, which detect the hand-reflected infrared light. Details of such a detection device are in the DE 100 58 244 C2 whose relevant disclosure content is hereby incorporated into the present description. Other detection devices that can be used in conjunction with the display device are described in the following publications: DE 103 05 341 A1 and DE 10 2004 048 956 A1 ,
  • Of Further, the position of the hand and its temporal change also be detected by means of an optical system. In this System emits a light-emitting diode z. B. rectangular amplitude modulated light. This light will be detected at the Object, d. H. the hand, reflects and gets to the reflection a photodiode. Another light emitting diode emits also rectangular amplitude modulated light to the photodiode, which is, however, 180 ° out of phase. In the case of the photodiode, the two light signals are superimposed and cancel out if they have exactly the same amplitude. If If the signals at the photodiode do not cancel each other, the light emission becomes the second diode via a control loop so regulated that the total receive signal replenishes to zero. change If the position of the object changes, so does the amount of light, which of the first light-emitting diode to the photodiode via the reflection reaches the object. This causes a tracking the intensity of the second light-emitting diode the control loop. The control signal is thus a measure of the reflection of the light emitted by the first diode will, on the object. In this way can be made from the Control signal derive a signal which for the position of the object is characteristic.
  • The following is related to the 2 to 4 an embodiment of the method according to the invention explained, which is carried out by the device described above:
    In 2 is the ad on the display area 2 shown in the initial state. In the background becomes a geographical map 8th displayed. In the upper part of the display area 2 becomes this geographical map 8th overlays the graphic object 6 displayed. The graphic object 6 can be selected by the user on the touch-sensitive surface 4 taps at the position where the graphic object is 6 is shown. Alternatively, the user can use the graphic object 6 by a gesture from the gesture detection device 7 defined residence area are selected. The gesture involves a user's hand movement that corresponds to pulling out a drawer. This gesture is done by the gesture detection device 7 captured and as a selection of the graphical object 6 interpreted.
  • The control device 3 then controls the display area 2 so on, that instead of the graphic object 6 a list of widget representatives 9 is shown. There will also be a button 10 indicated, by means of which one back to the in 2 Display shown can get. If the display area 2 is not big enough to include all the widget representatives in the list 9 a control can be displayed with which a scroll in the list can be generated.
  • Alternatively to the in 3 given display, the list can also be displayed in the form of a carousel. In this case, the widget representatives 9 shown on a perspective shown ring. This ring can be rotated in particular by a gesture, so that any widget representatives 9 can be displayed.
  • The user can now by an operation any widget representative 9 Remove from the list and on the display area 2 position. For this purpose, the user can, for example, the touch-sensitive surface 4 touch at a position where a widget representative 9 is displayed, and then on the touch-sensitive surface 4 to a position on the display surface 2 that is outside the representation of the list, glide. There, the user can touch from the touch-sensitive surface 4 to solve. In this case, the widget representative becomes 9 with which the operation has been performed is no longer shown in the list. Instead, it becomes a widget object 11 on the display surface 2 displayed, which is assigned to the widget representative. An ad with multiple widget objects 11 is in 4 played.
  • If the user wants a widget object 11 again from the display area 2 As described above, he can first remove the graphic object 6 select, whereupon the list, as in 3 shown, is played. Then he can by means of the touch-sensitive surface 4 or a gesture in front of the display area 2 Drag the widget object back to the list. The widget representative associated with the widget object is then returned to its original position in the list and the widget object 11 is no longer on the display area 2 displayed.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
    display device
    2
    display area
    3
    control device
    4
    touch-sensitive surface
    5
    vehicle bus
    6
    graphic object
    7
    Gesture detection device
    8th
    Background display
    9
    Widget Representatives
    10
    button
    11
    Widget objects
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list The documents listed by the applicant have been automated generated and is solely for better information recorded by the reader. The list is not part of the German Patent or utility model application. The DPMA takes over no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • - DE 102006032118 A1 [0005]
    • - DE 19941956 A1 [0006, 0007]
    • - DE 19941960 A1 [0007]
    • DE 102005020155 A1 [0008]
    • - DE 10058244 C2 [0032]
    • - DE 10305341 A1 [0032]
    • - DE 102004048956 A1 [0032]

Claims (12)

  1. Method for providing a user interface, in particular in a vehicle, in which - an operable graphic object ( 6 ) on a display surface ( 2 ) is displayed, - an actuation of the graphic object ( 6 ), whereupon a list of widget representatives ( 9 ) on the display area ( 2 ), and - a widget representative ( 9 ) of the list is selected, whereupon this widget representative ( 9 ) is removed from the list and instead a widget representative ( 9 Widget object ( 11 ) on the display area ( 2 ) is shown.
  2. Method according to Claim 1, characterized in that the graphic object ( 6 ) is represented as a virtual drawer representing the widget representatives ( 9 ), and that the drawer can be opened by a first operation and can be closed by a second operation.
  3. Method according to claim 2, characterized in that that the first operation to open the virtual Drawer includes a gesture of pulling out a drawer equivalent.
  4. Method according to claim 2 or 3, characterized that the second operation to close the virtual Drawer includes a gesture that is a pushing in of a Drawer corresponds.
  5. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a widget representative ( 9 ) of the list is selected by a third operation, wherein the third operation comprises a gesture indicating a movement of the widget representative ( 9 ) out of the drawer.
  6. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a widget object ( 11 ) displayed on the display surface ( 2 ) can be fed back to the list by means of a fourth operation, whereupon a widget representative ( 9 ), the widget object ( 11 ) is displayed again in the list and the widget object ( 11 ) no longer on the display area ( 2 ) is shown.
  7. A method according to claim 6, characterized in that the fourth operation comprises a gesture that moves inward of the widget object ( 11 ) corresponds to the drawer.
  8. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the widget object ( 11 ) independently of the further display content ( 8th ) on the display area ( 2 ) being represented.
  9. Device for providing a user interface, in particular in a vehicle, with - a display device ( 1 ), which has a display area ( 2 ), - a control device ( 3 ), with which the display area ( 2 ) is controllable so that an operable graphic object can be displayed on the display surface, and - an operating device ( 4 . 7 ), by means of which the displayed graphical object ( 6 ) is actuated, characterized in that - with the control device ( 3 ) the display device ( 1 ) is controllable such that upon actuation of the graphic object ( 6 ) a list of widget representatives ( 9 ) on the display area ( 2 ) and when selecting a widget representative ( 9 ) of the list by means of the operating device ( 4 . 7 ) this widget representative ( 9 ) is removed from the list and instead a widget representative ( 9 Widget object ( 11 ) on the display area ( 2 ) is shown.
  10. Apparatus according to claim 9, characterized in that the operating device ( 4 . 7 ) is designed so that input rules can be detected.
  11. Device according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the operating device has a touch-sensitive surface ( 4 ) located on the display surface ( 2 ) is trained.
  12. Device according to one of claims 9 to 11, characterized in that the operating device comprises a gesture detection device ( 7 ) for detecting gestures in a detection space located in front of the display area ( 2 ) is arranged.
DE102009036368A 2009-08-06 2009-08-06 User interface providing method for use in motor vehicle, involves selecting one of widget-representatives of list, and displaying widget-object assigned to widget-representatives on display area of display device Pending DE102009036368A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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DE102009036368A DE102009036368A1 (en) 2009-08-06 2009-08-06 User interface providing method for use in motor vehicle, involves selecting one of widget-representatives of list, and displaying widget-object assigned to widget-representatives on display area of display device

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DE102009036368A DE102009036368A1 (en) 2009-08-06 2009-08-06 User interface providing method for use in motor vehicle, involves selecting one of widget-representatives of list, and displaying widget-object assigned to widget-representatives on display area of display device

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DE102012205217A1 (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-02 Ifm Electronic Gmbh Information indication system e.g. head-up display mounted in vehicle e.g. motor car, has photo mixture detector (PMD) light source that is arranged for PMD camera such that light of PMD light source is directed over optical unit
DE102012205212A1 (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-02 Ifm Electronic Gmbh Information display system for use as head-up-display in vehicle, has photo-mixing detector camera for monitoring input region and evaluation unit which is so configured that gesture is detected only as input in virtual input region

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