DE102009001469A1 - Improving utilization of productive potential of transgenic plant by controlling e.g. animal pest, and/or by improving plant health, comprises treating the transgenic plant with active agent composition comprising prothioconazole - Google Patents

Improving utilization of productive potential of transgenic plant by controlling e.g. animal pest, and/or by improving plant health, comprises treating the transgenic plant with active agent composition comprising prothioconazole

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DE102009001469A1
DE102009001469A1 DE102009001469A DE102009001469A DE102009001469A1 DE 102009001469 A1 DE102009001469 A1 DE 102009001469A1 DE 102009001469 A DE102009001469 A DE 102009001469A DE 102009001469 A DE102009001469 A DE 102009001469A DE 102009001469 A1 DE102009001469 A1 DE 102009001469A1
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plants
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plant
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Frank Göhlich
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Bayer CropScience AG
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/64Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with three nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/647Triazoles; Hydrogenated triazoles
    • A01N43/6531,2,4-Triazoles; Hydrogenated 1,2,4-triazoles

Abstract

Improving utilization of the productive potential of a transgenic plant by controlling animal pests, phytopathogenic fungi, and/or microorganisms and/or by improving plant health, comprises treating the transgenic plant with an active agent composition comprising prothioconazole. ACTIVITY : Nematocide; Insecticide; Acaricide; Fungicide; Antibacterial; Virucide. MECHANISM OF ACTION : None given.

Description

  • introduction
  • The The invention relates to a method for improving the use of the Production potential by controlling pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms and / or the improvement of plant health by being transgenic Plants treated with chemicals.
  • Of the Proportion of transgenic plants in agriculture is in the last Years have risen significantly, although regional differences currently are still recognizable. For example, the proportion of transgenic corn has in the US since 2001 doubled from 26% to 52% while Transgenic maize has hardly played a practical role in Germany so far played. In other European countries, For example, in Spain, the proportion of transgenic corn but already at about 12%.
  • transgenic Plants are mainly used to increase the production potential the respective plant variety with the least possible use to use as cheaply as possible of means of production. The genetic modification of plants aims to do so It is all about, in the plants, a resistance to certain pests or harmful organisms, phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms or else herbicides and abiotic stress (for example Drought, heat or elevated salt levels). As well can a plant be genetically modified to produce certain quality or product features, such as B. the content of selected Vitamins or oils, increase or certain To improve fiber properties.
  • A herbicide resistance or tolerance can be achieved for example by the incorporation of genes into the crop for the expression of enzymes for detoxification of certain herbicides, so that these plants can grow as unhindered as possible even in the presence of these herbicides for controlling weeds and grass weeds. Examples are cotton varieties or maize varieties (Roundup ®), (Roundup Ready ®, Monsanto) or the herbicides glufosinate (Liberty Link ®) or oxynil tolerate the herbicidal active ingredient glyphosate.
  • More recently, crops have been developed that contain two or more genetic alterations ("stacked transgenic plants" or multiple transgenic cultures). For example, Monsanto has developed multiple transgenic maize varieties that are resistant to the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) and western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera). Similarly, maize and cotton crops are known to be resistant to both western corn rootworm and the cotton bollworm and the herbicide Roundup ® tolerate.
  • It has now been found that the use of the production potential of transgenic crops can be further improved by controlling pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms and / or increasing plant health by transgenic plants with prothioconazole with the chemical name 2 - [(2RS) -2- (1-chlorocyclopropyl) -3- (2-chlorophenyl) -2-hydroxypropyl] -2H-1,2,4-triazol-3 (4H) -thione ( IUPAC) with the CAS Reg. 178 928-70-6 and the formula (I)
    Figure 00020001
    treated.
  • Prothioconazole also exists in its tautomeric mercapto form:
    Figure 00020002
  • there the term "treatment" includes all Actions leading to contact between this active substance and at least one part of the plant. Under "plant parts" should all aboveground and underground parts and organs of plants, like sprout, leaf, flower and root are understood, exemplified leaves, needles, stems, stems, Flowers, fruiting bodies, fruits and seeds as well as roots, tubers and rhizomes. To The plant parts also include crops and vegetative and generative propagating material, such as cuttings, Tubers, rhizomes, cuttings and seeds.
  • According to the invention the term "pathogenic" for all organisms, the damage to plants or any plant part cause.
  • According to the invention the term "pesticide" means all chemical agents with fungicidal and / or insecticidal and / or herbicidal and / or acaricidal and / or bactericidal and / or antiviral and / or nematicidal Activity, in particular chemical agents with fungicidal and / or insecticidal and / or nematicidal and / or acaricidal activity.
  • According to the invention the term "pesticide" fungicides and / or insecticides and / or herbicides and / or acaricides and / or bactericides and / or antiviral agents and / or nematicides, especially fungicides and / or insecticides and / or nematicides and / or acaricides.
  • According to the invention the term "pests" for all Aschelminthes and Panarthropoda organisms causing damage on plants or any part of plants. Examples are Nematoda, Arthopoda, Hexapoda and Arachnida.
  • According to the invention the term "insecticide" for the activity a compound in combating unwanted Insects, acari or nematodes, or in reducing the damage of plants or parts of plants by pests.
  • According to the invention the term "mushrooms" for all fungal Organisms and Chromista organisms. According to the invention the term "phytopathogenic fungi" for all fungal organisms and Chromista organisms that cause damage on plants or any part of plants. Examples for fungal taxonomic groups are Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Chytridiomycota, Deuteromycota, Glomeromycota, Microsporidia, Zygomycota, as well as anamorphic mushrooms. Examples of Chromista are Oomycota.
  • According to the invention the term "microorganisms" for all bacterial organisms and protozoan organisms. examples are Plasmodiophoromycetes.
  • According to the invention the term "viruses" for all viruses, the damage to plants or any plant part cause. Examples are DNA viruses, RNA viruses and DNA and RNA reverse transcribing viruses and subviral agents.
  • According to the invention all plants and parts of plants are treated. Under plants one understands all plants and plant populations as desired and unwanted wild plants, varieties and plant varieties (regardless of whether they are protected by plant variety rights or plant breeders' rights can be protected or not). Varieties and Plant varieties can be plants that come with traditional propagation and breeding methods obtained by one or more biotechnological methods, such as B. the use of double haploids, protoplast fusion, random and directed mutagenesis, molecular or genetic markers, or by bioengineering methods and genetic engineering methods or marker-assisted breeding methods, e.g. B. SMART breeding ("Selection with Markers and Advanced Reproductive Technologies ") supported or supplemented can be. Under plant parts means all above ground and subterranean parts and organs of plants such as shoot, leaf, Flower and root, exemplified by leaves, Needles, stems, stems, flowers, fruiting bodies, Fruits and seeds as well as roots, tubers and rhizomes be listed. Crop and vegetative and generative Propagating material, eg. B. cuttings, tubers, rhizomes, offshoots and seeds, are also part of the plant.
  • Among the plants which can be protected by the process of the invention are: main crops such as corn, soybean, cotton, Brassica oilseeds such as Brassica napus (eg canola), Brassica rapa, B. juncea (e.g. Mustard) and Brassica carinata, rice, wheat, sugarbeet, sugar cane, oats, rye, barley, millet, triticale, flax, wine and various fruits and vegetables from various botanical taxa such as Rosaceae sp. (eg pome fruit such as apple and pear, but also stone fruits such as apricots, cherries, almonds and peaches, soft fruits such as strawberries), Ribesioidae sp., Juglandaceae sp., Be tulaceae sp., Anacardiaceae sp., Fagaceae sp., Moraceae sp., Oleaceae sp., Actinidaceae sp., Lauraceae sp., Musaceae sp. (eg banana trees and plantations), Rubiaceae sp. (e.g., coffee), Theaceae sp., Sterculiceae sp., Rutaceae sp. (eg lemons, oranges and grapefruit); Solanaceae sp. (eg, tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplant), Liliaceae sp., Compositiae sp. (eg salad, artichoke and cichorum - including root chicory, endive or common chicory), Umbelliferae sp. (eg carrot, parsley, perennial and root celery), Cucurbitaceae sp. (eg cucumber - including pickled cucumber, summer squash, watermelon, pumpkins and melons), Alliaceae sp. (eg onion and leek), Cruciferae sp. (eg white cabbage, red cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, pakchoi, kohlrabi, radish / radish, horseradish, cress, Chinese cabbage), Leguminosae sp. (eg peanuts, peas and beans - such as runner beans and broad beans), Chenopodiaceae sp. (eg turnips, chard, spinach, beetroot), Malvaceae (eg okra), asparagaceae (eg asparagus); horticultural crops and forest crops; ornamental plants; and genetically modified homologs of these crops.
  • The Treatment method according to the invention can in the treatment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), eg. As plants or seeds are used. In genetically modified Plants (or transgenic plants) are plants, where a heterologous gene was stably incorporated into the genome. The term "heterologous gene" essentially means a gene that is provided outside the plant or and when it is in the nuclear genome, the chloroplast genome or the mitochondrial genome is introduced, which transformed Plant new or improved agronomic or other characteristics conferred by being a protein or polypeptide expressing interest or that there is another gene in the Plant, or other genes present in the plant, down or shut down (eg, by antisense technology, Cosuppression technology or RNA interference technology (RNAi technology)). A heterologous gene located in the genome is also known as Transgenic called. A transgene due to its specific location is defined in the plant genome, transformation event or called transgenic event.
  • In Dependence on plant species or plant varieties, their location and their growing conditions (soils, climate, Growing season, diet), the inventive Treatment also to over-additive ("synergistic") Effects cause: So z. For example, the following effects are possible which go beyond the expected effects: reduced application rates and / or extended spectrum of action and / or increased efficacy of the active ingredients and compositions, which can be used according to the invention, better plant growth, increased tolerance high or low temperatures, increased tolerance Dryness or water or soil salt content, increased Flowering power, crop relief, maturing, higher Yields, bigger fruits, bigger ones Plant height, more intense green color of the leaf, earlier flowering, higher quality and / or higher nutritional value of the harvested products, higher Sugar concentration in fruits, better shelf life and / or processability of the harvested products.
  • In certain application rates, the inventive Drug combinations also have a tonic effect Exercise plants. They are therefore suitable for the Mobilization of the plant defense system against attack by unwanted microorganisms. This may if necessary one of the reasons for the increased effectiveness the combinations of the invention, for. B. against mushrooms. Plant-strengthening (resistance-inducing) Substances should in the present context also such substances or substance combinations that are capable of that plant defense system to stimulate the treated Plants, if they are subsequently unwanted Microorganisms are inoculated, a considerable Have a degree of resistance to these microorganisms. In the present Case is understood to be phytopathogenic under undesirable microorganisms Fungi, bacteria and viruses. The invention Substances can therefore be used to protect plants against attack by the pathogens mentioned above within a certain Period after treatment. The period over A protective effect generally extends from 1 to 10 days, preferably 1 to 7 days, after the treatment of the plants with the active ingredients.
  • To Plants and plant varieties, preferably treated according to the invention Be, count all plants that have genetic material which is particularly advantageous, useful to these plants Characteristics (whether by breeding and / or Biotechnology was achieved).
  • plants and plant varieties, which are also preferably treated according to the invention are resistant to one or more biotic stressors, d. H. These plants have an improved defense against animal and microbial pests such as nematodes, insects, mites, phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria, viruses and / or viroids.
  • plants and plant varieties which are also treated according to the invention are those plants that are against one or more several abiotic stress factors are resistant. To the abiotic Stress conditions can z. Drought, cold and heat conditions, osmotic stress, waterlogging, elevated Soil salt content, increased exposure to minerals, Ozone conditions, high light conditions, limited availability of nitrogen nutrients, limited availability of phosphorus nutrients or avoiding shadows.
  • plants and plant varieties which are also treated according to the invention are those plants that are raised by Yield characteristics are marked. An elevated one Yield can be in these plants z. B. on improved plant physiology, improved plant growth and improved plant development, such as water utilization efficiency, water retention efficiency, improved nitrogen utilization, increased carbon assimilation, improved photosynthesis, based on increased germination power and accelerated Abreife. The yield can continue through an improved plant architecture (under stress and non-stress conditions), including early flowering, control of flowering for the production of hybrid seed, seedling vigor, Plant size, internode number and distance, root growth, seed size, Fruit size, pod size, pods or ear number, number of seeds per pod or ear, Seed mass, increased seed filling, reduced Seed failure, reduced pod popping and stability. Other yield-related traits include seed composition such as carbohydrate content, protein content, oil content and oil composition, Nutritional value, reduction of nontoxic compounds, improved Workability and improved shelf life.
  • Examples for plants with the above-mentioned characteristics are shown in Table A and Table B, but not all-inclusive.
  • Plants which can be treated according to the invention are hybrid plants which already express the properties of the heterosis or the hybrid effect, which generally leads to higher yield, higher vigor, better health and better resistance to biotic and abiotic stress factors. Such plants are typically produced by crossing an inbred male sterile parental line (the female crossover partner) with another inbred male fertile parent line (the male crossbred partner). The hybrid seed is typically harvested from the male sterile plants and sold to propagators. Pollen sterile plants can sometimes (eg in the case of maize) be produced by delaving, ie mechanical removal of the male sexual organs (or the male flowers); however, it is more common for male sterility to be due to genetic determinants in the plant genome. In this case, especially when the desired product to be harvested from the hybrid plants is the seeds, it is usually beneficial to ensure that the pollen fertility in hybrid plants is completely restored. This can be accomplished by ensuring that the male crossing partners possess appropriate fertility restorer genes capable of restoring pollen fertility in hybrid plants containing the genetic determinants responsible for male sterility. Genetic determinants of pollen sterility may be localized in the cytoplasm. Examples of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) have been described e.g. B. for Brassica species described ( WO 92/05251 . WO 95/09910 . WO 98/27806 . WO 2005/002324 . WO 2006/021972 and US 6,229,072 ). However, genetic determinants of pollen sterility may also be localized in the nuclear genome. Pollen sterile plants can also be obtained using plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering. A particularly favorable means for the production of male sterile plants is in WO 89/10396 described, wherein z. For example, a ribonuclease such as a barnase is selectively expressed in the tapetum cells in the stamens. The fertility can then be restorated by expression of a ribonuclease inhibitor such as barstar in the tapetum cells (eg. WO 91/02069 ).
  • plants or plant varieties (using plant biotechnology methods, as the genetic engineering obtained), which treated according to the invention are herbicide-tolerant plants, d. H. Plants, against one or more given herbicides have been made tolerant. Such plants can either by genetic transformation or by selection of plants, containing a mutation conferring such herbicide tolerance, to be obtained.
  • Herbicide-resistant plants are z. B. Glyphosate-tolerant plants, ie plants that have been made tolerant of the herbicide glyphosate or its salts. Plants can be rendered glyphosate-tolerant in several ways. So z. For example, glyphosate-tolerant plants can be obtained by transforming the plant with a gene encoding the enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS). Examples of such EPSPS genes are the AroA gene (mutant CT7) of the bacterium Salmonella lyphimurium ( Comai et al., Science 1983, 221, 370-371 ), the bacterium's CP4 gene Agrobacterium sp. ( Barry et al., Curr. Topics Plant Physiol. 1992, 7, 139-145 ), the genes responsible for an EPSPS from the petunia ( Shah et al., Science 1986, 233, 478-481 ), for an EPSPS from the tomato ( Gasser et al., J. Biol. Chem. 1988, 263, 4280-4289 ) or for an EPSPS from Eleusine ( WO 01/66704 ). It can also be a mutated EPSPS, such as. In EP-A 0 837 944 . WO 00/66746 . WO 00/66747 or WO 02/26995 is described. Glyphosate-tolerant plants can also be obtained by expressing a gene encoding a glyphosate oxidoreductase enzyme as described in U.S. Pat U.S. Patent No. 5,776,760 and 5,463,175 is encoded. Glyphosate-tolerant plants can also be obtained by expressing a gene encoding a glyphosate acetyltransferase enzyme as described in, e.g. B. WO 02/036782 . WO 03/092360 . WO 2005/012515 and WO 2007/024782 is encoded. Glyphosate-tolerant plants can also be obtained by cultivating plants naturally occurring mutations of the above-mentioned genes, as described, for. In WO 01/024615 or WO 03/013226 are described, contain, selected.
  • Other herbicide-resistant plants are z. B. plants which have been made tolerant of herbicides which inhibit the enzyme glutamine synthase, such as bialaphos, phosphinothricin or glufosinate. Such plants can be obtained by expressing an enzyme which detoxifies the herbicide or a mutant of the enzyme glutamine synthase, which is resistant to inhibition. Such an effective detoxifying enzyme is e.g. An enzyme encoding a phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (such as the bar or pat protein from Streptomyces species). Plants expressing an exogenous phosphinothricin acetyltransferase are e.g. Tie U.S. Patent No. 5,561,236 ; 5,648,477 ; 5,646,024 ; 5,273,894 ; 5,637,489 ; 5,276,268 ; 5,739,082 ; 5,908,810 and 7,112,665 described.
  • Other herbicide-tolerant plants are also plants which have been tolerated against the herbicides which inhibit the enzyme hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD). The hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenases are enzymes that catalyze the reaction in which para-hydroxyphenylpyruvate (HPP) is converted to homogentisate. Plants tolerant to HPPD inhibitors may be treated with a gene encoding a naturally occurring resistant HPPD enzyme or a gene encoding a mutant HPPD enzyme as described in U.S. Pat WO 96/38567 . WO 99/24585 and WO 99/24586 encoded, transformed. Tolerance to HPPD inhibitors can also be achieved by transforming plants with genes encoding certain enzymes that allow the formation of homogentisate despite inhibition of the native HPPD enzyme by the HPPD inhibitor. Such plants and genes are in WO 99/34008 and WO 02/36787 described. The tolerance of plants to HPPD inhibitors can also be improved by transforming plants with a gene coding for a prephenate dehydrogenase enzyme in addition to a gene coding for an HPPD-tolerant enzyme, as described in US Pat WO 2004/024928 is described.
  • Still other herbicide-resistant plants are plants that have been tolerated to acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors. Known ALS inhibitors include, for. As sulfonylurea, imidazolinone, triazolopyrimidines, pyrimidinyloxy (thio) benzoates and / or sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinone herbicides. It is known that various mutations in the enzyme ALS (also known as acetohydroxy acid synthase, AHAS) confer tolerance to different herbicides or groups of herbicides, as described, for example, in US Pat. B. at Tranel and Wright, Weed Science 2002, 50, 700-712 , but also in the U.S. Patent No. 5,605,011 . 5,378,824 . 5,141,870 and 5,013,659 is described. The production of sulfonylurea-tolerant plants and imidazolinone-tolerant plants is described in U.S. Pat U.S. Patent No. 5,605,011 ; 5,013,659 ; 5,141,870 ; 5,767,361 ; 5,731,180 ; 5,304,732 ; 4,761,373 ; 5,331,107 ; 5,928,937 ; and 5,378,824 ; as well as in the international publication WO 96/33270 described. Other imidazolinone-tolerant plants are also in z. B. WO 2004/040012 . WO 2004/106529 . WO 2005/020673 . WO 2005/093093 . WO 2006/007373 . WO 2006/015376 . WO 2006/024351 and WO 2006/060634 described. Other sulfonylurea and imidazolinone-tolerant plants are also in z. B. WO 07/024782 described.
  • Other plants that are tolerant to imidazolinone and / or sulfonylurea can be obtained by induced mutagenesis, selection in cell cultures in the presence of the herbicide or by mutation breeding, as described, for. B. for the soybean in the U.S. Patent No. 5,084,082 , for rice in WO 97/41218 , for the sugar beet in the U.S. Patent No. 5,773,702 and WO 99/057965 , for salad in the U.S. Patent 5,198,599 or for the sunflower in WO 01/065922 is described.
  • Plants or plant varieties (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which can also be treated according to the invention are insect-resistant transgenic plants, ie plants which have been made resistant to attack by certain target insects. Such plants can be by genetic transformation or by selection of plants that ent ent mutation keep giving such insect resistance.
  • The term "insect-resistant transgenic plant" as used herein includes any plant containing at least one transgene comprising a coding sequence encoding:
    • 1) an insecticidal crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or an insecticidal part thereof, such as the insecticidal crystal proteins derived from Crickmore et al. (Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 1998, 62, 807-813) compiled and from Crickmore et al. 2005 updated in the Bacillus thuringiensis toxin nomenclature, online at: http://www.lifesci.sussex.ac.uk/Home/Neil_Crickmore/Bt/ ), or insecticidal parts thereof, e.g. Proteins of the cry protein classes Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1B, Cry1C, Cry1D, Cry1F, Cry2Ab, Cry3Aa or Cry3Bb or insecticidal portions thereof (e.g. EP-A 1 999 141 and WO 2007/107302 ); or
    • 2) a Bacillus thuringiensis crystal protein or a part thereof which is insecticidal in the presence of a second, other crystal protein than Bacillus thuringiensis or a part thereof, such as the binary toxin selected from the crystal proteins Cry34 and Cry35 ( Moellenbeck et al., Nat. Biotechnol. 2001, 19, 668-72 ; Schnepf et al., Applied Environm. Microbiol. 2006, 71, 1765-1774 ), or the binary toxin consisting of the Cry1A or Cry1F protein and the Cry2Aa or Cry2Ab or Cry2Ae protein (U.S. Patent Application Nos. 12 / 214,022 and 5,686,022) EP Application No. 08010791.5 ) consists; or
    • 3) an insecticidal hybrid protein comprising parts of two different insecticidal crystal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis, such as. A hybrid of the proteins of 1) above or a hybrid of the proteins of 2) above, e.g. For example, the protein Cry1A.105 produced by the corn event MON89034 ( WO 2007/027777 ); or
    • 4) a protein according to any one of items 1) to 3) above, wherein some, in particular 1 to 10, amino acids have been replaced by another amino acid in order to achieve a higher insecticidal activity against a target insect species and / or the spectrum of the affected target insect species and / or due to changes induced in the coding DNA during cloning or transformation, such as the protein Cry3Bb1 in maize events MON863 or MON88017 or the protein Cry3A in the maize event MIR604; or
    • 5) an insecticidal secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus cereus or an insecticidal part thereof, such as the vegetative insecticidal proteins (VIPs) disclosed in U.S. Pat http://www.lifesci.sussex.ac.uk/Home/Neil_Crickmore/Bt/vip.html are cited, for. B. Proteins of protein class VIP3Aa; or
    • 6) a secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus cereus, which is insecticidal in the presence of a second secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or B. cereus, such as the binary toxin consisting of the proteins VIP1A and VIP2A ( WO 94/21795 ) or
    • 7) a hybrid insecticidal protein comprising parts of various secreted proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus cereus, such as a hybrid of the proteins of 1) or a hybrid of the proteins of 2) above; or
    • 8) a protein according to any one of items 5) to 7) above, in which some, in particular 1 to 10, amino acids have been replaced by another amino acid in order to achieve a higher insecticidal activity against a target insect species and / or the spectrum of the affected To expand target insect species and / or due to changes introduced into the coding DNA during cloning or transformation (preserving the coding for an insecticidal protein), such as the protein VIP3Aa in cotton event COT 102; or
    • 9) a secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus cereus which is insecticidal in the presence of a crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, such as the binary toxin consisting of VIP3 and Cry1A or Cry1F (U.S. Patent Application Nos. 61/126083 and 61/195019) , or the binary toxin consisting of the protein VIP3 and the proteins Cry2Aa or Cry2Ab or Cry2Ae (US Patent Application Nos. 12 / 214,022 and US Pat EP Application No. 08010791.5 ); or
    • 10) a protein according to 9) above, in which some, in particular 1 to 10, amino acids have been replaced by another amino acid, in order to achieve a higher insecticidal activity against a target insect species, and / or to broaden the spectrum of the affected target insect species, and or because of changes introduced into the coding DNA during cloning or transformation (preserving the coding for an insecticidal protein).
  • Of course, insect-resistant transgenic plants in the present context also include any plant comprising a combination of genes encoding the proteins of any of the above-mentioned classes 1 to 10. In one embodiment, an insect-resistant plant contains more than one transgene encoding a protein of any one of the above classes 1 to 10 to extend the spectrum of target insect species of interest when using different proteins targeting different target insect species the development of insect resistance to the plant delay by using various proteins which are insecticidal for the same target insect species, but have a different mode of action, such as binding to different receptor binding sites in the insect.
  • An "insect-resistant transgenic plant" as used herein further includes any plant that contains at least one transgene that comprises a sequence that upon expression produces a double-stranded RNA that inhibits the growth of that pest insect when ingested by a plant pest insect z. In WO 2007/080126 is described.
  • Plants or plant varieties (obtained by methods of plant biotechnology, such as genetic engineering), which can also be treated according to the invention, are tolerant to abiotic stressors. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation or by selection of plants containing a mutation conferring such stress resistance. Particularly useful plants with stress tolerance include the following:
    • 1) plants containing a transgene capable of reducing the expression and / or activity of the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) gene in the plant cells or plants, as described in U.S. Pat WO 00/04173 . WO / 2006/045633 . WO 2006/045633 or WO 2007/131699 is described.
    • 2) plants containing a stress tolerance-promoting transgene capable of reducing the expression and / or activity of the PARG-encoding genes of the plants or plant cells, as described, for example, in US Pat. In WO 2004/090140 is described;
    • 3) plants which contain a stress tolerance-enhancing transgene encoding a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide salvage biosynthetic pathway enzyme functional in plants, including nicotinamidase, nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase, nicotinic acid mononucleotide adenyltransferase, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide synthetase or nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase as described e.g. In WO 2006/032469 . WO 2006/133827 . EP-A 1 999 263 or WO 2007/107326 is described.
  • Plants or plant varieties (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which can also be treated according to the invention have a changed amount, quality and / or storability of the harvested product and / or altered characteristics of certain components of the harvested product, such as B .:
    • 1) Transgenic plants that synthesize a modified starch, with respect to their physicochemical properties, in particular the amylose content or the amylose / amylopectin ratio, the degree of branching, the average chain length, the distribution of side chains, the viscosity behavior, the gel strength, the starch grain size and / or starch grain morphology is altered in comparison to the synthesized starch in wild-type plant cells or plants, so that this modified starch is better suited for certain applications. These transgenic plants synthesizing a modified starch are e.g. In EP-A 0571427 . WO 95/04826 . EP-A 0719338 . WO 96/15248 . WO 96/19581 . WO 96/27674 . WO 97/11188 . WO 97/26362 . WO 97/32985 . WO 97/42328 . WO 97/44472 . WO 97/45545 . WO 98/27212 . WO 98/40503 . WO 99/58688 . WO 99/58690 . WO 99/58654 . WO 00/08184 . WO 00/08185 . WO 00/08175 . WO 00/28052 . WO 00/77229 . WO 01/12782 . WO 01/12826 . WO 02/101059 . WO 03/071860 . WO 2004/056999 . WO 2005/030942 . WO 2005/030941 . WO 2005/095632 . WO 2005/095617 . WO 2005/095619 . WO 2005/095618 . WO 2005/123927 . WO 2006/018319 . WO 2006/103107 . WO 2006/108702 . WO 2007/009823 . WO 00/22140 . WO 2006/063862 . WO 2006/072603 . WO 02/034923 . WO 2008/017518 . WO 2008/080630 . WO 2008/080631 . WO 2008/090008 . WO 01/14569 . WO 02/79410 . WO 03/33540 . WO 2004/078983 . WO 01/19975 . WO 95/26407 . WO 96/34968 . WO 98/20145 . WO 99/12950 . WO 99/66050 . WO 99/53072 . US 6,734,341 . WO 00/11192 . WO 98/22604 . WO 98/32326 . WO 01/98509 . WO 01/98509 . WO 2005/002359 . US 5,824,790 . US 6,013,861 . WO 94/04693 . WO 94/09144 . WO 94/11520 . WO 95/35026 respectively. WO 97/20936 described.
    • 2) Transgenic plants that synthesize non-starch carbohydrate polymers or non-starch carbohydrate polymers whose properties are altered compared to wild-type plants without genetic modification. Examples are plants which produce polyfructose, in particular of the inulin and levan type, as described in US Pat EP-A 0663956 . WO 96/01904 . WO 96/21023 . WO 98/39460 and WO 99/24593 described plants that produce alpha-1,4-glucans, as described in WO 95/31553 . US 2002031826 . US 6,284,479 . US 5,712,107 . WO 97/47806 . WO 97/47807 . WO 97/47808 and WO 00/14249 described plants that produce alpha-1,6-branched alpha-1,4-glucans, as shown in WO 00/73422 and plants that produce alternan, as described in US Pat WO 00/47727 . WO 00/73422 . WO 2008/098975 . US 5,908,975 and EP-A 0728213 is described.
    • 3) Transgenic plants that produce hyaluronan, as z. In WO 2006/032538 . WO 2007/039314 . WO 2007/039315 . WO 2007/039316 . JP 2006304779 and WO 2005/012529 is described.
    • 4) Transgenic plants or hybrid plants, such as onions with characteristics such as' high soluble content Solids', 'mild' (low pungency, equals LP) and / or 'long-term storage' (equal to LS), as described in U.S. Patent Application Nos. 12 / 020,360 and 61 / 054,026.
  • Plants or plant varieties (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering), which can also be treated according to the invention, are plants such as cotton plants with altered fiber properties. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation or by selection of plants containing a mutation conferring such altered fiber properties; these include:
    • a) plants, such as cotton plants, which contain an altered form of cellulose synthase genes, as shown in WO 98/00549 is described
    • b) plants, such as cotton plants, which contain an altered form of rsw2 or rsw3 homologous nucleic acids, as described in US Pat WO 2004/053219 is described;
    • c) plants such as cotton plants with an increased expression of the sucrose phosphate synthase, as described in WO 01/17333 is described;
    • d) plants such as cotton plants with an increased expression of sucrose synthase, as described in WO 02/45485 is described;
    • e) plants such as cotton plants in which the timing of the passage control of the plasmodesms at the base of the fiber cell is changed, z. By down-regulating the fiber-selective β-1,3-glucanase, as described in U.S. Pat WO 2005/017157 , or as in the EP Application No. 08075514.3 or in U.S. Patent Application No. 61 / 128,938;
    • f) plants such as cotton plants with modified reactivity fibers, e.g. By expression of the N-acetylglucosamine transferase gene, including nodC, and chitin synthase genes, as described in U.S. Pat WO 2006/136351 is described.
  • Plants or plant varieties (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which can also be treated according to the invention are plants such as oilseed rape or related Brassica plants with altered oil composition properties. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation or by selection of plants containing a mutation conferring such altered oil properties; these include:
  • Plants or plant varieties (obtained by methods of plant biotechnology, such as genetic engineering), which can also be treated according to the invention, are plants such as oilseed rape or related Brassica plants with altered seed dispersal properties. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation or by selection of plants containing a mutation conferring such altered seed dispersal properties; These include rape plants with delayed or reduced seed scattering, as described in US Patent Application No. 61 / 135,230 and US Pat EP Application No. 08075648.9 is described.
  • Particularly useful transgenic plants which can be treated according to the invention are plants which contain transformation events, or combination of transformation events, and for applications in the United States of America to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) on deregulation, regardless of whether such requests have been approved or are being processed. This information is readily available from APHIS at any time, (4700 River Road Riverdale, MD 20737, USA) e.g. On the website http://www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/not_reg.html , As of the filing date of the present application, the applications for deregulation processed at APHIS or approved by APHIS were those listed in Table B, this table containing the following information:
    • - Application: identification number of the application. Technical descriptions of the transformation events can be found in the individual application documents available from APHIS by reference to this application number, such as: On the APHIS website. The descriptions are hereby incorporated by reference in the following text.
    • - Extension of an application: reference to a previous application for which an extension is requested.
    • - Institution: name of the applicant.
    • - Subject of the regulation: the respective plant species.
    • Transgenic phenotype: the trait conferred on the plants by the transformation event.
    • - Transformation event or line: name of the event (sometimes called a line (s)) for which deregulation is requested.
    • - APHIS documents: various documents published by APHIS in relation to the application, which are available from APHIS.
  • Additional particularly useful plants that contain individual transformation events or a combination of transformation events are e.g. In the databases of different national or regional authorities (see eg http://gmoinfo.jrc.it/gmp_browse.aspx and http://www.agbios.com/dbase.php ).
  • To other special transgenic plants include plants, which is a transgene in an agronomically neutral or beneficial Position as described in any patent publications, which are listed in Table C is described.
  • at a particularly preferred variant is the inventive Process for the treatment of transgenic vegetables, Corn, soybean, cotton, tobacco, rice, potato and sugar beet varieties used. These are preferably plants, the Bt toxins contain.
  • The vegetables or varieties are, for. To the following crops:
    • - Potatoes: preferably starch potatoes, sweet potatoes and ware potatoes;
    • - root vegetables: preferably carrots, swedes (turnips, stubble turnips (Brassica rapa var. Rapa)), spring turnips, turnips (Brassica campestris spp., Rapifera), Brassica rapa L. spp. rapa f. teltowiensis) salsify, Jerusalem artichoke, root parsley, parsnip, radish and horseradish;
    • - tubers: preferably kohlrabi, beetroot, celeriac, radishes;
    • - Onion vegetables: preferably spring onions, leeks and onions (stick and seed onions);
    • - cabbage: preferably cabbage (white cabbage, red cabbage, kale, kale), cauliflower, broccoli, kale, marrow cabbage, sea cabbage and Brussels sprouts;
    • - Fruits: preferably tomatoes, (field, panicles, meat, greenhouse, cocktail, industrial and fresh market tomatoes), melons, eggplant, aubergines, peppers (peppers and capsicums, capsicum), hot peppers, pumpkins , Courgettes and cucumbers (field, green, snake and cucumbers);
    • - Vegetable legumes: preferably wild beans (as sword beans, pea beans, flageolet beans, wax beans, dry beans with green and yellow-hulled varieties), runner beans (as sword beans, pea beans, lagoon beans, green, blue and yellow-hulled beans), broad beans (broad beans, Broad beans, varieties with white and black spotted flowers), peas (flat peas, chickpeas, marker peas, raspberries, sugar peas, palerbuts, varieties with light and dark green fresh grain) and lentils;
    • - leafy and stemmed vegetables: preferably Chinese cabbage, lettuce, pickle salad, lamb's lettuce, iceberg lettuce, romaine lettuce, cucumber salad, endive, radicchio, lollo rosso salad, rucolo salad, chicory, spinach, Swiss chard and parsley;
    • - Other vegetables: preferably asparagus, rhubarb, chives, artichokes, martens, sunflowers, tubers, dill, garden cress, mustard, poppy, peanut, sesame and salad chicory.
  • Preferred embodiments of the invention are those treatments with prothioconazole in which the transgenic plant:
    • a) from the series of plants listed in Table A: A-1 to A-133 or Table B: B-1 to B-85, or
    • b) one or more transgenic event (s) from the series of transgenic events listed in Table A: A-1 to A-133 or Table B: B-1 to B-85, or
    • c) has a feature based on one or more transgenic event (s) listed in Table C: C-1 to C-12, or
    • d) comprises a transgenic event from Table D: D-1 to D-48.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the transgenic plants are treated with prothioconazole to provide synergistic enhancement
    • (i) the pesticides efficacy and / or
    • (ii) the activity spectrum against pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms and / or
    • (iii) to obtain control of pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms with partial or total resistance or tolerance to prothioconazole, or that the plant is genetically modified to be resistant to wild type strains or susceptible strains of the said pests; / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms becomes resistant.
  • The methods for determining the resistance of pests to drugs are well known to those of ordinary skill in the art. Such methods are found, for. On the website of the "Insecticide Resistance Action Committee" http://www.irac-online.org or the website of the "Fungicide Resistance Action Committee" http://www.frac-online.org
  • In a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the treatment of a transgenic plant with prothioconazole leads to an increased yield of the transgenic plant, wherein the transgenic plant:
    • a) from the series of plants listed in Table A: A-1 to A-133 or Table B: B-1 to B-85, or
    • b) one or more transgenic event (s) from the series of transgenic events listed in Table A: A-1 to A-133 or Table B: B-1 to B-85, or
    • c) has a feature based on one or more transgenic event (s) listed in Table C: C-1 to C-12, or
    • d) comprises a transgenic event from Table D: D-1 to D-48.
  • According to the invention the plants to be treated with prothioconazole also combinations of transgenic events or characteristics that are shown in Tables A, B, C and D are described included.
  • Table A:
  • Non-exhaustive list of transgenic plants and events for the follow-up of the invention. Source: AgBios database (AGBIOS, PO Box 475, 106 St. John St. Merrickville, Ontario K0G1N0, CANADA) available at: http://www.agbios.com/dbase.php. No. Transgenic event Companies description Kulturpunze A-1 ASR368 Scotts Seeds Glyphosate tolerance obtained by inserting a modified 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) -coding gene from Agrobacterium tumefaciens, crossover partner B99061. Agrostis stolonifera white ostrich grass A-2 H7-1 Monsanto Company Sugar beet with tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate; Generation by inserting a gene for the EPSPS enzyme from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4. Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) A-3 T120-7 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Introducing the gene for phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) from Streptomyces viridochromogenes, an aerobic soil bacterium The effect of PPT is usually to inhibit glutamine synthetase, resulting in a fatal accumulation of ammonia. The acetylated PPT is inactive. Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) A-4 GTSB77 Novartis Seeds; Monsanto Company Sugar beet with tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate; Generation by inserting a gene for the EPSPS enzyme from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4. Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) A-5 23-18-17, 23-198 Monsanto Company (formerly Calgene) Canola rapeseed with high lauric acid (12: 0) and myristic (14: 0) content; Production by Inserting a Thioesterase Gene from the California Laurel (Umbellularia californica). Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-6 45A37, 46A40 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Canola rapeseed with high oleic acid and low linolenic acid content; Generation by a combination of chemical mutagenesis for selection of a fatty acid desaturase mutant with increased oleic acid content and traditional backcrossing to introduce the low linolenic acid feature. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-7 46A12, 46A16 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Combination of chemical mutagenesis to produce the high oleic acid trait and traditional breeding with registered canola rape varieties. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-8 GT200 Monsanto Company Canola rapeseed tolerant to the herbicide glyphosate; Generation by inserting genes for the enzymes EPSPS from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4 and glyphosate oxidase from Ochrobactrum anthropi. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-9 GT73, RT73 Monsanto Company Canola rapeseed tolerant to the herbicide glyphosate; Generation by inserting genes for the enzymes EPSPS from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4 and glyphosate oxidase from Ochrobactrum anthropi. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-10 HCN10 Aventis CropScience Introducing the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces viridochromogenes, an aerobic soil bacterium The effect of PPT is usually to inhibit glutamine synthetase, resulting in a fatal accumulation of ammonia. The acetylated PPT is inactive. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-11 HCN92 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Introducing the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces viridochromogenes, an aerobic soil bacterium The effect of PPT is usually to inhibit glutamine synthetase, resulting in a fatal accumulation of ammonia. The acetylated PPT is inactive. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-12 MS1, RF1 => PGS1 Aventis CropScience (formerly Plant Genetic Systems) Pollen sterility / fertility restorative / pollination control system with tolerance for the herbicide glufosinate. The MS lines contained the barnase gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, the RF lines contained the barstar gene from the same bacterium, and both lines contained the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-13 MS1, RF2 => PGS2 Aventis CropScience (formerly Plant Genetic Systems) Pollen sterility / fertility restorative / pollination control system with tolerance for the herbicide glufosinate. The MS lines contained the barnase gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, the RF lines contained the barstar gene from the same bacterium, and both lines contained the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-14 Ms8xRf3 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Pollen sterility / fertility restorative / pollination control system with tolerance for the herbicide glufosinate. The MS lines contained the barnase gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, the RF lines contained the barstar gene from the same bacterium, and both lines contained the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-15 NS738, NS 1471, NS1473 Pioneer Hi-Bred Intemational Inc. Selection of somaclonal variants with altered acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzymes and subsequent chemical mutagenesis. Two lines (P1, P2) with modifications at different uncoupled loci were originally selected. NS738 contains only the P2 mutation. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-16 OXY-235 Aventis CropScience (formerly Rhône Poulenc Inc.) Tolerance for the herbicides bromoxynil and ioxynil by incorporation of the Klebsiella pneumoniae nitrilase gene. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-17 PHY14, PHY35 Aventis CropScience (formerly Plant Genetic Systems) Production of male sterility by insertion of the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens barnase ribonuclease gene; Restoration Fertility by inserting the Barstar RNase inhibitor; PPT resistance by PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-18 PHY36 Science (formerly Plant Genetic Systems) Aventis Crop Production of male sterility by insertion of the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens barnase ribonuclease gene; Restoration Fertility by inserting the Barstar RNase inhibitor; PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-19 745 (HCN28) Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Introducing the PAT encoding gene from Streptomyces viridochromogenes, an aerobic soil bacterium. The effect of PPT is usually to inhibit glutamine synthetase, resulting in a fatal accumulation of ammonia. The acetylated PPT is inactive. Brassica napus (Argentine canola rape) A-20 HCR-1 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Introduction of the tolerance feature for the herbicide glufosinate ammonium from the transgenic B. napus line 745. This feature is mediated by the gene for the S. viridochromogenes PAT. Brassica rapa (Polish canola rape) A-21 ZSR500 / 502 Monsanto Company Introduction of a modified EPSPS and a gene from Achromobacter sp., Which degrades glyphosate by conversion into aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) and glyoxylates, by means of species crossing with GT73. Brassica rapa (Polish canola rape) A-22 55-1 / 63-1 Cornell University Papaya Ringpot Virus (PRSV) resistant papaya produced by insertion of coat protein (CP) coding sequences from this plant potyvirus. Carica papaya (papaya) A-23 RM3-3, RM3-4, RM3-6 Bejo Zaden BV Production of male sterility by insertion of the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens barnase ribonuclease gene; PPT resistance using the S. hygroscopicus bar gene encoding the PAT enzyme. Cichorium intybus (chicory) A-24 A, B Agritope Inc. Reduced accumulation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), and therefore decreased ethylene synthesis, by introducing the gene encoding S-adenosylmethionine hydrolase. Cucumis melo (melon) A-25 CZW-3 Asgrow (USA); Seminis Vegetable Inc. (Canada) Against Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV), Zucchini Yellows Mosaic Virus (ZYMV) and Watermelon Mosaic Virus (WMV) 2 Resistant Gourd (Curcurbita pepo); Generation by inserting the coat protein (CP) coding sequences of each of these plant viruses into the host genome. Cucurbita pepo (pumpkin) A-26 ZW20 Upjohn (USA); Seminis Vegetable Inc. (Canada) Against Zucchini Yellows Mosaic Virus (ZYMV) and Watermelon Mosaic Virus (WMV) 2 resistant pumpkin (Curcurbita pepo); Production by inserting the coat protein (CP) coding sequences of each of these plant potviruses into the host genome. Cucurbita pepo (pumpkin) A-27 66 Florigene Pty Ltd. Sulfonylurea herbicide-tolerant carnations with delayed senescence; Production by inserting a truncated copy of the gene for cloaca aminocyclopropancyclase (ACC) synthase to suppress the expression of the endogenous unmodified gene required for normal ethylene biosynthesis. Tolerance for sulfonylurea herbicides was generated by introducing a chlorosulfuron-tolerant version of the tobacco ALS gene. Dianthus caryophyllus (carnation) A-28 4, 11, 15, 16 Florigene Pty Ltd. Sulfurylurea herbicide-modified carnation cloves produced by the incorporation of two anthocyanin biosynthesis genes whose expression results in a purple / mauve coloration. Tolerance for sulfonylurea herbicides was generated by introducing a chlorosulfuron-tolerant version of the tobacco ALS gene. Dianthus caryophyllus (carnation) A-29 959A, 988A, 1226A, 1351A, 1363A, 1400A Ltd. Florigen Pty Introduction of two anthocyanin biosynthesis genes resulting in purple / mauve staining; Introduction of a variant of the ALS. Dianthus caryophyllus (carnation) A-30 A2704-12, A2704-21, A5547-35 Aventis CropScience Soybean tolerated for glufosinate ammonium herbicides; Production by inserting a modified gene for the PAT from the soil bacterium Streptomyces viridochromogenes. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-31 A5547-127 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Soybean tolerated for glufosinate ammonium herbicides; Production by inserting a modified gene for the PAT from the soil bacterium Streptomyces viridochromogenes. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-32 DP356043 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Soybean event with two herbicide tolerance genes: glyphosate N-acetyltransferase, which detoxifies glyphosate, and a modified acetolactate synthase Glycine max L. (soybean) A-33 G94-1, G94-19, 0168 DuPont Canada Agricultural Products Soybean with high oleic acid content; Generation by inserting a second copy of the soybean fatty acid desaturase (GmFad2-1) gene, resulting in a "shutdown" of the endogenous host gene. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-34 GTS 40-3-2 Monsanto Company Glyphosate-tolerant soybean variety; Production by inserting a modified gene for the EPSPS from the soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-35 GU262 Bayer Crop Science (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Soybean tolerated for glufosinate ammonium herbicides; Production by inserting a modified gene for the PAT from the soil bacterium Streptomyces viridochromogenes. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-36 MON89788 Monsanto Company Glyphosate-tolerant soybean variety; Generation by inserting a modified aroA (epsps) gene for the EPSPS from Agrobacterium tumefaciens CP4. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-37 OT96-15 Agriculture & Agri-Fond Canada Soybean with low linolenic acid content; Generation by traditional crossing to incorporate the novel feature from a naturally occurring fan1 gene mutant selected for low linolenic acid content. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-38 W62, W98 Bayer Crop Science (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Soybean tolerated for glufosinate ammonium herbicides; Production by inserting a modified gene for the PAT from the soil bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Glycine max L. (soybean) A-39 15985 Monsanto Company Insect resistant cotton; Derivation by transformation of the parent DP50B containing Event 531 (with expression of the Cry1Ac protein) with purified plasmid DNA containing the cry2Ab gene from B. thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki contained. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-40 19-51A DuPont Canada Agricultural Products Introduction of an ALS variant. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-41 281-24-236 DOW Agro Sciences LLC Insect resistant cotton; Generation by inserting the cry1F gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. Aizawai. The gene for the PAT from Streptomyces viridochromogenes was introduced as a selection marker. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-42 3006-210-23 DOW Agro Sciences LLC Insect resistant cotton; Generation by inserting the cry1Ac gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki. The gene for the PAT from Streptomyces viridochromogenes was introduced as a selection marker. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-43 31807/31808 Calgene Inc. Insect resistant cotton with tolerance to the herbicide bromoxynil; Production by insertion of the cry1Ac gene from Bacillus thuringiensis and a gene for Klebsiella pneumoniae nitrilase. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-44 BXN Calgene Inc. Tolerance cotton for the herbicide bromoxynil; Production by insertion of a gene for Klebsiella pneumoniae nitrilase. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-45 COT102 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Insect resistant cotton; Generation by insertion of the vip3A (a) gene from Bacillus thuringiensis AB88. The gene coding for APH4 from E. coli was introduced as a selection marker. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-46 DAS-21⌀23-5 x DAS-24236-5 DOW Agro Sciences LLC Wide Strike TM a cotton with insect resistance combination; Derivation by traditional crossing of parent lines 3006-210-23 (OECD designation: DAS-21⌀23-5) and 281-24-236 (Oecd designation: DAS-24236-5). Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-47 DAS-21⌀23-5 x DAS-24236-5 x MON88913 DOW AgroSciences LLC and Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Cotton with a combination of insect resistance and glyphosate tolerance; Production by traditional crossing of WideStrike cotton (OECD designation: DAS-21⌀23-5 x DAS-24236-5) with MON88913, known as RoundupReady Flex (OECD designation: MON-88913-8). Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-48 DAS-21⌀23-5 x DAS-24236-5 x MON-⌀1445-2 DOW AgroSciences LLC Wide Strike TM / Roundup Ready cotton, a cotton with a combination of insect resistance and glyphosate tolerance; Derivation by traditional crossing of WideStrike cotton (OECD designation: DAS-21⌀23-5 x DAS-24236-5) with MON1445 (OECD designation: MON-⌀1445-2). Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-49 LLCotton25 Bayer Crop Science (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Cotton with tolerance to the herbicide Glufosi-nate-Ammonium; Production by inserting a modified gene for the PAT from the soil bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-50 LLCotton25 x MON 15985 Bayer Crop Science (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Cotton with a combination of herbicide tolerance and insect resistance, in which tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium from LLCotton25 (OECD designation: ACS-GH⌀⌀1-3) with resistance to insects from MON15985 (OECD designation: MON-15985- 7) is combined. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-51 GBH614 Bayer Crop Science (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Cotton with tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate; Generation by inserting the 2MEPSPS gene into the Coker312 strain using Agrobacterium under the control of Ph4a748At and TpotpC. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-52 MON1445 / 16 98 Monsanto Company Cotton with tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate; Production by inserting a natural glyphosate-tolerant form of the enzyme EPSPS from A. tumefaciens strain CP4. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-53 MON15985 x MON88913 Monsanto Company Cotton with a combination of insect resistance and glyphosate tolerance; Production by traditional crossing of parent lines MON88913 (OECD designation: MON-88913-8) and 15985 (OECD designation: MON-15985-7). Glyphosate tolerance is derived from the line MON88913, which contains two genes encoding the enzyme 5-enolypyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4. Insect resistance stems from the line MON 15985, which was obtained by transformation of the parent DP50B containing Event 531 (expression of the Cry1Ac protein) with purified plasmid DNA containing the cry2Ab gene from B. thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki contained was produced. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-54 MON-15985-7 x MON-⌀1445-2 Monsanto Company Cotton with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Production by traditional crossing of parent lines 15985 (OECD designation: MON-15985-7) and MON-1445 (OECD designation: MON-⌀1445-2). Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-55 MON531 / 757/1076 Monsanto Company Insect resistant cotton; Generation by inserting the cry1Ac gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki HD-73 (b. Tk). Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-56 MON88913 Monsanto Company Cotton with tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate; Generation by inserting two genes for the EPSPS enzyme from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-57 MON-⌀⌀531-6 x MON-⌀1445-2 Monsanto Company Cotton with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Generation by traditional crossing of parent lines MON531 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀531-6) and MON-1445 (OECD designation: MON-⌀1445-2). Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) A-58 X81359 BASF Inc. Tolerance for imidazolinone herbicides by selecting for a naturally occurring mutant. Helianthus annuus (sunflower) A-59 RH44 BASF Inc. Selection for a mutagenized version of the enzyme acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS), also known as acetolactate synthase (ALS) or acetolactate pyruvate lyase. Lens culinaris (lens) A-60 FP967 University of Saskatchewan, Crop Dev. Center An ALS variant was obtained from a Chlorsulfurontoleranten line of A. thaliana and used for the transformation of flax. Linum usitatissimum L. (flax, flax) A-61 5345 Monsanto Company Resistance to pests by introducing the cry1Ac gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki. Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) A-62 8338 Monsanto Company Introduction of a gene sequence coding for the enzyme 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase (ACCd), which metabolizes the precursor of the ripening hormone ethylene. Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) A-63 1345-4 DNA Plant Technology Corporation Tomatoes with delayed maturity were generated by inserting an additional copy of a truncated ACC synthase gene resulting in down-regulation of endogenous ACC synthase and decreased ethylene accumulation. Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) A-64 35 1N Agritope Inc. Introduction of a gene sequence coding for the enzyme S-adenosylmethionine hydrolase, which metabolizes the precursor of the ripening hormone ethylene. Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) A-65 B, Da, F Zeneca Seeds Delayed softening tomatoes were generated by inserting a truncated version of the polygalacturonase (PG) gene in sense or antisense orientation to reduce expression of the endogenous PG gene, thereby reducing pectin degradation. Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) A-66 FLAVR SAVR Calgene Inc. Delayed softening tomatoes were generated by inserting an additional copy of the polygalacturonase (PG) gene in antisense orientation to reduce expression of the endogenous PG gene, thereby reducing pectin degradation. Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) A-67 J101, J163 Monsanto Company and Forage Genetics Int: Lucifer tolerant to the herbicide glyphosate was generated by inserting a gene for the EPSPS enzyme from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4. Medicago sativa (alfalfa) A-68 C / F / 93 / 08-02 Societe National d'Exploitation des Tabacs et Allumettes Tolerance for the herbicides bromoxynil and ioxynil by incorporation of the Klebsiella pneumoniae nitrilase gene. Nicotiana tabacum L. (tobacco) A-69 Vector 21-41 Vector Tobacco Inc. Reduced nicotine content by introducing a second copy of the quinolinic acid phosphoribosyltransferase (QTPase) from the tobacco in antisense orientation. The NPTII-encoding gene from E. coli was introduced as a selection marker to identify transformants. Nicotiana tabacum L. (tobacco) A-70 CL121, CL141, CFX51 BASF Inc. Tolerance for imidazolinone herbicide Imazethapyr was induced by chemical mutagenesis of the enzyme acetolactate synthase (ALS) using ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS). Oryza sativa (rice) A-71 IMINTA-1, IMINTA-4 BASF Inc. Tolerance for imidazolinone herbicides was induced by chemical mutagenesis of the enzyme acetolactate synthase (ALS) using sodium azide. Oryza saliva (rice) A-72 LLRICE06, LLRICE62 Aventis CropScience For the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium tolerant rice; Generation by insertion of a modified gene for the phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (PAT) from the soil bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus). Oryza saliva (rice) A-73 LLRICE601 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) For the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium tolerant rice; Production by inserting a modified gene for the PAT from the soil bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus). Oryza sativa (rice) A-74 C5 United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Plum tree with resistance to the plum-pox virus (PPV), production by Agrobacterium -mediated transformation with a hull protein gene (CP) of the virus. Prunus domestica (plum) A-75 PWC16 BASF Inc. Tolerance for the imidazolinone herbicide Imazethapyr was induced by chemical mutagenesis of the enzyme ALS using ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS). Oryza sativa (rice) A-76 ATBT04-6, ATBT04-27, ATBT04-30, ATBT04-31, ATBT04-36, SPBT02-5, SPBT02-7 Monsanto Company Potato beetle-resistant potatoes, produced by inserting the cry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis (subsp. Tenebrionis). Solanum tuberosum L. (potato) A-77 BT6, BT10, BT12, BT16, BT17, BT18, BT23 Monsanto Company Potato beetle-resistant potatoes, produced by inserting the cry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis (subsp. Tenebrionis). Solanum tuberosum L. (potato) A-78 RBMT15-101, SEMT15-02, SEMT15-15 Monsanto Company Potatoes with resistance to the Colorado potato beetle and the potato Y virus (PVY); Generation by inserting the cry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis (subsp. Tenebrionis) and the PVY gene for the coat protein. Solanum tuberosum L. (potato) A-79 RBMT21-129, RBMT21-350, RBMT22-082 Monsanto Company Potatoes with resistance to the Colorado beetle and potato leaf roll virus (PLRV); Generation by inserting the cry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis (subsp. Tenebrionis) and the PLRV gene for replicase. Solanum tuberosum L. (potato) A-80 AP205CL BASF Inc. Selection for a mutagenized version of the enzyme acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS), also known as ALS or acetolactate pyruvate lyase. Triticum aestivum (wheat) A-81 AP602CL BASF Inc. Selection for a mutagenized version of the enzyme acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS), also known as acetolactate synthase (ALS) or acetolactate pyruvate lyase. Triticum aestivum (wheat) A-82 BW255-2, BW238-3 BASF Inc. Selection for a mutagenized version of the enzyme acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS), also known as ALS or acetolactate pyruvate lyase. Triticum aestivum (wheat) A-83 BW7 BASF Inc. Tolerance to imidazolinone herbicides induced by chemical mutagenesis of the gene for acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS) using sodium azide. Triticum aestivum (wheat) A-84 MON71800 Monsanto Company Glyphosate-tolerant wheat variety; Production by inserting a modified gene for the EPSPS from the soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4. Triticum aestivum (wheat) A-85 SWP965001 Cyanamid Crop Protection Selection for a mutagenized version of the enzyme acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS), also known as ALS or acetolactate pyruvate lyase. Triticum aestivum (wheat) A-86 Teal 11A BASF Inc. Selection for a mutagenized version of the enzyme acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS), also known as ALS or acetolactate pyruvate lyase. Triticum aestivum (wheat) A-87 176 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Insect resistant corn; Generation by inserting the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. The genetic modification provides resistance to damage by the European corn borer. Zea mays L. (corn) A-88 3751IR Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Selection of somaclonal variants by embryo culture on imidazolinone-containing media. Zea mays L. (corn) A-89 676, 678, 680 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Pollen sterilizer maize with tolerance for the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium; Generation by insertion of genes for the DNA adenine methylase and the PAT from Escherichia coli or Streptomyces viridochromogenes. Zea mays L. (corn) A-90 ACS-ZM⌀⌀3-2 x MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Maize hybrid with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Derivation by traditional crossing of the parental lines T25 (OECD designation: ACS-ZM⌀⌀3-2) and MON810 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6). Zea mays L. (corn) A-91 B16 (DLL25) Dekalb Genetics Corporation Maize with tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium; Generation by inserting the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Zea mays L. (corn) A-92 BT11 (X4334CBR, X4734CBR) Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Insect resistant and herbicide tolerant maize; Generation by inserting the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, and the gene for phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) from S. viridochromogenes. Zea mays L. (corn) A-93 BT11 x MIR604 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Corn with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Generation by traditional crossing of the parental lines BT11 (only for the OECD valid name: SYN-BT⌀11-1) and MIR604 (only for the OECD valid name: SYN-IR6f⌀5-5). The resistance to the European corn borer and the tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium (Liberty) comes from BT11, which produces the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki contains, and the gene for the PAT from S. viridochromogenes. Corn rootworm resistance stems from MIR604, which contains the mcry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis. Zea mays L. (corn) A-94 BT11 x MIR604 x GA21 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Corn with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Generation by traditional crossing of the parental lines BT11 (only for the OECD valid name: SYN-BT⌀11-1), MIR604 (only for the OECD valid name: SYN-IR6⌀5-5) and GA21 (only for the OECD valid name : MON-⌀⌀⌀21-9). The resistance to the European corn borer and the tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium (Liberty) comes from BT11, which produces the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki contains, and the gene for the PAT from S. viridochromogenes. Corn rootworm resistance stems from MIR604, which contains the mcry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis. The tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate comes from GA21, which contains a modified EPSPS gene from maize. Zea mays L. (corn) A-95 CBH-351 Aventis CropScience Insect resistant maize with tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium; Development by inserting the gene for the Cry9C protein from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tolworthi and the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Zea mays L. (corn) A-96 DAS-06275-8 DOW AgroSciences LLC Maize with resistance to lepidopteran insects and tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium; Production by inserting the cry1F gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. Aizawai and the PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Zea mays L. (corn) A-97 DAS-59122-7 DOW AgroSciences LLC and Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Maize with resistance to the corn rootworm; Generation by inserting the cry34Ab1 and the cry35Ab1 gene from Bacillus thuringiensis strain PS149B1. The PAT coding gene from Streptomyces viridochromogenes was introduced as a selection marker. Zea mays L. (corn) A-98 DAS-59122-7 x NK603 DOW AgroSciences LLC and Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Corn with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Generation by traditional crossing of parental lines DAS-59122-7 (only for the OECD valid designation: DAS-59122-7) with NK603 (only for the OECD valid name: MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6). Corn rootworm resistance stems from DAS-59122-7, which contains the cry34Ab1 and cry35Ab1 genes from Bacillus thuringiensis strain PS149B1. The tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate comes from NK603. Zea mays L. (corn) A-99 DAS-59122-7 x TC1507 x NK603 DOW AgroSciences LLC and Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Corn with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Generation by traditional crossing of parental lines DAS-59122-7 (only for the OECD valid designation: DAS-59122-7) and TC1507 (only for the OECD valid designation: DAS-⌀15⌀7-1) with NK603 (only for the OECD valid name: MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6). Corn rootworm resistance stems from DAS-59122-7, which contains the cry34Ab1 and cry35Ab1 genes from Bacillus thuringiensis strain PS149B1. Lepidopteran resistance and tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium are from TC1507. The tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate comes from NK603. Zea mays L. (corn) A-100 DAS-⌀15⌀7-1 x MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6 DOW AgroSciences LLC Corn with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Production by traditional crossing of parent lines 1507 (OECD name: DAS-⌀15⌀7-1) and NK603 (OECD name: MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6). Zea mays L. (corn) A-101 DBT418 Dekalb Genetics Corporation Insect resistant maize with tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium; Development by inserting genes for the Cry1AC protein from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp kurstaki and the PAT from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Zea mays L. (corn) A-102 DK404SR BASF Inc. Somaclonal variants with a modified acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase) were selected by embryo culture on medium supplemented with ethoxydim. Zea mays L. (corn) A-103 Event 3272 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Maize line expressing a heat stable alpha amylase gene amy797E for ethanol production by the dry milling method. The phosphomannose isomerase gene from E. coli was used as a selection marker. Zea mays L. (corn) A-104 EXP1910IT Syngenta Seeds, Inc. (formerly Zeneca Seeds) A tolerance for the imidazolinone herbicide imazethapyr was induced by chemical mutagenesis of the enzyme ALS with the aid of ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS). Zea mays L. (corn) A-105 GA21 Monsanto Company A modified EPSPS, an enzyme involved in the shikimate biosynthetic pathway for the formation of aromatic amino acids, was induced by bombardment with the gene gun. Zea mays L. (corn) A-106 IT Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. A tolerance for the imidazolinone herbicide imazethapyr was obtained by in vitro selection of somaclonal variants. Zea mays L. (corn) A-107 LY038 Monsanto Company Altered amino acid composition, in particular increased lysine content, by introducing the cordapA gene from Corynebacterium glutamicum, which codes for the enzyme dihydrodipicolinate synthase (cDHDPS). Zea mays L. (corn) A-108 MIR604 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Corn rootworm-resistant maize was produced by transformation with a modified cry3A gene. The phosphomannose isomerase gene from E. coli was used as a selection marker. Zea mays L. (corn) A-109 MIR604 x GA21 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Corn with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Generate by traditional crossing of parent lines MIR604 (only for the OECD valid name: SYN-IR6⌀5-5) and GA21 (only for the OECD valid name: MON-⌀⌀⌀21-9). The corn rootworm resistance stems from MIR604, which contains mcry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis. The tolerance for the herbicide glyphosate comes from GA21. Zea mays L. (corn) A-110 MON80100 Monsanto Company Insect resistant corn; Generation by inserting the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. The genetic modification provides resistance to attack by the European corn borer. Zea mays L. (corn) A-111 MON802 Monsanto Company Insect resistance maize and tolerance to the herbicide glyphosate; Production by inserting the genes for the Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab protein and the EPSPS from the A. tumefaciens strain CP4. Zea mays L. (corn) A-112 MON809 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Resistance to the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) by introducing a synthetic cry1Ab gene. Glyphosate resistance by introducing the bacterial version of a plant enzyme, EPSPS. Zea mays L. (corn) A-113 MON810 Monsanto Company Insect resistant corn; Generation by inserting a truncated form of the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki HD-1. The genetic modification mediates resistance to attack by the European corn borer. Zea mays L. (corn) A-114 MON810 x MON88017 Monsanto Company Corn with a combination of insect resistance and glyphosate tolerance; Production by traditional crossing of parent lines MON810 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6) and MON88017 (OECD designation: MON-88⌀17-3). The resistance to the European corn borer comes from a truncated form of the cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki MD-1, which is available in MON810. Corn rootworm resistance is derived from the cry3Bb1 gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kumamotoensis, strain EG4691, which is present in MON88017. The tolerance for glyphosate is derived from a gene for EPSPS from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4 present in MON88017. Zea mays L. (corn) A-115 MON832 Monsanto Company Introduction of glyphosate oxidase (GOX) and a modified 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS), an enzyme involved in the shikimate biosynthetic pathway for the formation of aromatic amino acids, by bombardment with the gene gun. Zea mays L. (corn) A-116 MON863 Monsanto Company Maize with resistance to the corn rootworm; Generation by inserting the cry3Bb1 gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kumamotoensis. Zea mays L. (corn) A-117 MON88017 Monsanto Company Maize with resistance to the corn rootworm; Generation by inserting the cry3Bb1 gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kumamotoensis, strain EG4691. A tolerance for glyphosate was obtained by inserting a gene for EPSPS from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4. Zea mays L. (corn) A-118 MON89034 Monsanto Company Corn event that expresses two different insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis, which mediates resistance to various pests. Zea mays L. (corn) A-119 MON89034 x MON88017 Monsanto Company Corn with a combination of insect resistance and glyphosate tolerance; Generation by traditional crossing of parent lines MON89034 (OECD designation: MON-89⌀34-3) and MON88017 (OECD designation: MON-88⌀17-3). Lepiopteran resistance is derived from two cry genes present in MON89043. Corn rootworm resistance is from a single cry gene, and glyphosate tolerance is derived from a gene for EPSPS from Agrobacterium tumefaciens present in MON88017. Zea mays L. (corn) A-120 MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6 x MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6 Monsanto Company Maize hybrid with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, produced by traditional crossing of parent lines NK603 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6) and MON810 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6). Zea mays L. (corn) A-121 MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6 x LY038 Monsanto Company Maize with a combination of insect resistance and increased lysine content, produced by traditional crossing of parent lines MON810 (OECD name: MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6) and LY038 (OECD name: REN-⌀⌀⌀38-3). Zea mays L. (corn) A-122 MON-⌀⌀863-5 x MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6 Monsanto Company Maize hybrid with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, produced by traditional crossing of parent lines MON863 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀863-5) and NK603 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6). Zea mays L. (corn) A-123 MON-⌀⌀863-5 x MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6 Monsanto Company Maize hybrid with an insect resistance combination; Production by traditional crossing of parent lines MON863 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀863-5) and MON810 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6) Zea mays L. (corn) A-124 MON-⌀⌀863-5 x MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6 x MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6 Monsanto Company Maize hybrid with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, produced by traditional crossing of the hybrid hybrid MON-⌀⌀863-5 x MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6 and NK603 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀6⌀3-6). Zea mays L. (corn) A-125 MON-⌀⌀⌀21-9 x MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6 Monsanto Company Maize hybrid with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, derivation by traditional crossing of parental lines GA21 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀⌀21-9) and MON810 (OECD designation: MON-⌀⌀81⌀-6). Zea mays L. (corn) A-126 MS3 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Pollen sterility by expression of the barnase ribonuclease gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens; PPT resistance was achieved via the PAT. Zea mays L. (corn) A-127 MS6 Bayer CropScience (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Pollen sterility by expression of the barnase ribonuclease gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens; PPT resistance was achieved via the PAT. Zea mays L. (corn) A-128 NK603 Monsanto Company Introduction of a modified EPSPS, an enzyme involved in the shikimate biosynthetic pathway for the formation of aromatic amino acids, by bombardment with the gene gun. Zea mays L. (corn) A-129 SYN-BT⌀11-1 x MON-⌀⌀⌀21-9 Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Maize with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, produced by traditional crossing of the parental lines BT11 (only for the OECD valid name: SYN-BT⌀11-1) and GA21 (only for the OECD valid name: MON-⌀⌀⌀21-9 ). Zea mays L. (corn) A-130 T14, T25 Bayer Crop Science (Aventis CropScience (AgrEvo)) Maize with tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate; Generation by insertion of the gene for the PAT of the aerobic actinomycete Streptomyces viridochromogenes. Zea mays L. (corn) A-131 TC1507 Mycogene (c / o Dow AgroSciences); Pioneer (c / o Dupont) Insect resistant maize with tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium; Production by inserting the cry1F gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. Aizawai and the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces viridochromogenes. Zea mays L. (corn) A-132 TC1507 x DAS-59122-7 DOW Agro Sciences LLC and Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. Corn with a combination of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance; Preparation by traditional crossing of parent lines TC1507 (only for the OECD valid name: DAS-⌀15⌀7-1) with DAS-59122-7 (only for the OECD valid name: DAS-59122-7). Resistance to Lepidopteran insects stems from TC1507 due to the presence of the cry1F gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. Aizawai. Corn rootworm resistance stems from DAS-59122-7, which contains the cry34Ab1 and cry35Ab1 genes from Bacillus thuringiensis strain PS149B1. The tolerance for the herbicide glufosinate ammonium originates from 7C1507 of the gene for the PAT from Streptomyces viridochromogenes. Zea mays L. (corn) A-133 DP-⌀814⌀-6 (Event 98140) Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. The corn line 98140 was genetically modified to express the GAT4621 protein (glyphosate acetyltransferase) and ZM-HRA protein (modified corn version of an acetolactate synthase). The GA74621 protein encoded by the gat4621 gene confers tolerance to glyphosate-containing herbicides by acetylating glyphosate rendering it non-phytotoxic. The ZM-HRA protein encoded by the zm-hra gene confers tolerance for the herbicide class of ALS inhibitors. Zea mays L. (corn)
  • In In one embodiment of the invention, the plants A-1 to A-133 of Table A wholly or in part or is propagation material of these plants with prothioconazole alone or in the form of compositions, the prothioconazole include, treated or contacted.
  • Table B
  • Non-exhaustive list of transgenic plants for carrying out the invention from the APHIS database of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). The database can be found at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_welfare/efoia/index.shtml.
  • Abbreviations used in this table:
    • CMV cucumber mosaic virus
    • CPB potato beetle
    • PLRV potato leaf roll virus
    • PRSV Papaya ringspot virus
    • PVY potato virus Y
    • WMV2 watermelon mosaic virus 2
    • ZYMV Zucchini yellow mosaic virus
    No. application Request extension no. institution plant feature Transformation event or line EA degree assessment & determination B-1 08-315-01p Florigene rose Altered flower color Pink X hybrida B-2 07-253-01p Syngenta Corn Lepidopteran MIR-162 corn B-3 07-152-01p Pioneer Corn Glyphosate & imidazolinone tolerance HT-98140 B-4 07-108-01p Syngenta cotton Lepidopteran COT67B B-5 06-354-01p Pioneer Soybean High oleic acid content DP 3⌀5423-1 B-6 06-332-01p Bayer CropScience cotton Glyphosate tolerance GHB614 B-7 05-280-01p Syngenta Corn Heat-stable alpha-amylase 3272 B-8 04-337-01p University of Florida papaya Resistance to papaya ringpot virus X17-2 B-9 04-110-01p Monsanto & Forage Genetics alfalfa Glyphosate tolerance J101, J163 04-110-01p_com B-10 03-104-01p Monsanto & Scotts White ostrich grass Glyphosate tolerance ASR368 B-11 06-298-01p Monsanto Corn European corn borer resistance MON 89034 06-298-01p_com B-12 06-271-01p Pioneer Soybean Glyphosate & acetolactate synthase tolerance 356043 (DP-356⌀43-5) 06-271-01p_com B-13 06-234-01p 98-329-01p Bayer CropScience rice Phosphinothricin tolerance LLRICE601 06-234-01p_com B-14 06-178-01p Monsanto Soybean Glyphosate tolerance MON 89788 06-178-01p_com B-15 04-362-01p Syngenta Corn Protection against the corn rootworm MIR604 04-362-01p_com B-16 04-264-01p ARS plum Resistance to the plum-pox virus C5 04-264-01p_com B-17 04-229-01p Monsanto Corn High lysine content LY038 04-229-01p_com B-18 04-125-01p Monsanto Corn Corn rootworm resistance MON 88017 04-125-01p_com B-19 04-086-01p Monsanto cotton Glyphosate tolerance MON 88913 04-086-01p_com B-20 03-353-01p Dow Corn Corn rootworm resistance 59122 03-353-01p_com B-21 03-323-01p Monsanto sugar beet Glyphosate tolerance H7-1 03-323-01p_com B-22 03-181-01p 00-136-01p Dow Corn Lepidopteran resistance & phosphinothricin tolerance TC-6275 03-181-01p_com B-23 03-155-01p Syngenta cotton Lepidoptera resistance COT 102 03-155-01p_com B-24 03-036-01p Mycogen / Dow cotton Lepidoptera resistance 281-24-236 03-036-01p_com B-25 03-036-02p Mycogen / Dow cotton Lepidoptera resistance 3006-210-23 03-036-02p_com B-26 02-042-01p Aventis cotton Phosphinothricin tolerance LLCotton25 02-042-01p_com B-27 01-324-01p 98-216-01p Monsanto rape Glyphosate tolerance RT200 01-324-01p_com B-28 01-206-01p 98-278-01p Aventis rape Phosphinothricin Tolerance & Pollination Control MS1 & RF1 / RF2 01-206-01p_com B-29 01-206-02p 97-205-01p Aventis rape Phosphinothricin tolerance Topaz 19/2 01-206-02p_com B-30 01-137-01p Monsanto Corn Corn rootworm resistance MON 863 01-137-01p_com B-31 01-121-01p Vector tobacco Reduced nicotine content Vector 21-41 01-121-01p_com B-32 00-342-01p Monsanto cotton Lepidoptera resistance Cotton Event 15985 00-342-01p_com B-33 00-136-01p Mycogen c / o Dow & Pioneer Corn Lepidopteran Resistance & Phosphinothricin Tolerance Line 1507 00-136-01p_com B-34 00-011-01p 97-099-01p Monsanto Corn Glyphosate tolerance NK603 00-011-01p_com B-35 99-173-01p 97-204-01p Monsanto potato PLRV & CPB resistance RBMT22-82 99-173-01p_com B-36 98-349-01p 95-228-01p AgrEvo Corn Phosphinothricin tolerance and pollen sterility MS6 98-349-01p_com B-37 98-335-01p U. of Saskatchewan flax Tolerance for sulphonylurea herbicide residues in the soil CDC Triffid 98-335-01p_com B-38 98-329-01p AgrEvo rice Phosphinothricin tolerance LLRICE06, LLRICE62 98-329-01p_com B-39 98-278-01p AgrEvo rape Phosphinothricin Tolerance & Pollination Control MS8 & RF3 98-278-01p_com B-40 98-238-01p AgrEvo Soybean Phosphinothricin tolerance GU262 98-238-01p_com B-41 98-216-01p Monsanto rape Glyphosate tolerance RT73 98-216-01p_com B-42 98-173-01p Novartis Seeds & Monsanto turnip Glyphosate tolerance GTSB77 98-173-01p_com B-43 98-014-01p 96-068-01p AgrEvo Soybean Phosphinothricin tolerance A5547-127 98-014-01p_com B-44 97-342-01p Pioneer Corn Pollen sterility & phosphinothricin tolerance 676, 678, 680 97-342-01p_com B-45 97-339-01p Monsanto potato CPB & PVY resistance RBMT15-101, SEMT15-02, SEMT15-15 97-339-01p_com B-46 97-336-01p AgrEvo turnip Phosphinothricin tolerance T-120-7 97-336-01p_com B-47 97-287-01p Monsanto tomato Lepidoptera resistance 5345 97-287-01p_com B-48 97-265-01p AgrEvo Corn Phosphinothricin Tolerance & Lepidopteran Resistance CBH-351 97-265-01p_com B-49 97-205-01p AgrEvo rape Phosphinothricin tolerance T45 97-205-01p_com B-50 97-204-01p Monsanto potato CPB & PLRV resistance RBMT21-129 & RBMT21-350 97-204-01p_com B-51 97-148-01p Bejo Cichorium intybus male sterility RM3-3, RM3-4, RM3-6 97-148-01p_com B-52 97-099-01p Monsanto Corn Glyphosate tolerance GA21 97-099-01p_com B-53 97-013-01p Calgene cotton Bromoxynil Tolerance & Lepidopteran Resistance Events 31807 & 31808 97-013-01p-com B-54 97-008-01p Du Pont Soybean Changed oil profile G94-1, G94-19, G168 97-008-01p_com B-55 96-317-01p Monsanto Corn Glyphosate tolerance & ECB resistance MON802 96-317-01p_com B-56 96-291-01p DeKalb Corn European corn borer resistance DBT418 96-291-01p_com B-57 96-248-01p 92-196-01p Calgene tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung 1 additional FLAVRSAVR line 96-248-01p_com B-58 96-068-01p AgrEvo Soybean Phosphinothricin tolerance W62, W98, A2704-12, A2704-21, A5547-35 96-068-01p_com B-59 96-051-01p Cornell U papaya PRSV resistance 55-1, 63-1 96-051-01p_com B-60 96-017-01p 95-093-01p Monsanto Corn European corn borer resistance MON809 & MON810 96-017-01p_com B-61 95-352-01p Asgrow summer squash CMV, ZYMV, WMV2 resistance CZW-3 95-352-01p_com B-62 95-338-01p Monsanto potato CPB resistance SBT02-5 & -7, ATBT04-6 & -27, -30, -31, -36 95-338-01p_com B-63 95-324-01p Agritope tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung 35 1N 95-324-01p_com B-64 95-256-01p DuPont cotton Sulfonylurea resistance 19-51a 95-256-01p_com B-65 95-228-01p Plant Genetic Systems Corn pollen sterile MS3 95-228-01p_com B-66 95-195-01p Northrup King Corn European corn borer resistance Bt11 95-195-01p_com B-67 95-179-01p 92-196-01p Calgene tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung 2 additional FLAVR SAVR lines 95-179-01p_com B-68 95-145-01p DeKalb Corn Phosphinothricin tolerance B16 95-145-01p_com B-69 95-093-01p Monsanto Corn Lepidoptera resistance MON 80100 95-093-01p_com B-70 95-053-01p Monsanto tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung 8338 95-053-01p_com B-71 95-045-01p Monsanto cotton Glyphosate tolerance 1445, 1698 95-045-01p_com B-72 95-030-01p 92-196-01p Calgene tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung 20 additional FLAVR SAVR lines 95-030-01p_com B-73 94-357-01p AgrEvo Corn Phosphinothricin tolerance T14, T25 94-357-01p_com B-74 94-319-01p Ciba Seeds Corn Lepidoptera resistance Event 176 94-319-01p_com B-75 94-308-01p Monsanto cotton Lepidoptera resistance 531, 757, 1076 94-308-01p_com B-76 94-290-01p Zeneca & Petoseed tomato Reduced polygalacturonase content in the fruit B, Da, F 94-290-01p_com B-77 94-257-01p Monsanto potato Coleopteran resistance BT6, BT10, BT12, BT16, BT17, BT18, BT23 94-257-01p_com B-78 94-230-01p 92-196-01p Calgene tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung 9 additional FLAVR SAVR lines 94-230-01p_com B-79 94-228-01p DNA Plant Tech tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung 1345-4 94-228-01p_com B-80 94-227-01p 92-196-01p Calgene tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung Line N73 1436-111 94-227-01p_com B-81 94-090-01p Calgene rape Changed oil profile pCGN3828-212 / 86-18 & 23 94-090-01p_com B-82 93-258-01p Monsanto Soybean Glyphosate tolerance 40-3-2 93-258-01p_com B-83 93-196-01p Calgene cotton Bromoxynil tolerance BXN 93-196-01p_com B-84 92-204-01p Upjohn summer squash WMV2 & ZYMV resistance FV-20 92-204-01p_com B-85 92-196-01p Calgene tomato Altered Fruchtabreifung FLAVR SAVR 92-196-01p_com
  • In In one embodiment of the invention, the plants B-1 to B-85 of Table B wholly or in part or is propagation material of these plants with prothioconazole alone or in the form of compositions, the prothioconazole include, treated or contacted.
  • Table C
  • Non-exhaustive list of features for the refinement of the invention with reference to documents in which they are described. No. feature reference C-1 Water use efficiency WO 2000/073475 C-2 Nitrogen use efficiency WO 1995/009911 WO 1997/030163 WO 2007/092704 WO 2007/076115 WO 2005/103270 WO 2002/002776 C-3 Improved photosynthesis WO 2008/056915 WO 2004/101751 C-4 nematode resistance WO 1995/020669 WO 2001/051627 WO 2008/139334 WO 2008/095972 WO 2006/085966 WO 2003/033651 WO 1999/060141 WO 1998/012335 WO 1996/030517 WO 1993/018170 C-5 Reduced pod popping WO 2006/009649 WO 2004/113542 WO 1999/015680 WO 1999/000502 WO 1997/013865 WO 1996/030529 WO 1994/023043 C-6 aphid WO 2006/125065 WO 1997/046080 WO 2008/067043 WO 2004/072109 C-7 Sclerotinia resistance WO 2006/135717 WO 2006/055851 WO 2005/090578 WO 2005/000007 WO 2002/099385 WO 2002/061043 C-8 Botrytis resistance WO 2006/046861 WO 2002/085105 C-9 Bremia resistance US 20070022496 WO 2000/063432 WO 2004/049786 C-10 Erwinia resistance WO 2004/049786 C-11 Closterovirus resistance WO 2007/073167 WO 2007/053015 WO 2002/022836 C-12 Tobamovirus resistance WO 2006/038794
  • In In one embodiment of the invention, the plants, the features according to C-1 to C-12 of Table C. include or express all or part or propagation material of these plants with prothioconazole alone or in the form of compositions, the prothioconazole 5 include, treated or contacted.
  • Table D
  • Non-exhaustive list of transgenic events and features to which the invention may be applied with reference to patent applications. No. plant species Transgenic event feature Patent name D-1 Corn PV-ZMGT32 (NK603) Glyphosate tolerance US 2007-056056 D-2 Corn MIR604 Insect resistance (Cry3a055) EP-A 1 737 290 D-3 Corn LY038 High lysine content US 7,157,281 D-4 Corn 3272 Self-processing corn (alpha-amylase) US 2006-230473 D-5 Corn PV-ZMIR13 (MON863) Insect resistance (Cry3Bb) US 2006-095986 D-6 Corn DAS-59122-7 Insect resistance (Cry34Ab1 / Cry35Ab1) US 2006-070139 D-7 Corn TC1507 Insect resistance (Cry1F) US 7,435,807 D-8 Corn MON810 Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) US 2004-180373 D-9 Corn VIP1034 insect resistance WO 03/052073 D-10 Corn B16 Glufosinate resistance US 2003-126634 D-11 Corn GA21 Glyphosate resistance US 6,040,497 D-12 Corn GG25 Glyphosate resistance US 6,040,497 D-13 Corn FY11 Glyphosate resistance US 6,040,497 D-14 Corn FI117 Glyphosate resistance US 6,040,497 D-15 Corn GAT-ZM1 Glufosinate tolerance WO 01/51654 D-16 Corn DP-098140-6 Glyphosate tolerance / ALS inhibitor tolerance WO 2008/112019 D-17 wheat Event 1 Fusarium resistance (trichothecene-3-O-acetyltransferase) CA 2561992 D-18 sugar beet T227-1 Glyphosate tolerance US 2004-117870 D-19 sugar beet H7-1 Glyphosate tolerance WO 2004-074492 D-20 Soybean MON89788 Glyphosate tolerance US 2006-282915 D-21 Soybean A2704-12 Glufosinate tolerance WO 2006/108674 D-22 Soybean A5547-35 Glufosinate tolerance WO 2006/108675 D-23 Soybean DP-305423-1 High oleic acid content / ALS inhibitor tolerance WO 2008/054747 D-24 rice GAT-OS2 Glufosinate tolerance WO 01/83818 D-25 rice GAT OS3 Glufosinate tolerance US 2008-289060 D-26 rice PE-7 Insect resistance (Cry1Ac) WO 2008/114282 D-27 rape MS-B2 male sterility WO 01/31042 D-28 rape MS-BN1 / RF-BN1 Male sterility / Restoration Exhibition WO 01/41558 D-29 rape RT73 Glyphosate resistance WO 02/36831 D-30 cotton CE43-67B Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2006/128573 D-31 cotton CE46-02A Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2006/128572 D-32 cotton CE44-69D Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2006/128571 D-33 cotton 1143-14A Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2006/128569 D-34 cotton 1143-51B Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2006/128570 D-35 cotton T342-142 Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2006/128568 D-36 cotton event3006-210-23 Insect resistance (Cry1Ac) WO 2005/103266 D-37 cotton PV-GHGT07 (1445) Glyphosate tolerance US 2004-148666 D-38 cotton MON88913 Glyphosate tolerance WO 2004/072235 D-39 cotton EE-GH3 Glyphosate tolerance WO 2007/017186 D-40 cotton T304-40 Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2008/122406 D-41 cotton Cot202 Insect resistance (VIP3) US 2007-067868 D-42 cotton LLCotton25 Glufosinate resistance WO 2007/017186 D-43 cotton EE-GH5 Insect resistance (Cry1Ab) WO 2008/122406 D-44 cotton Event 281-24-236 Insect resistance (Cry1F) WO 2005/103266 D-45 cotton COT102 Insect resistance (Vip3A) US 2006-130175 D-46 cotton MON 15985 Insect resistance (Cry1A / Cr2Ab) US 2004-250317 D-47 bentgrass Asr-368 Glyphosate tolerance US 2006-162007 D-48 aubergine EE-1 Insect resistance (Cry1Ac) WO 2007/091277
  • In In one embodiment, the plants are transgenic Event according to D-1 to D-48 of Table D. or express such a feature wholly or partly, or will Propagating material of these plants, with prothioconazole alone or in the form of compositions comprising prothioconazole, treated or contacted.
  • In In one embodiment, the compositions contain the prothioconazole include another active ingredient. Especially this may be a fungicide or an acaricide, a nematicide or an insecticide or a herbicide safener.
  • typically, is the weight ratio between prothioconazole and other active ingredient between 1000 to 1 and 1 to 125, preferably between 125 to 1 and 1 to 50 and more preferably between 25 to 1 and 1 to 5.
  • Preferred are the following fungicides selected from the group consisting of:
    • F1) Compound capable of inhibiting nucleic acid synthesis, such as benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, bupiri mat, clozylacon, dimethirimol, ethirimol, furalaxyl, hymexazole, mefenoxam, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ofurace, oxadixyl, oxolinic acid;
    • F2) compound capable of inhibiting mitosis and cell division, such as benomyl, carbendazim, diethofencarb, ethaboxam, fuberidazole, pencycuron, thiabendazole, thiophanate-methyl, zoxamide;
    • F3) compound capable of inhibiting respiration, e.g. A CI respiratory inhibitor such as diflumetorim; a CII respiratory inhibitor such as boscalid, carboxin, fenfuram, flutolanil, furametpyr, furmecyclox, mepronil, oxycarboxin, penthiopyrad, thifluzamide; a CIII respiratory inhibitor such as amisulbrom, azoxystrobin, cyazofamide, dimoxystrobin, enestrobin, famoxadone, fenamidone, fluoxastrobin, kresoxim-methyl, metominostrobin, orysastrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, trifloxystrobin;
    • F4) compound capable of acting as a decoupler, such as dinocap, fluazinam, meptyldinocap;
    • F5) compound capable of inhibiting ATP production, such as fentin acetate, fentin chloride, fentin hydroxide, silthiofam;
    • F6) Compound capable of inhibiting AA and protein biosynthesis, such as andoprim, blasticidin-S, cyprodinil, kasugamycin, kasugamycin hydrochloride hydrate, mepanipyrim, pyrimethanil;
    • F7) compound capable of inhibiting signal conduction, such as fenpiclonil, fludioxonil, quinoxyfen;
    • F8) compound capable of inhibiting lipid and membrane synthesis such as biphenyl, chlozolinate, edifenphos, etridiazole, iodocarb, Iprobenfos, iprodione, isoprothiolanes, procymidone, propamocarb, propamocarb hydrochloride, pyrazophos, tolclofos-methyl, vinclozolin;
    • F9) Compound capable of inhibiting ergosterol biosynthesis, such as aldimorph, azaconazole, bitertanol, bromuconazole, cyproconazole, diclobutrazole, difenoconazole, diniconazole, diniconazole-M, dodemorph, dodemorph-acetate, epoxiconazole, etaconazole, fenarimol, fenbuconazole, fenhexamid, Fenpropidin, fenpropimorph, fluquinconazole, flurprimidol, flusilazole, flutriafol, furconazole, furconazole-cis, hexaconazole, imazalil, imazalil sulfate, imibenconazole, ipconazole, metconazole, myclobutanil, naftifine, nuarimol, oxpoconazole, paclobutrazole, pefurazoate, penconazole, prochloraz, propiconazole, Prothioconazole, Pyributicarb, Pyrifenox, Simeconazole, Spiroxamine, Tebuconazole, Terbinafine, Tetraconazole, Triadimefon, Triadimenol, Tridemorph, Triflumizole, Triforin, Triticonazole, Uniconazole, Viniconazole, Voriconazole;
    • F10) compound capable of inhibiting cell wall synthesis, such as benthiavalicarb, dimethomorph, flumorph, iprovalicarb, mandipropamide, polyoxins, polyoxorim, validamycin A;
    • F11) compound capable of inhibiting melanin biosynthesis, such as carpropamide, diclocymet, fenoxanil, phthalide, pyroquilone, tricyclazole;
    • F12) Compound capable of inducing host defense, such as acibenzolar-S-methyl, probenazole, tiadinil;
    • F13) Compound capable of exerting a multisite effect, such as Bordeaux broth, captafol, captan, chlorothalonil, copper naphthenate, copper oxide, copper oxychloride, copper preparations such as copper hydroxide, copper sulfate, dichlorfluanid, dithianon, dodin, dodin (free base), Ferbam , Fluoro-folpet, folpet, guazatine, guazatine acetate, iminoctadine, iminoctadine albesilate, iminoctadine triacetate, mancopper, mancozeb, maneb, metiram, metiram zinc, oxine copper, propineb, sulfur and sulfur preparations including calcium polysulfide, thiram, tolylfluanid , Zineb, Ziram;
    • F14) compound from the following list: (2E) -2- (2 - {[6- (3-chloro-2-methylphenoxy) -5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl] oxy} phenyl) -2- (methoxyimino) - N-methylacetamide, (2E) -2- {2 - [({[(1E) -1- (3 - {[(E) -1-fluoro-2-phenylvinyl] oxy} phenyl) ethylidene] amino) oxy) methyl] phenyl} -2- (methoxyimino) -N-methylacetamide, 1- (4-chlorophenyl) -2- (1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) cycloheptanol, 1 - [(4-methoxyphenoxy) methyl] -2,2-dimethylpropyl-1H-imidazole-1-carboxylate, 1-methyl-N- [2- (1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy) phenyl] -3- (trifluoromethyl) -1H-pyrazole 4-carboxamide, 2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-4- (methylsulfonyl) pyridine, 2-butoxy-6-iodo-3-propyl-4H-chromen-4-one, 2-chloro-N- (1, 1,3-trimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-4-yl) nicotinamide, 2-phenylphenol and salts, 3- (difluoromethyl) -1-methyl-N- [2- (1,1,2, 2-tetrafluoroethoxy) phenyl] -1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, 3- (difluoromethyl) -N - [(9R) -9-isopropyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,4-methanonaphthalene-5- yl] -1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, 3- (difluoromethyl) -N - [(9S) -9-isopropyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,4-methanonaphthalene-5-yl] yl] -1-methyl-1H-p yrazole-4-carboxamide, 3- (difluoromethyl) -N- [4 '- (3,3-dimethylbut-1-yn-1-yl) biphenyl-2-yl] -1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4 carboxamide, 3,4,5-trichloropyridine-2,6-dicarbonitrile, 3- [5- (4-chlorophenyl) -2,3-dimethylisoxazolidin-3-yl] pyridine, 3-chloro-5- (4-chlorophenyl) -4- (2,6-difluorophenyl) -6-methylpyridazine, 4- (4-chlorophenyl) -5- (2,6-difluorophenyl) -3,6-dimethylpyridazine, 5-chloro-7- (4-methylpiperidine 1-yl) -6- (2,4,6-trifluorophenyl) [1,2,4] triazolo [1,5-a] pyrimidine, 8-hydroxyquinoline sulfate, benthiazole, bethoxazine, capsimycin, carvone, quinomethionate, Cufraneb, cyflufenamid , Cymoxanil, Dazomet, Debacarb, Dichlorphene, Diclomezine, Dicloran, Difenzoquat, Difenzoquat-methylsulfate, Diphenylamine, Ecomat, Ferimzone, Flumetover, Fluopicolide, Fluoride, Flusulfamide, Fosetyl-Al, Fosetyl-Ca, Fosetyl-Na, Hexachlorobenzene, Irumamycin, Isotianil , Methasulfocarb, methyl (2E) -2- {2- [({cyclopropyl [(4-methoxyphenyl) imino] methyl} thio) methyl] phenyl} -3-methoxyacrylate, methyl 1- (2,2-dimethyl) 2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl) -1H-imida zol-5-carboxylate, methylisothiocyanate, metrafenone, mildiomycin, N- (3 ', 4'-dichloro-5-fluorobiphenyl-2-yl) -3- (difluoromethyl) -1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- (3-ethyl-3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexyl) -3- (formylamino) -2-hydroxybenzamide, N- (4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl) -N-ethyl-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide, N- (4 -Chlorobenzyl) -3- [3-methoxy-4- (prop-2-yn-1-yl-oxy) -phenyl] -propanamide, N - [(4-chlorophenyl) (cyano) -methyl] -3- [3-methoxy -4- (prop-2-yn-1-yloxy) phenyl] propanamide, N - [(5-bromo-3-chloropyridin-2-yl) methyl] -2,4-dichloronotinotin, N- [1- (5 -Bromo-3-chloropyridin-2-yl) ethyl] -2,4-dichloronotinotin, N- [1- (5-bromo-3-chloropyridin-2-yl) ethyl] -2-fluoro-4-iodonicotinamide, N - [2- (1,3-dimethylbutyl) phenyl] -5-fluoro-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N - {(Z) - [(cyclopropylmethoxy) imino] [6- (difluoromethoxy ) -2,3-difluorophenyl] methyl} -2-phenylacetamide, N- {2- [1,1'-bi (cyclopropyl) -2-yl] phenyl} -3- (difluoromethyl) -1-methyl-1H- pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- {2- [3-chloro-5- (trifluoromethyl) pyridin-2-yl] ethyl} -2- (trifluoromethyl) benzamide, natamycin, N- Ethyl N-methyl-N '- {2-methyl-5- (trifluoromethyl) -4- [3- (trimethylsilyl) propoxy] phenyl} imidoformamide, N-ethyl-N-methyl-N' - {2-methyl- 5- (difluoromethyl) -4- [3- (trimethylsilyl) propoxy] phenyl} imidoformamide, nickel dimethyldithiocarbamate, nitrothal isopropyl, O- {1- [(4-methoxyphenoxy) methyl] -2,2-dimethylpropyl} -1H-imidazole 1-carbothioate, octhilinone, oxamocarb, oxyfenthiine, pentachlorophenol and salts, phosphorous acid and its salts, piperine, propamocarb-fosetylate, propanosine sodium, proquinazide, pyribencarb, pyrrolnitrin, quintozene, S-allyl-5-amino-2-isopropyl -4- (2-methylphenyl) -3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioate, Tecloftalam, Tecnazene, triazoxide, trichlamide, valiphenal, zarilamide.
  • Especially preferred fungicides as additional active ingredients are the following fungicides selected from the group consisting from: azoxystrobin, dimoxystrobin, kresoxim-methyl, orysastrobin, Pyraclostrobin, trifloxystrobin, bixafen, boscalid, isopyrazam, Metalaxyl, penthiopyrad, 3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (2 ', 4', 5'-trifluorobiphenyl-2-yl) -amide, N- (2-bicyclopropyl-2-yl-phenyl) -3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, Dimethomorph, fluopicolide, difenoconazole, ipconazole, epoxiconazole, fluquinconazole, Flusilazole, flutriafol, metconazole, myclobutanil, propiconazole, Prothioconazole, tebuconazole, tetraconazole, triticonazole, prochloraz, Carbendazim, fluazinam, cyprodinil, pyrimethanil, fludioxonil, dodemorph, Fenpropimorph, tridemorph, fenpropidin, iprodione, vinclozolin, famoxadone, Probenazole, Captan, Folpet, 5-ethyl-6-octyl- [1,2,4] triazolo [1,5-a] pyrimidin-7-ylamine, Mancozeb, maneb, metiram, thiram, dithianone, fosetyl, fosetyl-al, Chlorothalonil, thiophanate-methyl, cymoxanil, metrafenone, spiroxamine, Bixafen, N- (3 ', 4', 5'-trifluorobiphenyl-2-yl) -3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- [2- (4'-trifluoromethylthio) biphenyl] -3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- [2- (1,3-dimethylbutyl) phenyl] -1,3-dimethyl-5-fluoro-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- (2-bicyclopropyl-2-yl-phenyl) -3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- (cis-2-bicyclopropyl-2-yl-phenyl) -3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- (trans-2-bicyclopropyl-2-yl-phenyl) -3-difluoromethyl-1 methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N- [1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9- (1-methylethyl) -1,4-methano-naphthalen-5-yl] -3- (difluoromethyl) -1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide.
  • Preferred are the following insecticides / acaricides / nematicides selected from the group:
    • (1) acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, e.g. B. carbamates, such as. B. alanycarb, aldicarb, aldoxycarb, allyxycarb, aminocarb, bendiocarb, benfuracarb, bufencarb, butacarb, butocarboxime, butoxycarboxime, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, cloethocarb, dimetilane, ethiofencarb, fenobucarb, fenothiocarb, formetanate, furathiocarb, isoprocarb, metam-sodium, Methiocarb, methomyl, metolcarb, oxamyl, pirimicarb, promecarb, propoxur, thiodicarb, thiofanox, trimethacarb, XMC, and xylylcarb; or organophosphates, such as. Acephate, azamethiphos, azinphos (-methyl, -ethyl), bromophos-ethyl, bromfenvinfos (-methyl), butathiofos, cadusafos, carbophenothion, chloroethoxyfos, chlorfenvinphos, chlormephos, chlorpyrifos (-methyl / -ethyl), coumaphos, cyanofenphos, Cyanophos, Chlorfenvinphos, Demeton-S-methyl, Demeton-S-methylsulfone, Dialifos, Diazion, Dichlofenthione, Dichlorvos / DDVP, Dicrotophos, Dimethoate, Dimethylvinphos, Dioxabenzofos, Disulfoton, EPN, Ethion, Ethoprophos, Etrimfos, Famphur, Fenamiphos, Fenitrothion, Fensulfothion, Fenthion, Flupyrazofos, Fonofos, Formothion, Fosmethilane, Fosthiazate, Heptenophos, Iodofenphos, Iprobenfos, Isazofos, Isofenphos, Isopropyl, O-Salicylate, Isoxathione, Malathion, Mecarbam, Methacrifos, Methamidophos, Methidathione, Mevinphos, Monocrotophos, Naled, Omethoate, Oxydemeton-methyl, parathion (-methyl / -ethyl), phenthoate, phorate, phosalone, phosmet, phosphamidone, phosphocarb, phoxim, pirimiphos (-methyl / -ethyl), profenofos, propaphos, propetamphos, prothiofos, prothoate, pyraclofos , Pyridathione, Pyridathion, Quinalphos, Sebufos, Sulfotep, Sulprofos, Tebupirimfos, Temephos, Terbufos, Tetrachlorvinphos, Thiometon, Triazophos, Triclorfon, Vamidothion and Imicyafos.
    • (2) GABA-controlled chloride channel antagonists, e.g. B. organochlorine compounds, such as. B. camphechlor, chlordane, endosulfan, gamma-HCH, HCH, heptachlor, lindane and methoxychlor; or fiproles (phenylpyrazoles), such as. Acetoprol, Ethiprol, Fipronil, Pyrafluprol, Pyriprol and Vaniliprole.
    • (3) sodium channel modulators / voltage dependent sodium channel blockers, e.g. As pyrethroids, such as. B. acrinathrin, allethrin (d-cis-trans, d-trans), beta-cyfluthrin, bifenthrin, bioallethrin, bioallethrin S-cyclopentyl isomer, bioethanomethrin, biopermethrin, bioresmethrin, chlovaporthrin, cis-cypermethrin, cis-resmethrin, cis-permethrin, Clocythrin, cycloprothrin, cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, cypermethrin (alpha-, beta-, theta-, ze ta-), cyphenothrin, deltamethrin, empenthrin (1R isomer), esfenvalerate, etofenprox, fenfluthrin, fenpropathrin, fenpyrithrine, fenvalerate, flubrocythrinate, flucythrinate, flufenprox, flumethrin, fuvalinate, fubfenprox, gamma-cyhalothrin, imiprothrin, kadethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin , Metofluthrin, permethrin (cis-, trans-), phenothrin (1R-trans isomer), prallethrin, profuthrin, protrifenbut, pyresmethrin, resmethrin, RU 15525, silafluofen, tau-fluvalinate, tefluthrin, terallethrin, tetramethrin (-1R isomer ), Tralomethrin, transfluthrin, ZXI 8901, pyrethrin (pyrethrum), eflusilanate; DDT; or methoxychlor.
    • (4) nicotinergic acetylcholine receptor agonists / antagonists, e.g. B. chloronicotinyls, such as. Acetamidopride, clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, imidaclothiz, nitenpyram, nithiazine, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, AKD-1022; Nicotine, Bensultap, Cartap, Thiosultap Sodium and Thiocylam.
    • (5) Allosteric acetylcholine receptor modulators (agonists), e.g. B. spinosyn, such. Spinosad and spinetoram.
    • (6) chloride channel activators, e.g. As Mectins / macrolides, such as. Abamectin, emamectin, emamectin benzoate, ivermectin, lepimectin and milbemectin; or juvenile hormone analogs, e.g. As hydroprene, kinoprene, methoprene, epofenone, tripene, fenoxycarb, pyriproxifen and diofenolane.
    • (7) agents with unknown or unspecific mechanisms of action, eg. B. gasification agents, such as. Methyl bromide, chloropicrine and sulfuryl fluoride; Selective Frashemmer, z. Cryolite, pymetrozine, pyrifluquinazone and flonicamide; or mite growth inhibitors, e.g. Clofentezine, hexythiazox, etoxazole.
    • (8) Inhibitors of oxidative phosphorylation, ATP disruptors, e.g. B. diafenthiuron; Organotin compounds, such as. Azocyclotin, cyhexatin and fenbutatin oxide; or propargite, tetradifon.
    • (9) decoupling of oxidative phosphorylation by interruption of the H proton gradient, e.g. G., Chlorfenapyr, binapacryl, dinobutone, dinocap and DNOC.
    • (10) Microbial disruptors of insect intestinal membrane, e.g. B. Bacillus thuringiensis strains.
    • (11) chitin biosynthesis inhibitors, e.g. B. Benzoylureas, z. Bistrifluron, chlorofluorazuron, diflubenzuron, fluazuron, flucycloxuron, flufenoxuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, novaluron, noviflumuron, penfluron, teflubenzuron or triflumuron.
    • (12) Buprofezin.
    • (13) compounds interrupting moulting, e.g. Cyromazine.
    • (14) ecdysone agonists / disruptors, e.g. As diacylhydrazines, such as. Chromafenozide, halofenozide, methoxyfenozide, tebufenozide and fufenozide (JS118); or Azadirachtin.
    • (15) Octopaminergic agonists, e.g. B. Amitraz.
    • (16) Site III Electron Transport Inhibitor / Site II Electron Transport Inhibitor, e.g. B. hydramethylnone; acequinocyl; fluacrypyrim; or Cyflumetofen and Cyenopyrafen.
    • (17) Electron transport inhibitor, e.g. B. Site I electron transport inhibitor from the group of METI acaricides such. Fenazaquin, Fenpyroximate, Pyrimidifen, Pyridaben, Tebufenpyrad, Tolfenpyrad and Rotenone; or voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers, such as. Indoxacarb and metaflumizone.
    • (18) fatty acid biosynthesis inhibitors, e.g. B. Tetronsäurederivative, z. Spirodiclofen and spiromesifen; or tetramic acid derivatives, e.g. B. spirotetramat.
    • (19) neuronal inhibitor with unknown mechanism of action, e.g. B. Bifenazate.
    • (20) ryanodine receptor effectors, e.g. B. diamides, z. B. flubendiamide, (R), (S) -3-chloro-N 1 - {2-methyl-4- [1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1- (trifluoromethyl) ethyl] phenyl} -N 2 - (1-methyl-2-methylsulfonylethyl) phthalamide, chlorantraniliprole (Rynaxypyr) or cyantraniliprole (Cyazypyr).
    • (21) Further agents with unknown mode of action, eg. B. amidoflumet, benclothiazole, benzoximate, bromopropylate, buprofezin, quinomethionate, chlordimeform, chlorobenzilate, clothiazoben, cycloprene, dicofol, dicyclanil, fenoxacrim, fentrifanil, flubenzimine, flufenerim, flotenzin, gossyplure, japonilurane, metoxadiazone, petroleum, potassium oleate, pyralidyl, sulfluramide, Tetrasul, triarathen or verbutin; or one of the following active substances: 4 - {[(6-bromopyrid-3-yl) methyl] (2-fluoroethyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from WO 2007/115644 ), 4 - {[(6-fluoropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (2,2-difluoroethyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (Known from WO 2007/115644 ), 4 - ([(2-chloro-1,3-thiazol-5-yl) methyl] (2-fluoroethyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from WO 2007/115644 ), 4 - {[(6-chloropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (2-fluoroethyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from WO 2007/115644 ), 4 - {[(6-chloropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (2,2-difluoroethyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one is known WO 2007/115644 ), 4 - {[(6-chloro-5-fluoropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (methyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from WO 2007/115643 ), 4 - {[(5,6-dichloropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (2-fluoroethyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from WO 2007/115646 ), 4 - {[(6-chloro-5-fluoropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (cyclopropyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from WO 2007/115643 ), 4 - {[(6-chloropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (cyclopropyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from EP-A-0 539 588 ), 4 - {[(6-chloropyrid-3-yl) methyl] (methyl) amino} furan-2 (5H) -one (known from EP-A-0 539 588 ), [(6-chloropyridin-3-yl) methyl] (methyl) oxido-λ 4 -sulfanylidenecyanoanamide (known from WO 2007/149134 ), [1- (6-chloropyridin-3-yl) ethyl] (methyl) oxido-λ 4 -sulfanylidenecyanoanamide (known from WO 2007/149134 ) and its diastereomers (A) and (B)
      Figure 00440001
      (also known from WO 2007/149134 ), [(6-trifluoromethylpyridin-3-yl) methyl] (methyl) oxido-λ 4 -sulfanylidenecyanoanamide (known from WO 2007/095229 ) or [1- (6-trifluoromethylpyridin-3-yl) ethyl] (methyl) oxido-λ 4 -sulfanylidenecyanoanamide (known from WO 2007/149134 ) and its diastereomers (C) and (D), namely sulfoxaflor
      Figure 00440002
  • Especially preferred acaricides, nematicides or insecticides as additional Active substance are selected from the group consisting of Acephate, chlorpyrifos, diazion, dichlorvos, dimethoate, fenitrothion, methamidophos, Methidathion, Methyl parathion, Monocrotophos, Phorate, Profenofos, Terbufos, aldicarb, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, methomyl, Thiodicarb, bifenthrin, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, deltamethrin, esfenvalerate, lambda-cyhalothrin, Permethrin, tefluthrin, diflubenzuron, flufenoxuron, lufenuron, Teflubenzuron, spirotetramate; Clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, Thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, thiacloprid; Endosulfan, fipronil, abamectin, Emamectin, spinosad, spinetoram, hydramethylnone; chlorfenapyr; Fenbutatin oxide, Indoxacarb, Metaflumizone, Flonicamid, Flubendiamid, Chlorantraniliprol, Cyazypyr (HGW86), Cyflumetofen.
  • All preferred acaricides, nematicides or insecticides as additional Active ingredients are selected from the group consisting of Thiodicarb, cyfluthrin, tefluthrin, clothianidin, imidacloprid, Thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, thiacloprid; Fipronil, Abamectin, Flubendiamide, Chlorantraniliprole, Cyazypyr.
  • Fungicidal foliar treatment
  • The inventive methods and compositions can fight for the following phytopathogenic fungi are used.
  • By way of example, but not by way of limitation, some pathogens of fungal diseases which can be treated according to the invention are named:
    Diseases caused by pathogens of powdery mildew such. B. Blumeria species, such as Blumeria graminis; Podosphaera species, such as Podosphaera leucotricha; Sphaerotheca species, such as Sphaerotheca fuliginea; Uncinula species, such as Uncinula necator;
    Diseases caused by pathogens of rust diseases such. B. Gymnosporangium species, such as Gymnosporangium sabinae; Hemileia species, such as Hemileia vastatrix; Phakopsora species such as Phakopsora pachyrhizi and Phakopsora meibomiae; Puccinia species, such as Puccinia recondita or Puccinia triticina; Uromyces species, such as Uromyces appendiculatus;
    Diseases caused by pathogens of the group of Oomycetes such. B. Bremia species such as Bremia lactucae; Peronospora species such as Peronospora pisi or P. brassicae; Phytophthora species, such as Phytophthora infestans; Plasmopara species, such as Plasmopara viticola; Pseudoperonospora species, such as, for example, Pseudoperonospora humuli or Pseudoperonospora cubensis; Pythium species such as Pythium ultimum; Leaf spot diseases and leaf withering, caused by e.g. Alternaria species, such as Alternaria solani; Cercospora species, such as Cercospora beticola; Cladiosporum species, such as Cladiosporium cucumerinum; Cochliobolus species, such as Cochliobolus sativus (conidia form: Drechslera, Syn: Helminthosporium); Colletotrichum species, such as Colletotrichum lindemuthanium; Cycloconium species such as cycloconium oleaginum; Diaporthe species, such as Diaporthe citri; Elsinoe species, such as Elsinoe fawcettii; Gloeosporium species, such as, for example, Gloeosporium laeticolor; Glomerella species, as in For example, Glomerella cingulata; Guignardia species, such as Guignardia bidwelli; Leptosphaeria species, such as Leptosphaeria maculans; Magnaporthe species, such as Magnaporthe grisea; Microdochium species such as Mic rodochium nivale; Mycosphaerella species, such as Mycosphaerella graminicola and M. fijiensis; Phaeosphaeria species, such as Phaeosphaeria nodorum; Pyrenophora species, such as, for example, Pyrenophora teres; Ramularia species, such as Ramularia collo-cygni; Rhynchosporium species, such as Rhynchosporium secalis; Septoria species, such as Septoria apii; Typhula species, such as Typhula incarnata; Venturia species, such as Venturia inaequalis;
    Root and stem diseases, caused by z. Corticium species such as Corticium graminearum; Fusarium species such as Fusarium oxysporum; Gaeumannomyces species such as Gaeumannomyces graminis; Rhizoctonia species, such as Rhizoctonia solani; Tapesia species, such as Tapesia acuformis; Thielaviopsis species, such as Thielaviopsis basicola;
    Ear and panicle diseases (including corncob), caused by z. Alternaria species such as Alternaria spp .; Aspergillus species, such as Aspergillus flavus; Cladosporium species, such as Cladosporium cladosporioides; Claviceps species, such as Claviceps purpurea; Fusarium species such as Fusarium culmorum; Gibberella species, such as Gibberella zeae; Monographella species, such as Monographella nivalis; Septoria species such as Septoria nodorum;
    Diseases caused by fire fungi such. Sphacelotheca species, such as Sphacelotheca reiliana; Tilletia species such as Tilletia caries, T. controversa; Urocystis species, such as Urocystis occulta; Ustilago species such as Ustilago nuda, U. nuda tritici;
    Fruit rot caused by z. Aspergillus species, such as Aspergillus flavus; Botrytis species, such as Botrytis cinerea; Penicillium species such as Penicillium expansum and P. purpurogenum; Sclerotinia species, such as Sclerotinia sclerotiorum; Verticilium species such as Verticilium alboatrum;
    Seed and soil borne rots and wilting, and seedling diseases, caused by z. Fusarium species such as Fusarium culmorum; Phytophthora species, such as Phytophthora cactorum; Pythium species such as Pythium ultimum; Rhizoctonia species, such as Rhizoctonia solani; Sclerotium species, such as Sclerotium rolfsii;
    Cancers, galls and witches brooms, caused by z. Nectria species, such as Nectria galligena;
    Wilt diseases caused by z. Monilinia species such as Monilinia laxa; Deformations of leaves, flowers and fruits, caused by z. B. Taphrina species, such as Taphrina deformans;
    Degenerative diseases woody plants, caused by z. B. Esca species such as Phaemoniella clamydospora and Phaeoacremonium aleophilum and Fomitiporia mediterranes;
    Flower and seed diseases, caused by z. B. Botrytis species, such as Botrytis cinerea;
    Diseases of plant tubers caused by e.g. Rhizoctonia species, such as Rhizoctonia solani; Helminthosporium species, such as Helminthosporium solani;
    Diseases caused by bacterial pathogens such. Xanthomonas species, such as Xanthomonas campestris pv. Oryzae; Pseudomonas species, such as Pseudomonas syringae pv. Lachrymans; Erwinia species, such as Erwinia amylovora;
    Preferably, the following diseases of soybean beans can be controlled:
    Fungal diseases on leaves, stems, pods and seeds caused by z. Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporoides dematium var. Truncatum), Brown spot (Septoria glycines), Cercospora leaf spot and blight (Cercospora kikuchii), Choanephora leaf blight (Choanephora infundibulifera trispora (Syn. ), Dactuliophora leaf spot (Dactuliophora glycines), Downy Mildew (Peronospora manshurica), Drechslers blight (Drechslers glycini), Frogeye leaf spot (Cercospora sojina), Leptosphaerulina leaf spot (Leptosphaerulina trifolii), Phyllostica leaf spot (Phyllosticta sojaecola), Pod Powdery Mildew (Microsphaera diffusa), Pyrenochaeta Leaf Spot (Pyrenochaeta glycines), Rhizoctonia Aerial, Foliage, and Web Blight (Rhizoctonia solani), Rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi, Phakopsora meibomiae), Scab (Sphaceloma glycines) and Stem Blight (Phomopsis sojae). , Stemphylium Leaf Blight (Stemphylium botryosum), Target Spot (Corynespora cassiicola).
    Fungal diseases on roots and the stem base caused by z. B. Black Root Red (Calonectria crotalariae), Charcoal Red (Macrophomina phaseolina), Fusarium Blight or Wilt, Root Red, and Pod and Collar Red (Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium orthoceras, Fusarium semitectum, Fusarium equiseti), Mycoleptodiscus Root Red (Mycoleptodiscus terrestris ), Neocosmospora (Neocosmopspora vasinfecta), Pod and Stem Blight (Diaporthe phaseolorum), Stem Canker (Diaporthe phaseolorum var. Caulivora), Phytophthora red (Phytophthora megasperma), Brown Stem red (Phialophora gregata), Pythium red (Pythium aphanidermatum, Pythium mistaken gular, Pythium debaryanum, Pythium myriotylum, Pythium ultimum), Rhizoctonia Root Red, Stem Decay, and Damping Off (Rhizoctonia solani), Sclerotinia Stem Decay (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum), Sclerotinia Southern Blight (Sclerotinia rolfsii), Thielaviopsis Root Red (Thielaviopsis basicola ).
  • When Microorganisms that cause a breakdown or a change can cause the technical materials are, for example Bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae and mucus organisms called. Preferably act the active compounds according to the invention against fungi, especially molds, wood discoloring and wood destroying Fungi (Basidiomycetes) as well as against slime organisms and algae. They are, for example, microorganisms of the following genera called: Alternaria, such as Alternaria tenuis; Aspergillus, such as Aspergillus Niger; Chaetomium, like Chaetomium globosum; Coniophora, like Coniophora puetana; Lentinus, like Lentinus tigrinus; Penicillium, like Penicillium glaucum; Polyporus, such as Polyporus versicolor; Aureobasidium, like Aureobasidium pullulans; Scleophoma, such as Sclerophoma pityophila; Trichoderma, such as Trichoderma viride; Escherichia, like Escherichia coli; Pseudomonas, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Staphylococcus, like Staphylococcus aureus.
  • Preferably will prothioconazole as a composition, in addition still an agriculturally acceptable vehicle, resource or filler.
  • According to the invention the term "carrier" is a natural one or synthetic, organic or inorganic compound, with the active ingredient of formula (I) combined or combined in order to ensure its application, in particular to plant parts, easier to design. This carrier is therefore generally inert and should be agriculturally acceptable. At the carrier it can be a solid or a liquid. Examples of suitable carriers include Clays, natural or synthetic silicates, silicon dioxide, Resins, waxes, solid fertilizers, water, alcohols, in particular Butanol, organic solvents, mineral and vegetable oils and their derivatives. It is also possible to use mixtures of these carriers be used.
  • The Composition according to the invention can still further Components include. In particular, the composition may continue include a surfactant. Be idem surfactant may be an emulsifier, a Dispersant or an ionic or non-ionic wetting agent or a mixture of such surfactants. To mention would be z. B. polyacrylic acid salts, Lignosulfonsäuresalze, Phenolsulfone or naphthalenesulfonic acid salts, polycondensates of ethylene oxide with fatty alcohols or with fatty acids or with fatty amines, substituted phenols (especially alkylphenols or arylphenols), salts of sulphosuccinic acid esters, Taurine derivatives (especially alkyl taurates), phosphoric acid esters of polyoxyethylated alcohols or phenols, fatty acid esters of polyols, as well as derivatives of the present compounds with sulfate, sulfonate and phosphate functions. The presence of at least one surfactant is generally necessary if the active substance and / or the inert carriers are water insoluble and if it is the vehicle for the application is water. Preferably, the surfactant content of 5 to 40 weight percent of the composition.
  • It For example, dyes such as inorganic pigments, e.g. Iron oxide, Titanium oxide, ferrocyan blue, as well as organic dyes such as alizarin, Azo and metallophthalocyanine dyes and trace elements such as Iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and Zinc salts are used.
  • Possibly can be used with other ingredients, z. B. protective colloids, adhesives, thickeners, thixotropic agents, Penetration promoters, stabilizers, sequestering agents. More generally, the active ingredients with any solid or liquid additives that the usual formulation techniques, combined become.
  • in the In general, the composition of the invention 0.05 to 99% by weight of active ingredients, preferably 10 to 70% by weight contain.
  • The combination or composition according to the invention can be used as such, in the form of its formulations or in the form of application forms produced therewith, such as aerosol dispensers, capsule suspensions, cold fogging concentrate, dusts, emulsifiable concentrate, oil-in-water emulsion, water-in-solution. Oil emulsion, capsule granules, fine granules, suspension pickle, gas (in pressure pack), gas generating product, granules, hot misting agent, macrogranulate, microgranulate, oil dispersible powder, oil miscible multiphase concentrate, oil miscible solution, paste, plant sticks, dry pickle, pilled seed, water soluble concentrate, water soluble powder , Wet pickling, suspension concentrate (flowable concentrate), ULV solution, ULV suspension, water-dispersible granules or water-dispersible tablets, slurry pickling, water-soluble granules or water-soluble tablets, wet pickling and spray powder.
  • The Treatment of plants and parts of plants with the inventive Active ingredient combination takes place directly or by acting on their The environment, their habitat or their livestock using the usual methods of treatment, z. B. by pouring (drenching), drip irrigation, Spraying, spraying, spreading, dusts, foaming, Apply as well as dry pickle, damp pickle, wet pickle, slurry stain or by encrusting.
  • These Compositions not only include compositions that are ready are to be applied to the plant to be treated or the treated Seed by means of a suitable device, such as a sprayer or Dusting machine to be applied, but also concentrated commercially available compositions, which are diluted before application to the crop have to.
  • The Active ingredients in the composition according to the invention have strong microbicidal activity and can for combating unwanted Microorganisms such as fungi or bacteria in crop protection or be used in the protection of materials.
  • at the composition of the invention can Fungicides in crop protection z. B. for the fight by Plasmodiophoromycetes, Oomycetes, Chytridiomycetes, Zygomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes and Deuteromycetes.
  • at the composition of the invention can bactericidal compounds in crop protection z. B. for the Control of Pseudomonadaceae, Rhizobiaceae, Enterobacteriaceae, Corynebacteriaceae and Streptomycetaceae.
  • The Fungicide composition according to the invention for curative or preventive control of phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms of plants, including also cultivated plants. According to one Another aspect of the invention is therefore a method for the preventive or preventive control of phytopathogenic Fungi and / or microorganisms of plants, including crops, provided in which a inventive Fungicide composition by application to the seed, the plant or the fruit of the plant or the soil in which the plant grows or to grow, used.
  • Insecticidal foliage treatment
  • The methods and compositions according to the invention can be used for controlling the following animal pests.
    From the order of the Anoplura (Phthiraptera), z. Damalinia spp., Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Trichodectes spp.
    From the class of Arachnida, z. Acarus siro, Aceria sheldoni, Aculops spp., Aculus spp., Amblyomma spp., Argas spp., Boophilus spp., Brevipalpus spp., Bryobia praetiosa, Chorioptes spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Eotetranychus spp., Epitrimerus pyri, Eutetranychus Spp., Eriophyes spp., Hemitarsonemus spp., Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Latrodectus mactans, Metatetranychus spp., Oligonychus spp., Ornithodoros spp., Panonychus spp., Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Psoroptes spp., Rhipicephalus spp , Rhizoglyphus spp., Sarcoptes spp., Scorpio maurus, Stenotarsonemus spp., Tarsonemus spp., Tetranychus spp., Vasates lycopersici.
    From the class of Bivalva, z. B. Dreissena spp.
    From the order Chilopoda, z. Geophilus spp., Scutigera spp.
    From the order of Coleoptera, z. Acanthoscelides obtectus, Adoretus spp., Agelastica alni, Agriotes spp., Amphimallon solstitialis, Anobium punctatum, Anoplophora spp., Anthonomus spp., Anthrenus spp., Apogonia spp., Atomaria spp., Attagenus spp., Bruchidius obtectus, Bruchus Spp., Ceuthorhynchus spp., Cleonus mendicus, Conoderus spp., Cosmopolites spp., Costelytra zealandica, Curculio spp., Cryptorhynchus lapathi, Dermestes spp., Diabrotica spp., Epilachna spp., Faustinus cubae, Gibbium psylloides, Heteronychus arator, Hylamorpha elegans, Hylotrupes bajulus, Hypera postica, Hypothenemus spp., Lachnosterna consanguinea, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus, Lixus spp., Lyctus spp., Meligethes aeneus, Melolontha melolontha, Migdolus spp., Monochamus spp., Naupactus xanthographus, Niptus hololeucus, Oryctes rhinoceros, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Oxycetonia jucunda, Phaedon cochleariae, Phyllophaga spp., Popillia japonica, Premnotrypes spp., Psylliodes chrysocephala, Ptinus spp. , Rhizobius ventralis, Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus spp., Sphenophorus spp., Starchus spp., Symphyletes spp., Tenebrio mo litor, Tribolium spp., Trogoderma spp., Tychius spp., Xylotrechus spp., Zabrus spp.
    From the order of Collembola, z. B. Onychiurus armatus.
    From the order of the Dermaptera, z. B. Forficula auricularia.
    From the order of Diplopoda, z. B. Blaniulus guttulatus.
    From the order of Diptera, z. B. Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Bibio hortulanus, Calliphora erythrocephala, Ceratitis capitata, Chrysomyia spp., Cochliomyia spp., Cordylobia anthropophaga, Culex spp., Cuterebra spp., Dacus oleae, Dermatobia hominis, Drosophila spp., Fannia spp , Gastrophilus spp., Hylemyia spp., Hyppobosca spp., Hypoderma spp., Liriomyza spp., Lucilia spp., Musca spp., Nezara spp., Oestrus spp., Oscinella frit, Pegomyia hyoscyami, Phorbia spp., Stomoxys spp , Tabanus spp., Tannia spp., Tipula paludosa, Wohlfahrtia spp.
    From the class of Gastropoda, z. B. Arion spp., Biomphalaria spp., Bulinus spp., Deroceras spp., Galba spp., Lymnaea spp., Oncomelania spp., Succinea spp.
    From the class of helminths, z. Ancylostoma duodenale, Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Acylostoma braziliensis, Ancylostoma spp., Ascaris lubricoides, Ascaris spp., Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, Bunostomum spp., Chabertia spp., Clonorchis spp., Cooperia spp., Dicrocoelium spp, Dictyocaulus filaria. Diphyllobothrium latum, Dracunculus medinensis, Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, Enterobius vermicularis, Faciola spp., Haemonchus spp., Heterakis spp., Hymenolepis nana, Hyostrongulus spp., Loa Loa, Nematodirus spp., Oesophagostomum spp., Opisthorchis spp., Onchocerca Volvulus, Ostertagia spp., Paragonimus spp., Schistosome spp., Strongyloides fuelleborni, Strongyloides stercoralis, Stronyloides spp., Taenia saginata, Taenia solium, Trichinella spiralis, Trichinella nativa, Trichinella britovi, Trichinella nelsoni, Trichinella pseudopsiralis, Trichostrongulus spp., Trichuris trichuria, Wuchereria bancrofti.
    Furthermore, protozoa like Eimenia can be fought.
    From the order of Heteroptera, z. B. Anasa tristis, Antestiopsis spp., Blissus spp., Calocoris spp., Campylomma livida, Cavelerius spp., Cimex spp., Creontiades dilutus, Dasynus piperis, Dichelops furcatus, Diconocoris hewetti, Dysdercus spp., Euschistus spp., Eurygaster spp , Heliopeltis spp., Horcias nobilellus, Leptocorisa spp., Leptoglossus phyllopus, Lygus spp., Macropes excavatus, Miridae, Nezara spp., Oebalus spp., Pentomidae, Piesma quadrata, Piezodorus spp., Psallus seriatus, Pseudacysta persea, Rhodnius spp , Sahlbergella singularis, Scotinophora spp., Stephanitis nashi, Tibraca spp., Triatoma spp.
    From the order of Homoptera, z. Acyrthosipon spp., Aeneolamia spp., Agonoscena spp., Aleurodes spp., Aleurolobus barodensis, Aleurothrixus spp., Amrasca spp., Anuraphis cardui, Aonidiella spp., Aphanostigma piri, Aphis spp., Arboridia apicalis, Aspidiella spp. Aspidiotus spp., Atanus spp., Aulacorthum solani, Bemisia spp., Brachycaudus helichrysii, Brachycolus spp., Brevicoryne brassicae, Calligypona marginata, Carneocephala fulgida, Ceratovacuna lanigera, Cercopidae, Ceroplastes spp., Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Chionaspis tegalensis, Chlorita onukii, Chromaphis juglandicola, Chrysomphalus ficus, Cicadulina mbila, Coccomytilus halli, Coccus spp., Cryptomyzus ribis, Dalbulus spp., Dialeurodes spp., Diaphorina spp., Diaspis spp., Doralis spp., Drosicha spp., Dysaphis spp., Dysmicoccus spp. Empoasca spp., Eriosoma spp., Erythroneura spp., Euscelis bilobatus, Geococcus coffeae, Homalodisca coagulata, Hyalopterus arundinis, Icerya spp., Idiocerus spp., Idioscopus spp., Laodelphax striatellus, Lecanium spp., Lepidosaph it spp., Lipaphis erysimi, Macrosiphum spp., Mahanarva fimbriolata, Melanaphis sacchari, Metcalfiella spp., Metopolophium dirhodum, Monellia costalis, Monelliopsis pecanis, Myzus spp., Nasonovia ribisnigri, Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata lu gens, Oncometopia spp., Orthezia praelonga, Parabemisia myricae, Paratrioza spp., Parlatoria spp., Pemphigus spp., Peregrinus maidis, Phenacoccus spp., Phloeomyzus passerinii, Phorodon humuli, Phylloxera spp., Pinnaspis aspidistrae, Planococcus spp., Protopulvinaria pyriformis, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, Pseudococcus spp. , Psylla spp., Pteromalus spp., Pyrilla spp., Quadraspidiotus spp., Quesada gigas, Rastrococcus spp., Rhopalosiphum spp., Saissetia spp., Scaphoides titanus, Schizaphis graminum, Selenaspidus articulatus, Sogata spp., Sogatella furcifera, Sogatodes spp , Stictocephala festina, Tenalaphara malayensis, Tinocallis caryaefoliae, Tomaspis spp., Toxoptera spp., Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Trioza spp., Typhlocyba spp., Unaspis spp., Viteus v. Chr itifolii.
    From the order of Hymenoptera, z. B. Diprion spp., Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Monomorium pharaonis, Vespa spp.
    From the order of Isopoda, z. Armadillidium vulgare, Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber.
    From the order of Isoptera, z. Reticulitermes spp., Odontotermes spp.
    From the order of Lepidoptera, z. B. Acronicta major, Aedia leucomelas, Agrotis spp., Alabama argillacea, Anticarsia spp., Barathra brassicae, Bucculatrix thurberiella, Bupalus piniarius, Cacoecia podana, Capua reticulana, Carpocapsa pomonella, Cheimatobia brumata, Chilo spp., Choristoneura fumiferana, Clysia ambiguella, Cnaphalocerus spp., Earias insulana, Ephestia kuehniella, Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Euxoa spp., Feltia spp., Galleria mellonella, Helicoverpa spp., Heliothis spp., Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Homona magnanima, Hyponomeuta padella, Laphygma spp., Lithocolletis blancardella, Lithophane antennata , Loxagrotis albicosta, Lymantria spp., Malacosoma neustria, Mamestra brassicae, Mocis repanda, Mythimna separata, Oria spp., Oulema oryzae, Panolis flammea, Pectinophora gossypiella, Phyllocnistis citrella, Pieris spp., Plutella xylostella, Prodenia spp., Pseudaletia spp. , Pseudoplusia includens, Pyrausta nubilalis, Spodoptera spp., Ther Mesia gemmatalis, Tinea pellionella, Tineola bisselliella, Tortrix viridana, Trichoplusia spp.
    From the order of Orthoptera, z. Acheta domesticus, Blatta orientalis, Blattella germanica, Gryllotalpa spp., Leucophaea maderae, Locusta spp., Melanoplus spp., Periplaneta americana, Schistocerca gregaria.
    From the order of Siphonaptera, z. Ceratophyllus spp., Xenopsylla cheopis.
    From the order of Symphyla, z. B. Scutigerella immaculata.
    From the order of Thysanoptera, z. B. Biodiotis spips, Heliothrips spp., Hercinothrips femoralis, Kakothrips spp., Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus, Scirtothrips spp., Taeniothrips cardamoni, Thrips spp.
    From the order of Thysanura, z. B. Lepisma saccharina.
    The plant parasitic nematodes include, for. Anguina spp., Aphelenchoides spp., Belonoaimus spp., Bursaphelenchus spp., Ditylenchus dipsaci, Globodera spp., Heliocotylenchus spp., Heterodera spp., Longidorus spp., Meloidogyne spp., Pratylenchus spp., Radopholus similis, Rotylenchus spp , Trichodorus spp., Tylenchorhynchus spp., Tylenchulus spp., Tylenchulus semipenetrans, Xiphinema spp.
  • The Compounds according to the invention can optionally in certain concentrations or application rates also as herbicides, safeners, growth regulators or agents for Improvement of plant properties, or as microbicides, for example as fungicides, antimycotics, bactericides, virucides (including Anti-viral agents) or as anti-MLO agents (Mycoplasma-like-organism) and RLO (Rickettsia-like-organism). Possibly They can also be used as intermediates or precursors for the synthesis of other drugs can be used.
  • The Active ingredients can be converted into the customary formulations such as solutions, emulsions, wettable powders, water and oil-based suspensions, powders, dusts, Pastes, soluble powders, soluble granules, spreading granules, Suspension emulsion concentrates, drug-impregnated Natural products, drug-impregnated synthetic substances, Fertilizers and ultra-fine encapsulations in polymeric substances.
  • These Formulations are prepared in a known manner, for. B. by Mixing the active ingredients with extenders, ie liquid Solvents and / or solid carriers, optionally using surface-active Agents, ie emulsifiers and / or dispersants and / or Foaming agents. The formulations are either prepared in suitable equipment or before or during use.
  • When Excipients may find use in such substances are suitable, the agent itself or and / or derived therefrom Preparations (eg spray mixtures, seed dressing) special To give properties, such as certain technical properties and / or special biological properties. As typical Auxiliary agents are: extenders, solvents and carriers.
  • When Extenders are suitable for. As water, polar and nonpolar organic chemical liquids z. B. from the classes of aromatic and non-aromatic hydrocarbons (such as paraffins, alkylbenzenes, Alkylnaphthalenes, chlorobenzenes), alcohols and polyols (which may be also substituted, etherified and / or esterified), ketones (such as acetone, cyclohexanone), esters (including fats and oils) and (poly) ethers, the simple and substituted amines, amides, Lactams (such as N-alkylpyrrolidones) and lactones, the sulfones and sulfoxides (such as dimethyl sulfoxide).
  • in the Case of using water as an extender can z. As well as organic solvents as auxiliary solvent be used. Come as a liquid solvent essentially in question: aromatics, such as xylene, toluene, or alkylnaphthalenes, chlorinated aromatics and chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as chlorobenzenes, chloroethylene or methylene chloride, aliphatic Hydrocarbons, such as cyclohexane or paraffins, for. B. petroleum fractions, mineral and vegetable oils, alcohols, such as butanol or glycol and their ethers and esters, ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, Methyl isobutyl ketone or cyclohexanone, strongly polar solvents, such as dimethylsulfoxide, as well as water.
  • Suitable solid or liquid carriers are: z. As ammonium salts and ground natural minerals, such as kaolins, clays, talc, chalk, quartz, attapulgite, montmorillonite or diatomaceous earth and synthetic minerals, such as finely divided silica, alumina and silicates, as solid carriers for granules are: z. Crushed and fractionated natural rocks such as calcite, marble, pumice, sepiolite, dolomite and synthetic granules of inorganic and organic flours and granules of organic material such as paper, sawdust, coconut shells, corn cobs and tobacco stems; as emulsifiers and / or foaming agents in question: z. Nonionic and anionic emulsifiers, such as polyoxyethylene fatty acid esters, polyoxyethylene fatty alcohol ethers, e.g. B. alkylaryl polyglycol ether, alkylsul fonates, alkyl sulfates, arylsulfonates and protein hydrolysates; suitable dispersants are nonionic and / or ionic substances, eg. From the classes of alcohol POE and / or POP ethers, acid and / or POP-POE esters, alkylaryl and / or POP-POE ethers, fatty and / or POP-POE adducts , POE and / or POP polyol derivatives, POE and / or POP sorbitol or sugar adducts, alkyl or aryl sulfates, alkyl or aryl sulfonates and alkyl or aryl phosphates or the corresponding PO ether adducts. Further suitable oligo- or polymers, for. B. starting from vinylic monomers, from acrylic acid, from EO and / or PO alone or in combination with z. As (poly) alcohols or (poly) amines. It is also possible to use lignin and its sulfonic acid derivatives, simple and modified celluloses, aromatic and / or aliphatic sulfonic acids and also adducts thereof with formaldehyde.
  • It In the formulations, adhesives such as carboxymethylcellulose, natural and synthetic powdery, grainy or latex-shaped polymers, such as gum arabic, Polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, as well as natural phospholipids, such as cephalins and lecithins and synthetic phospholipids.
  • It For example, dyes such as inorganic pigments, e.g. Iron oxide, Titanium oxide, ferrocyan blue and organic dyes such as alizarin, Azo and metal phthalocyanine dyes and trace nutrients such as salts of iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc are used.
  • Further Additives can be fragrances, mineral or vegetable optionally modified oils, waxes and nutrients (also trace nutrients), such as salts of iron, manganese, boron, Copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc.
  • Farther may contain stabilizers such as cold stabilizers, Preservatives, antioxidants, light stabilizers or others the chemical and / or physical stability improving agents.
  • The Formulations generally comprise between 0.01 and 98 weight percent Active ingredient, preferably between 0.5 and 90 percent by weight.
  • the Specialist will of course be clear that the wording and mode of application of an active substance the effectiveness of the material at a certain output. For the use against agricultural pests and general household pests can present the insecticidal compounds therefore as granules with a relatively large Particle size (eg 8/16 or 4/8 US mesh), as water-soluble or water-dispersible granules, as powdered Dusts, as wettable powders, as emulsifiable concentrates, as aqueous emulsions, as solutions or as one of the other known useful formulation types be formulated, depending on which type of application desired becomes. It is clear that the quantities given here just as approximate, as if the word "about" before the specified quantities.
  • These insecticidal compositions may be either water-dilutable Sprays or as dusts or as granules on the Plots are spread on which insects are contained should be. These formulations can only be 0.1 Wt .-%, 0.2 wt .-% or 0.5 wt .-% to 95 wt .-% or more active ingredient contain.
  • dusts are free-flowing mixtures of the active ingredient with finely divided Solids such as talc, natural clays, kieselguhr, flours such as walnut peel and cottonseed flour as well as other organic and inorganic solids used as dispersants and carriers serve for the active ingredient; these finely divided solids have an average particle size of less than about 50 microns. A typical duster formulation, which is suitable in the present context contains 0.1 Part or less of insecticidal compound and 99.0 parts of talc.
  • Spray powders (WP), which are also useful formulations for insecticides, are in the form of finely divided particles which rapidly disperse in water or other dispersant. The spray is finally applied to the place where insects are to be fought, either as a dry dust or as an emulsion in water or other liquid. Typical carriers for wettable powders include fuller earth, kaolin clays, silicas and other highly absorbent, easily wettable inorganic extenders. Injection powders are normally prepared to contain about 5-80% active ingredient, depending on the absorbency of the carrier, and usually also contain a small amount of wetting agent, dispersant or emulsifier to facilitate dispersion. So z. B. a useful spray powder formulation 80.0 parts insecticidal compound, 17.9 parts palmetto clay and 1.0 Part sodium lignosulfonate and 0.3 parts of sulfonated aliphatic polyester as wetting agent. Additional wetting agents and / or oils are often added to a tank mix to facilitate dispersion on the foliage of the plant.
  • Further useful formulations for insecticidal purposes are emulsifiable concentrates (ECs) which are homogeneous liquid compositions in water or another Dispersants are dispersible, and exclusively from the insecticidal compound and a liquid or may consist of solid emulsifier, or which is also a liquid Carriers such as xylene, aromatic heavy gases, isophorone or other non-volatile organic solvents can contain. For insecticidal purposes These concentrates are in water or another liquid Carrier dispersed and normal as a spray on the treated Surface applied. The weight percentage of essential Active substance may vary depending on the mode of application of the composition, however, generally comprises from 0.5 to 95% by weight of the insecticidal active ingredient Composition.
  • flowable Formulations ("flowables") are similar to ECs, except that the active ingredient in a liquid carrier, generally water, is suspended. flowable Formulations, such as ECs, may contain a small amount of surfactant contain and typically contain active ingredients in the range of From 0.5 to 95% by weight, often from 10 to 50% by weight, of the composition. For the application can be flowable Formulations with water or another liquid Vehicles are diluted and usually sprayed on the surface to be treated.
  • To typical wetting agents, dispersants or emulsifiers, which in agricultural formulations are used the following, but are not limited to: Alkyl and alkylaryl sulfonates and sulfates and their sodium salts; alkylaryl; sulfated higher alcohols; Polyethylene oxides; sulfonated animal and vegetable oils; sulfonated mineral oils; Fatty acid esters of polyvalent ones Alcohols and the ethylene oxide adducts of such esters; as well as the adduct long chain mercaptans and ethylene oxide. Many other types Useful surfactants are commercially available. When surfactants are used, they usually include 1 to 15 percent by weight of the composition.
  • To other useful formulations include suspensions of the drug in a relatively low volatility solvent such as water, wheat germ oil, kerosene, propylene glycol or others suitable solvents.
  • To other useful formulations for insecticides Purposes also include simple solutions of the active ingredient in a solvent in which this is desired Concentration is completely soluble, such as acetone, alkylated naphthalenes, xylene or other organic solvents. Granular formulations in which the active ingredient Applied to relatively coarse particles are particularly suitable for distribution by air or for the Penetration into the cover of cover crops. sprays under pressure, typically aerosols, in which the active ingredient passes through Vaporizing a low boiling dispersant solvent carrier is dispersed in finely divided form, can also be used. Water-soluble or water-dispersible Granules are free-flowing, non-dusting and light soluble or miscible in water. When using on The field by the farmer can be granular Formulations, emulsifiable concentrates, "flowables", aqueous emulsions, solutions, etc. with water to an active substance concentration in the range of approximately 0.1% or 0.2% diluted to 1.5% or 2%.
  • The Drug combinations can be used in their commercial Formulations and in those prepared from these formulations Forms of use mixed with other active substances such as insecticides, Attractants, sterilants, bactericides, acaricides, nematicides, Fungicides, growth regulators, herbicides, safeners, Fertilizers or semiochemicals are used.
  • The Active ingredient combinations can be used in the inventive Use as insecticides in their commercial formulations and in the forms of use prepared from these formulations further in mixture with synergists. Synergists are compounds, through which the effect of the active ingredients is increased, without the added synergist itself must be actively active.
  • The use of the active compound combinations according to the invention can be used as insecticides in their commercial Formulations and in those prepared from these formulations Furthermore, use forms in mixtures with inhibitors, the degradation of the active substance after application in the environment of Plant, on the surface of plant parts or in reduce plant tissues.
  • Of the Active substance content of the commercial formulations prepared application forms can vary widely. The active ingredient concentration of the use forms is in the range from 0.00000001 to 95% by weight of active ingredient, preferably in the range from 0.00001 to 1% by weight.
  • The Application is done in a custom forms adapted to the applications Wise.
  • According to the invention all plants and parts of plants are treated. Under plants all plants and plant populations are understood here, as desired and undesirable wild plants or Crops (including naturally occurring Crop plants). Crop plants can be plants that through conventional breeding and optimization methods or by biotechnological and genetic engineering methods or Combinations of these methods can be obtained, including of the transgenic plants and including by plant variety rights estimable or unappreciable plant varieties. Under plant parts are all above ground and underground Parts and organs of plants, such as shoot, leaf, flower and roots are understood, with examples of leaves, Needles, stems, stems, flowers, fruiting bodies, Fruits and seeds as well as roots, tubers and rhizomes be listed. Part of the plant parts also harvested material as well as vegetative and generative propagation material, For example, cuttings, tubers, rhizomes, offshoots and seeds.
  • The Treatment according to the invention of the plants and plant parts with the active ingredients takes place directly or by acting on their Environment, habitat or storage space according to the usual treatment methods, z. B. by dipping, spraying, vaporizing, atomizing, spreading, Spreading, injecting and propagating material, in particular in seed, still by single or multi-layer wrapping.
  • The Treatment according to the invention of the plants and plant parts with the drug combinations takes place directly or by action on their environment, habitat or storage space according to the usual Treatment methods, eg. B. by dipping, spraying, evaporation, Nebulizing, spreading, spreading and propagating material, in particular in seed, still by single or multi-layer wrapping.
  • seed treatment
  • The inventive methods and compositions Not only not suitable for the treatment of plants or plant parts which are not seeds, but also especially for the treatment of seeds. A large part of animal pests and pathogens on cultivars damage caused by the infestation of the seed during storage and after sowing the seed into the soil as well as during and immediately after germination the plants. This phase is especially critical as the roots and shoots of the growing plant are particularly sensitive and already cause a small damage to the death of the whole plant can. There is therefore a particularly great interest To do this, the seed and the germinating plant by using appropriate Means to protect.
  • The Combating animal pests and / or of phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms by treatment The seed of plants has long been known and is the subject constant improvements. Nevertheless arise in the Treating seed a number of problems that are not always can be satisfactorily resolved. So is it desirable, methods of protection of seed and germinating To develop a plant, which is the additional spreading of Plant protection after sowing or after germination of the plants superfluous do. It is still desirable, the amount of used To optimize the active ingredient so that the seed and the germinating Plant best possible against infestation by animal pests be protected, but without the plant itself by the damage the active ingredient used. In particular, should Method of treatment of seed also the intrinsic insecticides and fungicidal properties of transgenic plants optimum protection of the seed and also of the germinating plant to achieve a minimum of pesticides.
  • The The present invention therefore more particularly relates to Method for protecting seed and germinating plants from the Infestation by animal pests and / or phytopathogenic Fungi and / or microorganisms by the seed with a Combination is treated.
  • The The invention comprises a method in which the seed is simultaneously with the components prothioconazole and optionally further Active ingredients is treated. It also relates to a method in which the seed with prothioconazole and optionally further Active ingredients is treated separately.
  • The The invention also includes a seed containing prothioconazole and optionally further active ingredients treated simultaneously or separately has been and still an effective amount of these drugs contains. For this latter seed can the active ingredients are applied in separate layers. These Layers can optionally be replaced by an additional Layer which optionally contains an active ingredient, separated be.
  • The Time interval between the application of the different layers Of the different compounds is generally not critical.
  • additionally The invention also relates to the use of the invention Combination for the treatment of seeds for the protection of seeds and germinating plants against animal Pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms. Furthermore, the invention relates to seed with a novel Means for protection against animal pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms has been treated.
  • one The advantages of the invention is that due to the particular systemic Properties of the agents according to the invention Treatment with these funds not only the seed itself, but also the plants which emerge from it after rising animal pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or Protects microorganisms. In this way, the immediate Treatment of the culture at the time of sowing or shortly thereafter omitted.
  • The agents according to the invention are suitable for protection seed of any plant variety as mentioned above, those in agriculture, in the greenhouse, in forests, used in horticulture or viticulture. In particular, acts seeds of maize, peanut, canola, rape, poppy, Olives, coconuts, cocoa, soya, cotton, turnip (eg sugar beet and fodder turnip), rice, millet, Wheat, barley, oats, rye, sunflower, sugar cane, vegetables or tobacco. The agents according to the invention are suitable also for the treatment of seed of fruit plants and vegetables as already described above. Special importance comes from the Treatment of the seeds of corn, soybeans, cotton, wheat and canola or rapeseed too. For example, the combination below is suitable the number (1) especially for the treatment of maize seed.
  • As already described is the treatment of transgenic seed with an agent of the invention of particular Importance. This concerns the seeds of plants, in general at least one heterologous gene encoding the expression of a polypeptide controlled with special insecticidal properties. The heterologous gene in transgenic seed may be from microorganisms such as Bacillus, Rhizobium, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Trichoderma, Clavibacter, Glomus or Gliocladium originate. The present invention is suitable especially for the treatment of transgenic seeds, containing at least one heterologous gene which comprises Bacillus sp. and its gene product is effective against the corn borer and / or western corn rootworm having. Particularly preferred is a heterologous gene derived from Bacillus thuringiensis is from.
  • in the Within the scope of the present invention, the inventive Means alone or in a suitable formulation on the seed applied. Preferably, the seed is handled in a state in which it is so stable that no damage in the treatment occur. In general, the treatment of the seed to everyone Time between harvest and sowing done. Usually seed separated from the plant and used by flasks, Shells, stalks, pods, wool or pulp freed has been. So z. B. Seeds are used, which are harvested, cleaned and dried to a moisture content of less than 15% by weight has been. Alternatively, seed can be used after the Drying z. B. treated with water and then dried again.
  • in the In general, care must be taken when treating the seed be that the amount of applied to the seed according to the invention By means and / or other additives is chosen so that does not affect the germination of the seed or the resulting plant is not damaged. This is especially important for active ingredients, which in certain application rates can show phytotoxic effects.
  • The agents according to the invention can be applied directly, ie without containing further components and without being diluted. As a rule, it is preferred to apply the agents to the seed in the form of a suitable formulation. Suitable formulations and methods for seed treatment are known in the art and z. As described in the following documents: US 4,272,417 A . US 4,245,432 A . US 4,808,430 A . US 5,876,739 A . US 2003/0176428 A1 . WO 2002/080675 A1 . WO 2002/028186 A2 ,
  • Compositions that are particularly suitable for seed treatment are, for. B .:
  • A
    Soluble concentrates (SL, LS)
    D
    Emulsions (EW, EO, ES)
    e
    Suspensions (SC, OD, FS)
    F
    Water-dispersible granules and water-soluble granules (WG, SG)
    G
    Water-dispersible powders and water-soluble powders (WP, SP, WS)
    H
    Gel formulations (GF)
    I
    Dusts (DP, DS)
  • To traditional formulations for seed treatment count z. B. "Flowables" FS, Solutions LS, Dry pickling DS, sludge pickling WS, wet pickling SS and emulsions ES and EC and gel formulations GF. These formulations can diluted on the seed or applied undiluted. Seeding on seeds is done before sowing, and either directly on the seed or after pre-germination the latter. FS formulations are preferred.
  • at the treatment of seed amounts to the application rates of the invention Combination generally 0.1 to 10 kg per 100 kg of seed. The separate or joint application of compound I and II or the combinations of compounds I and II are carried out by injection molding or dust treatment of seeds, seedlings, Plants or soils before or after sowing Plants or before or after emergence of the plants.
  • The The invention also relates to the propagation products of plants, in particular the seed having a combination as defined above or a Combination containing the combination of two or more active ingredients or a combination of two or more compositions, the each contains one of the active ingredients, includes, so that is coated and / or contains. The seed includes the combinations according to the invention in an amount from 0.1 to 10 kg per 100 kg of seed.
  • The composition comprising a combination of pesticides may be applied "as such", ie without the presence of diluents or other components. Typically, however, this composition is applied to the seeds in the form of a pesticide formulation. This formulation may contain one or more other desirable components, including, but not limited to, 50 liquid diluents / extenders, binders that serve as a matrix for the pesticide, fillers to protect the seeds during stress conditions and plasticizers to improve flexibility, adhesion and / or spreading the coating. Further, for oily pesticide formulations containing little or no filler, it may be desirable to add 55 to the formulation dryers, such as calcium carbonate, kaolin or bentonite clay, perlite, diatomaceous earth, or any other adsorbent. The use of such components in seed treatments is well known in the art; see, for. B. US 5,876,739 , The skilled artisan can select easily desirable components for use in the pesticide formulation, depending on the type of seed to be treated and the particular pesticide selected. Further, ready-made commercially available formulations of known pesticides can be used, as shown in the examples below.
  • The Seeds can also come with one or more treated with the following ingredients: other pesticides, including compounds that only work underground; fungicides such as captan, thiram, metalxyl, fludioxonil, oxadixyl and isomers of each of these substances and the like; Herbicides, including Compounds selected from the series of acetamides, triazines, Dinitroanilines, glycerol ethers, pyridazinones, uracils, phenoxy compounds, Ureas and benzoic acid; Herbicide safeners such as benzoxazine, Benzhydrylderivative, N, N-diallyl dichloroacetamide, various Dihaloacyls, oxazolidinyl and thiazolidinyl compounds, ethanone, Naphthalenic anhydride compounds and oxime derivatives; Fertilizer; and biological pesticides like naturally occurring or recombinant bacteria or Mushrooms of the genera Rhizobium, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Trichoderma, Glomus, Gliocladium and mycorrhizal fungi. These ingredients can be added as a separate layer on the seed or added as part of the pesticidal composition.
  • Preferably, the amount of the new composition or other ingredients used in the seed treatment should not inhibit germination of the seed or cause phytotoxic damage cause the seed.
  • The Composition according to the invention may be in the form a suspension, an emulsion, a slurry of Particles in an aqueous medium (eg water), a Spray powder, an injection granulate ("dry flowable") and a dry granulate. When formulated as a suspension or slurry is the concentration of Active ingredient in the formulation preferably about 0.5 % By weight to 99% by weight (w / w), preferably 5-40%.
  • As mentioned above, other traditional inactive or inert ingredients may be incorporated into the formulation. Such inert ingredients include, but are not limited to, traditional adhesives, dispersants such as methylcellulose (Methocel A15LV or Methocel A15C, for example, serve as a combined dispersant / adhesive for seed treatments), polyvinyl alcohol (e.g., Elvanol 51-05), lecithin (U.S. eg yelkinol P), polymeric dispersants (eg, polyvinylpyrrolidone / vinyl acetate PVP / VA S-630), thickeners (e.g., clay thickeners such as Van Gel B to improve viscosity and reduce settling of particulate suspensions), emulsion stabilizers , Surfactants, antifreeze (eg urea), dyes, colorants and the like. Other inert ingredients which are suitable for the present invention can be found in McCutcheon's Volume 1, "Emulsifiers and Detergents" MC Publishing Company, Glen Rock, NJ, USA, 1996 , Additional inert ingredients that are useful in the present invention can be found in McCutcheon's, Vol. 2, "Functional Materials," MC Publishing Company, Glen Rock, NJ, USA, 1996 ,
  • The Pesticides of the invention, compositions of pesticide combinations and formulations can Seeds according to any conventional seed treatment method including, but not limited to, Mixtures in a container (eg a bottle or a bag), mechanical application, tumbling, spraying and diving. For bringing in seed with Pesticides according to the invention can be traditional Active or inert materials are used, as traditional ones Film makers, including, but not limited to, Water-based film-forming agents such as Sepiret (Seppic, Inc., Fairfield, N.J.) and Opacoat (Berwind Pharm. Services, Westpoint, Pa.).
  • Seed coating:
  • The present combination of pesticides can be applied to seed as a component of a seed coating. Seed coating methods and compositions well known in the art are useful when modified by the addition of one of the embodiments of the combination of pesticides of the present invention. Such coating methods and devices for their application are z. Tie U.S. Patent Nos. 5,918,413 . 5,891,246 . 5,554,445 . 5,389,399 . 5,107,787 . 5,080,925 . 4,759,945 and 4,465,017 described. Seed coating compositions are e.g. B. inter alia in the U.S. Patent Nos. 5,939,356 . 5,882,713 . 5,876,739 . 5,849,320 . 5,834,447 . 5,791,084 . 5,661,103 . 5,622,003 . 5,580,544 . 5,328,942 . 5,300,127 . 4,735,015 . 4,634,587 . 4,383,391 . 4,372,080 . 4,339,456 . 4,272,417 and 4,245,432 described. Suitable seed coatings contain one or more binders and at least one of the present combinations of pesticides.
  • Binder, which are suitable for the present invention include preferably an adhesive polymer that is natural or synthetic can be and that on the seed to be coated no phytotoxic effect exercises. The binder can be selected from the following series polyvinyl acetates, polyvinyl acetate copolymers, polyvinyl alcohols, Polyvinyl alcohol copolymers, celluloses, including ethylcelluloses, Methylcelluloses, hydroxymethylcelluloses, hydroxypropylcelluloses and carboxymethylcellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidones, polysaccharides, including starch, modified starch, dextrins, Maltodextrins, alginate and chitosans, fats, oils, proteins, including gelatin and zein, gum arabic species, shellac species Vinylidene chloride and vinylidene chloride copolymers, calcium lignosulfonates, Acrylic acid copolymers, polyvinyl acrylates, polyethylene oxide, Acrylamide polymers and copolymers, polyhydroxyethyl acrylate, methylacrylamide monomers and polychloroprene.
  • The binder is preferably selected so that it can serve as a matrix for the present combination of pesticides. Although all of the above-mentioned binders may be suitable as a matrix, the specific binder will depend on the properties of the combination of the pesticides. The term "matrix" in the present context means a continuous solid phase of one or more binder compounds in which one or more of the present combinations of pesticides is distributed as a discontinuous phase. Optionally, a filler and / or other components may also be present in the matrix. The term matrix is also intended to include what may be considered a matrix system, a reservoir system or a microencapsulated system. In general, there is a matrix system from a combination of pesticides and filler of the invention uniformly dispersed within a polymer, while a reservoir phase system consists of a separate phase comprising the present combination of pesticides physically dispersed within a surrounding rate-limiting polymeric phase. Microencapsulation involves the coating of small particles or droplets of a liquid, but also dispersions, in a solid matrix.
  • The Amount of binder in the coating may vary, but will in the range of about 0.01 to about 25 weight percent of the seed, more preferably about 0.05 to about 15%, more preferably about 0.1 to about 10%.
  • As As mentioned above, the matrix may optionally contain a filler include. The filler may be a well known one including absorbing or inert filler Wood flour, clays, activated charcoal, sugar, diatomaceous earth, cereal flours, finely divided inorganic solids, calcium carbonate and the like. To clays and inorganic solids that can be used include calcium bentonite, kaolin, china clay, talc, perlite, Mica, vermiculite, silicas, quartz powder, montmorillonite and their mixtures. To sugars that may be suitable include dextrin and maltodextrin. Count on cereal flours Wheat flour, oatmeal and barley flour.
  • The Selection of the filler is such that this is a suitable Provides microclimate for the seed, so z. B. The filler used to increase the amount of loading with the active ingredients increase and the controlled release to adjust the active ingredients. The filler can be as an aid serve in the production or the process of seed coating. The amount of filler can vary, the weight of the filler components however, generally will be in the range of about 0.05 up to about 75% by weight of the seed, stronger preferably from about 0.1 to about 50%, still more preferably from about 0.5 to 15%.
  • The Pesticides that are suitable for coating are the combinations of pesticides described herein. The amount of pesticide incorporated in the coating becomes depending on the type of seed and the type of seed Active ingredients vary, but the coating becomes pesticidal Amount of the combination of pesticides included. Is it? at the point of attack representing animal pests insects, the amount will be insecticidal Amount of combination of insecticides act. In the present In connection, an insecticidally effective amount means that amount insecticide, insect pests in the larval or pupal stage of their Kills growth or that caused by insect pests Extent of damage significantly reduced or delayed. in the Generally, the amount of pesticide in the coating is in the range from about 0.005 to 50% by weight of the seed lie. A more preferred range of the pesticide is about 0.01 to about 40%, stronger preferred is about 0.05 to about 20%.
  • The exact amount of the combination of pesticides used in the coating is easily determined by the expert and is of depend on the size of the seed to be coated. The pesticides of the coating allow germination of the seed do not inhibit and should provide a protective effect for the seed and / or the plant during that time in the life cycle of the attacking insect while which causes damage to the seed or the plant. In general, will the coating about 0 to 120 days after sowing be effective.
  • The Coating is particularly effective for picking up high levels of pesticide contamination, as is the case for control of typically difficult to control pests as the corn rootworm may be required while being at the same time unacceptable phytotoxicity due to the increased Loading with the pesticide is avoided.
  • Possibly For example, a plasticizer may be used in the coating formulation become. Plasticizers are typically used to to make the film formed by the coating layer more flexible to improve the adhesion and spreading and to increase the processing speed. A improved film flexibility is for minimization spalling, breaking or flaking during storage, Handling or sowing operations important. It can many plasticizers are used. To useful plasticizers but include polyethylene glycol, glycerol, butyl benzyl phthalate, Glycolzoate and related compounds. The amount of plasticizer in the coating layer is in the range of about 0.1 to about 20 wt .-% are.
  • If the pesticide combination used in the coating is an oil-like form mulation and little or no filler is present, it may be useful to accelerate the drying process by drying the formulation. This optional step may be carried out by means well known in the art and may involve the addition of calcium carbonate, kaolin or bentonite clay, perlite, diatomaceous earth or any absorbent material, preferably added simultaneously with the pesticide coating layer to absorb the oil or excess moisture. The amount of calcium carbonate or related compounds necessary to effectively provide a dry coating ranges from about 0.5 to about 10 percent by weight of the seed.
  • The suitable for use with the combination of pesticides for a slow release rate of the Pesticides by diffusion or movement through the matrix to the cause surrounding medium.
  • The Coating can be applied to almost all of the text here Cultivated seed, including cereals, Vegetables, ornamental plants and fruits.
  • additionally to the coating layer, the seed may be one or more treated with the following ingredients: other pesticides, including fungicides and herbicides, herbicide safener, fertilizers and / or biological pesticides. These ingredients can be added as a separate layer or in the pesticidal coating layer become.
  • The Pesticide formulation can be applied to the seeds of traditional coating techniques and equipment be applied, such as fluidized bed techniques, the wheat mill method, Rotor / stator pickling machines and drum coating machines. Other Methods such as bubble beds can also be suitable. The seeds can be classified before coating be (size 5). After the coating will be The seeds are typically dried and then graded placed in a classification machine. Such approaches are known in the art.
  • The pesticide-treated seeds can also be used with a film finish layer to the pesticide coating to protect. Such finishing layers are known in the art and can be done using traditional fluidized bed and drum film coating techniques.
  • In another embodiment of the present invention It can introduce a pesticide on or into a seed be that one uses a pretreatment with a solid matrix. So z. B. a certain amount of the pesticide with a solid Matrix material can be mixed and then the seed can be mixed with the solid matrix material so long in contact the pesticide is entered in the seed. The seed can then optionally separated from the solid matrix material and stored or used, or the mixture of solid matrix material and seed can be stored directly or planted out. To firm Matrix materials that are suitable for the present invention include polyacrylamide, starch, clay, silica, Alumina, earth, sand, polyurea, polyacrylate and any other material that is capable of pesticide for to absorb or adsorb some time and this pesticide in or on the seed. It is useful to make sure that the pesticide and the solid matrix material compatible with each other are. So should the solid matrix material z. B. chosen be that it releases the pesticide at an adequate rate, z. B. in the course of minutes, hours or days, can release.
  • A Another embodiment of the present invention soaking as another method of treating seed with the pesticide. For example, can plant seeds for a certain period of time with a solution that is about From 1% to about 75% by weight of the pesticide in one Solvents such as water, can be combined. Preferably, the concentration of the solution about 5 wt% to about 50 wt%, stronger preferably about 10% to about 25% by weight. During the period over which the seed with combined with the solution, the seeds take a part of the pesticide (or soaked with it). Possibly can move the mixture of vegetable seeds and solution be, for. B. by shaking, rolling, dew or on other way. After soaking, the seed can separated from the solution and optionally dried be, for. B. by dry blotting or drying in air.
  • In another embodiment, a powdered pesticide may be mixed directly with seed. Optionally, an adhesive may be employed to adhere the powder to the surface of the seed. So z. B. a certain amount of seed mixed with an adhesive and ge be moved if necessary, to promote a uniform coating of the seed with the adhesive. The coated with the adhesive seed can then be mixed with the powdered pesticide. The mixture can z. By tumbling to promote contact between the adhesive and the powdered pesticide, causing the powdered pesticide to stick to the seed.
  • The The present invention also provides a seed which has been described above Procedure has been treated. The invention treated seeds can be used for the Propagation of plants such as traditional treated seeds be used. The treated seeds can in the same way as any other with pesticide treated seeds stored, handled, sown and grown. There should be appropriate security measures be taken to the contact of the treated seed with the People, with food or feed, with the water and with Restricting birds and wildlife or pets.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list The documents listed by the applicant have been automated generated and is solely for better information recorded by the reader. The list is not part of the German Patent or utility model application. The DPMA takes over no liability for any errors or omissions.
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Claims (8)

  1. Method for improving the utilization of the Production potential of a transgenic plant by control of animal pests and / or phytopathogenic fungi and / or microorganisms and / or by improving plant health, wherein the transgenic plant comprises an effective amount of an active compound composition comprising prothioconazole.
  2. The method of claim 1, wherein the transgenic plant a) from the series of plants listed in Table A: A-1 to A-133 comes from or b) from the series in Table B: B-1 to B-85 listed plants originates or c) one or more transgenic Event (s) from the series of Tables A from A-1 to A-133 or Table B includes transgenic events listed from B-1 to B-85 or d) a trait that occurs on one or more transgenic event (s) in Table C listed from C-1 to C-12.
  3. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the phytopathogenic Fungi and / or microorganisms from the group Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Chytridiomycota, Deuteromycota, Glomeromycota, Microsporidia, Zygomycota, anamorphic fungi and Oomycota are selected.
  4. Method according to one of claims 1 to 3, using strains of the animal pests as a point of attack, the opposite to the transgenic events, the one of the plant Resistance to wild-type strains or sensitive strains of the said animal pest, at least are partially resistant or tolerant.
  5. Method according to one of claims 1 to 4, the plants being maize, soybean, cotton, Canola, mustard, rice, wheat, sugar beet, cane, oats, Rye, Barley, Millet, Triticale, Flax, Wine, Apples, Pears, Apricots, cherries, almonds, peaches, strawberries, bananas, coffee, Lemons, oranges, grapefruit, tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplant, Salad, artichoke, cichorum, carrot, parsley, perennials and Root celery, cucumber, summer squash, watermelon, pumpkins, Melons, onion, leek, cabbage, red cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, pakchoi, kohlrabi, radish / radish, horseradish, cress, Chinese cabbage, peanuts, peas, beans, turnip, Chard, spinach, beet, okra, asparagus selected are.
  6. Method according to one of claims 1 to 5, where together with prothioconazole an additional active ingredient is used, this active ingredient being selected from the group of fungicides, Insecticides, acaricides and nematicides is selected.
  7. Method according to one of claims 1 to 6, where a seed is treated.
  8. Method according to one of claims 1 to 7 to improve plant health.
DE102009001469A 2009-03-11 2009-03-11 Improving utilization of productive potential of transgenic plant by controlling e.g. animal pest, and/or by improving plant health, comprises treating the transgenic plant with active agent composition comprising prothioconazole Withdrawn DE102009001469A1 (en)

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