DE102007059575A1 - Damping and moving device for sliding element i.e. sliding door, has damping cylinders arranged one above other, where tension springs and damping cylinders are arranged in series connection with one behind other - Google Patents

Damping and moving device for sliding element i.e. sliding door, has damping cylinders arranged one above other, where tension springs and damping cylinders are arranged in series connection with one behind other Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102007059575A1
DE102007059575A1 DE102007059575A DE102007059575A DE102007059575A1 DE 102007059575 A1 DE102007059575 A1 DE 102007059575A1 DE 102007059575 A DE102007059575 A DE 102007059575A DE 102007059575 A DE102007059575 A DE 102007059575A DE 102007059575 A1 DE102007059575 A1 DE 102007059575A1
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
damping
retracting
housing
damper
sliding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE102007059575A
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German (de)
Inventor
Franz Vullhorst
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RENNERICH GmbH
Original Assignee
RENNERICH GmbH
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RENNERICH GmbH filed Critical RENNERICH GmbH
Priority to DE102007059575A priority Critical patent/DE102007059575A1/en
Publication of DE102007059575A1 publication Critical patent/DE102007059575A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F5/00Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers
    • E05F5/003Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers for sliding wings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B88/00Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture; Guides for drawers
    • A47B88/40Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor
    • A47B88/453Actuated drawers
    • A47B88/46Actuated drawers operated by mechanically-stored energy, e.g. by springs
    • A47B88/467Actuated drawers operated by mechanically-stored energy, e.g. by springs self-closing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F1/00Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass
    • E05F1/08Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings
    • E05F1/16Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings for sliding wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/21Brakes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/252Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore characterised by type of friction
    • E05Y2201/254Fluid or viscous friction
    • E05Y2201/256Fluid or viscous friction with pistons or vanes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/262Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore characterised by type of motion
    • E05Y2201/264Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore characterised by type of motion linear
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/40Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/404Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore characterised by the function
    • E05Y2201/41Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore characterised by the function for closing
    • E05Y2201/412Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore characterised by the function for closing for the final closing movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/40Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/47Springs; Spring tensioners
    • E05Y2201/488Traction springs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/20Combinations of elements
    • E05Y2800/21Combinations of elements of identical elements, e.g. of identical compression springs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/20Combinations of elements
    • E05Y2800/23Combinations of elements of elements of different categories
    • E05Y2800/24Combinations of elements of elements of different categories of springs and brakes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/20Combinations of elements
    • E05Y2800/244Combinations of elements arranged in serial relationship
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/20Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for furnitures, e.g. cabinets

Abstract

The invention relates to a damping and retraction device for at least one sliding element, for. As a sliding door, with a self-closing device with tension spring as energy storage, which is tensioned when opening the sliding element and the stored force is used during the closing process as Einziehshilfe in the final closed position, with a damping cylinder having damping device by means of the closing process before reaching the closed position of Sliding element is applied to the closing movement a damping counterforce, and with a housing in which the self-closing device and the damping device are slidably supported and guided, wherein the tension spring of the self-closing device and the damping cylinder of the damping device are fixed with one end with respect to the housing and with the other end are held on a slide, which is guided longitudinally displaceably in the housing and due to an attacking on a longitudinally displaceable in the housing driver attacking stop when opening the ski ebeelements is movable into a ready for self-closing with damping active position. In the housing, at least two tension springs are arranged one above the other and at least two damping cylinders arranged one above the other. The tension springs and the damping cylinders are arranged in series connection one behind the other.

Description

  • The The invention relates to a damping and retraction device for at least a sliding element, z. As a sliding door, with the other features of the claim 1.
  • Known Facilities of this kind are for large loads, z. B. large and heavy sliding doors that z. In cupboards, when Toreinfahrten od. Like. Be used, not suitable.
  • Of the Invention is based on the object, a damping and retraction device of the type mentioned above, in particular for self-closing with damping greater Loads, e.g. B. big and heavy sliding doors, suitable is.
  • The Task is with a damping and retraction device of the aforementioned type according to the invention solved by the features in claim 1. Other particular invention features and advantageous embodiments thereof will become apparent from the dependent claims. by virtue of the arrangement of each other while in series connection one behind the other results in a compact, also in the extension direction or relative to the opposite direction of feed relative short construction. The device thus needed for installation relatively little space. It is suitable for installation at one end area as well alike for the Installation at the opposite end area a travel path of a sliding element preferably stationary attachable. Due to the arrangement on top of each other and due to the series connection can be relatively strong springs be used. Normally, the extract requires each tension spring to achieve the active position a correspondingly long Auszugweg. In a normal addition z. B. two springs would be Double the extension path accordingly. Due to the arrangement on top of each other while the series connection in succession despite extract each tension spring the whole for the excursion of both tension springs required path length significantly reduced in the Ideal, despite two tension springs on almost only an extension length. by virtue of whose can thus relatively strong springs are used, whereby the transition in the closing movement also heavy sliding elements, z. B. sliding doors, with the required forces in the closed position drafted and in this final closed position can be held. Size Loads, in particular heavy sliding elements, z. B. sliding doors require furthermore for the achievement of a damping correspondingly strong damping devices. This is also due to the invention due to the superposition of the damping cylinder and their sequential arrangement in series in a simple Way is enough. By the appropriate number of damping cylinder is also at big loads, especially heavy sliding elements, a gentle braking on the last path section of the closing movement and a smooth transfer into the End position possible. Due to the gentle braking to the sliding element, z. To the sliding door, belonging Conversions, z. As a cabinet carcass or similar facilities, spared. Furthermore, the risk of injury from pinching, z. Belly the hand, between the sliding element, z. B. a sliding door, and a cabinet body avoided. A sliding element, for. As a sliding door is noiseless by means of the device and gently transferred to the final position and held in this by the institution. It is also advantageous that the device works almost silently.
  • Further Particular inventive features and embodiments are contained in the subclaims.
  • Further Details and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following Description.
  • Of the full Wording of the claims is not above alone to avoid unnecessary repetition but instead merely by reference to the requirements However, all of these claim characteristics as expressly and at this point essential to the invention disclosed. Here are all features mentioned in the preceding and following description as well as the removable alone from the drawings features other ingredients of the invention, even if not particularly highlighted and especially mentioned in the claims.
  • The Invention is shown below with reference to the drawings Embodiments explained in more detail. It demonstrate:
  • 1 a perspective exposure representation of a damping and retraction device for at least one sliding element, for. B. a sliding door,
  • 2 a schematic perspective view of a housing part with the damping and retraction device in the non-tensioned rest position,
  • 3 a schematic perspective view approximately corresponding to those in 2 , wherein the damping and retraction device is in the tensioned active position,
  • 4 a schematic, partially sectioned side view of a sliding element, for. B. a sliding door, which is provided with a stop for the damping and retraction device,
  • 5 a schematic, partially sectioned side view in the direction of arrow V of the stop,
  • 6 a schematic, partially sectioned side view of a damping cylinder of the damping and retraction device,
  • 7 a section of a nozzle of the damping cylinder in 6 on a larger scale
  • 8th a section of a detail of the nozzle in 7 on a larger scale.
  • In the drawings is a damping and retraction device 10 for at least one sliding element 11 shown, the latter z. B. and preferably a sliding door 12 can exist in 4 only hinted at. The damping and intake device 10 is below for simplicity only with device 10 designated. This has a self-closing device 13 with tension spring 14 as energy storage, which when opening the sliding element 11 , according to 2 and 4 in the direction of the arrow 15 happens, is tensioned and their stored force during the closing process, the opposite direction to the arrow 15 happens to be used as a retraction aid in the final closed position. Part of the facility 10 is also a damping cylinder 16 having damping device 17 , By means of the closing operation before reaching the closed position of the sliding element 11 a closing force damping the counteracting force is applied.
  • The device 10 has a z. B. two-part housing 20 made of plastic, which consists of two bowls 21 . 22 is formed, leaving a longitudinal slot 23 for a yet to be explained driver 24 to a closed box releasably connected to each other, for. B. are latched. In the case 20 are both the self-closing device 13 as well as the damping device 17 slidably held and guided, wherein the tension spring 14 the self-closing device 13 and the damping cylinders 16 the damping device 17 with one end relative to the housing 20 are fixed and with the other end to a slider 25 are held in the housing 20 is guided longitudinally displaceable. The driver 24 is in the case 20 held longitudinally displaceable. At the driver 24 can be used to operate the device 10 an attack 26 of the sliding element 11 attack. When opening the sliding element 11 by pressing in the direction of the arrow 15 the attack fails 26 at the driver 24 and takes this in the further opening movement of the sliding element 11 with, making the self-closing direction 13 and the damping device 17 be moved into a ready for self-closing with damping active position, the in 3 is shown.
  • In the case 20 are at least two tension springs 14 and 34 arranged one above the other. Furthermore, in the housing 20 at least two damping cylinders 16 and 36 arranged one above the other. Furthermore, the arrangement is made such that in this case the two tension springs 14 and 34 and damping cylinder 16 and 36 are arranged in series connection one behind the other.
  • The second tension spring 34 and at least a second damping cylinder 36 are on the slider 25 these are all with one end 35 respectively. 37 on the slide 25 attack and with their other end on a sled 40 are held in the housing 20 is displaceable and where the driver 24 attacks.
  • The sled 40 is like the slider 25 from a plastic molding. The sled 40 is parallel to the slider 25 and slidable relative to it, the slider 25 and the sled 40 are guided adjacent to each other. The slider 25 and the sled 40 lie at least partially on top of each other, wherein in another part of the slide 25 in the sledge 40 is included. In the case 20 and the shell 21 , there is a stop 41 , via which the pull-out path of the slider 25 during the shift into the active position ( 3 ) is limited.
  • In addition to the damping cylinder 16 is a second, parallel thereto and in transverse distance extending further damping cylinder 66 provided the same kind, which together with the damping cylinder 16 running within a common plane, wherein in the space between two damping cylinders 16 . 66 the first tension spring 14 is arranged. With the in 1 left end 67 . 68 are the two damping cylinders 16 . 66 at protrusions 69 respectively. 70 of the housing 20 established. The tension spring 14 is with her left end in the drawings 71 also at a projection 72 of the housing 20 , namely a hook-shaped nose of the shell 21 , set.
  • The two damping cylinders 16 and 66 together form a first damper group with a tension spring 14 between.
  • In analogous construction is in addition to the second damping cylinder 36 another analog damping cylinder 86 provided, to the damping cylinder 36 approximately parallel and at a transverse distance from this, wherein in the space between the two damping cylinders 36 . 86 the second tension spring 34 is arranged. The two damping cylinders 36 and 86 form a second damper group with at least one tension spring 34 in between, this second damper group 36 . 86 extends within a plane that runs above and parallel to the plane within which the dampers 16 . 66 the first damper group are arranged.
  • The two damping cylinders 16 . 66 the first damper group are in respective shots 27 respectively. 28 of the housing 20 , especially the shell 21 , added. The pictures 27 . 28 are by molded on both sides guide walls 29 respectively. 30 formed between two guide walls 29 and 30 the tension spring 14 outsourced.
  • The slider 25 has a plate 31 on top of the at least two damper cylinders 16 . 66 the first damper group is slidably held, z. B. on indicated housing risers 32 od. Like. Also serve to guide the bottom side webs 33 in the bowl 21 ,
  • The plate 31 points for each piston rod end 42 and 43 the damping cylinder 16 . 66 in 1 underside and therefore invisible wall parts on which the piston rod ends 42 and 43 record positively and in the opening direction according to arrow 15 take. The plate 31 also has a spring housing part projecting from these invisible wall parts 44 on. This serves to accommodate the in 1 right section of the tension spring 14 , these being with their local end 73 within the spring housing part 44 is set, for. B. on a hook-shaped stop 45 , The feather 14 is thus with the left end 71 hooked in the lead 72 and with the right end 73 hooked in the stop 45 of the slider 25 and is therefore at the displacement of the slider 25 in the direction of the arrow 15 stripped and cocked. The two damping cylinders 16 . 66 the first, lower damper group are with the ends 67 . 68 positive fit over the projections 69 . 70 in the bowl 21 set while the opposite piston rod ends 42 . 43 from the underside of the plate 31 located, not visible wall parts of these are included and taken away. When moving the slider 25 in the direction of the arrow 15 Thus, the two damping cylinders 16 . 66 activated by pulling the respective piston rod with piston and moved into the ready for the damping active position. The displacement of the slider 25 takes place by a displacement of the carriage 40 passing over the damping cylinders 36 . 86 and the tension spring 34 on the slide 25 is transmitted.
  • The plate 31 of the slider 25 indicates on the upper side, that of the first damper group 16 . 66 turned away, a support surface 46 . 47 for the damping cylinders 36 respectively. 86 the second damper group and for the associated tension spring 34 on. Furthermore, the plate has 31 on the upper side, that of the second damper group 36 . 86 is assigned, for each end 37 . 87 the piston rod of the damping cylinder 36 respectively. 86 these receiving wall parts 48 respectively. 49 on, each spaced and between them a gap for positive reception of the thickened end of the piston rod at the end 37 respectively. 87 form. In the same way are also in 1 lower side of the slider 25 provided and therefore not visible wall parts for the positive reception of the piston rod ends 42 . 43 designed.
  • From the wall parts 48 . 49 starting jumps a spring housing part 50 for receiving a portion of the tension spring 34 in front. In this spring housing part 50 stores the in 1 left section of the tension spring 34 whose eye-shaped end 35 at a z. B. hook-shaped stop 51 of the slider 25 is fixed. The wall parts 48 . 49 for the positive reception of the piston rod ends at the ends 37 . 87 the damping cylinder 36 respectively. 86 and the spring housing part 50 are, in the direction of the slide 25 considered, in longitudinal distance from those on the other, in 1 lower side of the plate 31 provided, invisible wall parts and the spring housing part 44 for the first damper group 16 . 66 arranged. In this design of the slider 55 is the plate 31 can be used in a pivoting about 180 ° pivoting about 180 ° center axis to the longitudinal direction, ie such that in comparison to the orientation according to 1 the spring housing part 44 extends left with opening up, while the other spring housing part 50 then in 1 extends to the right, with its opening facing down. Then by means of the wall parts 48 . 49 the piston rod ends 42 . 43 positively received and pulled out during the shift.
  • The sled 40 is to accommodate the damping cylinder 36 . 86 the second damper group and the at least one tension spring 34 formed between them. The sled 40 has a bridge part at one end 52 on, which forms a downwardly open U and is designed so that this is a spring housing part 44 of the slider 25 overlap and record in between. The bridge part 52 points to the side of the plate 31 of the slider 25 facing away from and in the drawings facing up, three spaced and mutually approximately parallel receiving pockets 53 . 54 and 55 on, in which the end sections of two parallel damping cylinder 36 . 86 the second damper group and the end portion of the at least one tension spring 34 between these are recorded and set at the end. In the receiving bag 55 that end up receiving 38 the tension spring 34 is provided is a approximately hook-shaped stop 56 included for hanging the end-side spring lug. In the receiving pockets 53 . 54 are the projections 69 . 70 corresponding projections 57 . 58 shaped, the holder of the ends 39 respectively. 88 the damping cylinder 36 respectively. 86 serve.
  • The damping cylinders 16 . 66 the first damper group and the damping cylinders 36 . 86 The second damper group are all designed identical. These dampers point at each end 67 . 68 . 39 . 88 in the end region of its cylinder housing recesses 59 , z. B. two-sided slots, grooves od. Like. On, in the end for fixing this damping cylinder 16 . 66 . 36 . 86 the explained projections 69 . 70 such as 57 . 58 interlock positively. The arrangement is made such that the respective damping cylinder 16 . 66 . 36 . 86 in 1 can be used from above, wherein these are received positively in the region of both ends when inserting. The projections 69 . 70 for the first damper group 16 . 66 are located on a part of the housing 20 , especially on the shell 21 while the projections 57 . 58 for the second damper group 36 . 86 on the sledge 40 are formed.
  • In particular from 1 you realize that the damping cylinder 16 . 66 the first damper group with their piston rod ends 42 . 43 opposite to those of the second damper group 36 . 86 are arranged.
  • The driver 24 is as a pivot bolt 74 formed, which is a transverse to the direction of the axis 75 swiveling on the sledge 40 is held. The driver 24 has an outer engagement opening 76 for the stop 26 and in transverse distance next to a sliding tongue 77 on, with the sliding tongue 77 inside the case 20 and the intervention opening 76 outside the case 20 are located. The sliding tongue 77 has a projection at the end 78 on, for locking in the cocked active position according to 3 in an opening 79 of the housing, in particular the in 1 upper shell 22 , engages and when the engagement opening 76 of the driver 24 through the stop 26 out of this opening 79 out under release of the driver 24 is movable.
  • Between the sliding tongue 77 and the outer engagement opening 76 is a jetty 80 with beveled surface 81 provided by the driver 24 upon reaching the cocked active position according to 3 around the axis 75 is pivoted into the detent position in which the projection 78 in the opening 79 engaging latching. The inclined surface 81 is preferably located on both opposite sides. As soon as moving in the direction of the arrow 15 the driver 24 with the inclined surface 81 on an associated surface on the housing 20 is due to interaction of this surface with the inclined surface 81 the driver 24 with the lead 78 in the opening 79 pivoted and thus the device 10 in the tensioned active position according to 3 locked.
  • The pivot bolt 74 is with a damping element 82 , z. B. an elastic buffer, a rubber ring od. The like., Provided that the noise attenuation when pivoting the pivot bolt 74 serves. This damping element 82 is located on the sliding tongue 77 on the side that the projection 78 is turned away and is therefore only in 3 indicated by dashed lines. Achieved by the fact that when disengaging the driver 24 from the detent position by pivotal movement striking the driver 24 on the sledge 40 is silenced. Furthermore, a further noise damping is provided on the housing side. For this purpose, the housing 20 , z. B. the shell 22 in which the opening 79 adjacent area in 1 dashed lines indicated damping element 83 on, z. B. in the form of an elastic buffer. This damping element 83 causes the pivot latch 74 during its locking in the cocked active position according to 3 damped at the housing 20 strikes.
  • The device 10 is used as a complete component z. B. attached to a cabinet body, not shown, in such a way that during the displacement of the sliding element 11 its stop 26 upon reaching the device 10 in engagement with the driver 24 , in particular its engagement opening 76 , can get. During the sliding movement of the sliding element 11 in the direction of the arrow 15 relative to the device 10 in the open position reaches the stop 26 in engagement with the engagement opening 76 , so that upon further opening movement of the driver 24 and over this the sleigh 40 from the stop 26 in the direction of the arrow 15 relative to the housing 20 be moved. It will be over the sled 40 and the slider 25 the damper cylinders 16 . 66 the first damper group and the first tension spring 14 and further the damping cylinders 36 . 86 the second damper group and the second tension spring 34 pulled out in series and brought into their active position. At the end of the sliding movement of the driver 24 takes his lead 78 in the housing-side opening 79 a form-fitting, whereby a locking of the device 10 takes place in the tensioned active position. The device 10 remains in this active position according to 3 even if the sliding element 11 continue in the direction of the arrow 15 is moved in the open position. Here comes the stop 26 except access with the driver 24 ,
  • Will the sliding element 11 in the opposite direction to the arrow 15 moved in the closing direction, arrives in this way the stop 26 engaged with the one cross opening 76 of the driver 24 , due to the oblique surface design of the engaging hole 76 with his lead 78 out of the opening 79 swung out and thereby released. The two tensioned springs 14 and 34 By contracting, they release the force stored in them during the closing process and pull the carriage 40 and the slider 25 in the opposite direction to the arrow 15 , This movement is caused by the damping cylinder 16 . 66 and 36 . 86 the damping device 17 attenuated. The sliding element 11 is thus automatically pulled into the closed position, said movement, in particular a possible stop movement, shortly before reaching the closed end position by the damping device 17 is dampened.
  • The device 10 is able to handle large loads, e.g. As well as heavy sliding doors, z. B. of cabinets od. Like. Intercept the closing process on the last path section and then gently transfer them to the final position. Due to the gentle braking of the sliding element 11 a cupboard or similar device is spared. The risk of entrapment, z. As the hand, between the sliding element 11 and a cabinet body is prevented. It is also advantageous that the sliding element 11 , then, when this has reached the end position, is held in this at the same time. Of great advantage is that the facility 10 builds small and compact and nevertheless due to the series connection of their elements apply large pull-in forces and can cause strong attenuation.
  • In 4 and 5 is schematically the sliding element 11 attached stop 26 shown. The stop 26 is on a flat part 60 held, in turn, preferably form-fitting manner to a z. B. flat running part 61 is appropriate. The running part 61 is on the sliding element 11 , z. B. on the sliding door 12 , attached, z. B. by means of screws. On the running part 61 is around the axis 62 a roller 63 rotatably held. The roller 63 can be in a guideway 64 an immovably held run profile 65 roll. Preferably, between the lower edge 89 of the running profile 65 and the top edge 90 of the flat part 60 an air gap 91 formed, causing the roller 63 safely in the guideway 64 is held. The flat part 60 has protrusions 92 . 93 , z. B. each other winkling extending strips, with which the flat part 60 in a reproducible position on the running part 61 , in particular on marginal edges of this, z. B. at a lower edge and an approximately perpendicular to this side edge strikes, as in 4 indicated by dashed lines. By means of screws passing through the running part 61 through z. B. in the inside of the sliding door 12 Be screwed, the flat part 60 with the stop 26 attached. This is a safe, accurate and easy attachment of the stop 26 on the sliding element 11 in a reproducible position.
  • The stop 26 is as of the flat part 60 protruding and over this superior projection 94 educated. This has an approximately semicircular head part 95 in terms of shape and dimensions of those of the engagement 76 of the driver 24 is adapted, such that the head part 95 into the intervention opening 76 for releasing the driver 24 can intervene from the detent position and in opposite directions to move into the detent position. During the dissolution process and during the movement into the detent position there is advantageously a constant positive engagement between the head part 95 the stop 26 and the intervention opening 76 of the driver 24 , The flat part 60 is advantageously made of plastic with it integrally formed stop 26 , It is advantageous in the described design of the stop 26 in that due to the constant positive connection between the head part 95 and the intervention opening 76 any wear between the two is avoided as much as possible. This also reduces the noise. In 4 and 5 is the arrangement on a sliding element 11 , in particular a sliding door 12 represented. For another, opposite sliding door is the stop 26 instead of a mirror image. Therefore, while the device 10 can be grown without modification both on one side and on an opposite side of a cabinet body and thus an element is usable for both mounting positions, is assigned to it as a stop 26 the execution according to 4 and 5 used in one case or a mirror image execution in the other case.
  • In 6 to 8th are details of a damper cylinder 16 shown. This has a z. B. rectangular in cross-section housing 18 and in this a multi-piece piston 19 on, over a connecting link 84 with a piston rod with piston rod end 42 connected is. The damping cylinder 16 has at the particular front end of the cylindrical housing 18 one the inside 96 nozzle connecting with the environment 97 on. The nozzle 97 contains a hole that opens to the outside 98 in an approximately spherical shape 99 ends in a ball 100 is held captive. The recording 99 is approximately spherical and has a spherical section 101 between two diametrical ends. The approximately spherical recording 99 contains recessed channels on its inner surface 102 , which open out to both ends and follow in between the ball curvature. From these recessed channels 102 For example, four approximately equal circumferential angular distances are provided from each other. The spherical shape of the picture 99 is chosen so that the ball 100 in the recording 99 is held captive but movable. So, like by 6 to 8th for the damping cylinder 16 is described, is each damper cylinder 16 . 66 . 36 . 86 designed. Through the nozzle 97 a slowing down action with a subsequent slow retraction movement is achieved. The nozzle 97 allows a very accurate dosage of the inside 96 outgoing air.

Claims (42)

  1. Damping and drawing-in device for at least one sliding element ( 11 ), z. B. a sliding door ( 12 ), with a self-closing device ( 13 ) with tension spring ( 14 ) as energy storage, which when opening the sliding element ( 11 ) is tensioned and whose stored force is used during the closing process as a retraction aid in the final closed position, with a damping cylinder ( 16 ) having damping device ( 17 ), by means of the closing operation before reaching the closed position of the sliding element ( 11 ) is applied a closing movement damping counterforce, and with a housing ( 20 ), in which the self-closing device ( 13 ) and the damping device ( 17 ) are displaceably held and guided, wherein the tension spring ( 14 ) of the self-closing device ( 13 ) and the damping cylinders ( 16 ) of the damping device ( 17 ) with one end in relation to the housing ( 20 ) and with the other end on a slider ( 25 ) held in the housing ( 20 ) is guided longitudinally displaceable and due to a at one in the housing ( 20 ) held longitudinally displaceable driver ( 24 ) attacking attack ( 26 ) when opening the sliding element ( 11 ) is movable in an active position ready for self-closing with damping; characterized in that in the housing ( 20 ) at least two tension springs ( 14 . 34 ) are arranged one above the other and at least two damping cylinders ( 16 . 36 ) are arranged one above the other and that thereby the tension springs ( 14 . 34 ) and the damping cylinders ( 16 . 36 ) are arranged in series connection one behind the other.
  2. Damping and retracting device according to claim 1, characterized in that the second tension spring ( 34 ) and at least one second damping cylinder ( 36 ) on the slide ( 25 ), all with an end ( 35 . 37 . 87 ) on the slide ( 25 attack) and with their other end ( 38 . 39 . 88 ) on one in the housing ( 20 ) sliding carriage ( 40 ) on which the driver ( 24 ) attacks.
  3. Damping and retracting device according to claim 2, characterized in that the carriage ( 40 ) parallel to the slider ( 25 ) and is displaceable relative thereto.
  4. Damping and retracting device according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the slide ( 25 ) and the carriage ( 40 ) are guided against each other.
  5. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 2 to 4, characterized in that the slide ( 25 ) and the carriage ( 40 ) at least partially over each other.
  6. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that in the housing ( 20 ) an attack ( 41 ) for limiting the pull-out path of the slide ( 25 ) is provided.
  7. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that in the housing ( 20 ) a first damper group of at least two parallel and transversely spaced damper cylinders ( 16 . 66 ) with at least one tension spring ( 14 ) is interposed, with one end ( 67 . 68 . 71 ) on projections ( 69 . 70 . 72 ) of the housing ( 20 ).
  8. Damping and intake device according to claim 7, characterized in that the at least two damping cylinders ( 16 . 66 ) in respective recordings ( 27 . 28 ) of the housing ( 20 ) with two-sided guide walls ( 29 . 30 ), wherein the tension spring ( 14 ) in the intermediate region between two guide walls ( 29 . 30 ) stores.
  9. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 7 or 8, characterized in that the slide ( 25 ) a plate ( 31 ), which over the at least two damping cylinders ( 16 . 66 ) of the first damper group on housing webs ( 32 ) od. Like. Is held displaceable.
  10. Damping and retracting device according to claim 9, characterized in that the plate ( 31 ) for each piston rod end ( 42 . 43 ) of the damping cylinder ( 16 . 66 ) has this positively receiving and entraining wall parts.
  11. Damping and retracting device according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the plate ( 31 ) projecting from the wall parts spring housing part ( 44 ) for receiving a portion of the tension spring ( 14 ) with an end stop ( 45 ) for fixing the tension spring end ( 73 ) having.
  12. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that in the housing ( 20 ) a second damper group with at least one tension spring ( 34 ) between at least two mutually parallel and transversely spaced damper cylinders ( 36 . 86 ), which is above the first Damper group ( 16 . 66 ) is arranged.
  13. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 9 to 12, characterized in that the plate ( 31 ) of the slider ( 25 ) on the side facing the first damper group ( 16 . 66 ) facing away, a bearing surface ( 46 . 47 ) for the damping cylinders ( 36 . 86 ) of the second group and the tension spring ( 34 ) having.
  14. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 9 to 13, characterized in that the plate ( 31 ) on the side facing the second damper group ( 36 . 86 ) is assigned for each piston rod end ( 37 . 87 ) of the damping cylinder ( 36 . 86 ) of the second damper group these positively receiving wall parts ( 48 . 49 ) having.
  15. Damping and retracting device according to claim 14, characterized in that the plate ( 31 ) one of the wall parts ( 48 . 49 ) projecting spring housing part ( 50 ) for receiving a portion of the tension spring ( 34 ) of the second damper group ( 36 . 86 ) with an end stop ( 51 ) for fixing the tension spring end ( 35 ) having.
  16. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 10 to 15, characterized in that the wall parts ( 48 . 49 ) for the positive reception of the piston rod end ( 37 . 87 ) of the damping cylinder ( 36 . 86 ) of the second damper group and the spring housing part ( 50 ) in the direction of displacement of the slide ( 25 ) at a longitudinal distance from those on the other side of the plate ( 31 ) provided wall parts and spring housing part ( 44 ) for the first damper group ( 16 . 66 ) are arranged.
  17. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 9 to 16, characterized in that the plate ( 31 ) Is used in a pivoting about 180 ° to the longitudinal direction of the central axis extending pivotal positions.
  18. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 2 to 17, characterized in that the carriage ( 40 ) for receiving the damping cylinder ( 36 . 86 ) of the second damper group and the at least one tension spring ( 34 ) is formed therebetween.
  19. Damping and intake device according to claim 18, characterized in that the carriage ( 40 ) at one end a bridge part ( 52 ), which has a spring housing part ( 44 ) of the slider ( 25 ) and takes in between.
  20. Damping and retraction device according to claim 19, characterized in that the bridge part ( 52 ) on the side facing the plate ( 31 ) facing away, three spaced and mutually approximately parallel receiving pockets ( 53 . 54 . 55 ), in which the end sections ( 39 . 88 ) of two parallel damping cylinders ( 36 . 86 ) and the at least one tension spring ( 34 ) between these, which are components of the second damper group, are recorded and fixed at the end.
  21. Damping and retracting device according to claim 20, characterized in that in the receiving pocket ( 55 ), which for receiving the Zugfederendes ( 38 ), a stop ( 56 ) for fixing the tension spring end ( 38 ) is included.
  22. Damping and intake device according to one of claims 1 to 21, characterized in that the individual damping cylinder ( 16 . 66 . 36 . 86 ) in the end region of its cylinder housing recesses ( 59 ), z. B. two-sided slots, grooves od. Like., Have, in the end for fixing the damping cylinder ( 16 . 66 . 36 . 86 ) respective projections ( 69 . 70 . 57 . 58 ) interlock positively.
  23. Damping and retracting device according to claim 22, characterized in that the projections ( 69 . 70 ) for the first damper group ( 16 . 66 ) on a housing part ( 21 ) and the projections ( 57 . 58 ) for the second damper group ( 36 . 86 ) on the slide ( 40 ) are provided.
  24. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 7 to 23, characterized in that the damping cylinder ( 16 . 66 ) of the first damper group with their piston rod ends ( 42 . 43 ) opposite to those of the second damper group ( 36 . 86 ) are arranged.
  25. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 1 to 24, characterized in that the housing ( 20 ) of two bowls ( 21 . 22 ) formed while leaving a longitudinal slot ( 23 ) for the driver ( 24 ) are detachably connectable to each other to a closed box.
  26. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 1 to 25, characterized in that the driver ( 24 ) as a pivot bolt ( 74 ) is formed, which is about an axis extending transversely to the direction of displacement ( 75 ) pivotable on the carriage ( 40 ) is held.
  27. Damping and intake device according to claim 25 or 26, characterized in that the driver ( 24 ) an outer engagement opening ( 76 ) for a stop ( 26 ) and at a distance next to it a sliding tongue ( 77 ), wherein the sliding tongue ( 77 ) inside the housing and the engagement opening ( 76 ) outside the housing ( 20 ) are located.
  28. Damping and retracting device according to claim 27, characterized in that the sliding tongue ( 77 ) a lead ( 78 ), which is for locking in the active position in an opening ( 79 ) of the housing ( 20 ), z. B. a housing shell ( 22 ) and when the engagement opening ( 76 ) of the driver ( 24 ) by the stop ( 26 ) from this opening ( 79 ) is movable out.
  29. Damping and retracting device according to claim 27 or 28, characterized in that between the sliding tongue ( 77 ) and the outer engagement opening ( 76 ) a footbridge ( 80 ) with an inclined surface ( 81 ) is provided, via which the driver ( 24 ) upon reaching the active position about its axis ( 75 ) is pivoted into the detent position, in which the projection ( 78 ) in the opening ( 79 ) engages latching.
  30. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 26 to 29, characterized in that the pivot bolt ( 74 ), z. B. at its sliding tongue ( 77 ) on the side facing the projection ( 78 ) facing away, a damping element ( 82 ), z. B. an elastic buffer, a rubber ring od. Like., Has.
  31. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 25 to 30, characterized in that the housing ( 20 ), z. B. a housing shell ( 22 ), in which the opening ( 79 ) adjacent area a damping element ( 83 ), z. B. an elastic buffer, against which the pivot bolt ( 74 ) can strike damped when locking.
  32. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 1 to 31, characterized in that each damping cylinder ( 16 . 66 . 36 . 86 ) at the particular front end of the cylinder housing ( 18 ) one the inside ( 96 ) nozzle communicating with the environment ( 97 ) having.
  33. Damping and drawing-in device according to claim 32, characterized in that the nozzle ( 97 ) an outwardly open bore ( 98 ) contained in an approximately spherical receptacle ( 99 ) ends, in which a ball ( 100 ) is held captive.
  34. Damping and retracting device according to claim 33, characterized in that the approximately spherical receptacle ( 99 ) a ball section ( 101 ) between two diametrical ends.
  35. Damping and retracting device according to claim 33 or 34, characterized in that the approximately spherical receptacle ( 99 ) recessed channels on the inner surface ( 102 ) which terminate at both diametrical ends and follow therebetween the ball curvature.
  36. Damping and retracting device according to claim 35, characterized in that four approximately equally large circumferential angular distances from one another arranged channels ( 102 ) are provided.
  37. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 1 to 36, characterized in that the stop ( 26 ) on a flat part ( 60 ), which in turn preferably has a positive fit on a running part ( 61 ) which is attached to the sliding element ( 11 ), z. B. the sliding door ( 12 ), is attached.
  38. Damping and retracting device according to claim 37, characterized in that on the running part ( 61 ) a roller ( 63 ) is rotatably supported in a guideway ( 64 ) of a non-displaceably held run profile ( 65 ), and preferably that between the lower edge ( 89 ) of the running profile ( 65 ) and the flat part ( 60 ) an air gap ( 91 ), whereby the roller ( 63 ) safely in the guideway ( 64 ) is held.
  39. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 37 or 38, characterized in that the flat part ( 60 ) Projections ( 92 . 93 ), z. B. each other at an angle extending strips, with which the flat part ( 60 ) in a reproducible position on the running part ( 61 ), in particular on marginal edges of this, z. B. a lower edge and a side edge strikes.
  40. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 37 to 39, characterized in that the stop ( 26 ) than the flat part ( 60 ) and beyond this outstanding advantage ( 94 ) and that the projection ( 94 ) an approximately semicircular head part ( 95 ) in terms of shape and dimensions of those of the engagement opening ( 76 ) of the driver ( 24 ) is adapted such that the head part ( 95 ) into the engagement opening ( 76 ) for releasing the driver ( 24 ) can engage from the detent position and in the opposite direction to move into the detent position.
  41. Damping and retracting device according to claim 40, characterized in that during the release process as well as during movement into the detent position a permanent positive engagement between the head part ( 95 ) of the stop ( 26 ) and the intervention opening ( 76 ) of the driver ( 24 ) consists.
  42. Damping and retracting device according to one of claims 37 to 41, characterized in that the flat part ( 60 ) consists of plastic integrally formed stop ( 26 ).
DE102007059575A 2007-12-11 2007-12-11 Damping and moving device for sliding element i.e. sliding door, has damping cylinders arranged one above other, where tension springs and damping cylinders are arranged in series connection with one behind other Withdrawn DE102007059575A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007059575A DE102007059575A1 (en) 2007-12-11 2007-12-11 Damping and moving device for sliding element i.e. sliding door, has damping cylinders arranged one above other, where tension springs and damping cylinders are arranged in series connection with one behind other

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007059575A DE102007059575A1 (en) 2007-12-11 2007-12-11 Damping and moving device for sliding element i.e. sliding door, has damping cylinders arranged one above other, where tension springs and damping cylinders are arranged in series connection with one behind other

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DE102007059575A1 true DE102007059575A1 (en) 2009-06-18

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DE102007059575A Withdrawn DE102007059575A1 (en) 2007-12-11 2007-12-11 Damping and moving device for sliding element i.e. sliding door, has damping cylinders arranged one above other, where tension springs and damping cylinders are arranged in series connection with one behind other

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102008051360A1 (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-05-12 Karl Simon Gmbh & Co. Kg retraction device
DE102010000341A1 (en) * 2010-02-08 2011-08-11 Karl Simon GmbH & Co. KG, 78733 Feeding device for furniture
EP2336468A3 (en) * 2009-12-18 2014-05-28 Hettich-Heinze GmbH & Co. KG Fitting for two sliding door leaves
EP2360338A3 (en) * 2010-02-24 2014-07-09 Sugatsune Kogyo CO., LTD. Drawing device
EP2848759A1 (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-03-18 Hettich-Heinze GmbH & Co. KG Dampening device
WO2017220797A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 Titus D.O.O. Dekani Improvements in movement control devices

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102008051360A1 (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-05-12 Karl Simon Gmbh & Co. Kg retraction device
EP3075935B1 (en) 2008-10-15 2018-05-02 Karl Simon GmbH & Co. Kg Retracting device
EP2527578B2 (en) 2008-10-15 2020-05-13 KARL SIMON GmbH & Co. KG Dispositif d'escamotage
EP2527578B1 (en) 2008-10-15 2016-09-07 KARL SIMON GmbH & Co. KG Dispositif d'escamotage
EP2336468A3 (en) * 2009-12-18 2014-05-28 Hettich-Heinze GmbH & Co. KG Fitting for two sliding door leaves
EP2353445B2 (en) 2010-02-08 2020-04-29 Karl Simon GmbH & Co. Kg Slide for retracting parts of furniture
DE102010000341A1 (en) * 2010-02-08 2011-08-11 Karl Simon GmbH & Co. KG, 78733 Feeding device for furniture
EP2360338A3 (en) * 2010-02-24 2014-07-09 Sugatsune Kogyo CO., LTD. Drawing device
EP2848759A1 (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-03-18 Hettich-Heinze GmbH & Co. KG Dampening device
WO2017220797A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 Titus D.O.O. Dekani Improvements in movement control devices
CN109642446A (en) * 2016-06-24 2019-04-16 泰特斯(德卡尼)有限责任公司 The improvement of motion control device
US10745955B2 (en) 2016-06-24 2020-08-18 Titus D.O.O. Dekani Movement control devices

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