DE102007033962A1 - Solar system for building roof, has movable ring part connected with plate and moved relative to fixed ring part such that movable ring part is rotated together with plate around axle - Google Patents

Solar system for building roof, has movable ring part connected with plate and moved relative to fixed ring part such that movable ring part is rotated together with plate around axle

Info

Publication number
DE102007033962A1
DE102007033962A1 DE102007033962A DE102007033962A DE102007033962A1 DE 102007033962 A1 DE102007033962 A1 DE 102007033962A1 DE 102007033962 A DE102007033962 A DE 102007033962A DE 102007033962 A DE102007033962 A DE 102007033962A DE 102007033962 A1 DE102007033962 A1 DE 102007033962A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
plate
ring
characterized
solar
installation according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE102007033962A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Robert Wittmann
Original Assignee
Robert Wittmann
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Robert Wittmann filed Critical Robert Wittmann
Priority to DE102007033962A priority Critical patent/DE102007033962A1/en
Publication of DE102007033962A1 publication Critical patent/DE102007033962A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/18Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/45Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with two rotation axes
    • F24S30/452Vertical primary axis
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • Y02B10/12Roof systems for PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The system has a plate (1) flexibly connected with a ring (2) such that the plate is moved around an axle relative to the ring. The plate is accommodated and widely pivoted to the ring in a position such that the plate rests on the ring or extends to small distance to the ring. A movable ring part (21) of the ring is connected with the plate. The movable ring part is moved relative to a fixed ring part (22) such that the movable ring part is rotated together with the plate around another axle. An independent claim is also included for a method for operating a solar system for conversion of solar energy into other energy form.

Description

  • The The present invention relates to a device according to the preamble of claim 1 and a method for operating a solar system according to the generic term of claim 37.
  • By Solar energy systems will usually convert solar energy into electrical energy or thermal energy converted. The solar elements are mostly photovoltaic elements resulting from the light impinging thereon Generate electricity, or lines that flowed through a medium which is heated by solar energy.
  • such Solar systems have been in the most diverse for many years Embodiments known. The solar systems are generally on the ground or on buildings, in particular mounted on building roofs.
  • solar systems have to meet two essential requirements. You have to be able to on the one hand be, the solar energy as possible efficient use, and must on the other hand be constructed so that they can be damaged by bad weather, for example not by storms damaged become. These two requirements are in the previously known Solar systems not optimally fulfilled at the same time. Solar systems with a particularly efficient use of solar energy, ie in particular Solar systems with movable plates that can be aligned to the respective position of the sun Although they have a high efficiency, but are often through storms or other bad weather damaged. Keep solar panels with fixed (non-moving) panels Storms better stand, can but not tracked by the sun become and work less efficiently.
  • Of the The present invention is therefore based on the object, a solar system and to provide a method of operating the same, on the one hand uses the solar energy very efficiently, and on the other hand very resistant to Storm is.
  • These The object is achieved by the claimed in claim 1 solar system or by the in claim 37 claimed method solved.
  • The solar system according to the invention is characterized by
    • - That the plate is pivotally connected to a ring, so that the plate is movable about a first axis relative to the ring, wherein one of the positions, which can take the plate, a position in which the plate pivots so far towards the ring is that it rests on the ring or extends over it with a small distance to the ring, and
    • - That the part of the ring which is connected to the plate, a movable ring part which is movable relative to another, fixed ring part, so that the movable ring part rotatable together with the plate about a second axis is.
  • The Pivoting the plate about two axes allows the plate can be tracked to the respective position of the sun, so that a very efficient use of solar energy is possible.
  • Of the Circumstance that the Plate can be brought into a position in which they are on the ring rests or at a short distance to the ring over this extends, especially when the fixed Ring part directly on the ground, on a wall, or a roof mounted on the front, improved protection against damage Plate by storm.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention is the fixed Ring part arranged around a window of a building or is itself the framework for a window inserted therein or the support for a window frame with therein inserted window. In this case, the solar system can be even more Take over tasks: By a suitable position of the plate, this can also if necessary be used as a shade dispenser, through which one on the Window solar radiation into the building interior and the associated warming of the building interior completely or partially can be prevented. The plate can be in If necessary, cooperation with the ring as a thermal insulation element be used by which one on the window succeeding undesirable heat transport in or out of the building interior completely or partially can be prevented. Furthermore, the plate can if necessary, also be used as a light reflector, through which Sunlight is directed through the window into the building.
  • The inventive method is characterized in that the plate ( 1 )
    • - is used as a shadow donor, by which it can be completely or partially prevented that one to the plate ( 1 ) adjacent window of a building sun rays enter the building interior, and / or
    • - Is used as a thermal insulation element, which can be wholly or partially prevented that a to the plate ( 1 ) adjacent window of a building heat transfer into or out of the building interior, and / or
    • - is used as a light reflector, through which a to the plate ( 1 ) adjacent window ei Throughout the building, sunlight is reflected into the building interior.
  • D. h., the solar system is except for the Conversion of solar energy into another form of energy also for energy savings in a building used for performing tasks.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the plate not always aligned so that the provided thereon solar elements optimally use the solar energy. Especially at times when the temperature inside the building is high, which is lower than the desired one Temperature, at least when the sun is shining, prove advantageous to place the plate in a position in which (preferably having particularly good light reflection properties) back is irradiated by the sun, and the incident sunlight from there over the window into the building interior is reflected. This can be done achieve a particularly efficient heating of the building interior. Though are arranged in this case, the on the front of the plate Solar elements no longer shine directly from the sun and produce accordingly less energy, but this puts in the overall energy balance no disadvantage. The direct heating of the building through the Window entering the building Sunlight is in fact considerably more efficient than that provided by the solar panels Conversion of solar energy into another form of energy and the Heating the building using this other form of energy.
  • Further advantageous developments of the invention are the following description, the figures, and the dependent claims removable.
  • The Invention will now be described with reference to exemplary embodiments with reference closer to the figures described. Show it
  • 1A a first perspective view of the solar installation described in more detail below,
  • 1B another perspective view in the 1A shown solar system,
  • 2 an exploded view of the in the 1A and 1B shown solar system,
  • 3 a representation to illustrate an arrangement in which the solar system is also used as a shade dispenser, which can be wholly or partially prevented that arrive at a solar system adjacent window of a building sun rays into the building interior,
  • 4 a representation to illustrate an arrangement in which the solar system is also used as a thermal insulation element, which can be wholly or partially prevented that takes place via a solar system adjacent window of a building, a heat transfer into or out of the building interior
  • 5 a representation to illustrate an arrangement in which the solar system is also used as a light reflector through which sunlight is reflected through a window of a building adjacent to the solar system into the building interior, and
  • 6 a representation illustrating an arrangement in which the solar system (at night) converted by the moon reflected solar radiation into another form of energy.
  • The The solar system described below is used to convert solar energy into another form of energy. To avoid misunderstandings It should be noted at this point that under Solar energy not only those radiated from the sun directly to the earth Energy may be understood, but also of objects such as solar energy reflected from the moon to the earth.
  • The other form of energy, in which the solar system described below The solar energy converts, in the considered example electrical Energy. Accordingly, in the described solar system for Use coming solar panels photovoltaic elements. It was already at this point pointed out that there is no restriction. The peculiarities of the presented solar system can be also apply to solar systems that use solar energy any other solar elements into electrical energy or a transform any other form of energy.
  • The solar panels are on a below as the front 11 designated side of a plate 1 arranged. The plate 1 has in the example considered a rectangular shape, but could also have any other shape. As in particular from the 1A and 1B can be seen is the plate 1 articulated with a ring 2 connected. More precisely, one is the ring 21 facing edge portion of the plate 1 with a first ring part 21 of the ring 2 connected. Due to the articulated connection of the plate 1 with the first ring part 21 is the plate 1 relative to the first ring part 21 movable, more precisely pivotable about a designated in the figures by the reference numeral A1 first axis. The first axis A1 is in the example considered laterally outside of the ring 2 where it is depends on the specific training and use of the solar system, whether this is mandatory or advantageous.
  • The connection of the plate 1 with the ring 2 and a later described in more detail drive mechanism for performing the pivotal movement of the plate 1 about the first axis A1 are formed so that the positions that the plate 1 can occupy a position in which the plate 1 , more precisely, either the front 11 or the front 11 opposite back 12 same on the ring 2 rests, and that the plate 1 starting from this position from the ring 1 is swinging away.
  • The ring 2 consists as already indicated above, of several parts, namely from the above-mentioned first ring part 21 , a second ring part 22 , and a third ring part 23 , As in particular from the 2 it can be seen, are the first ring part 21 , the second ring part 22 , and the third ring part 23 also rings, with the first ring part 21 and the third ring part 23 outside on the second ring part 22 are set up.
  • The one inner ring of the ring 2 forming second ring part 22 is a fixed ring part, which can not move in the assembled state of the solar system. It is preferably mounted directly on a stable load-bearing base such as the floor (or a foundation or the like provided therein or the like), the roof of a building, or a wall, the roof being both a flat roof and an inclined roof and the wall can be both the wall of a building and a freestanding wall. In the mounted on the surface of the solar system is located in the 1A and 1B shown below (bottom) side of the second ring part 22 on the pad. The connection of the second ring part 22 with the base takes place in the example considered by screwing the second ring part 22 on the pad, but can also be done in any other way.
  • The first ring part 23 is a ring concentric with the second ring part 22 around the second ring part 22 is arranged around. The first ring part 21 and the second ring part 22 are not or only so interconnected that the first ring part 21 relative to the stationary second ring part 22 can move. More precisely, the first ring part 21 around the designated in the figures by the reference numeral A2 center axis of the ring 2 rotate. The first ring part 21 is made by various leadership devices, either on the first ring part 21 or on the second ring part 22 can be fixed, guided. These guide devices are in the example considered, several roles or pairs of roles in the 2 shown, but not described in detail here. The roles or role pairs have at least partially additionally the function that they are the position of the first ring part 21 in relation to the second ring part 22 set so that the rotational movement of the first ring part 21 The only movement around the second axis A2 is the first ring part 21 can perform. It should be clear and requires no further explanation that the leadership of the first ring part 21 and the restriction of freedom of movement of the same can also be realized differently than in the example considered.
  • The third ring part 23 is another ring concentric to the second ring part 22 around the second ring part 22 is arranged around. The third ring part 23 is in the considered example under the first ring part 21 arranged and serves as a panel to protect the underlying mechanism for the guidance and movement of the first ring part 21 ,
  • The movement of the first ring part 21 about the second axis A2 takes place in the example considered on one on the first ring part 21 attached chain, in which a pinion attacks, by one on the second ring part 22 or on the third ring part 23 fixed electric motor is driven, or via one on the second ring part 22 or on the third ring part 23 be solidified chain, in which a pinion engages, by one on the first ring part 21 fixed electric motor is driven. The drive for the movement of the first ring part 21 but can also be done in any other way.
  • Panning the plate 1 around the first axis A1 takes place in the example considered by one or more telescopic rods 31 . 32 one end of which is in each case connected to the plate via a first joint 1 , and the other end each has a second joint with the first ring part 21 connected is. The extension and retraction of the telescopic poles 31 . 32 takes place in the example considered by an electric Hubspindelantrieb. It should be clear and needs no further explanation that the telescopic rods 31 . 32 also by any other electric drive, or by a pneumatic, hydraulic, manual, or other drive extendable and contractible. There is also no restriction that the pivoting of the plate 1 about the telescopic rods used in the example considered 31 . 32 he follows. The pivot mechanism could also have any other structure.
  • The first axis A1, around which the plate 1 can be pivoted, and the second axis A2, around which the first ring part 21 together with the plate 1 can be rotated, preferably at right angles to each other with a lateral offset. However, there is no compelling need for this. It is important in the first place that the plate 1 by pivoting the plate 1 about the first axis A1 and / or a rotation of the first ring part 21 along with the plate 1 can be tracked about the second axis A2 of the sun, preferably in such a way that the sun's rays are substantially perpendicular to each of the solar elements supporting the front side 11 the plate 1 to meet.
  • Such a constructed solar system proves to be advantageous in several ways. The pivoting of the plate about two axes makes it possible that the plate can be tracked to the respective position of the sun, so that a very efficient use of solar energy is possible. The fact that the plate can be brought into a position in which it on the ring 2 rests or at a short distance to the ring 2 extends over this, especially if the ring offers 2 mounted directly on the ground, against a wall, or a roof, improved protection against damage to the plate by storm. In particular, there is less danger that the solar system will be damaged by a storm; the plate 1 can with the appropriate structure of the solar system in the ring 2 pivoted position at a small distance, for example, at a distance of only a few centimeters, and substantially parallel to the pad, on which the ring 2 is mounted above the ground, in front of the wall or above the roof, and thus hardly offers a storm a chance to damage the solar system. This is especially true when the plate 1 in the ring 2 tilted position on the ring 2 rests. If the solar system is constructed so that in the ring 2 tilted state of the plate 1 the front 11 same to the ring 2 facing, is the solar panels supporting front 11 the plate 1 also protected from damage by hail and the like.
  • Further advantages arise when the solar system is mounted so that the second ring part 22 is arranged around a window of a building, or if the solar system is designed so that the ring 2 , preferably the second ring part 22 itself forms the frame for a window inserted therein or the support for a window frame with window inserted therein. The window can be a fixed (not openable) window or an openable window, in the case of an openable window, the window and the plate 1 are independently movable. In such an arrangement or design of the solar system, this can take over other tasks in addition to the conversion of solar energy into another form of energy.
  • Among other things, the plate can 1 then, if necessary, also be used as a shade dispenser, through which a solar radiation taking place via the window into the building interior and the associated heating of the building interior can be completely or partially prevented. The plate 1 this only has to be brought into a position in which it is located between the sun and the window. The solar panels supporting front 11 The plate is preferably facing the sun and aligned with the sun, that the sun's rays perpendicular to the front 11 to meet. The use of the plate 1 as a shadow donor is in 3 illustrated. Here, the reference numeral S denotes the sun, and the reference GI designates the interior of the building. Like from the 3 visible, the plate shadows 1 the window, so that no direct sunlight can get into the building interior. The shadow is in the 3 shown as a black area. The plate 1 can also be tracked when used as a shade of the sun so that the sun's rays perpendicular to the solar panels supporting the front 11 the plate 1 The solar system thus converts solar energy into another form of energy with maximum efficiency. The use of the plate 1 as a shadow donor, for example, proves to be advantageous if the prevailing inside the building temperature is higher than the desired temperature (for example, in the daytime with sunshine, 22 ° C internal temperature, and 35 ° C outside temperature).
  • The plate 1 can work in synergy with the ring 2 If necessary, can also be used as a thermal insulation element, by which over the window successful heat transfer into or out of the building interior can be completely or partially prevented. The plate 1 this only has to be done in one on the ring 2 resting position are brought so that the ring 2 through the plate 1 preferably completely covered. In the places where the plate 1 with the ring 2 come in contact, are at the plate 1 and / or on the ring 2 preferably provided felts and / or sealing strips and / or other sealing devices, so that the ring 2 through the plate 1 for example, how a freezer is hermetically sealed upwards through the freezer door. Due to the airtight closure of an optionally between the window, the ring 2 and the plate existing gap can escape from this and thus also from the building interior little or no heat. This effect is particularly pronounced if it is ensured that the ring 2 and / or the plate 1 are particularly well insulated. Particularly good thermal insulation properties of the ring 2 can be, for example through an education of the ring 2 achieve as sandwich composite. The same applies to the plate 1 , These may also have a multilayer structure, wherein at least one of the layers is formed by a particularly good heat-insulating material such as polyurethane foam, PU foam, foamed polystyrene (styrofoam), or any other good thermal insulation material. At the plate 1 For reasons of stability, the uppermost and lowermost layers preferably consist of metal plates, which are connected, for example by an adhesive bond, to the intermediate heat-insulating layer. The use of the plate 1 as a thermal insulation element is in 4 illustrated. Here, the reference numeral S denotes the sun, and the reference GI designates the interior of the building. The use of the plate 1 as a thermal insulation element proves to be advantageous, for example, when the temperature prevailing in the building interior is equal to the desired temperature or lower than the desired temperature, and neither the outside temperature nor sunlight can cause a temperature increase in the building interior (for example, at night at 20 ° C indoor temperature and -20 ° C outdoor temperature).
  • Furthermore, the plate can 1 if required, also be used as a light reflector, through which sunlight is reflected through the window into the building. The plate 1 must in this case be brought into a position in which the window between the sun and the plate 1 located and in which the plate 1 so lit up by the sun, that on the plate 1 striking sunbeams from the plate 1 through the window into the building interior. The use of the plate 1 as a light reflector is in 5 illustrated. Here, the reference numeral S denotes the sun, and the reference GI designates the interior of the building. The use of the plate 1 as a light reflector proves to be advantageous, for example, when the temperature prevailing in the building interior is not higher than the desired temperature and the sun shines (for example, in the daytime with sunshine, an internal temperature of 20 ° C, and an outside temperature of -15 ° C) ,
  • In a particularly advantageous further development of the invention, the plate 1 not always aligned in such a way that the solar elements provided on it make optimal use of solar energy. In particular, at times when the temperature in the building interior is lower than the desired temperature, it may prove beneficial, at least when the sun shines, on the panel 1 in a position in which their (preferably particularly good light reflection properties having) back 12 is irradiated by the sun, and the incident sunlight is reflected from there through the window into the building interior. As a result, a particularly efficient heating of the building interior can be achieved. Although in this case the ones on the front of the plate 1 arranged solar elements no longer directly from the sun and thus generate less energy, but this represents no disadvantage in the overall energy balance. The direct heating of the building through the window into the building passing sunlight is namely much more efficient than the successful by the solar panels conversion of Solar energy in another form of energy and the heating of the building using this other form of energy.
  • Especially in the latter case, ie if the back 12 the plate 1 As a light reflector is used, it proves to be advantageous if the back 12 the plate 1 and / or the inside of the second ring part 22 have a surface with good light reflection properties, so either a bright (preferably white) surface, or consist of reflective material, or coated with a reflective material, or are formed by a mirror, being used as a reflective materials metals such as aluminum or stainless steel can. In the example considered, the surfaces in question are formed by a highly reflective aluminum plate with a reflectance of about 94%, but this is not limited. For the sake of completeness it should be noted that there is no compelling need for the back 12 the plate 1 and / or the inside of the second ring part 22 to train as described. In particular, the inside of the second ring part 22 but also the back 12 the plate 1 can also consist of any other material (wood, plaster, plastic, etc.) and / or - especially for aesthetic reasons - also have any other colors.
  • The solar system described can also be used at night to convert the solar radiation reflected by the moon into another form of energy. This is in 6 illustrated. In this case, the reference numeral M denotes the moon, and the reference GI designates the interior of the building. Like the plate 1 the sun can be tracked so that the sun's rays perpendicular to the solar panels supporting the front 11 the plate 1 meet, the plate can also be tracked according to the moon, so that the reflected rays from the moon M perpendicular to the solar elements supporting the front 11 the plate 1 to meet. Especially in summer, when the temperature inside the building is higher than the desired temperature and the outside temperature is lower than in the building interior prevailing temperature, it may prove advantageous if at the same time the window is opened. This is also in the 6 shown; the opened window is designated by the reference symbol F. Of course, the window can also be opened during the day when the conditions mentioned are present.
  • Preferably, a control device is provided which determines how high the temperature prevailing in the building interior in relation to the desired temperature and depending on the determination result and possibly with additional consideration of the prevailing outside temperature and / or the intensity of solar radiation, the position of the plate 1 controls. This control device can work, for example,
    • - That when the temperature prevailing in the building interior is higher than the desired temperature, and the outside temperature is lower than the desired temperature, the plate 1 is positioned between the sun and the window, so that the sun's rays perpendicular to the solar panels carrying the front 11 the plate fall,
    • - That when the temperature prevailing in the building interior is higher than the desired temperature, and also the outside temperature is higher than the desired temperature, the plate 1 to the ring 2 is panned until the back 12 the plate 1 on the ring 2 to come to rest,
    • - That when the temperature prevailing in the building interior is equal to the desired temperature, the plate 1 is positioned between the sun and the window, so that the sun's rays perpendicular to the solar panels carrying the front 11 the plate 1 fall,
    • - That when the ruling in the building interior temperature is lower than the desired temperature, the plate is brought into a position in which the rear side 12 is irradiated by the sun, and the incident sunlight is reflected from there through the window into the building interior.
  • Regardless, it proves to be advantageous if sensors are present, which determine, for example, the wind speed and / or the wind direction, and the plate 1 at too high wind speed or unfavorable wind direction or other unfavorable weather conditions (amount of precipitation, type of precipitation) automatically wholly or partially to the ring 2 is pivoted.
  • The Solar system described above proves to be independent of the details of practical realization equal in multiple Regard as advantageous. Through them, the solar energy can with highest efficiency be used, and it is also good from damage protected by storms.
  • The arrangement of the described solar system around a window of a building around or the integration of a building window in the solar system has the further advantage that the window itself does not have optimal thermal insulation properties, yes, preferably even no optimal thermal insulation properties (poorer thermal insulation properties than the remaining windows of the house). This proves to be advantageous in two respects: on the one hand, windows with poorer thermal insulation properties are cheaper than windows with optimum thermal insulation properties, and on the other hand, if required, by a suitable position of the plate 1 a faster heating or cooling of the building done as it would be the case with a window with optimum thermal insulation. These benefits do not have to be bought by accepting disadvantages. In particular, too much heating or cooling of the house by swinging down the plate 1 on the ring 2 be prevented. In addition, the solar system (at on the ring 2 tilted plate 1 protect the window from damage by hail or the like.
  • 1
    plate
    11
    front
    12
    back
    2
    ring
    21
    first Ring part
    22
    second Ring part
    23
    third Ring part
    31
    telescopic rod
    32
    telescopic rod
    A1
    first axis
    A2
    second axis
    F
    window
    GI
    Building Interior
    M
    moon
    S
    Sun

Claims (42)

  1. Solar system for converting solar energy into another form of energy, with a plate ( 1 ), on whose front side ( 11 ) Solar elements for the conversion of solar energy in the other form of energy are arranged, characterized - that the plate ( 1 ) hinged with a ring ( 2 ) is connected so that the plate ( 1 ) about a first axis (A1) relative to the ring (A1) 2 ) is movable, one of the positions being the plate ( 1 ), is a position in which the plate ( 1 ) so far to the ring ( 2 ) is pivoted on the ring ( 2 ) on lies or is close to the ring ( 2 ) extends across it, and - that part ( 21 ) of the ring ( 2 ), with the plate ( 1 ), is a movable ring member which is movable relative to another, fixed ring member ( 22 ) is movable, so that the movable ring part ( 21 ) together with the plate ( 1 ) is rotatable about a second axis (A2).
  2. Solar installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the fixed ring part ( 22 ) is attached to the ground.
  3. Solar installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the fixed ring part ( 22 ) is mounted on the roof of a building.
  4. Solar installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the fixed ring part ( 22 ) is attached to a wall.
  5. Solar system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that first axis (A1) and the second axis (A2) with lateral offset perpendicular to each other.
  6. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first axis (A1) laterally outside of the ring ( 2 ) runs.
  7. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) in on the ring ( 2 ) lying condition without gaps on the ring ( 2 ) rests, so that between the plate ( 1 ) and the ring ( 2 ) can not pass air.
  8. Solar installation according to claim 7, characterized in that the sealing over on the plate ( 1 ) and / or on the ring ( 2 ) provided felts and / or sealing strips takes place.
  9. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) in on the ring ( 2 ) resting condition so on the ring ( 2 ) that the solar elements carrying the front side ( 11 ) of the plate ( 1 ) from the ring ( 2 ) facing away from the plate ( 1 ).
  10. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) in on the ring ( 2 ) resting condition so on the ring ( 2 ) that the solar elements carrying the front side ( 11 ) of the plate ( 1 ) on the ring ( 2 ) lying side of the plate ( 1 ).
  11. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) has good thermal insulation properties.
  12. Solar installation according to claim 11, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) has a multilayer structure, wherein at least one of the layers is formed by a good heat-insulating material.
  13. Solar system according to claim 12, characterized in that that this heat-insulating material through a polyurethane foam is formed.
  14. Solar system according to claim 12, characterized in that that this heat-insulating material through a PU foam is formed.
  15. Solar system according to claim 12, characterized in that that this heat-insulating material through foamed Polystyrene is formed.
  16. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that for pivoting the panel ( 1 ) is provided a pivoting mechanism, wherein the pivoting mechanism by at least one electrically, pneumatically, hydraulically, or manually extendable and collapsible telescopic rod ( 31 . 32 ) is formed, one end of which on the movable ring part ( 21 ), and the other end to the plate ( 1 ) is attached.
  17. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the front side ( 11 ) opposite back side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) and / or the inside of the ring ( 2 ) are formed so that they substantially completely reflect incident light thereon.
  18. Solar system according to claim 17, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) and / or the inside of the ring ( 2 ) have a bright or a reflective surface.
  19. Solar system according to claim 17, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) and / or the inside of the ring ( 2 ) are white.
  20. Solar system according to claim 17, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) and / or the inside of the ring ( 2 ) are made of metal or coated with metal.
  21. Solar system according to claim 17, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) and / or the inside of the ring ( 2 ) are made of aluminum or coated with aluminum.
  22. Solar system according to claim 17, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) and / or the inside of the ring ( 2 ) are made of stainless steel or coated with stainless steel.
  23. Solar system according to claim 17, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) and / or the inside of the ring ( 2 ) are formed by a mirror.
  24. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that for rotating the movable ring part ( 21 ) about the second axis (A2) is provided a drive device comprising a chain, and a chain engaging, electrically, pneumatically or hydraulically driven pinion.
  25. Solar installation according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the ring ( 2 ) has good thermal insulation properties.
  26. Solar installation according to Claim 25, characterized in that the ring ( 2 ) is formed by a sandwich composite.
  27. Solar system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that Solar elements by elements for the conversion of solar energy into electrical energy are formed.
  28. Solar system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that Solar elements by elements for the conversion of solar energy into thermal energy are formed.
  29. Solar installation according to Claim 3 or Claim 4, characterized in that the ring ( 2 ) is arranged around a provided in the wall or in the roof window around.
  30. Solar system according to claim 29, characterized in that the window is completely inside the ring ( 2 ) comes to rest.
  31. Solar installation according to claim 3 or claim 4, characterized in that on the ring ( 2 ) A window pane is attached.
  32. Solar installation according to claim 3 or claim 4, characterized in that on the ring ( 2 ) A window frame with window pane is attached.
  33. Solar installation according to one of Claims 29 to 32, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) can be used as a shadow donor, by which a solar radiation taking place over the window into the building interior and the associated heating of the building interior can be completely or partially prevented.
  34. Solar installation according to one of Claims 29 to 32, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) is used as a thermal insulation element, by means of which over the window heat transfer into or out of the building interior can be completely or partially prevented.
  35. Solar installation according to one of Claims 29 to 32, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) is usable as a light reflector, through which sunlight is reflected through the window into the building.
  36. Solar installation according to one of Claims 29 to 32, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) is usable as a light reflector, through which sunlight is reflected through the window into the building interior.
  37. Method for operating a solar system for converting solar energy into another form of energy, comprising a plate ( 1 ), on whose front side ( 11 ) Solar elements for conversion of solar energy into the other form of energy are arranged, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) - is used as a shadow donor, by which it can be completely or partially prevented that one on the plate ( 1 ) adjacent window of a building sun rays enter the building interior, and / or - is used as a thermal insulation element, which can be wholly or partially prevented that a to the plate ( 1 ) adjacent window of a building, a heat transfer takes place in or out of the building interior, and / or - is used as a light reflector through which a to the plate ( 1 ) adjacent window of a building through sunlight is reflected into the building interior.
  38. Method according to claim 37, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) is a movable plate and whose position depends on that of the plate ( 1 ) is set to be performed.
  39. Method according to claim 37, characterized in that that as Solar system a solar system according to a the claims 1 to 36 is used.
  40. Method according to claim 37, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) is used as a light reflector.
  41. Method according to claim 37, characterized in that the plate ( 1 ) is brought into a position in which the rear side ( 12 ) is irradiated by the sun, and the sunlight incident thereon is reflected from there via the window into the building interior.
  42. Method according to claim 37, characterized in that the rear side ( 12 ) of the plate ( 1 ) is used as a light reflector when the temperature prevailing in the building interior is lower than the desired temperature.
DE102007033962A 2007-07-19 2007-07-19 Solar system for building roof, has movable ring part connected with plate and moved relative to fixed ring part such that movable ring part is rotated together with plate around axle Withdrawn DE102007033962A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007033962A DE102007033962A1 (en) 2007-07-19 2007-07-19 Solar system for building roof, has movable ring part connected with plate and moved relative to fixed ring part such that movable ring part is rotated together with plate around axle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007033962A DE102007033962A1 (en) 2007-07-19 2007-07-19 Solar system for building roof, has movable ring part connected with plate and moved relative to fixed ring part such that movable ring part is rotated together with plate around axle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE102007033962A1 true DE102007033962A1 (en) 2009-01-22

Family

ID=40149051

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE102007033962A Withdrawn DE102007033962A1 (en) 2007-07-19 2007-07-19 Solar system for building roof, has movable ring part connected with plate and moved relative to fixed ring part such that movable ring part is rotated together with plate around axle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE102007033962A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009037333A1 (en) * 2009-08-14 2011-03-17 Udo Meerts Device for attaching photovoltaic or solar collector system on body, comprises roof structure, which is fastened on body, and mounting surface for attachment of photovoltaic or solar collector system
DE102012010467A1 (en) * 2012-05-26 2013-11-28 Klaus Reiner Solar thermal energy conversion device used in tower solar plant, has concave mirror that is pivoted around pivotal axis, and plane mirror and concave mirror that are located to face rotary major portion at specific degree
EP3184951B1 (en) 2015-12-21 2018-11-14 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG Collapsible periscope and vision device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3403920A1 (en) * 1984-02-04 1986-01-02 Manfred Nauerz Blind for window or door openings of constructions
US4649899A (en) * 1985-07-24 1987-03-17 Moore Roy A Solar tracker
DE8816407U1 (en) * 1988-05-30 1989-08-17 Pagel, Uwe, Dipl.-Ing., 3300 Braunschweig, De
WO2001090662A2 (en) * 2000-05-22 2001-11-29 Noehrig Andreas Concentrating solar energy system
DE10301550A1 (en) * 2003-01-16 2004-07-29 Löseke & Marx GmbH & Co. KG Solar unit for tracking the state of the sun has a solar module device to swivel on a swivel pin, an adjusting device on a frame to track the sun's condition and a mechanical transmission unit
WO2005111517A1 (en) * 2004-04-23 2005-11-24 Solaria Systems Sarl Air-conditioning device using solar energy to heat or cool an enclosed space

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3403920A1 (en) * 1984-02-04 1986-01-02 Manfred Nauerz Blind for window or door openings of constructions
US4649899A (en) * 1985-07-24 1987-03-17 Moore Roy A Solar tracker
DE8816407U1 (en) * 1988-05-30 1989-08-17 Pagel, Uwe, Dipl.-Ing., 3300 Braunschweig, De
WO2001090662A2 (en) * 2000-05-22 2001-11-29 Noehrig Andreas Concentrating solar energy system
DE10301550A1 (en) * 2003-01-16 2004-07-29 Löseke & Marx GmbH & Co. KG Solar unit for tracking the state of the sun has a solar module device to swivel on a swivel pin, an adjusting device on a frame to track the sun's condition and a mechanical transmission unit
WO2005111517A1 (en) * 2004-04-23 2005-11-24 Solaria Systems Sarl Air-conditioning device using solar energy to heat or cool an enclosed space

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009037333A1 (en) * 2009-08-14 2011-03-17 Udo Meerts Device for attaching photovoltaic or solar collector system on body, comprises roof structure, which is fastened on body, and mounting surface for attachment of photovoltaic or solar collector system
DE102012010467A1 (en) * 2012-05-26 2013-11-28 Klaus Reiner Solar thermal energy conversion device used in tower solar plant, has concave mirror that is pivoted around pivotal axis, and plane mirror and concave mirror that are located to face rotary major portion at specific degree
DE102012010467B4 (en) * 2012-05-26 2014-01-16 Klaus Reiner Rotatable solar thermal energy conversion device
EP3184951B1 (en) 2015-12-21 2018-11-14 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG Collapsible periscope and vision device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10584900B2 (en) Concentrating solar power with glasshouses
US20190377157A1 (en) Concentrating solar power with glasshouses
US9847749B2 (en) Pool solar power generator
JP5829708B2 (en) Solar energy conversion
US8664511B2 (en) Solar module
US8613170B2 (en) Solar roof tile with solar and photovoltaic production of hot water and electrical energy
US8056555B2 (en) Thin film trough solar collector
US8707948B2 (en) Non-tracking solar collector device
US4301787A (en) Solar heat collector
US7227077B2 (en) Light element with a translucent surface
JP5607661B2 (en) Method and system for solar panel optimization and protection
Roberts et al. Building integrated photovoltaics: a handbook
US6178707B1 (en) Small skylight with non-tracking solar collector
Scartezzini et al. Anidolic daylighting systems
US4715358A (en) Automatic control of incident solar flux
US6691701B1 (en) Modular solar radiation collection and distribution system
JP3091001U (en) Solar power generator
US8689490B2 (en) Reflective energy management system
US20100067114A1 (en) Direct Beam Solar Light System
US9027292B2 (en) Passive collimating skylight
KR100375113B1 (en) A roof having an integral solar energy concentrating system
US9359768B2 (en) Adjustable all-season window awning/light shelf and operating mechanism therefor
US7339739B1 (en) Active daylighting and active solar heating system and method
EP2926063A1 (en) Tracking device comprising a receiving structure which can be adjusted about at least one axis, for mounting at least one element that is sensitive to electromagnetic waves and has a preferential radiation direction
RU2501206C2 (en) Greenhouse

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
OM8 Search report available as to paragraph 43 lit. 1 sentence 1 patent law
8110 Request for examination paragraph 44
8139 Disposal/non-payment of the annual fee
R119 Application deemed withdrawn, or ip right lapsed, due to non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20110201