The invention relates to a milking parlor for treating and in particular
for milking animals, such. Cows, sheep, goats,
Buffalos, llamas, camels, dromedaries, yaks, elks, horses
For example, the invention can be applied to the automated milking of animals
be used. The use is especially in milking parlors
possible in which a semi-automatic treatment and / or milking
the teats are done. Treating the teats may be before or also
done after milking.
Milking is usually done by machine today, so a teat cup
attached to the teat of the animal to be milked and then
the milk is extracted mechanically.
Milking animals are various devices and procedures
known from the prior art. Usually these days
Teat cups used according to the two-room principle, in which a
central teat space is surrounded by a pulse space. The central one
Teat room is connected to a milk pipe and is under a
set certain vacuum.
Pulse space is pulsed via a pulsator
Pressure gradient applied, the so-called pulsation. This will be
the pulse space periodically subjected to two different pressure phases,
a negative pressure phase and a pressure phase often atmospheric
Pressure, but also over pressure or light
May have negative pressure.
the pulsation becomes a periodic opening and closing
reached the arranged in the teat cup teat rubber, the milk flow
encouraged and the teat periodically relieved.
Milking devices in which a manual attachment of the teat cups
is done to the teats, fully automatic systems have become known
in addition to the automatic milking and the attachment of the teat cup
From the DE 36 50 637 T2
is a fully automatic system for milking is known in which the attachment of the milking equipment to the udder takes place automatically. Here, the milking equipment is attached from below through the bottom of the stand. A large-scale holder carries the milking cluster and also a bowl-shaped basin for cleaning the udder. Both are in the attached state above the milking parlor floor and are rotatably received by 180 ° about an axis of rotation arranged above the milking parlor floor.
This indicates the system in the DE 36 50 637 T2
Above the stand a variety of components that are exposed to nervous or bats a significant risk of damage. Thus, in such an embodiment, the individual components exposed to the movements of the animal must be made very stable in order to permanently withstand the possible loads. It should be noted in particular that the weight of cows can be up to 600 kg or more. In addition, the animals themselves can be significantly injured by the above the standing surface arranged components. Therefore, this known system has disadvantages.
considerable disadvantage when automatically fitting teat cups
is also the high technical and financial effort
for a reliable teat locating and tying system.
Furthermore, with such systems even today the Ansetzzeit
considerably longer than the preparation by hand. An advantage
when manually setting is, however, that the milker at each
Milking process the animal and the udder takes and so changes or
Detects diseases early.
The present invention is therefore based on the object of a milking stall
and a method for milking animals available
make, where this milking place in a working position milking
allows the animals and arranges the milking cluster in a resting position,
that it is both protected against soiling, as well
before movements of the cows. Next to the teat cups
in a favorable for the milker Anreichposition
be brought. In this case, the milking parlor according to the invention should continue
to be as safe as possible in dealing and in particular to
Injuries to animals are avoided.
is according to the invention by a milking parlor
Claim 1 and by a method for milking animals according to claim
14 reached. Advantageous embodiments and developments are
Subject of the dependent claims.
Milking parlor according to the invention for treating animals
and in particular for milking animals has a bottom surface
on, as well as at least one treatment device, which through an opening
this floor surface is feasible. It points
this treatment device at least one teat cup for treating
at least one of the animal's teat. The treatment facility
is in a work above the floor surface arranged working position
and in a below the bottom surface arranged rest position
According to the invention
the milking parlor at least one to a predetermined, below the
Floor surface arranged and from the floor surface after
downwardly spaced pivot axis pivotable rotating device, which
includes at least one closing segment, said closing segment
in the rest position, the opening substantially completely
closes. Preferably, the axis of rotation is substantially
arranged parallel to the bottom surface.
can provide two or more treatment facilities
each of which has one, two or more teatcups.
Also possible is a treatment facility with, for example
four teat cups if the device is for milking, for example
used by cows. There are also two possible
Treatment facilities with, for example, two teat cups.
the arrangement of the closing segment on the turning device,
which about the axis of rotation spaced from the bottom surface
can pivot, can by pivoting the rotating device or the
Closing segment is a substantially complete one
Closure of the opening can be achieved. Thereby
on the one hand, the risk of injury to the respective
minimized and on the other hand minimized animals to be treated or milked
also prevents dirt or the like in the locked
Condition can pass through the opening.
when the teat cups are used to milk the animal is at each
Teat cup preferably a derivative in the form z. B. a short or
a long milk tube arranged to carry away the milked milk.
In other embodiments may also be a teat cup or it may
serve several or all teat cups for other treatment purposes,
such as B. for pre- or post-treatment in milking or other care treatments.
Then different supply and / or discharges can be provided
be added to chemicals, care or detergent and / or
is in particular at the turning means at least one about the axis of rotation
arranged cover segment provided. Between the closing segment
and cover segment is in particular an opening segment
provided, which has such an opening, that
in the corresponding rotational position, the opening in the opening segment
the opening in the milking parlor floor releases or at least
essentially releases, so that a treatment facility feasible
is a total of a gap-shaped opening in the
Milking parlor floor allows. This slit-shaped opening
runs preferably in that direction, in
the plurality or a plurality of teat cups or treatment devices
arranged one behind the other. Preferably, the opening segment extends
in the longitudinal direction of the animal to be treated. this will
explained in more detail with reference to the figures
comprises at least one rotating device to the cover segment
adjacent sliding segment with an opening disposed thereon,
wherein the sliding segment or its opening in a rotational position
a lateral area of the opening in the milking parlor floor
releases while the cover segment the center of the opening
covered in the milking parlor floor. Preferably, in this rotational position
at the other lateral area a slot-shaped opening
provided by a sliding area of the openings
the opening segment is formed.
are the cover segment and the closing segment with each other
coupled or mechanically connected to each other and through the opening segment
separated from each other so that they work together around the above mentioned
Pivot the axis of rotation. In this way it is possible
only release a gap in a certain pivoting position,
which is just big enough to feed the teat cups
or the treatment facilities to pass and
thus, a movement of the teat cups to the animals or cows
towards or away from the animals or cows.
allows a particularly advantageous design, as in
this position, which preferably corresponds to the treatment position,
the substantial part of the opening in the milking parlor floor
the cover segment is closed while on both sides
narrow column remain, through the z. B. milk hoses
or through other inlets and outlets to the teat cups
the milking parlor has two turning devices, the opposite
with respect to each other about the rotation axis D are pivotable. By
this contradiction can be achieved that the
Rotary devices associated treatment facilities also in opposite directions
project obliquely out of the opening and thus
a comfortable setting to be treated or milked
Udder can be achieved. It will allow two teat cups
for the longitudinal direction of the cow to be treated
left udder half and two teat cups for the
in the longitudinal direction of the cow to be treated right udder half
to provide comfortably.
By the opposite movement of the two rotating devices is achieved that in Be action position, the center of the opening in the milking parlor floor is covered by the cover, while z. B. can each move two teat cups in the side slots. Each slot is thereby formed by a sliding region of the opening of an opening segment of a rotating device and through the opening of the sliding segment of the other rotating device, so that the teat cups can move almost over the length of both rotating devices.
Another preferred embodiment has at least
a rotating device and in particular also at least one closing segment
a curved surface. Here is this surface
preferably curved such that substantially all
Areas of the surface the same distance to the axis of rotation
have as z. B. in a cylinder-segment-shaped
Shape is the case. In this way, a particularly advantageous closure
the opening in the rest position possible. Besides
the curvature makes entering the closing segments
complicated by the animals.
a further advantageous embodiment are at the
Bottom of the floor area flushing devices for
the teat cups provided to a intermediate cleaning in place (Clean-In-Place or
CIP). To carry out the cleaning
The teat cups can be moved from the resting position to these rinsing devices
in the form of z. B. Rinse adapters are approached. Possible
but it is also that the flushing devices to the teat cups
be moved when the teat cups are in the rest position.
By the arrangement of rinsing devices at the bottom
The surface of the teat cups are dirty
well protected. In addition, in a mechanically advantageous manner
a rinsing of the teat cups possible.
a further advantageous embodiment, the
Rotary devices and thus also the closing segments or
the closing segments actuated by lifting cylinder.
In this embodiment, these lift cylinders cause a pivoting movement
the closing segments and preferably also the individual treatment facilities. It
However, it is also possible, instead of lifting cylinders pneumatic
or electric or hydraulic drives or motors or also
provide other drive elements.
The treatment facilities are also one and preferably
pivotable about the above-mentioned axis of rotation. With that you can
the treatment facilities in each case together with the closing segments
pivoted or rotated. For this purpose, the treatment facilities with
the closing segments on a common to the mentioned
Rotary axis pivotable carrier can be arranged. Preferably
is the pivoting movement of the closing segments and the pivoting movement
the treatment device mechanically coupled together.
a further advantageous embodiment are two
Teat cup of a first treatment device of a first rotating device and
two teat cups of a second treatment device of a second
Rotary device assigned. In this case, the closure device for
the milking parlor according to the invention two in opposite directions
each rotating or pivoting rotating means with each
associated with closing segments to those mentioned above
Rotary axis are pivotally mounted. With the turning devices are
also the respective treatment facilities in opposite directions
pivoted to each other.
The first two teat cups are one in the longitudinal direction
animal side udder half and the two
second teat cup assigned to the other udder half.
For example, the two first teat cups may be the left and the two
associated with two second teat cups of the right udder half
closes in a first rotational position of the rotating device
the closing segment the opening in the milking parlor floor.
In a subsequent second rotational position
the rotating device gives the opening segment the opening
essentially free in the milking parlor floor. In a third rotational position
the cover segment covers the center of the opening in the milking parlor floor
while one right and one left longitudinal slot
stay free at the opening in the milking parlor floor.
is the one longitudinal slot through the opening of the
Sliding segment of a rotating device and through the at the opening
the opening segment formed sliding region of the other
Rotary device formed and it becomes the other longitudinal slot
through the opening of the sliding segment of the other rotating device
and through the at the opening of the opening segment
formed sliding region of a rotating device formed
it is possible that the two turning devices whose
Movements work together, these movements are independent
from each other.
In another preferred embodiment, the turning means
and also the closing segments in the longitudinal direction
a different length. It would be, however
also possible, the length of these closing segments
to execute immediately.
the method according to the invention for treating
and in particular for the milking of animals, in a first method step
an opening provided in a bottom surface of the milking parlor is opened.
In a further step, at least one treatment device
guided through the opening into a working position,
wherein this treatment device at least one teat cup
for treating a teat of the animal. In another
Process step will be a treatment process using this at least
a treatment facility performed. At another
Process step is the at least one treatment device
returned to a rest position below the bottom surface.
According to the invention
the opening after performing the treatment device
and partially before returning the treatment device
the partial closing of the opening takes place in such a way
that only the supply line or the milk hose through the
remaining opening fits through. This way will
achieved, on the one hand, the teat cups to the working position
on the other hand, however, the
Reduced risk of injury to the animals.
is the treatment device and in particular at least one
Teat cup completely through the opening
pushed. That means, as stated above, that way the opening
can be reduced so that only the milk hose
fits through them.
the opening is made by pivoting at least one around one
predetermined, arranged below the bottom surface and
from the bottom surface spaced rotation axis pivotable closing segment
opened and preferably closed. Becomes advantageous
for the inventive method a
Device of the type described above used.
In a further advantageous variant, the treatment device
after milking by a below the bottom surface arranged
Rinsing device cleaned and during this cleaning process
the opening is preferably substantially complete
closed. In any case, the area is preferred over
the rinsing device during the rinsing process
advantageous embodiments will be apparent from the
Embodiment, now with reference to
the attached figures will be explained.
show the figures:
1a a milking parlor according to the invention in a first operating state;
1b the milking parlor 1a in a second operating state;
1c the milking parlor 1a in a third operating condition;
1d the milking parlor 1a in a fourth operating condition;
1e the milking parlor 1a in a fifth operating state;
2a the turning device of the milking parlor in a highly schematic side view in the closed position; and
2 B the turning device after 2a in a highly schematic side view in the treatment position.
1a shows the milking parlor according to the invention 1 in a first operating state. In this case, the reference numeral refers 2 on a floor surface of the milking parlor 1 on which an animal to be treated, and in particular an animal to be milked, for example a cow, stands during treatment or milking.
The reference numerals 11 and 12 refer to two turning devices, each one closing segment 14 respectively. 14a have, with which an opening 3 in the floor area 2 (see. 1b ) is substantially completely closed.
In 1a the milking parlor is shown in a resting position. In this rest position are located below the bottom surface, a first treatment device lifting device or teat cup lifting device 7 and a second teat cup lifting device 9 , which serve to lift the individual teat cups and the teat cups. In 1a is only a teat cup 8th of a total of four teat cups 4 . 8th recognizable.
The reference number 22 denotes a frame of the device according to the invention. The closing segments 14 . 14a can be pivoted by rotation about a rotation axis D and thus the opening 3 partially or completely free. This rotation is done by means of a lifting cylinder 30 reached, over a joint 32 a linkage 31 drives and this in turn a rotation of the turning means 11 and 12 and thus the closing segments 14 . 14a causes.
The axis of rotation D is preferably via a (not shown) frame or corresponding carrier at a fixed distance to the bottom surface 2 arranged.
At the in 1a The embodiment shown is the closing segment 14a in the longitudinal direction L (length L2) longer than the closing segment 14 (Length L1). However, it would also be possible here to execute the two closing segments of the same length.
The axis of rotation D is in the embodiment shown in the figures centrally below the opening 3 arranged. The below the floor area 2 arranged axis of rotation D offers significant advantages, since the pivotable locking segments 14 . 14a at no time above the floor surface 2 are arranged in the range of movement of the animal and thus lead to no risk of injury to the animal.
1b shows the situation in which the opening 3 the floor area 2 is completely open. This opening is achieved by the lifting cylinder 30 a piston or a linkage 33 extends and thus a pivoting movement of the rotating device 11 cause about the rotation axis D. A second - not visible here - lifting cylinder 30 can also be a piston or a linkage 33 extend and thus an opposite pivotal movement of the rotating device 12 cause about the rotation axis D.
Instead of two lifting cylinders 30 can only be a lifting cylinder 30 be provided, the opposite rotations of both rotator 11 and 12 effected about the rotation axis D.
The reference number 34 refers to pulleys for the (not shown in detail) milking hoses. Simultaneously with the turning devices 11 and 12 also pivot the individual teat cup lifting devices 7 . 9 so they, like in 1c shown are aligned substantially equal to each other. The teat cup lifting devices are also designed here as a lifting cylinder, which apply the teat cups for manual preparation by the milker in a convenient for the milker Anreichposition.
In the 2a is a highly schematic cross-section of the rotating device 11 shown to the individual segments 14 to 19 the turning device 11 to show and to clarify the sequence of movements in the following. The turning device 12 is fundamentally the same but built-in rotated by 180 ° and has segments or parts 14a to 19a ,
The opening 3 is in the in 2a illustrated rest position 26 through the closing segment 14 locked. To the closing segment 14 along the arcuate in cross-section rotating device 11 the opening segment 15 with a sufficiently large opening for passing a teat cup and then the cover segment 16 , On the cover segment 16 follows a sliding segment 17 , which has a narrow opening or is formed as such, which is eventually the edge segment 18 followed. The edge segment 18 can also be wider than in 2a shown to the opening in the milking parlor floor in a corresponding rotational position 3 completely closed, for example in a cleaning position.
In 2 B is the turning device 12 in the treatment position 27 shown in a very schematic way. For this purpose, the rotating device about the rotation axis D by a rotation angle 28 pivoted, creating part of the opening segment 15 , which is here as sliding area 19 is designated, on one side a gap or longitudinal slot 23 next to the cover segment 16 leaves free, while on the other side a gap or longitudinal slot 24 next to the cover segment 16 through the opening of the sliding segment 17 remains free.
The following is with reference to the 1a - 1e the method according to the invention for treating animals with reference to the milking of animals is explained.
Before milking is the opening 3 closed, as in 1a shown.
Subsequently, by turning the two turning devices 11 and 12 the closing segments 14 and 14a Turned until the opening segments 15 and 15a in the middle of a slot or in 1b shown opening 3 virtually completely released.
Simultaneously with this rotation of the turning devices 11 and 12 Also, the two teat cup lifting devices 7 and 9 aligned so that the teat cups 4 and 8th , as in 1c shown, can be lifted through the openings.
Here are in the in 1c process situation shown, the four teat cups aligned with respect to their orientation. More specifically, the four teat cups preferably protrude 4 . 8th substantially perpendicular or slightly opposite the vertical direction with respect to the bottom surface inclined from the bottom surface 2 out. Also, as in 1c shown here the teat cup running as a teat cup 4 . 8th completely above the floor area 2 spent.
In a further process step, which in 1d is illustrated, the two turning devices 11 and 12 in opposite direction to the Drehach se D moves so that in each case two narrow longitudinal slots 23 and 24 arise. One recognizes that equally the two teat cups 4 and the teat cups 8th each to the opposite edges of the opening 3 be created.
The resulting narrow slits 23 and 24 are chosen so that the respective milk tubes 6 and 10 fit through them and that it is possible the teat cups 4 . 8th opposite the floor surface 2 to move. In this way, it is simply possible for the milker to attach the individual teat cups to the front and rear teats, leaving enough room for movement for the teat cups after piecing.
In particular, the teat cups applied to the left udder half of the animal may 8th and also the teat cups applied to the right udder half of the animal 4 over the entire length of the longitudinal slots 23 and 24 Move so that bending moments on the milk tubes 6 and 10 be avoided.
To cover the central opening area are cover segments 16 . 16a provided here together with the two rotating devices 11 and 12 to pan.
Between the cover segment 16 and the closing segment 14 or the cover segment 16a and the closing segment 14a become the respective opening segments 15 and 15a provided here have enough large openings to carry the teat cups 4 . 8th provide.
In the in 1d shown treatment position is the longitudinal slot 23 at the one turning device 11 through the opening of the sliding segment 17 and at the other turning device 12 through one in the opening of the opening segment 15a formed sliding area 19a continued, so that the milk tubes 6 along the in the sliding segment 17 and the through the sliding area 19a can move formed coherent opening. Similarly, the other slot 24 through the opening in the sliding segment 17a and at the other turning device 12 through the sliding area 19 the opening of the opening segment 15a educated. The sliding areas 19 and 19a the opening segments 15 and 15a and the sliding segments 17 and 17a each provide openings through which the milk tubes run and in which they are guided.
The width of the longitudinal slots is dimensioned so that the milk tubes 6 . 10 be able to move well in it to avoid leverage induced by cow movements.
Thus pivots in this embodiment shown, the closing segment 14 even further in the same pivoting direction, which is also due to the working position of the lifting cylinder 30 (see. 1d ) is shown. However, it would be possible in other embodiments, in other ways, the slots 23 . 24 to generate, for example, by a predetermined reverse pivotal movement of the closing segments 14 . 14a in which case these resulting slots would not extend over the entire length L = L1 + L2.
Starting from the in 1d As shown, the teatcups can be attached to the udder (not shown). During milking, the tubes may be in the slots 23 . 24 move freely along the animal to be milked. In this way, it is achieved that substantially no leverage forces act on the teats through the hoses, which could lead to a drop of the teat cups.
At milking end, when the milk flow subsides, the teat cups are withdrawn from the teats and returned to the in 1d shown position spent. This happens preferably so fast that the teat cups 4 . 8th the floor area 2 Do not touch, which is supported by the certain stiffness of the milk tubes.
Subsequently, the device is returned to the in 1c respectively. 1b shown situation or the closing segments are again in the in the 1b and 1c shown position spent.
After each milking or after a certain number of milking operations, as in 1e shown, the teat cups rinsed and / or cleaned and / or disinfected. For this purpose, the closing segments 14 and 14a in the in 1 shown position, so that the opening 3 is completely closed. Subsequently, with the teat cup lifting devices 7 and 9 the individual teat cups 4 . 8th in the respective Spülaufnahmen 21 pressed and cleaned there.
Alternatively, the rotators may be further rotated until they reach a rinse position in which the teat cups 4 . 8th in the respective Spülaufnahmen 21 pressed and cleaned there.
During the actual milking process, the closing segments in particular cover 14 and 14a the rinse pictures 21 so that in the rinsing pauses no pests or dirt can get into the respective Spülaufnahme. The flushing or purging devices 21 are at a bottom 2a the floor area 2 arranged.
The device according to the invention thus offers the advantage that no closure elements for the opening 3 above the ground surface 2 are arranged and insofar as there is no risk of injury to the animals.
Furthermore, during the actual milking process only two narrow longitudinal slots 23 and 24 opened (cf. 1d ), through which only the milk tubes are led. These slots 23 . 24 are not wider than the slits of a slatted floor, so that it is ensured that it does not cause claw injuries of the animals.
On the other hand, through the longitudinal slots 23 . 24 or ensured by its width, that the hoses go along with movements of the cow and no leverage forces are exerted on the teats, which could lead to a drop in the teat cups.
As in 1c shown, all teat cups are before the start of milking 4 . 8th centered under the animal (not shown) so as to minimize the risk of clawing the animal on the area of the opening 3 stand.
Furthermore, by the slightly opposite the bottom surface protruding curved portion of the two closing segments 14 . 14a prevents the claws of the animals from standing in this area. As stated above, these are closing segments 14 . 14a preferably curved, wherein the radius of curvature particularly preferably corresponds substantially to the radius of the pivoting movement about the axis of rotation D.
By the rotational movement are to open and close the opening 3 or for the movement of the rotating means with the closing segments 14 and 14a comparatively low forces necessary.
It can be provided sealing elements, in particular rubber elements, which is a particularly efficient sealing of the opening 3 cause. Also can at the edges of the mouth 3 be provided corresponding sealing elements.
The flushing position of the teat cups 4 . 8th is easy to integrate and also the purging devices 21 can in light and otherwise difficult to access for contaminants, especially at the bottom of the bottom surface 2 to be ordered. Furthermore, as stated above, by the closing segments 14 . 14a the Spülaufnahmen covered in the rinsing breaks, so that during this time no contamination in the Spülaufnahmen 21 can reach.
opposite rotation of the individual Spülgmente offers
in particular the advantage that the flushing elements in terms
their directions to the geometries of the udder of an animal to be milked,
especially a cow to be milked, can be adjusted.
Features disclosed in the application documents are considered to be essential to the invention
as far as they are individually or in combination
the prior art are new.
- floor area
- teat cup
- Milk tubes,
- Teat cup lifter
- closing segments
- opening segments
- covering segments
- sliding segments
- edge segments
- sliding areas
- longitudinal slot
- longitudinal slot
- lifting cylinder
- idler pulley
- axis of rotation
- longitudinal direction
- part lengths
the closing segments
QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
The documents listed by the applicant have been automated
generated and is solely for better information
recorded by the reader. The list is not part of the German
Patent or utility model application. The DPMA takes over
no liability for any errors or omissions.
Cited patent literature
- - DE 3650637 T2 [0008, 0009]