DE102006060638A1 - Dynamic anchoring adhesive, especially for fixing anchor bars in rock for mining and tunnel-building, comprises a one- or two-component system chemically adjusted to eliminate shrinkage on hardening - Google Patents

Dynamic anchoring adhesive, especially for fixing anchor bars in rock for mining and tunnel-building, comprises a one- or two-component system chemically adjusted to eliminate shrinkage on hardening Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102006060638A1
DE102006060638A1 DE200610060638 DE102006060638A DE102006060638A1 DE 102006060638 A1 DE102006060638 A1 DE 102006060638A1 DE 200610060638 DE200610060638 DE 200610060638 DE 102006060638 A DE102006060638 A DE 102006060638A DE 102006060638 A1 DE102006060638 A1 DE 102006060638A1
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
adhesive
anchor
hardening
rock
component
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
DE200610060638
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German (de)
Inventor
Dithmar Berwald
Elnar Berwald
Werner P. Dipl.-Ing. Berwald
Manfred Dipl.-Ing. Brüggemann
Uli Dipl.-Ing. Geldermann
Harald Dipl.-Ing. Rösemann
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Uli Dipl.-Ing. Geldermann
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Priority to DE102006058458A priority Critical patent/DE102006058458A1/en
Application filed by Uli Dipl.-Ing. Geldermann filed Critical Uli Dipl.-Ing. Geldermann
Priority to DE200610060638 priority patent/DE102006060638A1/en
Publication of DE102006060638A1 publication Critical patent/DE102006060638A1/en
Ceased legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIAL AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J9/00Adhesives characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced, e.g. glue sticks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B13/00Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose
    • F16B13/14Non-metallic plugs or sleeves; Use of liquid, loose solid or kneadable material therefor

Abstract

Dynamic anchoring adhesive in the form of a one- or two-component system (I), which is chemically adjusted in its hardening activity so that no loss in volume occurs. An independent claim is included for a dynamic anchoring adhesive showing a controlled increase in volume on chemical hardening.

Description

  • Die Erfindung betrifft einen dynamischen Ankeraktivkleber für den Berg- und Tunnelbau, der nach der Vermischung des Klebers mit dem Härter kein Volumen verliert, sondern chemisch in der Aushärtungsphase so eingestellt wird, dass sich dabei eine gesteuerte Volumenzunahme einstellt, mit der ein Gebirgsanker ohne Vorspannung durch mechanische Mittel, für dynamische Belastungen festgelegt wird.The The invention relates to a dynamic anchor active adhesive for the mining and tunneling, which after mixing the adhesive with the hardener loses no volume, but chemically in the Curing phase is adjusted so that there is a controlled Volume increase sets with which a rock anchor without bias determined by mechanical means, for dynamic loads.
  • Die bisher bekannten Klebersysteme für Gebirgsanker, haben den Nachteil, dass diese im chemischen Aushärteprozess um ein bestimmtes Volumen schrumpfen und dadurch dynamisch belastete Ankersysteme einer mechanischen Einrichtung bedürfen, mit der eine Vorspannung mit mechanischen Mitteln, im Vollstabanker oder Ankerrohr erzeugt wird.The previously known adhesive systems for rock anchors, have the disadvantage that these in the chemical curing process Shrink by a certain volume and thereby loaded dynamically Anchor systems require a mechanical device, with the one bias with mechanical means, in the solid rod or anchor tube is generated.
  • Des weiteren wird mit dem nachteiligen Schrumpfprozess bei der Kleberaushärtung die Gewölbebildung durch ein Ankersystem nicht unterstützt, sondern verlangt zur Erreichung der erforderlichen Sicherheit ein höhere Ankerdichte/m2.Of Another becomes with the adverse shrinkage process in the adhesive curing does not support the vaulting by an anchor system, but requires to achieve the required security higher anchor density / m2.
  • Verbundanker mit chemischen Klebern sind, als Injektionsanker mit/ohne Klebermagazin zur Stabilisierung von Räumen im Berg- und Tunnelbau, im Tief- und Tagebau von Fels- und Stützwänden bekannt und in den Schriften DE 103 36 043 A1 , DE 103 36 040 A1 , DE 103 21 175 B3 , DE 103 01 968 A1 , DE 100 17 763 A1 , DE 100 17 751 A1 , 100 17 750 A1 , DE 299 00 432 U1 , US 4,055,051 , DE 31 00 730 A1 , 10 2006 002 215.7 und 10 2005 004 364.2 eingehend beschrieben.Composite anchors with chemical adhesives are known as injection anchors with / without adhesive magazine for the stabilization of spaces in mining and tunneling, in the underground and open pit of rock and retaining walls and in the writings DE 103 36 043 A1 . DE 103 36 040 A1 . DE 103 21 175 B3 . DE 103 01 968 A1 . DE 100 17 763 A1 . DE 100 17 751 A1 . 100 17 750 A1 . DE 299 00 432 U1 . US 4,055,051 . DE 31 00 730 A1 . 10 2006 002 215.7 and 10 2005 004 364.2 described in detail.
  • Mit diesen hier aufgeführten Verbundankern wird die Ankerbohrung je nach Gesteinshärte im Nass- oder Trockenbohrverfahren mit drehenden Bohrverfahren, mit einer im Bohrloch verbleibenden verlorenen Bohrkrone hergestellt.With These anchor anchors listed here become the anchor hole depending on rock hardness in wet or dry drilling process with rotary drilling, with one remaining lost in the borehole Drill bit made.
  • Die Unterscheidungsmerkmale der verschiedenen Verfahren wie Vollstabanker unter Anwendung des Patronenverfahrens, Vollstabanker mit Füllmörtel, selbstbohrende Verbundanker mit integriertem Klebermagazin, Hohlstabinjektionsanker oder der Zweiphasen Patronen – Mischanker, werden in der Anwendung hier nicht weiter dargestellt.The Distinguishing features of various methods such as solid bar anchors using the cartridge method, solid bar anchor with filling mortar, Self-drilling composite anchor with integrated adhesive magazine, hollow rod injection anchor or the two-phase cartridges - mixing anchors, are in use not shown here.
  • Ziel des Erfindungsgegenstandes ist es, einen dynamischen Ankeraktivkleber für Voll- oder Hohlstabverbundanker in ausgebildeten Kleberpatronen oder pumpfähigen Gebinden bereit zu stellen, mit dem eine bessere Unterstützung zur Gewölbebildung im Berg- und Tunnelbau erreicht wird und die Ankerdichte gesenkt werden kann.aim the subject of the invention is a dynamic anchor adhesive for solid or hollow bar composite anchors in trained glue cartridges or pumpable containers to provide with the one better support for vaulting in the mountains and tunneling is achieved and the anchor density can be lowered.
  • Mit der Anwendung des dynamischen Ankeraktivklebers wird eine wesentliche Minimierung der Einbauzeit, Leistungssteigerung mit guter Einbauqualität der Voll- oder Freispielverbundanker, die Senkung des Personalaufwandes durch Mechanisierung und die Verringerung der Unfallgefahr durch eine, mit der Ankerung vorlaufende bessere Ausbildung der Gewölbebildung erreicht.With the application of the dynamic anchor adhesive becomes an essential Minimization of installation time, increased performance with good installation quality the full- or free-play composite anchor, the reduction of personnel expenses through mechanization and reducing the risk of accidents by a, better with the anchorage training of vaulting reached.
  • Vorteilhafte Weiterbildungen und Anwendungen des dynamischen Ankeraktivklebers sind den zugehörigen Unteransprüchen zu entnehmen.advantageous Further developments and applications of the dynamic anchor adhesive are to be found in the associated subclaims.
  • ZITATE ENTHALTEN IN DER BESCHREIBUNGQUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • Diese Liste der vom Anmelder aufgeführten Dokumente wurde automatisiert erzeugt und ist ausschließlich zur besseren Information des Lesers aufgenommen. Die Liste ist nicht Bestandteil der deutschen Patent- bzw. Gebrauchsmusteranmeldung. Das DPMA übernimmt keinerlei Haftung für etwaige Fehler oder Auslassungen.This list The documents listed by the applicant have been automated generated and is solely for better information recorded by the reader. The list is not part of the German Patent or utility model application. The DPMA takes over no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Zitierte PatentliteraturCited patent literature
    • - DE 10336043 A1 [0004] DE 10336043 A1 [0004]
    • - DE 10336040 A1 [0004] - DE 10336040 A1 [0004]
    • - DE 10321175 B3 [0004] - DE 10321175 B3 [0004]
    • - DE 10301968 A1 [0004] - DE 10301968 A1 [0004]
    • - DE 10017763 A1 [0004] - DE 10017763 A1 [0004]
    • - DE 10017751 A1 [0004] - DE 10017751 A1 [0004]
    • - DE 10017750 A1 [0004] DE 10017750 A1 [0004]
    • - DE 29900432 U1 [0004] DE 29900432 U1 [0004]
    • - US 4055051 [0004] - US 4055051 [0004]
    • - DE 3100730 [0004] - DE 3100730 [0004]
    • - DE 102006002215 [0004] - DE 102006002215 [0004]
    • - DE 102005004364 [0004] - DE 102005004364 [0004]

Claims (7)

  1. Dynamischer Ankeraktivkleber, als Ein- oder Zweikomponenenkleber dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass dieser in der Aktivität der Aushärtung chemisch so eingestellt ist, dass kein Volumenverlust eintritt.Dynamic anchor adhesive, as a one- or two-component adhesive characterized in that it is chemically adjusted in the activity of curing so that no volume loss occurs.
  2. Dynamischer Ankeraktivkleber, als Druckkleber mit einem eingelagerten Härter, insbesondere Härterkapilaren nach Anspruch 1 dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Druckkleber ohne Volumenverlust aushärtet.Dynamic anchor adhesive, as pressure-sensitive adhesive with a stored hardener, in particular hardener capillaries according to claim 1, characterized in that the pressure-sensitive adhesive without Volume loss hardens.
  3. Dynamischer Ankeraktivkleber, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mit der chemischen Aushärtung eine gesteuerte Volumenzunahme erreicht wird.Dynamic anchor adhesive, characterized that with the chemical hardening a controlled volume increase is reached.
  4. Dynamischer Ankeraktivkleber, als Nano- oder Hochfrequenzkleber nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mit der Aushärtung eine gesteuerte Volumenzunahme erfolgt.Dynamic anchor adhesive, as nano or high frequency adhesive according to one of claims 1 to 3 characterized that with curing a controlled volume increase he follows.
  5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mit der gesteuerten Volumenzunahme im Klebergemisch, mit einem Ankersystem die Erhöhung der Verspannung in den Gebirgsschichten erreicht wird.Method according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that with the controlled volume increase in the adhesive mixture, with an anchor system increasing the Strain in the mountain layers is achieved.
  6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mit der gesteuerten Volumenzunahme im Klebergemisch, mit einem Ankersystem die Unterstützung der Gewölbebildung erreicht wird.Method according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that with the controlled volume increase in glue mixture, with an anchor system the support the vault formation is achieved.
  7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mit der gesteuerten Volumenzunahme im Klebergemisch, ein Spaltvorgang in den Gebirgsschichten verhindert wird.Method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that with the controlled volume increase in the adhesive mixture, a splitting process in the mountain layers prevented becomes.
DE200610060638 2006-12-12 2006-12-21 Dynamic anchoring adhesive, especially for fixing anchor bars in rock for mining and tunnel-building, comprises a one- or two-component system chemically adjusted to eliminate shrinkage on hardening Ceased DE102006060638A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102006058458A DE102006058458A1 (en) 2006-12-12 2006-12-12 Testing device consists of workpiece carrier which has a chamber and temperate system for heating and cooling of chamber
DE200610060638 DE102006060638A1 (en) 2006-12-12 2006-12-21 Dynamic anchoring adhesive, especially for fixing anchor bars in rock for mining and tunnel-building, comprises a one- or two-component system chemically adjusted to eliminate shrinkage on hardening

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200610060638 DE102006060638A1 (en) 2006-12-12 2006-12-21 Dynamic anchoring adhesive, especially for fixing anchor bars in rock for mining and tunnel-building, comprises a one- or two-component system chemically adjusted to eliminate shrinkage on hardening

Publications (1)

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DE102006060638A1 true DE102006060638A1 (en) 2008-07-17

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009056089A1 (en) 2009-11-30 2011-06-01 Werner P. Dipl.-Ing. Berwald Rotatable impact-resistance single phase self drilling mixer anchor and two phase cartridge spiral mixer anchor i.e. hollow bar anchor, has solid rods provided in extruded cartridge pipe at heavy duty anchor for double anchor load
DE102011018241A1 (en) 2011-04-20 2012-10-25 Werner Berwald Method for manufacturing anchor setting process with capsule-sleeve mill, involves pushing capsule pipe together with capsule-sleeve mill on anchor head, with rotation movement of anchor head into anchor bore

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4055051A (en) 1976-01-08 1977-10-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Interior Unitary drill bit and roof bolt
DE3100730A1 (en) 1980-02-12 1981-12-24 Amberg Ingbuero Ag Method of supporting and/or stabilising excavation walls in civil engineering, mining and tunnelling, apparatus for carrying out the method, and stabilising anchor sitting in a borehole in the excavation wall
DE29900432U1 (en) 1999-01-13 1999-04-22 Schran Bergbau Baumaschinen Bo Mountain anchor system
DE10017763A1 (en) 2000-04-10 2001-10-11 Hilti Ag Tube anchor for mining/tunneling has a drill head and inner pistons to hold the mortar mass to be pressed out wholly through passage openings in a simple operation
DE10017750A1 (en) 2000-04-10 2001-10-11 Hilti Ag Mountain anchors
DE10017751A1 (en) 2000-04-10 2001-10-11 Hilti Ag Mountain anchors
DE10301968A1 (en) 2003-01-20 2004-07-29 Hilti Ag Fixing element used in the mining/tunnel construction industry comprises a mortar composition and a channel section arranged in an inner tube held by spacers between the outer wall of the inner tube and the inner wall of a receiving body
DE10321175B3 (en) 2003-05-12 2004-08-26 Carbotech Fosroc Gmbh Injection ground anchor, to stabilize walls in mining and tunneling, has an inner channel with at least one chamber to hold the mixed cement to be pressed out into the borehole
DE10336040A1 (en) 2003-08-01 2005-03-10 Hilti Ag rock bolts
DE10336043A1 (en) 2003-08-01 2005-03-17 Hilti Ag Xings
DE102006006748A1 (en) 2006-01-16 2007-07-19 Berwald, Werner P., Dipl.-Ing. In-liner hollow rod compound anchor for installation in mountains, tunnels and rock constructions has no boring dust suction channel or inner adhesive magazine tube

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4055051A (en) 1976-01-08 1977-10-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Interior Unitary drill bit and roof bolt
DE3100730A1 (en) 1980-02-12 1981-12-24 Amberg Ingbuero Ag Method of supporting and/or stabilising excavation walls in civil engineering, mining and tunnelling, apparatus for carrying out the method, and stabilising anchor sitting in a borehole in the excavation wall
DE29900432U1 (en) 1999-01-13 1999-04-22 Schran Bergbau Baumaschinen Bo Mountain anchor system
DE10017763A1 (en) 2000-04-10 2001-10-11 Hilti Ag Tube anchor for mining/tunneling has a drill head and inner pistons to hold the mortar mass to be pressed out wholly through passage openings in a simple operation
DE10017750A1 (en) 2000-04-10 2001-10-11 Hilti Ag Mountain anchors
DE10017751A1 (en) 2000-04-10 2001-10-11 Hilti Ag Mountain anchors
DE10301968A1 (en) 2003-01-20 2004-07-29 Hilti Ag Fixing element used in the mining/tunnel construction industry comprises a mortar composition and a channel section arranged in an inner tube held by spacers between the outer wall of the inner tube and the inner wall of a receiving body
DE10321175B3 (en) 2003-05-12 2004-08-26 Carbotech Fosroc Gmbh Injection ground anchor, to stabilize walls in mining and tunneling, has an inner channel with at least one chamber to hold the mixed cement to be pressed out into the borehole
DE10336040A1 (en) 2003-08-01 2005-03-10 Hilti Ag rock bolts
DE10336043A1 (en) 2003-08-01 2005-03-17 Hilti Ag Xings
DE102006006748A1 (en) 2006-01-16 2007-07-19 Berwald, Werner P., Dipl.-Ing. In-liner hollow rod compound anchor for installation in mountains, tunnels and rock constructions has no boring dust suction channel or inner adhesive magazine tube

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102009056089A1 (en) 2009-11-30 2011-06-01 Werner P. Dipl.-Ing. Berwald Rotatable impact-resistance single phase self drilling mixer anchor and two phase cartridge spiral mixer anchor i.e. hollow bar anchor, has solid rods provided in extruded cartridge pipe at heavy duty anchor for double anchor load
DE102011018241A1 (en) 2011-04-20 2012-10-25 Werner Berwald Method for manufacturing anchor setting process with capsule-sleeve mill, involves pushing capsule pipe together with capsule-sleeve mill on anchor head, with rotation movement of anchor head into anchor bore

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