The invention relates to an apparatus and a method of handling
of banknotes in which at least one cache for caching
is provided by banknotes. The cache is banknotes
Furthermore, the invention relates to a device and a method
for dispensing banknotes having a desired denomination to be dispensed
of banknotes as parameter is preset.
the payment of funds
in the form of banknotes through ATMs or automated cash register systems
There is a desire and a need to pay money quickly
and in a desired
provide. There are currently ATMs and automatic
POS systems are known in which banknotes with the help of cassette memories
to be provided. The cassette memories are in the ATMs
or the POS system used. At some ATMs and
automatic POS systems, it is possible to deposit banknotes
to transport in the cassette memory and for subsequent payouts
to keep the number of required cassette memory low
and to issue banknotes of a variety of denominations
to be able to
is it also possible
in at least one cassette memory banknotes with two different ones
Nominal values vorzuhalten. Be deposited banknotes of these denominations
used again, d. H. Recycled, can have a favorable sequence of in the cassette memories
in a stack of banknotes no longer arranged
be assured so for
a withdrawal banknotes of a face value are no longer available,
from the cassette memory only after several banknotes with the
each other nominal value can be removed. In this case, banknotes
with the desired
Nominal value can not be output.
Caches are known in which deposited banknotes stored
that will not be recycled.
takes place in known ATMs the removal of banknotes
from the cartridge memories after a request for a payout,
leaving a significant delay
the issue of bills can occur after the request.
The invention is a method and an apparatus for handling
indicate banknotes in which a payout of a payout amount
with banknotes of a desired denomination
is simplified. This object is achieved by devices with the
Features of the claims
1 or 10 and by methods having the features of claims 9 or
Advantageous developments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims.
leave a device with the features of claim 1
Bank notes are stored in a simple way. The
in the buffer cached banknotes can on
simple way to be taken out of the cache,
if the banknote on the endless transport route, through the one
endless loop is formed, is conveyed to a delivery point,
at the the banknote issued from the cache or off
brought out of the cache
becomes. This is a very simple, fast and flexible output from
individual banknotes from the cache possible. Also an arrangement
the banknotes in the cache in a specific order
This makes it easy to
because a banknote to be supplied
at any position relative to other notes in the cache
can be. The endless transport route can be easier to manage
be divided into distance segments, in each of which a banknote storable
is. A bill fed to the buffer is then placed in
a selected one
Track segment inserted.
This is an assignment of the individual banknotes to be stored and stored
to the track segments easily possible, so that a management
the stored or to be stored in the buffer banknotes easy
is. The route segments thus form memory areas or memory locations. The
Track segments can
continue to be numbered, resulting in the management of the cache
a simple assignment of the nominal value in a segment
stored banknote to the number of the route segment is possible.
Further, it is advantageous if, in addition to the transport elements of the buffer further Transportele elements for transporting the banknotes along at least one transport path are provided. The bills temporarily stored in the buffer can be fed to the transport path by means of transport elements. Furthermore, the banknotes can be supplied to the temporary storage via the transport path formed by transport elements. As a result, a simple filling of the cache and a simple removal of banknotes from the cache is possible. In this case, the transport path can in particular connect the output areas of a plurality of cassette memories as well as of the intermediate memory to an output area of an ATM or of an automatic checkout system. Along This transport route can be further elements such. B. banknote checking, be provided. Both the transport elements for forming the transport path of the intermediate storage and the transport elements for forming the transport path may comprise drive rollers, drive belts, counter-pressure elements and / or points. The drive rollers and drive belts preferably have a surface of a material and / or a surface structure through which the banknotes can be transported without slippage or with only slight slippage. As a result, an exact positioning of the banknotes along the transport path and in the buffer is possible. When using drive belts, these belts are guided over at least two rollers arranged at a distance from each other, of which at least one roller is designed as a drive roller for driving the belt. With the aid of the switches, individual banknotes can be output from the buffer and fed to the transport path, so that individual banknotes transported along the transport path can be supplied to a desired cassette memory or to an output unit.
several input and / or output points along the endless transport route
of the cache, so is a very flexible output
of banknotes and a very flexible input of banknotes to predetermined
Make the transport route possible.
This can fill
of the cache and the removal of banknotes from the cache
be significantly accelerated. Furthermore, it is due to several
and / or issuing offices also possible,
several banknotes simultaneously from the cache individually
or several individual notes to the cache
The inputs and / or
Dispensers have one in the transport direction of the transport route
Distance from each other.
Banknotes with denominations of a denomination frequently required for disbursements
be cached. When issuing banknotes accordingly
an issuing order can be at least part of the banknotes to be issued
be removed from the cache. This can be the payout process
be significantly accelerated. It is advantageous if by
the bank notes stored in the buffer store have different payment amounts in default
can be put together
a variety of withdrawals only banknotes from the cache
must be removed
and not from the cassette memories. The cache can
subsequently by appropriate withdrawals of banknotes from cassette memories
ATMs and automatic POS systems available for payment
Banknotes of different currencies can be used in the
Cache Banknotes of only one currency or banknotes of at least
two different currencies
be cached. Also in this case, the cached
Banknotes of each currency
a suitable denomination
have to pay the usual
Payout amounts too
same advantages can also be achieved by the specified method
to manage banknotes.
Another aspect of the invention relates to a method for dispensing
of banknotes in which a desired
of banknotes as parameter is preset. The one to deploy
Required banknotes are made up of at least one cassette memory
taken and fed to a buffer. The provided for issuing
Banknotes are at least partially removed from the cache.
the banknotes to be issued are provided quickly, since at least
some of these banknotes are taken out of the cache
can. It is particularly advantageous if all banknotes required for a payment
can be removed from the cache. This is the cache
so sized and filled with banknotes that in the cache
a variety of common ones
Output requirements and / or for
all z. B. ATM-selectable output requests
required banknotes are present. The cache will
preferably after providing the banknotes to be dispensed
filled with banknotes from at least one cassette memory.
Alternatively or additionally, the buffer can also be filled with banknotes, which are supplied to the device through a deposit process. The provision of such a buffer allows easy handling, especially when the buffer is formed by transport elements that provide an endless transport path, along which the bank notes to be stored are individually arranged side by side. The banknotes are thus stored in the buffer not stacked but next to each other, whereby the removal of any banknote by the positioning of this bill at a donor site is simple and straightforward. This is a payout of a desired amount in a certain preset or desired Denomination quick and easy.
there is provided an apparatus for dispensing banknotes having a
Parameter memory for storing a denomination of banknotes as parameters
having. Further, means for providing these are preset
Remove the required banknotes from at least one
Cartridge storage and feeding
these notes provided to a cache. These funds
are in particular means of transport, preferably drive belts and / or
Drive rollers and switches have. In addition, funds are provided for
with their help at least part of the banknotes provided for dispensing
be removed from the cache. With the help of such
Device can be in a simple manner desired payment amounts in one
preset or desired
deploy very quickly.
Method for handling banknotes and the method and the
Apparatus for dispensing banknotes can be done in the same way
as in the context of the device for handling
described by banknotes, in particular by the in the of the claim
Embodiments and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the
hereinafter preferred in connection with the figures
The figures show:
1 a device for transporting and storing banknotes in an ATM with a buffer;
2 an enlarged view of the cache after 1 ;
3 a buffer according to a second embodiment of the invention; and
4 a device for transporting and storing banknotes in an ATM according to another embodiment of the invention.
In 1 is a device 10 presented for the transport and storage of banknotes in an ATM. The device 10 includes four cash boxes 12 . 14 . 16 . 18 each for the safe storage and transport of banknotes of at least one denomination. The cassettes 12 to 18 have security devices by which the banknotes therein during a transport to and from the ATM can not be easily removed. After inserting the cassettes 12 to 18 Banknotes can be taken one at a time from the respective cassette in the ATMs. In the present embodiment, the individual cassettes and banknotes can be supplied by a customer via an input / output unit 20 be paid. As a result, these deposited banknotes can be used for later withdrawals. The reuse of these banknotes is also referred to as recycling. Furthermore, the device comprises 10 a stack 22 to which deposited banknotes are to be fed, which due to their denomination is not a cassette 12 to 18 can be assigned, a cassette 12 to 18 can not be supplied and / or in which the authenticity of the respective bill could not be determined with the help of a monitoring device safely.
The device 10 includes a variety of transport elements 24 to 58 , The transport elements 24 to 42 are designed as belt drives, each having two oppositely arranged circumferential endless belts, which are each guided over two rollers, of which at least one roller is driven. Banknotes or banknotes are moved along a transport path between the bands arranged opposite each other 60 . 71 transported through the ATM. Along the in 1 with the help of dashed lines shown transport routes 71 or transport routes 60 a banknote can be transported in both possible directions. The oppositely arranged conveyor belts offer the possibility to keep a banknote safe during transport and to reliably avoid a shift of the banknote during transport. The drive elements 44 to 58 are formed as a pair of rollers with opposed rollers, wherein at least one roller of the roller pair is driven. With the help of the roller pairs 44 . 46 . 48 . 50 in each case a banknote from the pair of rollers 44 to 50 associated cassette 12 to 18 taken and the transport route 60 fed. The transport elements 34 to 42 form together with the deflection elements 72 . 74 a cache 70 for temporarily storing banknotes. The transport elements 34 to 42 as well as the deflection elements 72 . 74 make an endless transport route 71 ready, causing the banknotes along this transport route 71 in a circle, ie in an endless loop, can be transported. The cache 70 has four input and output points in the present embodiment 76 to 82 to which the cache 70 individual notes can be fed and removed. The input and output points 76 to 82 of the cache 70 are about transport elements 52 to 58 , which are each formed by a pair of rollers in the present embodiment, with the transport 60 connected. The from the cassettes 12 to 18 removed banknotes can with the help of transport elements 44 to 58 directly to the cache 70 be fed, taking the transport route 60 then only cross. One out of the cassette 12 removed banknote is thus using the transport elements 44 to the transport elements 52 and on to the entry and exit point 76 of the cache 70 transported and on a predetermined section of the endless transport route 71 of the cache 70 inserted.
In the same way, individual banknotes from the cache 70 taken and with the help of transport elements 52 to 58 the transport route 60 or the transport elements 44 to 50 be supplied. The transport elements 44 to 50 can then fed banknotes into the respective cassette 12 to 18 transport. For entering and / or ejecting banknotes into or out of the cache 70 are at the entry and exit points 76 to 82 Turnouts provided by the banknotes in the transport route 71 of the cache 70 can be introduced and discharged from this. In the same way are branches 84 to 90 the transport route 60 Switches provided to determine the transport path of individual banknotes.
In 2 is the cache 70 with the adjacent transport elements 52 to 58 to 1 shown. Like elements have the same reference numerals. The with the help of transport elements 34 to 42 along the transport route 71 transported banknotes are using the deflecting elements 72 . 74 redirected, leaving an endless transport route 71 is produced. The in the cache 70 Banknotes contained can along the Transportstre bridge 71 be promoted, leaving a desired in the cache 70 existing banknote at a desired entry and exit point 76 to 82 can be arranged for output. In the same way, those in the cache 70 contained banknotes using the transport elements 34 to 42 be arranged so that the cache 70 Banknote supplied at an entry and exit point at a desired location before and / or after an already in the buffer 70 stored banknote is inserted. To generate the cache 70 Like transport elements can be used, as they are used to generate the transport route 60 and for removing banknotes from the cassettes 12 to 18 already used in known cash car and POS systems. As a result, the manufacturing costs for producing a cache 70 kept low and the maintenance of the entire device 10 be relieved.
In 3 is a cache 100 represented according to a second embodiment of the invention. Opposite the cache 70 after the 1 and 2 has the cache 100 a longer endless transport route 101 , The endless transport route 101 of the cache 100 is through the transport elements 36 . 38 . 40 . 74 . 42 . 72 . 104 . 106 . 108 . 110 . 112 and 114 educated. Here are the opposite the cache 70 additionally used transport elements 102 . 104 . 108 . 112 as belt drives and the transport elements 106 . 110 . 114 designed as baffles. In the same way, further drive elements for extending the endless transport path 101 be provided. Furthermore, between the individual transport paths through the baffles 72 . 74 . 106 . 110 . 114 are interconnected, further elements Transportele be provided for cross-connection of these transport paths, whereby the banknotes can then be removed from any transport path or fed to this transport path. It may also be advantageous to enable a transport of banknotes from a transport path into a second transport path by means of transport elements, whereby a sorting of banknotes within the buffer 70 . 100 is simply possible. This re-sorting is particularly advantageous when banknotes using the input and output unit 20 paid in and directly to the cache 70 . 100 be supplied. Then, the deposited banknotes can be arranged in the buffer in a desired order. By cross-connections of the individual transport paths while several different endless transport routes can be formed, which are interconnected. This provides complex storage and sorting options. The cache 70 has two transport paths and the cache 100 has four longitudinal paths and one through the tape drive 112 formed cross path.
With the help of the cache 70 . 100 Also, denominations of withdrawal amounts may be securely provided having banknotes of a greater number of denominations than cartridges 12 to 18 are provided. With the help of the cache 70 . 100 can also be from a cassette 12 to 18 withdrawn banknotes which do not have the nominal value desired for a withdrawal or the nominal value required to generate a desired denomination. The purpose for this purpose in the cache 70 . 100 stored banknotes can after removal of bills of the desired denomination in the cache 70 . 100 remain or in the cassette 12 to 18 be transported back.
It is advantageous banknotes with different denominations in the cache 70 . 100 to save even before a withdrawal request, so that these banknotes are available for withdrawals, without the banknotes first from the cassettes 12 to 18 must be removed. As a result, in particular, the transaction duration for issuing banknotes with denominations that are substantially shorter with banknotes of at least one further denomination in a common cassette can be considerably shortened 12 to 18 are stored. Through the cache 70 . 100 it is easily possible to cache banknotes with disbursement denominations, thereby saving the cache 70 . 100 allows flexible and quick access to the banknotes of the desired denominations. The buffers 70 . 100 require little space and are characterized by a simple structure with robust mechanical components. By using existing transport elements, the manufacturing costs can be kept low.
It is particularly advantageous if the intermediate memory has several input and output points 76 to 82 and thus can be accessed flexibly and quickly on the stored banknotes. A suitable distribution of the cached banknotes in the cache can be based on the arrangement of the input and output points 72 to 82 as well as the connection of the cache 70 . 100 be optimized to the other transport elements of an ATM or the auto matic cash register system. Through several input and output points 76 to 82 You can use several banknotes simultaneously from the cache 70 . 100 taken as well as the cache 70 . 100 be supplied simultaneously. This makes it possible to provide the necessary banknotes for a payout very quickly. Also the refilling of the cache 70 . 100 with bills from the cassettes 12 to 18 This can be done very quickly. The setting of the bank notes to be stored and their order in the cache 70 . 100 is preferably software-dependent. In particular, the bank notes to be buffered can be defined with their nominal values by a corresponding presetting. This is preferably done by a dedicated parameter.
The denominations desired for withdrawals can be recorded statistically, with the denominations stored as parameters in the cache 70 . 100 Banknotes to be stored can be changed depending on an evaluation of the recorded payments.
The transport speed in the buffer 70 . 100 along the transport route 71 respectively. 101 is synchronous with the transport speed along the transport path 60 , The transport route 60 is the main transport path for the input and output of banknotes via the input / output unit 20 ,
In a specific embodiment of the invention, in the four cassettes 12 to 18 used, has the intermediate memory 70 an endless transport route 71 of at least 1.4 meters, leaving about 15 to 20 banknotes in the cache 70 can be cached. The average number of banknotes in a payout is currently 7.38 banknotes. Be the in the cache 70 stored banknotes chosen according to a typical payout, this can be a large number of all payouts directly from the cache 70 to be provided. Only with larger payout amounts and unusual denominations banknotes then have to pay directly from the cassettes 12 to 18 be removed. The cache 70 . 100 can also be filled alternatively or additionally with deposited banknotes.
Alternatively, the input and output points 76 . 78 . 80 . 82 of the cache 70 . 100 a height offset to the cassette branches 84 to 90 the transport route 60 have, as exemplified in 4 shown. The branches 84 to 90 each have an offset in the direction of the transport route 60 opposite the branches 84 ' to 90 ' , This is a simple structure of the branches 84 to 90 required switches possible. However, this increases the number of required switches accordingly, since at the branches 84 ' to 90 ' further points must be provided. However, the required switches may have a simpler structure than the points in the in 1 to 3 shown embodiments.
Further embodiments of the invention are possible. In particular, other drive elements can be provided. For example, individual or all belt drives can be replaced by appropriate roller and / or wheel drives. The in the 1 to 4 The devices shown are preferably components of an ATM or an automatic cash register system. The ATM or the automatic POS system then each have other known devices such. As card reading and writing devices, sensors for acquiring biometric data, a graphical user interface, preferably with a keyboard and / or a touch screen and a suitable graphical user interface, security devices for monitoring access, a data interface for communication via a communication network, separator, a Receipt printer and / or other known components. Also For example, the ATM or the automatic POS system can have at least two buffer memories, each with an endless transport path, each having at least one input and output location for the transport path 60 exhibit.
- Input / output unit
- Tape Drives
- drive rollers
to 90, 84 'to
104, 108, 112