The invention relates to a cabinet or a rack with
a device for detecting built-in components received therein
with a detection unit connected to an evaluation and registration device
connected or connectable
Such a device for detecting built-in components in a control cabinet is in the DE 42 10 420 02
specified. Here, a technical process monitoring and controlling automation system is provided, which has housed in cabinets rack with modules. The automation system transmits messages about errors in the technical process to a higher-level observation system from which the errors are evaluated and displayed by a display device, the monitoring system, the essential configuration data of the automation system are accessible and errors of the automation system are detected and displayed by the observation system and the place the respective error can be displayed. In this case, the structure of the control cabinet is displayed and highlighted the faulty module located in it to support the user of the automation system in troubleshooting and fault location. This location of assemblies and assignment of errors is tied to a correspondingly complex data acquisition and data transmission system.
Invention is the object of a device of the initially
to provide a user with the assignment of
Installation components to the rack or cabinet is facilitated.
The object is achieved with the features of claim 1. in this connection
is provided that the detection unit in the rack or control cabinet
in the reception area of at least one inserted or to be used
Built-in component is effective and is designed in such a way that
it responds to their presence or absence.
the user of the control cabinet or rack is automatically recognized
Presence or absence of built-in components provided, so
that e.g. an inventory, an extension of the device setup
or the surveillance
automatically when exchanged.
Training of the cabinet or rack is that
the detection unit at least partially on a frame
or mounting part of the rack or cabinet is attached.
advantageous training and arrangement results from the fact that
the detection unit at least one positioned at the installation location of the installation component
and their presence responsive switching or Tastbauteil
having, with the evaluation and registration via a
Connection cable with connector or wireless in signal transmission connection
brought or brought.
and assembly are further achieved in that the switching or
Tastbauteil in a housing
stored triggering element
and having a fixing portion for attachment to the frame
or mounting part is provided, and further characterized in that the fixing section
as one piece
connected to the housing body
is formed, the one on the frame or mounting part captive
carries fixable fixing.
if a plurality of identical or similar built-in components,
such as. Server in a server rack to be detected, there is one
Another advantageous embodiment in that the detection unit
designed as attachable to the frame or the mounting part detector bar
several installation locations of built-in components extends.
Assembly and function advantageous embodiment consists in
that the detector bar in the mounting plane of built-in components
is arranged and in the grid of one or more height units
is provided with a respective contact element.
Detection of the presence or absence of a built-in component favorable measure exists
in that the triggering
the detection unit by screwing the installation component
result from the fact that the detector strip on a frame legs
the frame or the mounting part screwed or glued
Another advantageous embodiment is obtained in that the
Detecting unit a front of the installation space of the rack
or cabinet mounted detector frame has.
In this case, favorable detection options are offered by the fact that the detector frame is designed as an antenna frame, which is stored for reading a stored on a transponder Codes is formed, which is attached to the mounting component.
Recognition or registration options
arise from the fact that in the evaluation and registration
Identification data for the installation location and / or the at least one
Built-in component are stored.
advantageous integration of the detection unit and data transmission
and evaluation result from the fact that the evaluation and registration facility
in a parent monitoring and
Control device for
the cabinet is designed to functions in question
or with this in communication connection
Design exists in particular with similar installation components
in that the detection unit in the front installation level
angeord net is formed as a 19 '' - installation level
is, wherein the installation component 19 '' - built-in appliances.
Invention will now be described with reference to exemplary embodiments with reference
closer to the drawings
1A and 1B a detail of a frame of a cabinet or rack in perspective view with parts pulled apart in the area of a detection unit and a detailed view in question,
2 a detection unit with Tastbauteil in perspective view,
3A and 3B a perspective view of the frame after 1 with built-in component and registration unit as well as a detailed view,
4A and 4B the frame after 1A in a perspective view with another, a detector bar having detection unit in a detached view and an associated detail view,
5A and 5B the framework with the detection unit after 4A with attached detector bar of the detection unit and with not completely inserted installation component as well as an associated detail view,
6A and 6B the frame after 5A with inserted installation component,
7 a control cabinet with several inserted and a not yet used server and a not yet mounted detector frame another detection unit in perspective view,
8th after the control cabinet 7 with inserted servers and attached detector frame in perspective view obliquely from below,
9A and 9B a frame of a cabinet or rack with the detector frame removed in a perspective view and an associated detail view and
10 the frame after 9A with attached detector frame.
1A shows a detail of a frame 1 a cabinet or rack with a pedestal and four vertical frame legs attached to depthwise horizontal baseboards 10 , which are also mounted in the depth direction, angularly in cross-section horizontal mounting rails are mounted to a recording 11 for installation components to be used 2 to form, for example, servers. In the present case, the term switching cabinet should also be understood, for example, as server cabinets or similar cabinets for information technology. For detecting whether a built-in component or a built-in device 2 in the rack or control cabinet is optionally used at an associated location or not, is a detection unit 3 provided, the lying before a Tastbauteil 30 has, as in the detailed view 1B closer. The registration unit 3 is to an evaluation and registration device 4 connected to the presence or absence of the built-in component 2 relevant signals are transmitted for evaluation and, if necessary register.
As the 2 . 3A and 3B further show, has the Tastbauteil 30 in a housing 30.1 a from this projecting trigger element 31 on, with the inside of the case 30.1 arranged contacts (not shown) cooperates, in the depressed or outwardly moving state of the trigger element 31 be closed to two different signal states for the presence or absence of the relevant built-in component 2 to create. The contacts are via a connection cable 37 and a connector connected at the free end thereof 36 and optionally further elements with the evaluation and registration device 4 connected or connectable. Alternatively, the present mechanically working trigger element 31 be formed by an example optically, capacitively or inductively operating trigger element and instead of data transmission via the connection cable 37 can also be provided wireless, such as optical transmission or wireless connection.
On the case 30.1 of the Tastbauteils 30 is integrally a fixing section 32 in the form of a square nut with a mounting hole 33 Threaded, that of a fixing element 34 in the form of a stamped and bent part made of sheet metal, around the thus formed cage nut with end tabs in a square hole of the frame 1 or a mounting part to fix captive. The fixer element 34 has protruding portions that pass through the associated hole, so that the retaining tabs on the fixing section 32 opposite side, the wall behind the hole behind. As in particular from the 1B and 3B as can be seen, this is the case with the fixing section 32 connected feeler component 30 on the front side of the cabinet or racks opposite side of the Subject Author fenden wall of the vertical frame leg 10 positioned so that from the front of a fastener 35 in the form of a screw through the relevant hole of the frame leg 10 into the mounting hole 33 can be introduced to the mounting component with the mounting screw 2 on the side over the device housing on the front wall 20 protruding retaining flanges 21 and recesses provided therein 22 for fixing screws. When tightening the mounting screw is the fixing 32 pulled against the relevant wall of the frame leg so that the trigger element 31 of the Tastbauteils 30 is pressed in and over the contacts in the housing 30.1 formed circuit is closed or opened to the installed state of the built-in component 2 to signal and the corresponding signal to the evaluation and registration 4 to send.
Several of the above-described Tastbauteile 30 the registration unit 3 may vary in the height of the built-in or installed installation components 2 are used, including the vertical frame legs 10 carries a row of holes with a certain grid, the usual height units of built-in components 2 or built-in appliances is adjusted. To distinguish between different installation positions, a special signal of the Tastbauteils 30 or a certain connection area in the way to or at the evaluation and registration device 4 be provided. The evaluation and registration device 4 is equipped, for example, with a memory device in which the presence or absence of the relevant built-in component 2 whereby a chronology of fixtures and fittings for monitoring purposes can be stored. Also, the evaluation and registration device 4 For example, provided with an acoustic and / or visual display device to the presence or absence of a built-in component 2 to report at their installation location. The evaluation and registration device is advantageous 4 formed in a parent control cabinet monitoring and control cabinet control device or connected to this, which is equipped with different sensors and actuators for monitoring and control cabinet-specific functions. The evaluation and registration device 4 is arranged in the control cabinet or rack or connected via a network connection to the detection unit, to carry out a remote transmission of the signals or further data formed therefrom.
In the 4A . 4B . 5A . 5B . 6A and 6B is shown a further embodiment of the invention, wherein the detection unit 3 for detecting the presence or absence of a built-in component 2 a detector bar 40 having. Again, the detector bar 40 advantageous in a front-side vertical mounting plane of the cabinet or rack, in particular a vertical frame legs 10 of the frame 1 arranged so that here also results in a simple, clear installation. The detector bar 40 , For example, a thin contact strip is arranged in the embodiment shown laterally along the vertical front row of holes on their side facing away from the opening edge of the installation space side, such as the 5B and 6B clarify. trigger points 41 the detector bar 40 , For example, contact points are on the installation heights of the installation components 2 matched, which are advantageously adapted to common height units, wherein the detector bar 40 extends advantageously over the entire height of the installation space in the cabinet or rack and is merely to make sure that the detector bar 40 when attaching, eg screwing or gluing, with respect to the frame leg 10 is positioned at the correct height, including a simple marker on the contact strip 40 and the frame leg 10 can be provided. For the entire detector bar 40 just needs a connection cable 42 to be provided as 4A shows the connection to the evaluation and registration device 4 manufacture. The installation location can be easily via a suitable coding of the contact point 41 be detected, for example by the detector bar 40 is designed as a resistance strip whose resistance is at contact or release of the contact at the contact point 41 changes. In particular 6B shows are the contact points 41 in the height of the recesses 22 on the retaining flange 21 the built-in components 2 arranged so that via suitable fasteners 35 a contact can be made to generate a respective signal. In this case, the signaling via key contacts eg as in a membrane keyboard or via proximity sensors, wherein the contact points 41 depending on the number of fesetzustel lenden positions over several contacts and lines about in a BCD code or the like. Encoded by the evaluation 4 is further processed.
Another embodiment of the detection unit 3 is in the 7 . 8th . 9A . 9B and 10 shown. The registration unit 3 in this case also has a detector frame in the front area of a control cabinet, in particular in the area of a vertical front-side installation level 50 with two on the two front vertical frame legs 10 to be arranged vertical strips 51 and an upper and lower horizontal bar 52 on that the detector frame 50 Limit up and down. In the upper and lower horizontal bar 52 there is an extension 53 in which, if necessary, additional components, such as display elements, transmitter-receiver elements or installation elements can be accommodated. The transmission of the signals from the detector frame 50 to the evaluation and registration device 4 can also do this via a single transmission cable 54 or a wireless transmission link. To attach the detector frame 50 are on this example simple fasteners 55 provided in the form of tabs, holes and / or connecting pins, and the attachment can by means of simple fasteners 55.1 , For example, screws or snap-in connectors, done.
The detector frame 50 comprises for the signal detection an antenna in the form of an RFID antenna, wherein the thus formed antenna frame as a reading device for reading the on a code carrier 2.3 , in particular transponder (RFID tag) stored number codes is formed, wherein the code carrier 2.3 eg on a side wall of the housing of the built-in component 2 is arranged and when inserting the installation component 2 is brought in the vicinity of the antenna frame, so that a secure reading of the stored numerical code takes place. The numerical code can be used for various installation components 2 For example, servers can be detected and their presence or absence can be detected. In this case, in addition to the detection of the mere presence of a detection of the mounting position can be realized, to which the antenna of the detector frame is sequenced in a corresponding number of individual antennas or the mounting position is provided with an additional identifier, which is combined with the code of the transponder.
The arrangement of the Tastbauteile 30 , the detector bar 40 or the detector frame 50 the registration unit 3 in the field of installation level of the cabinet or rack, in particular a 19 '' - plane, results in advantageous mounting options and a favorable signal detection for detecting the presence or absence of a relevant installation component 2 of the user.