DE102006004484A1 - Re-usable part for smoke-free cigarette, has filament preheated by attaching filter, where filament is brought to operating temperature, when pulling on entire construction of cigarette - Google Patents

Re-usable part for smoke-free cigarette, has filament preheated by attaching filter, where filament is brought to operating temperature, when pulling on entire construction of cigarette

Info

Publication number
DE102006004484A1
DE102006004484A1 DE200610004484 DE102006004484A DE102006004484A1 DE 102006004484 A1 DE102006004484 A1 DE 102006004484A1 DE 200610004484 DE200610004484 DE 200610004484 DE 102006004484 A DE102006004484 A DE 102006004484A DE 102006004484 A1 DE102006004484 A1 DE 102006004484A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
filter
filament
cigarette
operating temperature
brought
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE200610004484
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Mats Bäckström
Monika Melchior-Lehmann
Karsten Schmidt
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BLUESKY GLOBAL LTD., 10587 BERLIN, DE
Original Assignee
Karsten Schmidt
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Karsten Schmidt filed Critical Karsten Schmidt
Priority to DE200610004484 priority Critical patent/DE102006004484A1/en
Publication of DE102006004484A1 publication Critical patent/DE102006004484A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES
    • A24F47/00Smokers' requisites not provided for elsewhere, e.g. devices to assist in stopping or limiting smoking
    • A24F47/002Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes
    • A24F47/004Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes with heating means, e.g. carbon fuel
    • A24F47/008Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes with heating means, e.g. carbon fuel with electrical heating means

Abstract

The part has a storage battery (11), a filter sensor, an air flow sensor (13), a filament (14), timing, vent holes and charging contact, where the filament is preheated by attaching a filter. The filament is brought to the operating temperature, when pulling on an entire construction of the cigarette. The air flow sensor detects the pulling of the smoker and bringing of the filament to the operating temperature, in such a manner that the desired effect of heating of the airflow occurs for releasing contents of active depots in filter.

Description

  • Die hier dargestellte technische Lösung beschreibt einen alternativen Weg zur Umsetzung der gewünschten Eigenschaften einer rauchfreien Zigarette, wie sie in der Patentanmeldung WO 2004098324 ( The illustrated here technical solution describes an alternative way to implement the desired features of a smokeless cigarette as (in the patent application WO 2004098324 DE 10321379 DE 10321379 ) beschrieben wird. ) Is described.
  • Der Lösungsansatz obigen Bezugspatents beruht auf einem wiederverwendbaren Teil (Patentanspruch 1), der als Wärmespeicher zur Erwärmung der durch den Raucher inhalierten Luft dienen soll. The approach above reference patent is based on a re-usable part (claim 1), which is to serve as a heat accumulator for heating the inhaled by the smoker air. Dem Wärmespeicher selbst wird Wärme entweder wie in Patentanspruch 2 oder wie in Patentanspruch 5 beschrieben zugeführt. The heat storage itself is supplied described heat either as in claim 2 or as in patent claim. 5
  • Der Wärmespeicher soll die notwendige Wärme für 1...3 Minuten vorhalten, die benötigt wird, um die vom Raucher inhaliert Luft zu erwärmen. The heat storage should ... hold the necessary heat for 1 3 minutes it takes to heat the air inhaled by the smoker.
  • Die spezifische Wärmekapazität der Luft beträgt 1,01 kJ·kg –1 grd –1 . The specific heat capacity of the air is 1.01 kJ · kg -1 deg -1.
  • Mit einem Zigarettenzug nimmt der Raucher etwa 300ml Luft auf. With a Zigarettenzug of smokers decreases to about 300ml air.
  • Wird diese Luftmenge von zB 20°C auf 70°C (bei dem sich das Nikotin aus dem Depot löst) erwärmt, speichern 300ml Luft eine Wärmemenge von ca. 20J. If this amount of air of, for example 20 ° C to 70 ° C (at which the nicotine from the depot releases) heated air 300ml save an amount of heat of about 20J.
  • Geht man von mindestens 5 Zigarettenzügen aus, die ein Raucher für das Rauchen einer Zigarette benötigt, so muss der Luftmenge von 1500ml eine Energiemenge von ca. 100J zugeführt werden, die ohne größeren technischen Aufwand in einem zigarettengroßen Wärmespeicher vorgehalten werden kann. Assuming at least 5 cigarettes trains which needs a smoker for smoking a cigarette, the air volume of 1500 ml must be supplied that can be maintained without major technical effort in a cigarette large heat storage an amount of energy of about 100J.
  • Bei der Erfindung wurde jedoch nicht bedacht, dass Luft eine extrem schlechte Wärmeleitfähigkeit besitzt, dh der Energieaufwand um ein vielfaches höher ist, um der Luft die notwendige Energiemenge zuzuführen. In the invention, however, was not considered that air is extremely poor in thermal conductivity, that is, the energy expenditure is higher by a multiple, in order to supply the air, the necessary amount of energy.
  • Die spezifische Wärmleitfähigkeit eines Stoffes schlägt sich in der spezifischen Wärmeleitzahl wieder. The specific thermal conductivity of a substance is reflected in the specific thermal conductivity again.
  • Diese beträgt für Luft 0,025 W/mK, für Kupfer 402 W/mK. This is for air 0.025 W / mK, copper 402 W / mK.
  • Dh die Energiemenge muss um 4 Zehnerpotenzen höher als die des hier benannten Metalls sein, um den Widerstand auszugleichen, den die Luft der Erwärmung durch einem anderen Stoff entgegensetzt. That is, the amount of energy must be higher than that of the designated here metal by 4 orders of magnitude, to compensate for the resistance which opposes the air being heated by another substance.
  • Dies ist auch der Grund dafür, warum die Luft, die durch eine echte Zigarette strömt, überhaupt eingeatmet werden kann, obwohl die Gluttemperatur zwischen 700°C und 1000°C beträgt. This is also the reason why the air flowing through a real cigarette can ever be inhaled, although the Gluttemperatur between 700 ° C and 1000 ° C.
  • Setzt man voraus, dass man eine Temperatur von mindestens 700°C erzeugen muss, um mindestens 1500ml Luft auf „Betriebstemperatur" zu bringen, so müsste man den Wärmespeicher auf mehrere 1000°C aufheizen, damit dieser für 1...3 Minuten genügend Wärmeenergie vorrätig hat, um insgesamt 1500ml Luft auf 70°C zu erwärmen. If one assumes that one has to produce a temperature of at least 700 ° C to bring at least 1500ml air on "operating", so you would have the thermal storage heat up to several 1000 ° C, to run for 1 ... 3 minutes sufficient thermal energy has available to heat a total of 1500ml air at 70 ° C.
  • Eine gleichmäßige Wärmeabgabe, wie unter Absatz 4. des Bezugspatents erläutert, erscheint unter Verwendung eines Wärmespeichers im wiederverwendbaren Teil einer rauchfreien Zigarette nicht realisierbar. A uniform heat release, as explained in the fourth paragraph of the reference patent, a smokeless cigarette unlikely to be realized using a heat store in the reusable part.
  • Die im Folgenden beschriebene Alternativlösung A lehnt sich möglichst nah an der Funktionsfähigkeit einer echten Zigarette an. The alternative solution A described below leans close as possible to the functioning of a real cigarette.
  • Dh der wiederverwendbare Teil einer rauchfreien Zigarette ( Ie the reusable part of a smokeless cigarette ( 1 1 ) ) I I dient nicht als Wärmespeicher sondern beherbergt einen Akku ( does not serve as heat storage but also houses a battery ( 11 11 ), einen Filtersensor ( ), (A filter sensor 12 12 ), einen Luftstromsensor ( ), (An air flow sensor 13 13 ), einen Glühfaden ( ), (A filament 14 14 ), eine Zeitsteuerung ( ), A time control ( 15 15 ) und Luftlöcher ( () And air holes 16 16 ). ). Eine aufwendige Gestaltung von Luftströmungskanälen oder die Anbringung einer aufgedampften rückstrahlenden Beschichtung sind nicht erforderlich. An elaborate design of air flow passages or the attachment of a vapor-deposited retroreflective coating are not required.
  • Der Glühfaden ( The filament ( 14 14 ) befindet sich unmittelbar vor dem auswechselbaren Filter ( ) Is situated immediately before the replaceable filter ( 2 2 ), so dass die durch den Glühfaden zu erzeugende Temperatur und damit der Energieverbrauch geringer ausfällt, als dies am Ende der Zigarette der Fall wäre. ) So that the generating by the filament to temperature and thus the energy consumption goes down lower than would be the case at the end of the cigarette. Wird der Filter ( If the filter ( 2 2 ) in den wiederverwendbaren Teil der Zigarette ( ) (In the reusable portion of the cigarette 1 1 ) eingesteckt, registriert dies der Filtersensor ( plugged in), it registered the filter sensor ( 12 12 ) und schaltet den Glühfaden ( ) And switches the filament ( 14 14 ) zu, der damit zum Vorglühen gebracht wird. ) To which is implicated for preheating. Diese Funktion ist vergleichbar mit der Glut einer Zigarette ohne Inhalation und dient einem schnelleren Erreichen der Arbeitstemperatur des Glühfadens bei der Inhalation. This feature is similar to the glow of a cigarette without inhaling and serves a more rapid achievement of the working temperature of the filament during inhalation. Erst beim Zigarettenzug, der eine Luftströmung erzeugt und vom Luftstromsensor ( Only when Zigarettenzug which generates a flow of air and (by the air flow sensor 13 13 ) erfasst wird, wird der Glühfaden ( ) Is detected, the filament is ( 14 14 ) auf Betriebstemperatur gebracht. brought) to operating temperature. Dies spart zum Einen Energie und verhindert zum Anderen die bei echten Zigaretten bekannten Gefährdungen durch Überhitzung/Verbrennungen. This saves energy and prevents the one on the other, the known in real cigarettes hazards due to overheating / burns.
  • Vergisst der Raucher nach Nutzung der Zigarette den Filter ( Forgets the smoker to use the cigarette filter ( 2 2 ) zu entfernen, übernimmt die Zeitsteuerung ( to remove), takes over the time control ( 15 15 ) die Trennung des Stromkreises, zB nach 3 Minuten. ) The isolation of the circuit, for example, after 3 minutes.
  • Der Filtersensor ( The filter sensor ( 12 12 ) ist als normaler elektromechanischer Kontakt auslegbar. ) Is interpretable as a normal electromechanical contact.
  • Als Luftstromsensor ( (As airflow sensor 13 13 ) ist ein herkömmlicher Luftdrucksensor verwendbar, der auf einen plötzlichen Druckabfall innerhalb des wiederverwendbaren Teils der Zigarette ( ) Is a conventional air pressure sensor used, the (to a sudden pressure drop within the reusable part of the cigarette 1 1 ) reagiert. ) Responding.
  • Akkus ( batteries ( 11 11 ) in Li-Ion-Technologie haben eine Leistungsdichte von bis zu 350Wh/l und können in individuellen Bauformen gefertigt werden. ) In Li-ion technology have a power density of up to 350Wh / l and can be manufactured in individual designs. Sie kommen heute mit sehr kleinen Abmessungen zB in Bluetooth-Headsets zum Einsatz. They come today with very small dimensions, for example, in Bluetooth headsets for use.
  • Geht man davon aus, dass man 2/3 des Volumens des wiederverwendbaren Teils der Zigarette ( Assuming that one (2/3 of the volume of the reusable part of the cigarette 1 1 ) für den Akku ( ) (For the battery 11 11 ) zur Verfügung hat, so entspricht dies einem Volumen von etwa 2ml und damit einer theoretischen Kapazität von 0,2Ah bei einer Nennspannung von 3,6V. ) Has available, this corresponds to a volume of about 2 ml and thus a theoretical capacity of 0,2Ah at a nominal voltage of 3.6V.
  • Verwendet man einen wenige μm dicke Glühfaden, so lassen sich bei 3,6V mit weniger als 100mA Stromverbrauch Glühtemperaturen von 1000°C und mehr erreichen. Using a few microns thick filament, so can be achieved at 3.6V with less than 100mA power consumption annealing temperatures of 1000 ° C and more.
  • Die Akkukapazität reicht somit für einen mehrfachen Zigarettengebrauch (mehrere Filter), wenn man von einer durchschnittlichen Nutzungsdauer von 3 Minuten pro Zigarette (Filter) ausgeht. thus the battery capacity is sufficient (more filter) for a multiple of cigarettes use, when one of 3 minutes per cigarette by an average service life (filter) emanates.
  • Ist die Kapazität des Akkus ( If the capacity of the battery ( 11 11 ) erschöpft, kann er über ein externes Ladegerät an den Ladekontakten ( ) Exhausted, he may (via an external charger to the charging contacts 17 17 ) wieder aufgeladen werden. ) To be recharged. Die notwendige Ladeintelligenz steckt im Ladegerät. The necessary charging intelligence is in the charger.
  • Die nun beschriebene Alternativlösung B zeigt eine weitere Möglichkeit, die im Bezugspatent unter Verzicht des Anspruches auf Schaffung des beim Inhalieren entstehenden Wärmegefühls gesteckten Ziele zu erreichen. The alternative solution B now described is another way to achieve the targets set in the referenced patent waiving the claim for creation of the resulting heat during inhalation feeling objectives.
  • Dies erfolgt ohne den Umweg der Erwärmung der Luft auf etwa 70°C, bei der die Inhaltsstoffe des Wirkstoffdepots gelöst werden, in dem das Wirkstoffdepot im Filter direkt erwärmt wird. This is done without the detour of heating the air to about 70 ° C, in which the ingredients of the drug depots are dissolved, in which the active substance depot is directly heated in the filter. Hat das Wirkstoffdepot die Arbeitstemperatur erreicht, so reißt der durch den Raucher erzeugte Luftstrom die Inhaltsstoffe mit sich, die dann von ihm inhaliert werden. Reaches operating temperature, the active substance deposit, the air flow generated by the smoker pulls the ingredients with them, which are then inhaled by him.
  • Die Zigarette besteht wiederum aus einem wiederverwendbaren Teil ( In turn, the cigarette consists of a reusable part ( 3 3 ) ) II II und einem austauschbaren Filter mit Wirkstoffdepot ( and a replaceable filter with active agent depot ( 4 4 ). ). Der wiederverwendbare Teil ( The reusable part ( 3 3 ) beherbergt einen Akku ( ) Houses a battery ( 31 31 ), Ladekontakte ( (), Charging contacts 32 32 ), eine Zeitsteuerung ( ), A time control ( 33 33 ), Luftlöcher ( (), Air holes 34 34 ) und zwei elektrische Filterkontakte ( () And two electrical contacts filter 35 35 ). ).
  • Diese elektrischen Filterkontakte ( These electrical filter contacts ( 35 35 ) stellen eine elektrische Verbindung zum Filter mit Wirkstoffdepot ( ) Provide an electrical connection to the filter with active agent depot ( 4 4 ) her. ) Ago. In diesem ist ein elektrisches Heizelement ( This is an electrical heating element ( 41 41 ) eingebaut, welches über die elektrischen Filterkontakte ( ) Is installed, which (via the electrical contacts filter 42 42 ) mit den elektrischen Filterkontakten ( ) (With the electrical contacts filter 35 35 ) des wiederverwendbaren Teils ( () Of the reusable part 3 3 ) verbunden wird. ) Is connected. Nach Anstecken des Filters mit Wirkstoffdepot ( After plugging of the filter with active agent depot ( 4 4 ) wird dieses auf Betriebstemperatur gebracht. ) It is brought to operating temperature.
  • Vergisst der Raucher nach Nutzung der Zigarette den Filter ( Forgets the smoker to use the cigarette filter ( 4 4 ) zu entfernen, übernimmt die Zeitsteuerung ( to remove), takes over the time control ( 33 33 ) die Trennung des Stromkreises, zB nach 3 Minuten. ) The isolation of the circuit, for example, after 3 minutes.
  • Ist die Kapazität des Akkus ( If the capacity of the battery ( 31 31 ) erschöpft, kann er über ein externes Ladegerät an den Ladekontakten ( ) Exhausted, he may (via an external charger to the charging contacts 32 32 ) wieder aufgeladen werden. ) To be recharged. Die notwendige Ladeintelligenz steckt im Ladegerät. The necessary charging intelligence is in the charger.
  • Aufgrund der geringeren Arbeitstemperatur des Heizelements ( Due to the lower working temperature of the heating element ( 41 41 ) sinkt der Energieverbrauch und die Nutungsdauer bis zur nächsten Ladung des Akkus ( ) Decreases, the energy consumption and the Nutungsdauer until the next charge of the battery ( 31 31 ) erhöht sich. ) increases.
  • Möchte man die Nachteile einer kontaktbehafteten Wärmeerzeugung im Wirkstoffdepot des Filters vermeiden, kann folgende Bauform gewählt werden. If you want to avoid the disadvantages of a contact-type heat generation in the drug depot of the filter, the following design can be selected.
  • Die Zigarette besteht wiederum aus einem wiederverwendbaren Teil ( In turn, the cigarette consists of a reusable part ( 5 5 ) ) III III und einem austauschbaren Filter mit Wirkstoffdepot ( and a replaceable filter with active agent depot ( 6 6 ). ). Der wiederverwendbare Teil ( The reusable part ( 5 5 ) beherbergt einen Akku ( ) Houses a battery ( 51 51 ), Ladekontakte ( (), Charging contacts 52 52 ), eine Zeitsteuerung ( ), A time control ( 53 53 ), Luftlöcher ( (), Air holes 54 54 ), eine elektronische Schwingungserzeugungseinheit ( (), An electronic vibration generating unit 55 55 ), eine Spule ( ), a coil ( 56 56 ) und einen Filtersensor ( ) And a filter sensor ( 57 57 ). ).
  • Den Wirkstoffen des Wirkstoffdepots ( (The active ingredients of the drug depots 61 61 ) im Filters ( ) (In the filter 6 6 ) wird feines Metallpulver, vornehmlich eisenhaltig, beigemengt. ) Is fine metal powder, primarily in iron, added. Dieses kann das Wirkstoffdepot nicht verlassen. This can not leave the drug depot.
  • Wird der Filter ( If the filter ( 6 6 ) in den wiederverwendbaren Teil der Zigarette ( ) (In the reusable portion of the cigarette 5 5 ) eingesteckt, registriert dies der Filtersensor ( plugged in), it registered the filter sensor ( 57 57 ) und schaltet die Schwingungserzeugungseinheit ( ) And switches the vibration generating unit ( 55 55 ) zu. ) To. Die erzeugte niederfrequente Schwingung wird an die Spule ( The low-frequency vibration generated is (to the coil 56 56 ) geleitet und ruft durch die in dem Metallpulver induzierten Wirbelströme eine Erwärmung des Metallpulvers und damit des gesamten Wirkstoffdepots hervor. ) And routed calls by the induced eddy currents in the metal powder, heating the metal powder and thus the entire drug depots produced. Die erzeugte Temperatur lässt sich durch die Auswahl der Größe, Form und Materialbeschaffenheit des beigemengten Metalls sowie durch die zugeführte Energie steuern. The temperature generated can be controlled by selecting the size, shape and material characteristics of the added metal, as well as by the supplied energy.
  • Wird der auswechselbare Filter ( If the replaceable filter ( 6 6 ) entnommen, so trennt der Filtersensor ( ) Is removed, the filter separates sensor ( 57 57 ) den Stromkreis zur elektronischen Schwingungserzeugungseinheit ( ) The circuit for electronic vibration generating unit ( 55 55 ). ).
  • Vergisst der Raucher dies nach Nutzung der Zigarette, übernimmt die Zeitsteuerung ( of smokers forget this after use of the cigarette, the timing assumes ( 53 53 ) die Trennung des Stromkreises, zB nach 3 Minuten. ) The isolation of the circuit, for example, after 3 minutes.
  • Diese Methode ist besonders energieeffizient, da die Leistungsübertragung durch Induktion etwa um das 1.000fache effektiver ist, als die Leistungsübertragung durch Berührung mit einer Heizquelle. This method is particularly energy-efficient because the power transmission by induction is more effective at about 1000-fold, as the power transmission by contact with a heat source.

Claims (3)

  1. Wiederverwendbarer Teil für eine rauchfreie Zigarette, dadurch gekennzeichnet , dass dieser einen Akku ( A reusable part for a smokeless cigarette, characterized in that it (a battery 11 11 ), einen Filtersensor ( ), (A filter sensor 12 12 ), einen Luftstromsensor ( ), (An air flow sensor 13 13 ), einen Glühfaden ( ), (A filament 14 14 ), eine Zeitsteuerung ( ), A time control ( 15 15 ), Luftlöcher ( (), Air holes 16 16 ) und Ladekontakte ( () And charging contacts 17 17 ) enthält, bei der durch Anstecken eines Filters der Glühfaden vorgeheizt wird und beim Ziehen an der Gesamtkonstruktion der Zigarette der Glühfaden auf Arbeitstemperatur gebracht wird. ) Contains, in which the filament is pre-heated by connecting a filter and is brought to operating temperature upon pulling of the overall construction of the cigarette of the filament.
  2. Wiederverwendbarer Teil für eine rauchfreie Zigarette, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass dieser einen Akku ( A reusable part for a smokeless cigarette, characterized in that it (a battery 31 31 ), Ladekontakte ( (), Charging contacts 32 32 ), eine Zeitsteuerung ( ), A time control ( 33 33 ), Luftlöcher ( (), Air holes 34 34 ) und zwei elektrische Filterkontakte ( () And two electrical contacts filter 35 35 ) enthält sowie ein Filter mit Wirkstoffdepot ( ) And includes a filter with active agent depot ( 4 4 ), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass dieser ein elektrisches Heizelement ( ), Characterized in that this (an electrical heating element 41 41 ) und elektrische Filterkontakte ( ) And electrical filter contacts ( 42 42 ) enthält, so dass durch Zusammenstecken beider Teile ein elektrischer Kontakt hergestellt und das Heizelement und somit der Wirkstoff auf Arbeitstemperatur gebracht wird. ) So that an electrical contact by fitting together the two parts and the heating element and thus the active ingredient is brought to operating temperature.
  3. Wiederverwendbarer Teil für eine rauchfreie Zigarette, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass dieser einen Akku ( A reusable part for a smokeless cigarette, characterized in that it (a battery 51 51 ), Ladekontakte ( (), Charging contacts 52 52 ), eine Zeitsteuerung ( ), A time control ( 53 53 ), Luftlöcher ( (), Air holes 54 54 ), eine elektronische Schwingungserzeugungseinheit ( (), An electronic vibration generating unit 55 55 ), eine Spule ( ), a coil ( 56 56 ) und eine Filtersensor ( ) And a filter sensor ( 57 57 ) enthält sowie ein Filter mit Wirkstoffdepot, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass diesem feines Metallpulver beigemengt ist, so dass bei Anstecken des Filters eine niederfrequente Spannung erzeugt wird, die – übertragen durch die Spule ( ) And includes a filter with active ingredient depot, characterized in that this fine metal powder so that a low-frequency voltage is generated in plugging of the filter is incorporated, - transfer (through the coil 56 56 ) – Wirbelstromverluste in dem beigemengten Metallpulver hervorruft und somit den Wirkstoff im Wirkstoffdepot ( produces eddy current losses in the admixed metal powder and thus the active substance (the active substance deposit -) 61 61 ) des Filters ( () Of the filter 6 6 ) auf Betriebstemperatur bringt. ) Brings to operating temperature.
DE200610004484 2006-01-29 2006-01-29 Re-usable part for smoke-free cigarette, has filament preheated by attaching filter, where filament is brought to operating temperature, when pulling on entire construction of cigarette Withdrawn DE102006004484A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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