DD158500A5 - Adapter for cutting and putting the corn stems, as well as for breaking the corn - Google Patents

Adapter for cutting and putting the corn stems, as well as for breaking the corn Download PDF

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Publication number
DD158500A5
DD158500A5 DD22988581A DD22988581A DD158500A5 DD 158500 A5 DD158500 A5 DD 158500A5 DD 22988581 A DD22988581 A DD 22988581A DD 22988581 A DD22988581 A DD 22988581A DD 158500 A5 DD158500 A5 DD 158500A5
Authority
DD
German Democratic Republic
Prior art keywords
adapter
pair
corn
cutting
driven rotary
Prior art date
Application number
DD22988581A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Ede Pszotka
Gyula Papp
Lajos Lakos
Original Assignee
Mezoegepfejlesztoe Intezet
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to HU162380A priority Critical patent/HU184307B/en
Application filed by Mezoegepfejlesztoe Intezet filed Critical Mezoegepfejlesztoe Intezet
Publication of DD158500A5 publication Critical patent/DD158500A5/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • A01D45/021Cornheaders

Abstract

The invention relates to an adapter which can be mounted on a grain combine or a corn harvesting machine. It is an object of the invention to recover the corn stalks and pistons lossless. The invention has for its object to provide an adapter that does the cutting and folding the corn stalk and corncob rupturing in one operation. Geloest this task is characterized in that the cutting device per plant row consists of at least one driven rotary blade, the driven rotary blade in the area under the tips of Maiskolbenbrechwalzenpaare, or seen in the direction of travel - are arranged in the area in front of the tips of the crushing rollers, also the adapter in rows one each, the driven rotary blade or the rotary knives supplied device consisting of pair of chains and cam pair for Stengelhalten and Foerdern the cut corn plants is provided to the Maiskolbenbrechwalzenpaaren out. The adapter according to the invention is used for harvesting maize. DD # AP

Description

29.7 * 1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
Adapter for cutting and placing corn stalks and corncob rupture
Field of application of the invention
The invention relates to a mountable on a cereal combos or a corn crop target machine adapter, in addition to the breaking of the corncob also cuts off the corn stalks and can move them in series.
Characteristic of the known technical solutions
At present, the most widely used method of harvesting corn kernels is to use an adapter mounted on a cereal combi with the corncob crush adapter mounted in place of the grain combi cutter. The piston break adapters which generally operate in a series system the pistons from the stems and feed them to the threshing device of the combine. The cornstalks which have come down and are left on the farmland in a tattered condition are generally not brought in, but remain scattered and are later plowed up. However, this has the disadvantage that the large stem masses even in pre-shredded ;;.! Condition can not be well plowed in / ground, so that a correspondingly good preparation of the seed for the next sowing requires additional processing with the Rigolpflug »In this way then go the corn stalks for any further use (as stable litter, feed, fuel, etc .. ) finally lost »
229
..taw lu «a ^ ra ^
29.7 * 1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
In the search for an economic bulk feed for cattle breeding today, the agricultural by-products come to the fore; among these, the use of the stem, the otherwise grown as a grain crop maize plant for animal feed. On the other hand, intensive efforts are being made to use and exploit flammable agricultural by-products of relatively high energy content, such as maize stalks, for heating purposes, in particular for fuel oils, due to the explosive price increase for energy sources.
In view of all this, there is an increasing need to find a simple mechanical solution for harvesting and placing the maize stems, which would otherwise be harvested on grain.
An alternative for the introduction of the corn stalks is that after the grain harvest by breaking the piston with the cereal combiners, in a second operation, the stalk remaining on the soil harvested separately, and cut into chaff or z. But alldas allows only with great losses, and in doubtful goodness a collection and home driving of the corn stalks. Because of the wheels of the Kombine 40-50 % of the shortage inventory are so much down-driven and crushed that these stalks can not be harvested in a second operation. Due to heavy soiling due to adhering field crops, these low-impact, crushed stems' can no longer be used for use as chopped forage feeds »
Also known are corn harvesting machines which combine the simultaneous harvesting of corn kernels and corn stalks.
07/29/1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
judge. However, such target machines are very expensive, and their distribution is also very limited by that ? that in times of peak peak load, the operators can not provide the necessary means of transport and manpower to drive in at the same time as corn stalks with the corn kernel.
This problem is eliminated by those known proposals in which at the same time as the piston breaking the corn stalks are placed in series »Such devices are, for example, the well-known Italian Kolbenbrech-, and Stumgelumleg adapter of the type" Gazziero "and" Laverda ". The two solutions have the advantage that the whole amount of stems remains in retractable and usable state on the farmland by row-wise folding and later, when the Herbstarbeitspitze is over, can be retracted in a second operation with the necessary means of transport ·
The common feature of the latter solutions is that they are equipped for cooperation with independent adapters, namely with a piston break adapter and a Stengelschneid- and Umlegeadapter »
In this constructive structure, however, certain shortcomings of the known Umschlag- and Kolbenbrech adapters are hidden · "Ba namely the two adapters - according to their function - work sequentially, the Durchsatzfähigkait the whole Ge-action is inevitably 'by the performance of the other, d» Further, the stem cutting device provided under the piston crusher greatly restricts the space for installing the auger insertion and relocation screws, as it does
72 9
07/29/1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
limits the screw diameter. Therefore, such adapter combined for Stumgelumlegen and piston breaking can convert at most the amount of 4-6 rows of corn satisfactorily in series.
Object of the invention
It is an object of the invention to design an adapter for cutting and incarcerating corn stalks and for breaking the corncobs appropriately so that the corn stalks and pistons can be introduced lossless and the throughput can be significantly increased.
Explanation of the essence of the invention
The problem to be solved by the invention is to provide such a device in which, in terms of performance, the two works / namely the cutting and folding of the corn stalks and the corncob rupturing are performed in full harmony with each other.
According to the invention the object is achieved in that for the cutting of the corn stalks, their flipping and breaking the flask an adapter is arranged, which per se known Stengelablenker, .je row a mutually di'shendes provided with tips crushing roller pair, arranged above a Stengaleinbring- and Umlegeeinheit, as well as a cutting device has. According to the invention, this adapter has been developed in such a way that the cutting device per plant row consists of at least one driven rotary knife, the rotating rotary knives being located locally in the region below the tips of the maize heads.
29o7.1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
kolbenbreohwalzenpaare, seen in the direction of travel but in the space in front of the tips of the crushing rollers are »Furthermore, the adapter is provided with a unit in which each row the rotating rotary blade (the rotary blades) is added a rod holder and a device that the cut corn plants the piston-crushing rollers passes on *
By the above measures, ie. in that the rotary knife cutting device has been moved further forward ', you will gain space under the piston crushing rollers, so that you can increase the diameter of the screw conveyors Stengeleinbring- and Umlegeeinheit, and thereby increases the throughput. With the rotating rotary knives, the stem holders and another transport unit work together, which hold the corn stalks for cutting, and then pass them to the pair of rollers for rupture of the piston.
The stem holding and Fortfördervorrichtung can be formed, for example, as a mutually rotating, provided with drivers chain pair whose two front sprockets - together with, each a rotating rotary knife - are mounted on a rotatably mounted shaft * The waves are useful from the piston-carrying Mitnehmerketten driven »But also such an execution is possiblej in which the organ for the holding and / or conveying of the stalks is designed as a squared pair of discs *
An advantage is also such an embodiment, in which the Stengelhalte- and Umgege units are provided with a pair of screws «that from each a left and right
AP A01D / 229 885 59 215 24
common console screw conveyor, with the pair of screws is installed transversely to the direction of travel. The free ends of the console feed screws are arranged at a certain distance »whereby the permeability of the machine is effectively supported and increased. Instead of a pair of snails but you can also use for this purpose me a single snail, the ejection end but at least on the ITi ed erwalz track of Kombine should protrude «The Stengeleinbring- and UmIegeeinheit can ζ. B. in a 3-4-row adapter also made of two baffles v / earth, which against the to be poured transferred-ιStengelreihe out with inclination built v / earth »
embodiment
The adapter according to the invention will now be explained in more detail in its technical and func tional .Einzelheiten on the basis of a Ausfiihrungsbeispieles »The accompanying drawings show:
Pig «1: Side view of a variant of the adapter
Pig »" la: Side view of another variant of the adapter
FIGS. 2 and 2a: the adapter according to FIG. 1 and FIG
one-way top view.
The adapter shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 4 has a corncob-crusher roller pair 6 provided with tips 4 in a manner known per se in a known manner, and a corncob-crusher-roller pair 6 arranged above it
AP A01D / 229 885 59 215 24
Corncob, carry-along pair of driving chains 5, as well as below the corncob crushing roller pairs 6 arranged a Stengeleinbring- and Umlegeeinheit, as well as a stem cutting device.
According to the invention, the cutting device per corn plant row consists of at least one (in the present case two) driven rotary blades 3, which are arranged here in the space in front of the tips 4 of the corncob crushing roller pairs 6. The movement direction is indicated by an arrow. In each row, the two driven rotary knives 3 are each provided with a stem holder and a unit for conveying the cut maize plants to the maize grain breaking roller pair 6; The former is in this case a mutually rotating chain pair 2 * Its two front sprockets are - together with one driven rotary blade 3 - on a rotatably mounted. Fastened while its rear sprockets coupled in drive coupling with the stems wegbefordernden Mitnehmerkettenpaar 5. For this purpose, the front sprockets of Mitnehmerkettenpaares 5 and the rear sprockets of the chain pair 2 are mounted on a common shaft »
The Stengeleinbring- and Umlegevorrichtung is here as a transversely to the direction of travel arranged screw pair 7 is formed, each consisting of a right and left-common screw conveyor, wherein between the free ends of the screw conveyors, a distance was provided by Stengelreihenbreite in order to avoid blockages »(The pair of screws 7 was marked with a dashed line in Pig» 2) The pair of screws 7 is provided in a known manner with a trough 8 which is open at the back *
i b ö ö b
29.7-1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
Behind the piston-carrying Mitnehmerkettenpaar 5 is provided in per se, known manner, a Kolbenzubringschnecke 10 and a task unit 11. The movement of the adapter by means of drive 9 * To prevent winding of the stalks on the corncob crushing roller pairs 6, these are provided with known protective blades 13 »
In operation, the mounted on a combination, not shown, or a corn harvester aufmont er adapter shown in FIG. 1 and 2 in the direction of the arrow in the corn field forward. The stems 1 push the corn plants to the stems holding and advancing chain pairs 2 * The driven rotary blades 3 4 cut off the stalks as soon as they have been detected by the pairs of chains 2 »Hereafter the cut corn plants from the pairs of chains 2 to the corncob crushing roller pairs. 6 conveyed. The corncob crushing roller pairs 6 pull the corn plants downwardly behind them, the rollers separating the corncobs from the stems. The separated corncobs are conveyed by the driver chain pairs 5 via a Kolbenzubringerschnecke 10 in the not shown threshing unit of the Kombine * The pulled through the corncob Brechwaizenpaare 6 stems but by dsm screw pair 7, which is responsible for the introduction and ümlegung the stems, transported to the middle and placed there on dsm stubble in series »The laying of the stems is still effectively supported by the stubble that has not yet been depressed in this strip, thereby providing the functions of a" Abziehkammes ".
In Fig. 1, for simplicity, the "at a
29 * 7.1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
3-4 row adapter as Stengeleinbring- and Umlegevorrichtung usable baffles 14 shown. In such cases, of course, the pair of screws 7 falls away »The baffles 14 must be arranged inclined to Stengelumlegestreifen.
The other variant according to Pig * 1a and 2a agrees in essence with the solutions in Pig »1 and Pig. 2 agree »A difference exists only insofar as here the rotating rotary blades 3 are arranged directly below the tips 4 of the Maiskolbenbrechwalsenpaare 6, further, that here serves as Stenhaltehalte- and Portfördereinheit a pair of Hockenscheiben 15. The discs of the Uockenscheibenpaares 15 are - together with one driven rotary blade 3 - mounted on rotatably mounted shafts. In the present Palle are on the waves and the front sprockets of the corn cobs weiterführender driver-chain pairs 5 are fixed so that the pairs of slices disk 15 get their drive from the driver chain pairs 5.
Of course, the driven rotary blade 3 and / or the pair of squirrels 15, or »the pair of chains 2 can also be provided with their own drives * The pair of screws 7 can z * B * replaced by a single screw v / earth, the end of which laterally on the track Projecting combined track
The experiments, which were carried out with the adapter according to the invention shown as an embodiment, have proved that of us. was created in view of his work and its throughput well-coordinated, complex corn stalk adapter, which
07/29/1981
AP A01D / 229,885
59 215 24
even with a version for 7-8 rows of maize plants works perfectly and can be used effectively. Due to the proposed application of the cutting device, the stubble height can be arbitrarily selected in fallow cornfield. You can z. B. by leaving shorter stubble increase the amount of retractable and usable stem material, on the other hand, but thereby ensure more favorable starting conditions for the application of the proposed method. The adapter according to the invention is also a simple and reliable working tool in its construction. Through its use, those cumbersome assembly and adjustment work can be avoided, which must be carried out in the known solutions, when the stem cutting and Aufschlichtungs adapter under the Maiskolbenbrechadapter on or must be removed from there »

Claims (6)

  1. 29.7.1981 AP A01 D / 229 885 59 215 24 Inventor's pruch
  2. 1. Adapters for cutting and flipping the corn stalks, and corncob crushers which can be mounted on combines or corn harvesting machines with stubble core, row by row, each with a rotating, spiked crushing roller pair, but fitted with a pair of driving chains for port transport of the corncobs, but provided under the crushing roller pairs with a Stengeleinbring- and Umlegeeinheit, as well as with a cutting device, characterized in that the cutting device per plant row at least a driven rotary knife (3), wherein the driven rotary knives (3) .im area under the tips ( 4) of the corncob crushing roller pairs (6), or - seen in the direction of travel - are arranged in the area in front of the tips (4) of the crushing rollers, furthermore the adapter in rows with one, the driven rotary blade (3.) or «the driven rotary knives (3) delivered device consisting of chain pair (2) and cam npaar (15) for holding stems and conveying the cut maize plants to the corncob crushing roller pairs (β) out is provided *
    2 »adapter according to item 1, characterized in that the Stengelhalte- and Fortfördervorrichtung is designed as a mutually rotating chain pair (2) for driving, the two front sprockets - are mounted together with one rotary blade - on rotatably mounted shafts, the Waves but advantageous with the Mitnehmerkettenpaar (5) for Kolbenfortbeförderung in driving connection.
    223
    29 * 7.1981
    AP A01 D / 229 885 '
    59 215 24
  3. 3. Adapter according to item 1, characterized in that the Stengelhalte- and Fortfördervorrichtung is designed as mutually rotating cam disc pair (15), the discs - together with one driven rotary blade (3) - are mounted on rotatably mounted shafts, wherein the shafts of the pair of squib plates (15) are advantageously drivingly coupled to the pair of driving chains (5) for piston displacement.
  4. 4. Adapter according to point 1-3 »characterized by the fact that the string has at least one screw pair (7) mounted transverse to the direction of travel and consisting of a respective left and right-hand console screw conveyor screw, wherein between the free ends the worm of the worm pair (7) is left a distance from the width of the folded stalk strip ".
  5. 5. adapter according to item 1-3 »characterized in that the stem holding and Umlegvorrichtimg has a single screw conveyor, which is installed transversely to the direction of travel, with their discharge end extends laterally at least over the collapsed by the combine strip,
  6. 6. Adapter according to item 1-3? characterized in that the Stengelhslte- and Umlegevorrichtung consists of at least two baffles (14), which are arranged inclined to the strip for the folded-Maisstengel.
    Hlerzo .4 Rare drawings
DD22988581A 1980-07-01 1981-05-12 Adapter for cutting and putting the corn stems, as well as for breaking the corn DD158500A5 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
HU162380A HU184307B (en) 1980-07-01 1980-07-01 Adapter for cutting down corn-stalk and putting in swath as well as breaking corn-ear

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DD158500A5 true DD158500A5 (en) 1983-01-19

Family

ID=10955371

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DD22988581A DD158500A5 (en) 1980-07-01 1981-05-12 Adapter for cutting and putting the corn stems, as well as for breaking the corn

Country Status (5)

Country Link
BG (1) BG40641A3 (en)
DD (1) DD158500A5 (en)
DE (1) DE3115723C2 (en)
FR (1) FR2485871B1 (en)
HU (1) HU184307B (en)

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3414576C2 (en) * 1984-04-17 1988-04-21 Bekescsabai Mezoegazdasagi Gepgyarto Es Szolgaltato Vallalat, Bekescsaba, Hu
FR2563406B1 (en) * 1984-04-27 1986-12-12 Bekescsabai Mezogazdasagi Gepg Multi-row apparatus for full harvesting of seedling plants, mainly corn and sunflower
DE4108494A1 (en) * 1991-03-15 1992-09-17 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag CUTTERS FOR COMBINATION
DE19734747B4 (en) * 1997-08-12 2005-02-03 Claas Saulgau Gmbh Corn harvest attachment for attachment to a self-propelled harvester
CN1074240C (en) * 1998-11-10 2001-11-07 李兴全 Corn harvester, its front harvesting bench and its machine set for joint job of harvest and cultivation
DE10257776A1 (en) * 2002-12-11 2004-06-24 Maschinenfabrik Kemper Gmbh & Co. Kg Feeding and picking device
HU229564B1 (en) 2007-01-26 2014-02-28 Optigep Kft Harvest adapter equipped with stalk crusher for cereals, mainly for sunflower
CN101773021B (en) * 2010-02-26 2012-10-31 孙明芹 Combined harvesting machine for corn ears and stems
BE1022944B1 (en) * 2015-08-31 2016-10-20 Cnh Industrial Belgium Nv Frame of a mower for harvesting crops on stems
BE1023184B1 (en) * 2015-08-31 2016-12-13 Cnh Industrial Belgium Nv STRUCTURE OF A MOWER FOR HARVESTING CROP ON STEMS
DE102015115626A1 (en) 2015-09-16 2017-03-16 Claas Hungaria Kft. header

Family Cites Families (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1220092A (en) * 1958-12-30 1960-05-23 Corn harvester
US3399517A (en) * 1965-08-20 1968-09-03 Case Co J I Harvester header
US3404516A (en) * 1965-10-15 1968-10-08 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Corn harvester
DE2210635C3 (en) * 1972-03-06 1974-10-31 Paul 8021 Baierbrunn Jauss
FR2219743B1 (en) * 1973-03-02 1976-04-30 Rivierre Casalis
DE2449314A1 (en) * 1974-10-16 1976-04-29 Deutsche Geraetebau Gmbh Separate or simultaneous corn harvesting - corn plants cut drawn in and chopped and surplus material ejected
FR2402394B2 (en) * 1975-12-10 1983-09-09 Fortschritt Veb K
US4072002A (en) * 1976-08-11 1978-02-07 Sperry Rand Corporation Rotary severing mechanism for a row crop header
US4086749A (en) * 1976-08-16 1978-05-02 Sperry Rand Corporation Adjustable width row crop header
FR2369785B1 (en) * 1976-11-03 1980-03-14 Rivierre Casalis
US4148175A (en) * 1977-04-01 1979-04-10 Miller Kent A Corn stalk harvester and windrow attachment for a corn picker header

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE3115723A1 (en) 1982-03-04
BG40641A3 (en) 1986-01-15
DE3115723C2 (en) 1985-05-09
HU184307B (en) 1984-08-28
FR2485871B1 (en) 1986-01-03
FR2485871A1 (en) 1982-01-08

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