CN87108398A - The processing method of daily necessities material and equipment thereof - Google Patents

The processing method of daily necessities material and equipment thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN87108398A
CN87108398A CN198787108398A CN87108398A CN87108398A CN 87108398 A CN87108398 A CN 87108398A CN 198787108398 A CN198787108398 A CN 198787108398A CN 87108398 A CN87108398 A CN 87108398A CN 87108398 A CN87108398 A CN 87108398A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
equipment
yoke
pipe
supporter
Prior art date
Application number
CN198787108398A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
莱纳斯·梅达
Original Assignee
莱纳斯·梅达
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH05038/86 priority Critical
Priority to CH503886 priority
Application filed by 莱纳斯·梅达 filed Critical 莱纳斯·梅达
Publication of CN87108398A publication Critical patent/CN87108398A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/18Disc mills specially adapted for grain
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/10Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills with eccentric discs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/11Details
    • B02C7/14Adjusting, applying pressure to, or controlling distance between, discs

Abstract

A kind ofly be used to process the method for daily necessities and the formula equipment of milling, it utilizes two to be arranged on operation element in the equipment support with the use that matches of two end faces of its opposite face at least, and one of them operation element is driven directly.Processed material is to finish in a very short process-cycle with high process velocity under cold conditions, obtains high-quality purified product thus.The formula equipment of milling is a kind of high performance equipment, it changes in open-and-shut mode according to specific instructions for use, just can provide one to have the grinding equipment that extensive use is used as far as possible so that only connect same set of removable equipment component by an equipment.

Description

The present invention relates to the processing that a kind of daily necessities material and medicine processing method also further are applied to obsolete material, and relate to the equipment of a kind of formula of milling of finishing this method, this equipment to utilize at least two operation elements on its equipment base on the end face of their opposite faces, cooperatively interact work and also wherein at least one element directly drag by rotating drive.
The formula equipment of milling is applied to various commercial objects and domestic. applications purpose, according to the characteristic of its certain products with want the product processed classification to cause having developed the design of various special equipments.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of dynamical method and the formula equipment of milling accordingly, the structural design of this equipment and simple to operate, and handling safety is provided and need not maintenance, can also change into a kind of simple device form of special use for each specific purposes, only utilize some removable equipment components, the multiduty formula equipment of milling is provided, this equipment is used as a kind of scope of application multipurpose plant as far as possible widely, this equipment can provide as cereal or food and mill, or oil plant is milled, also can provide a kind of fruit to mill, especially for milling that the grape of band stem is used, the grinding milling that is used for the nut decapsidate, especially for the laboratory of fine grinding medicine with milling, process the stone roller that grinds that various slurries use, be not unessential being used for to process product and the material that contains moisture content again at last by also can processing simultaneously of wood chip production lignocellulosic pulp than product and the material done, and can handle the various liquid that add, otherwise perhaps also can handle, Here it is with various fluid product parts by separating in the product.
According to the present invention, a kind of processing method that relates to daily necessities and the medicine and the material of the refuse that can further use; Specific material, such as cereal, fruit, nut or medicine are delivered to external force effect of at least one central material collection part as far as possible not collect on the periphery of part in above-mentioned material with applying centrifugal force under the situation of eddy current incessantly by the weight of itself and/or by at least one rotation material conveying device, converge with above-mentioned periphery and to enter in the materials processing part, this part is compared much smaller with material collection unit branch, material is under very high process velocity in the processing part, in very short process time, process with complete cold conditions, and can be randomly, the each several part of finished material is separated each other, and gone out by the materials processing partial discharge respectively.
A kind of formula of milling equipment that is used to realize described method, this equipment will adopt two operation elements at least, this operation element be arranged on the equipment support and with its facing to the both ends of the surface work that matches, and one of at least two elements directly drag by a device of rotation driving, it is characterized in that: this equipment support, by changing its position, turn round such as the revolution of parts by the equipment support and together with each parts and the element of equipment, be suitable for adopting in simple mode with manually opening the replacing of carrying out equipment component, the jockey that utilization can repeatedly be unclamped and close, for example adopt a hinged joint randomly to match with a snap ring type locker, and be suitable for reconnecting in simple mode, like this so that form a support system that is used to process specific material, this system comprises two operation elements at least, each element is arranged on the supporter, above-mentioned supporter is eccentric mutually each other, and have at least the arrangement of a supporter will make it change its position by an adjusting device in two supporters with respect to another supporter, and in two supporters one will to have an operation element that is supported in above it be place's idle running tumbled condition, supporter plays simultaneously supplies with two effects in the materials collection part between the operation element that enter with material, this supporter is to be designed to a static material supply with pipe or be one at least and match with the supply pipe and be relative static pipe in supporter, two operation elements all by coupling element so that the mode of changing be connected respectively on the relevant supporter, the equipment support is then according to the requirement of material, at least be provided with the various piece that a director element is used to collect or separate certain material, be arranged at least one material feed element on the support according to the requirement of machined material, a material conveying device and one or several material discharge apparatus to be set selectively at least be used for the material that processing crosses or the discharging of material each several part, and wherein at least one device of rotation driving (9) is arranged on and is used for dragging of an operation element at least, and according to processed material requirements, the conveying device that is provided for certain material selectively also is connected together with the material transport portion selectively, for finishing said apparatus and specific connecting by coupling unit of device of rotation driving.
By what the various advantages that the present invention obtained at first can be seen be, the use of the economy of equipment, when being when under atmospheric pressure, working in support, can equipment be installed on the specific ground selectively, but also can adopt more solid design, can utilize this equipment under higher pressure, to carry out the processing of material, and can be in a short especially process time to the equipment support, make operation element carry out the running of higher speed, and specific final products are guaranteed high-quality.
In addition, below by description, will further show various additional advantages of the present invention in detail to the various accompanying drawings of each embodiment.
Now will be by way of example, shown in conjunction with the accompanying drawings various embodiment are the basis, the present invention are explained in more detail, and nonrestrictive explanation.Wherein:
Fig. 1 shows an axial cross section side view that is in the formula of the milling equipment of preparation state;
Fig. 2 shows that equipment shown in Figure 1 is in the side view of full open position, and it is by outwards revolution or side direction are lifted realization with the yoke of equipment or yoke shape support cover;
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 show the linking portion that easily unclamps of equipment operation element shown in Figure 1 and its support part;
Fig. 5 is a side cross-sectional view that shows according to the formula equipment of milling of the present invention, and it is compared with embodiment shown in Figure 1 is improved;
Fig. 6 is presented at further follow-on diagrammatic sketch that material conveying aspect adopts the conveying device of a lobe pump (Roots pump) form, and this device can be used among the embodiment shown in Figure 5,
Fig. 7 is the side view that shows the major part of operation element shown in Figure 5, forms by a brush and a sieve, and between them the planar side view that matches;
Fig. 8 shows that by its vertical axial cross section of middle body enlarged drawing, wherein the difference with Fig. 5 is that its operation element all is the form of the pan mill when for example being applied to grind grain according to apparatus embodiments shown in Figure 5;
Fig. 9 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view that shows an apparatus embodiments same as shown in Figure 8, but it is the sectional view that this diagrammatic sketch intersects;
Figure 10 is a part that shows axial cross section shown in Figure 9, but replaces pan mill as operation element with brush and sieve;
Figure 11 is that a part that shows a filter is used for the processing of material in order to replace sieve;
Figure 12 is a top plan view that shows equipment shown in Figure 5, and wherein device of rotation driving is arranged on the outside of equipment support, only demonstrates its V-shaped belt pulley among the figure; With
Figure 13 shows one at the side view of observing towards the direction of equipment yoke.
In Fig. 1, an axial cross section side view that shows the embodiment of the formula equipment of milling, this equipment is in the preparation state and is used to realize method of the present invention, material to be processed is with label 1 expression, a kind of conveying device of Available Material, represent with label 2 as worm screw or pump (concrete condition is seen Fig. 5 and Fig. 6), a central material is collected part with label 3 expressions, this periphery of collecting part is with label 4 expressions, quite little materials processing partly is with 5 expressions, the whole formula equipment of milling is with label 6 expressions, its support is with label 7 expressions, with the operation element of the both ends of the surface cooperating on its opposite with label 8 expressions, its device of rotation driving is with label 9 expressions, repeating on support 7 unclamp and the hookup mechanism of closing with label 10 expressions, and can comprise a hinged joint 11 and a cingulum type closer 12 that matches with it.Each of two operation elements 8 all is arranged on its supporter 13 individually, these two supporters 13 are eccentric each other, one arrangement at least two supporters 13 to make it can and another supporter 13 between change by adjusting device 14 occurrence positions, and in two supporters 13 one has with it connects mutually and is supported in a operation element 8 above it with the state of swing, running freely.Supporter 13 is used for that in addition material 1 supply is entered material and collects part 3, this part is between the matching surface of two operation elements 8, perhaps enter the pipe that one and this supporter 13 match and the part of a material feed element 18 for example, promptly be designed to a static feed pipe 15.The principal advantages that can obtain is thus, in addition when operation element be when under high speed, turning round, the supply of material always can guarantee to carry out under continual state.Two operation elements 8 can be bound up in the mode that is easy to change by the supporter 13 of coupling element 16 coupled knots.This just can make operation element simply and quickly change or replace under each desired specific working condition.According to material 1, equipment support 7 can have randomly that a director element 17 is used to collect or especially for the separation of processed material 1 each several part.In addition, have at least a material feed element 18 to be arranged on the equipment support 7, this feed element will be according to material to be processed 1, be complementary with the material conveying device 2 of at least one conveying worm 99 pattern of choosing wantonly, particularly be complementary with a transport portion 112 or a delivery pump (as Fig. 6, shown in 8 and 9) such as the lobe pump form.The discharging of machined material or material each several part 1 is to be arranged on equipment support 7 following material discharge elements 19 by one or several to carry out.At least on the operation element 8 of disc type, will be provided with the part that central authorities supply with opening 60 in material is supplied with the operation element 8 that pipe 15 is connected, this element is arranged on supporter 13 or on material supply pipe 15, this opening 60 is through amplifying in order to form a central material collection part 3, like this so that form the free space of a similar depression, this space is to extend at the periphery 4 towards operation element 8 radially, enter the materials processing part 5 of a gap shape between the both ends of the surface 61 of two operation elements 8, this processing part faces toward mutually.Be positioned at the processing dish 8(machine component of feed one side) have a basic frontier district 62 in its materials processing part 5 for annular.The axial cross section of this frontier district 62 is typically convex vertical centre cross section with respect to the end face 61 of another operation element 8, and like this, and frontier district 62 is exactly a convex.This zone is complementary with the convex end face 111 of the complementation of another operation element 8.By equipment 6, material 1 can be processed under pressure and under the high speed of device of rotation driving 9 fully, and the advantage of this High-speed machining is to process under with significant cold conditions in a short especially time.Material feed element 18 is arranged on the yoke 22 or on the support cover 23 of a yoke shape, this yoke can turn round around a hinged joint 11 as hookup mechanism 10 according to one end or boudary portion 24, support 7 can be opened again and close thus, in order be in materials processing part 5 the phase mutual edge distance of the end face 61 of two operation elements 8 to be carried out suitable adjustment according to the requirement of material 1 to be processed, hinged joint 11 is to be fixed on the adjusting device 14, this adjusting device is made up of a targeting part 25 and an adjustment member 27 that is fixed on the equipment support 7, and this adjustment member 27 is can axially adjusting on targeting part 25 at supporter 13 by an adjustment screw 26.
On the other end 28 of yoke 22, or at another boudary portion 29 places that are positioned at boudary portion 24 opposites, be provided with a hook 30, the outside of this hook extending equipment support 7, and on this hook, be linked with a snap ring type closer 12, play hookup mechanism 10, be provided with it at the one end and can repeat that mortise lock inserts and the locking belt 31 of the clasp 32 that repeats to unclamp.For the specific adjustment that adapts to adjustment member 27 requires or for the even adjustment of the space length between two end faces 61, can utilize one to adjust screw 35 can be fixed on 36 places, position of equipment support 7 at the clasp supporter 33 of the snap ring type closer 12 of the other end with readjusting.Because clasp supporter 33 can readjusted with the binding of band screw pins 34, this clasp supporter 33 is in the sliding sleeve 109 on an above-mentioned position 36 that is installed on the equipment support 7 and utilizes an adjustment screw 35 that is supported on this sliding sleeve 109 to lead, yoke 22 be to be undertaken in the adjustment of the position of one end by adjusting device 14, can readjust by adjusting screw 35 at its other end, so that be adapted to specific material 1 to be processed, the phase mutual edge distance between the end face 61 of operation element 8 just can be guaranteed uniformly thus.Yoke 22 or fork arm type equal support cover 23 have the supply that a central yoke opening 37 is used for specific material 1, feeder hopper 38 by a band of this yoke feeder hopper pipe 39 stretches in yoke 22 or the support cover 23, and above-mentioned feeder hopper 38 plays material feed element 18.
Static feeder hopper pipe 39 be by a pipe 40 with an interval 48, are effects of playing swing supporter 13 round, pipe 40 with one heart, and this pipe is to remain on the end 41 of yoke one side by one first annulus 42.This annulus 42 is to utilize a pin 43 to be arranged in one second annulus 44, like this so that swing around the axis of this pin 43, annulus 44 can be supported on the yoke flange 47 of yoke 22 or support cover 23 pivotally by a yoke pin 45 that has at the yoke bearing pin 46 that crosses out of described axle.Because static pipe 39, act on the centrifugal force on the pipe 40, can not act on the pipe 39, even when pipe 40 during, will pipe 39 be stopped up owing to the deposition of material 1 on the inwall of pipe 39 of supplying with as the pipe 39 of supply material 1 big rotation the at a high speed.
At feeder hopper pipe 39 with between a sealing ring 89 to be set at least with one heart around the pipe 40 of pipe 39, it specifically is a lip packing ring, can also make certain material to be processed 1 thus is to supply material at one greater than under the atmospheric pressure, also can be under the high speed conditions of pipe 40, one continuously material supply with situation and can be guaranteed, material processed under this working condition is in cold conditions fully, and material processed can be separated into various piece and emit at last.
Be equivalent to first operation element 8, such as first pan mill and brush, be that free end 49 with pipe 40 is coupled, and utilize a coupling element 16 its structural designs for pipe 40 is that but a kind of mortise lock inserts and releasable element 50 is realized, and pass through it with ground free to rotate, swingingly promptly supporting under the state pivotally.
End face on the opposite of first operation element 8, be provided with one second operation element 8, as one second pan mill, this dish is suitable for by a device of rotation driving 9, drag as a motor, between the end face of two operation elements 8, will leave the distance that freely to adjust 51 according to the requirement of material to be processed.
Second operation element 8 is arranged in the equipment support 7 or by a basis of support and is settling, in ordinary circumstance, inclined with respect to ground 120, have a parallel and eccentric position for the axis 52 of second operation element 8 in the axis 53 of feeder hopper pipe 39 and with respect to first operation element 8.Second operation element 8 is through block cam 54, this cam also plays coupling element 16, and the releasable hookup mechanism 86 of the rotor plate 55 by a drive unit 9 drags, also be designed to a coupling unit 20 for the rotor plate 55 that carries this operation element 8, in addition, also to be contained in the support storehouse 57 on the center side wall 56 of equipment support 7.Owing to adopt quick-replaceable coupling element 16 of operation element 8 to guarantee simple in structure.
Be to be provided with a catch tray 58 that is used for finished material 1 between the operation element 8 at one end for center side wall 56 other ends, this catch tray is collection material below this operation element 8, and has outlet 59 discharge member 19 as material at least.
Because the specific material 1 of processing and be to maintain at part 81 places at part 81 place's retainers 82 facing to supporter 13 facing to supporter 13 by a cup-shaped retainer 82 through that part of of frayed specific operation element 8, for part 81 is releasably to link by a block cam 54 that plays coupling element 16, and as the part of retainer 82 or its support plate 84, for rotor plate 55 or rib star 87(ribstar) be formed for the coupling unit 20 of specific supporter 13.Being arranged on first operation element 8 on the free end 49 of pipe 40 directly is attached on the coupling unit 20 on pipe 40 or the pipe 40, particularly utilize and be installed in the element 50 on the end 49 and be suitable for flexibly mortise lock on the border of operation element 8 and can unclamp by this position, thus just might be under favourable state, slide simply and go up and be fixed on the pipe 40, and remove from this pipe.At one end for part 81 and the other end for a coupling element 16 that connects mutually with them also being provided between the cup-shaped retainer 82 and being that mode with stationary cam 122 provides definite engagement between part 81 and 82, like this so that the operation element 8 to rotating, and relative motion does not take place between parts 81 and 82.Rely on the cup-shaped flange 113 of retainer 82, be guaranteed, and be at the high rotating speed of operation element 8 and take place thus can both be guaranteed under the situation of centrifugal force, be part 81 at least or can both keep together through frayed part 114.Material feed element 18 such as feeder hopper 69, generally comprises the quantity delivered that an adjustable measuring element 104 is used to control or regulate processed certain material, will dispose an actuation element 105 at least for this measuring element 104.
Fig. 2 shows embodiment illustrated in fig. 1ly, almost be a complete side view, and equipment support 7 is to be presented at its open mode, and this diagrammatic sketch obtains when yoke 22 is lifted by the side.The label of the equipment components that had shown in Fig. 1 is also represented with identical label in Fig. 2.Yoke 22 is to be presented at the state that lift at boudary portion 29 places that have hook 30, and adjusting device 14 is around hinged joint 11 rotating states simultaneously.One of two pins of label 43 expression, first annulus 42 that utilizes this pin will maintain pipe 40 is arranged in second annulus 44, like this so that turn round around the common axis of two pins 43.Yoke pin 45, the second annulus 44 by the yoke pin axle 46 that has horizontal expansion above-mentioned can utilize yoke flange 47 to turn round, and first operation element 8 is supported in can swing or can rotating state.
Fig. 3 shows a detailed view of giving an example with the releasable hookup mechanism (as shown in Figure 1) of the supporter swung 13 of the form of pipe 40 that has first operation element 8.The free end 49 of pipe 40 has one or a little elasticity mortise lock and unclamps element 50, this element plays coupling element 16, this element mortise lock is on the coupling element 20 on first operation element 8 and keep operation element 8 thus on position fixing with this, and still immobilizes when this element 8 is in rotary state.
As according to a modified of giving an example shown in Figure 3, Fig. 4 shows that one one end is that second operation element 8 and the other end are the detailed view of an embodiment of hookup mechanism releasably between the rotor plate 55 of device of rotation driving 9.Second operation element 8 comprises a cup-shaped retainer or socket 82, and this retainer will maintain through the parts 114 of frayed operation element 8 by processing specific material 1 to the part 81 facing to supporter 13.Therefore, retainer 82 is provided with block cam 86, this cam stretches out by the rotor plate 55 that plays coupling unit 20 effect, and these cams all are maintained in the groove 116 that is provided with on the free end 115 that above-mentioned rotor plate 55 stretches out, by being bound up in the groove 116 by rotating locking member 117.Specific locking member 117 is installed with around a clamping screw 118 on the rotor plate 55, and this clamping screw 118 is can rotating state clamping locking member 117.These locking members also show in Fig. 4 with side cross-sectional view and vertical view with the form of enlarged drawing.The releasable additional various modification that have the supporter 13 of operation element 8 all are described in following giving an example.
Operation element 8 has the basic structure form of a dish or a brush, and latter's brush will be chosen wantonly with a sieve and/or a screen pack at least.This dish its part at least has coarse end face part at least, and all is to be made by cast iron or ceramic material.Each end face 61 that requires operation element 8 according to material to be processed 1 all will be provided with radially or concentric rib, and this end face is the surface that cooperatively interacts mutually face-to-face, and above-mentioned rib also can be arranged the form that intermeshes in groups.
Fig. 5 shows the follow-on side cross-sectional view according to the embodiment of the formula equipment of milling shown in Figure 1.Pairing parts all are to represent with identical label among in Fig. 5 those and Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 to Fig. 4.Material to be processed is still with label 1 expression, a material conveying device is with label 2 expressions, and the mode that is configured to a conveying worm 99 is suitable for starting by a drive unit 9, mode perhaps with a delivery pump 100(as shown in Figure 6) is carried, it is with label 3 expressions that central material is collected part, this periphery of collecting part is with label 4 expressions, quite little materials processing part is between first and second operation elements 8, promptly between brush and at least one sieve, be with label 5 expressions, the formula equipment of milling do as a whole still with label 6 expression and around the equipment support of two operation elements 8 with label 7 expressions.This equipment support 7 is to be clamped by a support support rack 21.Each position 63 and 64 places (the seeing Figure 13 for details) of above-mentioned carriage 21, this two position is on the position, mutual opposite, is provided with a flange fork that is used for each bolt 60, and this fork is used to clamp yoke 22.By one in the bolt 68 of dismantling, then yoke 22 just can turn round around another bolt 68 on an end of its both ends 24 and 28 respectively, so then provides possibility to operation element 8 with the replacing or the replacement of plain mode especially.
The material feed element 18 that occurs with feeder hopper 69 forms all is provided with a band angle or crooked feeder hopper pipe 70 places together with the measuring element 104 that is arranged on wherein with actuation element 105.In other words this pipe 70 is fixedly attached to the hookup that constitutes on the yoke 22 by these two flanges 71,72 and separates by by tube coupling flange 71 that is installed in the funnel side and the pipe flange 72 that is installed in yoke 22 sides.The pipe parts 119 of feeder hopper pipe 72 is that this pipe parts of utilizing the tube coupling flange 70 on the yoke side to install with flange is stretched out by yoke 22, and be connected above the yoke securely, meanwhile, formation is the supporter 13 of the slave operation element 8 of concrete structure with the brush, wherein pipe parts 119 is carried round this pipe parts 119 and is played a V-shaped belt pulley 74, and the radial journal bearing 73 of the effect of the brush 8 that drags through this V-shaped belt pulley 74.This brush 8 has a central-feed opening 60 and is connected with pipe parts 119 and is used for that specific material to be processed is entered material and collects part 3.The additional supporter 13 that utilizes a form with axle 75 that is fixed on the support carriage 21 to exist has at least a sieve 8 that matches with brush 8 to be directed at and is in swing or revolution, the free end 76 of the axle 75 of free rotary state.The center line 78 and 77 of first and second supporters 13 from space observation, is parallel each other and is in eccentric position each other.
The contact plane 90 of two opposite end faces 61 of operation element 8 almost is in same position, the inner space 91 of equipment support 7 is divided again opens the each several part that is used for processed specific material 1 and accepts discretely, as being pulp mud on the other hand on the one hand for fruit stone or stone at it, this by one separately director element 17 carry out, this director element is that a removable two-way separates walls 92 and 93 forms.Form two storehouses 94 and 95 thus, each storehouse has an outlet 96 and 97, in order to play material discharge element 19.
The support support rack 21 of the formula of milling equipment 6 has an obliquity with respect to ground 120, so that the each several part of the finished certain material 1 that separate collection is got up can utilize the weight of itself automatically to be emitted by exporting 96 and 97 by storehouse 94 and 94, and can deliver to the other aspect that utilizes and go.
For a supporter 13 changing sieve 8 position with respect to the supporter 13 of another brush 8, adjusting device 14 is provided in the embodiment shown in fig. 1 and has readjusted device 108, two adjusting devices are used, and allow this adjusting device 14 to readjust automatically.
Fig. 6 is the change type of display material conveying device 2 with the form of Jie's lobe pump 100.This pump is placed in the feeder hopper pipe 70 in order to replace conveying worm 99 and can supply with fast rapidoprint.As in the embodiment shown in fig. 1, material feed element 18 can constitute by a feeder hopper 38 or by a material collection container or its similar device (not shown), through a tube device pump 100 is connected on this feeding device.
Fig. 7 mainly shows a side view of the operation element 8 that is made of a brush 8 and the sieve 8 that matches with it, and these operation elements 8 demonstrate in Fig. 5 roughly.In addition, sieve 8 has just shown a part in the vertical view.As at pan mill shown in Fig. 1, brush 8 is clamped in a cup-shaped retainer or the socket 82, and its central-feed opening is with label 60 expressions, and the near depression shape free space of its dust is with label 103 expressions.The sieve 8 that uses that matches with brush 8 utilizes a carriage 83 to maintain by a supporting ring 85, and supporting ring 85 is releasably to be connected on the rib star (rib star) or star rib apparatus 87 of supporting this ring 85.As in the plan view of sieve 8, can seeing, hole on it and eyelet, its effect is as carrying out a material processed part, is 121 path as its label of pulp mud.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged drawing that shows according to the middle body of the designed equipment of Fig. 5, an axial cross section side view shown to Fig. 8, and it and difference shown in Figure 5 are that its operation element 8 is to be made of pan mill, use when they are used for for example milling grain.
The working document that exists with the form of pan mill 8 is to utilize a V-shape belt 101 to be dragged as coupling unit 20 by device of rotation driving 9 through V-shaped belt pulleys 74, rotate around pipe parts 119 by radial journal bearing 73, the aforementioned tube subdivision is to utilize hookup 71,72 be installed on the feeder hopper pipe 70 with flange, and this pipe 70 is effects of static supporter 13 of playing the pan mill 8 of rotation.Like this, then driven V-shaped belt pulley 74 just rotates together with the rib star 87 that is dragged by above-mentioned belt pulley 84 around supporter 13 or pipe parts 119 by radial journal bearing 73.Rib star 87 is releasably to be connected on the cup-shaped retainer 82, as in the above in conjunction with as described in the designing institute of rotor plate 55.Still represent facing to that part of of the wearing terrain 114 on the pan mill 8 of supporter 13 with label 81.Retainer 82 still has block cam 86, this cam is as coupling element 16, and this element stretches out the effect of playing coupling unit 20 by trailing rib star 87, in this state, the free end 115 of each cam 86 is with its groove 116 outstanding positions that surpass rib star 87, the locking member 117 that is bound up on the cam 86 is installed on the rib star 87, like this so that can be around 118 revolutions of a clamping screw, insert in the groove 116 of the near block cam 86 of dust by the revolution latch, make thus pan mill 8 releasably mortise lock be inserted in the rib star 87, and just can replace or change another kind of operation element simply like this.Equally with the design of this knot pine, retainer 82 also can have the part 81 of the wearing terrain that is linked to pan mill 8 114 that fixed cam 112 is used to determine, this part 81 is facing to cup-shaped retainer 82.
Idle running pan mill 8, this dish and the pan mill 8 that drags by drive unit 9 are used, and to be dragged pan mill 8 identical with quilt basically for its structure.Main difference is to be present in by driven pan mill 8 therein in the heart 88, and the rib star 87 that applies the pan mill 8 that makes its rotation thereon with frictional force is on one in the side facing to supporter 13 is supported in a cup-shaped bearing 80 cup 79 that can swing.First pan mill 8 is positioned at the opposite of the second driven pan mill 8 and rotate is to lead by an additional supporter 13 that exists with the form of axle 75 with above-mentioned second pan mill 8, and axle 75 is to be fixed on the support support rack 21 with its free end 76, in this case, axle 75 can swing or the revolution mode under freely rotate, its axis 75 be engaged in the swing cup 79 and the fixed butt joint that forms swing cup 79 by the engagement voussoir that is provided between parts 76 and 79 thus is available through free end 76 rounding and recessed.
Operation element or pan mill 8 are to be surrounded by equipment support 7.Between support 7 and trailing rib star 84 and fixed axis 75, also have between driven pan mill 8 and stationary pipes part 119 in addition, all to be provided with sealing ring 89, like this so that make equipment 6 under an internal pressure conditions that is higher than atmospheric pressure, carry out work.As in Fig. 5, showing, equipment support 7 is separated by a two-way partition wall 92 and 93, for its part 92 is the inside that is fixed on static support 7, and be to be fixed on the pan mill 8 or its rib star 87 of idle running to another part 93, and to make it that some overlap joint is arranged each other a little for the arrangement of two parts 92 and 93, the distance of its overlap is to provide between above-mentioned two parts.A bearing seal 123 is arranged between radial journal bearing 73 and the driven rib star 84.
Other parts still adopt the identical label of corresponding parts in above each accompanying drawing in Fig. 8.Processed certain material 1 is carried by a static pipe parts 119, this part plays material conveying device 2, and enter material by a central-feed opening 61 that is connected with aforementioned tube subdivision 119 and collect part 3, and under the high rotating speed of pan mill 8, with centrifugal force material is foundered on the periphery of collecting part and to process, collecting part 3 in materials processing 5 followed by this material, is that the pan mill 8 that a side and process machined material 1 rotate with it by friction engagement is the changing of the relative positions that depends on (operation-dependent) of the course of work between the opposing party at driven pan mill 8.
At material 1 is under the granular situation, and one is approximately 30 ° gradient with respect to ground 120 and can meets the demands.Like this so that conveying worm 99 can just be rotated by their impacts on transport portion 112 by the material 1 that flows into, transport portion 112 is to be located at the end that central-feed opening 61 or material are collected the conveying worm 91 in the zone of part 3, and the inflow of material 1 or supply with and will therefore strengthen.Under the thinner material 1 of part or material 1 situation during by reprocessing, the inclination angle of being carried above increasing is suitable, like this in case assurance material 1 have one continuous mobile.At material 1 is the bulky grain situation, and grape for example can be with a drive unit 9, and as motor, the free end that is arranged on conveyer 99 carries out work, so that make material 1 also can send conveying worm 99 places vertically to.Material handler part 112 roughly has the sickle shaped half-spiral and applies one deck plastic material at two free ends of this part at least.
In order just between the both ends of the surface of facing of idle running dish 8 and clutch plate 8, to keep a desirable adjustment distance 51 at first and second operation elements 8, on adjusting the distance any irregular can by idle running coil 8 or since the swing supporter that the changing of the relative positions is in the dish 8 of following state recompense in mode from dynamic(al) correction, even between the end face of mentioning just now 61, has an instantaneous distributional difference when material 1, and even work as and can compensate automatically after relative position between these two end faces 61 has been adjusted or readjusted; This respect just constitutes sizable advantage of the present invention, because kernel for example, seed or stone be all without grinding, like this destruction with regard to not causing taste.
Fig. 9 shows an axial cross section diagrammatic sketch by apparatus embodiments shown in Figure 8, but it is the vertical direction sectional view of Fig. 8.In these two diagrammatic sketch, about corresponding components all identical with the label that above each accompanying drawing is adopted.Fig. 9 clearly shows two supporter 13 arrangements each other and is parallel and is eccentric, just with pipe parts 119 be a side and with fixed axis 75 be the opposing party be installed in above it freely rotate or idle running dish 8 is to support with swing state.Like this, the center line 78 of first supporter 13 or axle 75; As what in the axial cross section diagrammatic sketch of Fig. 9, seen, be to be in parallel eccentric again position with respect to the center line 77 of second supporter 13 or pipe parts 119.
Clutch plate 8 be a side and with idle running dish 8 be between the opposing party's two opposing end faces 61 above the uniformity of described distance 51, by the swing supporter of idle running dish 8, has sizable improvement aspect the reinstatement of two supporters 13 eccentric position each other.Have two dishes 8 of different-diameter and rotation, almost under same transport speed, move over mutually with different peripheral speeds.With clutch plate 8 be a side and with idle running dish 8 be the opposing party changing of the relative positions material can be torn takes place between the two.At one radially or under the coaxial rib arrangement situation, especially also arrange in groups, machined material is sheared, distance 51 between two end faces of facing 61 is correspondingly through adjusting, because the rotation of two end faces that match 61 is the necessary everywhere together variations that have the angle of cut of each rib, be owing to distance instantaneous oscillating motion and because two dish 8 mutual results owing to the relative displacement between eccentric formed two end faces with dish 8.The processing of material 1, as guaranteed under the described situation in front be with material under the cold conditions processing situation of very short time, a kind of special quality condition of machined material, this quality condition only may reach under lower rotating speed with operation element on the existing equipment.
Figure 10 is a part that shows the axial cross section cut-away view of embodiment shown in Figure 9, but with brush and sieve in order to replace scratch diskette.Each parts is still represented with identical label corresponding to corresponding parts shown in the above accompanying drawing.The operation element 8 that exists with the form of brush comprises a support that is made of plastics 124 and in order to maintain bristle 125.The contact surface 90 of two operation elements 8 or they each other facing to end face 61 all be to be that to be a sieve 8 constitute for the free end of bristle and the opposing party with one side, this sieve utilizes one to support that annulus 85 maintains by a carriage 83, and support that annulus 85 is to utilize releasable hookup mechanism 86, as bolt, be fixed on the circumferential edge of rib star 87.
Figure 11 is a part that shows the embodiment of operation element 8, this element is not made up of sieve, but form by the screen pack or the filtering bodies 126 that are arranged between two kinds of grids (grid) 127 and 128, are fine mesh designs with brush 8 contacted grids 127 wherein, another grid 128 then is thick or wide sieve aperture design.These fine mesh grid 127 protection screen packs 126 avoid abrasion in the process of material 1 and by supporting that wide sieve aperture grid 128 maintains together with screen pack 126, a kind of grid 128 in back is convenient to filtered material 1 to pass through more quickly.
Equipment 6 according to the present invention can provide as grain milling or feed is milled and adopt cast iron or oxide ceramic scratch diskette with ribbing to pulverize and fine grinding, when adopting marble, when graphite or oxide ceramic or porcelain scratch diskette are milled blue or green lacquer and food, when adopting porcelain and oxide ceramic scratch diskette to be used for milling during oil of olive and other oil-containing fruit, when the milling of the usefulness of shelling of roasted hazelnut that is used for chocolate industry or almond, adopt the scratch diskette of band bristle, when grape being removed stem in order to be used for wine brewing, also to have bristle on the scratch diskette, in order to adopt the wood wool that processes, as twice laid, to adopt the corundum scratch diskette when being used to make wood-fibred paper pulp, when laboratory mills when being used for the milling of medicine and reagent, and be used for the pulverizing of fruit and mill when the fruit device for grinding; When making pulp and fruit juice, to adopt the ceramic scratch diskette of different in kind.
The embodiment that band rotates screen pack is applicable to well by pushing fruit juice and be used to make apple butter and mashed potato in the strawberry slurry.The advantage of the uniqueness that is worth emphasizing in this respect is that material is sent the discharging continuously to screen pack and solid matter continuously to.In addition, the screen pack of rotation is applicable to from useless fibre pulp removes binding agent and water, or dewaters from mud, granular solid matter is used as improves the soil thus.Except above cited application scenario, equipment of the present invention can also perform well in wet milling, and being used for those must be by rare slurry of milling under the very high pressure and the paste that concentrates very much.
Because in fact the supply of processed certain material 1 is by a static hollow supporter 13 or is that static relatively feed pipe 15 is realized by one with respect to supporter 13 at least, and owing in the system of equipment 6, be firm in from material feed element 18 to the zone of material discharge element 19, when material 1 stands the wet man-hour that adds, also can under the condition of pressure or reinforcing, mill through equipment 6.
Figure 12 is a top plan view diagrammatic sketch that shows equipment shown in Figure 5, and wherein the device of rotation driving 9 of equipment 6 is arranged on the outside of equipment 6, and it is just represented by its V-shaped belt pulley 129.Corresponding parts in shown each single parts and the explanation to above accompanying drawing in above each accompanying drawing still adopt identical label here.Adjustment for the free space 106 between the end face 61 on two opposites of operation element 8, can on the direction of axle 75, adjust by an adjusting device 14 that is arranged on the carriage 21 by support support rack 21 fixing axles 75, and can carry out in a mode of adjusting yoke 130 by an adjustment handwheel 131.Fixedly realize through adjusted by a truck dead lever 110.Similar to yoke 22 shown in Figure 1, adjusting yoke 130 also is to be supported in one end 132 places pivotally, and is clamped in its other end by an adjustment element 131 of readjusting device 108, like this so that can change its position.
Readjusting automatically of adjusting device 14 or adjustment yoke 130 by adjusting or regulating element 108 realizations, the effect of this adjustment element is between two operation elements 8 and is decided by processed certain material 1 efficient pressure that produces, wherein yoke 130 also produces a micro displacement by adjusting element 108, the position of this yoke is according to pressure condition, for example by a pressure-reducing valve, can change, so then yoke 130 just can be swung according to corresponding situation.
In each embodiment of equipment described above 6, a measuring element 104 has an actuation part 105, can rotating or deflectable gate as one, this element can be arranged on material feed element 18, in feeder hopper 38 or 69, be used to control or regulate the quantity delivered of processed certain material 1.The adjusting of this measuring element 104 mainly is that basis is undertaken by the circulation size of the material of equipment 6.
Figure 13 is last embodiment of display device 6, is a side view of observing towards the direction of yoke 22 or 130.Each still adopts identical label corresponding to parts described above in Figure 13.Support support rack 21 is fixed tightly in equipment support 7 on the position with respect to the angle of inclination on ground, meanwhile also the device of rotation driving 9 that is arranged on support 7 outsides and drives operation element 8 is formed a single side face supporter.By being in the drive unit 9 that heeling condition is being supported, the V-shape belt 101 that plays coupling element 20 effect keeps tension by the effect of drive unit 9, and V-shaped belt pulley 74 is coupling on the radial journal bearing of the V-shaped belt pulley 129 that has drive unit 9 is guaranteed thus.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of processing method that relates to daily necessities and the medicine and the material (1) of the refuse that can further use, it is characterized in that, specific material (1), such as cereal, fruit, nut or medicine are delivered to the external force effect of at least one central material collection part (3) as far as possible not collect on the periphery (4) of part (3) in above-mentioned material with applying centrifugal force under the situation of eddy current incessantly by the weight of itself and/or by at least one rotation material conveying device (2), converge with above-mentioned periphery (4) and to enter in the materials processing part (5), this part is collected part (3) with material and is compared much smaller, material (1) is under very high process velocity in processing part (5), in very short process time, process with complete cold conditions, and can be randomly, the each several part of finished material (1) is separated each other, and gone out by the materials processing partial discharge respectively.
2, a kind of formula of milling equipment (6) that is used to realize the described method of claim 1, this equipment will adopt two operation elements (8) at least, this operation element be arranged on that equipment support (7) is gone up and with its facing to the both ends of the surface work that matches, and one of at least two elements directly drag by a device of rotation driving (9), it is characterized in that: this equipment support (7), by changing its position, turn round such as the revolution of parts by equipment support (7) and together with each parts and the element of equipment, be suitable for adopting in simple mode with manually opening the replacing of carrying out equipment component, the jockey (10) that utilization can repeatedly be unclamped and close, for example adopt a hinged joint (11) randomly to match with a snap ring type locker (12), and be suitable for reconnecting in simple mode, like this so that form a support system (7) that is used to process specific material (1), this system comprises two operation elements (8) at least, each element is arranged on the supporter (13), above-mentioned supporter (13) is eccentric each other, and the arrangement that has a supporter in two supporters (13) at least will make it change its position by an adjusting device (14) with respect to another supporter (13), and in two supporters (13) one will to have an operation element (8) that is supported in above it be place's idle running tumbled condition, supporter (13) plays simultaneously supplies with two effects in the materials collection parts (3) between the operation element that enter with material, this supporter is to be designed to a static material supply with pipe (15) or be one at least and match with the supply pipe and be relative static pipe in supporter (13), two operation elements (8) all pass through coupling element (16) so that the mode of changing is connected respectively on the relevant supporter (13), equipment support (7) is then according to the requirement of material (1), at least be provided with the various piece that a director element (17) is used for collecting or separating certain material (1), be arranged at least one material feed element (18) on the support (7) according to the requirement of machined material (1), a material conveying device (2) and one or several material discharge apparatus (19) to be set selectively at least be used for the material that processing crosses or the discharging of material each several part (1), and wherein at least one device of rotation driving (9) is arranged on and is used for dragging of operation element (8) at least, and according to processed material requirements, the conveying device (2) that is provided for certain material selectively also is connected together with the material transport portion selectively, for finishing said apparatus (8,2) and specific connecting of device of rotation driving (9) by coupling unit (20).
3, equipment as claimed in claim 2 (6), it is characterized in that: at least at the operation element (8) that is arranged on supporter (13) or the material supply pipe (15), and it is that form with scratch diskette or brush is when occurring, central-feed opening (60) in this operation element (8) is supplied with will amplify on the position that pipe (15) is connected to form a central material at itself and material and is collected part (3) and form one and be roughly the free space (103) that caves in shape, radially extend towards the periphery (5) of operation element (8) at it in this space, flow into the materials processing part (5) of a space shape, this part be positioned at two operation elements (8) mutually facing to two end faces (61) between.
4, as equipment (6) as described in the claim 2, it is characterized in that: be to be positioned on the operation element (8) with the scratch diskette form of feed one side at least, in its materials processing part (5), have one and be essentially annular borderline region (62), when observing by axial cross section, this zone with respect to another operation element (8) facing to end face (61) have the convex of being generally vertical centre cross section (110), the borderline region that so then has convex matches with the spill end face (111) of the complementation of another operation element (8).
5, as equipment (6) as described in the claim 2, it is characterized in that: operation element (8) all is to be designed to two scratch diskettes or brush and at least one to have a sieve of an optional screen pack.
6, as the equipment (6) of any one requirement as described in the claim 2 to 5, it is characterized in that: described operation element (8) as scratch diskette, is made of cast iron or ceramic material, and its part has thick end face at least at least, and more like this when the corundum scratch diskette is adopted in design especially.
7, as equipment (6) as described in the claim 2, it is characterized in that: the support cover (23) that a yoke (22) or are covered the yoke shape on support be arranged on that equipment support (7) is gone up or support support rack (21) on the position of material feed element (18) on, yoke (22) or yoke shape support cover (23) are arranged on an end of equipment support (7) or locate at a boudary portion (24), like this so that can turn round around the hinged joint (11) of the effect of playing jockey (10), hinged joint (11) is to be fixed on by on the adjusting device (14) that targeting part (25) is gone up and an adjustment member (27) constitutes that is fixed on the equipment support (7), this adjustment member (27) utilizes an adjustment screw (26) to adjust on the axis direction of supporter (13), go up or be positioned on another boudary portion (29) on opposite of above-mentioned boudary portion (24) at the other end (28) of yoke (22) and fixing a hook (30), outside its extending equipment support (7), and it be by a snap ring type closer (12) that plays jockey (10) effect and its clasp (32) repeat insert and the cingulum (31) that unclamps engages, clasp supporter (33) for clasp shape closer (12) connects mutually with a pilot pin (34), it is to lead in the sliding sleeve (109) that the position that is installed in equipment support (7) (36) are located, be suitable for utilizing a screw (35) that is supported on the above-mentioned sliding sleeve (109) to readjust, yoke (22) or support cover (23) have the supply that a central yoke opening (37) is used for granular materials (1), a feed hopper (38) that plays material feed element (18) effect passes through opening (37) with its feeder hopper pipe (39), and yoke (22) or support cover (23) stretch out, one is played swing supporter (13) effect and is clamped on the end (41) that is positioned on the yoke side by first annulus (42) round a pipe (40) of static feeder hopper pipe (39) with one heart with interval (48), this first annulus is to utilize pin (43) to be fixed in second annulus (44), like this so that can be around the axis revolution of above-mentioned pin (43), supporting it is yoke pin (45) pivotally for above-mentioned annulus (44) by means of having the yoke pin axle (46) that is provided with perpendicular to axis above-mentioned, realize by the yoke flange (47) of yoke (22) or support cover (23), has a sealing ring (89) at least, particularly lip packing ring to be arranged on the one side be feeder hopper pipe (39) and the opposing party for to be centered around between above-mentioned feeder hopper pipe (39) pipe (40) on every side with one heart, specific first operation element (8); Such as one first scratch diskette or brush, utilize the free end (49) of a coupling element (16) by pipe (40), this operation element is coupling on the pipe (40), this coupling element (16) is to be designed to the flexible element (50) that can mortise lock inserts and unclamp, and can swing thus, promptly supporting freely to rotate pivotally, adjustable distance (51) at the end face that faces toward first operation element (8) is located, be provided with one second operation element (8), as one second scratch diskette, this scratch diskette is suitable for by a device of rotation driving (9), drag as a motor, and this second scratch diskette is arranged on that equipment support (7) is gone up or be that the support basis at an angle of inclination is installed with by one with ground (120), axis (52) for second operation element (8), with respect to the axis (53) of feeder hopper pipe (39) be in parallel eccentric position with respect to first operation element (8), the block cam (54) that is suitable for having passed through coupling element (16) effect for second operation element (8) drags, and this block cam is as the part of the driver plate (55) of drive unit (9), this rotor plate (55) is designed to a coupling unit (20), supporting above-mentioned second operation element (8) and be arranged on the intermediate bulkheads (56) in the support storehouse (57) of equipment support (7), and wherein be a side and be to be provided with a catch tray (58) that is used for finished material (1) between the opposing party with intermediate bulkheads (56) at first and second operation elements (8), this catch tray is collected the material below the above-mentioned operation element (8), and it has an outlet (59) at least and plays the effect of material discharge element (19) to be provided with director element (17).
8, as equipment (6) as described in the claim 2, it is characterized in that: on position, two opposites (63) and (64) around the support support rack (21) around the equipment support, every limit is provided with a flange yoke (65), two ends (66) at fork locate to form pilot hole (67), this hole is placed in and is used for holding separately a bolt (68) on the line, and utilize this bolt that yoke (22) is clamped on its end (24) and (28), a feeder hopper (69) that plays material feed element (18) effect is with the feeder hopper pipe (70) of angle to be connected securely on the yoke (22) through a hookup by it, this hookup by be positioned on side of funnel and be positioned at that tube coupling flange (71) on side of yoke and (72) form, stretch out by yoke (22) for the tube coupling flange (72) that is positioned on yoke (22) one sides, pipe parts (119) to feeder hopper pipe (70) is installed in above it with flange, and above-mentioned flange (72) is attached on the above-mentioned yoke (22) simultaneously securely, and for V-shaped belt pulley (74) and second operation element (8), be arranged on yoke (22) as a radial journal bearing (73) and be a side and be between the opposing party with the equipment support (7) round second operation element (8) at least through second scratch diskette that drags of belt pulley (74), and be arranged on the static pipe parts (119) of supporter (13) effect, and can rotate around static pipe parts (119), has a central-feed opening (60) that is connected with pipe (70) or pipe parts (119) for above-mentioned second operation element (8), be used for that processed certain material (1) supply is entered material and collect part (3), first operation element (8) is as first scratch diskette, utilize an additional supporter (13) to be installed on the free end (76) of axle (75) on opposite of above-mentioned second operation element (8) by the form of the fixing axle (75) of support support rack (21), be in swing so that be directed to like this, i.e. revolution, the state that freely rotates, each other in space have parallel eccentric position with the center line (77) of first supporter (13) with (78) for above-mentioned second, second operation element (8) is arranged on axle (75) by one and leads through the swing cup (79) on rounding and the recessed free end (76), and by one can around its rotation cup-shaped bearing (80) make it be in idling conditions, such as scratch diskette, sapphire discs, or the wearing part of the operation element (8) of brush and sieve or screen pack, processing certain material (1) process in through frayed, it is arranged in cup-shaped retainer (82) or the carriage (83) and is in supporter (13), the part on opposite (81) is located, at least on the support plate (84) of the cup-shaped retainer (82) of the support annulus (85) of the carriage (83) of sieve and/or screen pack, its facing to the each several part of specific supporter (13) on by the block cam (54) that plays coupling element (16) effect or be connected on each rib star (87) together with carriage (83) by the support annulus (85) that has releasable jockey (86), this rib star is in order to play coupling unit (20), and when second operation element (8), the heart (88) locates to be provided with the pipe parts (119) of feeder hopper pipe (70) therein, with one together with can swing the cup (79) cup-shaped bearing (80), be a side with equipment support (7) and be between the opposing party with the fixed axis (75) of driven rib star (87) on second operation element (8) and first operation element (8), in addition, with second operation element (8), be a side and be to be provided with sealing ring (89) between the opposing party such as driven second scratch diskette with pipe parts (119), almost on same position as at the contact surface (90) of the end face (61) of the opposite face of two operation elements (8), locate to be provided with at least a director element (17), this element is separated the inner space (91) of equipment support (7), be used for collecting discretely the specific material of finished each several part (1), and this element is the form changing again, at least be separated into two and separate next door (92,93) be used to form storehouse (94,95), and two storehouses (94,95) each storehouse have at least one second and the 3rd the outlet (96,97) play the effect of material discharge element (19).In the straight part (98) of feeder hopper pipe (70) or in the pipe parts (119) that flange is installed, be provided with a conveying worm (99) and play the effect of material conveying device (2), processed material is delivered to operation element (8), and specifically has a transport portion (12), a delivery pump (100) perhaps is set, as a lobe pump, to be suitable for adopting device of rotation driving (9) to drag for above-mentioned conveying worm (99) or delivery pump (100), the support support rack (21) that maintains equipment support (7) generally is an angle of inclination with respect to ground (120), form a single side face supporter of device of rotation driving (9) simultaneously, this drive unit is arranged on the outside of equipment support (7) and drags an operation element (8), and this operation element coupling is with V-shaped belt pulley (74), utilize a V-shape belt (101) to be used to drag second operation element (8), and V-shape belt plays the effect of coupling unit (20), and by drive unit (9) maintenance tension, and wherein at least to an end face in the aspectant end face (61) of two operation elements (8) therein heart position (102) locate, be used to form to the material of processed specific material (1) usefulness and collect part (3) as locate to have at least a depression shape free space (103) at central-feed opening (60).
9, as equipment (6) as described in the claim 2, it is characterized in that: material feed element (18), to dispose the quantity delivered that an adjustable measuring element (104) is used to control or regulate processed certain material (1) as feeder hopper (69), will have an actuation element (105) this measuring element (104).
10, as equipment (6) as described in the claim 2, it is characterized in that: for two operation elements (8) facing to both ends of the surface (61) between free clearance (106) adjust, be provided with an adjusting device (14) of adjusting the form of yoke (130), this adjustment yoke is installed in support support rack (21) and upward and by an adjustment handwheel that is suitable for adopting truck dead lever (107) to fix adjusts, and can randomly dispose a device (108) for this adjusting device (14) and be used for adjusting device (14) is readjusted automatically.
CN198787108398A 1986-12-17 1987-12-17 The processing method of daily necessities material and equipment thereof CN87108398A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH05038/86 1986-12-17
CH503886 1986-12-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN198787108398A CN87108398A (en) 1986-12-17 1987-12-17 The processing method of daily necessities material and equipment thereof

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CN (1) CN87108398A (en)
WO (1) WO1988004577A1 (en)

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CN102440304A (en) * 2010-10-12 2012-05-09 梁文涟 Underlying power eccentric type green tea milling machine
CN103100471A (en) * 2011-11-11 2013-05-15 吴进驻 Emulsification grinder
CN108160202A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-15 胡自然 A kind of food grinder for having the function of to adjust grinding thickness
CN112028099A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-12-04 楚祯劼 Clean production process for preparing polyaluminum chloride from fly ash

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FR2786112B1 (en) * 1998-11-19 2001-02-02 Pierre Lecocq Device for grinding cereals and installation comprising such devices

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DE31081C (en) *
DE249825C (en) *
DE21928C (en) *
GB402848A (en) * 1932-06-14 1933-12-14 Eiji Satake Method of treating kaoliang
CH200357A (en) * 1937-11-15 1938-10-15 Gentilli Ing Paolo Machine for fine mixing of different, roughly premixed, powdery, dry or moist substances.
CH289137A (en) * 1951-03-21 1953-02-28 Hoffmann Max Vertical attritor.
US2959363A (en) * 1956-01-06 1960-11-08 James G Rimmer Portable grinding mill
US4257564A (en) * 1979-08-09 1981-03-24 Pamplin James B Apparatus and method for crushing material

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102440304A (en) * 2010-10-12 2012-05-09 梁文涟 Underlying power eccentric type green tea milling machine
CN102440304B (en) * 2010-10-12 2013-08-28 梁文涟 Underlying power eccentric type green tea milling machine
CN103100471A (en) * 2011-11-11 2013-05-15 吴进驻 Emulsification grinder
CN103100471B (en) * 2011-11-11 2015-04-22 吴进驻 Emulsification grinder
CN108160202A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-15 胡自然 A kind of food grinder for having the function of to adjust grinding thickness
CN108160202B (en) * 2017-12-25 2019-07-23 浙江金恩食品科技股份有限公司 A kind of food grinder with adjusting grinding thickness function
CN112028099A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-12-04 楚祯劼 Clean production process for preparing polyaluminum chloride from fly ash

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Publication number Publication date
EP0274697A2 (en) 1988-07-20
EP0274697A3 (en) 1988-08-03
WO1988004577A1 (en) 1988-06-30

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