CN85103396A - Slough the equipment of chestnut peel and Chinese chestnut underwear - Google Patents

Slough the equipment of chestnut peel and Chinese chestnut underwear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN85103396A
CN85103396A CN198585103396A CN85103396A CN85103396A CN 85103396 A CN85103396 A CN 85103396A CN 198585103396 A CN198585103396 A CN 198585103396A CN 85103396 A CN85103396 A CN 85103396A CN 85103396 A CN85103396 A CN 85103396A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chinese chestnut
chestnut
underwear
heater
rotary valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN198585103396A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何肇泰
刘同松
崔立勉
孙致忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Foreign Trade Sci & Technol Inst Shandong Prov
Original Assignee
Foreign Trade Sci & Technol Inst Shandong Prov
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Foreign Trade Sci & Technol Inst Shandong Prov filed Critical Foreign Trade Sci & Technol Inst Shandong Prov
Priority to CN198585103396A priority Critical patent/CN85103396A/en
Publication of CN85103396A publication Critical patent/CN85103396A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A kind of equipment of sloughing chestnut peel and underwear, it is characterized in that adopting energy decortication method principle, charging rotary valve, discharging rotary valve and the pressurized that is heated that specialized designs has been made relative sealing reaches the propeller heater of heat energy accumulation, charge into high steam, make Chinese chestnut obtain certain heat energy accumulation, under this energy, cot of Chinese chestnut and the underwear of Chinese chestnut have once been sloughed.This device structure is reasonable, and the principle novelty is strong to adaptability to raw material, four tons of class's processing capacities, threshing performance reaches more than 97%, and serviceability rate reaches more than 90%, and manual peeling off improved hundreds of times, the chestnut meat of deviating from, lovely luster, particle shape is complete, and cleaning-less bacteria infection is convenient to refrigeration and reprocessing.

Description

Slough the equipment of chestnut peel and Chinese chestnut underwear
The invention belongs to fruit type, the nut peeling equipment.
The peeling of fruit can improve the color and luster and the local flavor of goods, reaches the edible purpose of people.The peeling shelling of general fruit roughly has several methods such as the manual decortication method of manpower, machine barking method, chemical peeling method, heating power decortication method at present.Manual decortication method is directly to exploit with hand or hand device, and its efficient is low, and labour intensity is big, is unsuitable for mass industrialized production; The machine barking method is through the action of machinery, with grinding, fragmentation or forms such as bump, cutting, awards the effect of mechanical force, reaches the purpose of peeling shelling; This method adapts to for the fruit of regular shape, and chemical peeling method (enzyme process) normally with chemical agent or goods, through soaking or adding thermal etching or chemical reaction, reaches the purpose of peeling shelling; This adapts to part fruit such as the thin softer person of skin.But easy residual chemicals need wash out rapidly, and misoperation easily influences the fruit local flavor, and is influential to health; The heating power decortication method is that heating (or with hot water or with steam or with a pot stir-fry) is removed the peel, and this method has very big limitation, easily fruit local flavor, color and luster is impacted.
Chinese chestnut is a kind of nutritious nut fruit, and it has hard shell skin and being close to and trembles the thin underwear of meat, protecting chestnut meat, and body is irregular, and underwear is removed in difficult decortication, inconvenient eating.Simultaneously, Chinese chestnut is easily infested to go rotten, and is difficult for storing, and causes a large amount of losses.So far machine barking method and chemical peeling method all can't be used it.Current, people adopt manual decortication method more among eating, and the manual decortication method of heating power.The method that the manual decortication method of heating power adopts boiling or heating kettle to fry is made ripe back and is adopted manual peeling.These two kinds of methods all are that labour intensity is big, and efficient is low, and is unhygienic.And can't resolve the difficult storage of Chinese chestnut, the infested loss of going rotten and causing is not fully utilized the Chinese chestnut raw material, has influenced the development of numerous food such as Chinese chestnut chestnut meat, chestnut sauce, chestnut cake, chestnut can.
The invention reside in and adopt energy to remove seed-skin method, its principle is that Chinese chestnut enters the HTHP effect that stands certain hour in the certain high temperature hyperbaric environment, a large amount of heat energy are sharply built up in Chinese chestnut itself, wait to reach after certain energy, Chinese chestnut moment disengaging high temperature and high pressure environment is because the heat energy that Chinese chestnut itself builds up, between Chinese chestnut cot, underwear and chestnut sarcocyte, form an instantaneous explosion power that repels each other, under this dynamic action, once sloughed cot and the underwear of Chinese chestnut.
Essential implementation of the present invention is: Chinese chestnut is sent into feeding rotary valve (2) through soaking and water washing by elevator (1), through charging rotary valve (2) under air-proof condition, Chinese chestnut sent into have good sealing property, can bear the propeller heater (3) of 8 atmospheric pressures.Simultaneously in propeller heater, charge into high steam through pipeline (4), Chinese chestnut is carried out live (open) steam heating pressurization, after reaching 0.5~8 steam pressure, helical axis in the propeller heater is under the drive of buncher (5), press the certain speed rotation, promote Chinese chestnut and in propeller heater, advance.Advance after 10 seconds to 300 second time, finished Chinese chestnut heating pressure process, the heat energy accumulation of Chinese chestnut own, thus formed high steam heat energy explosion mover layer between Chinese chestnut cot, underwear and the chestnut meat.Chinese chestnut is advanced in the discharging rotary valve (6) of favorable sealing property immediately, under the effect of axle chain wheel (7), enter the Chinese chestnut of discharging rotary valve (6), from airtight propeller heater, discharge suddenly, under above-mentioned heat energy explosion dynamic action, once finished the Chinese chestnut cot, underwear separates with the stripping of taking off of chestnut meat, enter the case that connects material (8), connect material and be full of mobile clear water in the case (8), Chinese chestnut cot underwear is seen off by conveyer belt (9), and chestnut meat sinks to the case bottom that connects material, and carries into chestnut meat container (11) through extraction device (10), deliver to the workbench sorting, or pack freezing, or reprocessing.It is this whole process flow of having finished Chinese chestnut decortication shell, having taken off underwear.In sum, charging and discharging rotary valve (2) (6) seals with respect to screw propulsion heat air (3), connect to be driven through axle chain wheel by buncher (5), and operation is synchronous between their threes.
Underwear principle novelty is gone in its decortication of the present invention, and device structure is reasonable, can carry out the Chinese chestnut decortication continuously and go the underwear operation, can repeat to take off stripping again, 4 tons of class's processing capacities, and behaviour's machine workman 3 to 5 people, the productivity ratio height, manual peeling off improved hundreds of times of work efficiency; Threshing performance reaches more than 97%, and it is effective to peel; The chestnut meat of deviating from, lovely luster, particle shape is complete, and cleaning-less bacteria infection is convenient to refrigeration and reprocessing; Equipment and adaptability to raw material are strong, no matter granular size or full flat all can be processed.

Claims (4)

1, a kind ofly be used for the equipment that underwear is removed in Chinese chestnut decortication, it is characterized in that adopting the energy decortication method, once slough cot and the underwear of Chinese chestnut, Chinese chestnut is through charging rotary valve [2], under air-proof condition, enter propeller heater [3], in propeller heater, charge into simultaneously high steam, Chinese chestnut is carried out live (open) steam heating pressurization, when the steam that charges into reaches and keeps certain pressure, Chinese chestnut is advanced by certain speed in propeller heater, finish the pressurized that is heated of certain hour, itself reach the high energy accumulation, enter discharging rotary valve [6], discharge from the propeller heater environment of airtight high pressure through discharging rotary valve [6] suddenly, heat energy by Chinese chestnut itself builds up between Chinese chestnut cot underwear and chestnut sarcocyte, has formed an instant blasting power, under this dynamic action, once slough Chinese chestnut cot and underwear.
2, as claim 1 described Chinese chestnut peeler, it is characterized in that said charging rotary valve (2) and discharging rotary valve (6), is the rotation valve body with continuous feeding and discharging of sealing property, seals with respect to propeller heater (3); And, connect to drive propeller heater (3) and charging/discharging valve (2), (6), three's synchronous operation through axle chain wheel by buncher (5).
3, as claim 1 described Chinese chestnut peeler, it is characterized in that said propeller heater (3), is to have sealing property, can feed steam, can bear 8 above steam pressures, adjustable speed, a kind of heater that Chinese chestnut therein can speed be on demand advanced.
4, as claim 1 or 3 described Chinese chestnut peelers, it is characterized in that the said steam pressure that charges in the propeller heater is 0.5~8 atmospheric pressure, Chinese chestnut advances the pressurized time of being heated in propeller heater be 10 seconds to 300 seconds.
CN198585103396A 1985-04-20 1985-04-20 Slough the equipment of chestnut peel and Chinese chestnut underwear Withdrawn CN85103396A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN198585103396A CN85103396A (en) 1985-04-20 1985-04-20 Slough the equipment of chestnut peel and Chinese chestnut underwear

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN198585103396A CN85103396A (en) 1985-04-20 1985-04-20 Slough the equipment of chestnut peel and Chinese chestnut underwear

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN85103396A true CN85103396A (en) 1986-10-15

Family

ID=4793159

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN198585103396A Withdrawn CN85103396A (en) 1985-04-20 1985-04-20 Slough the equipment of chestnut peel and Chinese chestnut underwear

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN85103396A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102919980A (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-02-13 杜桂林 Rapid opening machine for pine nuts
CN102960834A (en) * 2012-11-24 2013-03-13 张中贤 Stripping technique for walnut kernel
CN103750508A (en) * 2014-01-07 2014-04-30 北京中科百瑞能工程技术有限责任公司 Novel pine nut opening method
CN103892418A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-07-02 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Method for peeling anacardium occidentale kernels
CN104856195A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-08-26 河北养元智汇饮品股份有限公司 Walnut kernel peeling process
CN106108057A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 河南天豫薯业股份有限公司 Radix Ipomoeae flash distillation peeling method
CN106213527A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-14 李峥 A kind of physical method producing de-underwear Semen Juglandis and equipment
CN106235345A (en) * 2016-09-18 2016-12-21 任志军 Multi-functional Chinese chestnut sheller
CN107183738A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-09-22 河北栗源食品有限公司 Chinese chestnut shelling technique
CN108308625A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-24 江南大学 A method of the ginkgo nut that pops removes plumule
CN111296862A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-06-19 青岛理工大学 Intelligent separation device and separation method for peanut kernels and peanut red skins

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102919980A (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-02-13 杜桂林 Rapid opening machine for pine nuts
CN102960834A (en) * 2012-11-24 2013-03-13 张中贤 Stripping technique for walnut kernel
CN102960834B (en) * 2012-11-24 2015-10-14 张中贤 A kind of walnut kernel skin peeling technology method
CN103750508A (en) * 2014-01-07 2014-04-30 北京中科百瑞能工程技术有限责任公司 Novel pine nut opening method
CN103892418B (en) * 2014-04-23 2015-10-28 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 A kind of cashew kernel peeling method
CN103892418A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-07-02 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Method for peeling anacardium occidentale kernels
CN104856195A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-08-26 河北养元智汇饮品股份有限公司 Walnut kernel peeling process
CN106108057A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 河南天豫薯业股份有限公司 Radix Ipomoeae flash distillation peeling method
CN106213527B (en) * 2016-07-19 2018-04-17 李峥 A kind of physical method and equipment for producing de- underwear walnut kernel
CN106213527A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-14 李峥 A kind of physical method producing de-underwear Semen Juglandis and equipment
CN106235345A (en) * 2016-09-18 2016-12-21 任志军 Multi-functional Chinese chestnut sheller
CN106235345B (en) * 2016-09-18 2018-09-11 任志军 Multi-functional Chinese chestnut sheller
CN107183738A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-09-22 河北栗源食品有限公司 Chinese chestnut shelling technique
CN108308625A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-24 江南大学 A method of the ginkgo nut that pops removes plumule
CN111296862A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-06-19 青岛理工大学 Intelligent separation device and separation method for peanut kernels and peanut red skins
CN111296862B (en) * 2020-04-13 2021-11-09 青岛理工大学 Intelligent separation device and separation method for peanut kernels and peanut red skins

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