CN2917791Y - Separator for solid wastes - Google Patents

Separator for solid wastes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2917791Y
CN2917791Y CN 200620051461 CN200620051461U CN2917791Y CN 2917791 Y CN2917791 Y CN 2917791Y CN 200620051461 CN200620051461 CN 200620051461 CN 200620051461 U CN200620051461 U CN 200620051461U CN 2917791 Y CN2917791 Y CN 2917791Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ratchet
cutter
rotating shaft
solid waste
cutters
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200620051461
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭世英
彭量
Original Assignee
彭世英
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 彭世英 filed Critical 彭世英
Priority to CN 200620051461 priority Critical patent/CN2917791Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2917791Y publication Critical patent/CN2917791Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a solid garbage separator, which comprises an electric motor, a machine frame, cutters and a rotating shaft. The rotating shaft is arranged on the machine frame, while the cutter is a ratchet cutter and each ratchet cutter is fixed on the rotating shaft with a certain spacing distance to form a ratchet cutter group and multiple groups of ratchet cutters are crossly allocated to form a garbage separating bed. Each ratchet cutter s fixed on the rotating shaft with a certain spacing distance and the spacing gap between the crossly-allocated cutters forms a sieve's mesh, so the solid garbage is poured in for separating and then will not extrude and forcibly resist against the ratchet cutters but is thrown up, dropped down, loosened and broken by the ratchet cutters, wherein the coarse material is delivered to the main bag tearing region by ratchet cutter and the fine material falls off from the sieve's meshes; multiple groups of crossly-allocated ratchet cutters exert the function of conveying, breaking and filtrating the solid garbage so that the material will not be extruded into agglomerates after the bag is torn up and the separation of fine material will not block off the sieve's meshes. The utility model can smoothly conduct separation toward the solid garbage and has a high separating efficiency.

Description

Solid waste classifier
Technical field:
The utility model relates to the municipal works field, specifically refers to a kind of solid waste classifier.
Background technology:
Domestic and international solid waste sorting, the problem of still unresolved broken bag Bales Off, disintegrating machine mode commonly used, it is stuck that machine is stopped up; Adopt the roll type broken bag, easily make the material extruding of broken bag agglomerating, can't carry out sorting; The screening mode is adopted in the separation of thickness material usually, and the organic matter water content is big, and the screening mode easily makes the sieve mesh stop up, the thickness material, and organic matter, inorganic matter can't carry out sorting, and solid waste sorting efficient is low.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the material after a kind of broken bag can not be extruded into group, and the separation of thickness material can not stopped up sieve, and organic matter, inorganic matter can carry out sorting, the solid waste classifier that the efficiency of separation is high smoothly.
The utility model purpose is achieved like this, this solid waste classifier, comprise motor, frame, cutter, rotating shaft, rotating shaft is contained on the frame, cutter is the ratchet cutter, fixed distance is in rotating shaft at regular intervals for every ratchet cutter, and formation ratchet set of knives is organized the interconnected composition waste sorting of ratchet set of knives bed more.
Described waste sorting bed is divided into Bales Off district, main bag breaking area, selectivity chopping district, and after main bag breaking area was connected the Bales Off district, after selectivity chopping district was connected main bag breaking area, each was distinguished the rotating shaft of ratchet set of knives and connects the different rotating speeds gear train respectively.
Described main bag breaking area top is provided with magnetic separator.
Described sorting bed discarded object exit is provided with the air-negative-pressure machine.
Described sorting bed discarded object port of export frame is provided with the support height-regulating device.
This solid waste classifier has adopted the interconnected composition waste sorting of many groups ratchet set of knives bed, every ratchet cutter at regular intervals fixed distance in rotating shaft, the interconnected cutter of many groups forms the sieve mesh in the space at interval, when rotating shaft is rotated, the rotation of ratchet cutter, solid waste is poured Bales Off district bearing material bucket into, solid waste can not resisted stubbornly with the extruding of ratchet cutter, but by the ratchet cutter throw, fall, loose, broken, thick material is delivered to main bag breaking area by the ratchet set of knives, and thin material is by falling in the sieve mesh; Solid waste after the main bag breaking area broken bag once more by the ratchet cutter throw, fall, loose, broken, the thickness material is separated once more; Thick material is delivered to selectivity chopping district by the ratchet set of knives, selectivity chopping district ratchet set of knives rotating speed is fast, the soft quilt of organic substance rotates the chopping of ratchet cutter at a high speed by falling in the sieve mesh, inorganic substances are upspring to throw by the ratchet cutter firmly and are delivered to the discarded object outlet, many group ratchet set of knives are interconnected to have played conveying, broken, the effect of screening solid waste, material can not push agglomerating after it was thrown the loose crushing method and makes broken bag, the separation of thickness material can not stopped up the sieve mesh yet, can be smoothly to inorganic matter in the solid waste, organic matter carries out sorting, efficiency of separation height.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the solid waste classifier structural representation
Fig. 2 is a solid waste classifier plan structure schematic diagram
Fig. 3 is the magnetic separator structural representation
Fig. 4 is four arm ratchet cutter structure schematic diagrames
Fig. 5 is six arm ratchet cutter structure schematic diagrames
Fig. 6 is a magnetic separation wheel construction schematic diagram
The specific embodiment:
With reference to figure 1---Fig. 6, this solid waste classifier, comprise motor, frame 8, cutter 9, rotating shaft 15, rotating shaft 15 is contained on the frame 8, cutter is a ratchet cutter 9, every ratchet cutter 9 is fixed in the rotating shaft 15 apart from arranging at regular intervals, forms the ratchet set of knives, organizes the interconnected composition waste sorting of ratchet set of knives bed more.
Described waste sorting bed is divided into Bales Off district 6, main bag breaking area 5, selectivity chopping district 3, after main bag breaking area 5 is connected Bales Off district 6, after selectivity chopping district 3 is connected main bag breaking area 5, each is distinguished ratchet set of knives rotating shaft 15 and connects different rotating speeds gear train 16 respectively, by 16 controls of different rotating speeds gear, Bales Off district 6 ratchet set of knives rotating speeds are slow, be four arm ratchet cutters 9, tool arm 22 mainly plays loose, conveying effect, main bag breaking area 5, selectivity chopping district 3 ratchet set of knives rotating speeds are accelerated successively, be six arm ratchet cuttves 9, tool arm 22 mainly plays broken bag, fragmentation, conveying effect.Interconnected cutter 9 forms sieve mesh 17 in the space at interval, when rotating shaft 15 is rotated, 9 rotations of ratchet cutter, transport vehicle is poured solid waste into Bales Off district bearing material bucket 7, the consubstantiality discarded object can not resisted stubbornly with 9 extruding of ratchet cutter, but by ratchet cutter 9 throw, fall, loose, broken, thick material is delivered to main bag breaking area 5 by the ratchet set of knives, thin material is by falling in the sieve mesh 17; Solid waste after main bag breaking area 5 broken bags once more by ratchet cutter 9 throw, fall, loose, broken, the quilt of thickness material separates once more, material can not be extruded into group after the broken bag, the separation of thickness material can not stopped up sieve mesh 17; Main bag breaking area 5 is provided with magnetic separator 4, in magnet 19 is arranged, by the conveying of belt pulley 21, can get rid of metal object 20 in the solid waste after the broken bag; Thick material is delivered to selectivity chopping district 3 by the ratchet set of knives, selectivity chopping district 3 ratchet set of knives rotating speeds are fast, organic matter is shredded by falling in the sieve mesh 17 on the belt pulley 10, inorganic matter is thrown by the ratchet cutter and is delivered to the outlet of sorting bed discarded object, the discarded object exit is provided with air-negative-pressure machine 1, form negative pressuren zone 2, the lightweight thing, as polybag, papery thing, dust, pernicious gas etc. by extracting out the top; Big and heavy discarded object is discharged from side hopper 18 by tower refuse rotor 11, and thin material falls from exporting 13.
Described discarded object port of export frame is provided with support height-regulating device 12, regulates the support gradient, and the support heavy grade can improve broken bag efficient, keeps flat to improve the processing quality.
Described waste sorting bed below is provided with belt conveyor 10, the discarded object exit of belt conveyor 10 is provided with magnetic separation wheel 14, in magnet 19 is arranged, by the conveying of belt pulley 10, metal object 20 falls from exporting 24 in the organic waste, and organic waste is discharged from exporting 23.

Claims (7)

1, solid waste classifier, comprise motor, frame, cutter, rotating shaft, rotating shaft is contained on the frame, it is characterized in that: cutter is the ratchet cutter, fixed distance is in rotating shaft at regular intervals for every ratchet cutter, and formation ratchet set of knives is organized the interconnected composition waste sorting of ratchet set of knives bed more.
2, solid waste classifier according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described waste sorting bed is divided into Bales Off district, main bag breaking area, selectivity chopping district, after main bag breaking area is connected the Bales Off district, after selectivity chopping district was connected main bag breaking area, each was distinguished the rotating shaft of ratchet set of knives and connects the different rotating speeds gear train respectively.
3, solid waste classifier according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described main bag breaking area is provided with magnetic separator.
4, according to claim 1 or 3 described solid waste classifiers, it is characterized in that: described sorting bed discarded object exit is provided with the air-negative-pressure machine.
5, according to claim 1 or 3 described solid waste classifiers, it is characterized in that: described sorting bed discarded object port of export frame is provided with the support height-regulating device.
6, according to claim 1 or 3 described solid waste classifiers, it is characterized in that: described waste sorting bed below is provided with belt conveyor.
7, solid waste classifier according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the discarded object exit of described belt conveyor is provided with the magnetic separation wheel.
CN 200620051461 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 Separator for solid wastes Expired - Fee Related CN2917791Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620051461 CN2917791Y (en) 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 Separator for solid wastes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620051461 CN2917791Y (en) 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 Separator for solid wastes

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2917791Y true CN2917791Y (en) 2007-07-04

Family

ID=38215596

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200620051461 Expired - Fee Related CN2917791Y (en) 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 Separator for solid wastes

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2917791Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103100472A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-15 北京洁绿科技发展有限公司 Bag breaking and crushing integrated device of kitchen garbage
CN103934205A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-07-23 北京中民慈善项目发展中心 Duplex removing machine for non-woven solid foreign matter of waste clothes
CN111229461A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-06-05 西安新意达建筑制品有限公司 Building clout crushing and sorting device
CN111330841A (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-06-26 常伟 Sorting mechanism for garbage disposal

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103100472A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-15 北京洁绿科技发展有限公司 Bag breaking and crushing integrated device of kitchen garbage
CN103934205A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-07-23 北京中民慈善项目发展中心 Duplex removing machine for non-woven solid foreign matter of waste clothes
CN111229461A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-06-05 西安新意达建筑制品有限公司 Building clout crushing and sorting device
CN111330841A (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-06-26 常伟 Sorting mechanism for garbage disposal

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20070704

Termination date: 20130626