CN2901845Y - Sunlight greenhouse - Google Patents

Sunlight greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2901845Y
CN2901845Y CNU2006200711979U CN200620071197U CN2901845Y CN 2901845 Y CN2901845 Y CN 2901845Y CN U2006200711979 U CNU2006200711979 U CN U2006200711979U CN 200620071197 U CN200620071197 U CN 200620071197U CN 2901845 Y CN2901845 Y CN 2901845Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
outside
solar heat
qiang
pillar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2006200711979U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张瑞宏
缪宏
沈辉
李益民
高晓宏
刘国宪
张华�
刘庆华
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Yangzhou University
Original Assignee
Yangzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangzhou University filed Critical Yangzhou University
Priority to CNU2006200711979U priority Critical patent/CN2901845Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2901845Y publication Critical patent/CN2901845Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

A daylight greenhouse relates to technology field of agricultural greenhouse for planting or cultivating, comprising a northern wall, an eastern wall and a western wall that are connected with each other. A front supporting post is arranged in the south, a plurality of ceiling support brackets are arranged on the top of every wall and the front supporting post, wherein the ceiling support brackets are formed through connecting southern slope support brackets with northern slope support brackets in arc shape. Foldable translucent heat-insulating film is distributed on the outer side of the ceiling support brackets, a hot water storage tank is arranged on the inner side of the northern wall, or the eastern wall, or the western wall, which are all heat-isolating walls. The heat-isolating wall comprises an inner supporting post and an outer supporting post, with block detachable heat-insulating boards arranged between the inner supporting post and the outer supporting post. The daylight greenhouse of the utility model has simple and reasonable structure and process steps, with lower construction cost than that of one slope brick wall and equal to the cost of one slope cob wall, but the average temperature in winter is increased by 3-5 degrees, thereby the thermophilic vegetables can be planted in winter without heating, which greatly enhances the planting benefit of the greenhouse, and greatly reduces the labor intensity and amount of labor during planting process.

Description

Greenhouse by solar heat
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural plantation or the greenhouse technology field is used in cultivation.
Technical background
Present greenhouse generally is two kinds of sheds, a kind of is that shed is barricaded as arch by mao bamboon or steel pipe, heat insulation effect is bad, and another kind is greenhouse, Yimianpu, and it is by simultaneously special thick cob wall or brick wall and mao bamboon or steel pipe are barricaded as the slope, the heat insulation effect of this canopy and sunshine availability are all better, can plant the hardy vegetable of surviving the winter, but the performance of ventilating during late spring is very poor, not too is fit to vegetable growth between late spring to early autumn, in addition, the also a large amount of waste mellow soil resource in greenhouse, this Yimianpu.The common feature in these greenhouses is: greenhouse structure falls behind, and is not optimized as yet, and the greenhouse material is comparatively original mostly, and advanced material is not applied as yet.
With regard to structural material, half is arched girder with the mao bamboon for present greenhouse, and half has adopted steel pipe.The life-span of mao bamboon was generally 3 years, and maximum is 5 years, and infected little living bacterium mostly or damaged by worms in use later stage of mao bamboon, this living slightly bacterium and moth again with vegetables formation cross-infection.So-called " old canopy is easily sick " also uses mao bamboon relevant with the structure frame except the soil environment sex change that crop continuous cropping in canopy is caused.In addition, cavity of mao bamboon and the organic ground of hiding oneself and growing that has become first crop crop disease and insect bacterium spore and worm's ovum again.This has further increased the weight of the disease of " old canopy " again; The company that scale in the choice set of chamber planting peasant after finishing primitive accumulation built canopy and became in these several years by steel pipe also adopts steel pipe to build canopy; can prolong the life-span in greenhouse so greatly; and; exempt the defective of the how sick many insect pests of mao bamboon; but steel pipe not only its cost of investment is 8~10 times of mao bamboon; and the anticorrosion expense of steel pipe is also bigger; the critical defect of steel pipe is that the phase in late spring to early autumn is because the environmental temperature factor causes steel pipe that plastic film is produced " lake a heatable brick bed " effect; cause the life-span of plastic film to become half a year, shorten the life-span 3/4 by 2 years.
Use CO 2Can make chamber crop volume increase 30%~120% as gas fertilizer, these technical measures were confirmed by scientific circles before 20 years, be employed, but present greenhouse seldom used this technology, and idol has application also to lack CO 2Checkout gear, and can not science enrich CO 2
The utility model content
The utility model purpose be design a kind of need not soil, the greenhouse by solar heat of masonry walls, high insulating effect.
The utility model comprises interconnective north wall, Dong Qiang and Xi Qiang, in the south front standing pillar is set, at each wall and front standing pillar top ceiling bracket is set, ceiling bracket is interconnected by sloping support in south and north slope support, and curved shape, but arrange foldable type transparent heat insulating film in the ceiling bracket outside, inboard at north wall or Dong Qiang or Xi Qiang is provided with heat storage water tank, described north wall, Dong Qiang and Xi Qiang are insulated wall, insulated wall comprises inside and outside pillar, and the detachable warming plate of piecemeal is set between inside and outside pillar.
The utility model north, east, west are made up of warming plate to wall, and the thickness of novel wall has only about 1/6 of cob wall, has saved a large amount of spaces and land resources.The design of sectional type warming plate is easy for installation and removal, and is convenient to use in different seasons.But arrange foldable type transparent heat insulating film in the ceiling bracket outside, can absorb south orientation sunlight in a large number, play the effect of insulation again.When outdoor temperature rise to a certain degree the time, also the transparent heat insulating folding can be got up.The utility model structure, processing step are simply, rationally, construction cost is lower than Yimianpu brick wall cost, suitable with Yimianpu cob wall cost, but the mean temperature in its winter has risen 3~5 ℃, plant warm season vegetable under the situation about not heat in the winter time, improved the planting benefit in greenhouse greatly, the labour intensity in the planting process and the amount of labour also reduce greatly.
In order to improve heat insulation effect, but the utility model check apron outside the arranged outside foldable type of pillar outside northern insulated wall also.
Other, but also can in northern insulated wall, check apron in the foldable type be set the inboard of pillar.The double-deck curtain that inside and outside check apron forms can be according to different needs, or all puts down use, and heat insulating ability is best, or the part folding, forms certain heat insulation effect, or all foldings, removes fully to be incubated.
The utility model is the sloping support arranged outside transparent heat insulating film in south also, covers the aluminium film in north slope support arranged outside, transparent heat insulating film and cover the aluminium film and interconnect.The transparent heat insulating film of Nan Po is convenient to full dose and is absorbed luminous energy, and the aluminium film that covers of north slope is realized heat insulation function.
In order to strengthen the heat-insulating property of greenhouse by solar heat, cover the aluminium film or sew the aluminium film but foldable type is set in the ceiling bracket inboard.
In like manner, but also can be at front standing pillar arranged outside folding transparent heat insulating film.
Gas passage, carbonic acid gas generating means, carbonic acid gas checkout gear, humidity detector, temperature-detecting device are set in greenhouse by solar heat, and described gas passage is connected with the carbonic acid gas generating means.In this novel greenhouse, design carbonic acid gas generating apparatus and conveying plant and concentration detection apparatus, controlled the gas concentration lwevel in this greenhouse effectively at low cost.
The convection intensity of indoor-outdoor air is provided with inlet/outlet on Dong Qiang or Xi Qiang in order to reduce into and out of door, connects a transition ear chamber outside inlet/outlet, and transition ear chamber is provided with ear chamber door.When entering, advanced ear chamber door enters inlet/outlet again; When going out, go out inlet/outlet earlier, go out ear chamber door again.
Ear chamber door can be to comprise by many overlapping curtain doors that form of plastic sheet, also the bob thing can be set in the plastic sheet lower end.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an East and West direction view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a north-south of the present utility model view;
Fig. 3 is a west side of the present utility model face view;
Fig. 4 is a schematic top plan view of the present utility model.
Among the figure, the 1st, the roller shutter moving axis, the 2nd, outer pillar, the 3rd, interior pillar, the 4th, but the outer check apron of foldable type, the 5th, gas passage, the 6th, heat storage water tank, the 7th, southern sloping transparent heat insulating film, the 8th, but foldable type covers the aluminium film or sews the aluminium film, the 9th, front standing pillar, the 10th, guide rail, the 11st, messenger wire, the 12nd, but check apron in the foldable type, the 13rd, insulation foam plate, the 14th, plastic sheet, the 15th, ceiling bracket, the 16th, weigh down thing, the 17th, drag-line, the 18th, north slope covers the aluminium film, the 19th, ear chamber door, the 20th, inlet/outlet, the 21st, plant, the 22nd, humidity detector, the 23rd, temperature-detecting device, the 24th, the carbonic acid gas checkout gear, the 25th, the carbonic acid gas generating means, the 26th, but foldable type front standing pillar transparent heat insulating film.
A is that northern insulated wall, B are that whole outer cover, C are that transition ear chamber, D are that main greenhouse, E are that winter protection ditch, F are that eastern insulated wall, G are western insulated walls.
Embodiment
Main greenhouse D is made up of northern insulated wall A, eastern insulated wall F, western insulated wall G, front standing pillar 9, whole outer cover B.
But but north insulated wall A is made up of the outer check apron 4 of check apron 12 foldable types in outer pillar 2, interior pillar 3 foldable types, check apron moving axis 1, the detachable insulation foam plate 13 of piecemeal, insulation foam plate 13 begins to arrange from 30~50cm below the ground level, on receive greenhouse north eaves, insulation foam plate 13 is designed to portable.In the winter time, but but in the foldable type the outer check apron 4 of check apron 12 foldable types all put down, and press weight or soil to increase insulation effect.To season late spring, scrolling roller shutter moving axis 1, but but make the height about half of outer check apron 4 volumes of check apron 12 foldable types in the foldable type, suitably remove insulation foam plate 13, just can be aeration-cooling.
The structure of east, west insulated wall F, G and northern insulated wall category-A are with design.
In the south in greenhouse one row's front standing pillar 9 is set, the lower semisection of front standing pillar 9 is embedded in the winter protection ditch E.But front standing pillar 9 arranged outside foldable type front standing pillar transparent heat insulating films 26.
In east, west, north insulated wall F, G and front standing pillar 9 tops are provided with ceiling bracket 15, ceiling bracket 15 is interconnected by sloping support 15-1 in south and north slope support 15-2, and curved shape.
Ceiling bracket 15 is across on outer pillar 2, interior pillar 3 and the front standing pillar 9 of northern insulated wall A, tighten fixing respectively with iron wire, be connected with each root roof beam structure with a transverse steel wire every 2-3m along ceiling bracket 15 length directions, and on side wall, establish corresponding pillar, the drag-line 17 that the function of tightening up can be arranged is arranged in the pillar outside.
Ceiling bracket 15 materials are made with the main raw material(s) of glass fibre and gypsum.The disposed inboard guide rail 10 of ceiling bracket 15 length directions has roller on the guide rail 10, and messenger wire 11 is set under the roller, covers the aluminium film or sews aluminium film 8 but messenger wire 11 connects foldable type.But the mobile realization foldable type of roller on guide rail 10 covers the aluminium film or sews the receipts of aluminium film 8 and put.
The outside in ceiling bracket 15, sloping support 15-1 arranges southern sloping transparent heat insulating film 7 in the outside in south, arrange that in the north slope support 15-2 outside north slope covers aluminium film 18, but north slope covers the North of aluminium film 18 to be connected with the outer check apron 4 of foldable type, the south that north slope covers aluminium film 27 is connected with southern sloping transparent heat insulating film 7, adopt the gluing method that adds hot pressing to connect into integral body, make abundant daylighting in greenhouse and insulation like this.The largest benefit that adopts this whole outer cover is to make the seal degree in greenhouse reach best, to improve the indoor temperature in winter.The sloping transparent heat insulating film 7 in south adopt the curtain rolling shaft structure near ground place, ventilate with convenient.
Heat storage water tank 6 is made by thick slightly plastic film, also becomes soft system water tank.Can reduce cost like this, whole heat storage water tank 6 can be placed in northern insulated wall A top, can save the space like this.Heat storage water tank 6 can be placed in eastern insulated wall F or western insulated wall G top.
Gas passage 5, carbonic acid gas generating means 25, carbonic acid gas checkout gear 24, humidity detector 22, temperature-detecting device 23 are set in main greenhouse D, and gas passage 5 is connected with carbonic acid gas generating means 25.Gas passage 5 is placed in parallel in northern insulated wall A top with heat storage water tank 6, designs a venthole every 0.5~1m.
On the eastern insulated wall F of main greenhouse D or the western insulated wall G inlet/outlet 20 is set, in this example, inlet/outlet 20 is arranged on the western insulated wall G.Connect a transition ear chamber C outside inlet/outlet 20, transition ear chamber C is provided with ear chamber door 19.When entering main greenhouse D, advanced ear chamber door 19, enter transition ear chamber C after, enter inlet/outlet 20 again, could arrive main greenhouse D.When going out, go out inlet/outlet 20 earlier, go out ear chamber door 19 again.
Ear chamber door 19 can be to comprise by many plastic sheets 14 overlapping curtain doors that form, also can be at the affixed bob thing 16 in plastic sheet 14 lower ends.Inlet/outlet 20 also can design according to this.

Claims (9)

1, greenhouse by solar heat, it is characterized in that comprising interconnective north wall, Dong Qiang and Xi Qiang, in the south front standing pillar is set, at each wall and front standing pillar top ceiling bracket is set, ceiling bracket is interconnected by sloping support in south and north slope support, and curved shape, but arrange foldable type transparent heat insulating film in the ceiling bracket outside, inboard at north wall or Dong Qiang or Xi Qiang is provided with heat storage water tank, described north wall, Dong Qiang and Xi Qiang are insulated wall, insulated wall comprises inside and outside pillar, and the detachable warming plate of piecemeal is set between inside and outside pillar.
2,, but it is characterized in that check apron outside the arranged outside foldable type of pillar outside northern insulated wall according to the described greenhouse by solar heat of claim 1.
3,, but it is characterized in that the inboard of pillar in northern insulated wall is provided with check apron in the foldable type according to the described greenhouse by solar heat of claim 1.
4, according to the described greenhouse by solar heat of claim 1, it is characterized in that sloping support arranged outside transparent heat insulating film in south, cover the aluminium film in north slope support arranged outside, transparent heat insulating film and cover the aluminium film and interconnect.
5,, but it is characterized in that covering the aluminium film or sewing the aluminium film at the inboard foldable type that is provided with of ceiling bracket according to the described greenhouse by solar heat of claim 1.
6,, but it is characterized in that at front standing pillar arranged outside folding transparent heat insulating film according to the described greenhouse by solar heat of claim 1.
7, according to the described greenhouse by solar heat of claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with in greenhouse by solar heat gas passage, carbonic acid gas generating means, carbonic acid gas checkout gear, humidity detector, temperature-detecting device, described gas passage is connected with the carbonic acid gas generating means.
8, according to the described greenhouse by solar heat of claim 1, it is characterized in that on Dong Qiang or Xi Qiang, offering inlet/outlet, outside inlet/outlet, connect a transition ear chamber, transition ear chamber is provided with ear chamber door.
9, described according to Claim 8 greenhouse by solar heat is characterized in that ear chamber door comprises by many overlapping curtain doors that form of plastic sheet, is provided with the bob thing in the plastic sheet lower end.
CNU2006200711979U 2006-05-11 2006-05-11 Sunlight greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN2901845Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2006200711979U CN2901845Y (en) 2006-05-11 2006-05-11 Sunlight greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2006200711979U CN2901845Y (en) 2006-05-11 2006-05-11 Sunlight greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2901845Y true CN2901845Y (en) 2007-05-23

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ID=38077246

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2006200711979U Expired - Fee Related CN2901845Y (en) 2006-05-11 2006-05-11 Sunlight greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2901845Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613028A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 黄文永 One-wall energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
CN102626040A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-08-08 孙有芳 All-season multifunctional greenhouse

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102626040A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-08-08 孙有芳 All-season multifunctional greenhouse
CN102613028A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 黄文永 One-wall energy-saving sunlight greenhouse

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20070523

Termination date: 20130511

C17 Cessation of patent right