CN2877247Y - Knapsack corn stem-fringe harvester - Google Patents

Knapsack corn stem-fringe harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2877247Y
CN2877247Y CN 200620080863 CN200620080863U CN2877247Y CN 2877247 Y CN2877247 Y CN 2877247Y CN 200620080863 CN200620080863 CN 200620080863 CN 200620080863 U CN200620080863 U CN 200620080863U CN 2877247 Y CN2877247 Y CN 2877247Y
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China
Prior art keywords
sprocket
chain
driving
wheel
driven
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CN 200620080863
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜仁喜
许兵武
田超洵
宋先林
郑德顺
慕建海
岳桂珍
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RONGCHENG HAISHAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
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RONGCHENG HAISHAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN 200620080863 priority Critical patent/CN2877247Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a back-pack corn harvester reaping both stalk and spike, including a harvest platform, a ears delivery collection device, a straw chopping recovery device and a power drive device. The utility model is characterized in that: a reel device of the harvest platform is equipped on the header fixed bracket in front of the tractor; a straw cutter is equipped on the fixed bracket under the reel device; a straw gripping conveyer is provided between the reel device and a snapping roll; a chopping machine is provided under the snapping roll and the feed inlet of the chopping machine is in the same direction with the snapping roll position; a screw conveyor is provided on the discharge outlet of the chopping machine and the output end is communicated with a vane wheel kicker; the discharge outlet corresponds to the followed trailer; a stubble cleaner is equipped by the landing gear behind the tractor. The whole device reaping both stalk and spike is equipped on the front part of the tractor and has the advantages of compact structure, convenient operation, good applicability, rare snapping roll blockage, low soil content of the recycled straw, high production efficiency, and the realization of one-off operation of snapping harvest, straw chopping recovery and rotary tillage stubble cleaning returning to the field.

Description

Backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the results of corn, especially a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine that corn ear and stalk can be reclaimed.
Background technology
Backpack-type maize harvester is a kind of and the matching used horizontal corn combine of wheel tractor, and this machine is to hang to be fixed on the tractor, utilizes the power of tractor and running gear to carry out operation.The Backpack-type maize harvester of production and sales such as the rich mechanical Co., Ltd of Shandong state, Shandong Dafeng Machinery Co., Ltd. includes harvesting-platform at present, fruit ear is carried gathering unit, straw reducing mechanism and actuating unit.What wherein the straw reducing mechanism adopted usually is the hammer disk mill, and promptly the hammer pawl through cracker impacts pulverizing fast to corn stalk, realizes returning crop stocks to the field.Along with Developing of Animal Industry, increasing to the demand of green fodder, corn stalk obtains everybody approval as a kind of green fodder, and it is imperative therefore increasing on existing Backpack-type maize harvester and changing corn stalk pulverizing retracting device.For example disclose " backpack stalk-spike-reaping corn full width reaping machine " after a kind of like this improvement in the Chinese utility model patent specification of the CN2686299Y of on March 23rd, 2005 bulletin, this maize harvesting machine is provided with some results bodies at the harvesting-platform that hangs on tractor the place ahead, be provided with cane chopping retracting device hanging on rear tractor, its each results body comprises that a pair of acclivitous axis is parallel, the snapping bar that height interlaces and arranges, low snapping bar one side is established defeated fringe plate, the corresponding tassel-conveying driving plate that is fixed on the tassel-conveying chain that is provided with defeated fringe plate, the outside correspondence of snapping bar and defeated fringe plate is provided with rice-pulling chain, rice-pulling chain wheel and distend wheel are established in the lower end of rice-pulling chain, the angular structure that rice-pulling chain wheel and expansion tightening wheel form rice-pulling chain outwards to dehisce; Fruit ear carries gathering unit to comprise the fruit ear horizontal conveying slide carriage groove and the vertical elevator of inclination, the upper end of defeated fringe plate is corresponding with the upper end of the slide carriage groove of inclination, the lower end of slide carriage groove is corresponding with the lower port of the vertical elevator of fruit ear, and the upper port of vertical elevator is corresponding with the fruit ear case; The Apparatus for cutting stalk into pieces that hangs on rear tractor comprises housing, line shaft, cutoff tool, shredder bar and impeller scattering mechanism, the cane porch of housing is provided with the cut-out rotor that is fixed with cutoff tool, the back upper place that cuts off rotor is the chopping rotor that is fixed with the chopping moving knife, there is the chopping stationary knife corresponding on the support body with the chopping moving knife, the rear of chopping rotor is provided with auger conveyor, one end of auger conveyor connects the impeller scattering mechanism, and the discharging opening of scattering mechanism is corresponding with the trailer with tractor.This maize harvesting machine is plucked the fringe results by preposition results body, cane chopping retracting device by postposition carries out straw chopping recovery, have simple and compact for structure, in light weight, the complete machine runnability is good, use advantages such as applicability is strong,, reduces the corn stalk of the backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine of this structure production efficiency but easily stopping up under snapping bar, corn is in plucking the cut-out of fringe and straw, chopping process, the easy kiss the earth of cauline leaf makes the soil-containing rate height of silage fodder, and is apt to deteriorate, be unfavorable for long-term storage, the palatability of feed is poor.Corn stubble after cutting off in addition stays ground, if will remove the root stubble, the installation stubble cleaner of then need resetting carries out secondary operation.
Summary of the invention
, reduces the snapping bar that solves existing backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine production efficiency for easily stopping up down, the soil-containing rate height of green fodder, be difficult for long-term storage, corn stubble stays ground, influence the deficiency of subsequent job, the utility model provides a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine, this backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine not only compact conformation, easy to operate, adaptability is strong, snapping bar be difficult for to stop up, it is low to reclaim the straw soil-containing rate, and can pluck the fringe results, the pulverizing recovery of stalk, rotary tillage stubble-cleaning of corn also once be fulfiled assignment in the field.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine, comprise harvesting-platform, fruit ear is carried gathering unit, straw is pulverized retracting device and the actuating unit of operation power is provided for each execution unit, the harvesting-platform that hangs on tractor the place ahead comprises the forebay that is fixedly connected with tractor, several results bodies that ceding of Taiwan fixed mount that connects with forebay and ceding of Taiwan fixed mount are provided with, wherein each results body comprises that the axis of a pair of fore-and-aft tilt is parallel, snapping bar and a pair of dialing-grain unit that is the angular structure of outwards dehiscing that rotates by the power-transmitting part drive that height interlaces and arranges, each dialing-grain unit is by dialling the standing grain master, driven sprocket and band are dialled the chain of plate and are formed; Fruit ear carry defeated fringe plate that gathering unit comprises that low snapping bar one side is provided with and with fail that the fringe plate correspondingly is provided with the tassel-conveying driving plate that is fixed on the tassel-conveying chain, the fruit ear of inclination carries horizontal slide carriage groove, fruit ear to indulge elevator and fruit ear case, the upper end of defeated fringe plate is corresponding with the upper end of the horizontal slide carriage groove of inclination, the lower end of horizontal slide carriage groove is corresponding with the lower port of the vertical elevator of fruit ear, and the vertical elevator upper port of fruit ear is corresponding with the fruit ear case; Cane chopping retracting device comprises Straw cutting machine, auger conveyor and impeller spinner, cutter mill is made up of the housing that has feeding mouth and discharging opening, line shaft, chopping moving knife, stationary knife, one end of auger conveyor is communicated with the impeller spinner, and the discharging opening of spinner is corresponding with the trailer of following tractor; Actuating unit comprises the power output hinge wheel on the power take-off that is assemblied in tractor, the power output minor sprocket and the driving chain that cooperate with power transmission shaft, be positioned at commutation drive bevel gear and driven angular wheel that the terminal transmission case body of power transmission shaft output is meshed, with the coaxial main shaft drive sprocket of commutation driven wheel of differential, be assemblied on the main shaft with the main shaft driven sprocket of main shaft drive sprocket chain drive and be installed on the main shaft and provide the driving link of power and the power-transmitting part that links with driving link for each execution unit, this driving link reaches the drive disk assembly that links with driving link and comprises vertical elevator drive sprocket of fruit ear and driving chain, be characterized in that described dialing-grain unit correspondence is arranged on the front end of ceding of Taiwan fixed mount, on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount below the dialing-grain unit, be provided with by stationary knife, the straw cutter that moving knife is formed, the straw cutter is realized reciprocal shearing motion by power-transmitting part, dial standing grain outlet and snapping bar at described dialing-grain unit import to be provided with on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount between the end to drive with the corn stalk clamping and through power-transmitting part and are transported to snapping bar and import the straw gripping conveyer of holding, described cutter mill is arranged on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of snapping bar below, the feeding mouth of cutter mill, discharging opening is separately positioned on power on the housing, the below, the last feeding mouth placement direction of cutter mill housing is identical with the placement direction and the corn stalk direction of motion of snapping bar, described auger conveyor is installed on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of lower discharge port below of cutter mill housing, described be installed on the main shaft driving link and with the power-transmitting part of driving link interlock also be included as pluck that fringe transfer case drive disk assembly provides power pluck fringe transfer case power input drive sprocket and driving chain, the cutter mill driving gear that is meshed with the coaxial driven gear of cutter mill line shaft, tassel-conveying chain drive sprocket and driving chain, the outside transmission drive sprocket and driving chain and spinner driving pulley and driving belt are equipped with stubble cleaner by power-transmitting part drive work at rear tractor through undercarriage.The utility model is dialled in milpa by preposition dialing-grain unit and is cut, corn stalk is cut off and is transported to snapping bar by the clamping of straw gripping conveyer from its root by the straw cutter and imports end, what import snapping bar plucks the fringe end, snapping bar pulls down corn stalk in revolution and send, snapping bar is difficult for stopping up, the snapping bar of this moment also is the feeding roller of cutter mill, corn stalk directly is sent to the cutter mill chopping, the straw soil-containing rate is low, fruit ear on the straw is also plucked through fruit ear by snapping bar and is carried gathering unit to collect the fruit ear case, the straw of chopping is transported to the impeller spinner by auger conveyor, to the trailer of following tractor, the corn stubble after the cut-out carries out also field of stubble-cleaning by the stubble cleaner of tractor postposition through the discharging opening throwing of spinner.
The results body that described ceding of Taiwan fixed mount is provided with is 2.
The power-transmitting part of described cutter comprises the outside driven transmission sprocket wheel that is connected by driving chain with the outside transmission drive sprocket that is installed in main shaft, the swinging-ring mechanism with outside driven transmission sprocket coaxiality, the fork that is connected with swinging-ring mechanism, through the guide rod that the Oscillating lever bearing seat is connected with fork, described guide rod is connected with moving knife through the guide rod fixed head.
The described fringe transfer case drive disk assembly of plucking is included in the transfer case casing and transfer case power input coaxial mounted driving-chain drive bevel gear of driven sprocket and snapping bar drive bevel gear, the transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential and the transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential that mesh respectively with the driving-chain drive bevel gear mesh, the driving-chain active upper sprocket wheel coaxial that is provided with on casing top with transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential, the driving-chain active lower sprocket coaxial that is provided with at lower box with transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential, with the intermediate chain wheel of driving-chain active lower sprocket by the driving chain transmission, the snapping bar driven wheel of differential that is meshed with the snapping bar drive bevel gear, the axle of the snapping bar in described snapping bar driven wheel of differential and a pair of snapping bar is coaxial, this snapping bar axle is provided with plucks fringe straight-tooth driving gear, and what the axle of another snapping bar was provided with plucks fringe straight-tooth driven gear and pluck fringe straight-tooth driving gear engaged transmission.
Described straw gripping conveyer is to be combined by outer gripping conveyer and interior gripping conveyer, outer gripping conveyer is by outer clamping drive sprocket, outer clamping driven sprocket, outer clamping chain is formed, interior gripping conveyer is by interior clamping drive sprocket, interior clamping driven sprocket, the tensioner sprocket wheel, interior clamping chain is formed, in, outer clamping chain all is made up of and the layout that is staggered the sleeve roller minor chain of band pointed tooth, its China and foreign countries' clamping chain bar is assemblied in outer clamping drive sprocket, between the outer clamping driven sprocket, interior clamping chain is assemblied in interior clamping drive sprocket, expansion tightening wheel, between the interior clamping driven sprocket, the described driving-chain of plucking on the fringe transfer case power take-off initiatively connects transmission by outer driving-chain between upper sprocket wheel and the outer clamping drive sprocket, described pluck on the fringe transfer case power take-off driving-chain initiatively lower sprocket connect transmission by inner driving system through driving chain and intermediate chain wheel chain drive between intermediate chain wheel and the interior clamping drive sprocket.
Be provided with the taiwan cut off and landing oil cylinder between described ceding of Taiwan fixed mount and the forebay.
Be provided with tooth embedding clutch between the power output minor sprocket of described actuating unit and the power transmission shaft.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, whole stalk-spike-reaping device is arranged on dilatory head front portion, compact conformation, easy to operate, adaptability is strong, snapping bar be difficult for to stop up, reclaim that the stalk soil-containing rate is low, production efficiency is high, that has realized corn plucks fringe results, the pulverizing recovery of stalk, the also disposable operation in field of rotary tillage stubble-cleaning.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is a main structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model part actuating unit.
Fig. 3 is that A among Fig. 1 is to view.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model cutter.
Fig. 5 is along the cutaway view of B-B line among Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is that C among Fig. 5 is to partial view.
Fig. 7 is along the cutaway view of D-D line among Fig. 3.
Fig. 8 is along the cutaway view of E-E line among Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the utility model forebay assembly figure.
1. tractors among the figure, 2. forebay, 3. ceding of Taiwan fixed mount, 4. snapping bar, 5. dialing-grain unit, 6. defeated fringe plate, 7. carry horizontal slide carriage groove, 8. vertical elevator, 9. fruit ear case, 10. bracing frame, 11. Straw cutting machine, 12. impeller spinner, 13. undercarriage, 14. stubble cleaners, 15. tractor motive power output shaft, 16. universal drive festival, 17. the stubble cleaner power transmission shaft, 18. commutation travelling gears, 19. belt wheels, 20. driving-belt, 21. power output hinge wheel, 22. power transmission shafts, 23. power output minor sprocket, 24. driving chain, 25. transmission case body, 26. commutation drive bevel gear, the driven angular wheel of 27. commutations, 28. main shaft drive sprocket, 29. main shaft, 30. driving chains, 31. main shaft driven sprockets, 32. spinner driving pulley, 33. driving belt, 34. pluck fringe transfer case power input drive sprocket, 35. driving chains, 36. cutter mill drive bevel gear, 37. the tassel-conveying chain drive sprocket, 38. driving chains, 39. fruit ears are indulged the elevator drive sprocket, 40. driving chain, 41. outside transmission drive sprocket, 42. driving chains, 43. groups of standing grain drive sprockets, 44. dial the standing grain driven sprocket, 45. dial plate, 46. rice-pulling chain bars, 47. straw gripping conveyers, 48. outer clamping drive sprocket, 49. outer clamping driven sprocket, 50. outer clamping chains, 51. interior clamping drive sprockets, 52. interior clamping driven sprocket, 53. the tensioner sprocket wheel, 54. interior clamping chains, 55. tassel-conveying chains, 56. tassel-conveying driving plate, 57. defeated fringe driven sprocket, 58. fail fringes by movable sprocket, 59. stationary knifes, 60. moving knife, 61. the straw cutter, 62. outside driven transmission sprocket wheels, 63. swinging-ring mechanisms, 64. fork, 65. the Oscillating lever bearing seat, 66. guide rods, 67. guide rod fixed heads, 68. stationary knife support, 69. the adjusting connecting plate, 70. auger conveyors, 71. housings, 72. feeding mouth, 73. discharging opening, 74. cutter mill line shafts, 75. cutter mill driven wheels of differential, 76. power rotor, 77. the chopping moving knife, 78. chopping stationary knifes, 79. front support stands, 80. support, 81. helical axis, 82. blades, 83. conveyer driving pulleys, 84. conveyer driven pulley, 85. driving-belt, 86. shells, 87. spinner impellers, 88. spinner housing, 89. the spinner conduit, 90. spinner driven pulleys, 91. transfer case casings, 92. transfer case power input driven sprocket, 93. the driving-chain drive bevel gear, 94. snapping bar drive bevel gear, 95. transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheels of differential, 96. transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential engagement, 97. driving-chain is upper sprocket wheel initiatively, 98. driving-chains are lower sprocket initiatively, 99. driving chains, 100. intermediate chain wheel, 101. the snapping bar driven wheel of differential, 102. pluck fringe straight-tooth driving gear, and 103. pluck fringe straight-tooth driven gear, 104. outer driving-chain, 105. inner driving system, 106. adjustable shelfs, 107. leading truck assemblies, 108. the taiwan cut off and landing oil cylinder, 109. tooth embedding clutches.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1, the utility model backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine carries gathering unit, straw to pulverize retracting device by harvesting-platform, fruit ear and actuating unit is formed.Harvesting-platform hangs on tractor (1) the place ahead, it comprises the forebay (2) that is fixedly connected with tractor, is provided with the results body with joining ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of forebay (2) (3) and ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3), and the results body comprises snapping bar (4) and dialing-grain unit (5).Fruit ear carries gathering unit to comprise that defeated fringe plate (6), the fruit ear that tilts carry horizontal slide carriage groove (7), the vertical elevator (8) of fruit ear and fruit ear case (9).Horizontal slide carriage groove (7) is identical with existing technology, is one to have the board slot of gradient; It is a drag-flight conveyer that fruit ear is indulged elevator (8), tilts to be fixed on ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) and the rear-mounted bracing frame (10) from low to high, and its structure and drive disk assembly are also same as the prior art, and this does not give unnecessary details.The lower port of the vertical elevator (8) of the lower end of horizontal slide carriage groove (7) and fruit ear is corresponding, and it is corresponding with fruit ear case (9) that fruit ear is indulged the upper port of elevator (8); Fruit ear that snapping bar (4) is taken is through the tassel-conveying driving plate of defeated fringe plate (6) and the motion horizontal slide carriage groove (7) of pulling over, utilize the inclination of horizontal slide carriage groove (7) and the weight of fruit ear self, arrive the lower end of the vertical elevator (8) of fruit ear, fruit ear is indulged elevator (8) fruit ear is carried to the back upper place, is thrown into fruit ear case (9).Cane chopping retracting device comprises Straw cutting machine (11), auger conveyor and impeller spinner (12).Through undercarriage (13) stubble cleaner (14) by power-transmitting part drive work is installed at tractor (1) rear, the power of stubble cleaner (14) is to spread out of by tractor motive power output shaft (15), be delivered to stubble cleaner (14) through a universal drive festival (16), stubble cleaner power transmission shaft (17), commutation travelling gear (18), belt wheel (19) and driving-belt (20), the corn stubble that makes stubble cleaner (14) rotary operation will remain in the field goes out and removes.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the preceding transmission in the utility model actuating unit.In Fig. 2, actuating unit comprises the power output hinge wheel (21) on the power take-off (15) that is assemblied in tractor, the power output minor sprocket (23) and the driving chain (24) that cooperate with power transmission shaft (22), be positioned at the commutation drive bevel gear (26) that is meshed and the driven angular wheel (27) that commutates of the terminal transmission case body (25) of power transmission shaft (22) output, with the coaxial main shaft drive sprocket (28) of commutation driven wheel of differential (27), be assemblied in main shaft (29) and go up the main shaft driven sprocket (31) that connects through driving chain (30) with main shaft drive sprocket (28), main shaft (29) is gone up promising each execution unit of installation the driving link of power and the power-transmitting part that links with driving link is provided, and this driving link reaches the drive disk assembly that links with driving link and comprises spinner driving pulley (32) and the driving belt (33) that is positioned at main shaft (29) one sides, pluck fringe transfer case power input drive sprocket (34) and driving chain (35), cutter mill drive bevel gear (36), tassel-conveying chain drive sprocket (37) and driving chain (38), vertical elevator drive sprocket (39) of fruit ear and driving chain (40), be positioned at the outside transmission drive sprocket (41) and the driving chain (42) of main shaft (29) opposite side.
In Fig. 3, the results body that ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) is provided with is 2, wherein each results body comprises the snapping bar (4) that axis is parallel, height interlaces and arranges of a pair of fore-and-aft tilt, before, during and after snapping bar (4) can be divided on the structure three sections, leading portion is the starting taper body, mainly be that guiding stem stalk enters the effect of plucking roller, the stage casing is the cylinder that has spiral ridge, play straw is imported the fringe end effect of plucking, back segment is the spiral ridge cylinder of interlaced configuration in the other direction, play the effect of plucking fringe and forcing drop-down stalk, in order to avoid stalk stops up.During work, two rollers are guided stalk in revolution and are plucked among the roller gap, and constantly draw downwards and send, and are plucked because the fruit ear diameter can't pass the gap more greatly.
Each results body also comprises a pair of dialing-grain unit (5), and this dialing-grain unit (5) is arranged on the front end of ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3), is the angular structure of outwards dehiscing.Each dialing-grain unit is by dialling standing grain drive sprocket (43), dial standing grain driven sprocket (44) and being with the rice-pulling chain bar (46) of dialling plate (45) to form, and the tightness of rice-pulling chain bar (46) is adjusted by the strainer of dialling on the standing grain driven sprocket (44), the chain (46) of dialing-grain unit (5) is assemblied in to be dialled between standing grain drive sprocket (43) and group standing grain driven sprocket (44), the corn that plate (45) can will enter dialing-grain unit (5) inlet of dialling on it is stirred backward, makes it more successfully to enter to cut.In Fig. 3, import and be provided with the corn stalk clamping on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) between the end and be transported to the straw gripping conveyer (47) that snapping bar (4) imports end at each dial standing grain outlet and snapping bar (4) to dialing-grain unit (5), each outer gripping conveyer that gripping conveyer (47) all is made up of outer clamping drive sprocket (48), outer clamping driven sprocket (49), outer clamping chain (50) reaches the interior gripping conveyer of being made up of interior clamping drive sprocket (51), interior clamping driven sprocket (52), tensioner sprocket wheel (53), interior clamping chain (54) and combines.In order to guarantee compact conformation of the present utility model, outer clamping drive sprocket (48), interior clamping drive sprocket (51) are the two-layer chain drive structures that adopts upper and lower double-stranded wheel; Equally, outer clamping driven sprocket (49), interior clamping driven sprocket (52) is all coaxial with group standing grain drive sprocket, also be on adopting, the two-layer chain drive structure of following double-stranded wheel, lower floor's sprocket wheel of sprocket wheel is respectively outer clamping driven sprocket (49), interior clamping driven sprocket (52), the upper strata sprocket wheel is to dial the standing grain drive sprocket, its China and foreign countries' clamping chain bars (50) are assemblied in lower floor's sprocket wheel of outer clamping drive sprocket (48), between the outer clamping driven sprocket (49), lower floor's sprocket wheel of clamping drive sprocket (51) in interior clamping chain (54) is assemblied in, expansion tightening wheel (53), between the interior clamping driven sprocket (52).Interior clamping chain (54), outer clamping chain (50) all are made up of the sleeve roller minor chain of the band pointed tooth of certain width, and layout between the two is staggered, at the bottom of the tooth of the outer clamping chain (50) of the tooth top correspondence of clamping chain (54), the stalk that cuts off steadily can not fallen down to the ground like this and send into snapping bar promptly.
Among Fig. 3, the defeated fringe plate (6) that is provided with in low snapping bar one side reaches the corresponding tassel-conveying driving plate (56) that is fixed on the tassel-conveying chain (55) that is provided with defeated fringe plate (6).Because of results body of the present utility model is 2, so defeated fringe plate (6) is positioned at the middle part of two pairs of snapping bars, tassel-conveying chain (55) is assemblied in defeated fringe driven sprocket (57), defeated fringe by between the movable sprocket (58), and defeated fringe driven sprocket (57) is realized chain drive through driving chain (38) and the defeated fringe driven sprocket (37) on the main shaft (29).The upper end of defeated fringe plate (6) is corresponding with the upper end of the horizontal slide carriage groove (7) of Fig. 1 medium dip.
In Fig. 3, on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) of dialing-grain unit (5) below, be provided with the straw cutter of forming by stationary knife (59), moving knife (60) (61), straw cutter (61) is realized reciprocal shearing motion by power-transmitting part.As shown in Figure 4, the power-transmitting part of straw cutter comprise with main shaft on outside transmission drive sprocket realize the outside driven transmission sprocket wheel (62) of chain, the guide rod (66) that is connected with fork (64) with the coaxial swinging-ring mechanism (63) of outside driven transmission sprocket wheel (62), the fork (64) that is connected with swinging-ring mechanism (63), through Oscillating lever bearing seat (65), guide rod (66) is connected with moving knife (60) through guide rod fixed head (67), and stationary knife (59) is installed on stationary knife support (68) and upward is installed on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) through regulating connecting plate (69).
In Fig. 1, Fig. 5, cane chopping retracting device comprises Straw cutting machine (11), auger conveyor (70) and impeller spinner (12).Straw cutting machine (11) is arranged on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of snapping bar (4) below, Fig. 5, among Fig. 6, the housing (71) of cutter mill (11) is a drum-type, the feeding mouth (72) of housing (71) and lower discharge port (73) lay respectively at the above and below of housing (71), feeding mouth on the cutter mill housing (72) placement direction is identical with the placement direction and the corn stalk direction of motion of snapping bar (4), cutter mill driven wheel of differential (75) is installed on the cutter mill line shaft (74), this driven wheel of differential (75) be installed on main shaft (29) on cutter mill initiatively cone pulley (36) be meshed, with 5 chopping moving knife (77) are installed on the power rotor (76) that line shaft (74) is connected, every angled being evenly distributed on the power rotor (76) of chopping moving knife (77), chopping stationary knife (78) is fixed on by attachment bolt and is positioned on the tool fixing frame that feeding mouth (72) locates, between chopping moving knife (77) and the chopping stationary knife (78) certain interval is arranged, be generally 0.15-1mm.
In Fig. 6, the installation, maintenance and the maintenance of cutter mill for convenience, the front end of cutter mill is to be connected on the header frame through the front support stand (79) that tape spool holds, line shaft of cutter mill (74) and main shaft (29) are installed on respectively on the bearing block of support (80), and this support (80) is connected with ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3).
In Fig. 5, auger conveyor (70) is horizontally installed on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) of cutter mill housing lower discharge port (73) below, auger conveyor (70) is by helical axis (81), be welded in the blade (82) on the helical axis (81), with outside driven transmission sprocket coaxiality conveyer driving pulley (83), be installed on the conveyer driven pulley (84) on the helical axis (81), driving-belt (85) and shell (86) are formed, the power of driving-belt (85) with the main shaft transmission is through the conveyer master, driven pulley is passed to helical axis (81), one end of auger conveyor (70) is communicated with impeller spinner (12), the straw of auger conveyor (70) horizontal feed chopping.
Spinner (12) is made up of spinner impeller (87), spinner housing (88), spinner conduit (89), realize transmission with the spinner driving pulley (32) that the coaxial mounted spinner driven pulley of spinner impeller (87) (90) is installed on driving belt (33) and main shaft, make spinner impeller (87) high speed rotating, the broken stem stalk that auger conveyor (70) is sent here sprays by spinner conduit (89) with higher speed, and the broken stem stalk of ejection is generally accepted and transported back by accompanying trailer.
Fig. 7, Fig. 8 are the cutaway views of plucking the fringe transfer case.As Fig. 7, shown in Figure 8, in the casing (91) of transfer case, be coaxially installed with driving-chain drive bevel gear (93) and snapping bar drive bevel gear (94) with transfer case power input driven sprocket (92), driving-chain drive bevel gear (93) respectively with transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential (95), transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential engagement (96), be provided with the driving-chain active upper sprocket wheel (97) coaxial with transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential (95) on casing top, be provided with the driving-chain active lower sprocket (98) coaxial at lower box with transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential (96), driving-chain initiatively lower sprocket (98) links through the lower sprocket of driving chain (99) with intermediate chain wheel (100), snapping bar drive bevel gear (94) and snapping bar driven wheel of differential (101) engagement, the axle of the snapping bar in a pair of snapping bar (4) is coaxial with snapping bar driven wheel of differential (101), this snapping bar axle is provided with plucks fringe straight-tooth driving gear (102), plucks fringe straight-tooth driven gear (103) engaged transmission with the axle of another snapping bar is provided with.
In Fig. 3, driving-chain initiatively connects transmission by outer driving-chain (104) between the upper sprocket wheel of upper sprocket wheel (97) and outer clamping drive sprocket (48), and connects transmission by inner driving system (105) between the upper sprocket wheel of the upper sprocket wheel of the driving-chain active chaindriven intermediate chain wheel of lower sprocket (100) and interior clamping drive sprocket (51).
As shown in Figure 9, adjustable shelf (106) on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) is arranged in the leading truck assembly (107) of forebay (2), between ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) and forebay (2), be provided with taiwan cut off and landing oil cylinder (108), wherein the cylinder body of taiwan cut off and landing oil cylinder (108) is installed on the forebay (2), the piston of taiwan cut off and landing oil cylinder is installed on the adjustable shelf (106) of ceding of Taiwan fixed mount, on controlling in the leading truck assembly (107) of adjustable shelf (106) mmi machine frame (2) that taiwan cut off and landing oil cylinder (108) makes ceding of Taiwan fixed mount, lower slider, and then by body rising of ceding of Taiwan fixed mount (3) drive results or decline.
In order to grasp nearly actuating unit easily, among Fig. 2, between power output minor sprocket (23) and power transmission shaft (22), be provided with tooth embedding clutch (105).
The workflow of each execution unit of the utility model is respectively:
Corn ear is plucked to knock off and made flow process: corn stalk is dialled standing grain, and cutter cuts off the corn stalk root, and clamping chain clamping corn stalk is carried, straw feeding snapping bar, and corn ear is plucked fringe, and corncob is transported to maize cob collector.
Corn stalk harvesting work flow process: corn stalk is dialled standing grain, cutter cuts off the corn stalk root, clamping chain clamping corn stalk is carried, straw feeding snapping bar, snapping bar pulls down corn stalk in revolution and send, and snapping bar is as the feeding roller of cutter mill, the chopping of corn stalk feeding cutter mill, the straw of chopping is transported to the impeller spinner by auger conveyor, through the discharging opening throwing of spinner to stooker or directly throw to loose and realize returning crop stocks to the field to ground.
The root stubble goes out except that workflow: the corn stubble after the cut-out, tractor are gone out the root stubble by the stubble cleaner of the suspension at its rear in the operation traveling process and remove also field.
The power that the utility model provides for each execution unit is produced by the power shaft (15) of tractor, spread out of by power output hinge wheel (21), through driving chain (24), power output minor sprocket (23), power transmission shaft (22), commutation drive bevel gear (26), the driven angular wheel (27) that commutates, main shaft drive sprocket (28), spindle drive chain (30), main shaft driven sprocket (31), reach on the main shaft (29).
The fringe transfer case power input drive sprocket (31) of plucking on the main shaft (29) reaches power through driving chain (35) and plucks fringe transfer case power input driven sprocket (92), by with the coaxial snapping bar drive bevel gear (94) of transfer case power input driven sprocket (92) through snapping bar driven wheel of differential (101), with the coaxial snapping bar axle of snapping bar driven wheel of differential (101) be provided with pluck fringe straight-tooth driving gear (102) and and another snapping bar axle be provided with pluck fringe straight-tooth driven gear (103) engaged transmission, realize the rotation in the same way of two snapping bars, implement to pluck fringe.
Also realize other two-way transmission on the fringe transfer case plucking, wherein one tunnel transmission is: power is by importing the coaxial driving-chain drive bevel gear (93) of driven sprocket (92) with transfer case power, be delivered to the transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential (95) that is meshed with it, then through the driving-chain active upper sprocket wheel (97) coaxial with transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential (95), outer driving-chain (104) is with the upper sprocket wheel of transmission of power to outer clamping drive sprocket (48), and the lower sprocket of outer clamping drive sprocket (48) is realized transmission through outer clamping chain (50) and outer clamping driven sprocket (49); The transmission on another road is: power is by importing the coaxial driving-chain drive bevel gear (93) of driven sprocket (92) with transfer case power, be delivered to the transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential (96) that is meshed with it, then through the driving-chain active lower sprocket (98) coaxial with transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential (96), driving chain (99) is passed to the lower sprocket of intermediate chain wheel (100), again by the upper sprocket wheel of upper sprocket wheel clamping drive sprocket (51) in driving-chain (105) is passed to of intermediate chain wheel (100), again by the lower sprocket of interior clamping drive sprocket (51) through interior clamping chain (54) and tensioner sprocket wheel (53), interior clamping driven sprocket (52) is realized transmission, has realized being carried by the common clamping corn stalk of outer clamping chain (50) and interior clamping chain (54); Follow-up transmission is to reach through the rice-pulling chain bar through the upper strata sprocket wheel of outer clamping driven sprocket (49), interior clamping driven sprocket (52) (i.e. two dialing-grain units dial standing grain drive sprocket) respectively through lower floor's sprocket wheel respectively to dial the motion that the standing grain driven sprocket is realized the rice-pulling chain bar, by group firm and hard group standing grain of executing on the rice-pulling chain bar.
Cutter mill drive bevel gear (36) on the main shaft (29) reaches cutter mill (11) with the driven wheel of differential (75) of power through being installed on the cutter mill line shaft (74), implements the chopping of corn stalk.
Tassel-conveying chain drive sprocket (37) on the main shaft (29) is delivered to defeated fringe driven sprocket (57) with power through driving chain (38), drive by defeated fringe driven sprocket (57) and to be assemblied in defeated fringe driven sprocket (57) and to be realized rotation by the tassel-conveying chain bar (55) of the band tassel-conveying driving plate (56) between the movable sprocket (58) with defeated fringe, fruit ear under will plucking by the snapping bar horizontal slide carriage groove (7) of pulling over, utilize the inclination of horizontal slide carriage groove (7) and the weight of fruit ear self, arrive the lower end of the vertical elevator (8) of fruit ear; The vertical elevator drive sprocket (39) of fruit ear on the main shaft (29) is passed to driven sprocket with power through driving chain (40), by driven sprocket and by the scraper plate on the driving chain between the movable sprocket fruit ear fruit ear is carried to the back upper place again, is thrown into fruit ear case (9).
Outside transmission drive sprocket (41) on the main shaft (29) with power through driving chain (42) reach outside driven transmission sprocket wheel (62), with the coaxial swinging-ring mechanism (63) of outside driven transmission sprocket wheel (62), the fork (64) that is connected with swinging-ring mechanism (63), on Oscillating lever bearing seat and guide rod (66) that fork (64) is connected, worm drive are become reciprocating motion, the moving knife (60) that is connected with guide rod (66) is cooperated with stationary knife (59) on the tool fixing frame cut off straw; Simultaneously, through power being reached the helical axis (81) of the coaxial auger conveyor of driven pulley (84) through driving belt (85), realize the straw of auger conveyor horizontal feed chopping with the coaxial conveyer driving pulley (83) of outside driven transmission sprocket wheel (62).
Spinner driving pulley (32) on the main shaft with power through driving belt (33) drive to the coaxial mounted spinner driven pulley of spinner impeller (82) (90) on, realize spinner impeller (87) high speed rotating, the broken stem stalk that auger conveyor (70) is sent here sprays by spinner conduit (89) with higher speed.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine, comprise harvesting-platform, fruit ear is carried gathering unit, straw is pulverized retracting device and the actuating unit of operation power is provided for each execution unit, the harvesting-platform that hangs on tractor the place ahead comprises the forebay that is fixedly connected with tractor, several results bodies that ceding of Taiwan fixed mount that connects with forebay and ceding of Taiwan fixed mount are provided with, wherein each results body comprises that the axis of a pair of fore-and-aft tilt is parallel, snapping bar and a pair of dialing-grain unit that is the angular structure of outwards dehiscing that rotates by the power-transmitting part drive that height interlaces and arranges, each dialing-grain unit is by dialling the standing grain master, driven sprocket and band are dialled the chain of plate and are formed; Fruit ear carry defeated fringe plate that gathering unit comprises that low snapping bar one side is provided with and with fail that the fringe plate correspondingly is provided with the tassel-conveying driving plate that is fixed on the tassel-conveying chain, the fruit ear of inclination carries horizontal slide carriage groove, fruit ear to indulge elevator and fruit ear case, the upper end of defeated fringe plate is corresponding with the upper end of the horizontal slide carriage groove of inclination, the lower end of horizontal slide carriage groove is corresponding with the lower port of the vertical elevator of fruit ear, and the vertical elevator upper port of fruit ear is corresponding with the fruit ear case; Cane chopping retracting device comprises Straw cutting machine, auger conveyor and impeller spinner, cutter mill is made up of the housing that has feeding mouth and discharging opening, line shaft, chopping moving knife, stationary knife, one end of auger conveyor is communicated with the impeller spinner, and the discharging opening of spinner is corresponding with the trailer of following tractor; Actuating unit comprises the power output hinge wheel on the power take-off that is assemblied in tractor, the power output minor sprocket and the driving chain that cooperate with power transmission shaft, be positioned at commutation drive bevel gear and driven angular wheel that the terminal transmission case body of power transmission shaft output is meshed, with the coaxial main shaft drive sprocket of commutation driven wheel of differential, be assemblied on the main shaft with the main shaft driven sprocket of main shaft drive sprocket chain drive and be installed on the main shaft and provide the driving link of power and the power-transmitting part that links with driving link for each execution unit, this driving link reaches the drive disk assembly that links with driving link and comprises vertical elevator drive sprocket of fruit ear and driving chain, it is characterized in that: described dialing-grain unit correspondence is arranged on the front end of ceding of Taiwan fixed mount, on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount below the dialing-grain unit, be provided with by stationary knife, the straw cutter that moving knife is formed, the straw cutter is realized reciprocal shearing motion by power-transmitting part, dial standing grain outlet and snapping bar at described dialing-grain unit import to be provided with on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount between the end to drive with the corn stalk clamping and through power-transmitting part and are transported to snapping bar and import the straw gripping conveyer of holding, described cutter mill is arranged on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of snapping bar below, the feeding mouth of cutter mill, discharging opening is separately positioned on the housing top, the below, the last feeding mouth placement direction of cutter mill housing is identical with the placement direction and the corn stalk direction of motion of snapping bar, described auger conveyor is installed on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of lower discharge port below of cutter mill housing, described be installed on the main shaft driving link and with the power-transmitting part of driving link interlock also be included as pluck that fringe transfer case drive disk assembly provides power pluck fringe transfer case power input drive sprocket and driving chain, the cutter mill driving gear that is meshed with the coaxial driven gear of cutter mill line shaft, tassel-conveying chain drive sprocket and driving chain, the outside transmission drive sprocket and driving chain and spinner driving pulley and driving belt are equipped with stubble cleaner by power-transmitting part drive work at rear tractor through undercarriage.
2, a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the results body that described ceding of Taiwan fixed mount is provided with is 2.
3, a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the power-transmitting part of described cutter comprises the outside driven transmission sprocket wheel that is connected by driving chain with the outside transmission drive sprocket that is installed in main shaft, the swinging-ring mechanism with outside driven transmission sprocket coaxiality, the fork that is connected with swinging-ring mechanism, through the guide rod that the Oscillating lever bearing seat is connected with fork, and described guide rod is connected with moving knife through the guide rod fixed head.
4, a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the described fringe transfer case drive disk assembly of plucking is included in the transfer case casing and transfer case power input coaxial mounted driving-chain drive bevel gear of driven sprocket and snapping bar drive bevel gear, the transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential and the transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential that mesh respectively with the driving-chain drive bevel gear mesh, the driving-chain active upper sprocket wheel coaxial that is provided with on casing top with transmission upper sprocket wheel driven wheel of differential, the driving-chain active lower sprocket coaxial that is provided with at lower box with transmission lower sprocket driven wheel of differential, with the intermediate chain wheel of driving-chain active lower sprocket by the driving chain transmission, the snapping bar driven wheel of differential that is meshed with the snapping bar drive bevel gear, the axle of the snapping bar in described snapping bar driven wheel of differential and a pair of snapping bar is coaxial, this snapping bar axle is provided with plucks fringe straight-tooth driving gear, and what the axle of another snapping bar was provided with plucks fringe straight-tooth driven gear and pluck fringe straight-tooth driving gear engaged transmission.
5, a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described straw gripping conveyer is to be combined by outer gripping conveyer and interior gripping conveyer, outer gripping conveyer is by outer clamping drive sprocket, outer clamping driven sprocket, outer clamping chain is formed, interior gripping conveyer is by interior clamping drive sprocket, interior clamping driven sprocket, the tensioner sprocket wheel, interior clamping chain is formed, in, outer clamping chain all is made up of and the layout that is staggered the sleeve roller minor chain of band pointed tooth, its China and foreign countries' clamping chain bar is assemblied in outer clamping drive sprocket, between the outer clamping driven sprocket, interior clamping chain is assemblied in interior clamping drive sprocket, expansion tightening wheel, between the interior clamping driven sprocket, the described driving-chain of plucking on the fringe transfer case power take-off initiatively connects transmission by outer driving-chain between upper sprocket wheel and the outer clamping drive sprocket, described pluck on the fringe transfer case power take-off driving-chain initiatively lower sprocket connect transmission by inner driving system through driving chain and intermediate chain wheel chain drive between intermediate chain wheel and the interior clamping drive sprocket.
6, a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with the taiwan cut off and landing oil cylinder between described ceding of Taiwan fixed mount and the forebay.
7, a kind of backpack stalk-spike-reaping maize harvesting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with tooth embedding clutch between the power output minor sprocket of described actuating unit and the power transmission shaft.
CN 200620080863 2006-01-26 2006-01-26 Knapsack corn stem-fringe harvester Expired - Fee Related CN2877247Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620080863 CN2877247Y (en) 2006-01-26 2006-01-26 Knapsack corn stem-fringe harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101411268B (en) * 2007-11-29 2011-10-12 乔宏岳 Header of corn cutter for harvesting stem and ear of with self-adaption row spacing
CN101647347B (en) * 2008-08-14 2012-09-19 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Harvesting unit body of small row spacing corn harvesting machine
CN101731057B (en) * 2008-11-13 2013-03-20 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Straw collecting and pulverizing device of corn harvester
CN103053272A (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-04-24 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Straw conveying and throwing device of corn harvester
CN108260404A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-10 中国农业大学 The stalk that anti-blocking scattering mechanism is adjusted with non-directional crushes and mixed buries covering machine
CN109076777A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-25 宿州市旭龙生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of high-power maize harvesting machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101411268B (en) * 2007-11-29 2011-10-12 乔宏岳 Header of corn cutter for harvesting stem and ear of with self-adaption row spacing
CN101647347B (en) * 2008-08-14 2012-09-19 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Harvesting unit body of small row spacing corn harvesting machine
CN101731057B (en) * 2008-11-13 2013-03-20 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Straw collecting and pulverizing device of corn harvester
CN103053272A (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-04-24 荣成市海山机械制造有限公司 Straw conveying and throwing device of corn harvester
CN108260404A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-10 中国农业大学 The stalk that anti-blocking scattering mechanism is adjusted with non-directional crushes and mixed buries covering machine
CN109076777A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-25 宿州市旭龙生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of high-power maize harvesting machine
CN109076777B (en) * 2018-08-07 2020-07-10 安徽省华腾农业科技有限公司 High-horsepower corn harvester

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