CN2845199Y - Planar di-polar intellectual antenna array - Google Patents

Planar di-polar intellectual antenna array Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2845199Y
CN2845199Y CN 200520068149 CN200520068149U CN2845199Y CN 2845199 Y CN2845199 Y CN 2845199Y CN 200520068149 CN200520068149 CN 200520068149 CN 200520068149 U CN200520068149 U CN 200520068149U CN 2845199 Y CN2845199 Y CN 2845199Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
radiant
array
antenna array
directional coupler
flat board
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN 200520068149
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴中林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tongyu Communication Inc
Original Assignee
TONGYU COMMUNICATION APPARATUS CO Ltd ZHONGSHAN
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TONGYU COMMUNICATION APPARATUS CO Ltd ZHONGSHAN filed Critical TONGYU COMMUNICATION APPARATUS CO Ltd ZHONGSHAN
Priority to CN 200520068149 priority Critical patent/CN2845199Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2845199Y publication Critical patent/CN2845199Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a planar directional dual-polarized intellectual antenna array which comprises a reflecting board, wherein two columns or more than two columns array element radiators are arranged on the reflecting board; each column of array element radiators at least comprise one or more than one unit radiator; each unit irradiator is composed of two cross-polarization irradiators. The antenna array also comprises two sets of calibrating coupling circuits, wherein each set of calibrating coupling circuits comprise equipower dividers and directional couplers; each directional coupler of one set of calibrating coupling circuits is respectively connected to a feed point corresponding to one cross-polarization irradiator of each array element irradiator through feeder cables; each directional coupler of the other set of calibrating coupling circuits is connected to a feed point corresponding to the other cross-polarization irradiator of each array element irradiator through the feed cables. The structure which is favorable to the expansion of systems can reduce the interference of a network, and has high gain; the utility model can effectively control the covering radius of the network, and can also calibrate the phase and the amplitude of a radiator.

Description

The directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board
Technical field
The utility model relates to the directed dual-polarization intelligent antenna structure of a kind of flat board, especially a kind of smart antenna array that is applied to moving communicating field.
Background technology
Mobile communication began to grow up in the eighties in 20th century, was energetic a kind of modern communications business.In the period of short 20, the experience in technical two generations of passing by, the i.e. second generation narrow-band digital technology of the first generation analogue technique of the eighties and the nineties.In the last few years, along with the breakthrough of the broadband technology of radio communication, mobile communication to based on CDMA, had been the third generation 3G technology development of feature with broadband communication.
Simultaneously, along with the continuous development of global mobile communication business, number of users constantly increases, and type of service is more and more diversified, frequency resource has become the matter of utmost importance of the bottleneck that solves the mobile communication development, so must adopt some new technology to improve band efficiency.Smart antenna is exactly to realize one of technology of this target.
Smart antenna has improved the performance and the covering of cdma system widely, improves power system capacity thereby can reduce to a great extent to disturb, and becomes one of key technology of 3G (Third Generation) Moblie.But in actual use, must resolve the variety of issue that smart antenna brings, and the complexity of the simplified system of trying one's best.
Existing smart antenna mainly contains circle battle array and two kinds of dull and stereotyped battle arrays, wherein, in the smart antenna of dull and stereotyped battle array, array element generally adopts the single polarization form, and single-polarized antenna generally is applied in the space diversity, be subjected to spatial limitation bigger, and general antenna amount requirement is more, is unfavorable for the further dilatation of system.
Summary of the invention
At the problems referred to above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of intelligent bipolar antenna array array structure, it has and can not reduce antenna amount under the prerequisite of variation in every performance index, reduce capital expenditure, the site is required advantages such as low and high receive diversity gain, and help the advantage of System Expansion.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopted is:
The directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board, comprise reflecting plate, it is characterized in that: two row or the above array element radiant body of two row are installed on the reflecting plate, the first radiant body of every array comprises one or above unit radiant body at least, each unit radiant body is made up of the radiant body of two orthogonal polarizations, this antenna array also includes two groups of calibration coupling circuits, every group of calibration coupling circuit comprises constant power distributor and directional coupler, wherein each directional coupler of one group of calibration coupling circuit is connected to the corresponding distributing point of an orthogonal polarization radiant body of each array element radiant body respectively by feeder cable, and each directional coupler of another group calibration coupling circuit is connected in each array element radiant body on the corresponding distributing point of another orthogonal polarization radiant body by feeder cable respectively.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: this structure not only helps the dilatation of system, and can reduce network interferences, and gain is high, and effectively the Control Network covering radius can also be calibrated phase place, the amplitude of radiant body.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment one of calibration coupling circuit of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment two of calibration coupling circuit of the present utility model.
Embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, the directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board, comprise reflecting plate 10, two row or the above array element radiant body 30 of two row are installed on the reflecting plate 10, be four row as shown in FIG., the first radiant body 30 of every array comprises one or above unit radiant body 40 at least, each unit radiant body is the radiant body 41 by two orthogonal polarizations, 42 form, this antenna array also includes two groups of back side calibration coupling circuits 20 that are installed in reflecting plate, 25, every group of calibration coupling circuit comprises constant power distributor 22,26 and directional coupler 24,27, every group of quantity of calibrating the directional coupler in the coupling circuit is identical with the columns of array element radiant body, as Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2 with four corresponding directional couplers of four arrays units radiant body, wherein each directional coupler 24 of one group of calibration coupling circuit 20 is connected to the corresponding distributing point of an orthogonal polarization radiant body of each array element radiant body respectively by feeder cable 50, and each directional coupler 27 of another group calibration coupling circuit 25 is connected in each array element radiant body on the corresponding distributing point of another orthogonal polarization radiant body by feeder cable 52 respectively.
In the utility model, as preferred implementation, it is wide that spacing is about 1/2nd wavelength between the row of adjacent array element radiant body.
Each unit radiant body is about quarter-wave from the distance of reflecting plate 10.
And radiant body 41,42 can be oscillator structure or microstrip structure.
In addition, the conductive layer that each calibration coupling circuit comprises a dielectric-slab and is positioned at the dielectric-slab reverse side, the constant power distributor is located at the dielectric-slab front, and directional coupler is located at each bifurcation of constant power distributor, wherein the coupling amount of directional coupler is identical, and structure is identical.
In addition, when the array element radiant body of smart antenna has eight row, then every group calibration coupling circuit can be as shown in Figure 3, and its directional coupler has corresponding eight.
Certainly, the utility model as long as it reaches the technique effect of the invention with essentially identical means, all should belong to protection range of the present utility model except above-mentioned execution mode.

Claims (6)

1, the directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board, comprise reflecting plate, it is characterized in that: two row or the above array element radiant body of two row are installed on the reflecting plate, the first radiant body of every array comprises one or above unit radiant body at least, each unit radiant body is made up of the radiant body of two orthogonal polarizations, this antenna array also includes two groups of calibration coupling circuits, every group of calibration coupling circuit comprises constant power distributor and directional coupler, wherein each directional coupler of one group of calibration coupling circuit is connected to the corresponding distributing point of an orthogonal polarization radiant body of each array element radiant body respectively by feeder cable, and each directional coupler of another group calibration coupling circuit is connected in each array element radiant body on the corresponding distributing point of another orthogonal polarization radiant body by feeder cable respectively.
2, the directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it is wide that spacing is about 1/2nd wavelength between the row of adjacent array element radiant body.
3, the directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: each unit radiant body is about quarter-wave from the distance of reflecting plate.
4, the directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: radiant body is oscillator structure or microstrip structure.
5, the directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the calibration coupling circuit is installed in the back side of reflecting plate.
6, the directed intelligent bipolar antenna array of a kind of flat board according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described calibration coupling circuit comprises a dielectric-slab and is positioned at the conductive layer of dielectric-slab reverse side, the constant power distributor is located at the dielectric-slab front, directional coupler is located at each bifurcation of constant power distributor, wherein the coupling amount of directional coupler is identical, and structure is identical.
CN 200520068149 2005-11-21 2005-11-21 Planar di-polar intellectual antenna array Expired - Lifetime CN2845199Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520068149 CN2845199Y (en) 2005-11-21 2005-11-21 Planar di-polar intellectual antenna array

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520068149 CN2845199Y (en) 2005-11-21 2005-11-21 Planar di-polar intellectual antenna array

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2845199Y true CN2845199Y (en) 2006-12-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200520068149 Expired - Lifetime CN2845199Y (en) 2005-11-21 2005-11-21 Planar di-polar intellectual antenna array

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2845199Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101192707B (en) * 2007-12-03 2011-11-30 中国移动通信集团广东有限公司 Electricity adjusting directional intelligent antenna
CN103825107A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-05-28 张家港保税区国信通信有限公司 Dual-polarization dual-beam patch array antenna
CN104143692A (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-11-12 中国电信股份有限公司 Multi-antenna array and base station
CN104819952A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-05 中国工程物理研究院电子工程研究所 Method and system for measuring polarization characteristics of material at terahertz wave band

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101192707B (en) * 2007-12-03 2011-11-30 中国移动通信集团广东有限公司 Electricity adjusting directional intelligent antenna
CN104143692A (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-11-12 中国电信股份有限公司 Multi-antenna array and base station
CN103825107A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-05-28 张家港保税区国信通信有限公司 Dual-polarization dual-beam patch array antenna
CN104819952A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-05 中国工程物理研究院电子工程研究所 Method and system for measuring polarization characteristics of material at terahertz wave band
CN104819952B (en) * 2015-04-17 2017-09-26 中国工程物理研究院电子工程研究所 It is a kind of to be used to measure method and system of the material in terahertz wave band polarization characteristic

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 528437 Torch Road 9, Torch Development Zone, Guangdong, Zhongshan, -1

Patentee after: Guangdong Tongyu Communications Co., Ltd.

Address before: 528437 Torch Road 9, Torch Development Zone, Guangdong, Zhongshan, -1

Patentee before: Guangdong Tongyu Communication Equipment Co., Ltd.

CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 528437 Torch Road 9, Torch Development Zone, Guangdong, Zhongshan, -1

Patentee after: Guangdong Tongyu Communication Equipment Co., Ltd.

Address before: 528437 Torch Road 9, torch hi tech Industrial Development Zone, Guangdong, Zhongshan, -1

Patentee before: Tongyu Communication Apparatus Co., Ltd., Zhongshan

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: GUANGDONG TONGYU COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME: TONGYU COMMUNICATION APPARATUS CO., LTD., ZHONGSHAN

Owner name: GUANGDONG TONGYU COMMUNICATION INC.

Free format text: FORMER NAME: GUANGDONG TONGYU COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20061206