CN2844300Y - 新型木地板的企口结构 - Google Patents

新型木地板的企口结构 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2844300Y
CN2844300Y CN 200520133494 CN200520133494U CN2844300Y CN 2844300 Y CN2844300 Y CN 2844300Y CN 200520133494 CN200520133494 CN 200520133494 CN 200520133494 U CN200520133494 U CN 200520133494U CN 2844300 Y CN2844300 Y CN 2844300Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floor
tongue
groove
female
new
Prior art date
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CN 200520133494
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English (en)
Inventor
张维翔
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张维翔
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Priority to CN 200520133494 priority Critical patent/CN2844300Y/zh
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Publication of CN2844300Y publication Critical patent/CN2844300Y/zh

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/025Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with tongue and grooves alternating transversally in the direction of the thickness of the panel, e.g. multiple tongue and grooves oriented parallel to each other
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/028Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections connected by tongues and grooves with triangular shape
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/04Other details of tongues or grooves
    • E04F2201/041Tongues or grooves with slits or cuts for expansion or flexibility

Abstract

本实用新型是一种新型木地板的企口结构,涉及木地板的企口构造。其特征在于:阴—阳榫的垂直结合面上设有互为咬合的凹槽—凸起,凹槽—凸起咬合扣的断面形状如同啮合齿轮互为交错的齿槽—齿牙;齿牙的断面为梯形。按上述方案实施的木地板,由于在互为咬合的阴—阳榫两侧的垂直结合面开设了啮合齿轮状的齿牙,形成了相互交错的咬合,不仅增强了地板垂直作用力的承受能力,而且较显著的提高了地板的对接效果。本实用新型设计的企口,对地板在垂直方向的加工及其铺装精度以及防止地板整体板面的变形等方面,均有积极的和有益的作用。

Description

新型木地板的企口结构

技术领域

本实用新型涉及木地板的企口构造,尤其是关于一种木地板的新型企口。

背景技术

强化木地板是近年发展起来的一种新型建材,相对实木地板而言,因其具有价廉物美、坚固耐用、铺装工艺简单、施工费用低以及可拆卸的特点,而受到关注和展现出广阔的使用前景。由于强化地板是依靠其周边所设的企口结构实现板块与板块之间的对接,并且是直接铺装于地面而不设龙骨架。故,该板企口断面的形状、结构对地板的对接和铺装质量有重要的作用意义。所谓地板的企口是由阴榫和阳榫构成,而且阴榫与阳榫的断面形状必须是互为对应咬合的,也即是阳榫可顺利的插入阴榫内实现对接。现已知使用的几种企口构造,如直接插入式的平口榫,其特点是榫口结构简单,且地板的对接处易脱离或开缝。还有一种由折线或曲线组成的异型榫,其阴—阳榫的上、下结合面虽设有防止对接地板脱开的咬合扣,但是,实际使用中发现,当地板受到较大作用力时,该地板的接缝处仍然会产生下陷或开裂现象。

实用新型内容本实用新型的目的,是为克服上述现有木地板企口构造存在的缺陷,提出一种木地板的新型企口。本实用新型提供的一种新型木地板的企口结构,包括地板块及其边侧的榫形企口,其特征在于:阴—阳榫的垂直结合面上设有互为咬合的凹槽—凸起,凹槽—凸起咬合扣的断面形状是互为交错的齿槽—齿牙,齿槽—齿牙的断面为梯形;阴—阳榫的上结合面设有一个以上互为咬合的凹槽—凸起,凹槽—凸起的断面是圆弧形;上结合面设有两个圆弧形的凹槽—凸起。

按上述方案实施的木地板,由于在互为咬合的阴—阳榫两侧的垂直结合面开设了啮合齿轮状的齿牙,形成了相互交错的咬合,不仅增强了地板垂直作用力的承受能力,而且较显著的提高了地板的对接效果。其次,因本实用新型设计的企口对地板的板面面积是一种无缺损剪裁,故,相对于有缺损的板面剪裁提高了木材的利用率。另外,还由于本方案设计的企口,在铺装地板时,为无工具的手工直推式装配,相对简化了铺装工艺和节约了工时。除上述之外,本实用新型对地板在垂直方向的加工及其铺装精度、以及防止地板接缝的开裂和板面的变形等方面,皆有积极的和有益的作用。

附图说明

图1为本实用新型一种实施例及其对接断面的结构示意图;图2为图1实施例装配的断面示意图。

具体实施方式

结合附图就本实施例作进一步具体说明。地板块1的两边侧分别制有阳榫11和阴榫10,阳榫11垂直侧面的适宜部位制有其断面为梯形的齿牙111,以及位于齿牙111两侧断面为梯形的凹(齿)槽110;地板块另一侧的阴榫10的垂直侧面对应制有可与梯形齿牙111咬合的梯形凹(齿)槽100,以及与位于其两侧的梯形凹(齿)槽110咬合的两个梯形齿牙101。为保证地板对接的更为牢靠和严密,在阳榫11和阴榫10的上结合面分别制有两个圆弧形的凸起112、113和凹槽102、103,112与102、113与103分别匹配咬合。当地板对接时,如附图2所示的断面图,当地板1的阳榫11向着地板的阴榫10插入时,阳榫11垂直侧面的齿条111和位于其两侧的凹槽110与阴榫10垂直侧面的凹(齿)槽100和位于其两侧的齿牙101互为交错咬合,类似于齿轮与齿条的啮合状态,这种互为交错咬合的齿形企口,不仅增加了阴—阳榫垂直结合面的面积,更为重要的是增加了其水平方向的结合面积,因而显著地增强了承受对地板垂直作用力的能力,同时,也由于咬合面积的增大,使得地板接缝的粘接更为牢靠和严密,本实用新型结构的企口对防止板体的开裂具有积极的作用和效果。

Claims (6)

1.一种新型木地板企口结构,包括地板块及其边侧的榫形企口,其特征在于:阴—阳榫的垂直结合面上设有互为咬合的凹槽—凸起。
2.按权利要求1所述的新型木地板企口结构,其特征在于:凹槽—凸起咬合扣的断面形状是互为交错的齿槽—齿牙。
3.按权利要求2所述的新型木地板企口结构,其特征在于:齿槽—齿牙的断面为梯形。
4.按权利要求1所述的新型木地板企口结构,其特征在于:阴—阳榫的上结合面设有一个以上互为咬合的凹槽—凸起。
5.按权利要求4所述的新型木地板企口结构,其特征在于:凹槽—凸起的断面是圆弧形。
6.按权利要求4或5所述的新型木地板企口结构,其特征在于:上结合面设有两个圆弧形的凹槽—凸起。
CN 200520133494 2005-11-24 2005-11-24 新型木地板的企口结构 CN2844300Y (zh)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520133494 CN2844300Y (zh) 2005-11-24 2005-11-24 新型木地板的企口结构

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520133494 CN2844300Y (zh) 2005-11-24 2005-11-24 新型木地板的企口结构
PCT/CN2005/002011 WO2007059654A1 (fr) 2005-11-24 2005-11-25 Nouvelle structure d'assemblage a feuillure destinee a du plancher
US11/481,426 US20070113509A1 (en) 2005-11-24 2006-07-06 Interlocking structure for floor panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2844300Y true CN2844300Y (zh) 2006-12-06

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CN (1) CN2844300Y (zh)
WO (1) WO2007059654A1 (zh)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE1010487A6 (nl) * 1996-06-11 1998-10-06 Unilin Beheer Bv Vloerbekleding bestaande uit harde vloerpanelen en werkwijze voor het vervaardigen van dergelijke vloerpanelen.
US7818939B2 (en) * 2007-06-05 2010-10-26 Irvin Bearinger Snap lock joint
CA2639813A1 (en) * 2007-10-05 2009-04-05 J.O. Noel Houle Et Fils Inc. Moulding assembly
US7644556B2 (en) * 2007-11-15 2010-01-12 Correct Building Products, L.L.C. Planking system and method
US20100269443A1 (en) * 2009-04-23 2010-10-28 Ziming Shen Tongue-in-groove floor and wall panels using multiple bonded sheet construction
US20110277406A1 (en) * 2010-05-13 2011-11-17 Wei-Tun Kang Pressure sensitive adhering floor panel

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US714987A (en) * 1902-02-17 1902-12-02 Martin Wilford Wolfe Interlocking board.
FR2785633B1 (fr) * 1998-11-09 2001-02-09 Valerie Roy Panneau de recouvrement pour parquet, lambris ou analogue
SE515789C2 (sv) * 1999-02-10 2001-10-08 Perstorp Flooring Ab Golvbeläggningsmaterial innefattande golvelement vilka är avsedda att sammanfogas vertikalt
AT277246T (de) * 1999-06-30 2004-10-15 Akzenta Paneele & Profile Gmbh Paneel sowie befestigungssystem für paneele
DE10013684A1 (de) * 2000-03-21 2001-10-04 Kunnemeyer Hornitex Verbindungssystem für Platten
DE10031639C2 (de) * 2000-06-29 2002-08-14 Hw Ind Gmbh & Co Kg Fussbodenplatte
US6769218B2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US6851241B2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
CN2462017Y (zh) * 2001-02-09 2001-11-28 杨福 企口自锁木地板

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WO2007059654A1 (fr) 2007-05-31
US20070113509A1 (en) 2007-05-24

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