CN2828644Y - Hot-water boiler burning by water-gas reacted gas - Google Patents

Hot-water boiler burning by water-gas reacted gas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2828644Y
CN2828644Y CN 200520026933 CN200520026933U CN2828644Y CN 2828644 Y CN2828644 Y CN 2828644Y CN 200520026933 CN200520026933 CN 200520026933 CN 200520026933 U CN200520026933 U CN 200520026933U CN 2828644 Y CN2828644 Y CN 2828644Y
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China
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water
gas
utility
coal
model
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200520026933
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Chinese (zh)
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付满荣
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付满荣
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Priority to CN 200520026933 priority Critical patent/CN2828644Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a hot-water boiler burning water gas which is composed of a water gas boiler body and a burning boiler body, wherein the coal gas boiler body comprises an outer casing, an upper water jacket, a lower water jacket, a water trough, an upper blower and a lower blower, and the burning boiler body comprises a cylindrical heating and heat supply hot water jacket, wherein the interior of which is provided with a burning cavity body and the top of which is provided with a hot water supply pipeline communicated with a heat supply system. The hot-water boiler burning water gas provided by the utility model directly heats the circulating water in the heating and heat supply hot water jacket by utilizing the heat quantity generated by the combustion of inflammable mixed gas in the air, which is generated by the reaction of the steam and the coal. Owing to strong and centralized flame generated during the combustion of the inflammable mixed gas, the temperature rise time of the water is short, besides, the thermal efficiency is raised by nearly 10 times than the thermal efficiency generated by single coal combustion. Therefore, the utility model can reduce cost and save energy. In addition, the utility model can ensure that the coal is all converted into the combustible gas, and as a result, no fume is discharged. The utility model has little waste slag discharge amount. Besides, the water and the coal gas react under ordinary pressure, therefore the utility model ensures safety and environment protection.

Description

Water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, particularly relates to a kind of water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor.
Background technology
Boiler is the machinery setting that a kind of heat energy that utilizes fuel or other thermal source is heated as water hot water or steam.Wherein provide the boiler of hot water to be called hot-water boiler, be mainly used in life and use.Hot-water boiler commonly used at present all is that the heat that sends when utilizing coal completing combustion comes the interior recirculated water of direct heating water jacket.But there is following point in this traditional hot-water boiler: can produce a large amount of smog when coal completing combustion, this smog need be discharged in the atmosphere usually, owing to contain in the smog human body and the harmful carbon monoxide of environment, thereby do not utilize environmental protection.In addition, the thermal efficiency of this hot-water boiler is lower usually, thereby not only wastes energy, but also can produce a large amount of waste residues, and it equally also can cause severe contamination to environment, and can increase production cost.
Summary of the invention
In order to address the above problem, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of safety non-pollution, quantity of heat production height, the little and Remarkable Energy Saving water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor of waste sludge discharge amount.
In order to achieve the above object, the water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor that provides of the utility model is made up of the water-gas body of heater and the burner block that are connected with each other by gas pipeline and connecting pipe; Wherein, described water-gas body of heater comprises the cylindrical housing that forms external structure; Be installed in the top of shell, the centre is formed with the annular upper portion water jacket in the hole of coalingging; Be arranged on the bell at the top, hole of coalingging; Be arranged on the inner peripheral wall of shell, the centre is formed with the burner hearth that can place coal, and a side is provided with water return pipeline and slag-drip opening, and opposite side then is provided with the annular lower portion water jacket of the circulating water pipeline that is connected with the top water jacket; Be installed in the fire grate of burner hearth bottom; Be installed in the bottom of shell, a side is provided with the feed water inlet, and opposite side is equipped with the tank of bottom steam line; The bottom air blast that joins with the bottom steam line other end; With the circumferential wall that runs through shell upper, an end links to each other with the top air blast, the top steam line that the other end then joins with gas pipeline middle part; Described burner block comprises that inside is formed with a side and is provided with the burning cavity that the gas pipeline that is connected with shell upper and fire hole and top are provided with discharge duct, and the top then is provided with the hot water supply pipe's who is connected with heating system cylindrical shape heating water jacket.
Water temperature in the water jacket of described bottom is 80~90 ℃.
The coal consumption of described water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor is per hour 25 kilograms, 1 ton water can be heated to 100 ℃ from 0 ℃.
The water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor that the utility model provides is to utilize water vapour and coal to react the recirculated water that the heat that sends when the back inflammable mixture of gas that produces burns comes direct heating water jacket inside in air, because the flame that produces during the inflammable mixture of gas burning is violent and concentrated, thereby the heating-up time of water is short, and improve nearly 10 times than the thermal efficiency of simple coal combustion, therefore can reduce cost and save the energy.In addition, this device can make coal all convert fuel gas to, thereby does not discharge smog, and the waste sludge discharge amount is few, and the reaction of water and coal gas is to carry out under normal pressure, so safety and environmental protection.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor that the utility model provides is elaborated.
The water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor structural representation that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model.
The water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor structure vertical view that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1~shown in Figure 2, the water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor that the utility model provides is made up of water-gas body of heater 1 that is connected with each other by gas pipeline 3 and connecting pipe 4 and burner block 2; Wherein, described water-gas body of heater 1 comprises the cylindrical housing 5 that forms external structure; Be installed in the top of shell 5, the centre is formed with the annular upper portion water jacket 7 in the hole 6 of coalingging; Be arranged on the bell 8 at 6 tops, hole of coalingging; Be arranged on the inner peripheral wall of shell 5, the centre is formed with burner hearth 9, one sides that can place coal and is provided with water return pipeline 10 and slag-drip opening 11, and opposite side then is provided with the annular lower portion water jacket 13 of the circulating water pipeline 12 that is connected with top water jacket 7; Be installed in the fire grate 14 of burner hearth 9 bottoms; Be installed in the bottom of shell 5, a side is provided with feed water inlet 15, and opposite side is equipped with the tank 17 of bottom steam line 16; The bottom air blast 18 that joins with bottom steam line 16 other ends; With the circumferential wall that runs through shell 5 tops, an end links to each other with top air blast 19, the top steam line 25 that the other end then joins with gas pipeline 3 middle parts; Described burner block 2 comprises that inside is formed with a side and is provided with the burning cavity 20 that the gas pipeline 3 that is connected with shell 5 tops and fire hole 21 and top are provided with discharge duct 22, and the top then is provided with the hot water supply pipe's 23 who is connected with heating system cylindrical shape heating water jacket 24.Water temperature in the described bottom water jacket 13 is 80~90 ℃, and the coal consumption of water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor is per hour 25 kilograms, 1 ton water can be heated to 100 ℃ from 0 ℃.。When the water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor that provides when the utility model brings into operation, at first will comprise in the systemic circulation pipeline of bottom water jacket 13, top water jacket 7 and heating water jacket 24 and inject the water of sufficient amount in the tank 17, from the hole 6 of coalingging, coal is put on the fire grate 14 of burner hearth 9 inside simultaneously and lighted, treat to open when coal reaches uniform temperature bottom air blast 18, thereby extraneous air is offered the water of tank 17 inside by bottom steam line 16, make water form vaporific and upwards spray, thereby contact with the fire coal of burner hearth 9 inside from the bottom of fire grate 14.In this process, to flash to water vapour rapidly under the heat effect that water produces when coal combustion, simultaneously with coal in carbon atom react and generate the inflammable mixture of gas of forming by carbon monoxide and hydrogen, this inflammable mixture of gas will upwards flow into gas pipeline 3.Meanwhile, open top air blast 19 so that extraneous air is offered gas pipeline 3 by top steam line 25.To in gas pipeline 3, mix from the inflammable mixture of gas of water-gas body of heater 1 with from the extraneous air of top steam line 25, and lighted by fire hole 21 and to be produced flame, this flame will directly spray to the inner burning cavitys 20 that form of burner block 2, thereby the water in the heating water jacket 24 that is looped around burning cavity 20 outsides is heated and it is rapidly heated.The hot water that becomes higher temperature through heating will offer heating installation in the heating system by hot water supply pipe 23, and in heating installation, become warm water by heat exchange with room air, flow in the bottom water jacket 13 by water return pipeline 10 then, thereby burner hearth 9 is lowered the temperature so that coal remains under the non-flame fired state.The recirculated water that has absorbed coal-fired heat and temperature is risen flows between bottom water jacket 13 and top water jacket 7 by circulating water pipeline 12 on the one hand, flow into heating water jackets 24 by connecting pipe 4 on the other hand, so repeatedly circulation and the interior space is remained under the suitable temperature.Directly heat the interior recirculated water of heating water jacket 24 because the water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor that provides of the utility model is the flame that produces when utilizing the inflammable mixture of gas burning of being made up of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, thereby the heating-up time is short and speed is fast.In addition, earlier carry out preheating from the water of the lower temperature of system flow backwater gas-fired hot-water boiler through bottom water jacket 13 and top water jacket 7, and then flow into heating water jacket 24 and heat, can either utilize the water of lower temperature to reduce the temperature of burner hearth 9 like this, and can make the water temperature that enters heating water jacket 24 higher, thereby heat time heating time can be shortened.In addition, because the coal in the burner hearth 9 remains under the non-flame fired state, and its inflammable mixture of gas that generates with steam reaction can all burn into flame, thereby whole device does not have fume emission, and coal per ton only produces 5~8 kilograms waste residue, so can not pollute environment.In addition, this device is to operate under normal pressure, thereby security is good.

Claims (1)

1, a kind of water-gas combustion heat homogeneous solution-type reactor is characterized in that: described water-gas burning boiler is made up of water-gas body of heater (1) that is connected with each other by gas pipeline (3) and connecting pipe (4) and burner block (2); Wherein, described water-gas body of heater (1) comprises the cylindrical housing (5) that forms external structure; Be installed in the top of shell (5), the centre is formed with the annular upper portion water jacket (7) in the hole of coalingging (6); Be arranged on the bell (8) at top, the hole of coalingging (6); Be arranged on the inner peripheral wall of shell (5), the centre is formed with the burner hearth (9) that can place coal, one side is provided with water return pipeline (10) and slag-drip opening (11), and opposite side then is provided with the annular lower portion water jacket (13) of the circulating water pipeline (12) that is connected with top water jacket (7); Be installed in the fire grate (14) of burner hearth (9) bottom; Be installed in the bottom of shell (5), a side is provided with feed water inlet (15), and opposite side is equipped with the tank (17) of bottom steam line (16); The bottom air blast (18) that joins with bottom steam line (16) other end; With the circumferential wall that runs through shell (5) top, an end links to each other with top air blast (19), the top steam line (25) that the other end then joins with gas pipeline (3) middle part; Described burner block (2) comprises that inside is formed with a side and is provided with the burning cavity (20) that the gas pipeline (3) that is connected with shell (5) top and fire hole (21) and top are provided with discharge duct (22), and the top then is provided with the hot water supply pipe's (23) who is connected with heating system cylindrical shape heating water jacket (24).
CN 200520026933 2005-08-08 2005-08-08 Hot-water boiler burning by water-gas reacted gas Expired - Fee Related CN2828644Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520026933 CN2828644Y (en) 2005-08-08 2005-08-08 Hot-water boiler burning by water-gas reacted gas

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520026933 CN2828644Y (en) 2005-08-08 2005-08-08 Hot-water boiler burning by water-gas reacted gas

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2828644Y true CN2828644Y (en) 2006-10-18

Family

ID=37080200

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200520026933 Expired - Fee Related CN2828644Y (en) 2005-08-08 2005-08-08 Hot-water boiler burning by water-gas reacted gas

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2828644Y (en)

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