CN2796160Y - Overvoltage protective earthing device for insulation conductor deep leading into earth - Google Patents

Overvoltage protective earthing device for insulation conductor deep leading into earth Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2796160Y
CN2796160Y CN 200520049837 CN200520049837U CN2796160Y CN 2796160 Y CN2796160 Y CN 2796160Y CN 200520049837 CN200520049837 CN 200520049837 CN 200520049837 U CN200520049837 U CN 200520049837U CN 2796160 Y CN2796160 Y CN 2796160Y
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China
Prior art keywords
earth
ground
overvoltage protection
electrode
earth electrode
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200520049837
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Chinese (zh)
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肖明训
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肖明训
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Priority to CN 200520049837 priority Critical patent/CN2796160Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an overvoltage protective earthing device led into the earth by an insulated conducting wire. The utility model is used for preventing the electric discharge of the overvoltage to the earth, which results in the counterattack destruction to electrical devices caused by earth surface electric potential raising and the hazard of the contact potential and the step potential to the human body. The utility model is not provided with a horizontal earth network and a voltage equalizing network, is not connected with steel bars of buildings and other metal pieces, and only carries out earthing to a device which easily generates electric discharge to the earth. The utility model is mainly composed of an earth wire and an earth electrode which are led downwards, wherein the earth wire is insulated with the earth and the buildings, the earth wire is in electrical contact with the soil by the earth electrode, the upper end of the earth wire is electrically connected with an earth point of an earthed device, the lower end of the earth wire is electrically connected with the earth electrode, the earth wire is led into underground with a vertical depth of three meters away from the earth surface, and the earth electrode is positioned under the earth wire. The earth electrode can be made into various shapes, and the earth electrode comprises a solid structure and a hollow structure. When the hollow structure is adopted, the hollow part is externally provided with a plurality of through holes, and material which can release electric conducting ions is arranged in the through holes.

Description

A kind of overvoltage protection earthing device of introducing ground with insulated conductor deeply
Affiliated technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of overvoltage protection earthing device; in overvoltage protection ground connection; it is mainly used in and prevents from because ground potential raises electric equipment to be caused the harm to human body of counterattack destruction and contact potential and step voltage when the generation overvoltage is discharged over the ground.
Background technology
At present; known and overvoltage protection earthing device that be widely adopted mainly is to adopt bare conductor as earth electrode; lay horizontal grounding net and equalizing lattice in 0.6~0.8 meter depths of subsurface according to certain mode large tracts of land; and, carry out electric connection with horizontal grounding net and equalizing lattice with the reinforcing bar of the metal shell of lightning rod or lighting proof strip, the neutral point of electric equipment, various permanent plants and base, various hardware and building and metallic conduit etc.Its principle is by reducing the earth resistance of earth electrode and soil, prevent that the ground potential that earth current causes when flowing through earth resistance from raising, thereby preventing counterattack voltage damages electric equipment, with be connected the electric potential gradient that reduces ground by equipotential, to avoid contact potential and step voltage human body is produced harm.This traditional earthing device need expend a large amount of metal materials and manpower and materials, and when the resistivity of soil is very high, even expend more metal material and manpower and materials, often still is difficult to reach the effect that needs, and loses more than gain.Up to now, the whole world has at least expended thousands of hundred million tons metal material for this reason and has been difficult the manpower and materials of number meter, and also having other material consumption as resistance reducing agent and so on also is not know its number.Owing to the metal material of imbedding in the ground is corroded in time, cause long earthing device of many times not reach the requirement of protection, have to lay again again, so repeatedly, be that the labor people hinder material again.If continue to adopt this traditional overvoltage protection earthing device, the whole world also will expend how many metal materials and manpower and materials for this reason, and it probably is imponderable not having astronomical figure.In addition because the connection of the equipotential of traditional overvoltage protection earthing device; overvoltage whole ground network and equalizing lattice have been diffused at the formed local high potential of point of discharge; the result makes the place that the overvoltage discharge does not take place high earth potential also occur; causing taking place counterattack voltage damages with contact potential and the step voltage scope to human body harm electric equipment and has been enlarged widely; this situation is serious especially for the influence of the condition of work of low-voltage equipment and insulation; take other measure to protect with having to want generality; original better simply thing is become to become increasingly complex; and taken the effect that lot of manpower and material resources also might not obtain, really be arduous but fruitless.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency that above-mentioned traditional overvoltage protection earthing device exists; the utility model provides a kind of overvoltage protection earthing device; this device has natural electroconductive magnetic and natural electromagnetic resistivity according to soil; and superpotential electromagnetic energy is the center with point of release (earth electrode) in soil; become the radial characteristics of propagating diffusion towards periphery of sphere; the electromagnetic energy that is delivered on the equipment ground parts when overvoltage is discharged over the ground all is incorporated into deep under ground; strengthen the distance of ground each point to the point of release (earth electrode) of electromagnetic energy in soil of overvoltage; thereby reduce electromagnetic energy through conducting and respond to the electromagnetic energy density of the soil carrier unit volume that is included into when diffusion arrives ground; with strengthen electromagnetic energy is transmitted to the ground each point from point of release (earth electrode) path impedance; to increase soil absorbs generation to the consumption of electromagnetic energy attenuation; make conduction and induction be diffused into the electromagnetic energy of ground each point; and then compared with point of release (earth electrode) with electric potential gradient by the ground potential level that its produces and to be able to great reduction, thereby the ground potential that also just can not take place to cause therefrom rising counterattack destruction that electric equipment is caused and contact potential and step voltage are to the harm of human body.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: this earthing device is not established horizontal grounding net and equalizing lattice, all devices is not all carried out ground connection, also the reinforcing bar of building is not carried out equipotential with other metal parts and be connected, carry out ground connection and only the equipment that overvoltage discharges is over the ground taken place easily for the high-pressure side of lightning rod, lighting proof strip, lightning arrester, high-tension cable external connection end, reactor and transformer etc.Earthing device mainly by under draw earth connection and earth electrode constitutes, drawing earth connection down insulate with ground and building, ground connection is bare conductor very, under draw earth connection and only electrically contact by earth electrode and soil, the upper end of drawing earth connection down is electrically connected with the earth point that the equipment that overvoltage discharges over the ground takes place easily, the lower end is electrically connected with earth electrode by connector, draws the underground vertical depth overhead of earth connection introducing down and is at least 3 meters, and earth electrode is positioned at below the earth connection.The big more and geological conditions of electric pressure floor space high more or power distribution equipment allows and constructs when easy in principle, draw down earth connection introduce underground vertical depth overhead should be dark more, generally should get 5~8 meters.If restriction or the too big reason of difficulty of construction owing to geological conditions, make down when the degree of depth does not reach overhead following 3 meters with drawing vertically going into of earth connection, can with under draw earth connection and outside subsurface is below 0.6 meter, draw, introduce underground vertical depth overhead and be at least 3 meters place earth electrode is set to satisfying earth connection, or the ground surface above earth electrode lay with ground connection very central diameter be not less than 3 meters insulating barrier.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: because it does not need to lay horizontal grounding net and equalizing lattice, also the reinforcing bar of building not being carried out equipotential with other metal parts is connected, and the quantity that has reduced grounding apparatus, so its required metal material that expends and manpower and materials have only the tens of to hundreds of and even thousands of/one of traditional overvoltage protection earthing device; Its earthing mode of overvoltage being introduced deeply ground can be reliably be reduced to counterattack voltage and contact potential and step voltage in the scope to equipment and human body safety; The diffusion of high potential when simultaneously it has also avoided overvoltage to discharge has over the ground been dwindled widely than traditional overvoltage protection earthing device and have been occurred the dangerous counterattack voltage and the scope of contact potential and step voltage when overvoltage is discharged over the ground.
Draw earth connection under of the present utility model and both can adopt cable, also can adopt insulating material that conductor is wrapped up and form, and protect with insulating sleeve.When being used for the lightning protection of building, it is 5 meters modes that also can adopt bare conductor to support with insulating part with top overhead.
Connector of the present utility model and earth electrode adopt has satisfactory electrical conductivity and corrosion-resistant material is made, and the shape of earth electrode comprises sphere, hemisphere, taper shape, cylindrical, polyhedron shape, aciculiform and combined shaped thereof; The structure of different shape earth electrode comprises solid in hollow; When adopting hollow-core construction, externally offer some through holes at hollow parts, in hollow, can adorn the expanding material and the material that can discharge conductive ion of people's conduction, with closeness of contact that increases earth electrode and soil and the shunting diffusivity that strengthens the following soil of earth electrode.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is structure of the present utility model and combination schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the scheme of installation of first embodiment of the present utility model.
Among Fig. 1 1.. draw down the conductor of earth connection;. parcel draws the insulating barrier of earth connection conductor down, 3.. earth electrode, 4.. draw the connector of earth connection and earth electrode down; 5.. protective casing; 6.. insulating barrier and protective casing upper port seal, 7.. device clamp, 8.. connecting bolt; 9.. be grounded the earth terminal of equipment; 10.. ground hole, (11). resistance reducing agent, (12). pitch.
Among Fig. 2 1.. draw down the conductor of earth connection, 3.. earth electrode, 4.. draw the connector of earth connection and earth electrode down; 5.. protective casing, 6.. insulating barrier and protective casing upper port seal, 7.. device clamp; 8.. connecting bolt, 10.. and ground hole, (11). resistance reducing agent; (12). pitch, (13). building, (14). the top lighting proof strip; (15). insulated support; (16). waist lighting proof strip, (17). draw the earth connection connector under waist lighting proof strip and the top lighting proof strip, (18). the building foundation.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1; 2. 1. the conductor that the cable of getting the engineering Len req maybe will draw earth connection down wrap up with insulating material; put protective casing 5.; respectively reserve a joint bare conductor 1. at the two ends of drawing earth connection down; 3. 1. 4. connector reached earth electrode with the conductor of earth connection lower end reliably is connected; 6. 2. insulating barrier carry out shutoff with protective casing upper port 5. with seal, device clamp 7. with down draw earth connection conductor upper end 1. and be electrically connected reliably.Make a call on the ground that is grounded appropriate location, plant bottom case next door a vertical depth be at least 3 meters add earth electrode 3. length, diameter greater than earth electrode 3. diameter ground hole 10., an amount of resistance reducing agent (11) slurry is poured into ground hole bottom 10., 3. earth electrode is imbedded in the ground afterwards electrically contacted closely with soil conservation.With the earth electrode of earthing device 3. an end imbed ground hole bottom 10., with the material of pitch (12) or other insulation or high resistivity earthing device and the ground hole gap between is 10. tamped, 8. 9. 7. device clamp be electrically connected with bolt reliably with the earth terminal that is grounded equipment.
In first embodiment shown in Figure 2, to be located at the lightning rod at building (13) top or all current-carrying parts of lighting proof strip (14) and waist lighting proof strip (16) and building and carry out isolated insulation with insulated support (15), be at least 3 meters and add 3. length of earth electrode making a call to a vertical depth greater than the ground of 1 meter position from the edge, basis (18) of building (13), diameter greater than earth electrode 3. diameter ground hole 10., an amount of resistance reducing agent (11) slurry is poured into ground hole bottom 10., electrically contact closely with soil conservation after making earth electrode 3. imbed in the ground, with the earth electrode of earthing device 3. an end imbed ground hole bottom 10., with the material of pitch (12) or other insulation or high resistivity earthing device and the ground hole gap between is 10. tamped, earth connection is applied to the metope of building (13) along subsurface below 0.6 meter, and along draw on the metope be located at building (13) on lightning rod or lighting proof strip (14) and (16) 7. do reliable the electrical connection by device clamp.

Claims (5)

  1. One kind with insulated conductor introduce deeply ground the overvoltage protection earthing device, it comprises that mainly its upper end of at least one reliably is electrically connected with the overvoltage protection grounded part of equipment, the lower end comprises by connector and following earth connection and the earth electrode of at least one of drawing that the earth electrode of at least one reliably is electrically connected, and it is characterized in that: described descend to draw earth connection from the overvoltage protection ground connection of equipment light to the vertical depth of below ground be insulated conductor at least 3 meters; Ground connection is bare conductor very, it be embedded in its upper end overhead underground the and soil conservation of at least 3 meters of vertical depths electrically contact, and reliably be electrically connected with the earth connection lower end.
  2. 2. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly introduce the overvoltage protection earthing device on ground deeply with insulated conductor, it is characterized in that: described insulated conductor section of drawing down earth connection comprises the employing cable, or adopts insulating material that plain conductor is wrapped up to form.
  3. 3. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly introduce the overvoltage protection earthing device on ground deeply with insulated conductor, it is characterized in that: described earth electrode comprises sphere, hemisphere, taper shape, cylindrical, polyhedron shape, aciculiform and combined shaped thereof.
  4. 4. according to claim 1ly a kind ofly introduce the overvoltage protection earthing device on ground deeply with insulated conductor, it is characterized in that: its structure of the different shape of described earth electrode comprises solid in hollow.
  5. 5. a kind of overvoltage protection earthing device of introducing ground with insulated conductor deeply according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described ground connection is very during hollow-core construction; also comprise some through holes that hollow parts is externally offered, and in hollow, install the material that discharges conductive ion.
CN 200520049837 2005-04-21 2005-04-21 Overvoltage protective earthing device for insulation conductor deep leading into earth Expired - Fee Related CN2796160Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520049837 CN2796160Y (en) 2005-04-21 2005-04-21 Overvoltage protective earthing device for insulation conductor deep leading into earth

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520049837 CN2796160Y (en) 2005-04-21 2005-04-21 Overvoltage protective earthing device for insulation conductor deep leading into earth

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2796160Y true CN2796160Y (en) 2006-07-12

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200520049837 Expired - Fee Related CN2796160Y (en) 2005-04-21 2005-04-21 Overvoltage protective earthing device for insulation conductor deep leading into earth

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2796160Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102315521A (en) * 2010-07-06 2012-01-11 中国石油天然气集团公司 Pipeline station instrument equipment grounding device
CN102324716A (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-01-18 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Device for reducing step voltage of neutral point grounding electrode

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102315521A (en) * 2010-07-06 2012-01-11 中国石油天然气集团公司 Pipeline station instrument equipment grounding device
CN102315521B (en) * 2010-07-06 2013-09-04 中国石油天然气集团公司 Pipeline station instrument equipment grounding device
CN102324716A (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-01-18 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Device for reducing step voltage of neutral point grounding electrode
CN102324716B (en) * 2011-09-22 2013-08-07 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Device for reducing step voltage of neutral point grounding electrode

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20060712

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