CN2781738Y - Sucking type cotton breeding seeder - Google Patents

Sucking type cotton breeding seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2781738Y
CN2781738Y CN 200520069750 CN200520069750U CN2781738Y CN 2781738 Y CN2781738 Y CN 2781738Y CN 200520069750 CN200520069750 CN 200520069750 CN 200520069750 U CN200520069750 U CN 200520069750U CN 2781738 Y CN2781738 Y CN 2781738Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
plate
hole
suction
cotton
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200520069750
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闵启超
涂安富
吴崇友
刘建
金诚谦
卢晏
肖体琼
张文毅
Original Assignee
农业部南京农业机械化研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 filed Critical 农业部南京农业机械化研究所
Priority to CN 200520069750 priority Critical patent/CN2781738Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2781738Y publication Critical patent/CN2781738Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sucking type cotton breeding seeder which comprises a seeding component connected with a negative pressure source, a machine frame for placing a socket dish for raising seedling and supporting the seeding component, and a socket dish locating element arranged on the machine frame. A seed sucking component is composed of a casing, a seed sucking plate, a seed storing slot and an air valve, wherein the seed sucking plate is provided with seed sucking holes which are one-to-one corresponding to the cavities of the socket dish; the seed sucking plate is also provided with fossa eyelets which can accommodate cotton seeds, and the fossa eyelets are one-to-one corresponding to the seed sucking holes. During the seeding, the seeding component is manually controlled to make the surface of the seed sucking plate face upward firstly, and the seeds are put on the seed sucking plate and move back and forth; the seeds falling into the fossa l eyelets are sucked by the seed sucking holes, and then the surface of the seed sucking plate faces downward and the seed sucking plate is positioned above the socket dish for raising seedling; after the negative pressure is cut off, the seeds fall into the socket dish for raising seedling by means of self weights. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, good seeding accuracy, high efficiency, convenient manufacturing, and low price; the miss seeding rate of the utility model is less than 3%, the double seed rate is less than 2%, and the utility model can seed more than 200 dishes per hour.

Description

Air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of seeding machinery, and especially a kind of pneumatic seeder that carries out raising seedling of cotton in the dish of cave that is applicable to belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Application number is that 02110038.1 the Cultivation of Cotton Seedlings Without Soil and the disclosed raising seedling of cotton transplantation technique of application for a patent for invention of pot-free transplanting method thereof have obtained applying in large area in agricultural production, facts have proved, in the dish of cave, adopt soilless raising seedling substrates such as peat, vermiculite to cultivate cotton seedling replacement pot for growing seedlings and grow seedlings, can save production cost, be convenient to transplant, enhance productivity.But domestic also do not have the suitable seeding machinery of broadcasting the cotton kind in seedling culture hole plate at present, and low with by artificial seeding's production efficiency, labour intensity is big, and seeding accuracy is poor.
By the applicant development, the patent No. is 00261737.4 disclosed utility model patent grow seedlings of vegetable sower, is made up of sowing parts that connect negative pressure source etc., can accurately carry out the grow seedlings of vegetable sowing to the cave with seedling culture hole plate.But carry out raising seedling of cotton when sowing with these facility, because of cotton kind volume, quality are bigger, the seed that is held can leave suction hole and cause producing broadcast leakage after returning seed collision in storage kind of the groove with other.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is at above-mentioned existing in prior technology shortcoming, by architecture advances, to propose good, the simple in structure air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower of a kind of serviceability.
To achieve these goals, air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower of the present utility model, comprise the sowing parts that connect negative pressure source, place the frame of seedling culture hole plate and supporting sowing parts, rack-mounted cave dish locating element, inhale kind of parts by housing, inhale kind of a plate, storage kind of groove and air valve etc. and form, inhale and be shaped on kind of the plate and dish hole, cave suction hole one to one, its architecture advances is: described suction kind plate also is shaped on the indent hole that can hold the cotton kind, and described indent hole is corresponding one by one with suction hole.
According to the size of seed, the suction hole of above-mentioned suction kind plate and the span of indent hole diameter are respectively 1.2~1.5mm and 7~9mm, and the span of length is respectively 1~2mm and 3~5mm; Suction hole can coaxially be processed with indent hole.
Further improvement of the utility model is: above-mentioned suction kind plate is made up of corrosion resistant plate and plastic plate, is shaped on suction hole on corrosion resistant plate, is shaped on indent hole on plastic plate, and both are connected in applying.
Be understood that owing to be provided with the indent hole that can hold the cotton kind on suction kind of plate, the cotton kind falls into indent hole earlier and held, so just can reduce widely and the collision opportunity that returns the seed of storing kind of groove, so significantly reduce broadcast leakage; Because a nest eye only can fall into a seed, so can accomplish the sowing in a cave substantially; Inhaling kind of plate adopts the combining structure of corrosion resistant plate and plastic plate can simplify technology, saves manufacturing cost.Therefore, that air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower of the present utility model has is simple in structure, dependable performance, be convenient to make, advantages of cheap price, will promote Cultivation of Cotton Seedlings Without Soil technology faster development in case promote the use of, improve the income of plant cotton.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is a sowing parts enlarged drawing embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is that the A of Fig. 2 is to partial enlarged drawing.
Embodiment
Nonrestrictively in the accompanying drawing provide a kind of embodiment of the present utility model, the utility model will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment.
The air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower of present embodiment as can be seen from Fig. 1~3, mainly form by sowing parts 3, frame 1 and locating element 4, sowing parts 3 join with negative pressure source, and are connected with frame 1 by pivoted arm 2, and locating element 4 is installed on the table top of frame 1.Inhaling kind of parts 3 is made up of housing 7, suction kind of a plate 8, storage kind of a groove 10, nest eye plate 9 and air valve 5, inhale kind of the corrosion resistant plate manufacturing of plate 8 usefulness 1mm, be shaped on it with the cave and coil hole suction hole 11 one to one, suction hole 11 is that diameter is 1.4mm, and storage kind of groove 10 is planted a plate 8 with suction and made one; The PVC plastic plate that nest eye plate 9 usefulness 3mm are thick is made, be shaped on it and inhale kind of plate 8 suction holes 11 indent hole 12 one to one, the diameter of indent hole 12 is 8mm, inhaling kind of plate 8 is connected with 9 applyings of nest eye plate, air valve 5 is connected with the housing 7 of sowing parts 3, and its inlet, outlet communicates with sowing parts 3 and negative pressure source respectively.
When the air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower of present embodiment is worked, earlier pivoted arm 3 is placed the upright position, to sow parts 3 upsets upwards, cotton kind in storage this moment kind of the groove 10 flow into inhales on kind of the plate 8, in the time of will sowing parts 3 again and rock as dead axle, seed just can be tiled on the nest eye plate 9 and make move left and right, the part seed drops in the indent hole 12 and is held by suction hole 11, at this moment will sow parts 3 upsets downwards, the seed that is not held will flow in storage kind of the groove 10, then pivoted arm 2 is turned clockwise, make sowing parts 3 be in the top of seedling culture hole plate, the control lever of air valve 5 is pressed on the air valve baffle plate 6 that is connected with frame 1 and has cut off negative pressure source, so seed drops in the seedling culture hole plate by deadweight.
The advantage that the air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower of present embodiment has: the one, simple in structure, processing technology good, cost is low; The 2nd, the seeding accuracy height, leakage sowing rate is lower than 3%, and double seed rate is lower than 2%; The 3rd, production efficiency is higher, and per hour sowing can reach more than 200 dishes; The 4th, sowing processing ease, labour intensity is little.What therefore the utility model was applied has good prospects.
In addition to the implementation, the utility model can also have other embodiments, adopts the technical scheme that is equal to replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drops within the protection domain of the utility model requirement.

Claims (5)

1. air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower, comprise the sowing parts that connect negative pressure source, place the frame of seedling culture hole plate and supporting sowing parts, rack-mounted cave dish locating element, described suction kind parts are made up of housing, suction kind of a plate, storage kind of groove and air valve, be shaped on the described suction kind plate with the cave and coil hole suction hole one to one, it is characterized in that: described suction kind plate also is shaped on the indent hole that can hold the cotton kind, and described indent hole is corresponding one by one with suction hole.
2. according to the described air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton of claim 1 sower, it is characterized in that: described suction hole diameter is 1.2~1.5mm, and length is 1~2mm, and described indent hole diameter is 7~9mm, and the degree of depth is 3~5mm.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sowers, it is characterized in that: described suction hole is coaxial with indent hole.
4. air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton sower according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described suction kind plate is made up of corrosion resistant plate and plastic plate, is shaped on suction hole on the described corrosion resistant plate, is shaped on indent hole on the described plastic plate, and both are connected in applying.
5. according to the described air-sucking type raising seedling of cotton of claim 4 sower, it is characterized in that: described corrosion resistant plate thickness is 1~1.5mm, suction hole is that diameter is the through hole of 1.2~1.5mm, and described plastic plate thickness is 3~5mm, and indent hole is that diameter is the through hole of 7~9mm.
CN 200520069750 2005-03-11 2005-03-11 Sucking type cotton breeding seeder CN2781738Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520069750 CN2781738Y (en) 2005-03-11 2005-03-11 Sucking type cotton breeding seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520069750 CN2781738Y (en) 2005-03-11 2005-03-11 Sucking type cotton breeding seeder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2781738Y true CN2781738Y (en) 2006-05-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200520069750 CN2781738Y (en) 2005-03-11 2005-03-11 Sucking type cotton breeding seeder

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Country Link
CN (1) CN2781738Y (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141191A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-12 江苏大学 Air suction plate type seeder
CN103563521A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-12 江苏大学 Seed injecting and metering method of multi-air way air-suction plate-turning type seed-metering device
CN103597934A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 江苏大学 Multi-air-passage air-suction turning plate type seeding apparatus
CN105940831A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-21 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Seed sowing device with double-suction seed pan structures
CN105993315A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Seeding device
CN105993308A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Seeding device with dual seed adding boxes
CN105993310A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Rotary sowing device

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141191A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-12 江苏大学 Air suction plate type seeder
CN103141191B (en) * 2013-03-27 2015-05-27 江苏大学 Air suction plate type seeder
CN103597934A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 江苏大学 Multi-air-passage air-suction turning plate type seeding apparatus
CN103597934B (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-09-23 江苏大学 A kind of many air flues aspiration turnover plate type seeding unit
CN103563521A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-12 江苏大学 Seed injecting and metering method of multi-air way air-suction plate-turning type seed-metering device
CN103563521B (en) * 2013-11-21 2015-08-05 江苏大学 A kind of many air flues aspiration turnover plate type seeding unit fill seed feeding method
CN105940831A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-21 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Seed sowing device with double-suction seed pan structures
CN105993315A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Seeding device
CN105993308A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Seeding device with dual seed adding boxes
CN105993310A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 淮南市德飞机电设备制造有限公司 Rotary sowing device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20060524

Termination date: 20130311