CN2770315Y - Landscape type multi-step artificial wet-land slope protection system - Google Patents

Landscape type multi-step artificial wet-land slope protection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2770315Y
CN2770315Y CN 200420054677 CN200420054677U CN2770315Y CN 2770315 Y CN2770315 Y CN 2770315Y CN 200420054677 CN200420054677 CN 200420054677 CN 200420054677 U CN200420054677 U CN 200420054677U CN 2770315 Y CN2770315 Y CN 2770315Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
bank
river
plate
landscape type
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Application number
CN 200420054677
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王超
王沛芳
侯俊
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河海大学
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Priority to CN 200420054677 priority Critical patent/CN2770315Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2770315Y publication Critical patent/CN2770315Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a slope protection system for landscape type multi-step constructed wetland, which has the effects of interception and purification for pollutants entering river channels in the form of surface source. Non-fines concrete posts and plates are embedded and inserted to form post plate members, and a plurality of rows of slope protection systems which are distributed from a high level to a low level are formed on a bank slope of a river channel from the bank slope to a river bed; one side of the posts and the plates, which is close to the bank, is provided with a planting zone for plants, and fillers are arranged in the zone; one face of the plates, which is close to the bank, is provided with geotextile, when pollutants in the form of surface source flow across the river channel from a river bank, plants which are planted in the planting zone for plants can absorb the eutrophic constituents of polluted water; the surface of the fillers generates a biological film to adsorb and degrade the pollutants, and sewage which is processed through the treatment can sequentially infiltrate or overflow to enter a second row; then procedures can be carried out step by step, and finally, the sewage can flow into the river channel after obtaining purification in a larger degree. The utility model solves the defects of natural style, rigid type, and ecological type slope protections, and has the advantages of simple structure, easy commercial process, small construction quantity, land saving and beautiful landscapes.

Description

The landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of environment amity river course slope protection facility, particularly the pollutant that enters the river course with face source form is had the landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope system that holds back clean-up effect.
Background technology
Before the present utility model, existing river course slope protection technology has natural style bank protection, hard bank protection and environmental bank protection.
The natural style bank protection is exactly the plant that utilizes well developed root system, and it is planted on the ramp in river course, makes it solid native sand prevention, prevents erosion, and satisfies the ecotope needs, keeps the natural landscape effect, protects solid native purpose thereby reach.But this natural style bank protection mode exists the defective of poor stability, easily formed zanjon by rain drop erosion, long period of soaking under water or the river course flow velocity is excessive all can influence its stability, limited to the scavenging action of the pollutant that enters the river course with face source form, and floor space is big.
The hard bank protection typically refers to by the river to adopt on the ramp and grouts or structures such as placed rockfill, cast-in-place concrete, precast concrete block, especially mostly adopts the vertical type concrete retaining wall in the city river shore protection engineering.These structures are taken up an area of less, for the stability that keeps bank slope, prevent erosion and flood control safety all has certain effect, but also in varying degrees to the landscape environment of bank slope with ecologically produced bad influence: the reaction that hydration reaction, carbonization reaction and the various additive (as early strength agent, antifreeze, swelling agent etc.) of its material therefor (comprising the alkalization aggregate) take place in water has influenced the water body quality; It makes plant and microorganism be difficult in this existence procreation to the domatic closing form of taking in river course, heavy damage bio-diversity, cause the water body and the land deterioration of the ecological environment, the pollutant that enters the river course with face source form is difficult to remove, construction volume is bigger, and cost is higher.
The environmental bulkhead tech that generally adopts has multiple mode at present, as adopt geotechnological material aggregate species phytyl, wire netting and rubble aggregate species phytyl, the solid soil species phytyl of geotechnique's material, the vegetation type eco-concrete, cement ecospecies phytyl and soil-solidified-agent etc. are to the riverbank, side slope is carried out bank protection, to stablizing the bank slope structure better effects is arranged, and the bank slope view has been carried out certain improvement, but to go into the effect of river pollutant very limited to holding back the face source, and organic glued material cost is so high, construct then and there and construction volume also very big, promote the use of and be restricted.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model just is to overcome the defective separately of above-mentioned various river course slope protection technology, develops the good river course slope protection technology of a kind of comprehensive effect.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
The landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope system, comprise the plate that stands on the bank slope, the sheet pile member that stake constitutes, its plate is provided with plant planting district at the sheet pile member to a sloping side towards the riverbed setting, plant and filler are arranged, and the sheet pile member extremely hangs down several rows of setting from height on bank slope.
Its further technical scheme is:
The landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope system, the stake both sides are fluted, and plate one side embeds in the groove of stake, and opposite side embeds in another the groove.
Advantage of the present utility model and effect are can the poised stream bank slope, has good water penetration simultaneously, after rainfall runoff enters the river course side slope, below blends the mode of overflow, enters the river course through after the processing step by step of system.Fillers such as ovum gravel, coarse sand and soil and root system of plant superficial growth a large amount of microorganisms and form biomembrane, when rainfall runoff carries a large amount of pollutants and enters the river course bank slope, SS in the runoff (solid suspension) comprises by filler that ovum gravel, coarse sand and soil and root system of plant stop and holds back, and organicly removed by biomembranous absorption and assimilation, dissimilation; Root system of plant discharges the transmission of oxygen, make and occur aerobic, anoxic and anaerobism phenomenon and alternate environment around it in the microenvironment successively, thereby guaranteed that the nitrogen in the runoff water, phosphorus can not only directly be absorbed as nutrition by plant and microorganism, but also can remove from runoff the excess accumulation effect of phosphorus by nitrated, denitrification and microorganism, reach and hold back purpose and the effect that pollutant enters the river course; When the water in the river course passes through this bank slope, also can obtain the purification of certain degree by said process; Then, filler is regularly replaced and gather in plant, finally pollutant is thoroughly disposed from the river course system.
The utility model has been planted plants such as hay grass, reed and shrub, has beautified the river course bank slope, presents staged green landscape layer by layer.Can on industry, produce in enormous quantities, form prefabricated component, avoid the inconvenience of site operation and the harmful effect that brings substantially,, save land used as long as install on the river course bank slope at the scene.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1---the utility model landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope sectional schematic diagram.
Fig. 2---pile plate member structural representation.
Fig. 3---the flat distribution map of stake plate on the river course bank slope.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, bank slope 12 (side slope) in the river course is upward squeezed into non-fine concrete stake 9 by certain arrangement regulation, the both sides of non-fine concrete stake 9 are fluted, one side of non-fine concrete plate 10 embeds, opposite side embeds in the groove of another non-fine concrete stake 9, constitute non-fine concrete sheet pile member 1, connect always, form the arrangement of upwards pushing up gradually until the slope from river course bank slope 12 bottoms (being higher than ordinary water level); Non-fine concrete plate 10 has the two sides, and one side is (riverbed) near water, and one faces bank (slope), and concrete slab 10 adopts non-fine concrete, has good water penetration; On the one side of non-fine concrete plate 10 backwaters in non-fine concrete sheet pile member 1 geotextiles 11 is set, stops soil, sand to see through; Is the plant planting district at each row's non-fine concrete sheet pile member 1 towards a side unit of bank slope, and plant and filler are arranged, and filler comprises ovum gravel 2, coarse sand 3 and soil 4; Plant plant then in each row plant planting district, can plant different plants successively from bottom to up, shrub 8, reed 7, hay grass 6 etc. successively in this example form the staged landscape effects of different plants, also can plant other plant certainly successively; Slope angle heap between undermost non-fine concrete sheet pile member 1 and riverbed is established (putting) piece stone 5.Formed the landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope system.
When area source pollutants from the two sides, river course when flow through in the river course, at first run into the utility model, it is the non-fine concrete pile plate member 1 that area source pollutants flows into non-fine concrete stake 9 and non-fine concrete plate 10 formations, be introduced into from the top down in the unit of first row's non-fine concrete pile plate member 1, the eutrophy composition that the shrub plant 8 of plantation in the plant planting district absorbs in the polluted water, filler comprise that ovum gravel 2, coarse sand 3 and soil 4 surfaces generate biomembrane absorption degradation pollutant; Because non-fine concrete sheet pile member 1 has good water penetration, ooze or overflow under the sewage continuation through this grade preliminary treatment, enter in second row's non-fine concrete sheet pile member Unit 1, go down step by step successively, absorb the material growth of rich battalion through reed 7, hay grass 6, through multistage absorption, absorption and degraded, last sewage is purified the back largely and is flowed into the river course, thereby reaches the purpose of holding back into the river pollutant.
The plant of plantation can be selected as required, and not only is confined to description of the present utility model.By in time, periodic replacement filler and harvesting plant, can finally from the river course, remove pollutant.
Non-fine concrete sheet pile member 1 of the present utility model can prefabricated production in factory, installs at the scene then get final product, and is very simple, make things convenient for.Plate 10 in the utility model, stake 9 adopt non-fine concretes to make, and be not only firm but also have a water penetration.
The utility model has been obtained effect preferably in concrete implementation process.Be the test effect table in the implementation process below.(unit: mg/L)
Date Project ??COD ??NH 4-N ??NO 3-N ??TN ??TP ??SS
On July 8th, 2004 Influent quality ??96.30 ??12.15 ??8.96 ??37.56 ??1.67 ??295
Effluent quality ??17.33 ??3.00 ??3.25 ??7.85 ??0.24 ??31
Clearance ??82.0% ??75.3% ??63.7% ??81.3% ??85.4% ??89.5%
On August 16th, 2004 Influent quality ??83.40 ??18.34 ??9.80 ??40.25 ??1.73 ??243
Effluent quality ??12.59 ??3.98 ??3.64 ??7.85 ??0.23 ??19
Clearance ??84.9% ??78.3% ??62.9% ??80.5% ??86.8% ??92.2%
This shows that the utility model is very high to the clearance of pollutant, the water quality that enters the river course after treatment satisfies the first discharge standard among " integrated wastewater discharge standard " (GB 8978-1996), meets river course quality of water environment requirement.

Claims (5)

1. landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope system, comprise the plate that stands on the bank slope, the sheet pile member that stake constitutes, it is characterized in that plate, to a sloping side plant planting district is set at the sheet pile member towards the riverbed setting, plant and filler are arranged, and the sheet pile member extremely hangs down several rows of setting from height on bank slope.
2. landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope according to claim 1 system is characterized in that the filler that adds comprises ovum gravel, coarse sand, soil in the plant planting district.
3. landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope according to claim 1 system is characterized in that a both sides is fluted, and plate one side embeds in the groove of stake, and opposite side embeds in another the groove.
4. according to claim 1,3 described landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope systems, it is characterized in that plate, stake adopt that non-fine concrete is prefabricated to form.
5. according to claim 1,3 described landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope systems, it is characterized in that on the back side of the plate of pile plate member, geotextiles being set.
CN 200420054677 2004-12-27 2004-12-27 Landscape type multi-step artificial wet-land slope protection system CN2770315Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420054677 CN2770315Y (en) 2004-12-27 2004-12-27 Landscape type multi-step artificial wet-land slope protection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420054677 CN2770315Y (en) 2004-12-27 2004-12-27 Landscape type multi-step artificial wet-land slope protection system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2770315Y true CN2770315Y (en) 2006-04-12

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102070248A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-05-25 东北师范大学 Configuration method of river bank forest belt beneficial to river ecological landscape protection and prayer flag suspension
CN101713182B (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-06-08 河海大学 Method for forming ecological embankment of vertical revetment live branch bundles
CN102296567A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-28 暨南大学 Soft isolation zone method for slope protection at bank zone and surface source pollution control
CN102531182A (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-07-04 南京大学 System for purifying micro-polluted water flowing to reservoirs (lakes) and repairing ecological wetlands
CN102628259A (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-08-08 上海嘉洁生态型混凝土草坪有限公司 Water bank simulated natural ecological protective member
CN102934578A (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-02-20 中国科学院武汉植物园 Method for constructing natural-revetment highbush community
CN103081689A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-05-08 深圳市东华园林绿化有限公司 Vegetation recovery method for water front hard protection slope
CN103306360A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-09-18 天津大学 Multidimensional ecological drainage system for intercepting and controlling separate system rainwater pollutants into river
CN104099898A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-10-15 陈江 Split water conservancy protection slope
CN104193096A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-10 南昌工程学院 Pollution control slope for multi-stage filter floating bed
CN104961245A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-10-07 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 Biological purifying system of water body on side slope of river or lake
CN105198085A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-30 同济大学 Stepped horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland combined system and application thereof
CN105198092A (en) * 2015-10-29 2015-12-30 湖北文理学院 Sloping bottom type integrated vertical-flow constructed wetland system
CN106836243A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-06-13 重庆大学 A kind of sponge greenery patches of suitable mountain topography and its building method
CN107857368A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-03-30 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 A kind of Water Ecological Recovery device in hard revetment river course
CN107926503A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-04-20 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 One kind is based on group's nature simulation method of building a framework

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101713182B (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-06-08 河海大学 Method for forming ecological embankment of vertical revetment live branch bundles
CN102070248B (en) * 2010-11-26 2012-02-08 东北师范大学 Configuration method of river bank forest belt beneficial to river ecological landscape protection and prayer flag suspension
CN102070248A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-05-25 东北师范大学 Configuration method of river bank forest belt beneficial to river ecological landscape protection and prayer flag suspension
CN102628259A (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-08-08 上海嘉洁生态型混凝土草坪有限公司 Water bank simulated natural ecological protective member
CN102296567A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-28 暨南大学 Soft isolation zone method for slope protection at bank zone and surface source pollution control
CN102296567B (en) * 2011-06-17 2013-07-03 暨南大学 Soft isolation zone method for slope protection at bank zone and surface source pollution control
CN102531182A (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-07-04 南京大学 System for purifying micro-polluted water flowing to reservoirs (lakes) and repairing ecological wetlands
CN102934578A (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-02-20 中国科学院武汉植物园 Method for constructing natural-revetment highbush community
CN103081689A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-05-08 深圳市东华园林绿化有限公司 Vegetation recovery method for water front hard protection slope
CN103306360B (en) * 2013-06-14 2015-01-28 天津大学 Multidimensional ecological drainage system for intercepting and controlling separate system rainwater pollutants into river
CN103306360A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-09-18 天津大学 Multidimensional ecological drainage system for intercepting and controlling separate system rainwater pollutants into river
CN104099898A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-10-15 陈江 Split water conservancy protection slope
CN104193096A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-10 南昌工程学院 Pollution control slope for multi-stage filter floating bed
CN104961245A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-10-07 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 Biological purifying system of water body on side slope of river or lake
CN105198085A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-30 同济大学 Stepped horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland combined system and application thereof
CN105198092A (en) * 2015-10-29 2015-12-30 湖北文理学院 Sloping bottom type integrated vertical-flow constructed wetland system
CN105198092B (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-11-10 湖北文理学院 A kind of Sloping Hearth composite vertical current artificial wetland system
CN106836243A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-06-13 重庆大学 A kind of sponge greenery patches of suitable mountain topography and its building method
CN107926503A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-04-20 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 One kind is based on group's nature simulation method of building a framework
CN107857368A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-03-30 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 A kind of Water Ecological Recovery device in hard revetment river course

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20060412

Termination date: 20100127