CN2751309Y - Current meter having station, depth measurement and radio communication function - Google Patents

Current meter having station, depth measurement and radio communication function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2751309Y
CN2751309Y CN 200420102794 CN200420102794U CN2751309Y CN 2751309 Y CN2751309 Y CN 2751309Y CN 200420102794 CN200420102794 CN 200420102794 CN 200420102794 U CN200420102794 U CN 200420102794U CN 2751309 Y CN2751309 Y CN 2751309Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ocean current
chip microcomputer
interface
depth
data
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200420102794
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
龙小敏
蔡树群
王盛安
姚小桂
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South China Sea Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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South China Sea Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Priority to CN 200420102794 priority Critical patent/CN2751309Y/en
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Publication of CN2751309Y publication Critical patent/CN2751309Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of ocean current measurement instrument for being integrated with erect-position, depth measurement and wireless communication function. Its technical solution is: the single-chip microcontroller control twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor of underwater portion measures the flow velocity of X, Y bidimensional respectively, it is calculated and synthesizes flow velocity , with electronics lining to tool azimuth synthesized with flow direction, obtain the true flow direction of ocean current; Depth where pressure sensor synchro measure ocean current sensor. The data of flow velocity, flow direction and depth are transferred to above-water single-chip microcontroller by watertight cable in a manner of RS485 bus, standing capacity that GPS receiver module synchronization measures accordingly and flow velocity, flow direction and depth data are stored in data storage, and is shown on an lcd display, is sent to communication module modulate emission by single-chip microcontroller.

Description

A kind of current meter that erect-position, depth survey and radio communication function are arranged
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ocean current measurement instrument with erect-position, depth survey and radio communication function.
Background technology
In the hydrological environment investigation in the coastal zone of routine and coastal waters, ocean current is crucial hydrographic features.The ocean current observational data is the important foundation data of marine site engineering design model test, and all coastal ocean engineering projects all will be carried out ocean current observation.The ocean current of coastal ocean engineering project observation at present generally is to seek with GPS to measure erect-position, find grappling surveying vessel behind the erect-position, use current meters such as SLC9-2, RCM7, realize multi-level, the accurate simultaneous observation of multistation position ocean current of top layer (1m under the natural sea), middle level (0.6H) and bottom (apart from seabed 1.5m) by manual control wirerope length.There is following point in it: wirerope seriously drifts about under the severe sea condition, causes level inaccurate; Marine work is arduous, and whacked observation personnel often do not notice that surveying vessel runs the erect-position error (especially at night) that anchor causes when wind and waves.The human error of level and erect-position brings very big difficulty for the analyzing and processing of observational data, has influence on the accuracy of coastal ocean engineering project design parameter.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of real-time stores synchronized, demonstration and teletransmission that can realize ocean current observation data and observation level and erect-position, can improve the ocean current measurement instrument with erect-position, depth survey and radio communication function of the accuracy of ocean current observation level and observation erect-position effectively.
The realization the technical solution of the utility model is: pressure transducer, GPS receiver module, communication module, LCD display, data-carrier store etc. are integrated in the ocean current observation instrument, instrument comprises underwater portion and above water, connects with watertight cable between underwater portion and the above water.Said underwater portion is made up of pressure transducer, electronic compass, twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor, RS485 interface, serial expanded circuit, single-chip microcomputer and power circuit; Said above water is made up of GPS module, communication module, LCD display, standard RS232 interface, RS485 interface, serial expanded circuit, single-chip microcomputer, data-carrier store, real-time clock and power circuit; Part under water, pressure transducer in order to the degree of depth of measuring ocean current sensor place is connected with single-chip microcomputer, in order to measure electronic compass that ocean current flows to and to be connected with single-chip microcomputer by serial expanded circuit in order to the twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor of measuring the ocean current flow velocity, the degree of depth, the flow direction and the flow speed data handled through single-chip microcomputer are transferred to above-water RS485 interface with bus mode by watertight cable through the RS485 interface by single-chip microcomputer, store data-carrier store into; Part on the water, be connected with single-chip microcomputer by serial expanded circuit in order to the GPS module of synchro measure observation station longitude and latitude, communication module, LCD display, standard RS232 interface and the RS485 interface of transmission observation data, data-carrier store is connected with the corresponding port of single-chip microcomputer respectively with real-time clock; The power circuit of underwater portion and above-water power circuit is respectively underwater portion and above water provides power supply.
During instrument work, the Single-chip Controlling twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor of underwater portion is the flow velocity of measured X, Y bidimensional respectively, calculates its synthetic flow velocity V = V x 2 + V y 2 , With the electronics lining to the tool azimuth and the flow direction synthesize, obtain the true flow direction of ocean current; Pressure transducer is measured the degree of depth at ocean current sensor place.The data of flow velocity, the flow direction and the degree of depth are transferred to above-water single-chip microcomputer in the mode of RS485 bus by watertight cable, this single-chip microcomputer with GPS module synchro measure to the standing capacity of longitude and latitude of observation station reach flow velocity, the flow direction and depth data according to this and be stored in the data-carrier store, and on LCD display, show, deliver to the communication module modulate emission.Above water can be installed on buoy or the surveying vessel.
The utility model can guarantee to observe the accuracy of level and erect-position owing to the longitude and latitude of the adopts pressure sensor synchro measure ocean current sensor place degree of depth, usefulness GPS module synchro measure observation station; Transmit observation data with communication module, realize the remote live observation of ocean current.Utilize public radio communication net transmission real-time monitored data, have the information transmission zone big, affected by environment little, can arbitrarily distribute and advantage such as mobile observation point, expense be cheap.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the circuit The general frame of the set current meter in respect of erect-position, depth survey and radio communication function of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of concrete enforcement circuit diagram of the underwater portion of the utility model current meter;
Fig. 3 is the above-water a kind of concrete enforcement circuit diagram of the utility model current meter.
Embodiment
Be further described below in conjunction with 1,2,3 pairs of embodiments of the present utility model of accompanying drawing:
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment comprises underwater portion 1 and above water 2, the circuit diagram of underwater portion as shown in Figure 2, above-water circuit diagram as shown in Figure 3, above water can be installed on buoy or the surveying vessel, is connected with underwater portion in the mode of RS485 bus by watertight cable A.The single-chip microcomputer 1.7 of underwater portion is controlled twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor 1.4, electronic compass 1.3 and RS485 interface 1.5 respectively by serial expanded circuit 1.6, and twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor 1.4 is the flow velocity of measured X, Y bidimensional respectively, calculates its synthetic flow velocity V = V x 2 + V y 2 , Synthesize with the tool azimuth and the flow direction that electronic compass 1.3 measures, obtain the true flow direction of ocean current; Pressure transducer 1.2 is measured the degree of depth at ocean current sensor place.The data of flow velocity, the flow direction and the degree of depth are transferred to above-water RS485 interface 2.5 through RS485 interface 1.5 by watertight cable A.Single-chip microcomputer 2.8 is controlled the measurement data that RS485 interface 2.5 receives underwater portion respectively by serial expanded circuit 2.7; Control GPS module 2.2 is gathered the longitude and latitude of observation station; Observation data is delivered to communication module 2.3 modulate emission; Observation data is delivered to LCD display 2.4 to be shown; Simultaneously also observation data is stored in the data-carrier store 2.9, real-time clock 2.10 provides the time reference of time sight, standard RS232 interface 2.6 provides the interface that current meter is carried out parameter setting and data download by computing machine, power circuit 1.1 provides the power supply of underwater portion, and power circuit 2.1 provides above-water power supply.
The underwater portion circuit as shown in Figure 2, twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor 1.4, RS485 interface 1.5, serial expanded circuit 1.6 and single-chip microcomputer 1.7 were supplied with in parallel connection after power circuit 1.1 adopted 4 joint 3.6V lithium batteries to become 3.3V by diode D1~D4 step-down, become 5.0V to supply with electronic compass 1.3 the 3.3V voltage transitions by the REG710 integrated circuit, the 3.3V voltage transitions is become 6.6V supply pressure sensor 1.2 by the MAX860 integrated circuit; Pressure transducer 1.2 adopts 2100A type pressure transducer; Electronic compass 1.3 adopts HMR3300 type electronic compass; Twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor 1.4 adopts ALEC electromagnetism ocean current sensor; RS485 interface 1.5 adopts the SN65HVD10D integrated circuit; Serial expanded circuit 1.6 adopts the GM8123-I integrated circuit; Single-chip microcomputer 1.7 adopts 89LV52.
The above water circuit as shown in Figure 3, power circuit 2.1 adopts the 6V accumulators to become 5.0V to supply with communication module 2.3, to become 3.3V for other circuit of giving above water by the TPS76733 voltage stabilizing by the TPS76750 voltage stabilizing; GPS module 2.2 adopts the GSU-36 receiver module; Communication module 2.3 adopts the AT-100GPRS module; LCD display 2.4 adopts the EDMC002A LCD; RS485 interface 2.5 adopts the SN65HVD10D integrated circuit; Standard RS232 interface 2.6 adopts the MAX3221 integrated circuit; Serial expanded circuit 2.7 adopts the GM8125-I integrated circuit; Single-chip microcomputer 2.8 adopts 89LV52; Data-carrier store 2.9 adopts the KM29U128T integrated circuit; Real-time clock 2.10 adopts the DS12887-3 integrated circuit.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of current meter that erect-position, depth survey and radio communication function are arranged comprises underwater portion and above water, it is characterized in that: said underwater portion by pressure transducer (1.2), electronic compass (1.3), twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor (! .4), RS485 interface (1.5), serial expanded circuit (1.6), single-chip microcomputer (1.7) and power circuit (1.1) are formed; Said above water is made up of GPS module (2.2), communication module (2.3), LCD display (2.4), standard RS232 interface (2.6), RS485 interface (2.5), serial expanded circuit (2.7), single-chip microcomputer (2.8), data-carrier store (2.9), real-time clock (2.10) and power circuit (2.1); Part under water is connected with single-chip microcomputer (1.7) in order to the pressure transducer (1.2) of the degree of depth of measuring ocean current sensor place, in order to the electronic compass (1.3) of measuring the ocean current flow direction and in order to the twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor of measurement ocean current flow velocity (! .4) be connected with single-chip microcomputer (1.7) by serial expanded circuit (1.6), the degree of depth, the flow direction and the flow speed data handled through single-chip microcomputer (1.7) are transferred to above-water RS485 interface (2.5) with bus mode by watertight cable through RS485 interface (1.5) by single-chip microcomputer, store data-carrier store (2.9) into; Part on the water, be connected with single-chip microcomputer (2.8) by serial expanded circuit (2.7) in order to the GPS module (2.2) of synchro measure observation station longitude and latitude, communication module (2.3), LCD display (2.4), standard RS232 interface (2.6) and the RS485 interface (2.5) of transmission observation data, data-carrier store (2.9) is connected with the corresponding port of single-chip microcomputer (2.8) respectively with real-time clock (2.10); Power circuit (1.1) and (2.1) are respectively underwater portion and above water provides power supply.
2, the current meter that erect-position, depth survey and radio communication function are arranged according to claim 1 is characterized in that said pressure transducer (1.2) adopts 2100A type pressure transducer; Said electronic compass (1.3) adopts HMR3300 type electronic compass; Said twin shaft electromagnetism ocean current sensor (! .4) adopt ALEC electromagnetism ocean current sensor; Said GPS module (2.2) adopts GSU-36 type GPS receiver module.
CN 200420102794 2004-12-22 2004-12-22 Current meter having station, depth measurement and radio communication function Expired - Fee Related CN2751309Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420102794 CN2751309Y (en) 2004-12-22 2004-12-22 Current meter having station, depth measurement and radio communication function

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420102794 CN2751309Y (en) 2004-12-22 2004-12-22 Current meter having station, depth measurement and radio communication function

Publications (1)

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CN2751309Y true CN2751309Y (en) 2006-01-11

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102004168A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-04-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Method for measuring fluid velocity in shallow-water floristic areas
CN102305621A (en) * 2011-07-18 2012-01-04 北京航天福道高技术股份有限公司 Hydrological comprehensive measurement device
CN102884451A (en) * 2010-03-05 2013-01-16 Ysi公司 Underwater sensor apparatus
RU2503962C1 (en) * 2012-08-14 2014-01-10 Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Тихоокеанский океанологический институт им. В.И. Ильичева Дальневосточного отделения Российской академии наук (ТОИ ДВО РАН) Autonomous device for registration of speed and direction of liquid and gas flow
CN104535114A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-04-22 哈尔滨工程大学 Width-depth range ocean current multi-parameter measuring device
CN106556714A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-05 北京中船信息科技有限公司 A kind of real-time watch device of long term monitoring river bottom hydrologic parameter
CN111006735A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-14 太原理工大学 Using method of sensing device for dynamically measuring sedimentation and volume change in water reservoir
CN111366746A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-07-03 珠江水文水资源勘测中心 Method and device for measuring water flow speed and flow direction

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102884451B (en) * 2010-03-05 2015-08-12 Ysi公司 Underwater sensing apparatus
CN102884451A (en) * 2010-03-05 2013-01-16 Ysi公司 Underwater sensor apparatus
CN102004168A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-04-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Method for measuring fluid velocity in shallow-water floristic areas
CN102305621A (en) * 2011-07-18 2012-01-04 北京航天福道高技术股份有限公司 Hydrological comprehensive measurement device
CN102305621B (en) * 2011-07-18 2013-01-16 北京航天福道高技术股份有限公司 Hydrological comprehensive measurement device
RU2503962C1 (en) * 2012-08-14 2014-01-10 Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Тихоокеанский океанологический институт им. В.И. Ильичева Дальневосточного отделения Российской академии наук (ТОИ ДВО РАН) Autonomous device for registration of speed and direction of liquid and gas flow
CN104535114A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-04-22 哈尔滨工程大学 Width-depth range ocean current multi-parameter measuring device
CN106556714A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-05 北京中船信息科技有限公司 A kind of real-time watch device of long term monitoring river bottom hydrologic parameter
CN111006735A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-14 太原理工大学 Using method of sensing device for dynamically measuring sedimentation and volume change in water reservoir
CN111366746A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-07-03 珠江水文水资源勘测中心 Method and device for measuring water flow speed and flow direction

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Granted publication date: 20060111

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