CN2748844Y - Solar energy heat pump water heating and air conditioning apparatus - Google Patents

Solar energy heat pump water heating and air conditioning apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2748844Y
CN2748844Y CN 200420052610 CN200420052610U CN2748844Y CN 2748844 Y CN2748844 Y CN 2748844Y CN 200420052610 CN200420052610 CN 200420052610 CN 200420052610 U CN200420052610 U CN 200420052610U CN 2748844 Y CN2748844 Y CN 2748844Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
water
cool
heat pump
bag
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200420052610
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
欧军
侯乃升
邵军
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Qingdao Guanghe Sunshine Environment Protection & Energy Conservation Technology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Guanghe Sunshine Environment Protection & Energy Conservation Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 200420052610 priority Critical patent/CN2748844Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2748844Y publication Critical patent/CN2748844Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar energy heat pump water heating and air conditioning machine which relates to equipment which utilizes the solar energy and a heat pump device to produce hot water and cold air. The utility model belongs to the technical field of solar energy utilization. The utility model comprises a casing, a heat pump machine set, a thermal insulating container, a water replenishing valve and a solar energy heat-collecting plate, wherein the heat pump machine set, the thermal insulating container and the water replenishing valve are arranged in the casing; a condenser of the heat pump machine set is arranged in the thermal insulating container which is provided with a water inlet and a water outlet; a temperature controller probe head is arranged in the thermal insulating container; the water replenishing valve is connected with the water inlet on the thermal insulating container by a pipeline; one side of a heat pump evaporator is provided with an axial flow fan; two air channels which absorb and exhaust the air are arranged between the casing and the thermal insulating container; inlets and outlets of the two air channels are arranged at the upper part of the casing; air inlet and air outlet are provided with regulating devices for controlling the air flow path. The utility model which integrates water heating, refrigeration and heating into a whole saves the energy source to a maximum limit. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, reliable performance, wide adaptability, etc.

Description

The solar heat pump and water heating air conditioner
One, technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of equipment that utilizes solar energy and heat pump assembly to produce hot water and cold air, belongs to solar energy source and utilizes technical field.
Two, background technology
Existing heat pump type water heater when heating, discharges the cold air that produces, and this part energy dissipation is very unfortunate.Usually the general water heat-shift that adopts the pressure-bearing cool-bag or adopt water circulating pump and cool-bag is so production cost height and cooperate complexity with cool-bag generally needs professional's Installation and Debugging.And people had both needed energy-efficient hot water apparatus in life, also need can cool-down dehumidification equipment, both wished that product was inexpensive, also wish a tractor serves several purposes, use simple installation.Also there is not at present a kind of solar heat pump Multi Role Aircraft that utilizes thermal-arrest water, cooling, dehumidifying, heating and the one of solar energy, low price popular style.
Three, summary of the invention
The utility model is at the deficiency that prior art exists, provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, capable of being combined multiple utilize form, easy to use, energy utilization rate is high, the solar heat pump and water heating air conditioner of thermal-arrest water, refrigeration, heating and the whole body.
The utility model is realized by following measure:
The utility model comprises housing, source pump, cool-bag, water compensating valve and solar heat-collection plate, wherein, source pump, cool-bag, water compensating valve is installed in the housing, the condenser of source pump places cool-bag, be provided with on the water tank heat preserving container, delivery port, be provided with thermostat probe in it, water compensating valve is connected with water inlet on the cool-bag by pipeline, side at evaporator with heat pump is provided with axial flow blower, between housing and cool-bag, be provided with two air channels that absorb and discharge air, the advancing of two air channels, outlet is installed in housing top, advances, have in the outlet into, the adjusting device that control air-flow approach is arranged on the air outlet.
Adjusting device is made up of outdoor interface, indoor interface, regulating handle and controllable register, and regulating handle is connected with controllable register, is movably arranged on the air port.
Described source pump is made up of evaporimeter, condenser, compressor, expansion valve, liquid storage regenerator, pipeline, cpu control circuit, wherein, airtight in the pipeline have a circulatory mediator, compressor high-voltage end connects condenser, first group of heat exchanger of regenerator, fluid reservoir, expansion valve, air evaporator, second group of heat exchanger of regenerator, compressor low-pressure end in the cool-bag successively by pipeline, and the cpu circuit board is connected with thermostat probe.
The delivery port of cool-bag connects sun set hot plate, radiator by pipeline.
Described sun set hot plate is made up of vacuum heat collection pipe, afflux header and metallic support.
Described cpu circuit board, thermostat probe, compressor and axial flow blower are carried out and are electrically connected.
When the utility model was worked in source pump, under the effect of axial flow blower, during from air inlet duct inhaled air process evaporimeter, heat energy contained in the air was absorbed by the heat pump cyclic medium in the evaporimeter.Air after the cooling is discharged by air outlet again, device for installing and adjusting on the air port in the air channel, can change the approach that air is flowed through, and the adjusting device conversion can be in the season of needs cooling, the cold air that produces when heat pump is worked is introduced indoor, be used for the temperature in the conditioning chamber, this part previously discarded energy is recycled.Be delivered in the water of container by the condenser that is located in the cool-bag by the compressed machine compression of the heat pump medium after evaporation heat absorption intensification back, water is heated, cool-bag by pipeline and radiator pipeline and the binding of solar heat-collection plate pipeline, constitutes normal pressure dynamic circulation water route system respectively.When the user opens the hot water nozzle when using hot water, horizontal plane in the cool-bag descends, and at this moment, the hutch water device ball valve is opened running water pipe makes the water surface come back to the origin-location, the hutch water device ball valve is closed running water pipe then, thereby can effectively provide massive life hot water to save a large amount of energy.The utility model can be overheated before entering compressor with gaseous refrigerant by the design regenerator, and high pressure liquid refrigerant enters before the throttling arrangement cold excessively, reduces system pressure and energy consumption.
The course of work: 1, evaporation process, evaporate in the evaporimeter of heat pump through the low-pressure liquid medium after the throttling, become gaseous medium, by axial flow blower and air channel, absorbed a large amount of airborne heats; 2, compression process, the low-temp low-pressure gaseous medium that comes out from evaporimeter flows into compressor through the regenerator back of further absorbing heat, and compressed machine compression Hou becomes the saturated gas of HTHP; 3, exothermic process, the condenser that the high temperature and high pressure gas that comes out from compressor flows in the container carries out the heat release cooling, and condenses into liquid medium, is absorbed by the water in the container at a large amount of heat energy that condensation process discharged; 4, heat recovery process, water temperature in the container improves constantly, when reaching certain temperature, the part medium in the condenser can not get abundant cooling, liquefaction fully, condensing pressure improves, for medium is liquefied fully, condensing pressure is maintained in certain scope, utilize first group of heat exchanger and second group of heat exchanger of regenerator to carry out heat exchange, make gaseous medium overheated before entering compressor, liquid medium is cold excessively before entering throttling arrangement; 5, throttling process, from condenser through the high-pressure liquid medium of regenerator under the effect of expansion valve, the throttling thermal insulation, temperature and pressure has all reduced, and is sent into the evaporator evaporation heat absorption once more; 6, air conditioner refrigerating, under the axial flow blower effect, air is through behind the evaporimeter, and temperature and humidity has all reduced, if indoorly can open the air door that is arranged on the air channel when needing cooling in summer, cold air is entered indoor, makes room temperature lowering, plays the effect of air-conditioning; 7, solar energy heating if water consumption is little or sunny, can be closed source pump, and the sun set hot plate works independently, and does not need any electric power, saves the energy more.8, in the cool-bag thermostat probe is installed, by temperature controller and cpu circuit board monitoring cool-bag temperature, when being lower than under the design temperature, water temperature prescribes a time limit, cpu output control signal starts heat pump compressor and axial flow blower, unit work is discharged cold air simultaneously to the water in container heating, prescribe a time limit when water temperature reaches going up of design temperature, cpu exports stop signal, and unit work stops.9, the sun set hot plate can adopt Natural Circulation or temperature difference circulation with the insulation cool-bag.Adopt Natural Circulation, cool-bag and thermal-arrest plate need certain height poor, rely on the buoyancy that rises to enter cool-bag after the water of thermal-arrest plate is heated.Employing temperature difference circulation, the thermal-arrest plate can be installed in arbitrary height, and cpu output control signal starts circulating pump when thermal-arrest plate heating temperature is higher than water temperature in the container, and the water in the container and the water of heat collector carry out the thermal-arrest circulation, and water temperature reaches the balance circulating pump and stops.So when water consumption was little or sunny, heat pump compressor can seldom be worked, to greatest extent energy savings.
The utility model adopts heat pump to utilize contrary Carnot cycle principle, by the heat in circulatory mediator absorption outside air and the sunlight, compressed machine compression Hou rejects heat in the water, and water is heated up, and compares with conventional water heaters to have the following advantages: 1, energy-conservation, owing to absorbed a large amount of airborne heats, Energy Efficiency Ratio can reach more than 3, and promptly the every consumption 1 degree electricity of source pump can produce electrical heating and consume the heat that 3 degree electricity produce, evenly heat efficient can reach more than 300%, has greatly saved the energy; 2, environmental protection, source pump are to utilize medium circulation heat absorption, heat release work, do not produce any emission in the course of the work; 3, safety, the source pump process of heating are by the water in the high temperature and high pressure gas heating and thermal insulating container of compressor discharge, and electric energy is mainly used in compressor rotation work done, so water power separates fully, really accomplishes safe and reliable.
Use the utility model both can utilize heat pump and sun set hot plate to produce hot water for people's bathing and heating, can utilize the cold air of heat pump work to dehumidify again as air-conditioning temperature-reducing, the sun set hot plate is as selecting piece installing, and occasion with good conditionsi can be installed, and the sun set hot plate has been installed can have been saved more electric power.The user that water consumption is big, Circuits System just need not change can expand the cool-bag capacity, in the winter time, also can be used as heating and uses with radiator is supporting.The utility model thermal-arrest water, refrigeration, heating and have all over the body been saved the energy to greatest extent, have advantages such as simple in structure, dependable performance, wide adaptability.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the utility model outline drawing;
Fig. 3 is a utility model inlet and outlet structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the adjusting device schematic diagram on the utility model inlet and outlet;
Fig. 5 is for the utility model medium refrigeration and heat the operation principle sketch;
Fig. 6 is the utility model circuit theory diagrams.
Wherein, 1, housing, 2, water compensating valve, 3, cool-bag, 4, condenser, 5, axial flow blower, 6, air evaporator, 7, expansion valve, 8, regenerator, 9, compressor, 10, air inlet, 11, air outlet, 12, indoor interface, 13, outdoor interface, 14, regulating handle, 15, controllable register.
(5) specific embodiment
Embodiment: structure such as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 6, by shell 1, source pump, cool-bag 3, water compensating valve 2 and solar heat-collection plate, radiator is formed, wherein, source pump, cool-bag 3, water compensating valve 2 is installed in the housing 1, the condenser 4 of source pump places cool-bag 3, described source pump is by evaporimeter, condenser, compressor, expansion valve, the liquid storage regenerator, pipeline, cpu circuit board control section is formed, wherein, airtight in the pipeline have a circulatory mediator, compressor 9 high-pressure sides connect condenser in the cool-bag successively by pipeline, first group of heat exchanger of regenerator, fluid reservoir, expansion valve, air evaporator 6, second group of heat exchanger of regenerator, the compressor low-pressure end, the cpu circuit board is connected with thermostat probe; On the cool-bag 3 entery and delivery port is set, is provided with thermostat probe in it, on the delivery port of cool-bag, connect sun set hot plate, the radiator of forming by vacuum heat collection pipe, afflux header and metallic support by pipeline; Water compensating valve 2 is connected with water inlet on the cool-bag 3 by pipeline, side at evaporator with heat pump 6 is provided with axial flow blower 5, between housing and cool-bag, be provided with two air channels that absorb and discharge air, article two, 10,11 being installed on the housing into and out of the air port of air channel has the adjusting device that control air-flow approach is arranged on the air port 10,11 on the air port; Adjusting device is made up of outdoor interface 13, indoor interface 12, regulating handle 14 and controllable register 15, and regulating handle 15 flexibly connects and is installed on air port 10,11 with controllable register 15.During use, winter regulating handle 14 is upwards rotated, controllable register just blocks leading to indoor passage, and gas is arranged to outdoor.Otherwise then gas row reaches the effect of refrigeration to indoor.Adopt axial flow blower and compressor unison work, by cpu circuit board and temperature controller, monitoring cool-bag temperature, cpu circuit board, thermostat probe, compressor 9 and axial flow blower 5 are carried out electrical ties.During use, by the water temperature in the cpu control temp probe monitoring container, when being lower than under the design temperature, water temperature prescribes a time limit, cpu output control signal starts heat pump compressor and axial flow blower, unit work is discharged cold air simultaneously to the water in container heating, prescribe a time limit when water temperature reaches going up of design temperature, cpu exports stop signal, and unit work stops.When source pump is worked, behind evaporimeter 6 absorbing and cooling temperatures, discharge by exhaust duct 12 again by air-breathing air channel 12 inhaled airs by axial flow blower 5, be delivered to after heating up by the compressed machine compression of the medium after the evaporation heat absorption in the water of container the water heating, thereby can effectively provide massive life hot water to save a large amount of energy.Under the effect of axial flow blower 5, air is through behind the evaporimeter 6, and temperature and humidity has all reduced, if indoorly can open the air door that is arranged on the air channel when needing cooling in summer, cold air is entered indoor, makes room temperature lowering, plays the effect of air-conditioning.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of solar heat pump and water heating air conditioner, it is characterized in that, comprise the body shell, source pump, cool-bag, water compensating valve and solar heat-collection plate, wherein, source pump, cool-bag, water compensating valve is installed in the housing, the condenser of source pump places cool-bag, be provided with on the cool-bag, delivery port, be provided with thermostat probe in it, water compensating valve is connected with water inlet on the cool-bag by pipeline, side at evaporator with heat pump is provided with axial flow blower, two air channels that absorb and discharge air are installed, the advancing of two air channels between housing and cool-bag, outlet is installed in housing top, advances, the adjusting device that control air-flow approach is arranged on the air outlet.
2, solar heat pump and water heating air conditioner according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the delivery port of cool-bag connects sun set hot plate, radiator by pipeline.
3, solar heat pump and water heating air conditioner according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described source pump is made up of evaporimeter, condenser, compressor, expansion valve, liquid storage regenerator, pipeline, cpu control circuit, wherein, airtight in the pipeline have a circulatory mediator, compressor high-voltage end connects condenser, first group of heat exchanger of regenerator, fluid reservoir, expansion valve, air evaporator, second group of heat exchanger of regenerator, compressor low-pressure end in the cool-bag successively by pipeline, and the cpu circuit board is connected with thermostat probe.
CN 200420052610 2004-07-27 2004-07-27 Solar energy heat pump water heating and air conditioning apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN2748844Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420052610 CN2748844Y (en) 2004-07-27 2004-07-27 Solar energy heat pump water heating and air conditioning apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420052610 CN2748844Y (en) 2004-07-27 2004-07-27 Solar energy heat pump water heating and air conditioning apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2748844Y true CN2748844Y (en) 2005-12-28

Family

ID=35720336

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200420052610 Expired - Fee Related CN2748844Y (en) 2004-07-27 2004-07-27 Solar energy heat pump water heating and air conditioning apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2748844Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105758060A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-13 惠州市江明机电科技有限公司 Solar heat pump hot water, cold air and heated air integrated machine
CN106225253A (en) * 2016-09-20 2016-12-14 芜湖市晨曦新型建材科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and water-saving type apparatus for heating water by solar energy

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105758060A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-13 惠州市江明机电科技有限公司 Solar heat pump hot water, cold air and heated air integrated machine
CN105758060B (en) * 2016-04-26 2018-01-02 惠州市江明机电科技有限公司 A kind of solar heat pump and water heating, cold air, heating all-in-one
CN106225253A (en) * 2016-09-20 2016-12-14 芜湖市晨曦新型建材科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and water-saving type apparatus for heating water by solar energy

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee