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CN2734331Y - Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse-cracking machine - Google Patents

Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse-cracking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2734331Y
CN2734331Y CN 200420091235 CN200420091235U CN2734331Y CN 2734331 Y CN2734331 Y CN 2734331Y CN 200420091235 CN200420091235 CN 200420091235 CN 200420091235 U CN200420091235 U CN 200420091235U CN 2734331 Y CN2734331 Y CN 2734331Y
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CN
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Prior art keywords
garbage
domestic
breaking
bag
blades
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CN 200420091235
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜秀成
汤扶宽
沙训松
李天胜
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李超训
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse-cracking machine which is used for separating and sorting domestic garbage. The domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse-cracking machine comprises a support, a cylindrical body, a riding wheel, a slip ring, a gear, a pinion, a motor, a speed reducer, a material feeding mouth, a discharge port, etc. The inner wall of the cylindrical body is provided with a plurality of triangular fixed blades along a spiral line. The central axis of the cylindrical body is provided with a central shaft provided with a plurality of semi-U-shaped movable blades. The rotating direction of the central shaft is opposite to the rotating direction of the cylindrical body. The interaction of triangular fixed blades and semi-U-shaped movable blades can crack domestic garbage plastic bags and coarsely crack the domestic garbage. At the same time, the domestic garbage bag-breaking can be sorted, which is favorable for the ventilation and fermentation of garbage compost.

Description

生活垃圾破袋粗粉机 Garbage bag breaking meal machine

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及一种生活垃圾分选分类机械。 The present invention relates to a garbage classification sorting machinery.

背景技术 Background technique

生活垃圾的一个共性,基本都是一家一户将垃圾盛装在塑料袋中,送到垃圾集中点的卫生桶或卫生箱,再汇集送到垃圾处理厂,如不先将塑料袋破开,垃圾就不可能分类利用,即将有机质进行堆肥,废塑料橡胶进行裂化制作燃料油。 A common garbage, basically a one dressed garbage in plastic bags and sent to the garbage barrel focal point of health or hygiene box, and then sent to the waste treatment plant collection, if not break open the first plastic bag, trash it is impossible to classify the use of upcoming organic matter composting, waste plastics production of rubber cracking fuel oil. 国内有的单位用锤打式粉碎机进行破碎再风选,虽能将塑料袋打碎,但致使垃圾粒度过小,导致不能有效的将塑料分选出来,同时不利于堆肥通气,必然延长堆肥发酵时间。 Some domestic units with a hammer mill crusher and then winnowing, although plastic bags can break, causing the garbage but particle size is too small, can not effectively lead to sorting out the plastic, while not conducive to compost aeration, compost prolong the inevitable fermentation time.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本实用新型的目的是提供一种能够克服上述问题的把袋装生活垃圾的塑料袋破开,并对生活垃圾进行粗粉碎,同时能把破塑料袋分拣出来的生活垃圾破袋粗粉机。 The purpose of the present invention is to provide a way to overcome the above problems of the bagged garbage bags break open, and garbage coarsely ground, and it can be broken out of the plastic bag sorting garbage bag breaking meal machine .

本实用新型的任务是通过以下方式实现的:在有一定斜度的支架上适当位置安装两套托轮,一对滑圈套装在圆筒机体上的适当位置,圆筒机体通过滑圈安装在托轮上,电机和减速机也安装在支架上,驱动圆筒机体的电机、减速机通过带动小齿轮,再由小齿轮作用于套装在圆筒机体上的大齿轮,驱动圆筒机体转动;在圆筒机体高端端面上设有投料口,在圆筒机体内壁上沿螺旋线安装三角形固定刀若干把;在圆筒机体的中心轴线上有一安装若干把半U型活动刀的中心轴,中心轴由电机通过减速机带动,其转动方向与圆筒机体相反;在圆筒机体低端端面上设出料口。 The practical task of this novel is achieved by the following ways: position mounted on two idler bracket has a slope, the appropriate positions of the pair runner fitted over the cylindrical body, the cylindrical body is mounted through the slip ring on the roller, the motor and gear are also mounted on the bracket, the cylindrical body of the drive motor, driven by the pinion gear reducer, pinion gear and then by the large gear set acting on the cylinder body, the body rotation drive cylinder; at the high end is provided with an end surface of the cylindrical body feeding port, a plurality of the fixed blade mounting triangular cylindrical wall of the body along the helix; has a center axis of the U-shaped mounting a plurality of the movable blade half on the center axis of the cylindrical body, the central shaft driven by a motor via a reduction unit, which rotates the direction opposite to the cylindrical body; an end surface of the cylindrical body at the lower end discharge port is provided.

本实用新型所述生活垃圾破袋粗粉机的圆筒机体的最佳斜度为2.5°。 Best slope cylindrical body of the present invention the coarse garbage bag breaking machine is 2.5 °.

本实用新型所述生活垃圾破袋粗粉机的圆筒机体内壁上沿螺旋线安装的三角形固定刀[9]的数量以70-80把为最佳。 Triangular fixed blade along the wall of the cylindrical body of the present invention the helix garbage bag breaking coarse machine installation [9] is the best number to 70-80.

本实用新型所述生活垃圾破袋粗粉机通过三角形固定刀和半U型活动刀的相互作用能把装生活垃圾的塑料袋破开,并对生活垃圾进行粗粉碎,同时能把破塑料袋分拣出来,且有利于垃圾堆肥的通气发酵。 The present invention garbage bag breaking machine through the coarse triangle fixed blade and movable blade of the U-shaped half interaction means can break open garbage bags, garbage and roughly pulverized, and it can be broken bags sorted out, and is conducive to aerobic fermentation composting garbage.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本实用新型所述生活垃圾破袋粗粉机结构示意图;图2是本实用新型所述生活垃圾破袋粗粉机的三角形固定刀按装方式示意图;图3是本实用新型所述生活垃圾破袋粗粉机的半U型活动刀形状示意图。 1 is a schematic bag-breaking machine coarse structure of the present invention the garbage; FIG. 2 is a triangular fixed blade of the present invention, the garbage bag breaking coarse machine by means schematic manner; FIG. 3 of the present invention is the garbage semi U-shape diagram of the moving knife meal bag-breaking machine.

具体实施方式 detailed description

参照图1、图2、图3,在有一定斜度的支架11上适当位置安装两套托轮3,一对滑圈2套装在圆筒机体1上的适当位置,圆筒机体1通过滑圈2安装在托轮3上,电机7和减速机6也安装在支架11上,驱动圆筒机体1的电机7、减速机6通过带动小齿轮4,再由小齿轮4作用于套装在圆筒机体1上的大齿轮5,驱动圆筒机体1转动。 Referring to FIG 1, FIG 2, FIG 3, an appropriate position of the mounting place two idler 3, the pair of the slide ring 2 is fitted over the cylindrical body 1 has a certain inclination in the holder 11, the cylindrical body 1 by sliding ring 2 is mounted on a supporting roller 3, the motor reducer 6 and 7 is also mounted on the bracket 11, drive cylinder body 7 of the motor 1, drive gear pinion 4 through 6, then the action of the pinion gear 4 on the package in circle large gear 5 on the cylinder body 1, the drive cylinder body 1 is rotated. 在圆筒机体1高端端面上设有投料口13,在圆筒机体1内壁上沿螺旋线安装三角形固定刀9若干把。 In the end the end surface of the cylindrical body 1 is provided with feeding port 13, the inner wall of the cylindrical body in a helical line along the fixed blade 9 is mounted a plurality of the triangle. 在圆筒机体1的中心轴线上有一安装若干把半U型活动刀8的中心轴10,中心轴10由电机7通过减速机6带动,其转动方向与圆筒机体1相反。 A plurality of mounting the central axis of the U-shaped half 10 of the movable blade 8, the central axis 10 by a drive motor 7 via the gear 6 on the central axis of the cylindrical body 1, which is a rotational direction opposite to the cylindrical body. 在圆筒机体1低端端面上设出料口12。 In a low-side end surface of the cylindrical body 12 is provided a discharge port.

以下结合附图对本实用新型所述生活垃圾破袋粗粉机的工作过程作详细叙述。 DRAWINGS The following working process of the present invention the coarse garbage bag breaking machine is described in detail. 参照图1、图2、图3,工作时,接通电机7的开关,生活垃圾由投料口13进入圆筒机体1内,在圆筒机体内壁沿螺旋线安装三角形固定刀9若干把,中间轴按一定数量的半U型活动刀8,电机7通过减速机6带动小齿轮4转动,小齿轮4通过大齿轮5驱动圆筒机体1,使有一定斜度的圆筒机体1顺时针转动,生活垃圾向前推进,在三角形固定刀9和半U型活动刀8的相互作用下,将装垃圾的袋子破开,同时对垃圾进行粗粉碎,物料随圆筒机体1转动和沿螺旋线按装的三角刀固定刀9的作用由出料口12排出,进入下道工序。 Referring to FIG 1, FIG 2, FIG 3, in operation, the motor 7 turns on the switch, the garbage enters from the feeding port 13 of the cylindrical body 1, mounted to a plurality of triangular fixed blade 9 along the inner wall of the cylindrical body helix, intermediate U-axis by a half of a number of movable blade 8, the motor 7 driven by the pinion gear 64 is rotated, the pinion gear 4 by the large gear 5 drive cylinder body 1, so that a certain inclination of the cylindrical body 1 is rotated clockwise , garbage forward, the interaction of the fixed blade 9 and a triangular half of the U-shaped movable blade 8, the garbage bags break open the package, while the garbage coarsely pulverized, the material 1 and rotate with the cylindrical body along the helix cam action of the fixed blade by means of the knife 9 from the discharge port 12 is discharged into the next process.

Claims (3)

  1. 1.一种生活垃圾破袋粗粉机,由支架、圆筒机体、托轮、滑圈、大齿轮、小齿轮、电机、减速机、投料口、出料口等组成,其特征是:在有一定斜度的支架[11]上适当位置安装两套托轮[3],一对滑圈[2]套装在圆筒机体[1]上的适当位置,圆筒机体[1]通过滑圈[2]安装在托轮[3]上,电机[7]和减速机[6]也安装在支架[11]上,驱动圆筒机体[1]的电机[7]、减速机[6]通过带动小齿轮[4],再由小齿轮[4]作用于套装在圆筒机体[1]上的大齿轮[5],驱动圆筒机体[1]]转动;在圆筒机体[1]高端端面上设有投料口[13],在圆筒机体[1]内壁上沿螺旋线安装三角形固定刀[9]若干把;在圆筒机体[1]的中心轴线上有一安装若干把半U型活动刀[8]的中心轴[10],中心轴[10]由电机[7]通过减速机[6]带动,其转动方向与圆筒机体[1]相反;在圆筒机体[1]低端端面上设出料口[12]。 A garbage bag breaking coarse machine, a holder, a cylindrical body, roller, runner, the large gear, a pinion gear, motor, reducer, doghouse, etc. discharge port, wherein: the an appropriate position of the mounting [11] there is a slope on the two idler holder [3], one pair of runner position [2] set in the cylindrical body [1] on the cylindrical body [1] through slip ring motor [2] is mounted on the idler [3], motor [7] and the gear [6] is also installed in [11] on the bracket drive cylinder body [1] to [7], gear [6] by drive pinion [4], then the pinion gear [4] applied to the cylindrical body of the large gear set [1] [5], the drive cylinder body [1]] rotation; cylindrical body [1] high the end face is provided with feed opening [13], in the cylindrical body [1] is mounted on the fixed blade triangular helix along the inner wall [9] the plurality; mounting a plurality of U-shaped in the semi-cylindrical body [1] of the central axis movable blade [8] the central axis [10], the central axis [10] by a motor [7] by the reducer [6] driven, its rotation direction of the cylindrical body [1] Conversely; lower cylindrical body [1] disposed end to end surfaces of the discharge port [12].
  2. 2.按照权利要求1所述的生活垃圾破袋粗粉机,其特征是:本生活垃圾破袋粗粉机的圆筒机体的最佳斜度为2.5°。 Claim 2. The garbage bag breaking coarse machine of claim 1, wherein: the slope of the best of the cylindrical body of the present garbage bag breaking coarse machine is 2.5 °.
  3. 3.按照权利要求1或2所述的生活垃圾破袋粗粉机,其特征是:本生活垃圾破袋粗粉机的圆筒机体内壁上沿螺旋线安装的三角形固定刀[9]的数量以70-80把为最佳。 Number of triangles fixed blade wall of the cylindrical body along the helix of the present garbage bag breaking coarse machine installation [9]: 3. Claim garbage bag breaking meal or Claim 12, characterized in that 70-80 is the best.
CN 200420091235 2004-09-04 2004-09-04 Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse-cracking machine CN2734331Y (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102189027A (en) * 2011-03-16 2011-09-21 肖金堂 Garbage grinding bin
CN102335672A (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-02-01 湖南现代威保特环保科技有限公司 Harmless dehydrator
CN105149328A (en) * 2015-10-22 2015-12-16 李海兰 Bagged industrial garbage breaking and separating method
CN105539969A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 中国城市建设研究院有限公司 Bag tearing device and bag tearing method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102189027A (en) * 2011-03-16 2011-09-21 肖金堂 Garbage grinding bin
CN102335672A (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-02-01 湖南现代威保特环保科技有限公司 Harmless dehydrator
CN105149328A (en) * 2015-10-22 2015-12-16 李海兰 Bagged industrial garbage breaking and separating method
CN105539969A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 中国城市建设研究院有限公司 Bag tearing device and bag tearing method

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