CN2675305Y - Improved vertical lathe - Google Patents

Improved vertical lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2675305Y
CN2675305Y CN 200420038833 CN200420038833U CN2675305Y CN 2675305 Y CN2675305 Y CN 2675305Y CN 200420038833 CN200420038833 CN 200420038833 CN 200420038833 U CN200420038833 U CN 200420038833U CN 2675305 Y CN2675305 Y CN 2675305Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
fairlead
operator
tool
base
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200420038833
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张孝公
Original Assignee
张孝公
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张孝公 filed Critical 张孝公
Priority to CN 200420038833 priority Critical patent/CN2675305Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2675305Y publication Critical patent/CN2675305Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an improved vertical lathe and aims to solve the technical problem the adoption of structures of dovetail grooves and T-shaped grooves has the defects of small matched contact area, large load bearing per unit area, poor durability, high requirement for lubricating a working bench and easily impaired guide rail caused by oil starvation. The utility model has the essential technical proposal that a cylindrical guide structure is adopted, a cross beam and an upright pole are in cylindrical structures, and a cylindrical main tool rest is sheathed in a main tool guiding bushing through a cylinder-type main tool rod. A base is in the structure of an umbrella-shaped tower, and a plurality of bearing positioners are arranged on the circle on the upper edge of the base and support a rotary disc. Through the adoption of the cylindrical guide structure, the guide bushing and a cylinder have small fit clearance, the rotary dic and a roller bear rolling friction, and the utility model has the advantages of high processing quality and efficiency, favorable lubricating effect, low resistance force, sustaining good operation, low power consumption, good lubrication, and easy and reliable installation, maintenance and operation.

Description

A kind of improved vertical lathe
Technical field: the utility model relates to the machine tool technology field, particularly a kind of improved vertical lathe.
Background technology: the crossbeam of vertical lathe commonly used and column be connected and knife rest generally adopts forms such as dovetail groove, T type groove structure with being connected of crossbeam, so that crossbeam on the column, knife rest moves on crossbeam, this kind version it cooperate contact-making surface little, fit clearance is big, and machining accuracy is low, and the unit are carrying is big, lubricating system requires tight, be prone to oil starvation and play the thorn phenomenon, resistance is big, uses not durable in use.
The workbench of vertical lathe generally comprises base, rotating disk, power transmission shaft, decelerator etc., is provided with sealed guide rail and lubricating system, and lubricated instructions for use is higher, easy to wear thorn of guide rail oil starvation, the maintaining difficulty is big, and running resistance is big, power consumption is high, makes complexity, the cost height.
Summary of the invention: the technical problems to be solved in the utility model is, dovetail groove, T type groove structure cooperate contact-making surface little, and fit clearance is big, machining accuracy is low, and the unit are carrying is big, and lubricating system requires tight, be prone to oil starvation and play the thorn phenomenon, resistance is big, uses not durable in use.The sealed guide rail lubricating requirement of workbench height, easily oil starvation wearing and tearing, the maintaining difficulty is big, and running resistance is big, and power consumption is high, and manufacturing is complicated, the cost height, working strength is low, surperficial easy damaged.
The technical scheme of the utility model technical solution problem is, based on existing vertical lathe structure, comprise frame, column, crossbeam, knife rest, workbench, control system etc., adopt the cylinder guide frame, crossbeam and column are the column type structure, the column type column is located at the frame both sides, column is provided with the guide pillar cover, two column type crossbeams that are parallel to each other are connected with column by the guide pillar cover, can move up and down along column, the operator fairlead is sleeved on two crossbeams by two lateral apertures, the column type main carriage is connected with the operator fairlead, the operator bar is sleeved in the vertical hole of operator fairlead, and column type operator bar can move up and down in vertical hole, and the column type main carriage can move up and down with crossbeam; Workbench comprises base, and power transmission shaft passes base, goes up to be connected with rotating disk, be connected with reductor down, base is a umbrella pagoda type structure, and base upper edge circumference is provided with a plurality of carrying locators, and the carrying locator is fixed on the base by the bolt governor motion, the carrying locator supports rotating disk, keep running steadily, the carrying locator comprises support, establishes back shaft on the support, roller is contained on the back shaft by bearing holder (housing, cover), and roller contacts with rotating disk.
Be provided with the side lathe tool, wherein a side of a column is provided with the column type heel post that parallels with it, the side tool fairlead is contained on column and the heel post by two vertical borehole jacks, or be sleeved on two heel posts, the column type side tool post is connected with the side tool fairlead, column type side tool bar is sleeved in the lateral aperture of side tool fairlead, column type side tool bar can be in lateral aperture move left and right, the column type side tool post can move up and down on column and heel post with the side tool fairlead.
The structure of column type main carriage, comprise drum type brake operator bar, drum type brake operator bar is sleeved in the drum type brake adapter sleeve, connect by feed screw nut between the two, adapter sleeve is connected with the operator fairlead, the operator bar connects operator bar motor by leading screw, and operator bar motor drives the drum type brake knife bar by leading screw and moves in adapter sleeve.
Adopt the cylinder guide frame, fit clearance is little between fairlead and cylinder, and than dovetail groove and T type groove guiding accuracy height, crudy, working (machining) efficiency are higher; Be provided with sealing ring, dust ring between drum type brake knife bar and adapter sleeve, a lubricating oil adds and can use for a long time completely, and the reason oil pump is not gone bad or forgotten to refuel and weares and teares, or has added waste.Drum type brake lathe tool bar can have long stroke, is suitable for deep hole processing.Cylinder guiding contact-making surface is big, the unit are carrying is little, more durable in use than dovetail, T type groove, cylinder is cast with the high-quality spheroidal graphite and is good through the heat treatment strength high toughness, can reach the abrasion resistance of general-utility car, tractor bent axle, be in the past general T type groove, oat tail groove structure and tens times of casting with grey iron.
Be the roller friction between the rotating disk of workbench and roller, resistance is little, can keep good operation, and it is low to consume energy.Do not establish sealed guide rail and lubricating system thereof, or else be afraid of the guide rail oil starvation or the thorn that worn and torn, only need on the carrying locator, add that butter is lubricated to get final product.Generally speaking, add a butter and can use half a year.Rotating disk is cast with spheroidal graphite, and is than the intensity height with gray iron or sheet material weldering, in light weight after the heat treatment, generally can not weighed wounded, injure by a crashing object or be out of shape by great workpiece, keep precision, and transportation installed light.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model front view;
Fig. 2 is the utility model left view;
Fig. 3 is the utility model right view;
Fig. 4 is the utility model Working table structure schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment:
With reference to Fig. 1,2,3,1 is frame among the figure, and two columns 2 are located at the frame both sides, be the column type structure, column 2 is provided with guide pillar cover 4, and two column type crossbeams 3 that horizontal parallel is provided with overlap 4 with guide pillar and are connected, and can overlap 4 with guide pillar and move up and down along column.Operator fairlead 5 is sleeved on two crossbeams 3 by two lateral apertures on it, main carriage 6 is a cylinder mode, drum type brake adapter sleeve 8 is set with drum type brake operator bar 7, connect by feed screw nut between the two, adapter sleeve 8 is connected with operator pilot sleeve 5, operator bar 7 connects operator bar motor 9 by screw mandrel, and operator bar 7 is sleeved in the vertical core on the operator fairlead 5.The right side of right side column is provided with parallel with it column type heel post 11, side tool fairlead 12 is contained on two heel posts 11 by two vertical borehole jacks, column type side tool post 13 is connected with the side tool fairlead, the structure of side tool post 13 and identical with main carriage 6 and main carriage 6 with being connected of operator fairlead 5 with the connection of side tool fairlead 12, column type side tool bar can be in lateral aperture move left and right, the column type side tool post can move up and down on column with the side tool fairlead.
With reference to Fig. 4,16 is rotating disks among the figure, rotating disk is made with spheroidal graphite cast-iron, the 17th, base, power transmission shaft 22 passes base 17, go up and be connected with rotating disk 16, be connected with reductor 23 down, base 17 is a umbrella pagoda type structure, is uniformly distributed with 4 carrying locators 18 on the base 17 along the circumference, carrying locator 18 is fixed on the base 17 by bolt governor motion 24, carrying locator 18 supports rotating disk 16, and carrying locator 18 comprises support 25, establishes back shaft 20 on the support 25, roller 19 is sleeved on the back shaft 20 by bearing 21, and roller 19 contacts with rotating disk 16.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of improved vertical lathe, based on existing vertical lathe structure, comprise frame (1), column (2), workbench (14), control system (15), crossbeam, knife rest etc., it is characterized in that adopting the cylinder guide frame, crossbeam (3) is the column type structure with column (2), column type column (2) is located at frame (1) both sides, column (2) is provided with guide pillar cover (4), two the column type crossbeams (3) that are parallel to each other are connected with column by guide pillar cover (4), operator fairlead (5) is sleeved on two crossbeams (3) by two lateral apertures, column type main carriage (6) is connected with operator fairlead (5), and operator bar (7) is sleeved in the vertical hole of operator fairlead (5); Workbench comprises base (17), power transmission shaft (22) passes base (17), go up and be connected with rotating disk (16), be connected with reductor (23) down, base (17) is a umbrella pagoda type structure, base (17) upper edge circumference is provided with a plurality of carrying locators (18), carrying locator (18) is fixed on the base (17) by bolt governor motion (24), carrying locator (18) supports rotating disk (16), carrying locator (18) comprises support (25), establish back shaft (20) on the support (25), roller (19) is sleeved on the back shaft (20) by bearing (21), and roller (19) contacts with rotating disk (16).
2, vertical lathe according to claim 1, it is characterized in that said column type main carriage (6) comprises drum type brake operator bar (6), drum type brake operator bar (6) is sleeved in the drum type brake adapter sleeve (8), connect by feed screw nut between the two, adapter sleeve (8) is connected with operator fairlead (5), and operator bar (6) connects operator bar motor (9) by leading screw.
3, vertical lathe according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that being provided with the side lathe tool, be provided with the parallel column type heel post (11) of phase in a side of a column, side tool fairlead (12) is by two vertical borehole jack dress columns and on heel post (11), or be sleeved on two heel posts, column type side tool post (13) is connected with side tool fairlead (12), and column type side tool bar is sleeved in the lateral aperture of side tool fairlead.
CN 200420038833 2004-03-01 2004-03-01 Improved vertical lathe CN2675305Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420038833 CN2675305Y (en) 2004-03-01 2004-03-01 Improved vertical lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420038833 CN2675305Y (en) 2004-03-01 2004-03-01 Improved vertical lathe

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2675305Y true CN2675305Y (en) 2005-02-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200420038833 CN2675305Y (en) 2004-03-01 2004-03-01 Improved vertical lathe

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2675305Y (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101367168B (en) * 2008-06-24 2010-06-02 芜湖红旗重型机床有限公司 Double column vertical lathe
CN101695759B (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-10-05 山西安伦锻压机床有限公司 Special five-meter numerical control vertical lathe for wind power flange
CN102275075A (en) * 2010-06-11 2011-12-14 张孝公 Crossbeam guide rail for vertical lathe
CN101456082B (en) * 2008-10-17 2012-02-01 芜湖恒升重型机床股份有限公司 Beam micro-adjustment mechanism of double column vertical lathe
CN102886686A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-23 山东义信重机制造有限公司 Beam used for vertical lath
CN102909564A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-02-06 山东义信重机制造有限公司 Circular column guide rails for vertical lathe
CN102922300A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 山东义信重机制造有限公司 Pillar type column guide rail for plane milling and boring machine
CN105108187A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-02 苏州市海神达机械科技有限公司 Lathe adjusting device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101367168B (en) * 2008-06-24 2010-06-02 芜湖红旗重型机床有限公司 Double column vertical lathe
CN101456082B (en) * 2008-10-17 2012-02-01 芜湖恒升重型机床股份有限公司 Beam micro-adjustment mechanism of double column vertical lathe
CN101695759B (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-10-05 山西安伦锻压机床有限公司 Special five-meter numerical control vertical lathe for wind power flange
CN102275075A (en) * 2010-06-11 2011-12-14 张孝公 Crossbeam guide rail for vertical lathe
CN102909564A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-02-06 山东义信重机制造有限公司 Circular column guide rails for vertical lathe
CN102886686A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-23 山东义信重机制造有限公司 Beam used for vertical lath
CN102922300A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 山东义信重机制造有限公司 Pillar type column guide rail for plane milling and boring machine
CN105108187A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-02 苏州市海神达机械科技有限公司 Lathe adjusting device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Expiration termination date: 20140301

Granted publication date: 20050202