CN2674829Y - Herbaceous plant ear and straw cropper - Google Patents

Herbaceous plant ear and straw cropper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2674829Y
CN2674829Y CN 200420030187 CN200420030187U CN2674829Y CN 2674829 Y CN2674829 Y CN 2674829Y CN 200420030187 CN200420030187 CN 200420030187 CN 200420030187 U CN200420030187 U CN 200420030187U CN 2674829 Y CN2674829 Y CN 2674829Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
straw
snapping bar
worktable frame
plate
herbaceous plant
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200420030187
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭志英
Original Assignee
郭志英
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郭志英 filed Critical 郭志英
Priority to CN 200420030187 priority Critical patent/CN2674829Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2674829Y publication Critical patent/CN2674829Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a herbaceous plant ear and straw cropper and provides a cropper which can integrate the operation of the haulm harvesting, ear picking and the straw crashing and collection of the herbaceous plant. The corresponding locations of the bottom of the snapping rolls 6 and the working gantry 5 are penetrated with a two-way fan 4, an opening haulm and straw crashing collector 3 of the hammer plate crashing device 15. The snapping rolls which are provided with screw ridges, are in coupled deflection installation. A teasing ear chain board with slope angle, which is arranged in the teasing ear chain board device in spaced mounted and driven by the chain wheel 10 to 1, is arranged on the high order snapping roll 6 to 1 and the lower part of the periphery plate 11 to 1. An elevator 8 which is driven by the chain wheel and the chain, is arranged on the back ends of the divider 7 and the inward periphery plate 11-2 and in the working gantry 5. The utility model is used to collect the plant ear and crash and collect the straw. The corn work production efficiency is 4 to 10 mou per hour, and the haulm work production efficiency is 4 to 8 tons per hour.

Description

Herbaceous plant fringe, stalk harvester
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery results herbaceous plant, particularly a kind of reaping machine of plucking fringe, straw collection pulverizing.
Background technology
At present, the structure of the backpack small-sized corn reaping machine that agricultural operation is used is the snapping bar transmission case to be installed connect snapping bar on worktable frame, the worktable frame rear end is provided with straw cutter, elevator connects fixing with worktable frame mutually, the corncob of taking is delivered in the fruit ear case, stacked on the spot.The structure of front positioning type, towed duplicate rows maize harvesting machine is that the ear-picking unit assembly is arranged on main car or reaping machine front end, connects cross conveyer down, and the corncob of taking is sent into the elevator that is fixed on a side, is transported to the fruit ear case.Function such as each title function and aforementioned basic identical of the above self-propelled corn harvester of triplex row, various types have corn picker, fruit ear Ji Dui, return crop stocks to the field.But, weak point is: unreasonable on the structural design, being provided with of fruit ear case needs the input human and material resources to load and transport operation, elevator is arranged on a side, need the cross conveyer back work, power master car needs special-purpose, can not solve integral vehicle cost, cost, price height, the idleness of equipment time is long, the special train special plane.Excesssive gap between the snapping bar, group fringe carrier bar design is unreasonable, is easy to generate Lou phenomenons such as fringe, card fringe, threshing; Do not design the pulverizing retracting device of corn stalk and herbaceous plant cauline leaf, utilization can not be collected in a large amount of corn stalks, the discarded field of tall and big herbal cauline leaf, the useless large number of biological resource of wave, the energy, reduce in farmers' income, the especially livestock breeding, can not utilize straw, cauline leaf feed.Self-propelled corn harvester is the seasonal Work machine of unit, can not a tractor serves several purposes, and be not suitable for agricultural machinery and popularize.
Summary of the invention
The utility model has overcome deficiency of the prior art, the reaping machine of provide a kind of herbaceous plant cauline leaf results, pluck fringe, one is pulverized, is collected as to straw.
Task of the present utility model is, herbaceous plant, fringe, stalk harvester, comprise that gearbox is connected the snapping bar transmission case that installs and fixes on the worktable frame through driving chain and connects on the snapping bar and connect coaming plate, in the worktable frame outside peripheral board is installed, coaming plate between worktable frame, installing, the worktable frame front end is installed nearside divider and is connected interior coaming plate, peripheral board, coaming plate and nearside divider rear end install and fix by sprocket wheel in two groups, the chain-drive elevator, the elevator exit connects carries slideway or packaging bag, below snapping bar, worktable frame opposite position cross-under opening straw is pulverized gatherer, in be provided with two-way fan, hammer plate reducing mechanism; The paired displacement of snapping bar that is provided with the spiral crest line is installed, and the fringe carrier bar of being installed by the interval of chain wheel drive in the ear-poking chain plate device of dialling that is provided with the angle of inclination is installed in high-order snapping bar top, peripheral board bottom; Straw is pulverized gatherer end cap, bearing, bearing block is installed in housing, both sides install and fix hammer plate reducing mechanism on the main shaft, the centre installs and fixes two-way fan, on hammer plate reducing mechanism and housing opposite position, be provided with the straw inlet, be provided with the straw outlet below the two-way fan with on the housing opposite position.
A kind of herbaceous plant fringe, stalk reaping machine, comprise that gearbox connects coaming plate on the snapping bar transmission case connection snapping bar that the driving chain downlink connection is installing and fixing on the worktable frame, it is characterized in that peripheral board being installed in the worktable frame outside, coaming plate between worktable frame, installing, the worktable frame front end is installed nearside divider and is connected interior coaming plate, peripheral board, below snapping bar, worktable frame opposite position cross-under opening straw pulverizes gatherer, in be provided with two-way fan, hammer plate reducing mechanism.
Technical characterstic of the present utility model is: (one) will pluck fringe, straw pulverize collect, design that the cauline leaf results are integrated, operation is simultaneously finished respectively, reduces straw, cauline leaf loss, has improved comprehensive utilization.(2) produce varying length according to plant, the feature that fruit ear varies in size, reaping machine can be set upright the plant that tilts, lodge at the nearside divider of worktable frame front end setting, importing be provided with the spiral crest line, in pairs displacement install make fruit ear, straw not in conplane snapping bar passage, realize that fruit ear separates with straw; For stalk, cauline leaf are realized comprehensive utilization, straw, the cauline leaf that in time will pluck fringe import in the hammer plate reducing mechanism to be pulverized, according to the operation needs, the design both sides are provided with hammer plate reducing mechanism crushed straw, cauline leaf, that the centre is provided with is energy-conservation, save the two-way fan in space, straw section, cauline leaf section after pulverizing are in time discharged, in feed pipe is delivered to the compartment, collect.The utility model can be used as the reaping machine of the large-scale herbaceous plant of results (for example hybrid giant napier), also can be used as the reaping machine of large-scale herbaceous plant (for example corn) fringe, stalk.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is done further thin the description:
Fig. 1 shows herbaceous plant fringe, stalk harvester front view.
The mansion view of Fig. 2 diagrammatic sketch 1.
The A-A cutaway view of Fig. 3 diagrammatic sketch 1.
The B-B cutaway view of Fig. 4 diagrammatic sketch 1.
The C-C profile of Fig. 5 diagrammatic sketch 4.
Fig. 6 shows herbaceous plant fringe, another embodiment of stalk harvester front view.
The vertical view of Fig. 7 diagrammatic sketch 6.
Among the figure: gearbox-1; Feed pipe-2; Straw is pulverized gatherer-3; Two-way fan-4; Worktable frame-5; High snapping bar 6-1; Low level snapping bar 6-2; Nearside divider-7; Elevator-8; Carry slideway 8-1; Snapping bar transmission case-9; Ear-poking chain plate device-10; Dial fringe carrier bar 10-1; Dial fringe chain 0-2; Sprocket wheel 10-3; Driving shaft 10-4; Peripheral board 11-1; Interior coaming plate 11-2; Driving chain-12; Housing-13; Main shaft-14; Hammer plate reducing mechanism-15; Bearing-16; Bearing block-17; End cap-18; Sprocket wheel-19; Outlet-20; Inlet-21
With reference to accompanying drawing 1,2, install and fix on the worktable frame 5 on the snapping bar transmission case 9 connection snapping bars 6 and connect coaming plate 11, front end installs and fixes nearside divider 7, installs and fixes elevator 8 between nearside divider 7, interior coaming plate 11-2 rear end, two worktable frames 5; Below snapping bar 6, worktable frame 5 opposite position cross-under are provided with straw and pulverize gatherer 3; Gearbox 1 links to each other with the output shaft of main car and links to each other with elevator 8, snapping bar transmission case 9 straws pulverizing gatherer 3 through driving chain 12.
With reference to accompanying drawing 3, be fixed into the snapping bar 6 that displacement is installed on the worktable frame 5, be and group fringe carrier bar 10-1 that the angle of inclination is arranged of high-order snapping bar 6-1 cooperating that what be attached thereto is to dial fringe chain 10-2 on it; Sprocket wheel 10-3, driving shaft 10-4 are peripheral board 11-1 on them, between peripheral board 11-1 and the carrier bar 10-1, leave a fixed gap between carrier bar 10-1 and the high-order snapping bar 6-1; Between the next snapping bar 6-2 and interior coaming plate 11-2, the worktable frame 5 space is arranged, leave between coaming plate 11-1 and the coaming plate 11-2 passage fruit offerings fringe, straw by, import.
With reference to accompanying drawing 4, both sides are provided with bell plate reducing mechanism 15 on main shaft 14, and the corresponding with it position of housing 13 is provided with charging aperture 21, and the centre is provided with two-way fan 4, and shell opposite position with it is provided with discharging opening 20.
With reference to accompanying drawing 5, both sides are provided with bell plate reducing mechanism 15 on main shaft 14, and the corresponding with it position of housing 13 is provided with charging aperture 21; The centre is provided with two-way fan 4, and the corresponding with it position of shell is provided with discharging opening 20.
Herbaceous plant fringe, stalk reaping machine are example with the harvesting corn, reaping machine is fixed on the frame of 18-25 horsepower tractor with small four wheels, gearbox 1 is fixed on the transmission case shell of tractor, make the driving shaft of gearbox 1 and the output shaft fixed connection of tractor, gearbox 1 is linked to each other with snapping bar transmission case 9, straw pulverizing gatherer 3, elevator 8 through driving chain 12; Determine stubble height, adjust the position height of reaping machine on main car; According to the height of corncob on plant, adjust space between the snapping bar 6, make it to gather in the crops the minimum corncob in position.Tractor is started, by gearbox 1 power is passed to each one, car load, complete machine enter the harvesting work state.The parts that at first enter the corn planting district are nearside dividers 7, the milpa that it will tilt, lodge sets upright, import coaming plate 11-2 in the peripheral 11-1, in the passage that forms, enter between two snapping bars 6, under snapping bar 6 move toward one another effects, corn stalk is drawn in the crushed zone below the snapping bar 6 and carries out comminution process simultaneously, pulverized straw is subjected to two-way fan 4 high speed rotating to produce negative-pressure air-flow to promote, by export 20, feed pipe 2 delivers in the compartment; Corncob is stayed in two passages on the snapping bar 6, pushes elevator 8 by dialling fringe plate 10-1, is transported in the compartment, has realized the operation that corn picker, straw pulverizing collection are finished simultaneously.Work production efficient 4-10 mu/hour.
With results herbaceous plant hybrid giant napier is example, reaping machine is fixed on the frame of 18-25 horsepower tractor with small four wheels, gearbox 1 is fixed on the transmission case shell of tractor, make the driving shaft of gearbox 1 and the output shaft fixed connection of tractor, make gearbox 1 pulverize gatherer 3 through driving chain 12 and link to each other with snapping bar transmission case 9, cauline leaf; Determine stubble height, adjust the position height of reaping machine on main car; According to hybrid giant napier plant average diameter, adjust space between the snapping bar 6, make it to go into rapidly two and pluck between the fringe 6.Tractor is started, by gearbox 1 power is passed to each one, the car load complete machine enters the harvesting work state.The parts that at first enter the hybrid giant napier growing area are nearside dividers 7, it sets upright the plant that tilts, import in the passage of peripheral board 11-1, interior coaming plate 11-2 formation, enter between two snapping bars 6, under the 6 move toward one another effects of two snapping bars, the cauline leaf of hybrid giant napier is drawn in the crushed zone below the snapping bar and carries out comminution process, the cauline leaf of pulverized hybrid giant napier is promoted by two-way fan 4 high speed rotating generation negative-pressure air-flow, by export 20, feed pipe 2 delivers in the compartment, realized the operation that the pulverizing of emperor's culm leaf is collected, work production efficient 4-8 ton/hour.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of herbaceous plant fringe, the stalk reaping machine, comprise that gearbox (1) connects (12) through driving chain and is connected the snapping bar transmission case (9) that installs and fixes on the worktable frame (5) and connects on the snapping bar (6) and connect coaming plate (11), it is characterized in that peripheral board (11-1) being installed in worktable frame (5) outside, coaming plate (11-2) between worktable frame (5), installing, worktable frame (5) front end is installed nearside divider (7) and is connected interior coaming plate (11-2), peripheral board (11-1), coaming plate in two groups (11-2) and nearside divider (7) rear end install and fix by sprocket wheel, chain-drive elevator (8), elevator (8) exit connects carries slideway (8-1) or packaging bag, in snapping bar (6) below, worktable frame (5) opposite position cross-under opening straw is pulverized gatherer (3), in be provided with two-way fan (4), hammer plate reducing mechanism (15).
2, a kind of herbaceous plant fringe according to claim 1, stalk reaping machine, it is characterized in that being provided with snapping bar (6) the displacement installation in pairs of spiral crest line, the fringe carrier bar (10-1) of dialling that is provided with the angle of inclination that install at the interval that is driven by sprocket wheel (10-3) in the ear-poking chain plate device (10) is installed in high-order snapping bar (6-1) top, peripheral board (11-1) bottom.
3, a kind of herbaceous plant fringe according to claim 1, stalk reaping machine, it is characterized in that straw, pulverize gatherer (3) end cap (18), bearing (16), bearing block (17) are installed in housing (13), main shaft (14) is gone up both sides and is installed and fixed hammer plate reducing mechanism (15), the centre installs and fixes two-way fan (4), hammering plate reducing mechanism (15) into shape on housing (13) opposite position, be provided with straw inlet (21), on two-way fan (4) below and housing (13) opposite position, be provided with straw outlet (20).
4, a kind of herbaceous plant fringe, the stalk reaping machine, comprise that gearbox (1) connects (12) through driving chain and is connected the snapping bar transmission case (9) that installs and fixes on the worktable frame (5) and connects on the snapping bar (6) and connect coaming plate (11), it is characterized in that peripheral board (11-1) being installed in worktable frame (5) outside, coaming plate (11-2) between worktable frame (5), installing, worktable frame (5) front end is installed nearside divider (7) and is connected interior coaming plate (11-2), peripheral board (11-1), in snapping bar (6) below, worktable frame (5) opposite position cross-under opening straw is pulverized gatherer (3), in be provided with two-way fan (4), hammer plate reducing mechanism (15).
CN 200420030187 2004-01-16 2004-01-16 Herbaceous plant ear and straw cropper CN2674829Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102972151A (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-03-20 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Corn harvesting and stalk separating machine and harvesting method
CN108551897A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-09-21 陆林娣 A kind of automatic collect of stalk smashes locomotive and its application method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102972151A (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-03-20 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Corn harvesting and stalk separating machine and harvesting method
CN108551897A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-09-21 陆林娣 A kind of automatic collect of stalk smashes locomotive and its application method

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