CN2640221Y - Combine for whole sugarcane - Google Patents

Combine for whole sugarcane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2640221Y
CN2640221Y CN 03269032 CN03269032U CN2640221Y CN 2640221 Y CN2640221 Y CN 2640221Y CN 03269032 CN03269032 CN 03269032 CN 03269032 U CN03269032 U CN 03269032U CN 2640221 Y CN2640221 Y CN 2640221Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sugarcane
sprocket wheel
chain
moving tooth
conveying plant
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 03269032
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘赟东
王连文
张在勇
姚登辉
越文峰
朱连祥
王爱明
刘澍滋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG HUAXING MACHINERY GROUP Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG HUAXING MACHINERY GROUP Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG HUAXING MACHINERY GROUP Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG HUAXING MACHINERY GROUP Ltd
Priority to CN 03269032 priority Critical patent/CN2640221Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2640221Y publication Critical patent/CN2640221Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a whole stalk sugarcane harvester, belonging to agricultural machinery, wherein a left draw tooth holding device, a right draw tooth holding device and a cutter knife arranged on a header lifting device; the utility model also comprises a transverse upper supporting and conveying device and a transverse lower supporting and conveying device both of which are arranged at the anterior, and a vertical clamping and conveying device and a vertical supporting and conveying device both of which are arranged at one side; all the devices are arranged on a frame and are connected to a driveline system; a shroud with an opening inside is arranged on each of the draw tooth holding devices; a sprocket and the other sprocket are arranged in the shroud, the two sprockets are connected by a holding chain, a plurality of draw teeth are arranged on the holding chain. The utility model can reliably lift the lodging situation sugarcane to perform harvest, the harvest effect is improved, the miss out rate is low, the transportation is fluent, and blocking is not likely to happen; the whole harvester is connected to a tractor in suspension mode, a multi-use machine of tractor is realized, the operation is simple and convenient, the maintenance is convenient, and the production cost is low.

Description

Combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper
Technical field
The utility model provides a kind of agricultural machinery that is used for harvesting sugarcane.
Background technology
At present, cane harvester mainly contains whole rod-type harvesting and cutting type harvesting from harvesting approach.Ground such as America and Europe and Australia is based on the cutting type harvesting, in Southeast Asia and China then based on whole rod-type harvesting.The characteristics of whole rod-type grain header are, type is less, and used power is also less, generally about 50 horsepowers; Simple in structure, low price, easy to operate, can be fit to large and small plot; Sugarcane storage period after the results, is longer, generally about 7-10 days.And the characteristics of cutting type grain header are, type is huge, and required drive is bigger, generally more than 150 horsepowers; Complex structure, automaticity are higher, cost an arm and a leg; Harvested sugarcane storage period weak point must send into sugar refinery and press sugar in 24 hours, otherwise sugarcane is perishable; Be generally self-propelled type, be suitable for bulk smooth field operation.China develops the cane harvester tool since nineteen seventies.Liuzhou steel ring factory developed a kind of whole rod-type cane harvester, belonged to front-mounted type, because the problems such as yield, perennial root breakage rate height of leaking are difficult to solve, did not see and applied.97120914.6 number Chinese patent application discloses a kind of semi-feed sugar-cane combine harvester, its cardinal principle is to utilize sugar cane supporter that the sugarcane that lodges is set upright, cutter cuts off sugarcane, enters leaf-peeling mechanism subsequently and shells leaf, and last sugarcane is placed in the Material collecting box for harvesting that places the tractor rear portion stacks.This machine has following shortcoming: when 1, being installed on the tractor because of this machine, change to tractor is bigger, center of gravity will improve about 400-500mm, make the tractor center of gravity too high, less stable, and tractor can not be connected with machines such as other farm machinery such as plough, sower, rotovators, and versatility is bad; Need certain deceleration during 2, owing to the stripping leaf,, blockage problem takes place easily so sugarcane is elongated by the time of leave stripping roller; 3, for the sugarcane of serious lodging, it is higher to leak yield; 4, the perennial root breakage rate is higher.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is, a kind of combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper is provided, to improve harvesting effect to the sugarcane of lodging, improve smoothness that sugarcane carries and the versatility of supporting tractor.
The utility model is to realize like this, combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper, it has left moving tooth sugar cane supporter, right moving tooth sugar cane supporter, cutter is installed on the taiwan cut off and landing device, it is positioned at anterior horizontal going up in addition and helps conveying plant, horizontal support conveying plant down, be positioned at vertical clamping convey device of a side, vertically help conveying plant, each device is installed on the frame and with power drive system and links together, on each moving tooth sugar cane supporter, the guard shield that interior side opening is arranged, sprocket wheel and another sprocket wheel are arranged in the guard shield, two sprocket wheels link together by holding up the sugarcane chain, hold up on the sugarcane chain moving tooth is installed.
Adopt the sugarcane combine of said structure, because the existence of left and right moving tooth sugar cane supporter is arranged, can prop up reliably the sugarcane of lodging and gather in, improved the harvesting effect, it is low to leak yield.Sugarcane after cutting off carries out horizontal and vertical conveying under erectility, carry smoothness, is difficult for stopping up.Whole grain header hangs and is connected on the tractor, can realize a tractor serves several purposes of tractor, when not gathering in sugarcane, can be used for other operations such as deep ploughing, plantation, transportation, and versatility is good.Simple, convenient, be convenient to safeguard that production cost is low that price only is about 5% of an external like product.The harvesting efficiency height per hour can gather in about 2.5 mu, and 2 tons of about 8-1, harvesting line-spacing are suitable for the level land and are not more than 15 ° hillside fields operation more than 1000mm.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the master of the utility model structure looks schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of its part-structure.
Fig. 3 is that schematic diagram is looked on its left side of removing behind the left and right moving tooth sugar cane supporter.
Fig. 4 is that the master of the moving tooth sugar cane supporter structure in the utility model looks schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is its I partial enlarged drawing.
Embodiment
The embodiment that provides below in conjunction with accompanying drawing illustrates concrete structure of the present utility model and operation principle.
As shown in drawings, combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper, it has left moving tooth sugar cane supporter (43), right moving tooth sugar cane supporter (37), cutter (60) is installed on the taiwan cut off and landing device, it is positioned at anterior horizontal going up in addition and helps conveying plant, conveying plant is helped at the middle part, horizontal support conveying plant down, be positioned at vertical clamping convey device of a side, vertically help conveying plant, each device is installed on the frame and with power drive system and links together, on each moving tooth sugar cane supporter, the guard shield (66) that interior side opening is arranged, sprocket wheel (65) and another sprocket wheel (73) are arranged in the guard shield, two sprocket wheels link together by holding up sugarcane chain (71), hold up moving tooth (72) is installed on the sugarcane chain.
Hold up the last torsion spring of installing (69) of rotating shaft (68) of sugarcane chain to be stuck on the moving tooth, location-plate (70) is arranged on the moving tooth, at the inboard tighting rod (67) in addition of guard shield.
Can be separately installed with a left side before left and right moving tooth sugar cane supporter holds up the sugarcane frame (42) and the right side to hold up sugarcane frame (38).
Moving tooth on the left and right moving tooth sugar cane supporter is set upright the sugarcane of lodging and feed, after by cutter sugarcane being cut off, left and right moving tooth sugar cane supporter further uprightly feeds the sugarcane of cutting off in the ceding of Taiwan (6), the band on sugarcane chain (53), the horizontal support conveying plant down of holding up of holding up sugarcane chain (44), middle part to help band on the conveying plant to dial finger of helping on horizontal band on the conveying plant to dial finger is dialled under the acting in conjunction of holding up sugarcane chain (56) of finger, and sugarcane is laterally uprightly carried to the right.When sugarcane arrives the corner of vertical, horizontal, vertically the two groups of clamping chains (33) on the clamping convey device are clamped sugarcane and are carried out vertically uprightly carrying, simultaneously, band on vertical support conveying plant is dialled the support chain (31) of finger sugarcane is set upright, clamping chain, support chain are carried sugarcane jointly backward, when delivering to the end of clamping chain, the clamping chain unclamps sugarcane, and sugarcane is toppled over bulk storage in the field in the side of tractor.
On described taiwan cut off and landing device, the hydraulic jack (7) that is installed on the fore-stock (8) is arranged, hydraulic jack and connecting rod (9) link together, connecting rod one end is hinged on the support (10), the other end is hinged in the ceding of Taiwan (6), and pivoted arm (4) one ends are hinged in the ceding of Taiwan, the other end is hinged on the fore-stock.Hydraulic jack drives the quadric chain action of being made up of support (10), connecting rod (9), pivoted arm (4), the ceding of Taiwan (6), realize the lifting of the ceding of Taiwan, adapting to the high farm work in different ridges, and can be in transport process the ceding of Taiwan be promoted to the overhead height of 450mm.
On described vertical clamping convey device, two sprocket wheels (25) that are installed on the universal drive shaft (24) are arranged, two sprocket wheels (25) link to each other with sprocket wheel (50), sprocket wheel (51) on the fore-stock respectively through two clamping chains (33).
Vertically helping on the conveying plant, the sprocket wheel (30) that is installed on the universal drive shaft (26) is arranged, two sprocket wheels (30) are dialled the support chain (31) that refers to by band and are linked to each other with sprocket wheel (34).Sprocket wheel (29) can also be installed on universal drive shaft (26), and sprocket wheel (29) is dialled the chain (28) that refers to by band and is linked to each other with sprocket wheel (27).Chain (28) can drive a segment distance backward with the top that breaks away from the sugarcane of helping chain, so that sugarcane field is swung in its inclination.
On horizontal, help on the conveying plant, have sprocket wheel (35) to dial the sugarcane chain (44) of holding up that refers to and link to each other with sprocket wheel (64) by band.
Help on the conveying plant at the middle part, the sprocket wheel (52) on the rack-mounted fore-stock (8) is arranged, sprocket wheel (52) links together by holding up another sprocket wheel (54) on sugarcane chain (53) and the fore-stock.
On horizontal support conveying plant down, the sprocket wheel (55) that is installed on the fore-stock (8) is arranged, sprocket wheel (55) is dialled hold up sugarcane chain (56) and the sprocket wheel (41) that refer to (36) by band and is linked together.
Horizontally go up, middle part, the horizontal acting in conjunction of support conveying plant down, the sugarcane after the feeding laterally uprightly can be delivered to vertical clamping, help conveying plant.
Frame is made up of portal frame (32), the fore-stock (8) that is fixed on the portal frame front portion, the after-poppet (74) that is fixed on the portal frame rear portion, and whole cutting machine is fixed on the tractor (14) by frame.Fore-stock, portal frame, after-poppet are separately fixed at the front portion of tractor, a side and the rear portion at middle part, and can dismantle easily, make tractor finish different operations.On the portal frame below the clamping chain, be fixed with deflector chute (11), can prevent that sugarcane from vertically dropping on the ground in the course of conveying.Between the front end of deflector chute and the ceding of Taiwan, rebound (57) is arranged, lateral transfer to the sugarcane in the clamping chain process can be held.Can link to each other by a torsion spring between deflector chute and the rebound, like this, when the harvesting height of the ceding of Taiwan changed, the angled conveyor of rebound can corresponding thereupon adjustment.
On power drive system of the present utility model, rear output shaft (15) on the tractor (14) links to each other with the power shaft of gearbox (19) by universal drive shaft (16), sprocket wheel (20) on gearbox (19) output shaft links to each other with sprocket wheel (22) in the rotating shaft (18) through chain (21), link to each other with sprocket wheel (12) on commutation gearbox (23) power shaft through chain (13) with the coaxial sprocket wheel (17) of sprocket wheel (22), be connected with two universal drive shafts (24) respectively on two output shafts on the commutation gearbox, be connected with universal drive shaft (26) on the inboard universal drive shaft (24), vertically help the sprocket wheel (30) on the device to be installed on the universal drive shaft (26), vertically two sprocket wheels (25) on the clamping device are installed on two universal drive shafts (24), finish vertical support, the power transmission of clamping convey device.With hold up sugarcane chain (44) on the sprocket wheel of installing on the coaxial sprocket wheel (64) of the sprocket wheel (34) on vertical support conveying plant and the fore-stock (35), sprocket wheel (64) drives holds up sugarcane chain (44) to finish the horizontal transmission of helping conveying plant of going up.Sprocket wheel (35) is connected with the upper end of universal drive shaft (63), the lower end of universal drive shaft (63) is connected on the power shaft of cutter gearbox (62), the output shaft of cutter gearbox has two, output shaft is cutter axis (61) longitudinally, cutter (60) is installed on the cutter axis, cutter axis drives cutter and rotates, and finishes the cutting of cutter to sugarcane.Belt pulley (5) is installed on the horizontal output shaft of cutter gearbox, on the belt pulley (2) on the anterior left gearbox of installing (1) of the belt pulley (5) and the ceding of Taiwan belt (3) is arranged, sprocket wheel (65) on the left moving tooth sugar cane supporter (43) is installed on the output shaft of left side gearbox (1), left side gearbox (1) with the rotation speed change of belt pulley (2), commutation after, drive left moving tooth sugar cane supporter (43) work, finish to the sugarcane of lodging set upright and with the feeding work of the sugarcane cut off to the ceding of Taiwan.Vertically on the sprocket wheel (51) in the left side on the clamping convey device coaxial sprocket wheel (52) is installed also, sprocket wheel (52) is held up sugarcane chain (53) with being installed in to be equipped with on another sprocket wheel (54) on the fore-stock, sprocket wheel (52) drives holds up sugarcane chain (53) motion, finishes the transmission that conveying plant is helped at the middle part.The sprocket wheel of installing on the power shaft of cutter gearbox (62) (39) links to each other with sprocket wheel (59) by chain (40), and coaxial sprocket wheel (41) is installed on the sprocket wheel (59), and sprocket wheel (41) drives holds up sugarcane chain (56) to finish the horizontal transmission of support conveying plant down.Vertically the sprocket wheel (50) on the right side on the clamping convey device is connected with the lower end of universal drive shaft (48), the upper end of universal drive shaft (48) is equipped with sprocket wheel (47), on the sprocket wheel (45) on sprocket wheel (47) and the portal frame chain (46) is arranged, sprocket wheel (45) is connected with the upper end of universal drive shaft (49), the lower end of universal drive shaft (49) is connected with the power shaft of gearbox (58), the same with cutter gearbox (62), on the output shaft of gearbox (58) belt pulley is installed, on the belt pulley on the anterior right gearbox power shaft of installing of this belt pulley and the ceding of Taiwan belt is arranged, on the right output shaft of gear-box right moving tooth sugar cane supporter (37) is installed, the output shaft of right gearbox drives right moving tooth sugar cane supporter and rotates, with left moving tooth sugar cane supporter, finish to the sugarcane of lodging set upright and with the work of the sugarcane cut off to ceding of Taiwan feeding.Be the rotation of sprocket wheel (50), just reach gearbox (58) through universal drive shaft (48), sprocket wheel (47), chain (46), sprocket wheel (45), universal drive shaft (49), gearbox (58) drives the work of right moving tooth sugar cane supporter through belt pulley again.
Like this, clamping chain (33), help chain (31), chain (44) wait finish vertical clamping carry, vertically help carry, horizontal in the work such as support conveying, also play powerdriven effect.
As Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, guard shield (66) is made up of upper and lower two parts.The opening of guard shield inboard makes moving tooth to pass through.Side at the guard shield opening, moving tooth (72) is under the effect of torsion spring (69), outwards flick, because the distance of guard shield (66) and chain (71) and tighting rod (67) is very near, between guard shield (66) and tighting rod (67), form guide channel, location-plate (70) moves in passage, and moving tooth can not rotate, and sugarcane is propped up, feeds by moving tooth; And in a side of guard shield closure, because the distance of guard shield and chain (71) is greater than the width of location-plate (70), and do not have tighting rod, therefore, moving tooth (72) is stopped by guard shield, and the torsion spring on the chain (69) reverses, and moving tooth turns in the space of guard shield formation.

Claims (3)

1, combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper, it is characterized in that, it has left moving tooth sugar cane supporter (43), right moving tooth sugar cane supporter (37), cutter (60) is installed on the taiwan cut off and landing device, it is positioned at anterior horizontal going up in addition and helps conveying plant, conveying plant is helped at the middle part, horizontal support conveying plant down, be positioned at vertical clamping convey device of a side, vertically help conveying plant, each device is installed on the frame and with power drive system and links together, on each moving tooth sugar cane supporter, the guard shield (66) that interior side opening is arranged, sprocket wheel (65) and another sprocket wheel (73) are arranged in the guard shield, two sprocket wheels link together by holding up sugarcane chain (71), hold up moving tooth (72) is installed on the sugarcane chain.
2, combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, on described taiwan cut off and landing device, the hydraulic jack (7) that is installed on the fore-stock (8) is arranged, hydraulic jack and connecting rod (9) link together, connecting rod one end is hinged on the support (10), and the other end is hinged in the ceding of Taiwan (6), and pivoted arm (4) one ends are hinged in the ceding of Taiwan, the other end is hinged on the fore-stock.
3, combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, on described horizontal support conveying plant down, the sprocket wheel (55) that is installed on the fore-stock (8) is arranged, sprocket wheel (55) is dialled hold up sugarcane chain (56) and the sprocket wheel (41) that refer to (36) by band and is linked together.
CN 03269032 2003-07-14 2003-07-14 Combine for whole sugarcane Expired - Fee Related CN2640221Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 03269032 CN2640221Y (en) 2003-07-14 2003-07-14 Combine for whole sugarcane

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 03269032 CN2640221Y (en) 2003-07-14 2003-07-14 Combine for whole sugarcane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2640221Y true CN2640221Y (en) 2004-09-15

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 03269032 Expired - Fee Related CN2640221Y (en) 2003-07-14 2003-07-14 Combine for whole sugarcane

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2640221Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255187A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-07 南宁新拖农机有限公司 Four-wheel driven steering wheel type sugarcane cutter
CN104396438A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-11 柳州中农新业科技有限公司 Sugarcane lifter
CN105284282A (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-02-03 黄保山 Integral bar type sugarcane harvester
CN105612882A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-06-01 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Sugarcane seed conveying device of seed-pre-cutting type sugarcane planting machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284282A (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-02-03 黄保山 Integral bar type sugarcane harvester
CN104255187A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-07 南宁新拖农机有限公司 Four-wheel driven steering wheel type sugarcane cutter
CN104396438A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-11 柳州中农新业科技有限公司 Sugarcane lifter
CN105612882A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-06-01 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Sugarcane seed conveying device of seed-pre-cutting type sugarcane planting machine
CN105612882B (en) * 2016-02-24 2018-04-03 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Pre-cut kind formula sugarcane planting machine sugarcane kind conveying device

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee